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1.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 61(2): 159-163, 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36720599

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the feasibility of endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in children. Methods: Clinical data and follow-up information of 4 AIS children who received EVT in the Department of Intervention & Hemangioma at the Children's Hospital of the Capital Institute of Pediatrics from December 2020 to June 2021 were collected retrospectively. The vascular recanalization after EVT was assessed by the modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (mTICI) score. Efficacy outcomes were assessed with initial and postprocedural Pediatric National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (PedNIHSS) score, and the modified Rankin scale (mRS) score at 3 and 6 months after treatment. Safety assessments included perioperative complications and intracranial hemorrhage post-treatment. Results: A total of 5 EVT treatment were performed on 4 children with AIS, of whom 3 were male. The age of onset was 4.6, 13.8, 7.8, 8.0, 8.9 years, respectively. The time from symptom onset to initiation of EVT was 19.0, 25.0, 22.0, 4.0, 16.5 hours, respectively and all patients achieved successful recanalization of the vessel after EVT (mTICI≥2b). The PedNIHSS score was 39, 14, 25, 39, 24 before treatment and decreased to 8, 1, 12, 39, 5 at discharge. All the procedures were performed with no perioperative complications. Only 1 patient with congenital heart disease had a recurrent AIS with malignant brain oedema and brain hernia. Although the occluded vessels were successfully recanalized,the symptoms were not improved and this patient died after treatment abandonment. The other 3 patients achieved good recovery at 6 months postoperatively. The mRS score of 3 patients was 3, 1, 2 at 3 months after EVT and decreased to 2, 1, 1 at 6 months. Conclusion: EVT treatment may be feasible and safe for pediatric AIS due to large vessel occlusion even when the treatment was initiated 6 hours post stroke, but children with heart disease may have a dismal prognosis.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombectomia , Encéfalo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia
2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 27(1): 233-247, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647873

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Type II endometrial cancer (EC) is associated with high risk of metastasis and poor prognosis. We aimed to develop a nomogram for predicting survival probability in patients with type II EC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from a total of 4,117 patients with confirmed type II EC were pulled from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, and were randomly divided into a training set and an internal verification set. A nomogram was constructed based on the training set. The concordance index (C-index), area under the ROC curve, and calibration plots were used to evaluate the identification and calibration of the nomogram. The SEER internal validation set and the Chinese multicenter data set (74 patients) were used to verify discriminations and corrections of the model. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis indicated that age, marital status, tumor size, T stage, N stage, M stage, surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy were independent factors affecting the prognosis of type II EC patients (p<0.001). The corresponding nomogram has showed excellent calibration and discrimination (C-index [95% CI], 0.752 [0.738-0.766]). The model was verified in the internal verification set (0.760 [0.739-0.781]) and the Chinese multicenter set (0.784 [0.607-0.961]). In addition, the AUC further confirmed the accuracy of the nomogram in predicting survival. The calibration curve of OS within 5 years confirmed good calibration of the nomogram. CONCLUSIONS: This model and the corresponding risk classification system may provide useful tools for clinicians to evaluate the long-term prognosis of patients and carry out personalized clinical evaluation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Nomogramas , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Probabilidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Endométrio/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida
3.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 61(1): 41-47, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603883

RESUMO

Objective: To establish and validate a nomogram model for predicting the risk of microvascular invasion(MVI) in hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 210 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent hepatectomy at Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery,the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2013 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 169 males and 41 females, aged(M(IQR)) 57(12)years(range:30 to 80 years). The patients were divided into model group(the first 170 cases) and validation group(the last 40 cases) according to visit time. Based on the clinical data of the model group,rank-sum test and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to screen out the independent related factors of MVI. R software was used to establish a nomogram model to predict the preoperative MVI risk of hepatocellular carcinoma,and the validation group data were used for external validation. Results: Based on the modeling group data,the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to determine that cut-off value of DeRitis ratio,γ-glutamyltransferase(GGT) concentration,the inverse number of activated peripheral blood T cell ratio (-aPBTLR) and the maximum tumor diameter for predicting MVI, which was 0.95((area under curve, AUC)=0.634, 95%CI: 0.549 to 0.719), 38.2 U/L(AUC=0.604, 95%CI: 0.518 to 0.689),-6.05%(AUC=0.660, 95%CI: 0.578 to 0.742),4 cm(AUC=0.618, 95%CI: 0.533 to 0.703), respectively. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that DeRitis≥0.95,GGT concentration ≥38.2 U/L,-aPBTLR>-6.05% and the maximum tumor diameter ≥4 cm were independent related factors for MVI in hepatocellular carcinoma patients(all P<0.05). The nomogram prediction model based on the above four factors established by R software has good prediction efficiency. The C-index was 0.758 and 0.751 in the model group and the validation group,respectively. Decision curve analysis and clinical impact curve showed that the nomogram model had good clinical benefits. Conclusions: DeRitis ratio,serum GGT concentration,-aPBTLR and the maximum tumor diameter are valuable factors for preoperative prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma with MVI. A relatively reliable nomogram prediction model could be established on them.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Invasividade Neoplásica , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
4.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 61(1): 56-60, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594122

