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1.
Aust Endod J ; 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236472

RESUMO

The objective was to evaluate the shaping ability of XP-endo Shaper and Mtwo systems in oval-shaped canals preparation by microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) along the entire canal. The volume, surface area and percentage of unprepared area were evaluated by image processing in entire canal and apical third (5 mm). Apical transportation and centring ability were evaluated at 3, 5 and 7 mm from the apex. Forty single-canal oval canines were paired in two groups (n = 20) according to the instrumentation system: XP-endo Shaper and Mtwo. The teeth were scanned by micro-CT before and after instrumentation, using a thermal vat at 37°C. The XP-endo Shaper system was more effective in the instrumentation of oval-shaped canals when compared to Mtwo system, resulting in greater volume increases and lower percentage of unprepared canals walls in apical region. Regarding apical transportation and centring ability, no statistical difference was observed.

2.
Gen Dent ; 68(2): e1-e4, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105233

RESUMO

This study evaluated the relationship between the apices of maxillary posterior teeth (second premolar, first molar, and second molar) and the maxillary sinus floor (MSF) and maxillary cortical bone (MCB). Cone beam computed tomographic (CBCT) scanning was used to analyze 1660 roots from 678 teeth and determine the shortest distance between the root apex and MSF and between the root apex and buccal and palatal cortices of maxillary bone. The root apices were classified based on their relationship to the MSF: type 1, the root apex protruded into the maxillary sinus; type 2, the root apex was from 0 mm (touching the MSF) to 1 mm below the MSF; and type 3, the root apex was greater than 1 mm below the MSF. As the age of the subjects increased (older than 40 years), there was a significantly greater proximity of the teeth to the MCB (P < 0.05) and less proximity of second molars to the MSF (P = 0.005). First and second molars each presented a high prevalence of root apices that protruded into the maxillary sinus (type 1), 47.8% and 43.8%, respectively. Second premolars were more frequently classified as type 3 (71.7%) than first and second molars. The mesiobuccal root of the maxillary second molar was the root closest to the MSF, while the maxillary first molar was the tooth closest to the MCB.


Assuntos
Seio Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Levantamento do Assoalho do Seio Maxilar , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Osso Cortical , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
Gen Dent ; 67(3): 58-61, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199746

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of previous irrigation with chlorhexidine (CHX) on the bond strength of a calcium silicate-based material, Biodentine, when used for furcal repair. Furcal perforations were produced in 30 extracted mandibular molars. Teeth were divided into 3 groups according to the irrigant used: distilled water (DW), CHX followed by DW (CHX), and CHX followed by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and DW (CHX/EDTA). Biodentine was used to repair the perforations. A push-out bond strength test was performed after 7 days, and data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (P < 0.05). The CHX/EDTA group showed significantly lower values than the DW and CHX groups (P < 0.05). The failure mode of the DW group was mainly mixed, while that of the CHX group was cohesive. The CHX/EDTA group exhibited adhesive and mixed failures. Irrigation with CHX prior to furcation repair did not result in a statistically significant difference, compared to the use of DW, in the push-out bond strength of Biodentine.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio/química , Clorexidina/química , Colagem Dentária , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Silicatos/química , Cálcio , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Hipoclorito de Sódio
4.
Aust Endod J ; 45(2): 196-201, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30230115

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the root canal configuration of maxillary premolars using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). CBCT images of 999 maxillary premolars from a database were analysed to determine the frequency of the number of roots, root canals and Vertucci's classification. The associations among these variables were evaluated by Chi-square test (P < 0.05). In the first premolars, 42.2% of single-rooted teeth had a type II configuration, whereas 98.7% of 2-rooted teeth showed type IV. In the second premolars, type I was the most prevalent (49.9%). The presence of two roots was more prevalent in first premolars, and the presence of one root was more prevalent in second premolars (P < 0.05). Male patients had a higher percentage of two roots compared with female patients (P < 0.05). Type IV and I was more prevalent in first and second premolars respectively (P < 0.05). There was a high frequency of 2-rooted and single-rooted teeth among maxillary first and second premolars respectively.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Cavidade Pulpar , Dente Pré-Molar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Raiz Dentária
5.
Dent. press endod ; 8(3): 34-40, set.-dez. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-948767

