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1.
Mar Genomics ; 56: 100807, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632424

RESUMO

Salinimonas sediminis N102T is a cold-adapted, slightly halophilic piezophile isolated from deep-sea sediment (4700 m) of the New Britain Trench. In this study, we report the complete genome sequence of S. sediminis N102T, which is comprised of 4,440,293 base pairs with a mean G + C content of 48.2 mol%. The complete genome harbors 3851 predicted protein-coding genes, 70 tRNA genes and 15 rRNA genes. Abundant genes in the genome were predicted to be linked to bacterial deep-sea lifestyle. The complete genome sequence of S. sediminis N102T provides insights into the microbial adaptation strategies to the deep-sea environment.

2.
Neuroscience ; 449: 147-156, 2020 11 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926954

RESUMO

Dendrite-targeting somatostatin-expressing interneurons (SST-INs) powerfully control signal integration and synaptic plasticity in pyramidal dendrites during cortical development. We previously showed that synaptic transmission from SST-INs to pyramidal cells (PCs) (SST-IN → PC) in the mouse visual cortex suddenly declined at around the second postnatal week. However, it is unclear what specific postsynaptic mechanisms underlie this developmental change. Using multiple whole-cell patch-clamp recordings, we found that application of an α5-GABAA receptor-selective inverse agonist, alpha5IA, significantly weakened SST-IN → PC unitary inhibitory postsynaptic currents (uIPSCs) in layer 2/3 of the mouse visual cortex, but had no effect on uIPSCs from SST-INs to other types of interneurons. The extent of alpha5IA-induced reduction of SST-IN → PC synaptic transmission was significantly larger at postnatal days 11-13 (P11-13) than P14-17. Moreover, α5-subunit-containing GABAA receptors (α5-GABAARs)-mediated uIPSCs had slow rise and decay kinetics. Apart from pharmacological test, we observed that SST-IN → PC synapses did indeed contain α5-GABAARs by immunogold labeling for electron microscopy. More importantly, coinciding with the weakening of SST-IN → PC synaptic transmission, the number of α5-GABAAR particles in SST-IN → PC synapses significantly decreased at around the second postnatal week. Together, these data indicate that α5-GABAARs are involved in synaptic transmission from SST-INs to PCs in the neocortex, and are significantly diminished around the second postnatal week.

3.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 1521, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32765444

RESUMO

Surprisingly high rates of microbial respiration have recently been reported in hadal trench sediment, yet the potentially active microorganisms and specific microbe-microbe relationships in trench sediment are largely unknown. We investigated the bulk and active prokaryotic communities and co-occurrence interactions of different lineages in vertically sectioned sediment cores taken from the deepest points of the Mariana and Mussau Trenches. Analysis on species novelty revealed for the first time the high rate of novel lineages in the microbial communities of the hadal trenches. Using 95, 97, and 99% similarity as thresholds, averagely 22.29, 32.3, and 64.1% of total OTUs retrieved from sediments of the two trenches were identified as the potentially novel lineages, respectively. The compositions of the potentially active communities, revealed via ribosomal RNA (rRNA), were significantly different from those of bulk communities (rDNA) in all samples from both trenches. The dominant taxa in bulk communities generally accounted for low proportions in the rRNA libraries, signifying that the abundance was not necessarily related to community functions in the hadal sediments. The potentially active communities showed high diversity and composed primarily of heterotrophic lineages, supporting their potential contributions in organic carbon consumption. Network analysis revealed high modularity and non-random co-occurrence of phylogenetically unrelated taxa, indicating highly specified micro-niches and close microbial interactions in the hadal sediments tested. Combined analysis of activity potentials and network keystone scores revealed significance of phyla Chloroflexi and Gemmatimonadetes, as well as several potentially alkane-degrading taxa in maintaining microbial interactions and functions of the trench communities. Overall, our results demonstrate that the hadal trenches harbor diverse, closely interacting, and active microorganisms, despite the extreme environmental conditions.