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the genetic and genomic profiling of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) and factors affecting its survival rate. Methods: Clinical characteristics, cytogenetics, molecular biology results and survival status of children with 27 JMML cases admitted to the Hematology Department of Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from December 2012 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively, and the outcomes of the children were followed up. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Univariate analysis was used for analyzing factors affecting the overall survival (OS) rates of patients who received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Log-Rank test was used for comparison of survival curves. Results: Among 27 JMML cases, there were 11 males and 16 females. The age of disease onset was 28 (11,52) months. There are 20 cases of normal karyotype, 4 cases of monosomy 7, 1 case of trisomy 8,1 case of 11q23 rearrangement and 1 case of complex karyotype. A total of 39 somatic mutations were detected.Those involved in RAS signal pathway were the highest (64%(25/39)), among which PTPN11 mutation was the most frequent (44% (11/25)). A total of 17 cases (63%) received HSCT, 8 cases (30%) did not receive HSCT, and 2 cases (7%) lost follow-up. For children receiving transplantation, the follow-up time after transplantation was 47 (11,57) months. The 1-year OS rate of high-risk transplantation group (17 cases) and high-risk non transplantation group (6 cases) was (88±8)% and (50±20)% respectively, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=5.01, P=0.025). The 5-year OS rate of the high-risk transplantation group was (75±11)%. The survival time of those who relapsed or progressed to acute myeloid leukemia after transplantation was significantly shorter than that of those who did not relapse (χ2=6.80, P=0.009). The OS rate of patients with or without PTPN11 mutation was (81±12) % and (67±19)% respectively (χ2=0.85, P=0.356). Conclusions: The main pathogenesis involved in JMML is gene mutation related to RAS signaling pathway, and the most common driver gene of mutation is PTPN11. Allogeneic HSCT can significantly improve the survival rate of high-risk JMML patients. The recurrence or progression after transplantation was related to poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Juvenil , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Juvenil/genética , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Juvenil/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Mutação
5.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 93(10): 103528, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319341

RESUMO

Forward modeling is used to interpret inversion patterns of the pedestal-Scrape of Layer (SOL) Electron Cyclotron Emission (ECE) in DIII-D H-mode experiments. The modeling not only significantly improves the ECE data interpretation quality but also leads to the potential measurements of (1) the magnetic field strength |B| at the separatrix, (2) the pedestal |B| evolution during an inter-Edge Localized Mode (ELM) period, and (3) the pedestal Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) radial structure. The ECE shine-through effect leads to three types of pedestal-SOL radiation inversions that are discussed in this paper. The first type of inversion is the non-monotonic Te,rad profile with respect to the major radius. Using the ECE frequency at the minimum Te,rad, the inversion can be applied to measure the magnetic field |B| at the separatrix and calibrate the mapping of the ECE channels with respect to the separatrix. The second type of inversion refers to the opposite phase between the radiation fluctuations δTe,rad at the pedestal and SOL. This δTe,rad phase inversion is sensitive to density and temperature fluctuations at the pedestal foot and, thus, can be used to qualitatively measure the MHD radial structure. The third type of inversion appears when the pedestal and SOL Te,rad evolve in an opposite trend, which can be used to infer the pedestal |B| field change during an inter-ELM period. The bandwidth effect on measuring δTe,rad due to pedestal MHD is also investigated in the radiation modeling.

