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1.
Arch Esp Urol ; 72(6): 596-601, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31274125

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We researched to detect the optimal method for evaluating stone volume, by comparing the ellipsoid formula and 3D reconstructed volume to gold standard of water displacement volume using 3D printed models. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed out patient database and evaluated 27 patients who had percutaneous nephrolithotripsy. From the DICOM data of patient's preoperative CT images, stone structures were obtained using an image identification system. All DICOM files were saved in the stereolithography file format and a 3D printed model was created. True stone volume was found by water displacement method using this model and this volume compared with ellipsoid formula and 3D-reconstructed volume. RESULTS: Stone volume on water displacement ranged from 0.38-29.8cm3 with a median of 17.5cm3, stone volume on ellipsoid formula ranged from 0.46-34.7cm3 with a median of 19.6cm3 and stone volume on CT based 3D-reconstructed ranged from 0.48-31.8cm3 with a median of 18.9cm3. There was a significant difference between ellipsoid formula and water displacement ( p <   0.0001 ); however, there was no difference between 3D-reconstructed volume and water displacement ( p = 0.051 ). CONCLUSION: Stone volume calculation using CT based 3D-reconstructed algorithm improves the accuracy of stone volume estimation and this measurement is superior to ellipsoid formula.

2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 621-628, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012317

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH) D) levels and acquired premature ejaculation (PE). Materials and Methods: A total of 97 patients with acquired PE and 64 healthy men as a control group selected from volunteers without PE attending our Andrology Outpatient Clinic between November 2016 and April 2017 were included the study. All patients were considered to have acquired PE if they fulfilled the criteria of the second Ad Hoc International Society for Sexual Medicine Committee. Premature ejaculation diagnostic tool questionnaires were used to assessment of PE and all participants were instructed to record intravaginal ejaculatory latency time. Vitamin D levels were evaluated in all participants using high performance liquid chromatography method included in the study. Results: Compared to men without PE, the patients with acquired PE had significantly lower 25 (OH) D levels (12.0 ± 4.5 ng/mL vs. 18.2 ± 7.4 ng/mL, p < 0.001). In the logistic regression analysis, 25 (OH) D was found to be an independent risk factor for acquired PE, with estimated odds ratios (95% CI) of 0.639 (0.460-0.887, p = 0.007) and the area under curve of the ROC curve of 25 (OH) D diagnosing acquired PE was 0.770 (95% CI: 0.695 to 0.844, p < 0.001). The best cut-off value was 16 ng/mL with a sensitivity of 60.9%, specificity of 83.5%, PPV of 70.9%, and NPV of 76.4% to indicate acquired PE. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that lower vitamin D levels are associated with the acquired PE. The result of our study showed that the role of serum vitamin D levels should be investigate in the etiology of acquired PE. Perhaps supplementation of vitamin D in men with acquired PE will ameliorate the sexual health of these patients.

3.
J Sex Med ; 16(7): 992-998, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31103482

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Even though lifelong premature ejaculation (PE) is highly prevalent, few studies have investigated the neural mechanisms underlying PE. AIM: This study aimed to investigate whether patients with lifelong PE exhibit macrostructural or microstructural alterations of the parts of the brain involved in the male sexual response. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 42 healthy participants and 54 lifelong PE patients. Lifelong PE was diagnosed according to the Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT) and intravaginal ejaculation latency time (IELT). We compared measures of cortical morphology, such as volumes of gray matter, white matter, cerebellum volumes, and subcortical structures (ie, amygdala, caudate, hippocampus, globus pallidus, putamen, and thalamus) between the groups using a voxel-based morphometry method from whole-brain T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. Moreover, we evaluated the relationships between the relevant cerebral alterations and the severity of symptoms obtained from participants via self-reported questionnaires. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cerebral macrostructural and microstructural alterations were assessed in PE patients and controls, along with the correlation of caudate nucleus changes in PE patients with clinical data (including the PEDT and the IELT). RESULTS: The mean volume of the caudate nucleus was significantly larger in the lifelong PE patients compared with healthy controls (P = .048). Moreover, caudate nucleus volume was positively correlated with PEDT score (r = 0.621; P = .0179) and negatively correlated with the IELT (r = -0.592; P = .0101). However, cortex morphology and the other subcortical volumes were not significantly different between the 2 groups (P > .05). CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Microstructural alterations in deep gray matter nuclei might be a useful parameter for studying the mechanism of the neurobiology underlying PE. STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS: There are few studies examining microstructural changes in PE patients. This study furthers our understanding of the etiology of PE. Limitations include the small sample, which limits our ability to make an absolute determination as to whether such subcortical changes are the cause or the consequence of lifelong PE. CONCLUSIONS: We found a significant difference in caudate nucleus volume between patients with PE and healthy controls. In addition, the caudate nucleus volume was positively associated with the severity of PE symptoms. More extensive and possibly longitudinal studies are needed to improve our understanding of the mechanism of the neurobiology underlying PE. Atalay HA, Sonkaya AR, Ozbir S, et al. Are There Differences in Brain Morphology in Patients with Lifelong Premature Ejaculation? J Sex Med 2019;16:992-998.