4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4315-4320, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579094

RESUMO

A novel marine Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, aerobic and rod-shaped bacterium, designated as strain MT-229T, was isolated from the deep seawater in the Mariana Trench and characterized phylogenetically and phenotypically. Bacterial optimal growth occurred at 30 °C (ranging 10-40 °C), pH 6 (ranging 3-11) and with 11 % (w/v) NaCl (ranging 0-17 %). Strain MT-229T was a piezophile, growing optimally at 20 MPa (range 0.1-70 MPa). The nearest phylogenetic neighbours were Muricauda antarctica CGMCC 1.2174T and Muricauda taeanensis JCM 17757T with 16S rRNA gene similarity of 98.7 %. The sole respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6 (MK-6). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), two unidentified aminolipids (AL) and ten unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids of strain MT-229T were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 1 G. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 45.6 mol%. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data indicated that strain MT-229T represents a novel species of the genus Muricauda, for which the name Muricauda hadalis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain MT-229T (=DSM 109894T=MCCC 1K04201T). In addition, the whole-genome-based comparisons revealed that the type strains of Muricauda antarctica and Muricauda teanensis belong to a single species. It is, therefore, proposed that M. antarctica be recognized as a heterotypic synonym of M. teanensis.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
5.
Food Funct ; 11(5): 3838-3850, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319456

RESUMO

The inhibition of porcine pancreatic α-amylase (PPA) by 9 galloyl-based polyphenols was evaluated via initial digestion velocity, IC50, inhibition kinetics, fluorescence quenching and molecular docking studies. The results show that the polyphenols with free galloyl moieties (GMs) exhibited a much higher inhibition effect than that with bound GMs. The inhibition was competitive mode and increased with an increase in the number of free GMs. Interestingly, all the constants that indicate the binding affinity of polyphenols to PPA, including the reciprocal of the competitive inhibition constant (1/Kic), fluorescence quenching constant (KFQ) and binding energy (Eb), increased with an increase in the number of free GMs. Besides, the respective order of 1/Kic, KFQ and Eb for the galloyl-based polyphenols was contrary to that of IC50, indicating that the polyphenol-PPA binding interactions resulted in enzyme inhibition. In addition, the binding interactions were suggested to result from the hydrogen bonding and π-π conjugation forces between the free GMs and amino acid residues at the active sites of PPA, whereas the chemical linkage of the GMs with additional polyphenol groups limited these interactions. Furthermore, the hypoglycemic effects of two polyphenols with 5 free GMs indicate that GMs may be considered a functional fragment involved in the alleviation of the symptoms of type II diabetes through α-amylase inhibition.

6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(4): 2560-2568, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129736

RESUMO

A piezotolerant, H2O2-tolerant, heavy-metal-tolerant, slightly halophilic bacterium (strain NBT06E8T) was isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected from the New Britain Trench at depth of 8900 m. The strain was aerobic, motile, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, oxidase-positive and catalase-positive. Growth of the strain was observed at 4-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5-11 (optimum, pH 8-9) and in 0.5-21 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3-7 %). The optimum pressure for growth was 0.1-30 MPa with tolerance up to 60 MPa. Under optimum growth conditions, the strain could tolerate 15 mM H2O2. Resuls of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain NBT06E8T is closely related to Halomonas aquamarina DSM 30161T (99.5%), Halomonas meridiana DSM 5425T (99.43%) and Halomonas axialensis Althf1T (99.35%). The digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain NBT06E8T and the three related type strains, H. aquamarina, H. meridiana and H. axialensis, were 30.5±2.4 %, 30.7±2.5% and 31.5±2.5 %, respectively. The average nucleotide identity values between strain NBT06E8T and the three related type strains were 86.26, 86.26 and 83.63 %, respectively. The major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c) and C16 : 0. The predominant respiratory quinone detected was ubiquinone-9 (Q-9). Based on its phenotypic and phylogenetic characteristics, we conclude that strain NBT06E8T represents a novel species of the genus Halomonas, for which the name Halomonas piezotolerans sp. nov. is proposed (type strain NBT06E8T= MCCC 1K04228T=KCTC 72680T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Halomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Halomonas/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
7.
Genomics ; 112(3): 2633-2639, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070763