RESUMO

Introdução: diferentes irrigantes têm sido estudados, propostos e utilizados durante a terapia endodôntica. Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi determinar as tendências atuais em irrigação, entre os endodontistas brasileiros. Métodos: um total de 398 endodontistas brasileiros respondeu a um questionário de pesquisa na internet, com 15 questões de múltipla escolha, seleções múltiplas e rankings numéricos, sobre sua seleção de irrigante, concentração, remoção da smear layer e uso de coadjuvantes para irrigação. Resultados: o hipoclorito de sódio foi o irrigante mais utilizado em uma concentração inferior a 5,0%. Clorexidina (CHX) foi o segundo irrigante primário mais utilizado, sendo a CHX 2% em gel a forma de apresentação mais prevalente. Em relação à remoção da smear layer, 88,4% dos entrevistados declararam realizar a remoção, onde o EDTA foi o irrigante mais utilizado (93,7%). Mais de 70% dos endodontistas utilizam um sistema coadjuvante durante a irrigação, dos quais 39,9% utilizam ativação ultrassônica; 24,4%, lima plástica e 1%, ativação sônica. O uso de EndoVac não foi relatado. Conclusões: a maioria dos entrevistados utiliza hipoclorito de sódio e remove rotineiramente a smear layer durante o tratamento endodôntico utilizando EDTA. Os endodontistas brasileiros utilizam técnicas coadjuvantes à irrigação. (AU)


Assuntos
Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Cavidade Pulpar , Endodontia/tendências
6.
J Endod ; 44(3): 470-474, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29153985

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this article was to evaluate the influence of applying filters in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images at different resolutions. These CBCT images were obtained for diagnosing mesiodistal vertical root fractures (VRFs) in teeth with metal posts. METHODS: Forty teeth were treated endodontically, and 20 received metal posts. Ten teeth without posts and 10 teeth with posts were subjected to VRF in the mesiodistal direction. The sample was submitted to periapical radiographs and CBCT exams with a voxel of 0.25 and 0.30 mm. To reduce the influence of the metal artifact in the CT images, the teeth were evaluated with and without the application of filters ("Sharpen" and "Hard"). The images were evaluated by 2 radiologists who identified the presence of VRF. Accuracy values (receiver operating characteristic curves) for the different variables were compared by using analysis of variance and t test. RESULTS: No difference was observed between images with and without filter application (P > .05). Images obtained with a 0.25-mm voxel were more accurate (P < .05). The presence of the metal post reduced the accuracy of the diagnosis of VRF (P < .05), and the CBCT images showed superior results compared with periapical radiographs (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of a metal post and the voxel size significantly interfere with the diagnosis of VRF. Despite the formation of metal artifacts associated with metallic cores, applying filters did not improve the diagnosis. For mesiodistal VRF, the CBCT images are superior to the periapical radiographs.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Coroas , Fraturas dos Dentes/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/lesões , Artefatos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Humanos , Metais , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular
7.
HU rev ; 44(1): 55-61, 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-986441

RESUMO

A Endodontia é a especialidade da Odontologia que cuida da prevenção, diagnóstico e tratamento das afecções que acometem a polpa dental, a cavidade endodôntica e os tecidos periodontais adjacentes. O tratamento endodôntico, considerado complexo e desgastante para o paciente e operador, durante anos vem sendo foco de atenção para estudiosos da área e indústria especializada. O objetivo deste estudo de revisão de literatura foi apresentar, de forma sucinta, a evolução tecnológica dedicada à Endodontia nas últimas décadas e suas consequências na atualidade. Muitos foram os estudos que acarretaram no desenvolvimento de aparelhos, instrumentos, materiais e técnicas hoje utilizadas visando a simplificação, agilização e aumento da taxa de sucesso do tratamento endodôntico. Entre os principais incrementos na Endodontia podemos citar os modernos instrumentos endodônticos, os sofisticados motores e aparelhos controlados eletronicamente e alguns materiais. Esses, modificaram significativamente a forma de realizar algumas etapas do tratamento como a odontometria, o preparo químico-mecânico, a obturação, o reparo de perfurações e, ainda, o diagnóstico por imagem, tornando a Endodontia mais segura, eficiente, rápida, com maior previsibilidade e menos cansativa para profissional e paciente.


