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1.
J Diabetes ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to estimate type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) incidence with DNA methylation of the thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) gene and its interaction with environmental factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study included 286 incident T2DM cases and 286 non-T2DM controls matched by sex, age, marital status, race, and residence village nested in the Rural Chinese Cohort Study. A conditional logistic regression model was used to estimate the association of DNA methylation at TXNIP gene with T2DM risk. Also, multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) and classification and regression tree (CART) analyses were used to investigate the interaction between TXNIP methylation and environmental risk factors. RESULTS: Methylation levels of all five CpG loci at TXNIP gene were significantly lower in T2DM than in controls (all P < .001). With increasing methylation level, risk of T2DM was significantly decreased (odds ratio, 95% CI 0.80, 0.69-0.94 for CpG1; 0.80, 0.69-0.93 for CpG2; 0.70, 0.56-0.88 for CpG3; 0.78, 0.66-0.92 for CpG4; and 0.76, 0.60-0.97 for CpG5). Additionally, the essential interactions among TXNIP methylation, obesity, and hypertriglyceridemia were identified by CART and MDR analyses. On logistic regression analysis, the risk of T2DM was reduced with terminal node 5 (CpG3 methylation ≥72%, nonobesity, normal triglyceride (TG) level, and CpG4 methylation ≥83%) vs terminal node 1 (CpG3 methylation <72%) (odds ratio 95% CI 0.20, 0.10-0.40). CONCLUSIONS: TXNIP methylation is associated with T2DM incidence in a Chinese population. Interaction between TXNIP methylation and environmental factors may influence T2DM risk and needs more investigation. HIGHLIGHTS: This is the first prospective nested case-control study in rural Chinese people to estimate the association of the methylation level of the thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) gene and its interaction with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) risk. We found a significant negative association between the methylation level of TXNIP gene and T2DM incidence. Interaction among TXNIP gene hypomethylation, obesity, and hypertriglyceridemia increased the risk of T2DM.

2.
Eur J Med Chem ; 187: 111904, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806537

RESUMO

Aiming to develop potent autotaxin (ATX) inhibitors for fibrosis diseases, a novel series of tetrahydropyrido[4,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives was designed and synthesized based on our previous study. The enzymatic assay combined with anti-proliferative activities against cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) and hepatic stellate cell (HSC) in vitro were applied for preliminary evaluation of anti-fibrosis potency of target compounds, resulting in two outstanding ATX inhibitors 8b and 10g with the IC50 values in a nanomolar range (24.6 and 15.3 nM). Differently, 8b was the most prominent compound against CFs with inhibition ratio of 81.5%, while 10g exhibited the maximum inhibition ratio of 83.7% against t-HSC/Cl-6 cells. In the further pharmacological evaluations in vivo, collagen deposition assay demonstrated the conspicuous capacity of 8b to suppress TGF-ß-mediated cardiac fibrosis. Simultaneously, H&E and Masson stains assays of mice liver validated 10g as an excellent anti-hepatofibrosis candidate, which reduced CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis level prominently. Besides, the molecular binding models identified the essential interactions between 8b and ATX which was coincided with the SARs.

3.
Am J Clin Pathol ; 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819948

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the correlation between tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and the viral load of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) in cervical cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 62 cervical cancer patients were recruited during 1993-1994 and assigned into four groups treated with radiotherapy alone or radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy and/or thermotherapy. Ki67+ tumor cells, CD4+, CD8+, FoxP3+, OX40+ and granzyme B+ TILs were detected by immunohistochemistry. The viral load of HR-HPV in biopsy tissues before therapy was detected by in situ hybridization. RESULTS: The patients with high HPV viral load showed a significantly lower 15-year survival rate and an advanced International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage and increased recurrence rate. The distribution of Ki67+ tumor cells, FoxP3+ TILs, and CD8+/FoxP3+ ratio was obviously different between low and high HPV viral load groups. A worse clinical outcome was also implicated with increased HPV viral load tested by Cox regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with increased HR-HPV viral load tend to be resistant to therapy with decreased immune surveillance in the immune microenvironment. Thus, HR-HPV viral load would influence the local immune microenvironment, and then further affect the survival of cervical cancer patients.