RESUMO

Camels as a sort of animal long living in desert have evolved stress-resistance characteristics to adapt to environment with high temperature and water shortage environment. However, the research of non-coding RNA (ncRNA)-mediated molecular regulation about how camel responds to arid condition in post-transcriptional regulation level is deficient. Under water-deprivation stress, by RNA-sequencing of camel renal medulla associated with regulating water metabolism, we detected significantly differential 575 alternative splicing events (ASEs) and 17 mRNAs, 26 miRNAs and 0 lncRNA. The down-regulated ACLY and LOC105061856, up-regulated PCBP2 and miR-195 potentially targeting LOC105061856 and PCBP2 mRNA were selected as candidate resistance-related genes. In quantitative experiment, the expression level of above four genes was consistent with RNA-seq data by qRT-PCR. The suppressive cell dehydration with down-regulated ACLY, inhibitive aerobic respiration with down-regulated LOC105061856 targeted by miR-195 and strong anti-oxidative capability with PCBP2 aimed by miR-195 may be regulatory modes of camel renal medulla adapting to water-deprivation condition.

8.
Microbiologyopen ; 9(2): e966, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743595

RESUMO

A novel piezophilic alphaproteobacterium, strain D4M1T , was isolated from deep seawater of the Mariana Trench. 16S rRNA gene analysis showed that strain D4M1T was most closely related to Oceanicella actignis PRQ-67T (94.2%), Oceanibium sediminis O448T (94.2%), and Thioclava electrotropha ElOx9T (94.1%). Phylogenetic analyses based on both 16S rRNA gene and genome sequences showed that strain D4M1T formed an independent monophyletic branch paralleled with the genus Oceanicella in the family Rhodobacteraceae. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic short rods, and grew optimally at 37°C, pH 6.5, and 3.0% (w/v) NaCl. Strain D4M1T was piezophilic with the optimum pressure of 10 MPa. The principal fatty acids were C18:1 ω7c/C18:1 ω6c and C16:0 , major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10, and predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, and an unidentified aminophospholipid. The complete genome contained 5,468,583-bp with a G + C content of 70.2 mol% and contained 4,855 protein-coding genes and 78 RNA genes. Genomic analysis revealed abundant clues on bacterial high-pressure adaptation and piezophilic lifestyle. The combined evidence shows that strain D4M1T represents a novel species of a novel genus in the family Rhodobacteraceae, for which the name Paraoceanicella profunda gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed (type strain D4M1T  = MCCC 1K03820T  = KCTC 72285T ).

9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 373-379, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613738

RESUMO

A novel alphaproteobacterium, strain WS11T, was isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected from the New Britain Trench. The full-length 16S rRNA gene of strain WS11T had the highest sequence similarity of 97.6 % to Rhizobium subbaraonis JC85T, followed by Mycoplana ramosa DSM 7292T (96.9 %) and Rhizobium azooxidifex Po 20/26T (96.8 %). Phylogenetic analysis of concatenated 16S rRNA, atpD and recA gene sequences showed that strain WS11T was deeply separated from the species within the family Rhizobiaceae. Phylogenomic analysis based on the whole-genome protein sequences showed that strain WS11T formed an independent monophyletic branch in the family Rhizobiaceae, paralleled with the species in the families Brucellaceae and Phyllobacteriaceae within the order Rhizobiales. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, and aerobic short rods (1.5-2.4×0.9-1.0 µm). Growth was observed at salinities ranging from 0 to 5% (optimum, 1 %), from pH 6.5 to 9 (optimum, pH 7) and at temperatures between 20 and 30 °C (optimum, 28 °C). Strain WS11T was piezotolerant, growing optimally at 0.1 MPa (range 0.1-70 MPa). The main fatty acid was summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/C18  : 1 ω 6c). The sole respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10). The predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, two unidentified aminophospholipids and an unidentified phospholipid. The genome size was about 4.36 Mbp and the G+C content was 62.3 mol%. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that strain WS11T represents a novel species of a novel genus in the family Rhizobiaceae, for which the name Georhizobium profundi gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed (type strain WS11T=MCCC 1K03498T=KCTC 62439T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
10.
Food Chem X ; 3: 100029, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432021