6.
Clin Radiol ; 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351853

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the efficiency and safety of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as a stress agent in a cohort of patients undergoing stress perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted between December 2019 and October 2021. The study recruited patients who underwent stress perfusion CMRI using ATP as a vasodilator. Adverse events, such as chest pain, flushing, dyspnoea, headache, and splenic switch-off (SSO) phenomenon, were evaluated in the patients who underwent stress perfusion CMRI. RESULTS: The study included 107 patients (age range: 53 ± 11 years; male:female, 62%:38%). The haemodynamic response (heart rate increased by ≥ 10 beats/min) was quick and observed within 2 minutes of ATP infusion. Scanning was stopped in three patients because of atrioventricular block. CMRI images of seven out of 104 patients were excluded from the final analysis because of inferior quality. During ATP infusion, 37/107 patients (35%) experienced mild adverse events, such as chest pain, flushing, dyspnoea, headache, and atrioventricular block. Myocardial infarction and bronchospasms were not observed during ATP infusion. SSO, a marker of adequate stress, was observed in 91% (94/103) of the patients who underwent stress perfusion CMRI. CONCLUSIONS: As a coronary vasodilator, ATP was safe for stress perfusion CMRI. In addition, the adverse events during ATP infusion were mild, which were relieved within 2 minutes of ATP injection cessation. SSO could serve as an indicator of stress success in ATP stress perfusion CMRI.

7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(10): 1435-1440, 2022 Oct 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36274610

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the North-South difference of the relationship between cold spells and mortality risk of cardiovascular diseases in China. Methods: The time series analysis method was used to collect the daily counts of cardiovascular mortality data, meteorological data and PM2.5 concentration in the cold season (November to March of the following year) from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2018 in 280 districts and counties in China. The non-constrained distributed lag linear model was used to analyze the relationship between cold spells and mortality risk of cardiovascular diseases and its North-South difference in China. Results: From 2013 to 2018, the mean of daily average temperature of the cold season in 280 districts and counties was 5.4 ℃. The mean of daily average relative humidity was 64.4%, and the mean of daily average PM2.5 concentration was 73.7 µg/m3. The average cold spell days in each county was 11.7 days per year,the mean of daily average temperature on cold spell days was (-2.4±6.7) ℃, and M (Q1, Q3) was -1.5 (-5.1, 1.1) ℃. The average of daily number of cardiovascular disease deaths in each county/district was (6±5) cases, and M (Q1, Q3) was 5 (2, 8) cases. The percentage change (95%CI) in the South was 4.94% (3.69%, 6.20%) (lag 0 d), higher than that in the North [the percentage change (95%CI) was 1.49% (1.14%-1.84%) (lag 0-7 d)]. In the North, the mortality risk of ≥75 years old was relatively low among three age groups, with a percentage change (95%CI) about 1.63% (1.33%-1.93%) (lag 0-21 d). In the South, the mortality risk of ≥ 75 years old was relatively high among three age groups, with a percentage change (95%CI) about 5.18% (3.78%-6.59%) (lag 0 d). Conclusion: The mortality risk of cardiovascular diseases caused by cold spells in the South is higher than that in the North of China, and the risk peak occurs earlier in the South.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Humanos , Idoso , Temperatura Baixa , Temperatura , China/epidemiologia , Material Particulado/análise , Mortalidade
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(37): 2963-2968, 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36207873

