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1.
Int J Phytoremediation ; : 1-11, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35014567

RESUMO

With the economic development of society, concentrations of atmospheric CO2 and heavy metals in soils have been increasing. The physiological responses of plants to the interaction between soil pollution and climatic change need to be understood. Pot experiments were designed to assess variations in Festuca arundinacea dry weight, leaf type, chlorophyll content, antioxidase activities, and Cd accumulation ability, under different atmospheric CO2 treatments. The results showed that the total dry weights increased with increasing CO2, and Cd concentrations in falling leaf tissues increased with raised atmospheric CO2, before reaching a peak at 600 ppm, above which they remained constant. Compared with the control (400 ppm), 600, 650, and 700 ppm CO2 treatments increased the proportions of the falling tissues by 1.7%, 3.3%, and 4.5%, respectively. Antioxidant enzyme activities in plant leaves increased with increasing atmospheric CO2 levels. The concentration of H2O2 in leaf tissues increased with increasing CO2, reaching a peak at 600 ppm, and then decreased significantly as the CO2 content increased further, to 700 ppm. The results in this study suggest that F. arundinacea could be regarded as a potential candidate for phytoremediation of Cd-polluted soil; especially if senescent and dead leaf tissues could be harvested, and that raised atmospheric CO2 levels could improve its soil remediation efficiency. Novelty statement Extrapolation of results from experiments of environmental impacts in greenhouse to real scale field requires to be considered cautiously. External factors such as water, temperature, humidity, and pollution are variable in real field. Plants will face a lot of beneficial or detrimental conditions which will influence the magnitude of the results. However, the elevation of CO2 is an inevitable phenomenon in future. Therefore, findings from experiments under artificial conditions are sometime a good choice to obtain knowledge about elevated CO2 related impacts on phytoremediation efficiency of a specific plant. The final goal of this work is to find a suitable CO2 fumigation strategy optimized for soil remediation. We report on that elevated atmospheric CO2 can increase the phytoremediation efficiency of Festuca arundinacea for Cd. This is significant because the combined influences of elevated atmospheric CO2 and metal pollution in terms of biomass yield, pollutant uptake, and phytoremediation efficiency would be more complex than the effects of each individual factor.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 815: 152576, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995608

RESUMO

Recalcitrant dissolved organic carbon (RDOC) resulting from microbial carbon (MCPs) holds promise as a relatively long-term natural carbon sink in marine environments. However, the RDOC formation mechanism remains uncertain in terrestrial aquatic systems. To determine the microbial impacts on autochthonous dissolved organic carbon (DOC), RDOC formation, and the critical influencing bacteria species, spatial changes in hydrochemistry, carbon isotopes, and microbial diversity were investigated in water samples from the karstic Lijiang River, southwest China. Samples were collected at various locations along the river system in May and July 2017. The biodegradable DOC (BDOC), RDOC, soil sourced DOC (SDOC), submerged aquatic vascular plant sourced DOC (PDOC) and microbial sourced DOC (MDOC) were calculated using the in-situ microbial incubation method, stable carbon isotopes and C/N ratio. RDOC accounted for 67% to 93% of DOC concentrations, measuring 1.3 mg/L and 1.2 mg/L in May and July, respectively. In May, BDOC concentrations increased by 0.05 mg/L from 0.18 mg/L to 0.23 mg/L, but decreased by 0.43 mg/L from 0.66 mg/L to 0.23 mg/L in July. The spatiotemporal variation of BDOC indicated photosynthesis was the main BDOC source and induced high autochthonous DOC formation, especially in May. However, RDOC was the dominant accumulation component in Lijiang River. MDOC increased by 0.86 mg/L from 0 to 0.86 mg/L in May and 0.78 mg/L from 0.10 mg/L to 0.88 mg/L in July, which was the dominant accumulated DOC and RDOC component. The abundance of Sporichthyaceae accounted for 3.4%-22.6% in May and Novosphingobium accounted for 3.5%-34.0% in July. These were the critical bacteria species induced MDOC formation, which were confirmed by their abundances in KEGG pathway modules determined by PICRUAST2. These results demonstrate that heterotrophic bacteria dominate autochthonous DOC and RDOC formation in the karst surface river, which is valuable for understanding organic carbon cycling in karstic aquatic systems.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35021010

