Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 753
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











Intervalo de ano
1.
J Foot Ankle Surg ; 58(5): 954-958, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474407

RESUMO

Vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) is a noninvasive adjunctive therapy to help patients with diabetic foot ulcers by reducing edema and promoting wound healing and formation of granulation tissue. Multiple databases were searched for relevant studies, and full-text articles comparing VSD and conventional therapy were reviewed. Meta-analyses were conducted with Review Manager 5.0 software to estimate the results of the selected articles. Forest plots, sensitivity analysis, and bias analysis were also performed on the included articles. In total, 10 studies satisfied the inclusion criteria and were selected in this study. The meta-analysis suggested that the duration of therapy, decrease of wound size, and efficacy rate showed statistically significant differences between the 2 groups (mean difference = -12.86; 95% confidence interval [CI] -12.86 to -8.52; p < .00001; mean difference = 8.71; 95% CI 3.25 to 14.17; p = .002; relative risk = 1.41; 95% CI 1.22 to 1.62; p < .00001, respectively) although the complication rate between the 2 groups was comparable (relative risk = 0.83; 95% CI 0.60 to 1.16; p = .28). Publication bias was not assessed because only a few articles were included. In conclusion, VSD is a more effective therapy and is associated with a greater decrease in wound size and shorter time to wound healing, compared to the conventional method.

2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 12027, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427648

RESUMO

A method to improve the brazing between YSZ and Ti6Al4V by femtosecond laser surface machining is introduced. The highest strength of ~150 MPa (which is 95.2% higher than that of the flat YSZ/Ti6Al4V joint) is achieved when the processing speed is 200 µm/s. To understand the strengthen mechanism of the surface machining on the joint strength, image based models, based on the observed microstructure, have been used to probe the stress distribution in the joint. It is found that through surface machining on the ceramic, the residual stress distribution in ceramic becomes nonlinear. Upon shear testing, for the joint with a flat interface, the failure happens in the reaction layer and the out of plane stress in this layer is found to be tensile, which acts as the driving force for the crack generation and propagation. But for the joint with a rumpled interface, the compressive out of plane stress at the boundary of the grooves in the reaction layer could inhibit the propagation of the cracks. Finally, by surface machining on the ceramic, the maximum shear stress in the reaction layer is decreased, which could also help to improve the reliability of the joint.

3.
J Comp Eff Res ; 8(10): 791-797, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397173

RESUMO

Aim: To assess the efficiency and safety of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in the total hip and knee arthroplasty, we conducted a meta-analysis from randomized controlled trials. Methods: Potential academic articles were identified from the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, Springer and ScienceDirect. Secondary sources were identified from the references of the included literature. RevMan 5.1 was used to analyze the pooled data. Results: Six randomized controlled trials met the inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis showed more superficial surgical site infection and blisters in patients with total knee arthroplasty. There were no significant differences between two groups in total infection and total complications. Conclusion: NPWT decreased the incidence of superficial surgical site infection. More blisters were noticed in patients with NPWT after total knee arthroplasty.

4.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(8): 2591-2599, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418182

RESUMO

As important topographic factors, slope aspect and gradient affect plant growth and leaf functional traits by regulating the combination of water and heat. Exploring the response of leaf functional traits to topographic factors is helpful for understanding plant adaptation strategies. We investigated the effects of sunny slope (including half sunny slope) and shady slope (including half shady slope) and three slope gradient (15°-20°, 21°-25°, and 26°-30°) on the leaf functional traits of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.), the main afforestation tree species on the Loess Plateau. The results showed that: 1) Slope aspect and gradient exerted significant effects on all functional traits. Except leaf water content (LWC), other leaf functional traits were not affected by the interaction of slope aspect and gradient. 2) The leaf area (LA) under the sunny slope was equivalent to that under the shady slope. Leaf dry matter content (LDMC) and LWC (0.27 g·g-1 and 67.0%, respectively) were significantly higher under the shady slope than under the sunny slope (0.24 g·g-1 and 59.6%, respectively), while specific leaf area (SLA) (163.05 cm2·g-1) was significantly lower under the former than under the latter (183.72 cm2·g-1). 3) At different slope gradients, SLA and LA reached a maximum value at 15°-20° (184.04 cm2·g-1) and 26°-30° (21.14 cm2), respectively. 4) Except no difference in soil water content (Θ) between 15°-20° and 26°-30°, it differed significantly between two slope aspects and among other slope gradients. The Θ was one of the main factors causing the differences in functional traits, especially in the 0-10 cm soil layer. 5) SLA was negatively correlated with LWC and LDW and positively correlated with LA. LDW was positively correlated with LWC and negatively correlated with LA. Θ was positively correlated with LWC but not with other leaf functional traits.