4.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(3): 621-628, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31063279

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH) D) levels and acquired premature ejaculation (PE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 97 patients with acquired PE and 64 healthy men as a control group selected from volunteers without PE attending our Andrology Outpatient Clinic between November 2016 and April 2017 were included the study. All patients were considered to have acquired PE if they fulfilled the criteria of the second Ad Hoc International Society for Sexual Medicine Committee. Premature ejaculation diagnostic tool questionnaires were used to assessment of PE and all participants were instructed to record intravaginal ejaculatory latency time. Vitamin D levels were evaluated in all participants using high performance liquid chromatography method included in the study. RESULTS: Compared to men without PE, the patients with acquired PE had significantly lower 25 (OH) D levels (12.0 ± 4.5 ng/mL vs. 18.2 ± 7.4 ng/mL, p < 0.001). In the logistic regression analysis, 25 (OH) D was found to be an independent risk factor for acquired PE, with estimated odds ratios (95% CI) of 0.639 (0.460-0.887, p = 0.007) and the area under curve of the ROC curve of 25 (OH) D diagnosing acquired PE was 0.770 (95% CI: 0.695 to 0.844, p < 0.001). The best cut-off value was 16 ng/mL with a sensitivity of 60.9%, specificity of 83.5%, PPV of 70.9%, and NPV of 76.4% to indicate acquired PE. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that lower vitamin D levels are associated with the acquired PE. The result of our study showed that the role of serum vitamin D levels should be investigate in the etiology of acquired PE. Perhaps supplementation of vitamin D in men with acquired PE will ameliorate the sexual health of these patients.


Assuntos
Ejaculação Precoce/sangue , Ejaculação Precoce/etiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Testosterona/sangue , Vitamina D/sangue , Adulto Jovem
5.
Turk J Urol ; : 1-6, 2018 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30484766

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Medical questionnaires, which enable collection, comparison and analysis of appropriate data as a means of written communication between a patient and a doctor, must be easily readable, and understandable. Here, we measure the readability and understandability of questionnaires used in andrology and examine the relationship between the educational status of the patients and the understandability of the forms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seven questionnaires used to diagnose andological diseases were selected from the European Association of Urology guidelines. The number of syllables per word, the number of words in a sentence, and the average word and sentence lengths were calculated for each Turkish validated form. Readability scores were calculated, and closet tests were used to measure the understandability of the texts. RESULTS: Three hundred and twenty-seven male volunteers participated in the study. Two hundred and sixteen of the participants (66%) had a high school or college education. The readability level of the seven forms was determined to be "Difficult" or "Very Difficult," and at least a high school education level was required to understand the forms. As education level and monthly income increased, the understandability of the forms increased; as the readability of the forms became more difficult, their understandability decreased (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The readability levels of questionnaires used in andrology are well above the reading level of Turkey. Health providers can help patients to fill out forms to increase doctor-patient communication.