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the application value of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) native T1 mapping for risk stratification in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Methods: A total of 59 patients with diagnosed PAH and clear-documented risk status in Peking Union Medical College Hospital and underwent CMR examination between January 2019 and December 2021 were retrospectively included, which including 12 males and 47 females, aged from 4 to 77 (31±13) years. Those patients were subdivided into two groups based on the clinically-assessed risk status: low-risk group (n=30) and intermediate-/high-risk group (n=29). Twenty-five healthy individuals were included as controls. Base, midventricular, and apical inferior right ventricular insertion point (IRVIP) native T1 values on short axis images were measured. Native T1 values in PAH patients and control group, in low-risk group and intermediate-/high-risk group were compared, respectively, and receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves with area under the curves (AUC) were calculated to evaluate the application value of native T1 values for risk stratification in PAH patients. Results: Base, midventricular and apical IRVIP native T1 of PAH patients were all significantly increased as compared to controls [Base:(1 439.31±129.96) vs (1 282.36±37.18) ms;midventricular:(1 450.32±111.55) vs (1 287.56±53.16) ms;apical:(1 444.12±109.15) vs (1 266.36±75.31) ms](all P<0.001). The midventricular IRVIP native T1 values were significantly higher in patients in intermediate-/high-risk status as compared to those in low-risk status [ (1 493.24±126.32) vs (1 428.50±85.73) ms,P=0.026]. The AUC of mid ventricle IRVIP native T1 for distinguishing patients in intermediate-/high-risk status was 0.741. The base [(1 458.21±134.96) vs (1 421.03±104.75) ms, P=0.241] and apical [(1 465.90±125.36) vs (1 423.07±87.87) ms,P=0.136] IRVIP native T1 values in patients in intermediate-/high-risk group were also numerically higher as compared with patients in low-risk status, however, without statistical significant (both P>0.05). Conclusion: Midventricular IRVIP native T1 value might have a role for assisting in risk stratification in PAH patients, which was clinically significant for facilitating the work-up and prognosis improvement of PAH patients.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar , Hipertensão Pulmonar Primária Familiar , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Miocárdio/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco
9.
Opt Express ; 30(20): 35937-35950, 2022 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36258533

RESUMO

Optical feedback exists in most laser configurations and strongly affects laser performances depending on the feedback strength, length, and phase. In this paper, we investigate the frequency comb behaviour of a semiconductor quantum cascade laser emitting around 4.2 THz with external optical feedback. A periodic evolution of the laser inter-mode beatnote from single-line to multiple-line structures is experimentally observed with a minor change of optical feedback length (phase) on the wavelength scale. The comb stability of the laser with feedback is also measured and compared with the same laser without feedback. Furthermore, our simulations reveal that the dynamical oscillations invoked by optical feedback are responsible for the measured multiple-line beatnotes. It is found that the characteristic feedback period is determined by the half wavelength of the laser, while the comb operation is maintained at most feedback length positions. Therefore, terahertz quantum cascade laser combs are robust against the minor position vibration of the feedback mirror in practice, owing to the much smaller feedback phase change than that of common near-infrared laser diodes.

10.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 26(9): 817-825, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36156673

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to pool the effect size of the association between cognitive frailty and adverse outcomes (e.g., falls, disability, and hospitalization) among older adults. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Embase were searched from their respective inceptions to June 1, 2022. We extracted prospective cohort studies that reported the association between cognitive frailty and adverse outcomes. Random or fixed-effects models based on heterogeneity were used to pool the effect sizes of independent associations of cognitive frailty, frailty only, and cognitive impairment only with each adverse outcome. RESULTS: Fifteen studies involving 49,122 older adults were included in the meta-analysis. Older adults with cognitive frailty had higher odds ratios (OR) for falls (1.82, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.29-2.58), disability (3.17, 95%CI: 2.24-4.48), and hospitalization (1.78, 95%CI: 1.48-2.14) compared with those without frailty and cognitive impairment. Older adults with frailty only demonstrated a high risk for falls (pooled OR 1.76, 95%CI: 1.25-2.48), disability (pooled OR 1.82, 95%CI: 1.43-2.33), and hospitalization (pooled OR 1.64, 95% CI: 1.45-1.85). The influence of cognitive impairment only on adverse outcomes was lower compared with cognitive frailty or frailty. Subgroup analyses showed that those with cognitive frailty (defined by the frailty phenotype plus Mini-Mental State Examination) were at greater risk for developing adverse outcomes. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that cognitive frailty is an independent risk factor for adverse outcomes (e.g., falls, disability, and hospitalization). Early screening and comprehensive intervention may improve cognitive frailty and reduce the risk for adverse outcomes among older adults.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Idoso , Cognição , Idoso Fragilizado/psicologia , Fragilidade/complicações , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 34(4): 383-391, 2022 Jun 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116928