RESUMO

Developing broadband cyan-emitting phosphors is an essential issue to achieve high-quality full-spectrum phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes. Multisite cation regulation to modify the photoluminescence spectrum is a valid way to achieve broadband emission for phosphors. The Ba9Lu2Si6O24 lattice with various cation sites for activator ions is a preferred host for broadband emitting phosphors. The preferential crystallographic sites of Eu2+ in the Ba9Lu2Si6O24 lattice are identified based on the crystal field theory, crystal structure, and bond indices (such as NAC and SBOs) of the cations. Sr substitution in Ba9Lu2Si6O24/Eu2+ phosphor affects the location of Eu2+ activator ions, which is investigated via the first-principles density functional theory calculations, Rietveld refinement, and luminescence decay curves, and results in the modification of luminescence properties and thermal stability. The Sr-substituted (Ba0.8Sr0.2)9Lu2Si6O24/Eu2+ sample exhibits a broadband emission spectrum peaked at 471 and 518 nm with a large full width half maximum of 139 nm, covering blue-cyan-green regions, which can be an excellent candidate as broadband cyan-emitting phosphors for high-quality full-spectrum wLEDs.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35018462

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Cortisol, an important hormone regulated by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, is associated with obesity. However, it is unclear whether the relationship between cortisol and obesity is causal or could be explained by reverse causality. OBJECTIVE: This work aims to assess the role of morning plasma cortisol in clinical classes of obesity. METHODS: In this bi-directional two-sample Mendelian Randomization (MR) study, cortisol-associated genetic variants were obtained from the CORtisol NETwork consortium (n = 12,597). The primary outcomes were obesity class I (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m 2), class II (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m 2), and class III (BMI ≥ 40kg/m 2). Inverse variance weighting (IVW) method was used as the main analysis, with weighted median, MR-Egger, and MR-PRESSO as sensitivity analyses. Conversely, genetic variants predicting clinical classes of obesity were applied to the cortisol GWAS. RESULTS: Genetically predicted cortisol was associated with reduced risk of obesity class I (OR = 0.905; 95% CI, 0.865-0.946; p < 0.001). Evidence from bi-directional MR showed that obesity class II and class III were associated with lower cortisol levels ((class II-cortisol OR = 0.953; 95% CI, 0.923-0.983; p = 0.002); (class III-cortisol OR = 0.955; 95% CI, 0.942-0.967; p < 0.001)), indicating reverse causality between cortisol and obesity. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that cortisol is negatively associated with obesity and vice versa. Together, these findings suggest that blunted morning plasma cortisol secretion may be responsible for severe obesity. Regulating morning plasma secretion might be a prevention measure for obese people.

5.
Food Chem ; 371: 131132, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555704

RESUMO

Filamin C (FLN c) and triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) are novel allergens of crab (Scylla paramamosain) which are sharing common epitopes. This work aimed to assess their contributions to the induction and elicitation of allergenic responses. Balb/c mice were sensitized by intraperitoneal injections and challenged by intragastric gavage with purified proteins. Upon oral challenge, FLN c triggered more severe anaphylactic symptoms, higher levels of specific antibodies and histamine in serum than TIM, while TIM was a more active promotor of early specific antibody production and stimulated stronger Th2-biased responses. Combined with the results of in vitro assays, the data demonstrated that though with common epitopes, the two allergens showed a different allergenicity, TIM favored Th2 polarization in sensitization stage, while FLN c had a better ability to stimulate B cells and is highly immunogenic in oral challenge stage. The findings can help with the better understanding of allergenicity of crab allergens.


