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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593735

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: A cervical biomechanical study. OBJECTIVE: We sought to demonstrate the three-dimensional (3D) intervertebral motion characteristics of the cervical spine in healthy volunteers using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) combined with 3D-3D registration technology. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No previous studies have used CBCT combined with 3D-3D registration technology to successfully documented in vivo three-dimensiona lintervertebral 6-DOF motions of the cervical spine. METHODS: Twenty healthy subjects underwent cervical (C1-C7) CBCT scans in seven functional positions. Segmented 3D vertebral body models were established according to the cervical CBCT images. A 3D-to-3D registration was then performed for each vertebral body in the different positions to calculate the 3D segmental motion characteristics in vivo. RESULTS: During flexion-extension, the range-of-motion (ROM) of C1-C2 and C4-C5 was significantly greater than the other segments. The average coupled axial rotation and lateral bending of each segment were between 0.6°and 3.2°. The average coupling translation in all directions were between 0.2 mm and 2.1 mm. During axial rotation, the ROM of C1-C2 was 65.8 ±â€Š5.9°, which accounted for approximately 70% of all axial rotation. The motion and displacement of C1-C2 coupled lateral bending were 11.4 ±â€Š5.2° and 8.3 ±â€Š1.9 mm, respectively. During lateral bending, the ROM of C3-C4 was significantly greater than C1-C2, C5-C6, and C6-C7. The coupled axial rotation of C1-C2 was 34.4 ±â€Š8.1°, and the coupled lateral translation was 3.8 ±â€Š0.5 mm. The coupled superoinferior and anteroposterior translation of each cervical segment were between 0.1 mm and 0.6 mm. CONCLUSION: CBCT combined with 3D-3D registration was used to accurately measure and record the ROMs of lateral bending, axial rotation, and flexion-extension in cervical vertebrae under physiological-load conditions. Our findings may contribute to the diagnosis of cervical spinal disease, the development of new surgical techniques, and the restoration of normal, cervical segmental movement.Level of Evidence: 3.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618789

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: A Biomechanical in vitro Investigation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the function and stability of self-designed biomimetic artificial atlanto-odontoid joint(BAAOJ) replacement on the atlantoaxial joint. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Upper cervical fusion surgery is a common treatment for various atlantoaxial disorders, and favorable clinical outcome has been achieved. However, the fusion surgery results in loss of atlantoaxial motion as well as adjacent segments degeneration, reducing the quality of life of patients and might produce severe neurological symptoms. Non-fusion technology is expected to solve the above problems, but various designed devices have certain defects and are still in the exploratory phase. METHODS: Biomechanical tests were conducted on 10 fresh human cadaveric craniocervical specimens in the following sequence:(1) intact condition, (2) after the BAAOJ arthroplasty, (3) after BAAOJ fatigue test, (4) after odontoidectomy, and (5) after anterior rigid plate fixation. Three-dimensional movements of the C1-C2 segment were evaluated to investigate the function and stability of BAAOJ arthroplasty compared with the intact condition after the BAAOJ fatigue test, odontoidectomy, and rigid plate fixation. RESULTS: Comparing the BAAOJ implantation to the intact state, the ROM and neutral zone (NZ) were slightly reduced in all directions (P>0.05). Compared with the rigid plate fixation, the BAAOJ implantation significantly increased the ROM and NZ in all directions, especially in the axial rotation (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: We designed a BAAOJ for correcting atlantoaxial disorders arising from atlantoaxial instability. As a non-fusion device, the most critical feature of BAAOJ replacement is the retention of flexion-extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation range of motion similar to the normal state. It can also stabilize the atlantoaxial complex, and the BAAOJ itself has a good initial stability.Level of Evidence: 4.

