Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 244
Filtrar
2.
Cell Death Discov ; 8(1): 25, 2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35031597

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have crucial functions in the tumorigenesis and metastasis of cancers. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification of RNA is an important epigenetic regulatory mechanism in various malignancies. Nevertheless, the mechanism of m6A-modified lncRNA in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has remained poorly defined. In the present study, we showed that lncRNA TRERNA1 was associated with the poor prognosis of DLBCL patients. TRERNA1 with internal m6A modification was highly correlated with the demethylase ALKBH5 expression. We further demonstrated that TRERNA1 was a potential downstream target of ALKBH5-mediated m6A modification by m6A-RNA sequencing and m6A-RIP assays. Decreased m6A methylation of TRERNA1 regulated by ALKBH5 was shown to regulate cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. The results of mechanism analyses revealed that TRERNA1 recruited EZH2 to epigenetically silence the expression of the cyclin-dependent kinases inhibitor p21 by H3K27me3 modification of its promoter region. In addition, ALKBH5 further inhibited p21 expression. Taken together, our results elucidate the functional roles and epigenetic alterations of TRERNA1 through m6A modification in DLBCL. TRERNA1, the expression of which is upregulated by ALKBH5, acts as a scaffold that decreases p21 expression. The results of the present study provide novel targets for the diagnosis and treatment of DLBCL.

3.
NPJ Parkinsons Dis ; 8(1): 11, 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35058467

RESUMO

The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), an inflammatory marker, can predict the prognosis of neurodegenerative diseases. However, the significance of NLR for the prognosis of multiple system atrophy (MSA) has not been reported. We aimed to examine the prognostic significance of NLR in MSA. A total of 169 MSA patients and 163 matched healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled. MSA patients were divided into three groups according to the tertiles of their NLR. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox regression model were used to assessing the effect of NLR on survival. An independent validation cohort of 56 consecutive patients with probable MSA who met the inclusion criteria was included. The NLR was significantly higher in patients with MSA than that in HCs. The survival duration in patients with MSA in group 3 was shorter than that in patients in the other two groups (P = 0.013). In the multivariable Cox regression model, a higher NLR increased the risk of mortality in patients with MSA after adjusting for confounding factors (HR = 1.922, P = 0.035). Additionally, a higher NLR increased the risk of mortality in MSA with predominant cerebellar ataxia (MSA-C) (HR = 2.398, P = 0.033) and in men (HR = 3.483, P = 0.027). The concordance index for the multivariate Cox regression model was more than 0.7 both in the primary cohort and external validation cohort. Patients with MSA had a higher NLR than did HCs. A high NLR increased the risk of mortality with MSA, especially in MSA-C and in men.

4.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(4): 875-880, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472488

RESUMO

The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is considered a robust prognostic biomarker for predicting patient survival outcomes in many diseases. However, it remains unclear whether it can be used as a biomarker for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). To correlate NLR with disease progression and survival in sporadic ALS, 1030 patients with ALS between January 2012 and December 2018 were included in this study. These patients were assigned into three groups according to their NLR values: Group 1 (NLR < 2, n = 544 [52.8%]), Group 2 (NLR = 2-3, n = 314 [30.5%]), and Group 3 (NLR > 3, n = 172 [16.7%]). All patients were followed up until April 2020. Patients in Group 3 had a significantly older onset age, a lower score on the Revised ALS Functional Rating Scale, and rapidly progressing disease conditions. Furthermore, faster disease progression rates were associated with higher NLR values (odds ratio = 1.211, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.090-1.346, P < 0.001) after adjusting for other risk factors. Compared with Groups 1 and 2, the survival time in Group 3 was significantly shorter (log-rank P = 0.002). The NLR value was considered an independent parameter for the prediction of survival in ALS patients after normalizing for all other potential parameters (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.079, 95% CI: 1.016-1.146, P = 0.014). The effects on ALS survival remained significant when adjusted for treatment (HR = 1.074, 95% CI: 1.012-1.141, Ptrend = 0.019) or when considering the stratified NLR value (HR = 1.115, 95% CI: 1.009-1.232, Ptrend = 0.033). Thus, the NLR may help to predict the rate of disease progression and survival in patients with sporadic ALS. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of West China Hospital of Sichuan University, China (approval No. 2015 (236)) on December 23, 2015.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34876346