Assuntos
Alérgenos , Braquiúros , Animais , Epitopos , Imunoglobulina E , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
6.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 2): 132158, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492420

RESUMO

It has been reported that both naturally occurring and artificially created sounds can alter the physiological parameters of various plants. A series of experiments were designed in the present study to estimate the physiological responses and the variation in the Cd decontamination capacity of Festuca arundinacea under sonic wave treatments. Plant seeds were treated by sound waves of frequency 200, 300, 400, 500, and 1000 Hz, and the germinated seedlings were transplanted to Cd-polluted soil. The results showed that all the sonic treatments increased the whole plant dry weight of F. arundinacea compared with that of the control, and the highest value was observed in the 200 Hz treatment. The Cd content in below-ground and aerial tissues of the species increased with increasing frequency till 400 Hz, after which they became constant. A higher proportion of senescent and dead leaf tissues was observed in the high-frequency treatment (1000 Hz), and more Cd was transferred to these failing tissues. Therefore, in the 1000 Hz treatment, a significantly greater amount of Cd could be eliminated by harvesting the senescent and dead leaf tissues of the species compared with that of the other treatments. The concentrations of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and the proportions of hydrophilic fractions which have a strong Cd affinity, in the rhizosphere soil of F. arundinacea increased with the increase in sound frequency. Cd extraction ability of DOM also increased with increasing frequency. This study indicated that a suitable sonic treatment can improve the phytoextraction efficiency of F. arundinacea, and also explained the mechanism from the perspective of the variations in soil DOM.


Assuntos
Festuca , Poluentes do Solo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Cádmio/análise , Sementes/química , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
7.
Gene ; 809: 146032, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673208

RESUMO

Gap junction (GJ), a special intercellular junction between different cell types, directly connects the cytoplasm of adjacent cells, allows various molecules, ions and electrical impulses to pass through the intercellular regulatory gate, and plays vital roles in response to bacterial infection. Up to date, the information about the GJ in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) is still limited. In current study, 43 gap junction genes were identified in turbot, phylogeny analysis suggested that gap junctions from turbot and other species were clustered into six groups, GJA, GJB, GJC, GJD, GJE and PANX, and turbot GJs together with respective GJs from Japanese flounder, half-smooth tongue sole and large yellow croaker, sharing same ancestors. In addition, these 43 GJ genes distributed in different chromosomes unevenly. According to gene structure and domain analysis, these genes (in GJA-GJE group) were highly conserved in that most of them contain the transmembrane area, connexin domain (CNX) and cysteine-rich domain (connexin CCC), while PANXs contain Pfam Innexin. Although only one tandem duplication was identified in turbot gap junction gene, 235 pairs of segmental duplications were identified in the turbot genome. To further investigate their evolutionary relationships, Ka/Ks was calculated, and results showed that most ratios were lower than 1, indicating they had undergone negative selection. Finally, expression analysis showed that gap junction genes were widely distributed in turbot tissues and significantly regulated after Vibrio anguillarum infection. Taken together, our research could provide valuable information for further exploration of the function of gap junction genes in teleost.


Assuntos
Conexinas/genética , Doenças dos Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Linguados/genética , Vibrioses/veterinária , Animais , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Evolução Molecular , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Linguados/imunologia , Linguados/microbiologia , Duplicação Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Filogenia , Vibrio/patogenicidade , Vibrioses/imunologia
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852193

RESUMO

Biomass aerogels are highly attractive candidates in various applications due to their intrinsic merits of high strength, high porosity, biodegradability, and renewability. However, under low-temperature harsh conditions, biomass aerogels suffer from weakened mechanical properties, become extremely brittle, and lose functionality. Herein, we report a multifunctional biomass aerogel with lamella nanostructures (∼1 µm) fabricated from cellulose nanofibers (∼200 nm) and gelatin, showing outstanding elasticity from room temperature to ultralow temperatures (repeatedly bent, twisted, or compressed in liquid nitrogen). The resultant aerogel exhibits excellent organic solvent absorption, thermal infrared stealth, and thermal insulation performance in both normal and extreme environments. Even at dry ice temperature (-78 °C), the aerogel can selectively and repeatedly absorb organic solvents in the same way as room temperature with high capacities (90-177 g/g). Excellent heat insulation and infrared stealth performances are achieved in a wide temperature range of -196 to 80 °C. Further, this aerogel combines with the advantages of ultralow density (∼6 mg/cm3), biodegradability, flame retardancy, and performance stability, making it a perfect candidate for multifunctional applications under harsh conditions. This work greatly broadens application temperature windows of biomass aerogels and sheds light on the development of mechanically robust biomass aerogels for various applications under extreme conditions.

