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1.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2105316, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508803

RESUMO

Both Alzheimer's disease (AD) and osteoporosis (OP) are common age-associated degenerative diseases and are strongly correlated with clinical epidemiology. However, there is a lack of clear pathological relationship between the brain and bone in the current understanding. Here, it is found that young osteocyte, the most abundant cells in bone, secretes extracellular vesicles (OCYYoung -EVs) to ameliorate cognitive impairment and the pathogenesis of AD in APP/PS1 mice and model cells. These benefits of OCYYoung -EVs are diminished in aged osteocyte-derived EVs (OCYAged -EVs). Based on the self-constructed OCY-EVs tracer transgenic mouse models and the in vivo fluorescent imaging system, OCY-EVs have been observed to be transported to the brain under physiological and pathological conditions. In the hippocampal administration of Aß40 induced young AD model mice, the intramedullary injection of Rab27a-shRNA adenovirus inhibits OCYYoung -EVs secretion from bone and aggravates cognitive impairment. Proteomic quantitative analysis reveals that OCYYoung -EVs, compared to OCYAged -EVs, enrich multiple protective factors of AD pathway. The study uncovers the role of OCY-EV as a regulator of brain health, suggesting a novel mechanism in bone-brain communication.

2.
J Vis Exp ; (182)2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35532241

RESUMO

The conventional semen parameter analysis is widely used to assess male fertility. However, studies have found that ~15% of infertile patients show no abnormalities in conventional semen parameters. Additional technologies are needed to explain the idiopathic infertility and detect subtle sperm defects. Currently, biomarkers of sperm function, including sperm apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and DNA damage, reveal sperm physiology at the molecular level and are capable of predicting male fertility. With flow cytometry (FCM) techniques, each of these markers can be rapidly, accurately, and precisely measured in human semen samples, but time costs substantially increase and results could be obstructed if all the biomarkers need to be tested with a single cytometer. In this protocol, after collection and immediate incubation at 37 °C for liquefication, semen samples were further analyzed for sperm apoptosis using Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)/propidium iodide (PI) staining. The MMP was labeled with 5,5',6,6'-tetrachloro-1,1',3,3'-tetraethyl-benzimidazolylcarbocyanine iodide (JC-1) probe, and DNA damage was assessed using the sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) with acridine orange (AO) staining. Thus, flow cytometric analysis of sperm function markers can be a practical and reliable toolkit for the diagnosis of infertility and evaluation of sperm function at both bench and bed.


Assuntos
Infertilidade , Espermatozoides , Biomarcadores , Cromatina , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Metaloproteinases da Matriz
3.
J Environ Manage ; 316: 115230, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35537269

RESUMO

Excess sludge management is a restrictive factor for the development of municipal wastewater treatment plants. The addition of metabolic uncouplers has been proven to be effective in sludge reduction. However, the long-term effect of metabolic uncoupler o-chlorophenol (oCP) on the biological wastewater treatment system operated in anaerobic-oxic mode is still unclear. To this end, two parallel reactors operated in anaerobic-oxic mode with and without 10 mg/L of oCP addition were investigated for 91 days. The results showed that 56.1 ± 2.3% of sludge reduction was achieved in the oCP-added system, and the nitrogen and phosphorus removal ability were negatively affected. Dosing oCP stimulated the formation of microbial products and increased the DNA concentration, but resulted in a decrease in the electronic transport activity of activated sludge. Microbial community analysis further demonstrated that a significant reduction of bacterial richness and diversity occurred after oCP dosing. However, after stopping oCP addition, the pollutant removal ability of activated sludge was gradually increased, but the sludge yield, as well as species richness and diversity, did not recover to the previous level. This study will provide insightful guidance on the long-term application of metabolic uncouplers in the activated sludge system.

4.
Plants (Basel) ; 11(9)2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567227

RESUMO

The testing association of environmental variables with genetic and epigenetic variation could be crucial to deciphering the effects of environmental factors playing roles as selective drivers in ecological speciation. Although ecological speciation may occur in closely related species, species boundaries may not be established over a short evolutionary timescale. Here, we investigated the genetic and epigenetic variations using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and methylation-sensitive amplification polymorphism (MSAP), respectively, and tested their associations with environmental variables in populations of four closely related species in the R. pseudochrysanthum complex. No distinctive species relationships were found using genetic clustering analyses, neighbor-joining tree, and neighbor-net tree based on the total AFLP variation, which is suggestive of the incomplete lineage sorting of ancestral variation. Nonetheless, strong isolation-by-environment and adaptive divergence were revealed, despite the significant isolation-by-distance. Annual mean temperature, elevation, normalized difference vegetation index, and annual total potential evapotranspiration were found to be the most important environmental variables explaining outlier genetic and epigenetic variations. Our results suggest that the four closely related species of the R. pseudochrysanthum complex share the polymorphism of their ancestor, but reproductive isolation due to ecological speciation can occur if local environmental divergence persists over time.