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disease, but its nutritional problems have not received enough attention. This study aims to identify the prevalence and associated factors of malnutrition in PD patients using two simple nutritional tools. METHODS: We conducted a large-scale cross-sectional study with 1478 PD patients and equal healthy controls (HC). The controlling nutritional status score (CONUT) and geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) were used for malnutrition stratification. RESULTS: By CONUT or GNRI, the prevalence of malnutrition in PD patients was higher than that in HC (40.7% vs. 25.3% and 11.1% vs. 2.1%, respectively). The binary logistic regression model showed that malnutrition in PD was associated with male sex (OR = 0.600, P < 0.001), older age (OR = 1.015, P = 0.003), lower body mass index (BMI) (OR = 0.942, P < 0.001), higher levodopa equivalent daily doses (LEDD) (OR = 1.001, P < 0.001), worse motor symptoms (OR = 1.012, P = 0.004), more serious perceptual problems/hallucinations (OR = 1.067, P = 0.019) by CONUT. In comparison, older age (OR = 1.045, P < 0.001), lower blood lymphocyte count (OR = 0.607, P = 0.006), lower serum total cholesterol levels (OR = 0.991, P < 0.001), dyskinesia (OR = 2.231, P = 0.002), worse motor symptoms (OR = 1.016, P = 0.015), more severe depression (OR = 1.028, P = 0.008) and perceptual problems/hallucinations (OR = 1.061, P = 0.033) were associated with malnutrition in PD by GNRI. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that malnutrition is more prevalent in PD patients than HC. Multidimensional risk factors for malnutrition in PD should be taken seriously.

6.
Front Genet ; 12: 740052, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34868212

RESUMO

Background: CYLD Lysine 63 Deubiquitinase gene (CYLD) was recently identified to be a novel causative gene for frontal temporal dementia (FTD)-amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In the current study, we aimed to (1) systematically screen the mutations of CYLD in a large cohort of Chinese ALS patients, (2) study the genotype-phenotype correlation, and (3) explore the role of CYLD in ALS via rare variants burden analysis. Methods: A total of 978 Chinese sporadic ALS (sALS) patients and 46 familial ALS (fALS) patients were sequenced with whole-exome sequencing and analyzed rare variants in CYLD with minor allele frequency <0.1%. Results: In total, seven rare missense variants in CYLD have been identified in 7 (0.72%) patients among 978 sALS patients. Two (4.3%) rare missense variants were identified among the 46 fALS cases, in which one patient was diagnosed as having comorbidity of ALS and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Moreover, the burden analysis indicated no enrichment of rare variants in CYLD among patients with ALS. Conclusion: In conclusion, our study extended the genotype and phenotype of CYLD in ALS, but the pathogenicity of these variants needs to be further verified. Moreover, burden analysis argued against the role of CYLD in the pathogenesis of ALS. More studies from different ethnicities would be needed.

7.
Front Genet ; 12: 765833, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34868249

RESUMO

Background: The association between inflammation and neurodegeneration has long been observed in parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA). Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and meta-analyses have identified several risk loci in inflammation-associated genes associated with PD. Objective: To investigate whether polymorphisms in some inflammation-associated genes could modulate the risk of developing PD and MSA in a Southwest Chinese population. Methods: A total of 2,706 Chinese subjects comprising 1340 PD, 483 MSA and 883 healthy controls were recruited in the study. Three polymorphisms (rs2074404 GG/GT/TT, rs17425622 CC/CT/TT, rs34043159 CC/CT/TT) in genes linked to inflammation in all the subjects were genotyped by using the Sequenom iPLEX Assay. Results: The allele G of WNT3 rs2074404 can increase risk on PD (OR: 1.048, 95% CI: 1.182-1.333, p = 0.006), exclusively in the LOPD subgroup (OR: 1.166, 95% CI:1.025-1.327, p = 0.019), but not in EOPD or MSA. And the recessive model analysis also demonstrated an increased PD risk in GG genotype of this locus (OR = 1.331, p = 0.007). However, no significant differences were observed in the genotype distributions and alleles of HLA-DRB5 rs17425622 and IL1R2 rs34043159 between the PD patients and controls, between the MSA patients and controls, or between subgroups of PD or MSA and controls. Conclusion: Our results suggested the allele G of WNT3 rs2074404 have an adverse effect on PD and particularly, on the LOPD subgroup among a Chinese population.