Endodontics is the specialty of Dentistry concerned with prevention, diagnostics and treatment of affections of the dental pulp, endodontic cavity and the adjacent periodontal tissues. Endodontic treatment, considered complex and exhausting for the patient and operator, has for years been the focus of attention of scholars in this area of expertise and specialized industry. The purpose of this literature review study was to present, succinctly, the technological evolution dedicated to endodontics in the last decades and their consequences at the present time. Many studies have led to the development of devices, instruments, materials and techniques used today to simplify, streamline and increase the success rate of endodontic treatment. Among the main improvements in endodontics, we can mention the modern endodontic instruments, sophisticated motors, electronically-controlled devices and some materials. These significantly modified the way to perform some treatment steps, such as odontometry, chemo-mechanical preparation, filling, perforation repair, and imaging diagnosis, making endodontics safer, more efficient, faster, with greater predictability and less tiring for the professional and patient.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Odontológica , Endodontia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Automação , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Desenvolvimento Tecnológico , Polpa Dentária , Cavidade Pulpar , Odontometria
8.
J Endod ; 43(12): 1978-1983, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29033085

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The proximity of the roots of maxillary posterior teeth to the maxillary sinus floor can be associated with the development of chronic maxillary sinusitis (CMS). Therefore, this study evaluated the correlation between the presence of endodontic infection and periodontal disease in maxillary posterior teeth and the presence of CMS. METHODS: A total of 83 patients (159 maxillary sinuses) were selected and underwent clinical dental examination to assess tooth mobility and pulp condition. In addition, cone-beam computed tomography was performed to evaluate the presence of periapical lesion and periodontal bone loss, and measure the distance from the root apex to the cortical of the maxillary sinus. The maxillary sinuses were divided into 2 groups: CMS and no maxillary sinusitis. Data were analyzed using χ2 test and binary logistic regression analysis (P < .05). RESULTS: Periodontal disease was positively associated with CMS, leading to a 3.45-fold higher association between these disorders (P < .05). CMS was significantly more common in patients with periodontal disease or endodontic infection in close proximity with the maxillary sinus. Periodontal disease or endodontic infection that was more distant from the maxillary sinus was more common in patients with no maxillary sinusitis (P < .05). To the extent that the tooth is more distant from the maxillary sinus floor, the chance of presenting CMS is reduced up to 2.5-fold (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Periodontal disease and proximity to the maxillary sinus are more common in cases of CMS, requiring a dental assessment and cone-beam computed tomography evaluation in patients with CMS with ineffective treatment.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/complicações , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Sinusite Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Sinusite Maxilar/etiologia , Doenças Periodontais/complicações , Doenças Periodontais/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sinusite Maxilar/microbiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Periodontais/microbiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-964851

RESUMO

Introdução: O retratamento não cirúrgico é uma opção de tratamento quando ocorre o insucesso no tratamento endodôntico, porém, em muitos casos, há necessidade da remoção prévia de pinos intrarradiculares. Objetivo: Esta revisão de literatura tem como objetivo citar os riscos e os benefícios da opção pelo retratamento endodôntico não cirúrgico na presença de pinos intrarradiculares, bem como citar materiais e técnicas para a remoção de diferentes tipos de pinos. Conclusão: A opção pelo retratamento endodôntico não cirúrgico, em casos em que há necessidade de remoção de pinos, é segura e de índice de sucesso considerável, por isso, deve-se levar em conta o conhecimento de técnicas e os fatores que podem influenciar durante o processo, a fim de prevenir acidentes, bem como saber que apenas a presença do pino intrarradicular não é indicação para o tratamento cirúrgico.


