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1.
Psychiatry Res ; 313: 114616, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35576626

RESUMO

Although many studies have been conducted on the relationship between cognitive functioning, psychopathological symptoms, and global functioning in patients with schizophrenia, these studies frequently suffer from a lack of control for confounding variables, high attrition rates, and a lack of cognitive domains completed at each assessment point. The purpose of this study is to select patients with untreated first-episode schizophrenia to investigate the relationship between psychopathological symptoms, cognitive functioning, and global functioning. A total of 117 untreated first-episode schizophrenia patients were evaluated using the global assessment functions (GAF), the Positive And Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB), and some social and role functional parameters. The GAF, PANSS, and MCCB scores of 117 patients were significantly lower than normal. Multiple stepwise linear regression analysis revealed that the negative symptom factor, positive symptom factor, excitation-hostility factor, and attention/vigilance were all independent factors influencing global functioning. Our findings show that the negative symptom factor, the positive symptom factor, the excitement hostility factor, and attention/vigilante are all independent risk factors for GAF in first-episode schizophrenia. The negative symptom factor had the most noticeable effect among these influencing factors, followed by the positive symptom factor, the excitement hostility factor, and attention/vigilance in that order.

2.
Transpl Immunol ; 72: 101595, 2022 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35385778

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy of blastocyst culture supernatant transfer in hormone replacement freeze-thaw embryo transfer (FET) cycles. METHODS: The present study was a prospective double-blind randomized controlled study. Patients who met the inclusion criteria for the first hormone replacement freeze-thaw single blastocyst transfer proposed from September 2017 to December 2020 were randomly grouped at the endometrial transformation day of the secretory phase (P + 0). Patients in Group A (the experimental group) received the blastocyst culture supernatant at P + 2 and a single blastocyst at P + 5. Patients in Group B (the control group) received the embryo culture at P + 2 and a single blastocyst at P + 5. The clinical outcomes were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: A total of 288 cycles were included in the present study, with 144 cycles in each group. The clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate were higher in group A than in group B (54.9% vs 45.8%, and 50% vs 39.6%, respectively), and the differences were more pronounced in patients with the age of ≥35 years (51.7% vs 37.5%, and 44.8% vs 32.1%, respectively), but the differences were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Blastocyst culture supernatant transfer in hormone replacement FET cycles could improve the pregnancy outcomes.

3.
J Control Release ; 345: 786-797, 2022 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367277

RESUMO

It is well known that glioma is currently the most malignant brain tumor. Because of the existence of blood-brain barrier (BBB) and tumor cell heterogeneity, systemic chemotherapy exerts unsatisfied therapeutic effect for the treatment of glioma after surgical resection and may even damage the body's immune system. Here, we developed an in situ sustained-release hydrogel delivery system for combined chemo-immunotherapy of glioma by combined chemotherapy drug and immunoadjuvant through the resection cavity local delivery. Briefly, glioma homing peptide modified paclitaxel targeting nanoparticles (PNPPTX) and mannitolated immunoadjuvant CpG targeting nanoparticles (MNPCpG) were embedded into PLGA1750-PEG1500-PLGA1750 thermosensitive hydrogel framework (PNPPTX&MNPCpG@Gel). The in vitro and in vivo results showed that the targeting nanoparticles-hydrogel hybrid system could cross-link into a gel drug reservoir when injected into the resection cavity of glioma. And then, the sustained-release PNPPTX could target the residual infiltration glioma cells and produce tumor antigens. Meanwhile, MNPCpG targeted and activated the antigen-presenting cells, which enhanced the tumor antigen presentation ability and activated CD8+T and NK cells to reverse immunosuppression of glioma microenvironment. This study indicated that the PNPPTX&MNPCpG@Gel system could enhance the therapeutic effect of glioma by chemo-immunotherapy.