3.
JCI Insight ; 6(19)2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622800

RESUMO

The role and mechanisms for upregulating complement factor B (CFB) expression in podocyte dysfunction in diabetic kidney disease (DKD) are not fully understood. Here, analyzing Gene Expression Omnibus GSE30528 data, we identified genes enriched in mTORC1 signaling, CFB, and complement alternative pathways in podocytes from patients with DKD. In mouse models, podocyte mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling activation was induced, while blockade of mTORC1 signaling reduced CFB upregulation, alternative complement pathway activation, and podocyte injury in the glomeruli. Knocking down CFB remarkably alleviated alternative complement pathway activation and DKD in diabetic mice. In cultured podocytes, high glucose treatment activated mTORC1 signaling, stimulated STAT1 phosphorylation, and upregulated CFB expression, while blockade of mTORC1 or STAT1 signaling abolished high glucose-upregulated CFB expression. Additionally, high glucose levels downregulated protein phosphatase 2Acα (PP2Acα) expression, while PP2Acα deficiency enhanced high glucose-induced mTORC1/STAT1 activation, CFB induction, and podocyte injury. Taken together, these findings uncover a mechanism by which CFB mediates podocyte injury in DKD.

5.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 21(1): 332, 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study sought to observe the effect of retaining intact posterior capsule in congenital cataract surgery in children aged 4-8 years. METHODS: This is a retrospective case control study. Seventy-seven children (130 eyes) aged from 4 to 8 years who underwent cataract surgery were divided into two groups. In Group A, 50 eyes underwent phacoemulsification, intraocular lens implantation and posterior capsule capsulotomy combined with anterior vitrectomy. In Group B, 80 eyes underwent cataract phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. The postoperative visual acuity and the rate of complications were compared. RESULTS: In all patients, cataract surgeries were performed evenly without intraoperative complications. The follow-up time ranged from 6 months to 42 months. No apparent visual axis opacity was detected in group A during the follow-up. By the last visit, apparent visual axis opacity was detected in 31 eyes (38.75%) in group B. Among them, 9 eyes (29.03%) with mild posterior capsule opacification (PCO) were treated with Nd:YAG laser, 3 eyes (9.68%) with thick proliferative membranes were treated with posterior capsule capsulotomy combined with anterior vitrectomy and proliferative membranes in 19 eyes (61.29%) were completely aspired and the posterior capsule was retained. During follow-up, only 2 (6.45%) eyes had PCO recurrence and were treated with Nd:YAG laser. The visual acuity was significantly higher than that before surgery in all patients. CONCLUSIONS: For older children, the incidence of PCO will be low even if intact posterior capsule is retained. Either Nd:YAG laser or surgical treatment for PCO will be able to maintain good vision.


Assuntos
Opacificação da Cápsula , Catarata , Cápsula do Cristalino , Lentes Intraoculares , Facoemulsificação , Adolescente , Opacificação da Cápsula/cirurgia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Humanos , Cápsula do Cristalino/cirurgia , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Curr Eye Res ; : 1-6, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569390

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze anatomical factors contributing to angle closure based on anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) imaging. METHODS: A total of 238 patients with angle closure and 1122 normal controls were consecutively recruited for this study. Participants' eyes were imaged using AS-OCT under the same darkened ambient light conditions. The following parameters were analyzed: central anterior chamber depth (ACD); anterior chamber area (ACA); anterior chamber volume (ACV), anterior chamber width (ACW); corneal diameter (CD); posterior cornea curvature (PCC); anterior cornea curvature (ACC); maximum iris thickness (ITM); iris thickness at 750 um (IT750) and 2000 um (IT2000) from the scleral spur; iris curvature (IC); iris area (IA); lens vault (LV); angle opening distance (AOD); trabecular iris space area at 500 um (TISA500) and 750 um (TISA750) from the scleral spur; angle recess area (ARA). Lasso regression models were used to detect the collinearity of parameters. The multivariable logistic regression was performed to determine the independent association between angle closure and those parameters included in Lasso regression model. Also Factor analysis was performed to extract a few underlying factors (components) from these parameters. RESULTS: Lasso regression showed that ACD, ACV, PCC, IT750, IT2000 and LV were screened in the model. The multivariable logistic regression indicated that ACV, PCC, IT750 and LV were significantly associated with angle closure. Factor analyses revealed that 4 factors, each with its closely associated clusters of variables, produced the best results: ACA, ACV and ACD (Factor 1); LV, tIC and nIC, (Factor 2); ACW, CD and PCC (Factor 3); and tITM, tIT2000, tIT750, nIT2000 and nIT750 (Factor 4). CONCLUSIONS: Four separate mechanisms were showed to be involved in the pathogenesis of angle closure, from anterior chamber dimensions, lens, iris and cornea respectively. The parameters ACV, PCC, IT750, and LV are more predominant in determining angle closure.