Introduction: Nonsurgical retreatment is a treatment option when the failure happens in the endodontic treatment, but in many cases, there is need for prior removal intrarradicular posts. Objectives: This literature review aims to cite the risks and benefits of option for nonsurgical endodontic retreatment in the presence of intraradicular posts and cite materials and techniques for removing different types of posts. Conclusion: The option for nonsurgical endodontic retreatment in cases where removal the posts there need, is safe and considerable success rate, therefore, one should take into account the knowledge of techniques and factors that may influence during the process, in order to prevent accidents, as well as to know that only the presence of intraradicular post is no indication for surgical treatment.


Assuntos
Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Pinos Dentários , Endodontia/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Retratamento/instrumentação
10.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 45(6): 339-343, nov.-dez. 2016. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-830699

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an efficient adjuvant technique to promote disinfection of the root canal system. Therefore, it is important to investigate changes to dentin morphology and permeability induced by the use of diode laser on the root dentin. Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate morphological changes and the percentage of apical leakage after the use of laser. Material and method Forty single-rooted teeth were instrumented using rotary system and irrigated. Teeth were randomly divided in two groups: G1 - not exposed to PDT (control), and G2 - pretreated with toluidine blue photosensitizer and irradiated with AsGaAl laser diode. Ten teeth in each group were evaluated by SEM for morphological changes. The other ten teeth were filled and stained with Rhodamine B to evaluate the apical leakage. Result The results showed significant difference between G1 and G2 (p <0.001 - chi-square), with greater presence of debris in G1 and higher incidence of open dentinal tubules in G2. Erosions and cracks were observed in both groups, with no statistically significant difference (p> 0.001). The apical leakage was significantly higher in G2 than in G1 (p <0.001 - Student's t-test). Conclusion It was concluded that the use of low-level laser reduced the smear layer and opened the dentinal tubules. Use of laser increased the permeability of the apical dentin.


Resumo Introdução A PDT antimicrobiana é um eficiente método coadjuvante na desinfecção do sistema de canais radiculares, o que torna importante o estudo sobre a possibilidade de alterações morfológicas e permeabilidade provocadas pelo laser de diodo na estrutura dentinária radicular. Objetivo A proposta deste estudo foi investigar as alterações morfológicas e percentual de infiltração apical radicular após o uso do laser diodo. Material e método Quarenta dentes monorradiculares foram instrumentados pelo sistema rotatório Protaper e irrigados com NaOCl 5,25% e EDTA 17%. Depois, foram divididos aleatoriamente em: G1: não receberam PDT (controle); G2: receberam pré-irradiação com fotossensibilizador azul de toluidina e irradiação com laser diodo de AsGaAl. Em seguida, 10 dentes de cada grupo foram analisados por MEV quanto as alterações morfológicas. Os outros 10 dentes foram obturados e corados por Rodamina B para avaliar o percentual de infiltração apical. Resultado Os resultados mostraram diferença significativa entre G1 e G2 (p<0,001 - qui-quadrado), verificando maior presença de debris em G1 (controle) e maior ocorrência de túbulos dentinários abertos em G2 (PDT). Erosões e cracks foram observadas em ambos os grupos, sem diferença estatística significativa (p>0,001). O percentual de infiltração apical foi significativamente maior em G2 que em G1 (p<0,001 – t student). Conclusão Concluiu-se que a utilização do laser diodo promoveu a redução de smear layer e abertura dos túbulos dentinários, não influenciando na ocorrência de erosão, cracks e carbonização. O laser aumentou a permeabilidade da dentina apical.

11.
Case Rep Dent ; 2016: 3206845, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27547474

RESUMO

Gag reflex is a physiologic mechanism that promotes contraction of the muscles of the tongue and pharyngeal walls. Different factors, including intraoral radiographic films and sensors, may trigger this reflex. Patients with severe gag reflex may not be able to tolerate the presence of intraoral radiographic films or sensors during root canal therapy (RCT). This factor may prevent an appropriate intraoral radiograph, which is important in RCT. Different approaches have been used to facilitate dental procedures in patients suffering from severe gag reflex. The use of an extraoral radiographic technique is an alternative method to obtain working length confirmation in patients with severe gag reflex. In this report of 2 cases, the use of an extraoral radiographic technique as an alternative approach during RCT in patients with severe gag reflex associated with phobic behavior and trismus was successfully demonstrated.