4.
Bioengineered ; 13(3): 7771-7784, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35286235

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a common type of malignancy originating from the epithelium of the pancreatic duct, with the most lethal feature and worst prognosis. LEM domain containing 1 (LEMD1) is overexpressed in multiple tumor tissues and plays a key role in cancer carcinogenesis and progression. However, little is known about the potential of LEMD1 in PC. In this study, we explored the clinical values, as well as the potential roles and mechanisms of LEMD1 in PC. We, for the first time, showed that LEMD1 was upregulated in PC and negatively correlated with the overall and disease-free survival of patients with PC. Of the function, LEMD1 knockdown inhibited cancer cell growth, migration and invasion, while LEMD1 overexpression promoted tumor aggressiveness. The tumor-promoting influences of LEMD1 in PC were also proved by in vivo assays. Mechanistically, GSEA identified that LEMD1 promoted PC aggressiveness, as well as affecting cell cycle dysregulation and apoptosis resistance, by p53 suppression and the activation of the mTORC1 signal pathway. In short, LEMD1 could serve as a valuable prognostic candidate and a potential therapeutic target of PC.Abbreviations: ATCC: American Type Culture Collection; CCK-8: Cell counting kit 8; CDK: Cyclin-dependent kinases; CTA: Cancer-testis antigen; DMEM: Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium; ECL: enhanced chemiluminescence; FBS: Fetal bovine serum; GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus; LEMD1: LEM domain containing 1; mTOR: mammalian target of rapamycin; NC: Negative control; PC: Pancreatic cancer; PVDF: Polyvinylidene difluoride membranes; qRT-PCR: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction; SDS-PAGE: Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; SD: Standard deviation; SKP2: S-Phase kinase-associated protein 2; TAA: Tumor-associated antigen; TBST: Tris-buffered Saline Tween-20; TCGA: The Cancer Genome Atlas.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Carcinogênese , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35294362

RESUMO

Due to the complexity of the ocean environment, an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) is disturbed by obstacles when performing tasks. Therefore, the research on underwater obstacle detection and avoidance is particularly important. Based on the images collected by a forward-looking sonar on an AUV, this article proposes an obstacle detection and avoidance algorithm. First, a deep learning-based obstacle candidate area detection algorithm is developed. This algorithm uses the You Only Look Once (YOLO) v3 network to determine obstacle candidate areas in a sonar image. Then, in the determined obstacle candidate areas, the obstacle detection algorithm based on the improved threshold segmentation algorithm is used to detect obstacles accurately. Finally, using the obstacle detection results obtained from the sonar images, an obstacle avoidance algorithm based on deep reinforcement learning (DRL) is developed to plan a reasonable obstacle avoidance path of an AUV. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithms improve obstacle detection accuracy and processing speed of sonar images. At the same time, the proposed algorithms ensure AUV navigation safety in a complex obstacle environment.

6.
Neurosci Lett ; 776: 136563, 2022 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35240245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: γδ T cells were reported to play a key role in ischemic stroke. The integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) directly affects the prognosis of ischemic stroke. This study aimed to determine whether γδ T cells aggravate BBB injury and determine the outcome of ischemic stroke. METHODS: Oxygen-glucosedeprivation (OGD) and middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) were used as ischemic stroke models in vitro and in vivo. Flow cytometry was used to evaluate the intracranial infiltration of γδ T cells. RT-qPCR was used to evaluatethe mRNA levels of cytokines and γδ T cell markers. ELISA was used to test the levels of cytokines. Immunofluorescence, TEER and western blotting were used to measure BBB injury. RESULTS: In this study, we found that a large number of γδ T cells infiltrated the ischemic penumbra 24 h after MCAO. Knockout of γδ T cells improved the motor function injury induced by MCAO and significantly reduced the volume of cerebral infarction and blood-brain barrier injury. IL-17A neutralization could rescue the BBB injury induced by γδ T cells both in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Peripheral γδ T cells immediately infiltrated into the lesion site after ischemic stroke and aggravated BBB injury by releasing IL-17A, which might be a potential therapeutic target for ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Interleucina-17 , Linfócitos Intraepiteliais , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Animais , Barreira Hematoencefálica/patologia , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Camundongos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia
7.
Sustain Cities Soc ; 80: 103753, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35136716