9.
Int J Phytoremediation ; : 1-11, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34872411

RESUMO

Root pruning can impact the physiological functions of various plants, which influence phytoremediation. A series of root pruning treatments with different combinations of direction (two-side pruning and four-side pruning) and intensity (10, 25, and 33% pruning) were performed on Celosia argentea L. All two-side pruning treatments, regardless of intensity, decreased the dry biomass of the C. argentea roots at the end of the experiment relative to that of the control. However, the two-side-10% and two-side-25% pruning treatments stimulated the growth rate of the plant leaves significantly by 58.6 and 41.4%, respectively, relative to that of the control, and even offset the weight loss of the plant roots. Contrastingly, the two-side-33% pruning treatment reduced the biomass yield of leaves by 24.1%. For the four-side pruning treatments, the low intensity increased the dry weight of both the plant roots and leaves, while both decreased under high-intensity root pruning. The dry weight, Cd content, pigment level, and photosynthetic efficiency in the four-side-10% treatment were higher than those in the other treatments during the experiment. This study indicates that root pruning with a suitable combination of direction and intensity can positively influence the Cd removal ability of C. argentea.

10.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881872

RESUMO

Tropomyosin (TM) was reported to be a supercoil allergen of shellfish. However, little information is available about its link between structure and allergenicity. In this study, the subunit of TM (α-TM) and supercoil of TM (α2-TM) were identified from Haliotis discus hannai. α2-TM showed higher immunoreactivity than α-TM. Meanwhile, seven linear epitopes in α-TM and α2-TM were verified, and two conformational epitopes in α2-TM were predicted. The physicochemical properties and chemical bond assays confirmed the existence of the disulfide bond in α2-TM. According to spectroscopy and hydrophobicity analysis, α-TM showed higher α-helix features and blueshift of the fluorescence intensity peak compared with those of α2-TM. The structure analysis revealed the possibility of conformational epitopes in α2-TM, which could explain the immunoreactivity differences between α-TM and α2-TM further. These results improved the understanding of Haliotis discus hannai TM, which lay the foundation for the food processing of abalone.

11.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 794561, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34957164

RESUMO

If not cured promptly, tissue ischemia and hypoxia can cause serious consequences or even threaten the life of the patient. Hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier-201 (HBOC-201), bovine hemoglobin polymerized by glutaraldehyde and stored in a modified Ringer's lactic acid solution, has been investigated as a blood substitute for clinical use. HBOC-201 was approved in South Africa in 2001 to treat patients with low hemoglobin (Hb) levels when red blood cells (RBCs) are contraindicated, rejected, or unavailable. By promoting oxygen diffusion and convective oxygen delivery, HBOC-201 may act as a direct oxygen donor and increase oxygen transfer between RBCs and between RBCs and tissues. Therefore, HBOC-201 is gradually finding applications in treating various ischemic and hypoxic diseases including traumatic hemorrhagic shock, hemolysis, myocardial infarction, cardiopulmonary bypass, perioperative period, organ transplantation, etc. However, side effects such as vasoconstriction and elevated methemoglobin caused by HBOC-201 are major concerns in clinical applications because Hbs are not encapsulated by cell membranes. This study summarizes preclinical and clinical studies of HBOC-201 applied in various clinical scenarios, outlines the relevant mechanisms, highlights potential side effects and solutions, and discusses the application prospects. Randomized trials with large samples need to be further studied to better validate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of HBOC-201 to the extent where patient-specific treatment strategies would be developed for various clinical scenarios to improve clinical outcomes.