12.
Dent. press endod ; 6(2): 16-20, May-Aug. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-846945

RESUMO

Objetivo: o objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar in vitro a microin ltração coronária em cavidades complexas seladas com materiais restauradores temporários (MRT). Métodos: as cavidades foram preparadas em 60 pré-molares superiores extraídos de humanos, e os espécimes foram divididos em três grupos, de acordo com o MRT utilizado: G1 = IRM; G2 = Coltosol; G3 = Fill Magic Tempo. Três dentes serviram como controle negativo e não tiveram cavidades preparadas. Antes do selamento das cavidades com o MRT, uma esponja de colágeno foi deixada dentro da câmara pulpar, para avaliação binária da penetração do corante. Dez dentes de cada grupo não foram submetidos à ação de termociclagem e força mecânica oclusal, enquanto outros dez foram submetidos a essas ações. A amostra foi imersa em corante Rodamina B a 0,5% a 37°C, por 7 dias. Resultados: todos os dentes examinados (100%), exceto os controles negativos, apresentaram in ltração pelo corante. Todos os dentes selados com Coltosol (100%) fraturaram após ensaio mecânico, enquanto aqueles com IRM e Fill Magic Tempo mantiveram-se intactos macroscopicamente. A ação ou não das intempéries térmicas e mecânicas não interferiu na penetração do corante nas amostras no presente estudo. Conclusão: nenhum dos materiais testados impediu a in ltração do corante. No entanto, o Coltosol não deve ser indicado para utilização em cavidades complexas onde há incidência de forças mastigatórias, devido ao seu alto índice de fratura.


Assuntos
Humanos , Corantes , Infiltração Dentária/diagnóstico , Materiais Dentários/uso terapêutico , Fenômenos Mecânicos/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 3(4): 825-828, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26171189

RESUMO

Malignant neoplasia represents the second cause of disease-related mortality and, among all patients diagnosed with cancer, 70% will receive chemotherapy during the course of treatment. As a consequence, an increasing number of researchers have focused their attention on the search for more specific anticancer therapies associated with fewer side effects. Leukopenia is an important adverse effect associated with chemotherapy. Secondary infection is very common among leukopenic patients, directly affecting the continuity of the chemotherapeutic treatment and leading to possible complications in tumor immune defense. Atorvastatin, a type of statin, is a known agent used to control hypercholesterolemia. Trans-caryophyllene, isolated from a resinous oil extracted from the copaiba tree, possesses anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. The AIM of the present study was to evaluate, through a complete leukocyte count, the systemic immunomodulation potential of pentoxifylline (PTX), atorvastatin and trans-caryophyllene, as well as the possible prophylactic role of these drugs against secondary leukopenia, in an experimental chemotherapy model induced by 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in wistar rats. A total of 32 male wistar rats were used, 24 of which were submitted to treatment with atorvastatin, PTX and trans-caryophyllene prior to the administration of chemotherapy. The Shapiro-Wilk test was used to verify normality and the Kruskal-Wallis test was used for negative data in the normality test. Among the drugs selected, atorvastatin exhibited the best preventive potential in regards to leukopenia secondary to experimental chemotherapy induced by 5-FU, in comparison to the group receiving saline solution, while PTX amplified such alterations in the leukograms of the animals in this trial.