4.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(8): 3792-3798, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854789

RESUMO

Fe-Mn oxide (FM) was used to evaluate its stabilization effects on three typical arsenic (As)-contaminated soils in southern China under different water conditions (dry soil, moist soil, and flooded soil). With an increase in moisture content, the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) results for As decreased by 34.78%, 47.62%, and 13.64%, respectively,in Shaoguan,Hechi, and Changde, and then increased by 310.34%, 185.22%, and 23.38%, respectively. The results showed that adding a certain amount of water (30%) had a positive effect on decreasing the As concentration in the TCLP, but excessive amounts (80%) led to As re-release into the soil. The application of FM under flooding conditions has obvious advantages. In the three soils of Shaoguan,Hechi, and Changde, FM significantly reduced the As concentration in the TCLP by more than 99.00%, and reduced the soil available As content by 55.40%, 40.05%, and 16.92%, respectively. FM increased the specificandnon-specific adsorption of As to stabilize the bound fractions of hydrated iron-aluminum oxide, thus significantly reducing the biological effectiveness of soil As and soil environmental risk.FM reduced the available P in the soil in Shaoguan,Hechi, and Changde by 0.60%-6.67%, 15.74%-50.00%, and 32.48-40.39%, respectively. Our study revealed that FM can absorb a small amount of available P, which may limit P uptakeby agricultural products in P-deficient areas, while effectively inhibiting the non-point source pollution of soil to surrounding water bodiesin P-rich areas. The variation in pH after FM application in the three soils was only 0.04-0.07, which had little effect on the soil environment. FM has good prospects for stabilization of flooded As-contaminated soil. The results of this study provide an important scientific basis for soil As stabilization in China.

5.
J Immunother Cancer ; 7(1): 326, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether plant-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) can mediate interspecies communication with mammalian cells. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) display a continuum of different polarization states between tumoricidal M1 phenotype and tumor-supportive M2 phenotypes, with a lower M1/M2 ratio correlating with tumor growth, angiogenesis and invasion. We investigated whether EVs from ginseng can alter M2-like polarization both in vitro and in vivo to promote cancer immunotherapy. METHODS: A novel EVs-liked ginseng-derived nanoparticles (GDNPs) were isolated and characterized from Panax ginseng C. A. Mey. Using GDNPs as an immunopotentiator for altering M2 polarized macrophages, we analyzed associated surface markers, genes and cytokines of macrophages treated with GDNPs. Mice bearing B16F10 melanoma were treated with GDNPs therapy. Tumor growth were assessed, and TAM populations were evaluated by FACS and IF. RESULTS: GDNPs significantly promoted the polarization of M2 to M1 phenotype and produce total reactive oxygen species, resulting in increasing apoptosis of mouse melanoma cells. GDNP-induced M1 polarization was found to depend upon Toll-like receptor (TLR)-4 and myeloid differentiation antigen 88 (MyD88)-mediated signaling. Moreover, ceramide lipids and proteins of GDNPs may play an important role in macrophage polarization via TLR4 activation. We found that GDNPs treatment significantly suppressed melanoma growth in tumor-bearing mice with increased presence of M1 macrophages detected in the tumor tissue. CONCLUSIONS: GDNPs can alter M2 polarization both in vitro and in vivo, which contributes to an antitumor response. The polarization of macrophages induced by GDNPs is largely dependent on TLR4 and MyD88 signalling. GDNPs as an immunomodulator participate in mammalian immune response and may represent a new class of nano-drugs in cancer immunotherapy.