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of health education on knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) relating to malaria control among overseas enterprise employees. METHODS: In September 2019, on-site malaria control health education was conducted among all Chinese employees of a China-funded mining enterprise in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The KAP questionnaire for malaria control was generated on the Questionstar website, and the participants were subjected to two questionnaire surveys prior to and 14 months after health education. After the questionnaires were recovered, all valid questionnaires were divided into 4 groups, including the baseline group (the questionnaires filled out by respondents who received health education and participated in two questionnaire surveys before health education), the loss-to-follow-up group (the questionnaires filled out by respondents who received health education but only participated in the questionnaire survey after health education), the retest group (the questionnaires filled out by respondents who received health education and participated in two questionnaire surveys after health education) and the new group (questionnaires filled out by respondents who did not receive health education and only participated in the questionnaire survey after health education) according to subjects' receiving health education and participation in two questionnaire surveys. The correct rate of malaria control knowledge, the proportion to good attitudes towards malaria control and the proportion of good practices towards malaria control were compared between the baseline group and the loss-to-follow-up group, between the baseline group and the retest group, and between the retest group and the new group. RESULTS: A total of 110 and 142 valid questionnaires were recovered during the two surveys, and the recovery rates were 90.9% and 70.3%, respectively. There were 77, 77, 33, and 65 valid questionnaires recovered from the baseline group, the loss-to-follow-up group, the retest group, and the new group, respectively. There were no significant differences in respondents' gender, age and educational levels between the baseline group and the loss-to-follow-up group (all P values > 0.05), and there were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of the mean score of malaria control knowledge (Z = 2.011, P > 0.05), the mean score of attitudes towards malaria control (t = -0.787, P > 0.05) and the mean score of practices towards malaria control (t = -0.787, P > 0.05). There were significant differences between the retest group and the baseline group in terms of the mean score of malaria control knowledge (10.83 vs. 9.79; Z = -4.017, P < 0.05), the mean score of attitudes towards malaria control (29.48 vs. 28.61; Z = -1.981, P < 0.05) and the mean score of practices towards malaria control (6.43 vs. 5.91; Z = -2.499, P < 0.05). There were no significant differences between the retest group and the new group in terms of gender, age or education levels (all P values > 0.05), and a higher mean score of malaria control knowledge was found in the retest group than in the new group (10.83 vs. 9.81; Z = -2.962, P < 0.05), while no significant differences were seen in the mean score of attitudes towards malaria control (29.48 vs. 30.17; Z = -1.158, P > 0.05) and the mean score of practices towards malaria control (6.43 vs. 6.37; Z = -0.048, P > 0.05) between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Malaria control health education may significantly improve the understanding of malaria control knowledge, positive attitudes towards malaria control and the compliance of practices towards malaria control among overseas enterprise employees.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Malária , Estudos Transversais , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Malária/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 15(9): e011693, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical and morphological factors associated with lipidic versus calcified neoatherosclerosis within second-generation drug-eluting stents and the impact of lipidic versus calcified neoatherosclerosis on long-term outcomes after repeat intervention have not been well studied. METHODS: A total of 512 patients undergoing optical coherence tomography before percutaneous coronary intervention for second-generation drug-eluting stents in-stent restenosis were included. Neoatherosclerosis was defined as lipidic or calcified neointimal hyperplasia in ≥3 consecutive frames or ruptured lipidic neointimal hyperplasia. The primary outcome was target lesion failure (cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, definite stent thrombosis, or clinically driven target lesion revascularization). RESULTS: The overall prevalence of neoatherosclerosis was 28.5% (146/512): 56.8% lipidic, 30.8% calcified, and 12.3% both lipidic and calcific. The prevalence increased as a function of time from stent implantation: 20% at 1 to 3 years, 30% at 3 to 7 years, and 75% >7 years. Renal insufficiency, poor lipid profile, and time from stent implantation were associated with lipidic neoatherosclerosis, whereas severe renal insufficiency, female sex, and time from stent implantation were associated with calcified neoatherosclerosis. Multivariable Cox regression revealed that female sex and lipidic neoatherosclerosis were associated with more target lesion failure, whereas stent age and final minimum lumen diameter after reintervention were related to lower target lesion failure. Calcified neoatherosclerosis was not related to adverse events after reintervention for in-stent restenosis given a large enough minimum lumen diameter was achieved. CONCLUSIONS: Lipidic but not calcified neoatherosclerosis was associated with poor subsequent outcomes after repeat revascularization if optimal stent expansion was achieved in lesions with calcified neoatherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Reestenose Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos , Insuficiência Renal , Constrição Patológica/etiologia , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/epidemiologia , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperplasia/etiologia , Lipídeos , Prevalência , Insuficiência Renal/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 129(4): 041801, 2022 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35939015