RESUMO

To enhance the physicochemical and functional properties of insoluble dietary fiber (IDF) from buckwheat straw, we investigated the effects of alkaline hydrogen peroxide (AHP) treatment. Electron microscopy showed that the IDF had regular and compact tubes that turned into wrinkled lamellar products. After AHP treatment, X-ray diffraction indicated that the crystalline structure of the IDF was perturbed. And an undesirable decrease was observed in the content of hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives, hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives, flavonoids and the antioxidant capacity of IDF modified by AHP; however, the hydration properties (such as water holding capacity), α-amylase inhibition activity and glucose adsorption capacity of IDF were significantly enhanced by AHP. Furthermore, AHP led to a redistribution of monosaccharides in soluble dietary fiber and IDF, an interesting finding hinting at the mechanism and potential applications of AHP modification of IDF. In this study, AHP enhanced the physiological and functional properties of buckwheat straw IDF.

11.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 138: 819-830, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31351959

RESUMO

The effects of dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma treatment on physicochemical and digestion properties of Tartary buckwheat (TBS), sorghum (SS), wheat (WS) and quinoa (QS) starches were investigated. Plasma treatment resulted in higher solubility and lower swelling capacity of the starch samples studied. Through XRD and FTIR analyses, the relative crystallinity of starch was increased by DBD plasma, while the crystalline type remained unchanged. It was observed from SEM that more fissures and holes appeared for TBS and SS granules, and granule aggregation occurred for WS and QS caused by plasma treatment, both of which made digestion enzymes more accessible to the four starches. In addition, a marked increase in gelatinization temperature and significant reduction in viscosity of plasma treated starches were found. Interestingly, the increased enzyme accessibility and decreased viscosity of starch were consistent with the enhanced starch digestibility that was suggested by the increased RDS content, digestion rate and digestion velocity constant. Therefore, the DBD plasma treatment on starch may be not in favor of postprandial blood sugar control, but it is suggested to be applied in some industrial processes that need acceleration in starch hydrolyzation, such as bioethanol production, brewing and food fermentation.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Químicos , Gases em Plasma/química , Amido/química , Amilose/química , Digestão , Hidrólise , Análise Espectral , Termogravimetria
12.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 112(10): 1545-1552, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31114973

RESUMO

A Gram-stain negative, non-motile and short rod shaped bacterium, designated strain DSL-12T, was isolated from seawater of the East China Sea and characterised phylogenetically and phenotypically. Optimal growth was found to occur at 28 °C (range 4-40 °C), pH 7 (range 6-12) and with 3% (w/v) NaCl (range 0-8%). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain DSL-12T is related to members of the genus Algoriphagus and shares high sequence similarities with Algoriphagus boritolerans DSM 17298T (97.6%) and Algoriphagus alkaliphilus DSM 22703T (97.6%). The 16S rRNA gene sequence identities between strain DSL-12T and other current members of the genus Algoriphagus were below 96.4%. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain DSL-12T and the type strains A. boritolerans DSM 17298T and A. alkaliphilus DSM 22703T were found to be 21.2 ± 2.4% and 20.2 ± 2.4%, respectively. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between strain DSL-12T and A. boritolerans DSM 17298T and A. alkaliphilus DSM 22703T were found to be 83.2% and 82.8%, respectively. The sole respiratory quinone was identified as MK-7. The major polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified phospholipid and two unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids identified as were iso-C15:0, summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c), C16:0, summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c) and iso-C17:0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was determined to be 43.3 mol%. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data indicate that strain DSL-12T represents a novel species of the genus Algoriphagus, for which the name Algoriphagus litoralis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain DSL-12T (= KCTC 62647T = MCCC 1K03536T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Água Doce/microbiologia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/genética , Bacteroidetes/fisiologia , Composição de Bases , China , Análise por Conglomerados , Citosol/química , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Lagos , Locomoção , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceanos e Mares , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , Quinonas/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo , Temperatura
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(5): 1423-1425, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30843786