6.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 18: 1533033819887962, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769353

RESUMO

Long noncoding BRAF-activated noncoding RNA has been reported to be tightly associated with tumorigenesis and development in various types of cancers. However, the expression, biological function, and modulatory mechanism of BRAF-activated noncoding RNA in pancreatic cancer remained unclear. In the present work, we explored the carcinogenic activity and underlying mechanism of BRAF-activated noncoding RNA on pancreatic cancer in vitro. We identified that BRAF-activated noncoding RNA was upregulated in pancreatic cancer tissues and cell lines, and BRAF-activated noncoding RNA was related to tumor metastasis and stage. BRAF-activated noncoding RNA reinforces proliferation, invasion, and migration in PANC-1 and SW1990 cells. Moreover, miR-195-5p was downregulated in both PC tissues and cell lines. Our results based on luciferase reporter, RIP-Ago2 and qRT-PCR assays, showed that miR-195-5p was a direct target of BRAF-activated noncoding RNA. Furthermore, miR-195-5p inhibitor abrogated the effects of short-interfering BRAF-activated noncoding RNA on PANC-1 and SW1990 cell growth and invasion in vitro. We further identified that BRAF-activated noncoding RNA played a vital role in activating the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway by sponging miR-195-5p. Collectively, our study showed that BRAF-activated noncoding RNA promotes pancreatic cancer tumorigenesis through miR-195-5p/Wnt/ß-catenin axis may serve as a potential target for diagnostics and therapeutics in pancreatic cancer.

7.
Animals (Basel) ; 9(11)2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671888

RESUMO

: Ovarian follicle activation and survival were recently found to be controlled by nutrient sensors AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and apoptosis related markers Caspase-3, Bax, and Bcl-2, yet their expression as regulated by dietary fiber remained uncertain for gilts. To investigate the effects of dietary fiber levels on ovarian follicle development, and the cellular molecular components related to follicle activation and survival of gilts, 76 gilts with similar bodyweight and age were fed four diets, including a corn-soybean meal based control diet, or other three diets to consume 50%, 75%, and 100% more dietary fiber than the control gilts at different experimental phases. Inulin and cellulose (1:4) were added to the corn-soybean meal basal diet to increase dietary fiber content. The growth traits, and the age, bodyweight, and backfat thickness at puberty were not affected by diets. The number of primordial follicles and total follicles per cubic centimeter of ovarian tissue linearly increased with dietary fiber level at day 30 of the experiment and at the 19th day of the 3rd estrous cycle, without negatively affecting the formation of antral follicle with diameter between 1-3 mm or larger than 3 mm. These changes were associated with altered phosphorylation of mTOR, S6, Extracellular regulated protein kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) and AMPK, and mRNA expression of Caspase-3, Bax, and Bcl-2 in ovarian tissues. Collectively, this study demonstrated a beneficial effect of dietary fiber on the ovarian follicle reserve in gilts, which provides a basis for enhancing reproduction in the short- or long-term.

8.
Inflammation ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31673976

RESUMO

Luteolin is a natural flavonoid compound derived from vegetables, fruits, and herbs with potent anti-inflammatory activity. Macrophage polarization is important in the development and progression of inflammation. However, whether luteolin can inhibit inflammation by regulating the polarized phenotypes of macrophages remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of luteolin on the inflammatory polarization of macrophages and the underlying mechanisms. RAW264.7 macrophages were induced to M1 polarization by stimulation with lipopolysaccharide plus interferon-γ or to M2 polarization with interleukin 4 (IL-4), simultaneously, accompanied with different concentrations of luteolin. Laser confocal microscopy was used to observe cell morphology; flow cytometry was employed to detect the expression of membrane surface molecule CD86 and CD206; qPCR was performed to examine the mRNA expression of M1 markers (iNOS, IL-1ß, IL-6) and M2 markers (Arg1, CD206, CD163, IL-10, and IL-13), respectively; ELISA was used to examine the levels of IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-10; and Western blotting was used to evaluate the p-STAT3 and p-STAT6 protein pathway. The morphology of activated M1 macrophages changed significantly, developing dendritic characteristics. After luteolin treatment, the expression of M1-type proinflammatory mediators and the surface marker CD86 were decreased evidently, but those of M2-related anti-inflammatory factors and CD206 were increased markedly. Moreover, p-STAT3 was downregulated and p-STAT6 was upregulated in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion, luteolin can alter the M1/M2 polarization of macrophages, thereby playing an anti-inflammatory role via downregulation of p-STAT3 and upregulation of p-STAT6. Therefore, luteolin may be potentially valuable to inhibit inflammation.