7.
Blood Adv ; 5(17): 3407-3417, 2021 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495313

RESUMO

Recent compelling evidence showed that innate immune effector cells could recognize allogeneic grafts and prime an adaptive immune response. Signal regulatory protein α (SIRPα) is an immunoglobulin superfamily receptor that is expressed on myeloid cells; the interaction between SIRPα and its ubiquitously expressed ligand CD47 elicits an inhibitory signal that suppresses macrophage phagocytic function. Additional studies showed that donor-recipient mismatch in SIRPα variants might activate monocytic allorecognition, possibly as the result of non-self SIRPα-CD47 interaction. However, the frequency of SIRPα variation and its role in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains unexplored. We studied 350 patients with acute myeloid leukemia/myelodysplastic syndrome who underwent HLA-matched related HSCT and found that SIRPα allelic mismatches were present in 39% of transplantation pairs. SIRPα variant mismatch was associated with a significantly higher rate of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD; hazard ratio [HR], 1.5; P = .03), especially de novo chronic GVHD (HR, 2.0; P = .01), after adjusting for other predictors. Those with mismatched SIRPα had a lower relapse rate (HR, 0.6; P = .05) and significantly longer relapse-free survival (RFS; HR, 0.6; P = .04). Notably, the effect of SIRPα variant mismatch on relapse protection was most pronounced early after HSCT and in patients who were not in remission at HSCT (cumulative incidence, 73% vs 54%; HR, 0.5; P = .01). These findings show that SIRPα variant mismatch is associated with HSCT outcomes, possibly owing to innate allorecognition. SIRPα variant matching could provide valuable information for donor selection and risk stratification in HSCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunidade Inata
8.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 167: 806-815, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530325

RESUMO

The red light (R) to far-red light (FR) ratio (R:FR) regulates plant responses to salt stress, but the regulation mechanism is still unclear. In this study, tomato seedlings were grown under half-strength Hoagland solution with or without 150 mM NaCl at two different R:FR ratios (7.4 and 0.8). The photosynthetic capacity, antioxidant enzyme activities, and the phenotypes at chloroplast ultrastructure and whole plant levels were investigated. The results showed that low R:FR significantly alleviated the damage of tomato seedlings from salt stress. On day 4, 8, and 12 at low R:FR, the maximum photochemical quantum yields (Fv/Fm) of photosystem II (PSII) were increased by 4.53%, 3.89%, and 16.49%, respectively; the net photosynthetic rates (Pn) of leaves were increased by 16.21%, 90.81%, and 118.00%, respectively. Low R:FR enhanced the integrity and stability of the chloroplast structure of salinity-treated plants through maintaining the high activities of antioxidant enzymes and mitigated the degradation rate of photosynthetic pigments caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS) under salt stress. The photosynthesis, antioxidant enzyme-related gene expression, and transcriptome sequencing analysis of tomato seedlings under different treatments were also investigated. Low R:FR promoted the de novo synthesis of D1 protein via triggering psbA expression, and upregulated the transcripts of superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) related genes. Meanwhile, the transcriptome analysis confirmed the positive function of low R:FR on enhancing tomato salinity stress tolerance from the regulation of photosynthesis and ROS scavenging systems.


Assuntos
Lycopersicon esculentum , Tolerância ao Sal , Antioxidantes , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta , Plântula
9.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 10(11): 11, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495329