5.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 238: 113569, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512470

RESUMO

Sertoli cells play a pivotal role in the complex spermatogenesis process. This study aimed to investigate the effects of PM2.5 on Sertoli cells using the TM4 cell line and a real time whole-body PM2.5 exposure mouse model, and further explore the underlying mechanisms through the application of metabolomics and transcriptomics. The results in vivo and in vitro showed that PM2.5 reduced Sertoli cells number in seminiferous tubules and inhibited cell proliferation. PM2.5 exposure also induced Sertoli cell dysfunction by increasing androgen binding protein (ABP) concentration, reducing the blood-testis barrier (BTB)-related protein expression, and decreasing glycolysis capacity and lactate production. The results of transcriptomics, metabolomics, and integrative analysis of multi-omics in the TM4 Sertoli cells revealed the activation of xenobiotic metabolism, and the disturbance of glutathione and purine metabolism after PM2.5 exposure. Further tests verified the reduced GSH/GSSG ratio and the elevation of xanthine oxidase (XO) activity in the PM2.5-exposed TM4 cells, indicating that excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) was generated via metabolic disorder caused by PM2.5. Moreover, the redox imbalance was proved by the increase in the mitochondrial ROS level, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activity, as well as the activation of the Nrf2 antioxidative pathway. Further study found that the redox imbalance caused by PM2.5 induced DNA damage response and cell cycle arrest. Additionally, PM2.5 induced ferroptosis through iron overload and lipid peroxidation. Taken all together, our study provided new insights for understanding proliferation inhibition and dysfunction of TM4 Sertoli cells exposed to PM2.5 via metabolic disorder and redox imbalance-mediated DNA damage response and ferroptosis.

6.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(6): 2627-2638, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35414792

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Intrauterine adhesion (IUA) is one of the major causes of refractory secondary infertility, especially in regions and countries with high abortion rates. In this study, we used the mouse IUA model to evaluate the feasibility of the organoids, a 3D cell structure derived from endometrial tissue, as grafts for the treatment of post-traumatic endometrial regeneration disorders. METHODS: The isolated and cultured endometrial organoid was transplanted into the model IUA uterus by the hydrogel scaffold method. RESULTS: The cultured endometrial organoids were transplanted into the basal layer of the damaged endometrium for 28 days. They were completely implanted and grew normally. They not only reconstructed the structural integrity of the endometrial epithelium but also realized the functional repair of the endometrium through differentiation cultures and secretory functions. CONCLUSION: For severe IUA, this method may be better than stem cell transplantation. These findings provide useful insights into the use of endometrial organoid regeneration in the treatment of injury repair.


Assuntos
Organoides , Doenças Uterinas , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Endométrio , Feminino , Camundongos , Gravidez , Aderências Teciduais/patologia , Aderências Teciduais/terapia , Doenças Uterinas/patologia , Doenças Uterinas/terapia
7.
Org Biomol Chem ; 20(14): 2857-2862, 2022 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35297935

RESUMO

The pyridine/bis(pinacolate)diboron combination has been found to be able to initiate the iodoperfluoroalkylation of unactivated alkenes with perfluoroalkyl iodides. Theoretical calculations and control experiments indicate that the atom transfer radical addition mechanism is responsible for the formation of iodoperfluoroalkylation products. This metal-free and photo-free strategy is applicable to a wide range of perfluoroalkyl iodides and unactivated alkenes with good functional group tolerance. Further applications in iodoperfluoroalkylation of organic semiconductor-relevant or bioactive molecules demonstrate the synthetic potential of this method.