RESUMO

Indoor transmission of COVID-19 is highly probable. Multiple sources have verified that the SARS-CoV-2 can be detected within toilets, and people can be infected in restrooms. There is a huge gap in the coronavirus transmission mechanism in restrooms. Understanding it can help to flatten the curve of the infected cases as well as prevent other viruses transmitted through the sewage or human body fluid. Previous studies have shown how simple actions in daily life (coughing, sneezing, or toilet flushing) contribute to virus transmission. This paper visually and quantitatively demonstrates that male urination, which is also a daily action, can agitate virus particles within the toilet and raise them, which may be the main promoter of cross-infection of COVID-19 in restrooms. Adopting numerical and experimental methods, we demonstrate that male urination can cause strong turbulent flow with an averaged urine impinging velocity of 2.3 m/s, which can act as an agitator to raise the virus particles. The climbing velocity of the airflow can be 0.75-1.05 m/s. The observed upwards flow will disturb and spread any lurking virus particles (not limited to SARS-CoV-2). Experiments demonstrated that the concentration of the airborne particle could be tripled during male urination. Corresponding precautions are offered as well to prepare the public to act properly when and after using facilities in restrooms for preventing emerging and re-emerging pandemics not limited to the current COVID-19, contributing to the sustainability of human society.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(50): 59683-59694, 2021 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34902970

RESUMO

Tumor-associated neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) play a critical role in promoting tumor growth and assisting tumor metastasis. Herein, a smart nanocarrier (designated as mP-NPs-DNase/PTX) based on regulating tumor-associated NETs has been developed, which consists of a paclitaxel (PTX) prodrug nanoparticle core and a poly-l-lysine (PLL) conjugated with the matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9)-cleavable Tat-peptide-coupled deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) shell. After accumulating at the site of the tumor tissue, the nanocarrier can release DNase I in response to MMP-9 to degrade the structure of NETs. Then, the remaining moiety can uptake the tumor cells via the mediation of exposed cell penetrating peptide, and the PTX prodrug nanoparticles will lyse in response to the high intracellular concentration of reduced glutathione to release PTX to exert a cytotoxic effect of tumor cells. Through in vitro and in vivo evaluations, it has been proven that mP-NPs-DNase/PTX could serve as potential NET-regulated nanocarrier for enhanced inhibition of malignant tumor growth and distant metastasis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/metabolismo , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Armadilhas Extracelulares/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Camundongos Nus , Nanopartículas/química , Neutrófilos/química , Paclitaxel/química , Paclitaxel/metabolismo , Pró-Fármacos/química , Pró-Fármacos/metabolismo
9.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(12): 1005-10, 2021 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34970876

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on motor function, serum Cystatin C (Cys C) content, and expressions of tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) in renal tissue of rats with acute cerebral infarction (ACI), so as to explore its underlying mechanisms in protecting renal tissue after ACI. METHODS: Seventy-two male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham operation, model and EA groups which were further randomly allocated to 1 d, 3 d, 7 d and 14 d subgroups (n=6 per subgroup). The ACI model was established by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAO). Rats of the EA group received EA of "Neiguan" (PC6) and "Zusanli" (ST36) for 30 min, once daily for 1, 3, 7 and 14 days, respectively. The motor function and content of Cys C were determined on the 1st, 3rd, 7th and 14th day after ACI. The expressions of TNF-α and NF-κB were detected by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Compared with the sham operation group, the motor function scores and the content of Cys C increased significantly on the 1st, 3rd, 7th and 14th d (P<0.01), while the numbers of TNF-α and NF-κB positive cells of the model group increased significantly on the 3rd, 7th and 14th d (P<0.01). After EA treatment, the motor function scores and the content of Cys C on the 7th, and 14th d, and the numbers of TNF-α and NF-κB positive cells on the 3rd, 7th and 14th d obviously decreased (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: EA at PC6 and ST36 can improve motor function and alleviate renal injury in ACI rats, possibly by regulating the expression of TNF-α, NF-κB in renal tissue and Cys C in serum.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Animais , Infarto Cerebral/genética , Infarto Cerebral/terapia , Masculino , NF-kappa B/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
10.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 2961079, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34824669