6.
Urologia ; 85(2): 46-50, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30043712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To examine the role of serum procalcitonin as a biomarker for the detection of prostate cancer in patients with a serum prostate-specific antigen less than 20.0 ng/mL. METHODS: The prospective study included patients with a prostate-specific antigen level of 2-20 ng/mL, who underwent prostate biopsy. Clinical and pathological data such as age, prostate volume, prostate-specific antigen, procalcitonin, and Gleason score were reviewed. All patients were divided into three groups with total prostate-specific antigen level between 2 and 4 ng/mL, 4.1 and 10 ng/mL, and 10.1 and 20 ng/mL. RESULTS: Of 227 patients who underwent biopsy, prostate cancer was diagnosed in 74 (32.6%) patients and the remaining 153 patients had a benign condition. The difference in mean serum procalcitonin values was significantly higher in the prostate cancer compared with the benign group (0.06 ± 0.03 vs 0.04 ± 0.03 ng/mL; p = 0.0001). Using a threshold of 0.045 ng/mL, procalcitonin was 54.1% sensitive and 80.3% specific (area under curve = 0.683). Serum procalcitonin levels were not able to differentiate between prostate cancer patients with prostate-specific antigen level of 2-4, 4.1-10, and 10.1-20 ng/mL. CONCLUSION: Based on this prospective study, procalcitonin can be a novel supplementary biomarker to increase the accuracy of prostate cancer screening.

7.
Turk J Urol ; : 1-6, 2018 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29799402

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We validated the Turkish version of the Wisconsin Stone-Quality of Life (WISQoL) questionnaire for male and female patients with kidney stones. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Turkish version of the WISQoL questionnaire was developed following a well-established multistep process. A total of 84 patients with kidney stones completed the Turkish WISQoL questionnaire, including the other validated questionnaires as The Short Form Health Survey (SF-36 v2) and Beck's Depression Inventory. Patients completed questionnaires before percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) surgery as well as 2-4 weeks after surgery. Reliability was evaluated by internal consistency (tested by Cronbach's alfa) and test-retest reliability between week 2 and 4 (tested by Spearman correlation). Domain structures were examined by interdomain correlations using Spearman correlation coefficient. Convergent validity was assessed by correlating the scores of general health domain to the SF-36 v2, and the scores of emotional impact domain to the Beck's Depression Inventory questionnaire. Sensitivity to change was assessed by comparing scores before and after PNL surgery with the Wilcoxon signed rank test. Discriminant validity was evaluated by comparing the results of patients 2 and 4 weeks after surgery with Wilcoxon-rank sum tests. RESULTS: The Turkish version of the WISQoL demonstrates good internal consistency (Cronbach's α=0.72-0.78) and test-retest reliability (p>0.05). Inter-domain associations within the WISQOL showed a substantial correlation between various WISQoL domains, indicating a high conceptual relationship between the domains. Also, the Turkish version of the WISQoL showed convergent validity with the corresponding validated questionnaires (Spearman's rho correlation coefficient=0.44-0.78). All domains of the WISQoL showed significant sensitivity to change (p≤0.001). CONCLUSION: The Turkish version of the WISQoL is a generally reliable instrument that can be self-administered by Turkish patients with kidney stones in clinical and research settings. Further clinical studies in Turkish settings would be useful to provide powerful data on sensitivity to change.

8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(2): 288-295, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-892984

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose To assess the relationship between De Ritis (aspartate aminotransaminase [AST]/Alanine aminotransaminase [ALT]) ratio and pathological variables and whether it is an independent prognostic factor. Materials and Methods We analyzed 298 consecutive patients who underwent radical or partial nephrectomy for non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) between 2006 and 2015. The association between De Ritis ratio and pathological variables including tumor size, presence of renal vein invasion, vena cava invasion, renal capsule infiltration, Gerota fascia invasion, renal sinus involvement, renal pelvic invasion, angiolymphatic invasion, adrenal gland involvement, lymph node involvement, tumor necrosis, and Fuhrman's grade was tested. Multivariable Cox analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of this ratio on overall survival and cancer-specific survival. Results An increased preoperative De Ritis ratio was significantly associated with renal vein invasion, renal capsule infiltration and renal pelvis involvement (p<0.05) in non-metastatic RCC. On multivariate analysis we found that tumor size, Fuhrman grade and lymph node involvement were independent prognostic factors for cancer-specific survival. AST/ALT ratio had no influence on the risk of overall and cancer-specific survival. Conclusion An increased preoperative AST/ALT ratio had a significant association with renal vein invasion, renal capsule infiltration and renal pelvis involvement in patients with non-metastatic RCC. However, it does not appear to be an independent prognostic marker in non-metastatic RCC.