RESUMO

Alteromonas indica IO390401T was compared with Salinimonas sediminis N102T to examine the taxonomic relationship between the two type strains. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of A. indica IO390401T shared high similarity (99.9 %) with that of S. sediminis N102T. The results of phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the two strains formed a tight cluster within the genus Salinimonas. Whole genomic comparison between the two strains revealed an average nucleotide identity of 99.2 % and a digital DNA-DNA hybridization estimate of 92.6 %, strongly indicating that the two strains represented a single species. In addition, neither strain displayed any striking difference in metabolic, physiological or chemotaxonomic features. Therefore, we propose Alteromonas indica as a later heterotypic synonym of Salinimonas sediminis.


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Filogenia , Alteromonadaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(4): 1035-1040, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30735117

RESUMO

A novel marine Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming, motile, aerobic, coccoid or ovoid bacterium, designated as strain DSL-16T, was isolated from a tidal flat sediment on the East China Sea and characterized phylogenetically and phenotypically. Optimal growth of the strain occurred at 35 °C (range 4-40 °C), at pH 6 (range 5-11) and with 4 % (w/v) NaCl (range 1-14 %). The nearest phylogenetic neighbour was Paracoccusseriniphilus DSM 14827T (98.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The digital DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain DSL-16T and P. seriniphilus DSM 14827T was 19.5±2.2 %. The average nucleotide identity value between strain DSL-16T and P. seriniphilus DSM 14827T was 83.6 %. The sole respiratory ubiquinone was Q-10. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine (PME), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), diphosphatidyglycerol (DPG) and glycolipid (GL). The predominant cellular fatty acids of strain DSL-16T were C18 : 1ω7c, C18 : 0 and 11-methyl C18 : 1ω7c. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 64.5 mol%. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data indicated that strain DSL-16T represents a novel species of the genus Paracoccus, for which the name Paracoccus sediminilitoris sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DSL-16T (=KCTC 62644T=MCCC 1K03534T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Paracoccus/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Paracoccus/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(3): 805-810, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30688631

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, motile with single polar flagellum, rod-shaped bacterium, designated as strain DSL-35T, was isolated from the location where the ocean and Dishui lake meet at Shanghai on the East China Sea and characterized phylogenetically and phenotypically. Optimal growth occurred at 35 °C (range, 4-40 °C), pH 8 pH 5-11) and with 3-4 % (w/v) NaCl (0-12 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain DSL-35T was related to members of the genus Marinomonas and shared the highest sequence identities with Marinomonasarctica 328T (98.0 %), Marinomonashwangdonensis HDW-15T (97.5 %) and Marinomonasrhizomae IVIA-Po-145T (97.2 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence identities between strain DSL-35T and other members of the genus Marinomonas were below 96.8 %. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain DSL-35T and the three type strains, Marinomonas. arctica 328T, M. rhizomae HDW-15T and M. rhizomae IVIA-Po-145T, were 30.9±2.4 %, 21.7±2.2% and 22±2.3 %, respectively. The average nucleotide identity values between strain DSL-35T and the three type strains were 87.6 %, 84.6 and 84.2 %, respectively. The predominant ubiquinone was Q-8. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. The predominant cellular fatty acids of strain DSL-35T were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c; 40.0 %), C16 : 0 (22.5 %), summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c; 11.2 %), summed feature 2 (C14 : 0 3-OH and/or iso I C16 : 1; 7.2 %), C14 : 0 (6.8 %) and C12 : 0 (5.2 %). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 44.5 mol%. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data indicated that strain DSL-35T represents a novel species of the genus Marinomonas, for which the name Marinomonas shanghaiensis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain DSL-35T (=KCTC 62646T=MCCC 1K03535T).