14.
Open Dent J ; 9: 482-5, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26962377

RESUMO

Root canal treatment of teeth presenting immature development is a great challenge for both the patient and the professional. The thinness of the root canal walls of immature teeth may lead to root fracture and thus the outcomes of such treatments are uncertain. Revascularization is based on root canal decontamination followed by the induction of blood migration from the periapical tissues and the development of new vascular tissue in the canal space. The principle of disinfection in regenerative endodontics is that it should be achieved with minimum root canal instrumentation; an intracanal medication is used to inhibit bacterial growth and appropriate sealing of the coronal portion is performed. The American Association of Endodontists (AAE) considerations for regenerative endodontics include calcium hydroxide as an alternative intracanal dressing. This material has also been claimed to diminish the possibility of dental staining during revascularization procedures. The relatively new treatment protocol has been widely reported in the last few years; however it should be performed only when other alternatives are not reasonable. This case report presents a 3-year follow-up of a case of revascularization of a maxillary central incisor using calcium hydroxide as a root canal disinfection dressing.

15.
Rev. interdisciplin. estud. exp. anim. hum. (impr.) ; 6(único)dezembro 2014. graf, ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-964724

RESUMO

O objetivo deste estudo, in vitro, foi analisar a variação do pH de três pastas à base de Ca(OH)2 e de cada um de seus componentes. Foram formados quatro grupos teste: GI: Ca(OH)2 + propilenoglicol (PG) + Aloe vera; GII: Ca(OH)2 + PG + paramonoclorofenol canforado (PMCC); GIII: Ca(OH)2 + PG + clorexidina 2% e grupo controle (água destilada). As pastas foram depositadas em frascos contendo 15 ml de água destilada e estes armazenados em estufa a 37° C. A mensuração do pH foi realizada em 7 intervalos de tempo. Os grupos testados apresentaram crescimento exponencial dos valores de pH registrados até 24 h e estabilização em 14 dias. Os controles apresentaram valores de pH inferiores em relação aos demais grupos (p<0,05 ­ ANOVA). A partir de t = 24 h, GII e GIII apresentaram maiores valores de pH em relação a GI (p<0,05 ­ Bonferroni). Numa segunda etapa, foram formados cinco grupos com os componentes individuais de cada pasta: GIc ­ clorexidina líquida 2%; GIIc ­ PG; GIIIc ­ PMCC; GIVc ­ hidróxido de cálcio P.A.; GVc ­ Aloe vera. GIVc e GVc apresentaram, respectivamente, os maiores e menores valores de pH registrados até o final do experimento (12,63 e 5,54). Conclui-se que o pH das pastas de Ca(OH)2 pode variar em função da sua composição, porém sempre se mantendo alcalino, mesmo quando associada à Aloe vera, cujo pH ácido foi registrado no presente estudo. No entanto, uma maior alcalinidade foi apresentada pelas pastas contendo clorexidina ou PMCC em sua composição.


The objective of this study, in vitro, was to analyze the variation of the pH of threeCa(OH)2 - based pastes and each of its components. There were four groups test: GI: Ca(OH)2 + propylene glycol (PG) + Aloe vera; GII: Ca(OH)2 + PG + camphorated paramonochlorophenol (CMCP); GIII: Ca(OH)2 + PG + 2% chlorhexidine and control group (distilled water). The pastes were deposited in vials containing 15 ml of distilled water and stored in a 37° C incubator. The measurement of pH was performed in 7 time intervals.The groups tested showed exponential growth of pH values recorded up to 24 h and stabilization in 14 days. The controls showed pH values lower than the other groups (p<0.05 ­ ANOVA). From t = 24 h, GII and GIII had higher levels of pH compared to GI (p<0.05 - Bonferroni). Subsequently, five groups were formed with the individual components of each paste: GIc - 2% chlorhexidine liquid; GIIc - PG; GIIIc - CMCP; GIVc - calcium hydroxide; GVc - Aloe vera. GIVc and GVc showed, respectively, the highest and lowest pH values recorded by the end of the experiment (12.63 and 5.54). It was concluded that the pH of Ca(OH)2 pastes may change depending on their composition, but always remained alkaline, even when associated with Aloe vera, whose acidic pH was recorded in this study. However, a higher alkalinity was presented by pastes containing chlorhexidine or CMCP in its composition.