9.
Pathol Res Pract ; 215(11): 152666, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606241

RESUMO

Epigenetic modifications are involved in carcinogenesis and METTL3 is involved in RNA methylation. This study aimed to explore the role of the RNA m6A methyltransferase METTL3 in pancreatic cancer cells. The m6A modification was analyzed in human pancreatic cancer and paracancerous specimens, as well as in the normal HPDE6-C7 pancreatic cell line and the MIA-PaCa-2 and BxPC-3 pancreatic cancer cell lines. Immunohistochemistry (IHC), western blotting, and RT-qPCR were used to detect the expression of METTL3. Cell lines were transfected with siRNAs against METLL3. Proliferation, invasion, and migration were examined. The functions of METTL3 were predicted by bioinformatics analysis. In the 40 patients included, high METTL3 expression was associated with high pathological stage (P = 0.02) and high N stage (P = 0.02). Survival was better in patients with low METTL3 expression compared with those with high MTTL3 expression (P < 0.01). METTL3 and CIITA expression levels were inversely correlated (r = -0.71, P < 0.01). RNA m6A content in tumor specimens was significantly higher than that in paracancerous specimens. METTL3 protein and mRNA levels were significantly higher in tumor specimens compared with paracancerous specimens, as well as in cancerous cell lines vs. normal cells. METTL3 knockdown in MIA PaCa-2 and BxPC-3 cells decreased RNA m6A modifications. Cell proliferation, invasion, and migration were decreased by METTL3 knockdown in cancerous cell lines. A total of 673 differentially expressed genes were identified by bioinformatics: 659 were upregulated and 14 were downregulated. In conclusion, METTL3 is probably involved in pancreatic carcinogenesis. It could eventually be a prognostic marker or a treatment target.

10.
Pathol Res Pract ; 215(11): 152621, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564571

RESUMO

Src homology phosphotyrosine phosphatase 2 (Shp2) has been found to be overexpressed in cervical cancer tissues. However, the influence of Shp2 on the biological behavior and sensitivity to cisplatin of cervical cancer cells remains unclear. We aimed to assess Shp2 expression in cervical tissues and cell lines and to detect the influence of Shp2 knockdown and overexpression on the biological behavior and sensitivity to cisplatin in cervical cancer cells. We found that Shp2 expression was significantly upregulated in cervical cancer tissues and cell lines, and Shp2 overexpression was associated with lymph node metastasis and a high human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA load. Shp2 knockdown inhibited cell growth and migration and enhanced sensitivity to cisplatin in the HeLa and SiHa cervical cancer cell lines. In contrast, Shp2 overexpression had the opposite effects. These tumor-promoting effects of Shp2 may be partly related to Akt signaling. In conclusion, Shp2 is involved in the occurrence and development of cervical cancer and may confer cisplatin resistance in cervical cancer. Shp2 blockade may be a new strategy for cervical cancer treatment.

11.
J Mol Histol ; 50(6): 493-502, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522346

RESUMO

Bone regeneration is impaired in patients with osteoporosis. Previous studies have shown that periostin (Postn) shows great potential in bone regeneration treatments. However, the role of Postn in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) remains to be elucidated. In this study, we isolated BMMSCs from ovariectomized rats (OVX-BMMSCs) and normal rats. Then, the expression levels of Postn and osteogenesis in OVX-BMMSCs were detected by alizarin red and alkaline phosphatase substrate staining, qPCR, and western blotting. We found that the levels of Postn in OVX-BMMSCs were significantly reduced. Furthermore, Postn overexpression in OVX-BMMSCs using recombinant lentivirus could improve the expression of alkaline phosphatase, runt-related transcription factor 2, and osteocalcin and reduce the expression of sclerostin. Besides, micro-computed tomography analysis, hematoxylin-eosin, and Masson's staining showed that the healing of the alveolar bone defect in osteoporotic rats could be promoted using Postn-modified OVX-BMMSC sheets. In conclusion, Postn-modified OVX-BMMSCs might restore the osteogenic capacity and promote alveolar bone regeneration, which may serve as a new therapeutic approach for bone regeneration in osteoporosis.