Assuntos
Alcenos , Fluorcarbonetos , Catálise , Iodetos , Piridinas
8.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 1453, 2022 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35304471

RESUMO

Adipocyte differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (BMSCs) instead of osteoblast formation contributes to age- and menopause-related marrow adiposity and osteoporosis. Vascular calcification often occurs with osteoporosis, a contradictory association called "calcification paradox". Here we show that extracellular vesicles derived from aged bone matrix (AB-EVs) during bone resorption favor BMSC adipogenesis rather than osteogenesis and augment calcification of vascular smooth muscle cells. Intravenous or intramedullary injection of AB-EVs promotes bone-fat imbalance and exacerbates Vitamin D3 (VD3)-induced vascular calcification in young or old mice. Alendronate (ALE), a bone resorption inhibitor, down-regulates AB-EVs release and attenuates aging- and ovariectomy-induced bone-fat imbalance. In the VD3-treated aged mice, ALE suppresses the ovariectomy-induced aggravation of vascular calcification. MiR-483-5p and miR-2861 are enriched in AB-EVs and essential for the AB-EVs-induced bone-fat imbalance and exacerbation of vascular calcification. Our study uncovers the role of AB-EVs as a messenger for calcification paradox by transferring miR-483-5p and miR-2861.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , MicroRNAs , Animais , Matriz Óssea , Diferenciação Celular , Feminino , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteogênese
9.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 5168, 2022 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35338223

RESUMO

Shennongjia is one of the most important ecological function areas and ecologically vulnerable zones in the world. With the rapid development of social economies, especially tourism, the ecological environment of Shennongjia has experienced profound changes. Exploring the characteristics and changing trends of ecological environment in Shennongjia will help to analyze the causes of the damage to the ecological environment, and build a vulnerability analysis framework with multi-scale, multi-element, multi-flow, and multi-circulation characteristics, which provides an effective research paradigm and analysis tool for the study of regional ecological vulnerability. With the support of RS and GIS technology, this study uses spatial principal component analysis (SPCA) and the vulnerability scoring diagram (VSD) model to comprehensively and quantitatively analyze the spatial and temporal evolution characteristics and driving forces of ecological vulnerability in Shennongjia from 1996 to 2018. The VSD model was selected to decompose the vulnerability into three components of "exposure-sensitivity-adaptation", and 16 indicators were selected to construct an ecological vulnerability evaluation system in Shennongjia, and the evaluation data were organized in a progressive and detailed way. (1) During the study period, the overall ecological vulnerability of Shennongjia is in a mild vulnerability level, exhibiting differentiation characteristics of high in the northeast and low in the southwest. High vulnerability zones are mainly distributed in the main towns and roads. (2) The risk of ecological vulnerability of the entire region presents the characteristics of continuous decline. (3) Land-use types, population density, and vegetation coverage are the main factors driving the evolution of ecological vulnerability. (4) A high level of coupling coordination exists between ecological vulnerability and landscape patterns. Analyses of the ecological vulnerability of Shennongjia shows that the entire region is in a mild vulnerability level. The extreme vulnerability risk of the ecological environment shows polarization. The evolution of ecological environment in Shennongjia is the result of the interaction between human activities and natural environment. This study offers an effective way to assess ecological vulnerability and provides some strategies and guidance for improving ecological security.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , China , Cidades , Humanos , Análise de Componente Principal
10.
Foods ; 11(6)2022 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35327213

RESUMO

The effects of sodium alginate (SA) and pH value on the formation, structural properties, microscopic morphology, and physicochemical properties of soybean protein isolate (SPI)/SA microparticles were investigated. The results of ζ-potential and free sulfhydryl (SH) content showed electrostatic interactions between SPI and SA, which promoted the conversion of free SH into disulfide bonds within the protein. The surface hydrophobicity, fluorescence spectra, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy data suggested that the secondary structure and microenvironment of the internal hydrophobic groups of the protein in the SPI/SA microparticles were changed. Compared with SPI microparticles, the surface of SPI/SA microparticles was smoother, the degree of collapse was reduced, and the thermal stability was improved. In addition, under the condition of pH 9.0, the average particle size of SPI/SA microparticles was only 15.92 ± 0.66 µm, and the distribution was uniform. Rheological tests indicated that SA significantly increased the apparent viscosity of SPI/SA microparticles at pH 9.0. The maximum protein solubility (67.32%), foaming ability (91.53 ± 1.12%), and emulsion activity (200.29 ± 3.38 m2/g) of SPI/SA microparticles occurred at pH 9.0. The application of SPI/SA microparticles as ingredients in high-protein foods is expected to be of great significance in the food industry.