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is a severe and acute neurological disorder with limited therapeutic strategies currently available. Oxidative stress is one of the critical pathological factors in ischemia/reperfusion injury, and high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) may drive neuronal apoptosis. Rescuing neurons in the penumbra is a potential way to recover from ischemic stroke. Endogenous levels of the potent ROS quencher glutathione (GSH) decrease significantly after cerebral ischemia. Here, we aimed to investigate the neuroprotective effects of γ-glutamylcysteine (γ-GC), an immediate precursor of GSH, on neuronal apoptosis and brain injury during ischemic stroke. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) were used to mimic cerebral ischemia in mice, neuronal cell lines, and primary neurons. Our data indicated that exogenous γ-GC treatment mitigated oxidative stress, as indicated by upregulated GSH and decreased ROS levels. In addition, γ-GC attenuated ischemia/reperfusion-induced neuronal apoptosis and brain injury in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, transcriptomics approaches and subsequent validation studies revealed that γ-GC attenuated penumbra neuronal apoptosis by inhibiting the activation of protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) and inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α) in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling pathway in OGD/R-treated cells and ischemic brain tissues. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to report that γ-GC attenuates ischemia-induced neuronal apoptosis by suppressing ROS-mediated ER stress. γ-GC may be a promising therapeutic agent for ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Dipeptídeos/farmacologia , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , AVC Isquêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Apoptose , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/complicações , AVC Isquêmico/etiologia , AVC Isquêmico/metabolismo , AVC Isquêmico/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neurônios/metabolismo , Neurônios/patologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/etiologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Transdução de Sinais
11.
Food Funct ; 12(23): 12047-12058, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761771

RESUMO

The composition of fatty acids plays a key role in regulating milk flavor and quality. Therefore, to improve the quality of milk, it is particularly important to study the regulatory mechanism of fatty acid metabolism in dairy cows. In this study, the expression profiles at non-lactation, peak-lactation, mid-lactation and late-lactation were constructed by high-throughput sequencing. Considering non-lactation as the control group and the other points as the experimental groups, the differentially expressed genes were screened. ELOVL5 was significantly upregulated and was selected for subsequent analyses. Bioinformatics prediction, a dual-luciferase assay, qPCR analysis and western blot analysis were used for verification. The results showed that ELOVL5 was a downstream target gene of miR-218 that regulated milk fat metabolism. A dual-luciferase assay and expression level analysis showed that circ01592 can directly bind to miR-218 and that overexpression of circ01592 (pcDNA-circ01592) significantly reduced the expression of miR-218 and enhanced the expression of ELOVL5, the target gene of miR-218 in BMECs. A functional study of BMECs showed that circ01592 promoted the synthesis of TAG and increased the content of UFA. The function of miR-218 was opposite to that of circ01592. Overall, the data showed that circ01592 promoted TAG synthesis and fatty acid composition by binding miR-218, alleviating the inhibitory effect of miR-218 on ELOVL5 expression. These mechanisms provide a new research approach and theoretical basis for improving milk quality.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/metabolismo , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/citologia , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Circular/genética , Animais , Bovinos , Células Cultivadas , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Elongases de Ácidos Graxos/genética , Elongases de Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/genética , Feminino , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Transcriptoma/genética
12.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt A): 108325, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740080

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is a devastating disease with high morbidity and mortality rates, and the proinflammatory microglia-mediated inflammatory response directly affects stroke outcome. Previous studies have reported that JLX001, a novel compound with a structure similar to that of cyclovirobuxine D (CVB-D), exerts antiapoptotic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects on ischemia-induced brain injury. However, the role of JLX001 in microglial polarization and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome regulation after ischemic stroke has not been fully investigated. In this study, we used the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) method to establish a focal cerebral ischemia model and found that JLX001 attenuated the brain infarct size and improved cerebral damage. Moreover, the expression levels of proinflammatory cytokines (interleukin [IL]-1ß and tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α) were significantly reduced while those of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 were increased in the JLX001-treated group. Immunofluorescence staining and flow cytometry revealed an increased number of anti-inflammatory phenotypic microglia and a reduced number of proinflammatory phenotypic microglia in JLX001-treated MCAO mice. Western blotting analysis showed that JLX001 inhibited the expression of NLRP3 and proteins related to the NLRP3 inflammasome axis in vivo. Furthermore, JLX001 reduced the number of NLRP3/Iba1 cells in ischemic penumbra tissues. Finally, mechanistic analysis revealed that JLX001 significantly inhibited the expression of proteins related to the NF-κB signaling pathway. Additionally, pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), an NF-κB inhibitor, ameliorated cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by suppressing microglial polarization towards the proinflammatory phenotype and NLRP3 activation in vivo, further suggesting that these protective effects of JLX001 were mediated by inhibition of the NF-κB signaling pathway. These results suggest that JLX001 is a promising therapeutic approach for ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Western Blotting , Isquemia Encefálica/imunologia , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Polaridade Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citometria de Fluxo , Imunofluorescência , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Triterpenos/farmacologia
13.
Ultrasound Q ; 38(1): 43-48, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34845178