5.
J Hazard Mater ; 381: 120944, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382132

RESUMO

Unloaded and Pt-loaded ZnO nanosheets with 120-170 nm sizes were successfully synthesized by a facile one-pot hydrothermal route followed by a calcination treatment. The as-synthesized samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). It can be clearly observed that Pt nanoparticles with the diameter of 3-5 nm were uniformly loaded on the surface of ZnO nanosheets. A contrastive study based on CO gas sensing performance of bare ZnO and Pt/ZnO was carried out. According to the measurement results, the loading of Pt remarkably upgraded the sensing capability toward CO. The 0.50 at.% Pt/ZnO based gas sensor exhibited an obvious response value of 3.57 toward 50 ppm CO and fast response/recovery time (6/19 s). Besides, the detection limit was as low as 0.10 ppm and the optimal operating temperature was decreased from 210 °C to 180 °C. The enhanced CO sensing performance by Pt nanoparticles could be attributed to the combination of chemical sensitization and electronic sensitization. The 0.50 at.% Pt/ZnO is an efficient sensor material for rapidly detecting low-concentration CO.

6.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435813

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) has been identified to be one of the most prevalent forms of joint disorders, marked with inflammatory immune response that may give rise to several complications including disability. Numbers of investigations have proven that microRNA play a key role in chondrogenesis regulation. Accordingly, the current study was intended to explore more about the potential role of miR-940 in the regulation of immune response, pertaining to osteoarthritis. Our findings indicated miR-940 associated down-regulation in both, the tissue as well as at cellular levels, i.e. chondrocytes that are being induced with IL-1ß. However, the expression of MyD88 was found to be opposite. Moreover, our findings indicated that miR-940 targets MyD88 to regulate its expression. The study was based on the proposition that normal human chondrocytes when induced with IL-1ß significantly enhanced the level of inflammation along with simultaneous stimulation of NF-κB signaling mechanism. Alternatively, siRNA against MyD88, miR-940 mimic or the NF-κB inhibitor, reversed the effect of IL-1ß. The chondrocytes that were transfected with miR-940 inhibitor increased the secretion of inflammatory cytokines and activated NF-κB. Furthermore, the expression of miR-490 was reduced in vivo, which was increased through an injection of lentivirus, to foster the production of necessary cytokines and NF-κB and the down-regulation of MyD88. In conclusion, the pathogenesis of OA can be regulated by miR-940/MyD88 axis, which can be achieved through the combined signaling mechanism of MyD88/NF-κB signaling, induced with the help of IL-1ß.

7.
Oncol Res ; 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270006

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) participate in and regulate the biological process of colorectal cancer progression. Our previous research identified differentially expressed lncRNAs in 10 colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues and 10 matched nontumor tissues by nextgeneration sequencing (NGS). In this study, we identified an lncRNA, FEZF1 antisense RNA 1 (FEZF1-AS1), and further explored its function and mechanism in CRC. We verified that FEZF1-AS1 is highly expressed in CRC tissues and cell lines. Through functional experiments, we found that reduced levels of FEZF1-AS1 significantly suppressed CRC cell migration, invasion and proliferation and inhibited tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, we discovered that reduced levels of the lncRNA FEZF1-AS1 inhibited the activation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), the overexpression of OTX1 (Orthodenticle homeobox 1) partially rescued the FEZF1-AS1-induced inhibition of protein expression. It indicated that FEZF1-AS1 may play a role in the occurrence and development of CRC by regulating the FEZF1-AS1/OTX1/EMT. Furthermore, it was reported that FEZF1-AS1 located in both the nucleus and cytoplasm of HCT116 cells. Dual-luciferase reporter assays verified that FEZF1-AS1 directly binds miR-30a-5p and negatively regulated each other. Further, we showed that NT5E (5'-nucleotidase ecto) is a direct target of miR-30a-5p, and the inhibition of miR-30a-5p expression partially rescued the inhibitory effect of FEZF1-AS1 on NT5E. Our results indicated that the mechanism by which FEZF1-AS1 positively regulates the expression of NT5E through sponging miR-30a-5p. Our study demonstrated that lncRNA FEZF1-AS1 is involved in the development of CRC and may serve as a diagnostic and therapeutic target for CRC patients.