11.
J Oncol ; 2022: 4181730, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35310912

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of LncRNA SNHG1 on the proliferation, migration, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of colorectal cancer cells (CRCs). Methods: 4 pairs of CRC tissue samples and their corresponding adjacent samples were analyzed by the human LncRNA microarray chip. The expression of LncSNHG1 in CRC cell lines was verified by qRT-PCR. Colony formation assays and CCK8 assays were applied to study the changes in cell proliferation. The transwell assay and wound healing experiments were used to verify the cell invasion and migration. EMT progression was confirmed finally. Results: LncSNHG1 was overexpressed both in CRC tissues and cell lines, while the miR-181b-5p expression was decreased in CRC cell lines. After knock-down of LncSNHG1, the proliferation, invasion, and migration of HT29 and SW620 cells were all decreased. Meanwhile, LncSNHG1 enhanced EMT progress through regulation of the miR-181b-5p/SMAD2 axis. Conclusion: LncSNHG1 promotes colorectal cancer cell proliferation and invasion through the miR-181b-5p/SMAD2 axis.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35304679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Gastric signet ring cell carcinoma is a rare and highly malignant adenocarcinoma, which is characterized by early metastasis, rapid progression and poor prognosis. Several studies have shown that early-stage gastric signet ring cell carcinoma may have equal or better prognosis than other types of gastric cancer. However, most of the early-stage lesions are difficult to detect by endoscopy. We aim to illustrate the difficulty of early detection of gastric signet ring cell carcinoma with mucosal atrophy. METHODS: The endoscopic and pathological features of two female cases were analyzed by upper gastrointestinal white light endoscopy combined with narrow-band imaging and endoscopic biopsy. RESULTS: Two female cases were diagnosed with early-stage gastric signet ring cell carcinoma with atrophic background mucosa occurring in the middle and lower part of the stomach. Both lesions less than 2.0 cm in diameter were surgically removed and identified as intramucosal adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSION: We can roughly identify the demarcation of the lesion by combining white light endoscopy and narrow-band imaging, and slightly irregular microsurface and microvascular pattern of the lesion were found via magnifying endoscopic observation, but the demarcation can hardly be accurately identified.

13.
Bioresour Technol ; 350: 126906, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35227918

RESUMO

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) are promising bioplastics with excellent physicochemical properties and biodegradability, whereas PHA products suffer from high manufacturing costs. To reduce costs of PHA production, experiments with mixed microbial cultures and low-cost substrates have been conducted widely, where rapid and robust PHA quantification methods are necessary. Compared with traditional gas chromatography methods, PHA fluorescence quantification (PHA-FQ) methods may be quicker, safer and more suitable for modern experiments with high throughput requirements. However, practical applications of PHA-FQ methods are still limited. Therefore, this review provides a comprehensive understanding of PHA-FQ methods. Performance of PHA-staining fluorochromes, relevant spectral properties, and important staining procedures are summarized. Current developments of PHA-FQ protocols are critically reviewed. Main considerations needed to make PHA-FQ protocol reliable are comprehensively discussed. Finally, potential improvements in various aspects of PHA-FQ methods are highlighted. This review could help researchers develop more effective PHA-FQ methods and facilitate future experiments related to PHA.


Assuntos
Poli-Hidroxialcanoatos , Reatores Biológicos , Corantes Fluorescentes , Coloração e Rotulagem
14.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 14(6): 2868-2879, 2022 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35344507

RESUMO

Immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors, such as PD-1/PD-L1 blockage, is becoming standard of practice for an increasing number of cancer types. However, the response rate is only 10%-40%. Thus, identifying biomarkers that could accurately predict the ICI-therapy response is critically important. We downloaded somatic mutation data for 46,697 patients and tumor-infiltrating immune cells levels data for 11070 patients, then combined TP53 and BRAF mutation status into a biomarker model and found that the predict ability of TP53/BRAF mutation model is more powerful than some past models. Commonly, patients with high-TMB status have better response to ICI therapy than patients with low-TMB status. However, the genotype of TP53MUTBRAFWT in high-TMB status cohort have poorer response to ICI therapy than the genotype of BRAFMUTTP53WT in low-TMB status (Median, 18 months vs 47 month). Thus, TP53/BRAF mutation model can add predictive value to TMB in identifying patients who benefited from ICI treatment, which can enable more informed treatment decisions.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Neoplasias , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia , Mutação , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 828: 154395, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35276165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Male fertility has shown a continuously declining tendency for decades. Over exposure to metal/metalloid elements has been proposed as associated with reproductive impairment. However, the hazard profile remained unclear in general public experiencing low-level and combined metal exposure. METHODS: Based on the MARHCS cohort in Chongqing, China, 796 college students were recruited from June 2013 and 666 subjects were followed up next year. At each phase, semen and blood samples were collected for an assessment of semen quality and six sex hormones levels. Eighteen urinary metal/metalloid elements were quantified by ICP-MS as internal exposure biomarkers. Cluster analysis was conducted to characterize reproductive outcomes in the subgroups for different overall estimated exposure levels. Effects of each metal/metalloid element were analyzed using multiple statistical strategies: single-element mixed model, multiple-elements model and self before-after comparison design. RESULTS: The urine concentration for 18 metal/metalloid elements was at a typically lower level (far away from the exposure limits) and positively associated with each other. After adjustment of the potential confounders, a decrease of 11.53% (95% CI: -18.61, -3.84%) and 10.84% (95% CI: -17.93, -3.14%) in spermatid morphology was observed in the highest quantile groups of vanadium (V) and nickel (Ni), respectively. Urinary silver (Ag) was dose-dependent associated with an increase in total sperm number (6.91%, 95% CI: 1.14, 13.00%), sperm concentration (16.38%, 95% CI: 5.15, 28.81%) and semen volume (23.73%, 95% CI: 10.46, 38.60%). Further, hormone testosterone presented a significant decrease in subgroup with higher overall estimated exposure and a stable negative association with lithium (Li). The above relationships remained significant across different statistical strategies (all p values <0.05). CONCLUSION: Our study provided new evidences that exposure to metal/metalloid elements potentially exert bidirectional influences on semen quality at a relatively low level. And serum testosterone appears as a vulnerable index for metal exposure.