12.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(18): 2177-2184, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (AE-IPF) is very poor with a high mortality. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features and survival of patients with AE-IPF with usual pulmonary fibrosis (UIP) and possible UIP (P-UIP) pattern on chest high resolution computed tomography (HRCT). METHODS: This retrospective study included 107 patients with AE-IPF admitted to Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2010 to December 2016. The subjects were divided into UIP (n = 86) and P-UIP group (n = 21) based on chest HRCT. Continuous variables were analyzed using Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U test. Categorical variables were analyzed using χ test. Log-rank test was used for the survival analysis. Cox proportional models evaluated the risk factors for AE occurrence and survival. RESULTS: The male, older patients, previous N-acetylcysteine use, elevated white blood cell (WBC) counts, and microbiology infection were more common in the UIP group than the P-UIP group (χ = 13.567, P < 0.001; z = -2.936, P = 0.003; χ = 5.901, P = 0.015; t = 2.048, P = 0.043; χ = 10.297, P = 0.036, respectively). The percentage of AE with UIP pattern in idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP) was significantly higher than P-UIP pattern (χ = 40.011, P < 0.001). Smoking was the risk factor for AE within 6 months after IPF diagnosis in the UIP group. The cumulative proportion survival of 30-days was significantly higher in the UIP group compared with the P-UIP group (χ = 5.489, P = 0.019) despite of the similar overall survival in the two groups. Multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated WBC count, partial pressure of oxygen in artery (PaO2)/fractional concentration of inspired oxygen (FiO2), and computed tomography (CT) score were the independent predictors for survival in the UIP group (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.070, 95% confidential interval [CI]: 1.027-1.114, P = 0.001; HR: 0.992, 95% CI: 0.986-0.997, P = 0.002; and HR: 1.649, 95% CI: 1.253-2.171, P < 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: AE occurrence of UIP patients in IIP was significantly more than P-UIP cases. The short-term survival was better in the UIP group despite of the similar overall survival in the two groups. WBC count, PaO2/FiO2, and CT score were the independent predictors for survival in UIP subjects.

13.
Animals (Basel) ; 9(9)2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480207

RESUMO

This study explored the impact of fresh sweet potato vine on the growth as well as the metabolites and colon microbial composition in Chinese Meishan gilt. Twenty Meishan gilts (body weight 30 ± 0.18 kg, n = 10 per treatment) were randomly assigned to a control (CON) or sweet potato vine (SPV) supplementation diet treatment. Gilts were housed in individual stalls. In the SPV treatment, 2 kg fresh sweet potato vine was used instead of 0.18 kg basal diet which provided the same amount of digestive energy and crude protein with the exception of crude fiber (CON, 51.00 g/d vs. SPV, 73.94 g/d) in terms of dry matter intake. Gilts were slaughtered and samples were collected on day 19 after the third estrus cycle. The SPV treatment tended to increase slaughter weight of gilts (p = 0.07); it also increased (p < 0.05) gastrointestinal tract weight and intestinal muscle layer thickness. SPV treatment also decreased (p < 0.05) carcass yield and subcutaneous adipose tissue. The concentration of zonulin and endotoxin in plasma was decreased (p < 0.05) as the gilt consumed the SPV diet. Colonic fecal concentrations of endotoxin, lipocalin-2, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were decreased (p < 0.05), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) was increased (p < 0.05) in the SPV treatment. Butyric acid and acetate concentration in colonic content as well as acetate concentration in caecal content were increased (p < 0.05) in the SPV treatment. Furthermore, the expression of carnitine palmityl transferase (CPT-1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPAR-α) in gilt liver in SPV treatment was increased (p < 0.05) in comparison with CON treatment. Meanwhile, the composition of the colon microbes was also altered by SPV; representative changes included an increase in Lactobacillus, Bacteroides, Roseburia, and Lachnospira. These results indicate that gilt fed with sweet potato vine had decreased gut permeability, endotoxin and pro-inflammatory cytokines concentrations; colonic fecal microbiota was also changed, which may be further beneficial to the intestinal health of Chinese Meishan gilt.