RESUMO

Purpose: Toxic keratopathy (TK) involves complex clinical manifestations and is difficult to differentiate from other ocular surface diseases by conventional slit-lamp examination. The challenge faced by clinicians in confidently diagnosing TK cannot be underestimated. This study aimed to explore the microstructural characteristics and diagnostic parameters by in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) in TK. Methods: In this prospective, cross-sectional, comparative study, slit-lamp and IVCM examinations were performed on 20 normal eyes and 54 eyes with TK. Based on slit-lamp imaging, TK subjects were divided into four groups: superficial punctate keratitis (n = 10 eyes), pseudodendritic keratitis (n = 14 eyes), ulcerative keratitis (UK; n = 16 eyes), and ring keratitis (RK; n = 14 eyes). The microstructural characteristics of TK were described according to the following IVCM parameters: basal cell (BC) density, dendritiform cell (DC) density, DC size, corneal nerve fiber (CNF) length, nerve tortuosity, and keratocyte reflectivity. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve model was also formulated to compare the predictive power of BC density, DC density, and CNF length. Results: TK eyes showed significantly higher values for DC density (45.8 cells/mm2; range, 25.0-100.0) compared with normal eyes (24.0 cells/mm2; range, 20.8-32.3; P = 0.013; DC size (111.0 µm2; range, 92.0-137.8) compared with normal eyes (63.7 µm2; range, 47.7-70.3; P < 0.001); nerve tortuosity (0.08; range, 0.05-0.09) compared with normal eyes (0.04; range, 0.02-0.04; P < 0.001); and keratocyte reflectivity. BC density and CNF length values were found to be significantly less than those for normal controls (both P < 0.001). In all subgroups, CNF length appeared to be significantly lower than that of controls (all P < 0.001), and DC density was only statistically significantly higher in the UK (P = 0.003) and RK (P < 0.001) groups. Corneal fluorescein staining had no correlation with the analyzed IVCM parameters (all P ˃ 0.05). However, the increase in DC density and DC size showed negative correlations to CNF length (density: r = -0.325, P < 0.005; size: r = -0.493, P < 0.005), as well as positive correlations to duration and frequency of topical eye drops and DC size (density: r = 0.361, P < 0.05; size: r = 0.581, P < 0.05). A ROC curve showed that CNF length had the strongest predictive power, with the estimated area under the curve being 0.992 ± 0.008. Conclusions: Lower BC density and CNF length, greater DC density and DC size, and greater keratocyte reflectivity were the microstructural characteristics of TK. The role of subbasal nerve, inflammatory response, and limbal stem cells in the progression of TK and the appropriate treatment of different TK stages are future research directions. Translational Relevance: The evaluation of basal cells, subbasal nerve, and dendritiform cells is helpful to our understanding of the pathological process of TK.

10.
Blood Adv ; 5(20): 4031-4043, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474478

RESUMO

Donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSAs) are a major cause of engraftment failure in patients receiving haploidentical stem cell transplantation (HaploSCT). Effective treatments are needed for these patients, who often have no other donor options and/or are in need to proceed urgently to transplantation. We studied a multimodality treatment with alternate-day plasma exchange (PE), rituximab, intravenous γ globulin (IVIg) and an irradiated donor buffy coat for patients with DSAs at 2 institutions. Thirty-seven patients with a median age of 51 years were treated with this desensitization protocol. Treatment outcomes were compared with a control group of HaploSCT patients without DSAs (n = 345). The majority of patients in the DSA group were female (83.8% vs 37.1% in controls, P < .001) and received stem cells from a child as the donor (67.6% vs 44.1%, P = .002). Mean DSA level before and after desensitization was 10 198 and 5937 mean fluorescence intensity (MFI), respectively, with mean differences of 4030 MFI. Fourteen of 30 tested patients (46.7%) had C1q positivity, while 8 of 29 tested patients (27.6%) remained positive after desensitization. In multivariable analysis, patients with initial DSA > 20 000 MFI and persistent positive C1q after desensitization had a significantly lower engraftment rate, which resulted in significantly higher non-relapse mortality and worse overall survival (OS) than controls, whereas graft outcome and survival of patients with initial DSA < 20 000 MFI and those with negative C1q after treatment were comparable with controls. In conclusion, treatment with PE, rituximab, IVIg, and donor buffy coat is effective in promoting engraftment in patients with DSAs ≤20 000 MFI.