Assuntos
Lagos/microbiologia , Marinomonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Marinomonas/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceanos e Mares , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Transferases (Outros Grupos de Fosfato Substituídos)/química , Ubiquinona/química
16.
FEMS Microbiol Lett ; 366(22)2019 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913437

RESUMO

A novel Rhodobacteraceae bacterium, strain W43T, was isolated from a deep-sea water sample from the New Britain Trench. Strain W43T exhibited the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 96.5% to Sedimentitalea nanhaiensis DSM 24252T, Phaeobacter gallaeciensis DSM 26640T, Phaeobacter inhibens DSM 16374T, and Phaeobacter porticola P97T. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene and phylogenomic analysis of the genome showed that strain W43T formed an independent monophyletic branch within the family Rhodobacteraceae. Strain W43T was Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, and grew optimally at 16-20°C, pH 6.5-7.0 and 2% (w/v) NaCl. The principal fatty acids were C18:1ω7c/C18:1ω6c, major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10 and predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The 5 080 916 bp long genome, comprising a circular chromosome and four plasmids, exhibits a G + C content of 55.9 mol%. The combined phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular data show that strain W43T represents a novel species of a novel genus, for which the name Parasedimentitalea marina gen. nov. sp. nov. is proposed (type strain W43T = MCCC 1K03532T = KCTC 62635T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Composição de Bases , China , Cromossomos Bacterianos , Análise por Conglomerados , Citosol/química , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Plasmídeos/análise , Quinonas/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/fisiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo , Temperatura
17.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 112(3): 425-434, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30302650

RESUMO

A piezotolerant, cold-adapted, slightly halophilic bacterium, designated strain PWS21T, was isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected from the New Britain Trench. Cells were observed to be Gram-stain negative, rod-shaped, oxidase- and catalase-positive. Growth of the strain was observed at 4-45 °C (optimum 37 °C), at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum 7.0) and in 0.5-20% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 3-4%). The optimum pressure for growth was 0.1 MPa (megapascal) with tolerance up to 70 MPa. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain PWS21T is closely related to Marinobacter guineae M3BT (98.4%) and Marinobacter lipolyticus SM19T (98.2%). Multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) based on sequences of housekeeping genes gyrB, recA, atpD, rpoB and rpoD indicates that strain PWS21T represents a distinct evolutionary lineage within the genus Marinobacter. Furthermore, strain PWS21T showed low ANI and diDDH values to the closely related species. The principal fatty acids were identified as C12:0, C12:0 3-OH, C16:1ω9c, C16:0 and C18:1ω9c. Ubiquinone-9 was identified as the major respiratory quinone. The polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), aminophospholipid (APL), two unidentified lipids and an unidentified phospholipid (PL). The G + C content of the genomic DNA was determined to be 60.3 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular data, we conclude that strain PWS21T represents a novel species of the genus Marinobacter, for which the name Marinobacter profundi sp. nov. is proposed (type strain PWS21T = KCTC 52990T = MCCC 1K03345T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Marinobacter/classificação , Marinobacter/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , Análise por Conglomerados , Citosol/química , DNA Bacteriano/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , DNA Ribossômico/química , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Enzimas/análise , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Fontes Hidrotermais/microbiologia , Marinobacter/genética , Marinobacter/fisiologia , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , Quinonas/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo , Temperatura
18.
RNA Biol ; 16(1): 144-153, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30593263