9.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 50(4): 633-637, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29497891

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective, observational study was to investigate the relationship between premature ejaculation (PE) and female sexual response cycle, using the female sexual function index (FSFI). The FSFI evaluates female sexual function in six domains: desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. METHODS: All men were considered to have PE if they fulfilled the criteria of the second Ad Hoc International Society for Sexual Medicine (ISSM) Committee. All men were also assessed by the Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT) and intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) using stopwatch which was held by the partner. All women completed the FSFI. RESULTS: A total of 181 couples who had regular sexual intercourse with one partner for the past 6 months were enrolled the study. By the definition of ISSM Committee, there were 117 men with PE and 64 men without PE. Partners of men with PE had significantly lower total FSFI scores than did partners of men without PE (21.8 ± 3.5 for PE and 26.4 ± 3.1 for non-PE, p < 0.001). Moreover, all the domains of the FSFI scoring system were separately associated with PE. According to the mean FSFI scores, the 48.43% of women had sexual dysfunction in the non-PE group, and all women had sexual dysfunction in PE group. CONCLUSION: PE is associated with female sexual dysfunction and all of the female sexual dysfunction domains, as determined by FSFI scores.


Assuntos
Nível de Alerta , Orgasmo , Dor , Satisfação Pessoal , Ejaculação Precoce/fisiopatologia , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Coito , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Parceiros Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
10.
Int Braz J Urol ; 44(2): 288-295, 2018 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29211398

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between De Ritis (aspartate aminotransaminase [AST]/Alanine aminotransaminase [ALT]) ratio and pathological variables and whether it is an independent prognostic factor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 298 consecutive patients who underwent radical or partial nephrectomy for non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) between 2006 and 2015. The association between De Ritis ratio and pathological variables including tumor size, presence of renal vein invasion, vena cava invasion, renal capsule infiltration, Gerota fascia invasion, renal sinus involvement, renal pelvic invasion, angiolymphatic invasion, adrenal gland involvement, lymph node involvement, tumor necrosis, and Fuhrman's grade was tested. Multivariable Cox analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of this ratio on overall survival and cancer-specific survival. RESULTS: An increased preoperative De Ritis ratio was significantly associated with renal vein invasion, renal capsule infiltration and renal pelvis involvement (p<0.05) in non-metastatic RCC. On multivariate analysis we found that tumor size, Fuhrman grade and lymph node involvement were independent prognostic factors for cancerspecific survival. AST/ALT ratio had no influence on the risk of overall and cancerspecific survival. CONCLUSION: An increased preoperative AST/ALT ratio had a significant association with renal vein invasion, renal capsule infiltration and renal pelvis involvement in patients with non-metastatic RCC. However, it does not appear to be an independent prognostic marker in non-metastatic RCC.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Renais/enzimologia , Neoplasias Renais/enzimologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Análise de Sobrevida
11.
Urolithiasis ; 46(3): 303-309, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28646306