11.
Haematologica ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435482

RESUMO

HLA-DPB1 mismatches between donor and recipient are commonly seen in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from an unrelated donor. HLA-DPB1 mismatch, conventionally determined by the similarity of the T-cell epitope (TCE), is associated with an increased risk of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and a decreased risk of disease relapse. We investigated the clinical impact of HLA-DPB1 molecular mismatch quantified by mismatched eplets (ME) and Predicted Indirectly Recognizable HLA Epitopes score (PS) in a cohort of 1,514 patients receiving HSCT from unrelated donors matched at HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1/3/4/5, and -DQB1 loci. HLA-DPB1 alloimmunity in the GVH direction determined by high GVH ME/PS was associated with a reduced risk of relapse (HR 0.83, P= .05 for ME) and increased risk of grade 2-4 aGVHD (HR 1.44, P< .001 for ME), whereas high HVG ME/PS was only associated with an increased risk of grade 2-4 aGVHD (HR 1.26, P= .004 for ME). Notably, in the permissive mismatch subgroup classified by TCE grouping, high HVG ME/PS was associated with an increased risk of relapse (HR 1.36, P= .026 for ME) and grade 2-4 aGVHD (HR 1.43, P= .003 for PS-II). Decision curve analysis showed GVH ME outperformed other models and provided the best clinical net benefit for the modification of aGVHD prophylaxis regimen in patients with high risk of developing clinically significant aGVHD. In conclusion, molecular assessment of HLA-DPB1 mismatch enables separate prediction of HVG or GVH alloresponse quantitatively and allows further refinement of HLA-DPB1 permissiveness as defined by conventional TCE grouping.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34357418

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the association of myopia progression with the morphological changes of optic disc and ß-peripapillary atrophy (ß-PPA) in 8-11 years old primary school students. METHODS: This study was a prospective, school-based investigation. This study included 610 children (1008 eyes) who were continuously observed and had data available from 2016 to 2017 in the Sanhe Cohort Study of the Risk Factors for Myopia (SCSRFM). The children underwent a comprehensive eye examination including measurement of visual acuity, autorefractometry, and posterior segment of the eye. ß-PPA regions and optic disc ovality index were identified and measured on the fundus photographs. RESULTS: The prevalence of myopia was 72.62% (732/1008) in 2016. In myopic children, the prevalence of the vertical ß-PPA, the horizontal ß-PPA, and the oval optic disc were 75.68% (554/732), 75.96% (556/732) and, 11.61% (85/732) respectively. From 2016 to 2017, with the progression of vertical ß-PPA, horizontal ß-PPA, area of ß-PPA, and optic disc ovality index, the myopic diopter and the axial length (AL) were increased. The progression of horizontal ß-PPA was significantly correlated with the progression of myopic diopter and AL (all p < 0.05). The analysis on the distribution of progression rate of parameters in different groups found that the progression rate of horizontal ß-PPA, area of ß-PPA, and optic disc ovality index increased with the increase of the progression of diopter and AL. The progression of horizontal ß-PPA, area of ß-PPA, optic disc ovality index, and diopter in girls were greater than that in boys, and the progression of optic disc ovality index and diopter had a statistical significance (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The 1-year follow-up study of the third-grade primary school students showed that with the progression of myopia and the growth of AL, ß-PPA and optic disc ovality index also changed. There was a positive correlation between the change of ß-PPA and optic disc ovality index and the progression of myopia diopter and AL.

13.
Bioinformatics ; 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398192

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Single-cell multi-omics sequencing data can provide a comprehensive molecular view of cells. However, effective approaches for the integrative analysis of such data are challenging. Existing manifold alignment methods demonstrated the state-of-the-art performance on single-cell multi-omics data integration, but they are often limited by requiring that single-cell datasets be derived from the same underlying cellular structure. RESULTS: In this study, we present Pamona, a partial Gromov-Wasserstein distance based manifold alignment framework that integrates heterogeneous single-cell multi-omics datasets with the aim of delineating and representing the shared and dataset-specific cellular structures across modalities. We formulate this task as a partial manifold alignment problem and develop a partial Gromov-Wasserstein optimal transport framework to solve it. Pamona identifies both shared and dataset-specific cells based on the computed probabilistic couplings of cells across datasets, and it aligns cellular modalities in a common low-dimensional space, while simultaneously preserving both shared and dataset-specific structures. Our framework can easily incorporate prior information, such as cell type annotations or cell-cell correspondence, to further improve alignment quality. We evaluated Pamona on a comprehensive set of publicly available benchmark datasets. We demonstrated that Pamona can accurately identify shared and dataset-specific cells, as well as faithfully recover and align cellular structures of heterogeneous single-cell modalities in a common space, outperforming the comparable existing methods. AVAILABILITY: Pamona software is available at https://github.com/caokai1073/Pamona.