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Preterm infants are at risk of neurological impairments and long-term developmental delay. Head ultrasound (HUS) is a promising tool for early detection of preterm brain injury and prediction of neurodevelopmental outcomes. We performed a retrospective analysis of data of 42 preterm infants with neurodevelopmental follow-up at 12 to 24 months corrected age. Corpus callosum length (CC length) and corpus callosum-fastigium length (CCF length) were measured on the HUS scans. Motor function and communication skills were assessed using evaluation scales. Corpus callosum length and CCF length were correlated with neurodevelopmental outcomes using Spearman correlation analysis. Neither CC length nor CCF length correlated with motor developmental outcomes. On early HUS, the CCF length was negatively correlated with symbolic composite percentile ranks (Spearman ρ = -0.49, P = 0.033) and total percentile ranks (Spearman ρ = -0.545, P = 0.016). On follow-up HUS scans, the CCF length was also found to be negatively correlated with social composite raw scores and percentile ranks (Spearman ρ = -0.615, P = 0.005; and Spearman ρ = -0.64, P = 0.003, respectively), symbolic composite raw scores and percentile ranks (Spearman ρ = -0.609, P = 0.006; and Spearman ρ = -0.657, P = 0.002, respectively) and total raw scores and percentile ranks (Spearman ρ = -0.472, P = 0.041; and Spearman ρ = -0.504, P = 0.028, respectively). Corpus callosum-fastigium length measurement on serial HUS is useful in predicting cognitive and behavioral outcomes at corrected age 12 to 24 months.


Assuntos
Corpo Caloso , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Pré-Escolar , Corpo Caloso/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia
14.
J Nurs Manag ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435707

RESUMO

AIMS: We explored the mediating role of psychological resilience in the experience and support of psychiatric nurses as the second victims and their career success. BACKGROUND: Psychiatric nurses, as the primary victims of workplace violence, experience physical and psychological distress, which leads to high resignation rate and job burnout. However, not much is known about the mediating role of psychological resilience between the second victims of workplace violence and their career success. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 683 psychiatric nurses. The participants were scored according to the Chinese career success scale, Chinese version of the psychological resilience scale for nurses and Chinese version of the second victim experience and support tool. The t-test and one-way analysis of variance were used to compare the factors affecting career success. RESULTS: Career success scores differed among nurses of different ages having different employment forms, role and working years (p < .05). Mediating effect analysis revealed that psychological resilience played a full mediating role in the experience and support of second victims and their career success. CONCLUSION: Psychological resilience-based interventions should be developed to improve the psychological adjustment ability of psychiatric nurses and to strengthen their career success. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Nursing managers should create more opportunities and a harmonious working environment and enhance the management system for dealing with workplace violence.

15.
Langmuir ; 37(28): 8486-8497, 2021 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236199

RESUMO

Recently, a burgeoning category of biocompatible botanically derived nanomaterial cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) has captured tremendous attention on account of its entangled nanostructured network, natural abundance, and outstanding mechanical properties. Biomimetically inspired by the superior properties of CNFs, this paper examined them as the coating material to cover cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX), cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine (HMX), and hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane (CL-20) via a facile water suspension method and the ultrasonic technology. The core-shell structure and the composition of energetic crystal@CNF were examined through scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses. The obtained outcomes demonstrated that the dispersibility of the CNF enhanced favorably upon covering the surface of explosive crystals; the interfacial contact ability between CNFs and energetic crystals was also manifested to be increased, which could be ascribed to the interfacial interaction of hydrogen bonds and the electrostatic force of self-assembly. In addition, the stable crystalloid construction of ß-HMX and ε-CL-20 has been preserved positively in the preparation process. In comparison with raw explosives, the thermal stability and sensitivity performances of the core-shell structure composites were outstanding. Accordingly, this work demonstrated the rewarding application of coating CNFs uniformly on the surface of energetic crystals, ulteriorly offering a potential fabrication strategy for the embellishment of high-explosive crystals.