RESUMO

We analyzed our stone-free rates of PNL with regard to stone burden and its ratio to the renal collecting system volume. Data of 164 patients who underwent PNL were analyzed retrospectively. Volume segmentation of renal collecting system and stones were done using 3D segmentation software with the images obtained from CT data. Analyzed stone volume (ASV) and renal collecting system volume (RCSV) were measured and the ASV-to-RCSV ratio was calculated after the creation of a 3D surface volume rendering of renal stones and the collecting system. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were performed to determine factors affecting stone-free rates; also we assessed the predictive accuracy of the ASV-to-RCSV ratio using the receiving operating curve (ROC) and AUC. The stone-free rate of PNL monotherapy was 53% (164 procedures).The ASV-to-RCSV ratio and calyx number with stones were the most influential predictors of stone-free status (OR 4.15, 95% CI 2.24-7.24, <0.001, OR 2.62, 95% CI 1.38-4.97, p < 0.001, respectively). Other factors associated with the stone-free rate were maximum stone size (p < 0.029), stone surface area (p < 0.010), and stone burden volume (p < 0.001). Predictive accuracy of the ASV-to-RCSV ratio was AUC 0.76. Stone burden volume distribution in the renal collecting system, which is calculated using the 3D volume segmentation method, is a significant determinant of the stone-free rate before PCNL surgery. It could be used as a single guide variable by the clinician before renal stone surgery to predict extra requirements for stone clearance.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/métodos , Adulto , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Rim/cirurgia , Cálculos Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Prostate Int ; 5(3): 104-109, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28828353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of poor glycemic control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentrations in men. METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis of 215 consecutive patients affected by erectile dysfunction (ED). ED was evaluated using the IIEF-5 questionnaire and the poor glycemic control (PGC) of T2DM was assessed according to the HbA1c criteria (International Diabetes Federation). Patients were divided into PGC group (HbA1c ≥ 7%) and control group (CG) (HbA1c < 6%). Correlations between serum HbA1c levels and various variables were evaluated and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to identify variables for PGC. RESULTS: We compared 110 cases to 105 controls men ranging from 44 to 81 years of age, lower PSA concentrations were observed in men with PGC (PGC mean PSA: 0.9 ng/dl, CG mean PSA: 2.1 ng/dl, p < 0.001). Also mean prostate volume was 60% was smaller among men with PGC compared with men with CG (PGC mean prostate volume: 26 ml, CG prostate volume: 43 ml, p < 0.001). A strong negative correlation was found between serum HbA1c levels and serum PSA (p < 0.001 and r = -0.665) concentrations in men with PGC. We also found at the multivariate logistic regression model that PSA, prostate volume and peak systolic velocity were independent predictors of PGC. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that there is significant impact of PGC on serum PSA levels in T2DM. Poor glycemic control of type 2 diabetes was associated with lower serum PSA levels and smaller prostate volumes.

13.
Prostate Int ; 5(2): 59-64, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28593168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate men, with lower urinary tract symptoms and newly elevated serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) to determine whether a three-week course of ciprofloxacin antibiotics lowers serum PSA levels and affects recommendations for prostate biopsy. METHODS: A prospective, controlled, single-center prospective trial of 177 men with a newly elevated PSA and lower urinary tract symptoms was conducted. Patients were randomized to three weeks of ciprofloxacin or observation. After three weeks, patients PSA levels and derivatives were repeated. At the end of 3 weeks, all patients underwent TRUS guided systematic 12-core prostate biopsies regardless of the final PSA value. RESULTS: Of 177 men who completed the study, 88 were in the treatment and 89 in the observation group. 46.5% of treatment and %18 of control groups patients PSA levels had decreased after 3 weeks and a significant PSA reduction was observed in the treatment group compare to control group (p: 0.035) but no significant prostate cancer detection rates were observed between the groups (p: 0.418). Also, in the treatment group prostate cancer detection rate was significantly higher in patients whom PSA levels were decreased (p: 0.011). CONCLUSION: This study has shown that, use empirical antibiotic treatment decreased the PSA levels but did not have any effect on prostate cancer detection. In addition, prostate cancer detection rates were found to be higher in patients with reduced PSA levels after treatment. Therefore, it may not be safe to rule out biopsies in patients who achieve a satisfactory PSA response to antibiotics.

14.
World J Mens Health ; 35(1): 51-56, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28459146

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of seminal parameters with the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), which are inflammatory markers, in men with an abnormal semen analysis and men with normozoospermia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-seven men with abnormal semen analyses and 59 men with normozoospermia were included in this cross-sectional study. A complete blood count was recorded, and the NLR and PLR were calculated from the hematologic parameters. RESULTS: The NLR was 1.84±0.78 in the normozoospermic group and 1.80±0.75 in the abnormal semen analysis group. The PLR was 95.32±35.47 in the normozoospermic group and 93.57±28.09 in the abnormal semen analysis group. No significant differences were found between the normozoospermic and the abnormal semen analysis group in the NLR (p=0.828) or the PLR (p=0.768). In addition, no seminal parameters were correlated with the NLR or the PLR (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We do not recommend using the NLR or the PLR as markers to screen for abnormal semen parameters or male infertility.