14.
Biometrics ; 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483480

RESUMO

Experiments that longitudinally collect RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data can provide transformative insights in biology research by revealing the dynamic patterns of genes. Such experiments create a great demand for new analytic approaches to identify differentially expressed (DE) genes based on large-scale time-course count data. Existing methods, however, are suboptimal with respect to power and may lack theoretical justification. Furthermore, most existing tests are designed to distinguish among conditions based on overall differential patterns across time, though in practice, a variety of composite hypotheses are of more scientific interest. Finally, some current methods may fail to control the false discovery rate. In this paper, we propose a new model and testing procedure to address the above issues simultaneously. Specifically, conditional on a latent Gaussian mixture with evolving means, we model the data by negative binomial distributions. Motivated by Storey (2007) and Hwang and Liu (2010), we introduce a general testing framework based on the proposed model and show that the proposed test enjoys the optimality property of maximum average power. The test allows not only identification of traditional DE genes but also testing of a variety of composite hypotheses of biological interest. We establish the identifiability of the proposed model, implement the proposed method via efficient algorithms, and demonstrate its good performance via simulation studies. The procedure reveals interesting biological insights, when applied to data from an experiment that examines the effect of varying light environments on the fundamental physiology of the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum.

15.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 27(20): 115051, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492532

RESUMO

The pyrimidine-2,4-diamine analogs exerted excellent activities in down-regulation of ALK phosphorylation. However, the prevalent drug-resistant site-mutation has gradually prevented the agents from being widely used. Herein, we conducted an exploration of high affinity moiety that bound to the solvent-front region (G1202R located) within the ATP binding site of ALK leading to the synthesis of thirty-five pyrimidine-2,4-diamine derivatives. Among these compounds, urea group was extensively derivatized which finally resulted in the identification of the 'semi-free urea' compound 39. All compounds were assayed cytotoxicity and enzymatic activities and 39 turned out to be the most potent one with IC50 values of 2.1, 0.91, 4.3 and 0.73 nM towards ALKwt, ALKL1196M, ALKG1202R and ROS1, respectively. The performances of 39 on ALK- & ROS1-dependent cell lines were in good accordance with enzymatic activities with IC50 values below 0.06 µM. Besides, 39 induced cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner in H2228 cells. Finally, the binding models of 39 with ALKwt, ROS1, ALKL1196M and ALKG1202R were ideally established which further clearly elucidated their mode of action within the active site.

17.
Animals (Basel) ; 9(7)2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284518

RESUMO

To investigate the effects of the ratio of insoluble fiber to soluble fiber (ISF:SF) on sow performance and piglet intestinal development, we randomly assigned 64 gilts to four treatments comprising diets with the same level of dietary fiber, but different ISF:SF values of 3.89 (T1), 5.59 (T2), 9.12 (T3), and 12.81 (T4). At birth and weaning, six piglets per treatment at each phase were slaughtered for sampling. As ISF:SF increased, the mean piglet body weight (BW) at weaning and piglet BW gain, which were all significantly higher in T1 and T2 compared with T3 and T4 (p < 0.05), showed a linear decrease (p < 0.05); the crypt depth of the jejunum in weaned piglets linearly increased, whereas the duodenal weight, jejunal villus height, and villus height/crypt depth in newborn piglets and enzymatic activity of lactase, sucrase, and maltase linearly decreased (p < 0.05). No differences were observed in the yield and composition of milk (p > 0.05). Moreover, when the ISF:SF was 3.89 in gestation diets, higher piglet BW at weaning occurred, possibly because the ISF:SF affected development and enzymatic activity in the small intestine-effects related to digestion and absorption of nutrients-and consequently enhanced piglet BW gain.