RESUMO

Pax3 plays an essential role in myogenesis. Previously, we found a tumor-signature chimeric fusion RNA, PAX3-FOXO1 also present during muscle differentiation, raising the possibility of its physiological role. Here we demonstrated that the fusion is needed transiently for muscle lineage commitment. Interestingly, the fusion ortholog was not found in seven mouse muscle differentiation/regeneration systems, nor in other stem cell differentiation systems of another three mammal species. We noticed that Pax3 is expressed at a much lower level in human stem cells, and during muscle differentiation than in other mammals. Given the fact that the fusion and the parental Pax3 share common downstream targets, we reasoned that forming the fusion may be a mechanism for human cells to escape certain microRNA regulation on Pax3. By sequence comparison, we identified 16 candidate microRNAs that may specifically target the human PAX3 3'UTR. We used a luciferase reporter assay, examined the microRNAs expression, and conducted mutagenesis on the reporters, as well as a CRISPR/Cas9 mediated editing on the endogenous allele. Finally, we identified miR-495 as a microRNA that specifically targets human PAX3. Examining several other fusion RNAs revealed that the human-specificity is not limited to PAX3-FOXO1. Based on these observations, we conclude that PAX3-FOXO1 fusion RNA is absent in mouse, or other mammals we tested, the fusion RNA is a mechanism to escape microRNA, miR-495 regulation in humans, and that it is not the only human-specific fusion RNA.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Desenvolvimento Muscular , Fator de Transcrição PAX3/metabolismo , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/genética , Edição de Genes , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Genes Reporter , Cavalos , Humanos , Camundongos , Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética , Fator de Transcrição PAX3/genética , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Ovinos , Suínos
19.
Nat Genet ; 50(12): 1696-1704, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30397334

RESUMO

The genetic variation in Northern Asian populations is currently undersampled. To address this, we generated a new genetic variation reference panel by whole-genome sequencing of 175 ethnic Mongolians, representing six tribes. The cataloged variation in the panel shows strong population stratification among these tribes, which correlates with the diverse demographic histories in the region. Incorporating our results with the 1000 Genomes Project panel identifies derived alleles shared between Finns and Mongolians/Siberians, suggesting that substantial gene flow between northern Eurasian populations has occurred in the past. Furthermore, we highlight that North, East, and Southeast Asian populations are more aligned with each other than these groups are with South Asian and Oceanian populations.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/etnologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Genética Populacional , América/epidemiologia , Ásia Setentrional/epidemiologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Extremo Oriente/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fluxo Gênico , Genoma Humano , Humanos , Masculino , Mongólia/etnologia , Filogenia , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(12): 3766-3771, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30362935

RESUMO

A cold-adapted, piezophilic, slightly halophilic bacterium, designated as N102T, was isolated from a deep-sea (4700 m) sediment sample collected from the New Britain Trench. Strain N102T was Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, oxidase- and catalase-positive, and grew optimally at 28 °C (range, 4-40 °C), pH 7.0-7.5 (range, 6.0-9.0) and 3-4 %(w/v) NaCl (range, 2-15 %). The optimum pressure for growth was 10 MPa with tolerance up to 70 MPa. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain N102T was most closely related to Alteromonas addita R10SW13T (97.2 %), Alteromonas stellipolaris LMG 21861T (97.1 %), Alteromonas gracilis 9a2T (97.1 %), Salinimonas lutimaris DPSR-4T (96.1 %) and Salinimonas chungwhensis BH030046T (95.4 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene, gyrB gene and whole-genome sequences placed strain N102T within the genus Salinimonas. Genomic comparisons based on average nucleotide identity and tetranucleotide signature frequencies corroborated the results of the phylogenetic analyses. The principal fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c), C16 : 0 and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c). The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone 8. The predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified phospholipid. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 48.2 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular data, we conclude that strain N102T represents a novel species of the genus Salinimonas, for which the name Salinimonassediminis sp. nov. is proposed (type strain N102T=MCCC 1K03497T=KCTC 62440T).


Assuntos
Alteromonadaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonadaceae/genética , Alteromonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Temperatura Baixa , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
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