15.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(2): 311-316, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-840823

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose Premature ejaculation is considered the most common type of male sexual dysfunction. Hormonal controls of ejaculation have not been exactly elucidated. The aim of our study is to investigate the role of hormonal factors in patients with premature ejaculation. Materials and Methods Sixty-three participants who consulted our outpatient clinics with complaints of premature ejaculation and 39 healthy men as a control group selected from volunteers were included in the study. A total of 102 sexual active men aged between 21 and 76 years were included. Premature ejaculation diagnostic tool questionnaires were used to assessment of premature ejaculation. Serum levels of follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, prolactin, total and free testosterone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, free triiodothyronine and thyroxine were measured. Results Thyroid-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and prolactin levels were significantly lower in men with premature ejaculation according to premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (p=0.017, 0.007 and 0.007, respectively). Luteinizing hormone level (OR, 1.293; p=0.014) was found to be an independent risk factor for premature ejaculation. Conclusions Luteinizing hormone, prolactin, and thyroid-stimulating hormone levels are associated with premature ejaculation which was diagnosed by premature ejaculation diagnostic tool questionnaires. The relationship between these findings have to be determined by more extensive studies.

16.
Int Braz J Urol ; 43(2): 311-316, 2017 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27619666

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Premature ejaculation is considered the most common type of male sexual dysfunction. Hormonal controls of ejaculation have not been exactly elucidated. The aim of our study is to investigate the role of hormonal factors in patients with premature ejaculation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-three participants who consulted our outpatient clinics with complaints of premature ejaculation and 39 healthy men as a control group selected from volunteers were included in the study. A total of 102 sexual active men aged between 21 and 76 years were included. Premature ejaculation diagnostic tool questionnaires were used to assessment of premature ejaculation. Serum levels of follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, prolactin, total and free testosterone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, free triiodothyronine and thyroxine were measured. RESULTS: Thyroid-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and prolactin levels were significantly lower in men with premature ejaculation according to premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (p=0.017, 0.007 and 0.007, respectively). Luteinizing hormone level (OR, 1.293; p=0.014) was found to be an independent risk factor for premature ejaculation. CONCLUSIONS: Luteinizing hormone, prolactin, and thyroid-stimulating hormone levels are associated with premature ejaculation which was diagnosed by premature ejaculation diagnostic tool questionnaires. The relationship between these findings have to be determined by more extensive studies.


Assuntos
Hormônios/sangue , Ejaculação Precoce/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Hipertireoidismo/complicações , Hipertireoidismo/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ejaculação Precoce/etiologia , Ejaculação Precoce/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Valores de Referência , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 48(11): 1789-1795, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27522658

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess female sexual functions in women who were affected by vitamin D3 deficiency. METHODS: A total of 50 women with FSD and 58 healthy women controls were included in the study, according to the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire using a 26.55 cutoff value. Detailed medical histories were obtained from all sexual active women, and all women were evaluated in terms of possible presence of depression with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin, total and free testosterone, estradiol, dehydroepiandrosterone-SO4 (DHEA-SO4), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), free thyroxine (fT4), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels were measured. RESULTS: Mean age of premenopausal women was 34.9 ± 6.3 years. The level of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 was significantly lower in women with FSD compared with the controls (15.9 ± 8.4 and 26.3 ± 11.7 nmol/L, respectively). Desire (p = 0.0001), arousal (p = 0.0001), lubrication (p = 0.002), orgasm (p = 0.0001), satisfaction (p = 0.018), and pain (p = 0.010) domain scores were also correlated with the levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3. The BDI score showed a significant negative correlation with the total FSFI score (r = -0.492, p = 0.0001). The FSFI score not showed a significant correlation with the hormones (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: There is a relationship with FSD and deficiency of vitamin D3. Also, increased depressive symptoms were associated with FSD.


Assuntos
Colecalciferol/deficiência , Hormônios/sangue , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/sangue , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Nível de Alerta/fisiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Dispareunia/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Orgasmo/fisiologia , Pré-Menopausa , Estudos Prospectivos , Globulina de Ligação a Hormônio Sexual/metabolismo , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 31(2): 90-5, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25645987