RESUMO

This Letter reports the first measurement of high-energy reactor antineutrinos at Daya Bay, with nearly 9000 inverse beta decay candidates in the prompt energy region of 8-12 MeV observed over 1958 days of data collection. A multivariate analysis is used to separate 2500 signal events from background statistically. The hypothesis of no reactor antineutrinos with neutrino energy above 10 MeV is rejected with a significance of 6.2 standard deviations. A 29% antineutrino flux deficit in the prompt energy region of 8-11 MeV is observed compared to a recent model prediction. We provide the unfolded antineutrino spectrum above 7 MeV as a data-based reference for other experiments. This result provides the first direct observation of the production of antineutrinos from several high-Q_{ß} isotopes in commercial reactors.

14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(8): 1241-1248, 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35981986

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the distribution characteristics of tea consumption in adult twins recruited in the Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR) and provide clues to genetic and environmental influences on tea consumption. Methods: Enrolled in CNTR during 2010-2018, 25 264 twin pairs aged 18 years and above were included in subsequent analysis. Random effect models were used to estimate tea consumption in the population and regional distribution characteristics. The concordance rate of the behavior and difference in consumption volume of tea within pairs were also described. Results: The mean age of all subjects was (35.38±12.45) years old. The weekly tea consumers accounted for 17.0%, with an average tea consumption of (3.36±2.44) cups per day. The proportion of weekly tea consumers was higher among males, 50-59 years old, southern, urban, educated, and the first-born in the twin pair (P<0.05), and lower among unmarried individuals (P<0.001). Within-pair analysis showed that the concordance rate of tea consumption of monozygotic (MZ) twins was higher than that of dizygotic (DZ) twins and the overall heritability of tea consumption was 13.45% (11.38%-15.51%). Stratified by the characteristics mentioned above, only in males, the concordance rate of MZ showed a tendency to be greater than that of DZ (all P<0.05). The differences in consumption volume of tea within twin pairs were minor in MZ among males (P<0.05), while the differences were not significant in female twins. Conclusion: There were discrepancies in the distribution of tea consumption among twins of different demographic and regional characteristics. Tea consumption was mainly influenced by environmental factors and slightly influenced by genetic factors. The size of genetic factors varied with gender, age, and region, and gender was a potential modified factor.


Assuntos
Dieta , Chá , Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Gêmeos Monozigóticos , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2022 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986869

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is an autoimmune orbital disorder. Gut microbiota dysfunction plays a vital role in autoimmune diseases, including Graves' disease (GD) and GO. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the change of gut microbiota in GD/GO using mouse model. METHODS: The murine model of GD/GO was established by the challenge of adenovirus expressing thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (TSHR) (Ad-TSHR). The histological changes of orbital and thyroid tissues were analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), Masson staining, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining. The fecal samples were collected for 16S rRNA gene sequencing and bioinformatics analysis. RESULTS: The GD/GO model was established successfully, as manifested as the broadened eyelid, exophthalmia and conjunctive redness, severe inflammatory infiltration among thyroid glands and between extraocular muscle space, hypertrophic extraocular muscles, elevated thyroxine (T4) and decreased TSH, and positive CD34, CD40, collagen I, and α-SMA staining. A total of 222 operational taxonomic units (OUTs) were overlapped between mice in the Ad-NC and Ad-TSHR groups. The microbial composition of the samples in the two groups was mainly Bacteroidia and Clostridia, and the Ad-NC group had a significantly lower content of Bacteroidia and higher content of Clostridia. KEGG orthology analysis results revealed differences in dehydrogenase, aspartic acid, bile acid, chalcone synthase, acetyltransferase, glutamylcyclotransferase, glycogenin, and 1-phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase between two groups; enzyme commission (EC) analysis results revealed differences in several dehydrogenase, oxidase, thioxy/reductase between two groups; MetaCyc pathways analysis results revealed differences in isoleucine degradation, oxidation of C1 compounds, tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle IV, taurine degradation, and biosynthesis of paromamine, heme, colonic acid building blocks, butanediol, lysine/threonine/methionine, and histidine/purine/pyrimidine between two groups. CONCLUSION: This study induced a mouse model of GD/GO by Ad-TSHR challenge, and gut microbiota characteristics were identified in the GD/GO mice. The Bacteroidia and Clostridia abundance was changed in the GD/GO mice. These findings may lay a solid experimental foundation for developing personalized treatment regimens for GD patients according to the individual gut microbiota. Given the potential impact of regional differences on intestinal microbiota, this study in China may provide a reference for the global overview of the gut-thyroid axis hypothesis.