15.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 46(11): 5218-5228, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409514

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the pancreas is regarded as a precursor to pancreatic cancer; this study aimed to develop and validate a model based on CT characteristics for the non-invasive prediction of the high-risk IPMN of the pancreas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, all patients underwent multidetector CT and surgical resection. A prediction model was developed based on a training set consisting of 136 patients with low-risk IPMN and 85 patients with high-risk IPMN between October 2012 and April 2019, and a multivariable logistic regression model was adopted to establish a nomogram. The nomogram performance was determined by its discrimination, calibration, and clinical usefulness. The model was validated in 80 consecutive patients between May 2019 and April 2020, of which 47 and 33 patients had low-risk and high-risk IPMNs, respectively. RESULTS: The multivariable logistic regression model of CT characteristics included the enhancing mural nodule size, the main pancreatic duct (MPD) diameter, the abrupt change in caliber of the MPD with distal pancreatic atrophy, cyst size, thickened enhancing cyst wall, and the presence of lymphadenopathy. The individualized prediction nomogram using these predictors of the high-risk IPMN achieved an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.92 (95% CI 0.88-0.95) in the training set and 0.87 (95% CI 0.79-0.95) in the validation set. The decision curve analysis demonstrated that the nomogram was clinically useful. CONCLUSION: The CT nomogram, which is a non-invasive predictive tool, can preoperatively predict the risk of malignant IPMN and help identify patients who require a surgical procedure.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Nomogramas , Pâncreas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
16.
Eye (Lond) ; 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385698

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between serum retinol concentration and normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). METHODS: A total of 345 study subjects were recruited in a prospective cross-sectional study: 101 patients with NTG, 106 patients with high-pressure primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and 138 healthy control subjects. Serum retinol concentration in fasting blood samples was determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). All study subjects were given complete ophthalmic examinations and diagnosed by two glaucoma sub-specialists. RESULTS: Serum retinol concentrations in NTG, POAG, and controls were 338.90 ± 103.23 ng/mL, 405.22 ± 114.12 ng/mL, and 408.84 ± 122.36 ng/mL respectively. NTG patients had lower serum retinol concentrations than POAG (p < 0.001) or healthy controls (p < 0.001). There was no statistical difference between the POAG and healthy controls (p = 0.780). Higher proportion of NTG patients (37.6%) than POAG (17.9%) or controls (21.7%) had serum retinol concentrations lower than 300 ng/mL. Serum retinol was positively correlated with optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) (r = 0.349, p = 0.001) in glaucoma patients and not associated with any other demographic features or ophthalmic biometric parameters in the NTG patients. Multivariate logistic regression showed that serum retinol (OR = 0.898, 95CI%: 0.851-0.947) was associated with incident NTG. CONCLUSIONS: NTG patients had lower serum retinol concentrations. Serum retinol uniquely associated with NTG makes it a new potential option for the diagnosis and treatment of the disease.

17.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 259(9): 2813-2820, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287693

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine myopia progression in children during the COVID-19 and the related factors associated with myopia. METHODS: All subjects underwent three-timepoint ocular examinations that were measured in July 2019, January, and August 2020. We compared the changes in uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), mydriatic spherical equivalent (SE), and axial length (AL) between two periods (before and during COVID-19). A questionnaire was performed to investigate risk factors for myopia. RESULTS: Compared with before the COVID-19, the mean (S.D.) myopia progression during the COVID-19 was significantly higher in right eyes (- 0.93 (0.65) vs. - 0.33 (0.47) D; p < 0.001). However, the differences in UCVA changes and the axial elongation between two periods were clinically insignificant. Through logistic regressive analysis, we found the difference of the SE changes was associated with the baseline AL (P = 0.028; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.058, 2.632), online education (P = 0.02; 95% CI, 1.587, 8.665), and time of digital screen (p < 0.005; 95% CI, 1.587, 4.450). CONCLUSIONS: Children were at higher risk of myopia progression during COVID-19, which was associated with the baseline AL, the longtime online learning, and digital screen reading.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Miopia , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Miopia/diagnóstico , Miopia/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Refração Ocular , SARS-CoV-2
18.
Leukemia ; 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312462