RESUMO

Erectile dysfunction (ED) and urinary incontinence after bilateral nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (BNSRP) still remain major causes of morbidity. Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-Is) have a role in the treatment of ED after BNSRP. Several studies in patients with ED and lower urinary tract symptoms demonstrated that PDE5-Is could improve both erectile function and urinary symptoms. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacies of two dosing regimens of 20 mg tadalafil (on-demand and 3 times per week) and to assess the role of tadalafil in recovery of erectile function and continence after BNSRP. We conducted a single-center, prospective, randomized controlled trial of three times per week versus on-demand tadalafil 20 mg and a control group after BNSRP. A total of 129 preoperatively potent and continent patients were included in the study. The patients were evaluated at 6 weeks and 12 months postoperatively for erectile function and continence status. There was no significant difference between all three groups with respect to erectile function at 6 weeks after the surgery. Twelve months after the surgery, the International Index of Erectile Function score was significantly higher in the group using tadalafil 20 mg three times per week. However, there was no significant difference between the treated groups and the control group with respect to the continence status at 12 months after the surgery. There was no correlation between incontinence and ED after the surgery in all groups. Tadalafil 20 mg three times per week is an efficacious and well-tolerated treatment option for ED after BNSRP. Treatment with 20 mg tadalafil either three times per week or on demand cannot improve continence recovery after BNSRP compared with the control group.


Assuntos
Carbolinas/administração & dosagem , Disfunção Erétil/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 5/administração & dosagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Incontinência Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Esquema de Medicação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ereção Peniana/efeitos dos fármacos , Período Pós-Operatório , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Tadalafila , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Korean J Urol ; 56(1): 76-81, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25598940

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Many patients admitted for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have chronic renal insufficiency and erectile dysfunction (ED). This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between ED and the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in patients with coronary artery disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 183 patients undergoing coronary angiography owing to AMI. The GFR was calculated and the International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) was used to evaluate ED. The relations between erectile function, GFR, and the number of occluded coronary arteries were evaluated. RESULTS: Of 183 patients with a mean age of 55.2±11.16 years who underwent coronary angiography owing to AMI, 100 (54.64%) had ED. The ED rate was 45.36% (44/97) in patients with single-vessel disease, 64.5% (31/48) in patients with two-vessel disease, and 65.7% (25/38) in patients with three-vessel disease. The ED rate in patients with single-vessel disease was significantly lower than in the other groups (p<0.001). The mean IIEF scores were 24.2±4.3, 20.4±4.9, and 20.5±4.2 in the three groups, respectively (p<0.001). Mean GFRs were similar in patients with single-vessel disease, two-vessel disease, and three-vessel disease (128.2±46.8, 130.8±70.9, and 110.8±44.6, respectively, p=0.171). The GFR was significantly lower in the presence of ED only for single-vessel disease (p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed that the presence and severity of ED are linked to the number of occluded vessels as documented by coronary angiography. The presence of ED and reduced GFR are associated with single-vessel coronary artery disease. This relationship can be used to predict the likelihood of coronary artery disease.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Erétil/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
Int Braz J Urol ; 39(4): 465-73, 2013 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24054376

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The correlation between erectile dysfunction (ED) and coronary artery disease has been emphasized and ED has been recognized as a potential independent risk factor and/or predictor of coronary artery disease (CAD). We evaluated the association between the number of occluded coronary arteries in myocardial infarction (MI) patients with the severity of ED, and investigated the influence of related risk factors in our study group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 183 male patients who underwent coronary angiography because of acute MI from November 2009 to May 2011 were included. Following the stabilization of patients after the treatment, each patient was evaluated for erectile functionality. Risk factors such as age, diabetes, smoking, waist circumference, hypertension, and hematologic parameters were recorded. RESULTS: Among 183 patients with a mean age of 55.2 years who underwent coronary angiography due to acute MI, 100 (54.64 %) had ED, while the ED rate was 45.36 % (44/97) in cases of single-vessel disease, 64.5 % (31/48) in cases of two-vessel disease, and 65.7 % (25/38) in cases of three-vessel disease. The mean IIEF score was 24.2 ± 4.3, 20.4 ± 4.9 and 20.5 ± 4.2 for single or two or three-vessel disease, respectively. The presence of hypertension aggravated ED only in patients with three-vessel disease and increased total and LDL cholesterol levels in patients with single-vessel or two-vessel disease were accompanied by significantly decreasing IIEF scores. CONCLUSION: The severity of ED correlated with the number of occluded vessels documented by coronary angiography, in male patients with acute myocardial infarction. In addition, the presence of hypertension had a significant influence over erectile function only in patients with three-vessel occlusion.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Disfunção Erétil/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Erétil/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Circunferência da Cintura
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