Assuntos
Metaloides , Análise do Sêmen , China , Humanos , Masculino , Metais , Estudos Prospectivos , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Estudantes , Testosterona
16.
Chemosphere ; 295: 133805, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35134404

RESUMO

Environmental exposure to metals, including essential and nonessential elements, may be related to semen quality. Our goal was to explore the continuous relationship between seminal metals and sperm parameters. A restricted cubic spline (RCS) was applied to automatic selection criteria to ascertain the optimal smoothing degree. We recruited 841 male volunteers from Henan Province, China. Eighteen seminal metals, namely Al, Cr, Mn, Cu, Zn, Se, As, Ni, Cd, Pb, Co, V, Rb, Ag, Ba, TI, Fe, and Li, and 21 semen parameters were detected. Seminal malondialdehyde (MDA) was also detected to express oxidative stress. We revealed a non-linear relationship of the vanadium and chromium exposure to semen parameters. There were inverse 'U' shapes found between seminal Cr and sperm concentrations, total sperm count, and semen quality. The best semen quality was observed when the seminal Cr concentration was 5.05 ppb, and an increase or decrease in chromium concentration led to decreased semen quality. The V concentration was associated with reduced sperm concentration, total sperm count, normal morphology, and progressive motility at high doses (V > 0.58 ppb). Seminal MDA had a strong adverse association with sperm motility parameters, such as curve line velocity (VCL) (P < 0.001), straight line velocity (VSL) (P = 0.004), velocity of average path (VAP) (P < 0.001), and lateral head movement (ALH) (P = 0.001), whereas it was adversely associated with seminal Zn (ß [95% confidence interval (CI)], -0.28(-0.41-0.16), P < 0.001) after adjusting for confounding factors. Our findings represent the curves of the dose-response relationship between seminal Cr, seminal V, and semen quality, in which seminal MDA was a good indicator of sperm movement. These models provide new insight into the dose-relationship between metal exposure and semen quality, and further investigation is needed to validate this.


Assuntos
Análise do Sêmen , Motilidade Espermática , Humanos , Masculino , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Espermatozoides/fisiologia , Vanádio
17.
Cancer Lett ; 531: 39-56, 2022 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35090965

RESUMO

The response to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) monotherapy remains unsatisfactory in patients with NSCLC. Thus, combining ICIs with other potential modalities is of great significance to enhance the response of single drug alone. Here, we identified that HIF-1α inhibition was capable of promoting anti-tumor immunity in NSCLC. We applied NSCLC cell lines and mouse models to evaluate the synergy of combined HIF-1α inhibition and PD-1 blockade on tumor growth and the function of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs). Public datasets were utilized to investigate patients' prognosis based on expressions of HIF-1α and LOXL2 as well as EMT-associated markers and CD8+ TILs. Moreover, we explored the correlation between HIF-1α and LOXL2 levels and CD8+ TILs in tumor samples from patients with NSCLC by immunohistochemistry, as well as their association to patients' survival. In vitro, PX-478, an HIF-1α inhibitor, promoted tumor cell apoptosis induced by T cells when combined with ICIs. Furthermore, mice treated with PX-478 and anti-PD-1 antibodies exhibited a marked delay in tumor growth and prolonged survival, which correlated with increased TILs and granzyme B secretion. Besides, patients with high HIF-1α expression exhibited high levels of EMT-related markers and low TILs, indicating an immunosuppressive phenotype. Mechanistically, we observed that HIF-1α inhibition suppressed the EMT phenotypes induced by hypoxia and further alleviated tumor immunosuppression, which was related to blockage of HIF-1α/LOXL2 signaling pathway. In summary, we identified that HIF-1α inhibition could synergize with anti-PD-1 to impair tumor growth in vitro and in vivo. Our data suggest that HIF-1α inhibitors represent a promising treatment to enhance anti-tumor immunity and provide preclinical rationale to evaluate the combination of ICIs with HIF-1α inhibition clinically in NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Animais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Camundongos , Prognóstico
18.
Clin Hemorheol Microcirc ; 81(1): 97-107, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35001883

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To establish and to evaluate a machine learning radiomics model based on grayscale and Sonazoid contrast enhanced ultrasound images for the preoperative prediction of microvascular invasion (MVI) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. METHODS: 100 cases of histopathological confirmed HCC lesions were prospectively included. Regions of interest were segmented on both grayscale and Kupffer phase of Sonazoid contrast enhanced (CEUS) images. Radiomic features were extracted from tumor region and region containing 5 mm of peritumoral liver tissues. Maximum relevance minimum redundancy (MRMR) and Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) were used for feature selection and Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier was trained for radiomic signature calculation. Radiomic signatures were incorporated with clinical variables using univariate-multivariate logistic regression for the final prediction of MVI. Receiver operating characteristic curves, calibration curves and decision curve analysis were used to evaluate model's predictive performance of MVI. RESULTS: Age were the only clinical variable significantly associated with MVI. Radiomic signature derived from Kupffer phase images of peritumoral liver tissues (kupfferPT) displayed a significantly better performance with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of 0.800 (95% confidence interval: 0.667, 0.834), the final prediction model using age and kupfferPT achieved an AUROC of 0.804 (95% CI: 0.723, 0.878), accuracy of 75.0%, sensitivity of 87.5% and specificity of 69.1%. CONCLUSIONS: Radiomic model based on Kupffer phase ultrasound images of tissue adjacent to HCC lesions showed an observable better predictive value compared to grayscale images and has potential value to facilitate preoperative identification of HCC patients at higher risk of MVI.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Compostos Férricos , Humanos , Ferro , Neoplasias Hepáticas/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Invasividade Neoplásica , Óxidos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Genes Environ ; 44(1): 5, 2022 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35073991

RESUMO

It has been 40 years since the Chinese Environmental Mutagen Society (CEMS) was established in 1981. Now, it has grown a first-level national society in China, which has 15 professional committees and more than 5000 members. Over the past 40 years, the CEMS has been making many contributions to advance the research of environmental mutagens in China and cultivate professional talents in this field. In the twenty-first century, looking back on what the CEMS has gone through and accomplished, and in light of the major changes in our tasks and mission in the new era, we must plan well for the future, to overcome our shortcomings, to embrace greater development of the CEMS.

20.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 46: 102267, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35091118

RESUMO

Human rabies is a serious public health problem that can't be ignored. Rabies immune globulin (RIG) is an indispensable component of rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). However, current PEP relies on RIG purified from pooled human or equine plasma, which are either in chronic shortage or associated with safety concerns. Monoclonal antibodies have become widely accepted as safer and more cost-effective alternatives to RIG products in recent years. Here, we assessed the neutralization breadth of human monoclonal antibody ormutivimab and its protective efficacy in PEP models. Ormutivimab was able to neutralize a broad panel of Chinese prevalent street RABVs with neutralizing potency form 198-1487.6 IU/mL. Furthermore, ormutivimab offered comparable protection to that with HRIG both at standard doses (20 IU/kg) and higher doses (100 IU/kg and 200 IU/kg). The interference of ormutivimab on vaccine potency was also analyzed and found slightly reduced neutralizing antibody titers similar to HRIG. The broad-spectrum neutralization activities, highly protective potency, and rapid onset of action make ormutivimab an effective candidate for human rabies PEP.


Assuntos
Vacinas Antirrábicas , Vírus da Raiva , Raiva , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Antivirais , Cavalos , Humanos , Modelos Animais , Profilaxia Pós-Exposição , Raiva/prevenção & controle
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