Assuntos
Hidróxido de Cálcio/análise , Aloe , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas In Vitro , Endodontia , Fitoterapia
16.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 43(4): 228-235, July-Aug/2014. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-714864

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: O Mineral Trióxido Agregado (MTA) é composto por cimento Portland (CP) e um radiopacificador (óxido de bismuto). OBJETIVO: Avaliar tempo de presa, solubilidade, pH, liberação de íons Cálcio e radiopacidade do cimento Portland puro ou associado a quatro radiopacificadores (sulfato de bário, carbonato de bismuto, óxido de bismuto e iodofórmio), comparados ao MTA branco (Angelus, Londrina, Brasil). MATERIAL E MÉTODO: A proporção empregada CP/radiopacificador foi de 4:1 em peso, (80% de cimento Portland e 20% de radiopacificador). A especificação 57 da ADA foi usada para avaliação do tempo de presa. A solubilidade foi analisada segundo a especificação ISO 6876/2001. A avaliação do pH foi realizada com peagâmetro digital e a liberação de íons Ca++foi verificada por meio de espectrofotômetro de absorção atômica. A radiopacidade foi determinada em milímetros de alumínio (mm/Al). Os resultados foram submetidos aos testes de Análise de Variância e Tukey, nível de significância 5%. RESULTADO: O sulfato de bário não alterou o tempo de presa final do CP. Radiopacidade inferior ao mínimo recomendado pelas normas da ADA nº 57 e ISO 6876/2001 foi observada para CP e CP associado com sulfato de bário. O CP associado ao iodofórmio apresentou solubilidade acima dos 3% recomendados pela ISO 6876/2001. Todos os materiais proporcionaram alcalinização do meio e promoveram liberação de íons cálcio. CONCLUSÃO: Carbonato de bismuto ou óxido de bismuto proporcionaram tempo de presa inicial, solubilidade, pH, liberação de íons Cálcio e radiopacidade adequados quando associados ao CP. .


INTRODUCTION: Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) is composed of Portland cement (PC), and a radiopacifier (bismuth oxide). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the setting time, solubility, pH, calcium ion release and radiopacity of pure Portland cement and its association to four radiopacifiers, (Barium sulfate, bismuth carbonate, bismuth oxide and iodoform), and White MTA (Angelus, Londrina, Brazil). MATERIAL AND METHOD: The ratio CP/radiopacifier used was 4:1 by weight (80% Portland cement and 20% radiopacifier). The setting time was evaluated according the specification ADA 57. The solubility was analyzed according to ISO 6876/2001 specification. The pH was evaluated using a digital pHmeter and the release of Ca++ ions by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The radiopacity was measured in millimeters of aluminum (mm/Al). The results were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey tests using 5% of significance level. RESULT: Barium sulfate did not alter the final setting time of the PC. Observed radiopacity was less than the minimum recommended by ADA 57 and ISO 6876/2001 for CP and CP associated with barium sulfate. The PC associated with iodoform showed solubility above the 3% recommended by ISO 6876/2001. All materials provided alkalinization and promoted calcium ion release. CONCLUSION: Bismuth carbonate and bismuth oxide provided proper initial setting time, solubility, pH, calcium ion release and radiopacity when combined with CP. .

17.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 2(3): 337-340, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24772297

RESUMO

Oral mucositis is a condition that is characterized by ulcerative lesions in the mucosa of patients undergoing radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Oral mucositis is currently considered to be the most severe complication of anticancer therapy, affecting 40-80% of patients undergoing chemotherapy and almost all those undergoing radiotherapy of the head and neck. Although they do not prevent lesions from appearing, drugs for the treatment of oral mucositis are required to minimize its clinical aggressiveness and improve the nutritional status, hydration and quality of life of the affected patients. Furthermore, the prevention and control of oral ulcers is crucial for cancer prognosis, since the establishment of severe lesions may lead to temporary or permanent treatment discontinuation and compromise cancer control. The objective of this study was to present a review on this condition, its causes and its treatment to professional clinical dentists, in order to help minimize patient suffering. A search was conducted through PubMed, Lilacs and MedLine, to retrieve related articles published between 1994 and 2013.