8.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 701906, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744684

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the frequency, evolution, associated factors, and risk factors of fatigue over 3-year of prospective follow-up in a cohort of patients with early Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods: A total of 174 PD patients in the early stage were enrolled and quantitively assessed motor and non-motor symptoms using comprehensive scales including the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) annually. Each subject was categorized as PD with and without fatigue based on a cut-off mean value of 4 using FSS. The generalized estimating equation (GEE) was utilized to investigate the associated factors, and the stepwise binary logistic regression model was performed to explore the predictors. Results: The frequency of fatigue was slightly changed (ranging from 35.1 to 40.4%) during the 3-year follow-up. The changed pattern of the frequency of fatigue was similar to that of anxiety. Fatigue was significantly associated with nocturnal sleep disorders (B 2.446, P < 0.001), high Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA) score (B 1.072, P = 0.011), and high Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS) III score (B 1.029, P = 0.003) over time. High UPDRS III score [odds ratio (OR) 1.051, P = 0.015] at baseline increased the risk of developing fatigue after 1-year; high LEDD (OR 1.002, P = 0.037) increased the risk of developing fatigue after 2-year; and high LEDD (OR 1.003, P = 0.049) and high HAMA score (OR 1.077, P = 0.042) increased the risk of developing fatigue after 3-year. Conclusion: Our present study provided evidence of the longitudinal evolution of fatigue in patients with early PD and help clinical management of fatigue.

9.
Mov Disord ; 2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719813

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurofilament light chain (NFL), a potential biomarker of multiple system atrophy (MSA), has been reported in several studies. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate whether plasma NFL levels are correlated with the progression of motor and cognition function in MSA. METHODS: Patients with MSA were part of a prospective cohort study with assessments at baseline and after 1 year. Plasma NFL was quantified using ultrasensitive Simoa technology. RESULTS: A total of 91 patients with MSA and 60 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled. NFL levels increased from baseline to 1-year follow-up (P = 0.010). Baseline plasma NFL levels were significantly associated with motor severity and progression in patients with MSA (P < 0.05) but not with cognitive progression (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma NFL is a reliable biomarker for the disease severity of MSA and monitoring the progression of MSA, but not the progression of cognition. © 2021 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

10.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 749949, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764851

RESUMO

Objective: Vascular risk factors have been reported to be associated with cognitive impairment (CI) in the general population, but their role on CI in multiple system atrophy (MSA) is unclear. This study aimed to explore the relationship between vascular risk factors and CI in patients with MSA. Methods: The clinical data and vascular risk factors were collected. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment tool was used to test the cognitive function of patients with MSA. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between vascular risk factors and CI. Results: A total of 658 patients with MSA with a mean disease duration of 2.55 ± 1.47 years were enrolled. In MSA patients, hypertension was recorded in 20.2%, diabetes mellitus in 10.3%, hyperlipidemia in 10.2%, smoking in 41.2%, drinking in 34.8%, and obesity in 9.6%. The prevalence of CI in patients with MSA, MSA with predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P), and MSA with predominant cerebellar ataxia (MSA-C) was 45.0, 45.1, and 44.9%, respectively. In the binary logistic regression model, patients with more than one vascular risk factors were significantly more likely to have CI in MSA (OR = 4.298, 95% CI 1.456-12.691, P = 0.008) and MSA-P (OR = 6.952, 95% CI 1.390-34.774, P = 0.018), after adjusting for age, sex, educational years, disease duration, and total Unified multiple system atrophy rating scale scores. Conclusion: Multiple vascular risk factors had a cumulative impact on CI in MSA. Therefore, the comprehensive management of vascular risk factors in MSA should not be neglected.

11.
Front Genet ; 12: 740096, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733315

RESUMO

A loss-of-function variant in Lin-28 Homolog A gene (LIN28A p. R192G, rs558060339) has been identified in two East Asian ancestry patients with early-onset PD (EOPD). Functional studies revealed that such a variant could lead to developmental defects and PD-related phenotype, and the phenotypes could be rescued after correction of the variant. The aim of the study was to screen the variants of LIN28A in Chinese patients with EOPD. A total of 682 EOPD patients were sequenced with whole exome sequencing and the coding and flanking region of LIN28A were analyzed. We identified a rare coding variant, p. P182L, of LIN28A in a Chinese patient with EOPD. Moreover, we also found a 3'-UTR polymorphism (rs4659441) to be associated with an increased risk for PD. However, our rare variant burden analysis did not support a role for LIN28A as a major causal gene for PD.