8.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 10544, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332233

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine whether there is an association between mammographic casting-type calcification and other prognostic factors for invasive breast cancer. We also assessed whether casting-type calcification could be an independent prognostic factor. Invasive breast cancer patient information from January 2010 and January 2013 was retrospectively reviewed. The associations between mammographic casting-type calcification and other clinicopathological factors, including tumor size, node status, grade, progesterone receptor (PR) status, estrogen receptor (ER) status, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status, were analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier method and a Cox proportional hazards model were used for survival analyses of disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). A total of 1155 invasive breast cancer patients who underwent definitive surgery were included, and 136 cases (11.8%) had casting-type calcification on mammography. In multivariate logistic regression, casting-type calcification was significantly associated with axillary node metastasis, ER-negativity, and HER2 overexpression. Casting-type calcification significantly decreased OS and DFS after a median follow-up of 60 months. This result remained after adjusting other prognostic factors in the multivariate analysis. Casting-type calcification is significantly linked to axillary node metastasis, ER-negativity and HER2 overexpression. Casting-type calcification is therefore an independent prognostic factor for breast cancer patients.

9.
Int J Med Sci ; 16(6): 831-837, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337956

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate the effects of inferior alveolar nerve on new bone formation in rabbit mandibular distraction osteogenesis. Methods: 20 New Zealand White rabbits underwent bilateral distraction osteogenesis with a rate of 1 mm/day. The inferior alveolar nerve of one side was resected under the surgical microscope, with the inferior alveolar vascular intact. The contralateral side received sham operation. The rabbits were sacrificed at consolidation time of 28 days. The regenerate callus underwent radiograph examination, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, haematoxylin and eosin staining and histomorphometric analysis. A paired t-test was performed using SPSS 16.0 software package. Results: The BMD of the new bone in the distraction gap on the denervation side of mandibular was significantly lower (P<0.05) than on the control side. The histological investigation showed that the bone trabeculae were dis-arrayed containing dispersed cartilage cells on the denervation side, whereas the bone trabeculae were orderly with rich blood vessels and no cartilage cell on the control side. Both new bone volume and the thickness of new trabeculae were significantly lower on the denervation side than on the control side (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The loss of the sensory nerves could result in a decrease of the new bone quality during the mandibular distraction osteogenesis.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(33): 29814-29820, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340645

RESUMO

A large transition dipole moment is usually pursued by strategies of twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) or planar intramolecular charge transfer (PICT) to obtain obvious Stokes shifts and dramatic color changes with tuning of polarities. However, both strategies have their drawbacks and suffer from fluorescence quenching in solid states. Herein, a ladder-type molecule ISOAA-H with an intramolecular hydrogen bond is designed, which undergoes intramolecular charge transfer and proton shift to harvest a large transition dipole moment under light irradiation. Thanks to its out-of-plane side chains, the intermolecular π-π stacking of backbones is prohibited and solid emission is generated. ISOAA-H exhibits outstanding solvatochromic behavior with polarity changes of solvents or polymer matrixes and is successfully used to detect the microphase separation of polymer blends. These results indicate that a strategy combining the advantages of TICT and PICT is established for environment-sensitive dyes used in both solution and solid state.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(28): 25133-25139, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268650

RESUMO

Although introducing more fillers in nanocages is beneficial to gain low lattice thermal conductivity within filling fraction limit, accompanying high electronic thermal conductivity usually results in an unsatisfactory figure of merit ZT in CoSb3. In this work, Sn is adopted to tailor the electronic transport behavior for a high-filled Yb0.3Co4Sb12 alloy through rapid melt spinning combined with hot-press sintering processes. In spite of the reduced electrical conductivity, the power factors are scarcely influenced due to improved Seebeck coefficients by the reduced carrier concentration and moderate ionized impurity scattering. However, the lower total thermal conductivity is synergistically tuned by the effective suppression of electronic thermal conductivity and the low lattice thermal conductivity. As a result, both the high maximum ZT value of 1.4 at 823 K and the average ZT value of ∼0.98 between 300 and 850 K can be achieved in the Yb0.3Co4Sb11.85Sn0.15 sample. This work illustrates a promising approach for improving thermoelectric properties by largely tuning the electronic thermal conductivity.