18.
Oncogene ; 38(33): 6123-6141, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285549

RESUMO

Most N6-methyladenosine (m6A) associated regulatory proteins (i.e., m6A writer, eraser, and reader proteins) are involved in the pathogenesis of various cancers, mostly in m6A-dependent manners. As a component in the m6A 'writers', KIAA1429 is reported to be an RNA-binding protein and involved in the m6A modification, mRNA splicing and processing. Till now, the functions of KIAA1429 in tumorigenesis and related mechanism have not been reported. In the present study, we found KIAA1429 was highly expressed in breast cancer tissues, but frequently down-regulated in non-cancerous breast tissues. The overall survival of breast cancer patients with high-expression KIAA1429 was significantly shorter than those with low-expression KIAA1429. Then, we demonstrated that KIAA1429 was associated with breast cancer proliferation and metastasis in vivo and in vitro. The potential targeting genes of KIAA1429 in breast cancer were identified by RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing. One of these genes is cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1), which plays an oncogenic role in cancers. Furthermore, we confirmed that KIAA1429 played its oncogenic role in breast cancer by regulating CDK1 by an m6A-independent manner. 5'-fluorouracil was found to be very effective in reducing the expression of KIAA1429 and CDK1 in breast cancer. These findings indicated that KIAA1429 could promote breast cancer progression and was correlated with pathogenesis. It may represent a promising therapeutic strategy on breast cancer, especially in combination with CDK1 treatment.

19.
J Cancer ; 10(10): 2332-2341, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31258736

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Numerous studies have identified BRAFV600E mutation as a predictive factor of anti-EGFR antibodies in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the association between BRAFV600E mutation and clinicopathological features remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to conduct an updated and comprehensive meta-analysis to evaluate the above issues. Methods: We performed a systematic literature search from PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and PMC database examining the association between BRAFV600E mutation and clinicopathological features in CRC patients. Odds ratio with 95% confidence interval were used to estimate the effects of BRAFV600E mutation on each clinicopathological parameter with fixed-effect model or random-effect model. Results: Sixty-one studies published, including 32407 CRC patients from multiple countries, were included in the meta-analysis. The overall BRAFV600E mutation rate was 11.38%, and BRAFV600E mutation was positively related to high disease stage (OR=0.81; 95% CI=0.72-0.92; P=0.001), high T stage (OR=0.51; 95% CI=0.40-0.65; P<0.00001), proximal colon (OR=4.76; 95% CI=3.81-5.96; P<0.00001) or right colon (OR=5.15; 95% CI=4.35-6.10, P<0.00001) tumor location, poor tumor differentiation (OR=0.27; 95% CI=0.21-0.34; P<0.00001), mucinous histology (OR=2.97; 95% CI=2.37-3.72; P<0.00001), K-ras-wild type (OR=0.04; 95% CI=0.02-0.07; P<0.00001), TP53-wild type (OR=0.50; 95% CI=0.31-0.78; P=0.003), deficient DNA mismatch repair (OR=2.93; 95% CI=1.78-4.82; P<0.00001), high microsatellite instability (OR=11.15; 95% CI=8.51-14.61; P<0.00001) and high CpG island methylator phenotype (OR=0.04; 95% CI=0.03-0.08; P<0.00001). Conclusions: Our updated meta-analysis demonstrated that BRAFV600E mutation was related to poor prognosis of CRC and associated with the distinct molecular phenotypes.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308853

RESUMO

The traditional Chinese medicine decoction FuFangChangTai (FFCT) has been used in the therapy of colon cancer clinically, yielding alleviated toxicity and enhanced immunity. In our previous study, FFCT exerted its antitumor activity not only by inducing apoptosis but also by activating autophagy to eliminate tumor cells. However, its mechanism is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between macrophages activation and FFCT-induced autophagy. Results showed that FFCT could induce autophagy in colon cancer, as demonstrated by increased level of intracellular autophagy marker LC3 II in CT26.WT cells by fluorescence microscope and western blot assay. FFCT also facilitated numbers of vesicular bodies with bilayer membrane in CT26.WT cells, which were indicative of autophagosomes formation. Autophagosomes secreted by FFCT-treated CT26.WT cells can activate M1 type macrophages, accompanied with increased expression of costimulatory molecules CD86 and CD40 on the surface of RAW264.7 cells, and more inflammatory cytokines secretion, such as TNF-α, IL-6, MCP-1, and IL-1ß. mRNA expressions of M2 macrophages markers, such as IL-10, CD206, Arg-1, and FIZZ-1, were downregulated. And this process helps regulate the polarization of macrophages and promote the immune response. These findings support a mechanism of FFCT-induced autophagy and provide novel evidence demonstrating that macrophages are involved in FFCT-induced autophagy progression.

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