12.
Front Neurol ; 12: 655674, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650501

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to explore the prevalence and clinical correlates of pathological laughter and crying (PLC) in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Methods: A total of 1,031 ALS patients were enrolled between August 2012 and August 2019. The PLC was recorded by a face-to-face interview. Other characteristics of patients, including depression, anxiety, cognition, and behavior function, were also evaluated. The potential associated factors of PLC were explored using forward binary regression analysis. Survival was analyzed in groups using propensity score matching (PSM) and Cox proportional hazards models. Results: The prevalence of PLC was 11.4% in all patients at baseline. Bulbar-onset and female patients had higher prevalence of PLC. The multivariate regression analysis indicated that PLC in ALS was associated with bulbar onset (p < 0.001), late disease stage (p < 0.001), and higher score in the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) (p = 0.012). The higher score of HDRS was significantly and independently associated with PLC occurrence in bulbar-onset patients (p = 0.032). The late disease stage was related to PLC occurrence in spinal-onset patients (p < 0.001). After comparison with matched pairs by using PSM, PLC at baseline had no impact on survival. Conclusion: PLC was not uncommon in ALS, especially in bulbar-onset and female patients. We highlighted that the emotional state other than cognitive function had possible relationship with PLC in ALS.

13.
Neurology ; 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663646

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Non-motor symptoms are common in patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA), but there is limited knowledge regarding fatigue in MSA. This study aimed to investigate the frequency and evolution of fatigue and the factors related to fatigue and its progression in patients with MSA at an early stage. METHODS: Patients with probable MSA were comprehensively evaluated at both baseline and the 1-year follow-up, including their motor and non-motor symptoms. Fatigue and anxiety were assessed using the fatigue severity scale (FSS) and Hamilton anxiety rating scale (HARS), respectively. Orthostatic hypotension (OH) was defined as a decrease in the systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure by at least 30 mmHg and 15 mmHg, respectively. The binary logistic regression model and linear regression model were used to analyze the factors related to fatigue and its progression, respectively. RESULTS: This study enrolled 146 patients with MSA. The frequency of fatigue was 60.3%, 55.1%, and 64.9% in MSA, MSA with predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P), and MSA with predominant cerebellar ataxia (MSA-C), respectively. The frequency of fatigue and the FSS score in MSA patients increased from baseline to the 1-year follow-up (P < 0.05). Young age (OR 0.939, 95% CI 0.894-0.987), OH (OR 2.806, 95% CI 1.253-6.286), and high HARS score (OR 1.014, 95% CI 1.035-1.177) were associated with fatigue in MSA. OH was associated with fatigue in MSA-P (OR 3.391, 95% CI 1.066-10.788), while high HARS score was associated with fatigue in MSA-C (OR 1.159, 95% CI 1.043-1.287). Additionally, only low FSS scores at baseline were associated with the annual progression rate of FSS scores in MSA, MSA-P, and MSA-C (P<0.05). Neurofilament light chain, α-synuclein, glial fibrillary acidic protein, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, and triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cell-2 were not significantly associated with fatigue and its progression in MSA. CONCLUSION: Fatigue was prevalent in early-stage MSA, and it increased and remained persistent over time. This study demonstrated that OH and anxiety were associated with fatigue in MSA patients.

14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17856, 2021 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497334

RESUMO

Idiopathic blepharospasm shows a female predominance in prevalence, whether there are sex-related differences in distributions of nonmotor symptoms (NMSs) and predictors of quality of life are unknown. Four hundred and twenty-five patients with idiopathic blepharospasm were consecutively recruited, and underwent assessments including dystonia severity, mood disturbances, sleep disturbances, cognition, ocular symptoms, and quality of life. Frequencies and distributions of NMSs, and predictors of quality of life in female and male patients were investigated. NMSs existed in majority of male (94.0%) and female (95.8%) patients. The frequencies of depression, cognition dysfunction, and poor sleep quality were higher in female patients, while the frequency of excessive daytime sleepiness was higher in male patients. More female (79.5%) patients had multiple NMS domains affected than male (70.1%) patients (p = 0.040). Quality of life was associated with depression, anxiety and motor severity for female patients (adjusted R2 = 0.367, p < 0.001), while associated with depression, excessive daytime sleepiness and motor severity for male patients (adjusted R2 = 0.430, p < 0.001). The highly prevalent coexistence of multiple NMSs found in patients with blepharospasm support that blepharospasm is a network disorder. The sex-related differences in the pattern of NMSs and predictors of quality of life may aid the development of tailored management of blepharospasm.