18.
RFO UPF ; 19(1)abr. 2014.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-726469

RESUMO

Objetivo: Através de uma revisão de literatura, o pre-sente estudo tem como objetivo apontar alguns parâ-metros para a aplicação da terapia fotodinâmica (PDT) na endodontia, uma vez que esses são muitos e com alto grau de variação entre as diversas pesquisas já rea-lizadas. Revisão de literatura: A terapia fotodinâmica (PDT) tem sido proposta como uma terapia adjuvante ao tratamento endodôntico com o intuito de eliminar os microrganismos presentes no sistema de canais ra-diculares resistentes ao preparo químico mecânico. A PDT, ou desinfecção fotoativada, consiste na asso-ciação da tríade agente fotossensibilizador, luz com comprimento de onda específico e oxigênio, gerando espécies reativas capazes de penetrar nas células da microflora patogênica, destruindo-as. A aplicação des-sa tecnologia promissora apresenta diversas variáveis, como o corante a ser utilizado, o tipo de luz ou o tem-po de irradiação. Considerações finais: Os resultados dos estudos apresentados nesta revisão apontam que a PDT tem contribuído de forma efetiva para melhorar a descontaminação do sistema de canais radiculares e, consequentemente, para elevação da taxa de sucesso da terapia endodôntica

19.
J Endod ; 39(12): 1620-4, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24238460

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This in vitro study compared cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) exam with different voxel sizes with digital periapical radiography in the detection of vertical root fractures in teeth with and without intracanal metallic posts. METHODS: Eighteen single-rooted human teeth were endodontically treated, prepared for cast metal posts, and artificially fractured. After positioning the teeth in dry mandibular sockets, the samples were subjected twice (with and without posts) to digital periapical radiography at 3 different angles and to CBCT examinations with 2 voxel sizes, 0.125 and 0.25 mm. The images were evaluated by 3 oral radiologists. Indices of sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values, in addition to the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (accuracy), were calculated. Comparison of the accuracy of the imaging methods was assessed by using the χ(2) test. Comparison of the accuracy between teeth with and without posts was determined by using the Fisher exact test. RESULTS: The accuracy of the imaging methods showed no significant differences (P = .08). The comparison between teeth with and without posts in each examination revealed significant differences for CBCT with a voxel of 0.125 mm (P = .04) and for periapical radiography (P = .04). CONCLUSIONS: No significant differences were observed between CBCT and periapical radiography in the detection of vertical root fractures, except for teeth with metallic posts in images from CBCT with a voxel of 0.125 mm and in digital periapical radiography. Furthermore, voxel size did not significantly influence the diagnosis of vertical root fractures.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/estatística & dados numéricos , Ligas Dentárias/química , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular/instrumentação , Radiografia Interproximal/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiografia Dentária Digital/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas dos Dentes/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/lesões , Área Sob a Curva , Artefatos , Ligas de Cromo/química , Dente Canino/lesões , Reações Falso-Positivas , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/estatística & dados numéricos , Incisivo/lesões , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente não Vital/diagnóstico por imagem
20.
Braz Dent J ; 24(3): 289-94, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23969922

RESUMO

This paper describes the autologous transplantation of a mandibular right third molar to replace the residual roots of the second molar in the same quadrant, preserving function and aesthetics. A 5-year clinical and radiographic follow-up was undertaken. After transplantation, the donor tooth received endodontic treatment and placement of calcium hydroxide, which was periodically replaced every 3 months until the filling of the root canals, totalizing a period of 1-year, when apical closure was confirmed. The tooth was in perfect functional and aesthetic conditions 5 years after beginning of treatment. Autotransplantation is a feasible option for replacing missing teeth when a donor tooth is available. The autotransplantation of a right mandibular third molar with compromised function and aesthetics to replace the residual roots resulting from coronal destruction due to extensive carious lesion of the second molar in the same quadrant was a viable treatment alternative.


Assuntos
Autoenxertos/transplante , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Dente Serotino/transplante , Apexificação/métodos , Hidróxido de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Ápice Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Raiz Dentária/cirurgia , Alvéolo Dental/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
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