16.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(7): 902-911, 2022 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35899341

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of exposure to ambient fine particulate matter-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on blood coagulation in adults. Methods: A total of 73 adult volunteers were recruited in a cohort study and had four clinical visits from November 2014 to January 2016. Blood samples were obtained and used to measure biomarkers of blood thrombogenicity, including soluble CD40 Ligand (sCD40L), soluble P-selection (sCD62P) and Fibrinogen (FIB). White blood cell (WBC), 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and HDL cholesterol efflux capacity (HDL-CEC) were also determined. Daily concentrations of ambient fine particulate matter-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were measured throughout the study period, and positive matrix factorization (PMF) approach was used to identity PAHs sources. Linear mixed-effect models including single-pollutant model, two-pollutant model and stratification analysis were constructed to estimate the effects of exposure to ambient fine particulate matter-bound PAHs on blood thrombogenicity in adults after adjusting for potential confounders. Results: The mean age of participants was (23.3±5.4) years. During the study period, the median level of PM2.5-bound PAHs was (55.29±74.99) ng/m3. Six sources of PM2.5-bound PAHs were identified by PMF, with traffic sources contributing more than 50%. The linear mixed-effect model showed that PAHs exposure had a significant effect on elevated blood thrombogenicity. Significant elevations in sCD40L, sCD62P and FIB associated with per IQR increase (60.33 ng/m3) in exposure to PAHs were 14.36% (95%CI:6.94%-22.28%), 9.33% (95%CI: 1.71%-17.51%) and 2.07% (95%CI:0.44%-2.07%) at prior 5 days, respectively. Blood thrombogenicity levels were significantly and positively correlated with source-specific PAHs, especially gasoline vehicle emissions, diesel vehicle emission and coal burning at prior 1 or 5 days. Stronger associations between PAHs and increased blood thrombogenicity were found in participants with high plaque vulnerability, reduced HDL function, and high levels of inflammation and oxidative stress. Conclusion: Acute exposure to ambient fine particulate matter-bound PAHs, especially PAHs from traffic sources may promote blood thrombogenicity in adults, and PAHs have stronger effects on participants with reduced vascular function and high levels of inflammation and oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , 8-Hidroxi-2'-Desoxiguanosina , Adolescente , Adulto , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Estudos de Coortes , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Inflamação , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Emissões de Veículos/análise , Adulto Jovem
17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(12): 4220-4227, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35776020

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the molecular mechanisms of FAM129A in regulating the progression of esophageal cancer and its prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: FAM129A levels in esophageal cancer tissues and paracancerous ones were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Its influences on clinical features and prognosis in esophageal cancer patients were analyzed. Changes in proliferation and apoptosis in esophageal cancer cells after knockdown of FAM129A were examined by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), 5-Ethynyl-2'- deoxyuridine (EdU) assay and flow cytometry, respectively. The feedback loop FAM129A/CXCL14 was finally assessed. RESULTS: FAM129A was upregulated in esophageal cancer tissues. High level of FAM129A predicted advanced tumor staging, large tumor size and poor prognosis in esophageal cancer patients. Knockdown of FAM129A inhibited proliferative ability and induced apoptosis in OE19 and OE33 cells. In addition, knockdown of FAM129A upregulated protein level of CXCL14 in esophageal cancer cells. CXCL14 was downregulated in esophageal cancer tissues and negatively correlated to FAM129A level. The negative feedback loop FAM129A/CXCL14 was responsible for aggravating the malignant phenotypes of esophageal cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: FAM129A is upregulated in esophageal cancer samples, and it is linked to tumor staging, tumor size and poor prognosis. FAM129A aggravates the progression of esophageal cancer by negatively regulating CXCL14 level.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Quimiocinas CXC , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Retroalimentação , Humanos
18.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 61(6): 673-677, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35673748