Assuntos
Substâncias Explosivas , Nanofibras , Compostos de Anilina , Celulose , Nitrobenzenos
16.
Chin J Traumatol ; 24(5): 280-285, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34272118

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe and assess the repair technique and perioperative management for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak resulting from extensive anterior skull base fracture via extradural anterior skull base approach. METHODS: This was a retrospective review conducted at the Department of Neurosurgery of the Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital from January 2015 to April 2020. Patients with traumatic CSF rhinorrhea resulting from extensive anterior skull base fracture treated surgically via extended extradural anterior skull base approach were included in this study. The data of medical and radiological records, surgical approaches, repair techniques, peritoperative management, surgical outcome and postoperative follow-up were analyzed. Surgical repair techniques were tailored to the condition of associated injuries of the scalp, bony and dura injuries and associated intracranial lesions. Patients were followed up for the outcome of CSF leak and surgical complications. Data were presented as frequency and percent. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients were included in this series. The patients' mean age was 33 years (range 11-71 years). Eight patients were treated surgically within 2 weeks; while the other 27 patients, with prolonged or recurrent CSF rhinorrhea, received the repair surgery at 17 days to 10 years after the initial trauma. The mean overall length of follow-up was 23 months (range 3-65 months). All the patients suffered from frontobasal multiple fractures. The basic repair tenet was to achieve watertight seal of the dura. The frontal pericranial flap alone was used in 20 patients, combined with temporalis muscle and/or its facia in 10 patients. Free fascia lata graft was used instead in the rest 5 patients. No CSF leak was found in all the patients at discharge. There was no surgical mortality in this series. Bilateral anosmia was the most common complication. At follow-up, no recurrent CSF leak or meningitis occurred. No patients developed mucoceles, epidural abscess or osteomyelitis. One patient ultimately required ventriculoperitoneal shunt because of progressive hydrocephalus. CONCLUSION: Traumatic CSF rhinorrhea associated with extensive anterior skull base fractures often requires aggressive treatment via extended intracranial extradural approach. Vascularized tissue flaps are ideal grafts for cranial base reconstruction, either alone or in combination with temporalis muscle and its fascia---fascia lata sometimes can be opted as free autologous graft. The approach is usually reserved for patients with traumatic CSF rhinorrhea in complex frontobasal injuries.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Rinorreia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/cirurgia , Criança , China , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(29): 35207-35213, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279082

RESUMO

A blue-light-emitting liquid crystalline (LC) material was designed and prepared. By employing a twisted luminescent core (i.e., tetraphenylethene), four peripheral LC units with long alkyl chains and the small polar benzyl-ether-typed linking groups, the resulting material displayed a hexagonal columnar phase near room temperature and a disc-like nematic phase between 32 and 70 °C. The columnar LC showed a high quantum yield of 0.49 at 20 °C, and the efficient luminescence property was retained even in the isotropic phase at high temperature. Additionally, the fluidity of the nematic phase rendered the LC a non-volatile solvent, and the proper addition of a red dye led to the achievement of polarized white-light emission, which revealed a promising application prospect in LC display fabrication.

18.
J Oleo Sci ; 70(6): 827-835, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078759

RESUMO

In the current study, via utilizing H5L (H5L = 2,4-di(3',5'-dicarboxylphenyl)benzoic acid), the symmetrical rigid polycarboxylic acid ligand with V-shape geometry, two new coordination polymers containing Cu(II) and Co(II) have been produced, and their chemical formulae respectively are {[Co5(L)2(H2O)12]·6H2O} n (1) and {[H2N(Me)2][Cu2(L)(H2O)]·DMF·H2O} n (2), leading to a variety kinds of coordination patterns of H5L and multifunctional skeletons. Their inhibitory activity on the insulin resistance of colon cancer patients was assessed. In addition, the detailed mechanism of the compound was also investigated. Firstly, the detection of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was carried out and the Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α) level and the Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) level was detected. Then, the glucose concentration was determined with blood glucose meter. Next, the insulin receptor expression levels of ß cells were determined with the real time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay. Ultimately, the cytotoxicity of compounds 1 and 2 was determined with Cell Counting Kit-8 assay.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Polímeros/farmacologia , Glicemia/metabolismo , Cobalto/química , Cobalto/toxicidade , Neoplasias do Colo/sangue , Neoplasias do Colo/fisiopatologia , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Complexos de Coordenação/toxicidade , Cobre/química , Cobre/toxicidade , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Hipoglicemiantes/toxicidade , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/toxicidade , Receptor de Insulina/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
19.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 27(10): 1224-1237, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34156153