12.
Chemosphere ; 290: 133343, 2021 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34922963

RESUMO

It is necessary to reveal the responses of the biomass production and metal accumulation capacity of different plants to the variations of atmospheric conditions and soil metals, with the acceleration of urbanization and industrialization. In the present study, a series of experiments were designed to study the individual and interactive influences of O3 and CO2 fumigation on the biomass yield, variation in different leaf types, distribution of cadmium (Cd) in various tissues, and phytoremediation efficiency of Festuca arundinacea using open top chambers. The results found that an elevated O3 content of 80 ppb, a potential O3 content predicted for 2050, decreased the total dry mass of F. arundinacea and increased the proportion of falling leaf tissues of the species significantly. Under the same ambient CO2 levels, O3 fumigation increased the Cd concentrations in the roots and the fresh, mature, senescent, and dead leaf tissues by 27.8%, 133.3%, 94.4%, 125.3%, and 48.6%, respectively. An elevated CO2 content (550 ppm) promoted the biomass yield of F. arundinacea, particularly in the falling leaf tissues. The results of the combined O3 and CO2 treatment showed that CO2 fumigation alleviated the negative effects of O3 on plant growth and increased the accumulation capacity in different plant tissues. Significantly more Cd was accumulated in senescent and dead leaves under the synergistic action of CO2 and O3, suggesting that the phytoremediation effect on F. arundinacea using the falling leaves harvesting method could be improved under the future atmospheric environment of high CO2 and O3 levels.

13.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 760215, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34916938

RESUMO

Ameliorating graft injury induced by ischemia and hypoxia, expanding the donor pool, and improving graft quality and recipient prognosis are still goals pursued by the transplant community. The preservation of organs during this process from donor to recipient is critical to the prognosis of both the graft and the recipient. At present, static cold storage, which is most widely used in clinical practice, not only reduces cell metabolism and oxygen demand through low temperature but also prevents cell edema and resists apoptosis through the application of traditional preservation solutions, but these do not improve hypoxia and increase oxygenation of the donor organ. In recent years, improving the ischemia and hypoxia of grafts during preservation and repairing the quality of marginal donor organs have been of great concern. Hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) are "made of" natural hemoglobins that were originally developed as blood substitutes but have been extended to a variety of hypoxic clinical situations due to their ability to release oxygen. Compared with traditional preservation protocols, the addition of HBOCs to traditional preservation protocols provides more oxygen to organs to meet their energy metabolic needs, prolong preservation time, reduce ischemia-reperfusion injury to grafts, improve graft quality, and even increase the number of transplantable donors. The focus of the present study was to review the potential applications of HBOCs in solid organ preservation and provide new approaches to understanding the mechanism of the promising strategies for organ preservation.

14.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 765757, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34917051

RESUMO

Bloodstream infections (BSI) are associated with high morbidity and mortality and remain a leading cause of death. Blood culture (BC) including the identification and the antimicrobial susceptibility testing of the causative microorganisms should be performed as soon as possible. In this study, we developed an in-house rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing (rAST) protocol for positive BC. First, the rAST was performed in the simulated positive BC of standard strains (Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853) at three different times to assess the reproducibility and operability by dispensing four drops of BC broth onto a Mueller-Hinton agar plate after a positive signal. Furthermore, the rAST was performed in clinical positive BCs. The results of rAST at 4, 6, 8, and 18 h of incubation were compared with results of the standard 16- to 20-h disk diffusion method, and the preliminary breakpoints of the rAST method were established according to the inhibition diameter of sensitive strains and resistant strains. Finally, the rAST was performed in the simulated positive BC of clinical strains to evaluate the availability of the preliminary breakpoints. The rAST results of standard strains were distributed evenly at three different times. Among the 202 clinical strains used to establish the preliminary breakpoints, the number of zone diameters that could be read and interpreted (60, 87, 98, and 100%) increased with incubation time (4, 6, 8, and 18 h), and the categorical agreement was acceptable, with total error rates of 3.0, 2.3, 2.1, and 1.3% at 4, 6, 8, and 18 h of incubation, respectively. In conclusion, the in-house rAST protocol for positive BC can be implemented in routine laboratories. It provides reliable antimicrobial susceptibility testing results for BSI pathogens after 4-6 h of incubation.