RESUMO

To explore prognostic factors in intermediate-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity (MRD<0.1%,MRD-)receiving autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT).A total of 59 intermediate-risk AML patients with MRD-were treated with auto-HSCT from January 2015 to September 2021 at Affiliated People's Hospital of Ningbo University. The clinical data and laboratory results were collected retrospectively. Efficacy, clinical outcome and prognostic factors were analyzed. Univariate analysis was conducted by using log-rank test, the multivariate analysis by Cox proportional risk model.Among 59 patients, there were 27 males and 32 females with median age of 55 (31-69) years old.The median follow-up was 761(317-1 861)days. The 2-year overall survival (OS) rate and event-free survival (EFS) rate were 76.1%±11.4% and 73.4%±11.6% respectively.The univariate analysis showed that age older than 50 years, TET2 gene mutation (TET2+), achieving MRD negativity over 30 days (MRD30+) were unfavorable factors of OS (χ2=6.20, 33.20, 7.18;P=0.013,<0.001, 0.007). TET2+, WT1 gene mutation (WT1+), CD34+cells<2×106/kg, MRD30+were negative factors of EFS (χ2=17.29, 4.47, 3.94, 9.393;P<0.001, 0.035, 0.047, 0.002).Multivariate analysis showed that MRD30+, TET2+ were independent prognostic factors of OS and EFS (OS:HR=9.251, 25.839, P=0.036, 0.001;EFS:HR=5.851, 9.199, P=0.043, 0.002). Intermediate-risk AML patients with MRD30+or TET2+ have very poor prognosis after auto-HSCT. Alternative regimens should be investigated.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(10): 3718-3725, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35647854

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to investigate the incidence and risk factors of acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized patients who received aminoglycoside antibiotics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the electronic medical record information of inpatients who received aminoglycoside (AG) antibiotics in our center from January 2018 to December 2020. The diagnosis of AKI was based on serum creatinine changes. Several statistical methods, including chi square test and two sample Wilcoxon rank sum test, were used to evaluate the epidemiological characteristics of aminoglycosides associated AKI. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to screen the risk factors. RESULTS: Finally, 8,040 patients who received AGs were included in the study. Among them, 494 patients (6.14%) were judged as incidence with AKI, while only 29 patients were diagnosed with AKI in the medical record. The multiple logistic regression analysis suggested that admission to ICU, complicated with diabetes mellitus, heart failure, anemia, shock, combined use of diuretics, ß-lactam antibiotics, proton pump inhibitors were independent risk factors for AKI related to aminoglycosides. CONCLUSIONS: It is urgent to improve the understanding and attention of AKI for medical workers, and the assessment of risk factors before the use of aminoglycosides should be contributed to the early prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Aminoglicosídeos , Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Aminoglicosídeos/efeitos adversos , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e258626, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703625

RESUMO

Ligula intestinalis is a cestode parasite that affects freshwater fish in different countries of the world. The current study aims to reveal the phylogenetic, genetic and haplotype diversity of mt-CO1 gene sequences sent to the NCBI database from different countries by using in-silico analysis. The 105 mt-CO1 (371 bp) gene sequences of L. intestinalis obtained from NCBI were used for bioinformatics analyses. Sequences were subjected to phylogenetic and haplotype analysis. As a result of the haplotype analysis of L. intestinalis, 38 haplotypes were obtained from 13 different countries. Hap24 constituted 44.76% of the obtained haplotype network. Changes in nucleotides between haplotypes occurred at 1-84 different points. China and Turkey have highest fixation index (Fst) values of 0.59761, while the lowest (-0.10526) was found between Russia and Turkey. This study provides a baseline for future studies on extensive scale on the epidemiology, ecological aspects, distribution pattern, transmission dynamics and population dispersion of L. intestinalis worldwide.


Assuntos
Cestoides , Mudança Climática , Animais , Variação Genética/genética , Haplótipos , Filogenia
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