Assuntos
Blefarospasmo/diagnóstico , Cognição/fisiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Distonia/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Blefarospasmo/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia , Distonia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/fisiopatologia
15.
Neurobiol Aging ; 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544586

RESUMO

Altered ubiquitin signaling and disrupted protein quality control have been implicated in the pathogenesis of PD. The aim of the study was to systematically examine the overlaps between E3 ubiquitin ligase genes and early onset PD (EOPD). A total of 695 EOPD patients were analyzed aggregate burden for rare variants (MAF <0.001 and MAF <0.0001) in a total of 44 E3 ubiquitin ligase genes causing disorders involved in the nervous system. There was significant enrichment of the rare and rare damaging variants in the E3 ubiquitin ligase genes in EOPD patients. Detailly, in the gene-based level, the strongest associations were found in HERC1, IRF2BPL, KMT2D, RAPSN, RLIM, RNF168 and RNF216. Our findings highlighted the importance of UPS mechanism in the pathogenesis of PD from the genetic perspective. Moreover, our study also expanded the susceptible gene spectrum for PD.

16.
J Med Genet ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large number of new causative and risk genes for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been identified mostly in patients of European ancestry. In contrast, we know relatively little regarding the genetics of ALS in other ethnic populations. This study aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the genetics of ALS in an unprecedented large cohort of Chinese mainland population and correlate with the clinical features of rare variants carriers. METHODS: A total of 1587 patients, including 64 familial ALS (FALS) and 1523 sporadic ALS (SALS), and 1866 in-house controls were analysed by whole-exome sequencing and/or testing for G4C2 repeats in C9orf72. Forty-one ALS-associated genes were analysed. FINDINGS: 155 patients, including 26 (40.6%) FALS and 129 (8.5%) SALS, carrying rare pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants of ALS causative genes were identified. SOD1 was the most common mutated gene, followed by C9orf72, FUS, NEK1, TARDBP and TBK1. By burden analysis, rare variants in SOD1, FUS and TARDBP contributed to the collective risk for ALS (p<2.5e-6) at the gene level, but at the allelic level TARDBP p.Gly294Val and FUS p.Arg521Cys and p.Arg521His were the most important single variants causing ALS. Clinically, P/LP variants in TARDBP and C9orf72 were associated with poor prognosis, in FUS linked with younger age of onset, and C9orf72 repeats tended to affect cognition. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide essential information for understanding the genetic and clinical features of ALS in China and for optimal design of genetic testing and evaluation of disease prognosis.

17.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(16)2021 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443262

RESUMO

Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) subjected to external heat may be prone to failure and cause catastrophic safety issues. In this work, experiments were conducted to investigate the influence of discharge current on the thermal runaway process under thermal abuse. The calibrated external heat source (20 W) and discharge currents from 1 to 6 A were employed to match the thermal abuse conditions in an operational state. The results indicated that the key parameters during the failure process, such as the total mass loss, the onset temperatures of safety venting and thermal runaway, and the peak temperature, are ultimately determined by the capacity inside the battery, and the discharge current can hardly change it. However, discharge currents can produce extra energy to accelerate the thermal runaway process. Compared with the battery in an open circuit, the onset time of thermal runaway was reduced by 7.4% at 6 A discharge. To quantify the effect of discharge current, the total heat generation by discharge current was calculated. The results show that a heat generation of 1.6 kJ was produced when the battery was discharged at 6 A, which could heat the cell to 34 °C (neglect of heat loss). This study simulates the failure process of the LIB in the operational state, which is expected to help the safety application of LIB and improve the reliability of the battery management system.