15.
PeerJ ; 9: e12508, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34900427

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive bacterium that can cause diverse skin and soft tissue infections. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) can cause more severe infections than methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA). Nevertheless, the physiological and metabolic regulation of MSSA and MRSA has not been well studied. In light of the increased interest in endogenous peptides and recognition of the important roles that they play, we studied the endogenous peptidome of MSSA and MRSA. We identified 1,065 endogenous peptides, among which 435 were differentially expressed (DE), with 292 MSSA-abundant endogenous peptides and 35 MRSA-abundant endogenous peptides. MSSA-abundant endogenous peptides have significantly enriched "VXXXK" motif of at the C-terminus. MSSA-abundant endogenous peptides are involved in penicillin-binding and immune responses, whereas MRSA-abundant endogenous peptides are associated with antibiotic resistance and increased toxicity. Our characterization of the peptidome of MSSA and MRSA provides a rich resource for future studies to explore the functional regulation of drug resistance in S. aureus and may also help elucidate the mechanisms of its pathogenicity and the development of treatments.

16.
Cells ; 10(12)2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34943884

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease associated with various alterations in T cell phenotype and function leading to an abnormal cell population, ultimately leading to immune exhaustion. However, restoration of T cell function allows for the execution of cytotoxic mechanisms against leukemic cells in AML patients. Therefore, long-term disease control, which requires multiple therapeutic approaches, includes those aimed at the re-establishment of cytotoxic T cell activity. AML treatments that harness the power of T lymphocytes against tumor cells have rapidly evolved over the last 3 to 5 years through various stages of preclinical and clinical development. These include tissue-infiltrated lymphocytes (TILs), bispecific antibodies, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cell therapy, and tumor-specific T cell receptor gene-transduced T (TCR-T) cells. In this review, these T cell-based immunotherapies and the potential of TILs as a novel antileukemic therapy will be discussed.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/imunologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Animais , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Modelos Biológicos
17.
Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital ; 41(5): 450-460, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734581

RESUMO

Objective: We determined the influence of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) on quality of life (QOL) before and after functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery (FESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Methods: Medically-recalcitrant CRS patients were recruited prior to FESS. GERD was diagnosed endoscopically. QOL was compared between patients with vs without GERD at baseline and one-year post-FESS. Results: Of 187 CRS patients receiving FESS, 40 had GERD. Pre-operative QOL was significantly worse in CRS patients with vs without GERD. Pre-operative GERD health-related QOL (GERD-HRQL) and reflux symptom index (RSI) scores were both correlated with pre-operative SNOT-22 scores. Compared with non-GERD CRS patients, GERD patients demonstrated larger SNOT-22 improvements after FESS, such that post-operative SNOT-22 values were no longer significantly different between GERD and non-GERD groups. However, post-FESS, in patients with CRS without nasal polyps (unlike those with nasal polyps), the GERD (vs non-GERD) group suffered from greater sleep dysfunction and otologic/facial symptoms. Conclusions: Compared to CRS patients without GERD, those with GERD experienced poorer pre-operative QOL and greater QOL improvement after FESS.


Assuntos
Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Pólipos Nasais , Rinite , Sinusite , Doença Crônica , Endoscopia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Rinite/complicações , Sinusite/complicações
18.
Adv Mater ; : e2107327, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762328

RESUMO

Liquid gating membranes have been demonstrated to show unprecedented properties of dynamicity, stability, adaptivity, and stimulus-responsiveness. Most recently, smart liquid gating membranes have attracted increasing attention to bring some brand-new properties for real-world applications, and various environment-driven systems have been created. Here, a self-driven system of a smart liquid gating membrane is further developed by designing a new sytem based on a liquid gating magnetoelastic porous membrane with reversible meniscus-shaped deformations, and it is not subject to the complex gating liquid restriction of magnetorheological fluids. Compared with other systems, this magnetic-responsive self-driven system has the advantage that it provides a universal and convenient way to realize active regulation of gas/liquid release. Experiments and theoretical calculations demonstrate the stability, the nonfouling behavior, and the tunability of the system. In addition, this system can be used to perfectly open and close gas transport, and the gating pressure threshold for the liquid release can be reduced under the same conditions. Based on the above capabilities, combined with the fast and 3D contactless operation, it will be of benefit in fields ranging from visible gas/liquid mixture content monitoring and energy-saving multiphase separation, remote fluid release, and beyond.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743305

