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1.
Research (Wash D C) ; 2021: 9874273, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778792

RESUMO

The poor electrical conductivity of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) has been a stumbling block for its applications in many important fields. Therefore, exploring a simple and effective strategy to regulate the conductivity of MOFs is highly desired. Herein, anionic guest molecules are incorporated inside the pores of a cationic MOF (PFC-8), which increases its conductivity by five orders of magnitude while maintaining the original porosity. In contrast, the same operation in an isoreticular neutral framework (PFC-9) does not bring such a significant change. Theoretical studies reveal that the guest molecules, stabilized inside pores through electrostatic interaction, play the role of electron donors as do in semiconductors, bringing in an analogous n-type semiconductor mechanism for electron conduction. Therefore, we demonstrate that harnessing electrostatic interaction provides a new way to regulate the conductivity of MOFs without necessarily altering the original porous structure. This strategy would greatly broaden MOFs' application potential in electronic and optoelectronic technologies.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812820

RESUMO

The construction of heterostructures is a universal method to hinder the radiative recombination of hot electrons and hot holes, which can effectively enhance the photothermal effect of semiconductors. In this work, a one-pot method was employed to prepare a composite named Bi2Se3@ZIF-8 NPs, which incredibly increased the photothermal conversion efficiency of Bi2Se3 NPs. The temperature elevation of Bi2Se3@ZIF-8 NPs was almost double that of the Bi2Se3 NPs; specifically, the temperature of the irradiated Bi2Se3@ZIF-8 NPs was strikingly increased to 130 °C within 6 seconds, and finally stabilized at 165 °C. Furthermore, the photothermal conversion ability was maintained over multiple irradiation cycles, which endows this composite with great potential to be an excellent photothermal agent.

3.
Chemosphere ; 288(Pt 1): 132488, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624346

RESUMO

Organic species in fine particulate matter (PM2.5) may exhibit significant health risks. The level, composition and sources of PM2.5-bound organic pollutants are temporally and spatially highly variable. In this study, the pollution characteristics and health risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans (PCDD/Fs) in PM2.5 of Dalian were investigated. PM2.5-bound organic pollutants in Dalian were generally lower than other regions in China and other countries, significant seasonal changes were observed, higher levels appeared in winter than in summer. Concentrations of 16 PAHs were 2.07 ng/m3 and 13.99 ng/m3 in summer and winter, respectively. PAHs with 4-ring and 5-ring were the dominant components. Diagnostic analysis and principal component analysis (PCA) indicated that PAHs mainly originate from petroleum emissions and combustion. Concentrations of PCDD/Fs, PCBs and PCNs in PM2.5 ranged from 0.05 to 3.27, 0.04-0.65 and 0.05-1.42 pg/m3, respectively. PCDD/Fs and PCBs were mainly consisted of high-chlorinated homologues during the sampling period. High-chlorinated PCNs were dominated only in winter, while low-chlorinated PCNs were dominated in summer, industrial thermal activity was one of the main sources of PCNs. The high correlation coefficients of the concentration of PAHs, PCBs, PCNs, and PCDD/Fs with that of SO2 indicated that combustion sources contributed more to PM2.5-bound organic pollutants than that of motor vehicle emissions. The incremental lifetime cancer risk induced by PM2.5-bound POPs is relatively lower in Dalian than other regions.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; : 151171, 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699831

RESUMO

Water-soluble organic matter (WSOM) is a complex mixture of organic compounds affecting global climate change and carbon cycle. Herein, Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) was used for identification of WSOM molecular compositions in annual atmospheric particulate matter with diameters ≤10 µm (PM10). Totally 6538 unambiguous monoisotopic molecular formulas were assigned to WSOM with m/z values concentrating in 150-600 Da. The CHO compounds with high unsaturation degrees contributed most (51.7-52.1%) to WSOM in spring and summer. However, the S-containing compounds (CHOS and CHNOS) with higher O/C and H/C ratios accounted for 56.8-63.2% of WSOM in autumn and winter. Temperature (r = 0.82) and O3 (r = 0.89) showed higher correlation with CHO compounds, which were mainly aliphatics and highly unsaturated structures with high oxygen compounds (80.7-90.8%). The concentrations of SO42- (r = 0.33) and NO3- (r = 0.46) in PM10 both showed a positive correlation with the abundances of the S-containing compounds due to their direct participation in atmospheric reactions. Among them, 96-100% and 78-96% of the CHOS and CHNOS compounds were confirmed to be organosulfates (OSs) and nitrooxy-organosulfates (NOSs) by MS/MS analysis, respectively. These findings illustrate the strong association of atmospheric conditions with molecular chemodiversity of WSOM.

5.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 580: 20-27, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607259

RESUMO

Melatonin has been well documented for its neuroprotective role through inhibiting oxidative stress against traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the specific role of melatonin and the exact effects on cell responses (neurons, astrocytes, and microglia) in different brain regions are unclear. Here, we subjected mice to closed head injury, to establish a repeated mild TBI model and detect neuronal activity and glial responses in cognition-related brain regions after melatonin administration. Melatonin only showed cognitive enhancement if administered during early pathological stages, but not in late (chronic) stages. Additionally, we observed a significant increase in neuronal activity and inhibition of astrocyte reactivation in medial prefrontal cortex and hippocampus, but not in other cognitive deficit related brain regions. Furthermore, by activating astrocytes in these brain regions, we found neuronal activity upregulation and cognitive improvement following melatonin treatment. Therefore, we concluded that melatonin administration during the early stages of TBI is necessary to inhibit astrocyte reactivation and to promote cognitive function. Our results provide evidence for use of melatonin for cognitive improvement after TBIs.

6.
Clin Chim Acta ; 523: 208-215, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We identified proteins significant for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and to clarify mechanisms mediated by underlying proteins that may involve in the pathogenesis of RA. METHODS: Proteome-wide protein expressions were profiled by employing label-free quantitative proteomics methodology (Easy-nLC1000 and Q-exactive). The t-test was applied to identify differentially expressed proteins (DEP, p ≤ 0.05) between RA case and control samples. Gene Ontology enrichment analyses and Protein-Protein Interaction analyses were performed to annotate functions of DEPs. The selected DEP was validated in independent samples using Simple Western assay. Plasma protein level of α2 component of integrin (ITGA2) was measured by using ELISA. The DEP, ITGA2, was assessed for its effects on T cell proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, and inflammatory cytokine expression. RESULTS: Sixty-four DEPs (p < 0.05) were identified in PBMCs. The selected ITGA2 (Fold Change, FC = 2.20, p = 1.49E-02) was validated to be up-regulated (FC = 12.33, p = 4.90E-2) with RA, and plasma ITGA2 protein level significantly elevated in RA patients vs. controls. Over-expression of ITGA2 could promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis of Jurkat T cell, and induce IL-8, IFN-γ and TNF-α expression in Jurkat T cells. CONCLUSIONS: ITGA2 protein was significantly over-expressed in PBMCs in RA patients, and affects T cell growth and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in T cells.

7.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523675

RESUMO

OBJECT: Observational studies provide evidence that metabolites may be involved in the development of autoimmune diseases (ADs), but whether it is causal is still unknown. METHODS: Based on the large-scale GWAS summary statistics, two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) was performed to evaluate the causal association between human serum metabolites and multiple ADs, which were inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ulcerative Colitis (UC), crohn's disease (CD), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), type 1 diabetes (T1D), multiple sclerosis (MS), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). Comprehensive sensitive analysis was used to validate the robustness of MR results and multivariable MR analysis was conducted to avoid potential pleiotropic effect of other complex traits. Finally, metabolic pathway analysis was performed based on causal metabolites for each ad, respectively. RESULTS: We identified 6 causal features of metabolite after Bonferroni adjustment, i.e. glycerol 2-phosphate for T1D, hexadecanedioate, phenylacetylglutamine and laurylcarnitine for RA, glycine and arachidonate (20:4n6) for CD. Then comprehensively sensitive analysis proved the robustness of the causal associations. We also observed some overlaps of metabolites among different ADs, indicating the similar mechanisms. After controlling for several common traits, multivariable MR analysis ruled out most of potential pleiotropic effects and validated the independence of identified metabolites. Additionally, a total of 6 metabolic pathways have been identified for different ADs. CONCLUSIONS: This study provided novel insights into investigating causal role of serum metabolites in development of multiple ADs through a comprehensive genetic pathway.

8.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(48): 25485-25492, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533874

RESUMO

Herein, an effective tandem catalysis strategy is developed to improve the selectivity of the CO2 RR towards C2 H4 by multiple distinct catalytic sites in local vicinity. An earth-abundant elements-based tandem electrocatalyst PTF(Ni)/Cu is constructed by uniformly dispersing Cu nanoparticles (NPs) on the porphyrinic triazine framework anchored with atomically isolated nickel-nitrogen sites (PTF(Ni)) for the enhanced CO2 RR to produce C2 H4 . The Faradaic efficiency of C2 H4 reaches 57.3 % at -1.1 V versus the reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE), which is about 6 times higher than the non-tandem catalyst PTF/Cu, which produces CH4 as the major carbon product. The operando infrared spectroscopy and theoretic density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that the local high concentration of CO generated by PTF(Ni) sites can facilitate the C-C coupling to form C2 H4 on the nearby Cu NP sites. The work offers an effective avenue to design electrocatalysts for the highly selective CO2 RR to produce multicarbon products via a tandem route.

9.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 18(11): 2530-2540, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556823

RESUMO

Immunomodulation is considered a potential therapeutic approach for chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although it has been previously reported that CD4+ T cells contribute to the development of renal fibrosis, the role of MHC class II (MHCII) in the development of renal fibrosis remains largely unknown. The present study reports that the expression of MHCII molecules in renal cortical tubules is upregulated in mouse renal fibrosis models generated by unilateral ureter obstruction (UUO) and folic acid (FA). Proximal tubule epithelial cells (PTECs) are functional antigen-presenting cells that promote the proliferation of CD4+ T cells in an MHCII-dependent manner. PTECs from mice with renal fibrosis had a stronger ability to induce T cell proliferation and cytokine production than control cells. Global or renal tubule-specific ablation of H2-Ab1 significantly alleviated renal fibrosis following UUO or FA treatment. Renal expression of profibrotic genes showed a consistent reduction in H2-Ab1 gene-deficient mouse lines. Moreover, there was a marked increase in renal tissue CD4+ T cells after UUO or FA treatment and a significant decrease following renal tubule-specific ablation of H2-Ab1. Furthermore, renal tubule-specific H2-Ab1 gene knockout mice exhibited higher proportions of regulatory T cells (Tregs) and lower proportions of Th2 cells in the UUO- or FA-treated kidneys. Finally, Immunohistochemistry (IHC) studies showed increased renal expression of MHCII and the profibrotic gene α smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in CKD patients. Together, our human and mouse data demonstrate that renal tubular MHCII plays an important role in the pathogenesis of renal fibrosis.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 798: 149154, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333438

RESUMO

Suppressing the formation of chlorinated aromatics (Cl-aromatics) by chemical inhibitors is an important measure to reduce dioxin emission from the solid waste incineration plants. In this study, we first investigated the reduction effect of a novel inhibitor sodium thiocyanate (NaSCN) on the emission of dioxins in 2 full-scale solid waste incineration systems. Injection of NaSCN solution into the higher temperature flue gas resulted in about 60% reduction in the concentration of total tetra- to octa-chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in stack flue gas. The suppression effect was further verified by a laboratory study on the chlorination of naphthalene over model fly ashes with or without NaSCN addition. By characterizing the reaction products between NaSCN and key catalysts Cu and Fe chlorides, two main suppression mechanisms were proposed: (i) reduction of highly active cupric chloride (CuCl2) and ferric chloride (FeCl3) to less active cuprous chloride (CuCl) and ferrous chloride (FeCl2), (ii) sulfidation of Cu chlorides. The laboratory study indicated that the unreacted NaSCN in the combustion flue gas could be mainly decomposed into Na2S, C3N4, Na2S2O3, NaS2, Na2SO4, CO2, SO2, NO2 and COS. These decomposition products are low toxic or can be effectively removed by the air pollution control devices. CAPSULE: NaSCN suppressed the formation of chlorinated aromatics in combustion flue gas mainly through inducing the reduction of highly active Cu (II) and Fe (III) chlorides.


Assuntos
Incineração , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas , Dibenzofuranos , Dibenzofuranos Policlorados , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/análise , Resíduos Sólidos , Tiocianatos
11.
Cost Eff Resour Alloc ; 19(1): 53, 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404418

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the most prevalent cancer, and the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in China. The aim of this study was to estimate the direct medical expenditure incurred for lung cancer care and analyze the trend therein for the period 2002-2011 using nationally representative data in China METHODS: This study was based on 10-year, multicenter retrospective expenditure data collected from hospital records, covering 15,437 lung cancer patients from 13 provinces diagnosed during the period 2002-2011. All expenditure data were adjusted to 2011 to eliminate the effects of inflation using China's annual consumer price index. RESULTS: The direct medical expenditure for lung cancer care (in 2011) was 39,015 CNY (US$6,041) per case, with an annual growth rate of 7.55% from 2002 to 2011. Drug costs were the highest proportionally in the total medical expenditure (54.27%), followed by treatment expenditure (14.32%) and surgical expenditure (8.10%). Medical expenditures for the disease varied based on region, hospital level, type, and stage. CONCLUSION: The medical expenditure for lung cancer care is substantial in China. Drug costs and laboratory test are the main factors increasing medical costs.

12.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 721471, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413780

RESUMO

Zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8) is an important zinc transporter highly expressed in pancreatic islets. Deficiency of ZnT8 leads to a marked decrease in islet zinc, which is thought to prevent liver diseases associated with oxidative stress. Herein, we aimed to investigate whether loss of islet zinc affects the antioxidant capacity of the liver and acute drug-induced liver injury. To address this question, we treated ZnT8 knockout (KO) or wild-type control mice with 300 mg/ kg acetaminophen (APAP) or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). Unexpectedly, we found that loss of ZnT8 in mice ameliorated APAP-induced injury and was accompanied by inhibition of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation, reduced hepatocyte death, and decreased serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). An increase in hepatic glutathione (GSH) was observed, corresponding to a decrease in malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) levels. APAP-induced inflammation and glycogen depletion were alleviated. In contrast, no significant changes were observed in cytochrome P450 family 2 subfamily E member 1 (CYP2E1), the main enzyme responsible for drug metabolism. Elevated levels of hepatic zinc and metallothionein (MT) were also observed, which may contribute to the hepatoprotective effect in ZnT8 KO mice. Taken together, these results suggest that ZnT8 deficiency protects the liver from APAP toxicity by attenuating oxidative stress and promoting hepatocyte proliferation. This study provides new insights into the functions of ZnT8 and zinc as key mediators linking pancreatic and hepatic functions.

13.
J Perinatol ; 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413460

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the association between intraoperative hypothermia and AKI in neonates undergoing gastrointestinal surgeries. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study was conducted for neonates who underwent gastrointestinal surgeries from June 2018 to August 2020. Neonates with a minimum of two documented creatinine values before and after surgical procedures within 48 h were included. According to the mean intraoperative temperature, the eligible neonates were divided into three groups. The primary outcome was the incidence of AKI (as defined by the modified KDIGO criteria). The association between variables and AKI or hospital mortality was also examined. RESULTS: A total of 295 neonates fulfilled the eligibility criteria. AKI was more common in patients with lower intraoperative temperature compared to the normothermia group. Intraoperative mean temperature was independently associated with AKI. Patients developing AKI had a higher hospital mortality. AKI and gestational age were independently associated with hospital mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Inadvertent intraoperative hypothermia was associated with developing postoperative AKI.

14.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 39(6): 984-996, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338852

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Gut microbiota is now considered to be a hidden organ that interacts bidirectionally with cellular responses in numerous organs belonged to the immune, bone, and nervous systems. Here, we aimed to investigate the relationships between gut microbiota and complex diseases by utilizing multiple publicly available genome-wide association. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We applied a novel microbiota-related gene set enrichment analysis approach to detect the associations between gut microbiota and complex diseases by processing genome-wide association studies (GWASs) data sets of six autoimmune diseases (including celiac disease (CeD), inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), multiple sclerosis (MS), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), type 1 diabetes (T1D) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC)) and osteoporosis (OP). RESULTS: The family Oxalobacteraceae and genus Candidatus_Soleaferrea were found to be correlated with all of the six autoimmune diseases (FDR adjusted P < 0.05). Moreover, we observed that the six autoimmune diseases except PBC shared 3 overlapping features (including family Peptostreptococcaceae, order Gastranaerophilales and genus Romboutsia). For all of the six autoimmune diseases and BMDs (LS-BMD and TB-BMD), an association signal was observed for genus Candidatus_Soleaferrea (FDR adjusted P < 0.05). Notably, FA / FN-BMD shared the maximum number of overlapping microbial features (e.g., genus Ruminococcaceae_UCG009, Erysipelatoclostridium and Ruminococcaceae_UCG013). CONCLUSION: Our study found that part of the gut microbiota could be novel regulators of BMDs and autoimmune diseases via the effects of its metabolites and may lead to a better understanding of the role played by gut microbiota in the communication of the microbiota-skeletal/immune-gut axis.

15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(38): 20915-20920, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278674

RESUMO

The unique applications of porous metal-organic framework (MOF) liquids with permanent porosity and fluidity have attracted significant attention. However, fabrication of porous MOF liquids remains challenging because of the easy intermolecular self-filling of the cavity or the rapid settlement of porous hosts in hindered solvents that cannot enter their pores. Herein, we report a facile strategy for the fabrication of a MOF liquid (Im-UiO-PL) by surface ionization of an imidazolium-functionalized framework with a sterically hindered poly(ethylene glycol) sulfonate (PEGS) canopy. The Im-UiO-PL obtained in this way has a CO2 adsorption approximately 14 times larger than that of pure PEGS. Distinct from a porous MOF solid counterpart, the stored CO2 in Im-UiO-PL can be slowly released and efficiently utilized to synthesize cyclic carbonates in the atmosphere. This is the first example of the use of a porous MOF liquid as a CO2 storage material for catalysis. It offers a new method for the fabrication of unique porous liquid MOFs with functional behaviors in various fields of gas adsorption and catalysis.

16.
Hum Mol Genet ; 30(21): 1932-1940, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34132789

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased localized and generalized bone loss, but the complex genetic mechanism between them is still unknown. By leveraging large-scale genome-wide association studies summary statistics and individual-level datasets (i.e. UK Biobank), a series of genetic approaches were conducted. Linkage disequilibrium score regression reveals a shared genetic correlation between RA and estimated bone mineral density (eBMD) (rg = -0.059, P = 0.005). The PLACO analysis has identified 74 lead (8 novel) pleiotropic loci that could be mapped to 99 genes, the genetic functions of which reveal the possible mechanism underlying RA and osteoporosis. In European, genetic risk score (GRS) and comprehensive Mendelian randomization (MR) were utilized to evaluate the causal association between RA and osteoporosis in European and Asian. The increase in GRS of RA could lead to a decrease of eBMD (beta = -0.008, P = 3.77E-6) and a higher risk of facture [odds ratio (OR) = 1.012, P = 0.044]. MR analysis identified that genetically determined RA was causally associated with eBMD (beta = -0.021, P = 4.14E-05) and fracture risk (OR = 1.036, P = 0.004). Similar results were also observed in Asian that osteoporosis risk could be causally increased by RA (OR = 1.130, P = 1.04E-03) as well as antibodies against citrullinated proteins-positive RA (OR = 1.083, P = 0.015). Overall, our study reveals complex genetic mechanism between RA and osteoporosis and provides strong evidence for crucial role of RA in pathogenesis of osteoporosis.

17.
Chemosphere ; 280: 130963, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162116

RESUMO

Urea ((NH2)2CO) is widely applied to the reduction of NOX in modern full-scale solid waste incineration systems, but there is a lack of knowledge about how urea affects the formation and emission of Cl-aromatics. In this study, we investigated the formation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and polychlorinated polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) via electrophilic chlorination and precursor pathway mediated by model fly ashes containing Cu and Fe species with or without urea addition. The results indicated that the addition of urea promoted the direct chlorination of parent aromatics over Cu (Ⅱ) chlorides and the coupling reaction of chlorophenols over Fe species, while suppressed the catalytic chlorination of parent aromatics over Fe (Ⅲ) chlorides and the coupling reaction of chlorophenols over Cu species. The diverse effects should be mainly attributed to the formation of complex salts containing NH3 and NH4+. The formation of complex salts of Fe chlorides and NH4Cl could hinder the oxidization of Fe chlorides, and thus maintain the high activity of Fe species for catalyzing the coupling reaction of chlorophenols. The formation of complex salts of Cu (Ⅱ) chloride and NH3 could prevent the chemical sorption of phenoxyl groups, and thus suppress the coupling reaction of chlorophenols. NH3 released from the thermal decomposition of urea could not only react with Cl2 to suppress the catalytic chlorination of aromatics, but also neutralize HCl to accelerate the direct chlorination of aromatics. In general, urea should act as inhibitor for suppressing the formation of Cl-aromatics in solid waste incineration systems.


Assuntos
Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas , Cobre , Dibenzofuranos , Dibenzofuranos Policlorados , Incineração , Ferro , Ureia
18.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(31): 17108-17114, 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34033203

RESUMO

The electrocatalytic conversion of CO2 into value-added chemicals is a promising approach to realize a carbon-energy balance. However, low current density still limits the application of the CO2 electroreduction reaction (CO2 RR). Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are one class of promising alternatives for the CO2 RR due to their periodically arranged isolated metal active sites. However, the poor conductivity of traditional MOFs usually results in a low current density in CO2 RR. We have prepared conductive two-dimensional (2D) phthalocyanine-based MOF (NiPc-NiO4 ) nanosheets linked by nickel-catecholate, which can be employed as highly efficient electrocatalysts for the CO2 RR to CO. The obtained NiPc-NiO4 has a good conductivity and exhibited a very high selectivity of 98.4 % toward CO production and a large CO partial current density of 34.5 mA cm-2 , outperforming the reported MOF catalysts. This work highlights the potential of conductive crystalline frameworks in electrocatalysis.

19.
Int J Oncol ; 59(1)2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34036380

RESUMO

Mounting evidence has demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) play significant roles in various types of human tumors, including retinoblastoma (RB). However, the biological role and regulatory mechanisms of miRNAs in RB remain to be fully elucidated. The present study was designed to identify the regulatory effects of miRNAs in RB and the underlying mechanisms. Differentially expressed miRNAs in RB tissue were screened out based on the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset, GSE7072, which revealed that miR­153 in particular, displayed the highest fold change in expression. It was identified that miR­153 was significantly downregulated in RB tissues, and its downregulation was closely associated with a larger tumor base and differentiation. Functional analysis revealed that the overexpression of miR­153 inhibited RB cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and promoted the apoptosis of WERI­RB­1 and Y79 cells. In addition, insulin­like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) was identified as a target of miR­153 in RB cells. More importantly, it was demonstrated that miR­153 upregulation inhibited the expression of its target gene, IGF1R, which inhibited the activation of the Raf/MEK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways. Collectively, the present study demonstrates for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, that miR­153 functions as a tumor suppressor in RB by targeting the IGF1R/Raf/MEK and IGF1R/PI3K/AKT signaling pathways. Collectively, the findings presented herein demonstrate that miR­153 targets IGF1R and blocks the activation of the Raf/MEK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, thus preventing the progression of RB. Thus, this miRNA may serve as a novel prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for RB.

20.
Front Psychol ; 12: 646368, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33959075

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically changed the patterns of lifestyle and posed psychological stress on pregnant women. However, the association of sleep duration and screen time with anxiety among pregnant women under the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic scenario has been poorly addressed. We conducted one large-scale, multicenter cross-sectional study which recruited 1794 pregnant women across middle and west China. Self-reported demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and mental health status were collected from 6th February to 8th May 2020. We investigated the association of sleep duration and screen time with the risk of anxiety by multivariable logistic regression analysis and linear regression analysis after adjusting potential confounders. The dose-response relationship of sleep duration and screen time with anxiety was visualized using a cubic spline plot. Our data revealed that almost 35% of pregnant women suffered from anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic. Sleep duration was dose-dependently associated with a lower risk of anxiety among pregnant women (OR = 0.41, 95% CI: 0.27-0.63), while screen time exhibited a conversed effect (OR = 2.01, 95% CI:1.00-4.39). Notably, sleep duration (≥8 h/day) synergistically combined with screen time (3-7 h/day) to diminish the risk of anxiety (OR = 0.70, 95% CI: 0.50-0.99). Taken together, sleep duration and screen time were independently and jointly associated with anxiety (P < 0.05). Therefore, promoting a more active lifestyle and maintaining higher sleep quality could improve the mental health of pregnant women, especially under public health emergency.

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