18.
Drug Metab Dispos ; 49(11): 985-994, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462267

RESUMO

Drug resistance of cancer cells is associated with redox homeostasis. The mechanism of acquired resistance of cancer cells to antitumor drugs is not well understood. Our previous studies revealed that drug resistance and highly expressed P-glycoprotein (P-gp) of MCF-7 breast cancer cells was dependent on intracellular redox homeostasis and declined capacity for scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS). Recently, we observed that, unlike nontumorigenic cells MCF-10A, three tumorigenic breast cancer cells (MCF-7S, BT474, MDA-MB-231) reprogrammed their metabolism, highly expressed cystathionine-γ-lyase (CTH), and acquired a particular specialty to use methionine (Met) to synthesize glutathione (GSH) through the transsulfuration pathway. Interestingly, doxorubicin (adriamycin) further reprogrammed metabolism of MCF-7 cells sensitive to adriamycin (MCF-7S) and induced them to be another MCF-7 cell line resistant to adriamycin (MCF-7R) with dramatically downregulated CTH. The two MCF-7 cell lines showed distinctly different phenotypes in terms of intracellular GSH, ROS levels, expression and activity of P-gp and CTH, and drug resistance. We showed that CTH modulation or the methionine supply brought about the interconversion between MCF-7S and MCF-7R. Methionine deprivation or CTH silencing induced a resistant MCF-7R and lowered paclitaxel activity, yet methionine supplementation or CTH overexpression reversed the above effects, induced a sensitive phenotype of MCF-7S, and significantly increased the cytotoxicity of paclitaxel both in vitro and in vivo. Interleukin-6 (IL-6)/signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) initiated CTH expression and activity, and the effect on the resistant phenotype was exclusively dependent on CTH and ROS. This study suggests that the IL-6/STAT3/CTH axis plays a key role in the transformation between sensitive and resistant MCF-7 cells. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Cystathionine γ-lyase (CTH) plays a key role in transformation between the sensitive and resistant phenotypes of MCF-7 cells and is dependent on the interleukin-6 (IL-6)/signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) signaling axis. Modulation of the transsulfuration pathway on CTH or IL-6/STAT3 or methionine supplementation is beneficial for reversing the resistance of MCF-7 cells, which indicates a clinical translation potential.

19.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 90: 105-113, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419804

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Amounting evidence has suggested the Tripartite Motif (TRIM) family proteins as related to Parkinson's disease (PD). However, many of the risk genes were still awaiting further explorations, and their genetic role in PD has not been investigated yet. METHODS: Here, we aimed to systematically evaluate the genetic associations of TRIMs with PD in a large Chinese early-onset PD (EOPD, age at onset < 50 years) cohort. We identified rare variants (minor allele frequency < 0.01) in 743 unrelated EOPD patients using whole exome sequencing, and evaluated the association between rare variants and EOPD at allele and gene levels. RESULTS: Totally 123 rare variants were identified in 13 TRIM protein family members, including TRIM3, TRIM6, TRIM8, TRIM9, TRIM10, TRIM11, TRIM17, TRIM24, TRIM27, TRIM28, TRIM34, TRIM40 and TRIM41. At the allele level, three variants were nominally associated with PD, namely p.R65H in TRIM10, p.P467S in TRIM11, and p.I425V in TRIM24. Gene-based burden analysis showed a clear enrichment of rare variants of TRIM24 in EOPD. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate TRIM24 as a potential risk gene for PD, provide a better understanding for the genetic involvement of TRIM protein family members in EOPD and broaden the current mutation spectrum of PD.

20.
J Parkinsons Dis ; 11(4): 1845-1855, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34250953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic studies have indicated that variants in several lysosomal genes are risk factors for idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the role of lysosomal genes in PD in Asian populations is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze rare variants in lysosomal related genes in Chinese population with early-onset and familial PD. METHODS: In total, 1,136 participants, including 536 and 600 patients with sporadic early-onset PD (SEOPD) and familial PD, respectively, underwent whole-exome sequencing to assess the genetic etiology. Rare variants in PD were investigated in 67 candidate lysosomal related genes (LRGs), including 15 lysosomal function-related genes and 52 lysosomal storage disorder genes. RESULTS: Compared with the autosomal dominant PD (ADPD) or SEOPD cohorts, a much higher proportion of patients with multiple rare damaging variants of LRGs were found in the autosomal recessive PD (ARPD) cohort. At a gene level, rare damaging variants in GBA and MAN2B1 were enriched in PD, but in SCARB2, MCOLN1, LYST, VPS16, and VPS13C were much less in patients. At an allele level, GBA p. Leu483Pro was found to increase the risk of PD. Genotype-phenotype correlation showed no significance in the clinical features among patients carrying a discrepant number of rare variants in LRGs. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests rare variants in LRGs might be more important in the pathogenicity of ARPD cases compared with ADPD or SEOPD. We further confirm rare variants in GBA are involve in PD pathogenecity and other genes associated with PD identified in this study should be supported with more evidence.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...