RESUMO

The effects of magnetic field treatments on the two determining factors of phytoremediation, growth status and element uptake capacity, of Sedum alfredii Hance. have been thoroughly studied; however, minimal studies have been performed to determine the influence of the Cd hyperaccumulator S. alfredii, grown from magnetically treated seeds, on the dissolved organic matter (DOM) characteristics in its rhizosphere. A series of pot experiments were conducted to evaluate the variations in the DOM concentration and fractionations in the rhizosphere of S. alfredii treated with external magnetic fields. Compared with the untreated seeds, S. alfredii grown from magnetically treated seeds excreted more DOM in its rhizosphere. Additionally, the hydrophilic DOM fractionation proportion, which presented a greater capacity to mobilize Cd in the soil, increased from 42.7 % in the control sample to 47.2 % in the 150 mT magnetically treated S. alfredii sample. The water-soluble and exchangeable forms of Cd in the rhizosphere of the magnetically treated S. alfredii were significantly lower than those of the control sample. Furthermore, the Cd extraction capacity of DOM from the rhizosphere of the magnetically treated S. alfredii was greater than that of the control sample, thereby increasing the Cd uptake ability of the magnetically treated species. This study proves that a suitable magnetic field treatment can enhance the phytoremediation effect of S. alfredii, and reveals the mechanism of the phenomenon from the perspective of changes in soil DOM.

20.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 1043, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current guidelines support different management of cryptococcosis between severely immunodeficient and immunocompetent populations. However, few studies have focused on cryptococcosis patients with mild-to-moderate immunodeficiency. We performed this study to determine the clinical features of pulmonary (PC) and extrapulmonary cryptococcosis (EPC) and compared them among populations with different immune statuses to support appropriate clinical management of this public health threat. METHODS: All cases were reported by 14 tertiary teaching hospitals in Jiangsu Province, China from January 2013 to December 2018. The trends in incidence, demographic data, medical history, clinical symptoms, laboratory test indicators, imaging characteristics and diagnostic method of these patients were then stratified by immune status, namely immunocompetent (IC, patients with no recognized underlying disease or those with an underlying disease that does not influence immunity, such as hypertension), mild-to-moderate immunodeficiency (MID, patients with diabetes mellitus, end-stage liver or kidney disease, autoimmune diseases treated with low-dose glucocorticoid therapy, and cancer treated with chemotherapy) and severe immunodeficiency (SID, patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, haematologic malignancies, solid organ transplantation or haematologic stem cell transplantation, idiopathic CD4 lymphocytosis, agranulocytosis, aggressive glucocorticoid or immunosuppressive therapy and other conditions or treatments that result in severe immunosuppression). RESULTS: The clinical data of 255 cryptococcosis patients were collected. In total, 66.3% of patients (169) were IC, 16.9% (43) had MID, and 16.9% (43) had SID. 10.1% of the patients (17) with IC were EPC, 18.6% of the patients (8) with MID were EPC, and 74.4% of patients (32) were EPC (IC/MID vs. SID, p < 0.001). Fever was more common in the SID group than in the IC and MID groups (69.8% vs. 14.8% vs. 37.2%, p < 0.001). Of chest CT scan, most lesions were distributed under the pleura (72.7%), presenting as nodules/lumps (90.3%) or consolidations (10.7%). Pleural effusion was more common in SID group compared to IC group (33.3% vs. 2.4%, p < 0.001). Positivity rate on the serum capsular polysaccharide antigen detection (CrAg) test was higher in the SID group than in the other two groups [100.0% vs. 84.4% (MID) vs. 78.2% (IC), p = 0.013]. Positivity rate on the serum CrAg test was also higher in cryptococcal meningitis patients than in PC patients (100.0% vs. 79.5%, p = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: The clinical presentation of MID patients is intermediate between SID and IC patients and is similar to that of IC patients. The serum CrAg test is more sensitive for the identification of SID or EPC patients.


Assuntos
Criptococose , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência , Pneumopatias , Meningite Criptocócica , China/epidemiologia , Criptococose/diagnóstico , Criptococose/epidemiologia , Humanos
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