13.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 554: 59-65, 2019 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279273

RESUMO

The introduction of oxygen vacancies into electrode materials has been proven to be a valid way to enhance the electrochemical performance. However, the traditional methods to introduce oxygen vacancies require severe conditions that may be harmful to hydroxides. Herein, the oxygen vacancy-rich nickel-cobalt (NiCo) layered double hydroxide (denoted as Vo-NiCo LDH) nanowire array electrode is synthesized using the chemical reduction method. Owing to the reduction of NaBH4 solution, we can create oxygen vacancies under milder conditions, thus avoiding any damage to the hydroxide. The as-synthesized electrode shows a specific capacitance of 1563.1 F g-1 at 1 A g-1, which is much higher than that of the pristine electrode (995.4 F g-1 at 1 A g-1). Moreover, the cycling performance and rate performance are also enhanced. The as-fabricated asymmetric supercapacitor (Vo-NiCo LDH//Fe2O3) is able to deliver a maximum energy density of 56.2 W h kg-1 at a power density of 800 W kg-1 with a voltage window of 1.6 V.

14.
Talanta ; 202: 230-236, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171175

RESUMO

Rapid and non-destructive detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) with no disruption of their functions is of great significance for clinical tumor therapy. However, many existing methods for CTC detection commonly rely on conventional three-color immunofluorescence identification, which damages CTCs and easily causes loss of cells. Here, we employed a method to simultaneously capture and authenticate CTCs based on immunonanocomposites (ZnS:Mn2+ QDs and Fe3O4/SiO2) equipped with permanent fluorescent and magnetic properties. A multifunctional nanocomposite was synthesized by encapsulating ZnS:Mn2+ quantum dots (QDs) and Fe3O4 nanoparticles into SiO2 nanospheres and bio-conjugating tumor-specific anti-EpCAM antibodies onto the surface. The resulting nanocomposite had a high tumor cell binding ability, and the Fe3O4 nanoparticles had a rapid magnetic response that enabled capture of circulating tumor cells from patients' blood within minutes. In addition, the cell-immunonanocomposites complexes could be directly recognized by the yellow-orange light emitted by the ZnS:Mn2+ quantum dots, thus labeling cells without utilizing the complicated and destructive procedures involved in traditional CTCs identification. We successfully achieved a high capture efficiency of up to 90.8%, and the specific fluorescence labeling of CTCs was realized in 9 clinical breast cancer patients' samples. Furthermore, this simple, convenient and cell-friendly approach is significant for solving the problems of cell viability and enables non-destructive CTC detection, which marks an advance in cancer treatment and clinical applications.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Manganês/química , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Pontos Quânticos/química , Sulfetos/química , Compostos de Zinco/química , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície
15.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 133(3): 253-261, 2019 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187732

RESUMO

Genetic variation in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) Class IIB was tested in Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus, and the association between the MHC IIB alleles and disease resistance was also studied. F3 fry offspring (n = 1200) from 12 full-sib families were challenged with Streptococcus agalactiae, which caused significantly different mortalities in different Nile tilapia families (11.00-81.10%). Twenty fry (F1) from each of the 12 families were selected to study the polymorphisms of the MHC Class IIB gene using PCR followed by cloning and sequencing methods. The results showed that the size of the amplified fragment was 770-797 bp. Thirty-seven sequences from 240 individuals revealed 22 different alleles, which belonged to 9 major allele types. Up to 63.58% of nucleotide positions were variable, while the proportion of the amino acid variable positions was up to 68.73%. According to the survival rate of offspring (F3) from 12 full-sib families, we deduced that the alleles Orni-DAB*0107, Orni-DAB*0201 and Orni-DAB*0302 were highly associated with resistance to S. agalactiae, while the allele Orni-DAB*0701 was associated with susceptibility to S. agalactiae. In addition, our previous study found that the allele Orni-DAB*0201 was more frequently distributed in the disease-resistant groups. Therefore, the allele Orni-DAB*0201 could be used as an S. agalactiae resistance-related MHC marker in molecular marker-assisted selective breeding programs for S. agalactiae-resistant Nile tilapia.