RESUMO

In this phase I/II clinical trial, we investigated the safety and efficacy of high doses of mb-IL21 ex vivo expanded donor-derived NK cells to decrease relapse in 25 patients with myeloid malignancies receiving haploidentical stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). Three doses of donor NK cells (1 × 105-1 × 108 cells/kg/dose) were administered on days -2, +7, and +28. Results were compared with an independent contemporaneously treated case-matched cohort of 160 patients from the CIBMTR database.After a median follow-up of 24 months, the 2-year relapse rate was 4% vs. 38% (p = 0.014), and disease-free survival (DFS) was 66% vs. 44% (p = 0.1) in the cases and controls, respectively. Only one relapse occurred in the study group, in a patient with the high level of donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSA) presented before transplantation. The 2-year relapse and DFS in patients without DSA was 0% vs. 40% and 72% vs. 44%, respectively with HR for DFS in controls of 2.64 (p = 0.029). NK cells in recipient blood were increased at day +30 in a dose-dependent manner compared with historical controls, and had a proliferating, mature, highly cytotoxic, NKG2C+/KIR+ phenotype.Administration of donor-derived expanded NK cells after haploidentical transplantation was safe, associated with NK cell-dominant immune reconstitution early post-transplant, preserved T-cell reconstitution, and improved relapse and DFS. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01904136 ( https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01904136 ).

19.
Med Image Anal ; 73: 102150, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303891

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal cancers and carries a dismal prognosis of ∼10% in five year survival rate. Surgery remains the best option of a potential cure for patients who are evaluated to be eligible for initial resection of PDAC. However, outcomes vary significantly even among the resected patients who were the same cancer stage and received similar treatments. Accurate quantitative preoperative prediction of primary resectable PDACs for personalized cancer treatment is thus highly desired. Nevertheless, there are a very few automated methods yet to fully exploit the contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT) imaging for PDAC prognosis assessment. CE-CT plays a critical role in PDAC staging and resectability evaluation. In this work, we propose a novel deep neural network model for the survival prediction of primary resectable PDAC patients, named as 3D Contrast-Enhanced Convolutional Long Short-Term Memory network (CE-ConvLSTM), which can derive the tumor attenuation signatures or patterns from patient CE-CT imaging studies. Tumor-vascular relationships, which might indicate the resection margin status, have also been proven to hold strong relationships with the overall survival of PDAC patients. To capture such relationships, we propose a self-learning approach for automated pancreas and peripancreatic anatomy segmentation without requiring any annotations on our PDAC datasets. We then employ a multi-task convolutional neural network (CNN) to accomplish both tasks of survival outcome and margin prediction where the network benefits from learning the resection margin related image features to improve the survival prediction. Our presented framework can improve overall survival prediction performances compared with existing state-of-the-art survival analysis approaches. The new staging biomarker integrating both the proposed risk signature and margin prediction has evidently added values to be combined with the current clinical staging system.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Humanos , Margens de Excisão , Pâncreas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
20.
Environ Pollut ; 288: 117698, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34329058

RESUMO

Shipping makes up the major proportion of global transportation and results in an increasing emission of air pollutants. It accounts for 3.1%, 13%, and 15% of the annual global emissions of CO2, SOx, and NOx, respectively. Hence, effective regulatory measures in line with the International Maritime Organization requirements regarding the fuel sulfur content (FSC) used in emission control areas are essential. An imaging detection approach is proposed to estimate SO2, CO2, and NO concentrations of exhaust gas and then calculate FSC based on the estimated gas concentrations. A multi-task deep neural network was used to extract the features from the ultraviolet and thermal infrared images of the exhaust plume. The network was trained to predict various gas concentrations. The results show high prediction accuracy for the remote monitoring of ship emissions.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Aprendizado Profundo , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Material Particulado/análise , Navios , Enxofre/análise , Emissões de Veículos/análise
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