RESUMO

AIMS: Ischemic stroke is a life-threatening disease with limited therapeutic strategies. Blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption is a critical pathological process that contributes to poor outcomes in ischemic stroke. We previously showed that the microglial inhibition of the inflammasome sensor absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) suppressed the inflammatory response and protected against ischemic stroke. However, whether AIM2 is involved in BBB disruption during cerebral ischemia is unknown. METHODS: Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) were used to mimic cerebral ischemia in mice and brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs), respectively. The infarct volume, neurological deficits, and BBB permeability were measured in mice after MCAO. Transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER) and neutrophil adhesion to the HBMEC monolayer were assessed after OGD/R treatment. Western blot and immunofluorescence analyses were conducted to evaluate the expression of related proteins. RESULTS: AIM2 was shown to be expressed in brain endothelial cells and upregulated after ischemic stroke in the mouse brain. AIM2 deletion reduced the infarct volume, improved neurological and motor functions, and decreased BBB disruption. In vitro, OGD/R significantly increased the protein levels of AIM2 and ICAM-1 and decreased those of the tight junction (TJ) proteins ZO-1 and occludin. AIM2 knockdown effectively protected BBB integrity by promoting the expression of TJ proteins and decreasing ICAM-1 expression and neutrophil adhesion. Mechanistically, AIM2 knockdown reversed the OGD/R-induced increases in ICAM-1 expression and STAT3 phosphorylation in brain endothelial cells. Furthermore, treatment with the p-STAT3 inhibitor AG490 mitigated the effect of AIM2 on BBB breakdown. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that inhibiting AIM2 preserved the BBB integrity after ischemic stroke, at least partially by modulating STAT3 activation and that AIM2 may be a promising therapeutic target for cerebral ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Barreira Hematoencefálica/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , AVC Isquêmico/genética , AVC Isquêmico/patologia , Animais , Impedância Elétrica , Células Endoteliais , Glucose/deficiência , Hipóxia/patologia , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/etiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/fisiopatologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
20.
J Korean Neurosurg Soc ; 64(3): 418-426, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33993690

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A role of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the diagnosis of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is not wellunderstood. This study evaluates the effectiveness of DWI in the diagnosis of CVT. METHODS: Literature search was conducted in electronic databases for the identification of studies which reported the outcomes of patients subjected to DWI for CVT diagnosis. Random-effects meta-analyses were performed to achieve overall estimates of important diagnostic efficiency indices including hyperintense signal rate, the sensitivity and specificity of DWI in diagnosing CVT, and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of DWI signal areas and surrounding tissue. RESULTS: Nineteen studies (443 patients with 856 CVTs; age 40 years [95% confidence interval (CI), 33 to 43]; 28% males [95% CI, 18 to 38]; symptom onset to DWI time 4.6 days [95% CI, 2.3 to 6.9]) were included. Hyperintense signals on DWI were detected in 40% (95% CI, 26 to 55) of the cases. The sensitivity of DWI for detecting CVT was 22% (95% CI, 11 to 34) but specificity was 98% (95% CI, 95 to 100). ADC values were quite heterogenous in DWI signal areas. However, generally the ADC values were lower in DWI signal areas than in surrounding normal areas (mean difference-0.33×10-3 mm2/s [95% CI, -0.44 to -0.23]; p<0.00001). CONCLUSION: DWI has a low sensitivity in detecting CVT and thus has a high risk of missing many CVT cases. However, because of its high specificity, it may have supporting and exploratory roles in CVT diagnosis.

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