Assuntos
Ciclídeos , Doenças dos Peixes , Infecções Estreptocócicas , Animais , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II , Polimorfismo Genético , Streptococcus agalactiae
16.
Curr Med Chem ; 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Developing a controllable drug delivery system is imperative and important to reduce side effects and enhance the therapeutic efficacy of drugs. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)-an emerging class of hybrid porous materials built from metal ions or clusters bridged by organic linkers-have attracted increasing attention in recent years owing to the unique physical structures possessed, and the potential for vast applications. The superior properties of MOFs, such as well-defined pore aperture, tailorable composition and structure, tunable size, versatile functionality, high agent loading, and improved biocompatibility, have made them promising candidates as drug delivery hosts. MOFs for drug delivery is of great interest and many very promising results have been found, indicating that these porous solids exhibit several advantages over existing systems. OBJECTIVE: This review highlights the latest advances in the synthesis, functionalization, and applications of MOFs in drug delivery, and has classified them using drug loading strategies. Finally, challenges and future perspectives in this research area are also outlined.

17.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 27(15): 3421-3439, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204229

RESUMO

Compounds that react irreversibly with cysteines have reemerged as potent and selective tools for altering protein function, serving as chemical probes and even clinically approved drugs. The exquisite sensitivity of human immune cell signaling pathways to oxidative stress indicates the likely, yet still underexploited, general utility of covalent probes for selective chemical immunomodulation. Here, we provide an overview of immunomodulatory cysteines, including identification of electrophilic compounds available to label these residues. We focus our discussion on three protein classes essential for cell signaling, which span the 'druggability' spectrum from amenable to chemical probes (kinases), somewhat druggable (proteases), to inaccessible (phosphatases). Using existing inhibitors as a guide, we identify general strategies to guide the development of covalent probes for selected undruggable classes of proteins and propose the application of such compounds to alter immune cell functions.

19.
Dalton Trans ; 48(24): 8623-8632, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31107477

RESUMO

Intrinsically poor conductivity, sluggish ion transfer kinetics, and limited specific area are the three main obstacles that confine the electrochemical performance of metal oxides in supercapacitors. Engineered hollow metal oxide nanostructures can effectively satisfy the increasing power demand of modern electronics. In this work, both triple-shelled MnO2 and hollow Fe2O3 microcubes have been synthesized from a single MnCO3 template. The oxygen vacancies are introduced in both the positive and negative electrodes through a facile method. The oxygen vacancies can not only improve the conductivity and facilitate ion diffusion but also increase the electrode/electrolyte interfaces and electrochemically active sites. Consequently, both the oxygen-deficient triple-shelled MnO2 and hollow Fe2O3 exhibit larger capacitance and rate capability than the samples without oxygen vacancies. Moreover, due to the matchable specific capacitance and potential window between the positive and negative electrodes, the asymmetric supercapacitor exhibits high specific capacitance (240 F g-1), excellent energy density of 133 W h kg-1 at 1176 W kg-1, excellent power density (23 529 W kg-1 at 73 W h kg-1), and high cycling stability (90.9% after 5000 cycles). This strategy is highly reproducible in oxide-based electrodes, which have the potential to meet the requirements of practical application.

20.
Clin Chim Acta ; 495: 358-364, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075236

RESUMO

Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin 9 (PCSK9) regulates lipid metabolism by degrading low-density lipoprotein receptor on the surface of hepatocytes. PCSK9-mediated lipid degradation is associated with lipophagy. Lipophagy is a process by which autophagosomes selectively sequester lipid-droplet-stored lipids and are delivered to lysosomes for degradation. Lipophagy was first discovered in hepatocytes, and its occurrence provides important fundamental insights into how lipid metabolism regulates cellular physiology and pathophysiology. Furthermore, PCSK9 may regulate lipid levels by affecting lipophagy. This review will discuss recent advances by which PCSK9 mediates lipid degradation via the lipophagy pathway and present lipophagy as a potential therapeutic target for atherosclerosis.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA