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1.
Ecology ; : e03007, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030743

RESUMO

The functional trait values that constitute a whole-plant phenotype interact with the environment to determine demographic rates. Current approaches often fail to explicitly consider trait-trait and trait-environment interactions, which may lead to missed information that is valuable for understanding and predicting the drivers of demographic rates and functional diversity. Here, we consider these interactions by modeling growth performance landscapes that span multidimensional trait spaces along environmental gradients. We utilize individual-level leaf, stem and root trait data combined with growth data from tree seedlings along soil nutrient and light gradients in a hyper-diverse tropical rainforest. We find that multiple trait combinations in phenotypic space (i.e. alternative designs) lead to multiple growth performance peaks that shift along light and soil axes such that no single or set of interacting traits consistently results in peak growth performance. Evidence from these growth performance peaks also generally indicates frequent independence of above and below ground resource acquisition strategies. These results help explain how functional diversity is maintained in ecological communities and question the practice of utilizing a single trait or environmental variable, in isolation, to predict the growth performance of individual trees.

2.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059111

RESUMO

The typical polymer electrolyte matrix has been limited to the chains consisting of -C-C- or -C-O-C- or -Si-O- backbone with different solvating groups for decades. In this work, the polymeric sulfur consisting of -(S-S)n- backbone with a high sulfur content (up to 90 wt % S) was reported for the first time. The flexible -(S-S)n- chains with high S atom density create an intense "solvating" environment for Li+ conduction, achieving an excellent Li+ conductivity of 1.69 × 10-3 S cm-1 at 80 °C. Benefiting from its unique thermoplasticity, a hot-rolling process was also developed for fabricating the poly-S membrane. The symmetric solid-state Li cell using the membrane showed a high cycling stability over 300 h. The work offers a novel platform for chemists to design new polymer electrolytes that are quite different with conventional carbon-based polymer electrolytes.

3.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 679, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32015349

RESUMO

Auxin determines the developmental fate of plant tissues, and local auxin concentration is precisely controlled. The role of auxin transport in modulating local auxin concentration has been widely studied but the regulation of local auxin biosynthesis is less well understood. Here, we show that TRYPTOPHAN AMINOTRANSFERASE OF ARABIDOPSIS (TAA1), a key enzyme in the auxin biosynthesis pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana is phosphorylated at Threonine 101 (T101). T101 phosphorylation status can act as an on/off switch to control TAA1-dependent auxin biosynthesis and is required for proper regulation of root meristem size and root hair development. This phosphosite is evolutionarily conserved suggesting post-translational regulation of auxin biosynthesis may be a general phenomenon. In addition, we show that auxin itself, in part via TRANS-MEMBRANE KINASE 4 (TMK4), can induce T101 phosphorylation of TAA1 suggesting a self-regulatory loop whereby local auxin signalling can suppress biosynthesis. We conclude that phosphorylation-dependent control of TAA1 enzymatic activity may contribute to regulation of auxin concentration in response to endogenous and/or external cues.

4.
J Food Prot ; : 256-265, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961225

RESUMO

With the expansion of e-commerce, an increasing number of Chinese consumers are turning to online markets to purchase foreign seafood. When buying seafood online, customers cannot physically evaluate the product, and the market Web page instead of the seafood label conveys all of the product information. However, specific regulations concerning the information presented on the Web page have not been created, which may foster seafood fraud and misdescription. Because mislabeling of seafood has become a widely reported issue in the Chinese offline market, the online scenario must be investigated comprehensively. This study focused on various seafood products that originated from 20 countries and were sold by one of the largest e-commerce companies in China. For each country, only the product with the greatest overall monthly transaction volume was selected, and 5 samples were purchased per product for a total of 100 samples. The Web page description (including the heading of the Web page and the description of the commodity) and the label of the received products were compared to evaluate the description consistency. DNA barcoding technology was used for seafood species identification, and the scientific names retrieved from the sequence analysis after consulting the Barcode of Life Data systems and GenBank were compared with the expected species, genus, and family to determine the description authenticity. Only 25% of the samples had consistent descriptions on the Web page and on the label of the received product. Most of the inconsistency originated from the geographical origin, and only four products (G10, G50, G19, and G69) had inconsistent species, genus, and family descriptions. Molecular analysis revealed that in 65% of samples the species was correctly described. The online seafood market presents challenges regarding seafood fraud and opportunities for seafood species substitution.

5.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase 7 (MMP7), surfactant protein D (SPD), interleukin 18 (IL-18) and chemokine ligand 18 (CCL18) with dermatomyositis and polymyositis-associated interstitial lung disease (DM/PM-ILD) and evaluate their prognostic values in the disease. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with multiple disciplinary team diagnosis of DM/PM-ILD were enrolled and classified as anti-melanoma differentiation-associated protein 5 antibody (MDA5)-ILD, anti-synthetase antibodies (ARS)-ILD and other antibodies-ILD upon autoantibodies profiles. Clinical data were collected and serum levels of four biomarkers were analysed. The primary endpoint was 3-month mortality. The cut-off values of biomarkers for mortality were figured out by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Cox regression was performed to evaluate predictive values. RESULTS: Serum levels of MMP7 (p=0.036), SPD (p<0.001), IL-18 (p<0.001) and CCL18 (p<0.001) in patients with DM/PM-ILD were significantly higher than healthy controls with levels of MMP7 (p=0.029) and SPD (p=0.029) in patients with MDA5-ILD significantly lower than patients with ARS-ILD. The 3-month mortality in MDA5-ILD was 54.5% (12/22). Multivariate analysis showed that age (p=0.001, HR 1.151, 95% CI 1.063-1.247) and an increased level of SPD (>75.90ng/ml, p=0.005, HR 16.411, 95% CI 2.369-113.711) were significant predictors for 3-month mortality in patients with MDA5-ILD. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated serum biomarkers were associated with DM/PM-ILD with differential levels between MDA5-ILD and ARS-ILD. Age and an increased SPD had prognostic values for predicting short-term mortality in patients with MDA5-ILD. Our study was important in providing a clue for understanding the classification and prognosis of DM/PM-ILD.

6.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 97: 322-335, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805413

RESUMO

Cathepsin L (CTSL) is one of the crucial enzymes in cathepsin family, which has been widely known for its involvement in the innate immunity. However, it still remains poorly understood how CTSL modulates the immune system of teleosts. In this study, we captured three cathepsin L genes (SmCTSL, SmCTSL.1 and SmCTSL1) from turbot (Scophthalmus maximus). The coding sequences of SmCTSL, SmCTSL.1 and SmCTSL1 are 1,026 bp, 1,005 bp and 1,017 bp in length and encode 341, 334 and 338 amino acids, respectively. In details, transcripts of CTSL genes share same domains as other CTSL genes, one signal peptide, one propeptide and one papain family cysteine protease domain. Protein interaction network analysis indicated that turbot CTSL genes may play important roles in apoptotic signaling and involve in innate immune response. Evidence from subcellular localization demonstrated that the three Cathepsin L proteins were ubiquitous in nucleus and cytoplasm. The cathepsin L genes were widely expressed in all the tested tissues with the highest expression level of SmCTSL in spleen, and SmCTSL.1 and SmCTSL1 in intestine. Following Vibrio anguillarum, Edwardsiella tarda and Streptococcus iniae challenge, these cathepsin L genes were significantly regulated in mucosal tissues in all the challenges, especially significant down-regulation occurred rapidly in intestine in all the three challenges. In addition, the three cathepsin L genes showed strong binding ability to all the examined microbial ligands (LPS, PGN and LTA). Further studies should be used to analyze the specific function of these three cathepsin L genes. By then, we can use their function to maintain the integrity of the mucosal barrier, thereby promoting the disease resistance line and family selection in turbot.

7.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 105(2)2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614369

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Observational studies have demonstrated that early menarche is associated with cardiometabolic diseases, but confounding factors make it difficult to infer causality. OBJECTIVE: We used Mendelian randomization (MR) to examine whether age at menarche (AAM) is causally associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D), coronary artery disease (CAD) and cardiometabolic traits. DESIGN AND METHODS: A 2-sample MR analysis was conducted using genome-wide association study (GWAS) summary statistics from the Diabetes Genetics Replication and Meta-analysis (DIAGRAM) consortium (n = 159 208) for T2D and the Coronary Artery Disease Genome-wide Replication and Meta-analysis plus the Coronary Artery Disease Genetics (CARDIoGRAMplusC4D) consortium (n = 184 305) for CAD. We used 122 instrumental variables (IVs) extracted from a published GWAS meta-analysis incorporating 182 416 women to determine the causal effect of AAM on cardiometabolic diseases, treating childhood and adult body mass index (BMI) as the confounders. Sensitivity analyses were also performed to detect the pleiotropy of the IVs. RESULTS: Employing the MR approach, we found that later AAM was associated with decreased risk of CAD (OR, 0.92 [95% CI, 0.88-0.96]; P = 2.06 × 10-4) in adults, as well as lower blood levels of log fasting insulin, log homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), log HOMA of ß-cell function (HOMA-B), triglycerides, and diastolic blood pressure, but higher blood level of high-density lipoprotein. However, the associations were substantially attenuated after excluding BMI-related variants. MR analyses provide little evidence on the causal effect between AAM and T2D. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed that AAM did not appear to have a causal effect on the risk of cardiometabolic diseases in adult life, as their associations observed in epidemiological studies might be largely mediated through excessive adiposity. We propose adiposity might be a primary target in future intervention strategy.

8.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 20(1): 216-227, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600851

RESUMO

Pyropia haitanensis (Bangiales, Rhodophyta), a major economically important marine crop, is also considered as an ideal research model of Rhodophyta to address several major biological questions such as sexual reproduction and adaptation to intertidal abiotic stresses. However, comparative genomic analysis to decipher the underlying molecular mechanisms is hindered by the lack of high-quality genome information. Therefore, we integrated sequencing data from Illumina short-read sequencing, PacBio single-molecule sequencing and BioNano optical genome mapping. The assembled genome was approximately 53.3 Mb with an average GC% of 67.9%. The contig N50 and scaffold N50 were 510.3 kb and 5.8 Mb, respectively. Additionally, 10 superscaffolds representing 80.9% of the total assembly (42.7 Mb) were anchored and orientated to the 5 linkage groups based on markers and genetic distance; this outcome is consistent with the karyotype of five chromosomes (n = 5) based on cytological observation in P. haitanensis. Approximately 9.6% and 14.6% of the genomic region were interspersed repeat and tandem repeat elements, respectively. Based on full-length transcriptome data generated by PacBio, 10,903 protein-coding genes were identified. The construction of a genome-wide phylogenetic tree demonstrated that the divergence time of P. haitanensis and Porphyra umbilicalis was ~204.4 Ma. Interspecies comparison revealed that 493 gene families were expanded and that 449 were contracted in the P. haitanensis genome compared with those in the Po. umbilicalis genome. The genome identified is of great value for further research on the genome evolution of red algae and genetic adaptation to intertidal stresses.

9.
Gene ; 725: 144159, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629818

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third most common cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide due to its frequent metastasis, tumor recurrence, and lack of curative treatment. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in HCC progression remain unclear. Here, we analyzed the global gene expression of spontaneous liver tumor tissue from CBA/CaJ mice by RNA-Seq and identified 10,706 and 10,374 genes in the normal and liver tumor groups, respectively. Only 9793 genes were expressed in both, 913 genes were identified in only the liver tumor group, and 581 genes were found in normal liver tissues. There were 2054 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), with 975 down-regulated genes and 1079 up-regulated genes. Gene ontology (GO) term enrichment analysis showed that 43 up-regulated genes were significantly associated with cell cycle regulation and hundreds of up-regulated genes were related to cell migration, adhesion, or metabolic processes. KEGG pathway enrichment also demonstrated that some DEGs were tightly associated with the cell cycle, extracellular matrix (ECM)-receptor interactions, as well as protein digestion and absorption pathways, indicating that the activation of these oncogenic cascades was closely related to tumor liver progression in CBA/CaJ mice. Ninety-three genes with elevated expression levels preferentially localized in microtubules, kinetochores, and spindles play an important role during mitosis and meiosis and are associated with the reorganization of the cytoskeleton in cancer cells during migration and invasion. Some ECM-related genes were significantly different in the tumor group, including collagen types I, III, IV, V, and VI, non-collagenous glycoproteins, laminin, and fibronectin. We further validated the functions of upregulated genes, such as cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1) and polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1), with regards to cell cycle regulation, apoptosis, and proliferation in normal human liver or liver tumor-derived cell lines. Our results indicated that the cell cycle dysregulation, ECM-receptor interaction, and cytoskeleton-associated genes in mouse livers may promote HCC progression and deciphering the function of the genes will help investigators understand the underlying molecular mechanism of HCC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Proteína Quinase CDC2/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos CBA , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Transcrição Genética , Transcriptoma
10.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124640, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524609

RESUMO

Triclosan (TCS) is a kind of chronic toxicity to aquatic organisms. Due to its highly effective antimicrobial, TCS has been widely applied in personal-care products, which naturally poses a potential risk to the ecological system and human health since its release into water-ecological environment. Therefore, it urgently demands a selective, easily separated, recyclable, and low-cost adsorbent to remove the residues of TCS from aquatic environments. In this study, a novel magnetic molecularly imprinted nano-polymers (TMIPs) were prepared for selective adsorption and convenient collection of TCS in aquatic samples, based on a core-shell technique using TCS as template molecule and SiO2-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles as the support substrate. The functional groups, particle size, morphology and magnetic property of TMIPs were characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscopy and vibrating sample magnetometer, respectively. The obtained TMIPs possessed excellent adsorption capacity (Qe = 53.12 mg g-1), speedy adsorption equilibrium time (2 min) and high selectivity (k' = 6.321) for TCS. Moreover, the pH-tolerance and stability tests manifested that the adsorption capacity of TMIPs for TCS was acid-resistance and could retain 94.2% of the maximum Qe after 5 times removal-regeneration cycles. The feature of magnetically susceptibility can simplify the procedures of sample handling in TCS determination, because the TMIPs of TCS are easy to be recycled from aquatic samples. As an application demonstration, the toxicity test in microalgae confirmed that a tiny amount of TMIPs could significantly eliminate the toxic effect of TCS on Chlamydomonas reinhardtii via the efficient binding with TCS.


Assuntos
Magnetismo/métodos , Impressão Molecular , Nanopartículas/química , Triclosan/isolamento & purificação , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Adsorção , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Cosméticos/química , Cosméticos/toxicidade , Impressão Molecular/métodos , Tamanho da Partícula , Polímeros/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Triclosan/toxicidade
11.
Mar Drugs ; 17(12)2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835446

RESUMO

Active polysaccharides as safe and natural polymers against bacterial diarrhea have been reconsidered as an alternative to antibiotics. This work investigated the inhibiting effect of depolymerized sulfated galactans from Eucheuma serra and Gracilaria verrucosa on the growth and adhesion of diarrheagenic enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) K88. Results showed that the sulfated polysaccharides with molecular weight distribution ≤20.0 kDa exhibited antibacterial activity against ETEC K88. A structure-activity study revealed that the anti-ETEC K88 activity of sulfated polysaccharides is strictly determined by their molecular weight distribution, sulfate group content, and monosaccharide composition. In addition, the promoted nucleic acid release and the fluorescence quenching of membrane proteins were observed after the treatment with selected polysaccharides. Scanning electron microscopy further confirmed that the depolymerized sulfated galactans can effectively inhibit ETEC K88 adhesion. In conclusion, depolymerized sulfated galactans exhibited an inhibitory effect on the growth and adhesion of ETEC K88.

13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(46): 12918-12926, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668066

RESUMO

The triosephosphate isomerase (TIM), Scy p 8, is a crab allergen and shows cross-reactivity in the shellfish. Here, recombinant Scy p 8 was expressed, and its crystal structure was determined at a resolution of 1.8 Å. The three-dimensional structure of Scy p 8 is primarily composed of a (ß/α)8-barrel motif prototype. Additionally, Scy p 8 showed cross-reactivity with high sequential and secondary structural identity among TIMs from shellfish species. The site-directed mutagenesis of critical amino acids of conformational epitopes was carried out, and the mutants of Trp 168 and Lys 237 to Ala reduced immunoglobulin E (IgE)-binding activity by approximately 30%, compared with wild-type TIM in an inhibition ELISA; however, it still induced basophil activation despite the interpatient variability between patients. These results can help to provide an accurate template for the analysis of the IgE binding and establish meaningful relationships between structure and allergenicity.


Assuntos
Braquiúros/enzimologia , Epitopos/química , Triose-Fosfato Isomerase/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Braquiúros/química , Braquiúros/genética , Braquiúros/imunologia , Reações Cruzadas , Cristalização , Epitopos/genética , Epitopos/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Conformação Molecular , Conformação Proteica , Alinhamento de Sequência , Frutos do Mar/análise , Hipersensibilidade a Frutos do Mar/imunologia , Triose-Fosfato Isomerase/química , Triose-Fosfato Isomerase/genética
14.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 95: 556-563, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693944

RESUMO

The tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) is originally characterized as an endogenous inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) to response collagenolysis associated with immune challenge. In this study, the cDNA encoding TIMP-2a gene from red seabream (Pagrus major) muscle was cloned. It was 585 bp encoding a putative protein of 194 amino acids, which comprised all recognized functional domains and showed the high identity to TIMP-2as from other teleost fishes, revealing it belongs to TIMP-2a family. Soluble rTIMP-2a was efficiently expressed using a new constructed pPIC9K-rTIMP-2a vector with high inhibitory activity against to MMP-2 and MMP-9. The recombinant TIMP-2a tagged with 6 histidine residues showed the molecular mass of 23 kDa and isoelectric point of 6.50. Furthermore, the 6 disulfide bonds formed by 12 conserved cysteine residues were identified as functional motifs for its structural stability. In addition, rTIMP-2a possessed the high inhibitory activity against gelatinolytic hydrolysis and degradation of type I collagen which induced by endogenous MMPs in muscle. The results revealed the properties and inhibitory function of rTIMP-2a, which may be a pivotal role in regulation gelatinolytic MMPs metabolization during defense mechanism.

15.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15307, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653936

RESUMO

Genetic factors were identified to be associated with the development of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We aimed to investigate associations between mucin 5B (MUC5B) and telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) polymorphisms and telomere length (TL) with honeycombing extent and survival in a Chinese IPF cohort. Seventy-nine patients diagnosed with IPF were enrolled. The honeycombing extents in high resolution CT scan (HRCT) were quantitatively scored and defined as mild (<10%), moderate (10-50%), and severe (>50%) upon the honeycombing extents involving the total lung. We tested five single-nucleotide polymorphisms [rs35705950, rs868903 in MUC5B, rs2736100, rs2853676 in TERT and rs1881984 in Telomerase RNA Gene (TERC) and TLs in peripheral blood leucocytes, and evaluated their associations with radiographic extent and survival in IPF. The minor allele frequencies (MAF) were significantly greater for MUC5B rs868903 (P = 0.042) and TERT rs2853676 (P = 0.041) in IPF than those in healthy controls. CT/CC genotype of MUC5B rs868903 (p = 0.045) and short TLs (p = 0.035) were correlated with the more extensive honeycombing opacities in HRCT. After adjustment for age, sex, and smoking status, MUC5B rs868903 polymorphism was the significant gene risk factors for reduced survival (p = 0.044) in IPF. MUC5B promoter rs868903 polymorphism and TLs were associated with radiographic extent and survival in a Chinese IPF cohort. These findings suggested a genetic clue for exploring the underlying molecular basis and pathogenesis of IPF.

16.
Food Funct ; 10(11): 7131-7141, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595923

RESUMO

Dihydromyricetin (DMY) is a natural flavonoid compound derived from Lysionotus pauciflorus Maxim and has been found to possess numerous biological activities. However, there have been few reports regarding its anti-food allergic activity. In this study, we demonstrated that DMY could upregulate the rectal temperature, suppress the development of diarrhea, decrease the levels of serum specific immunoglobulin (Ig)E, histamine, and mouse mast cell protease-1, and promote the production of interleukin-10 in ovalbumin-allergic mice. Moreover, DMY downregulated the population of B cells and mast cells and upregulated the population of regulatory T cells in the spleens of ovalbumin-allergic mice. Furthermore, DMY blocked the high affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI)-IgE interaction, inhibited the release of ß-hexosaminidase and histamine in rat basophilic leukemia-2H3 cells, and alleviated passive cutaneous anaphylaxis reactions. These findings indicated that L. pauciflorus derived DMY might have the potential to alleviate food hypersensitivity or allergic diseases.

17.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 48(5): 745-750, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601324

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current situation of the utilization of infant and young child health services in pool rural areas where minorities gathered in Sichuan and Gansu Province and analyze its effect on infant nutrition and growth. METHODS: We choosed 1065 infants and young children aged≤24 months with their mother as the subjects by multistage cluster random sampling in October to November 2014 in poor rural areas where ethnic minorities gathered in Sichuan and Gansu Province. Questionnaires were used to obtain the data of demography and utilization of maternal and child health services, physical examination to obtain the data of growth status, and hemoglobin detection to obtain the hemoglobin level. The relationship between the nutrition and growth status and maternal and child health service utilization was analyzed by the unconditioned Logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Among the surveyed infants and young children, the underweight rate was 3. 38%, the stunting rate was 10. 52%, and the wasting rate was 2. 25%, the malnutrition prevalence was 12. 58%, and the anemia prevalence was 52. 68%. The children's physical examination rate was 37. 09%, and the systematic management( frequency of physical examination reached the standard) rate of children was 12. 68%. The rate of prophylactic inoculation was 92. 30%, and the rate of reaching the standard of vaccination frequency was 48. 73%. After adjusting the confounding factors, the result showed that utilization of vaccination( OR = 0. 41, 95% CI0. 23-0. 74) and vaccination frequency reaching the standard( OR = 0. 58, 95%CI 0. 36-0. 92) were protective factors for infant malnutrition. Children 's physical examinations frequency reaching the standard( OR = 0. 52, 95%CI 0. 35-0. 79) was a protective factor for infant anemia. CONCLUSION: Reasonable utilization of health services can reduce the poor result of nutrition and growth of infants in poor rural areas where ethnic minorities gather in Sichuan and Gansu provinces.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , População Rural , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estado Nutricional , Prevalência
18.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621074

RESUMO

10-hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT), a natural plant extract, exerts anticancer capacity. HCPT has been reported to induce apoptosis and autophagy in human cancer cells. The interaction between autophagy and apoptosis induced by HCPT and the molecular mechanism in bladder cancer cells were investigated in this study. Our results confirmed that HCPT suppressed cell viability and migration and caused cell-cycle arrest in T24 and 5637. Then, we used Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK to clarify that apoptosis induced by HCPT was mediated by caspase. Moreover, HCPT boosted autophagy through activating the AMPK/mTOR/ULK1 pathway. Blocking autophagy by 3-methyladenine, the adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) inhibitor dorsomorphin and siATG7 reversed HCPT-induced cytotoxicity. Conversely, rapamycin and the AMPK activator AICAR enhanced growth inhibition and cell apoptosis, suggesting that autophagy played a proapoptosis role. Taken together, our findings showed that HCPT-induced autophagy mediated by the AMPK pathway in T24 and 5637 cell lines, which reinforced the apoptosis, indicating that HCPT together with autophagy activator would be a novel strategy for clinical treatment in bladder cancer.

19.
Food Funct ; 10(10): 6767-6778, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576893

RESUMO

Coumarin is an important organic heterocyclic compound with a wide range of sources in nature. It plays an important role in the drug discovery process due to its existence in diverse biologically active compounds and its broad bioactivity. In this study, the anti-allergic activity of coumarin was evaluated using an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced mouse food allergy model and an immunoglobulin (Ig)E mediated mouse bone marrow-derived mast cell (BMMC) model. Coumarin could alleviate the OVA-induced allergic symptoms, decrease the diarrhea rates, and promote the rectal temperature rise in allergic mice. Moreover, coumarin had the ability to reduce the levels of histamine and mouse mast cell proteinases, inhibit OVA-specific IgE, and significantly decrease the population of mast cells in the spleen and mesenteric lymph nodes. Coumarin could also significantly suppress mast cell-dependent passive cutaneous anaphylaxis. Additionally, the number of mature BMMCs was decreased as coumarin caused the suppression of c-KIT receptors. Furthermore, coumarin up-regulated the apoptosis of OVA-activated BMMCs in a concentration-dependent manner. In conclusion, coumarin displayed effective anti-food allergy activity via the regulation of mast cell function and numbers. Coumarin and its derivatives provide a new direction for the development of anti-food allergic drug components.

20.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(37): 14570-14575, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480842

RESUMO

An efficient deuteration process of ß-amino C-H bonds in various N-alkylamine-based pharmaceutical compounds has been developed. Catalytic reactions begin with the action of Lewis acidic B(C6F5)3 and Brønsted basic N-alkylamine, converting a drug molecule into the corresponding enamine. The acid/base catalysts also promote the dedeuteration of acetone-d6 to afford a deuterated ammonium ion. Ensuing deuteration of the enamine then leads to the formation of ß-deuterated bioactive amines with up to 99% deuterium incorporation.

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