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1.
Hepatol Int ; 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A consensus of experts suggests that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) does not appropriately reflect current knowledge and metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is supposed to be a more suitable overarching concept. However, the association of MAFLD with cardiovascular outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease has not been examined yet. Thus, this study aimed to assess the impact of MAFLD on major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in patients with chronic coronary syndrome (CCS). METHODS: This study included 3306 patients with CCS who were diagnosed with MAFLD. Controls without MAFLD were matched (1:1) to cases by age and gender. All participants were followed up for the occurrence of MACEs. Finally, the association between MAFLD and the risk of MACEs was assessed. RESULTS: During an average of 55.09 ± 19.92 months follow-up, 376 and 248 MACEs were observed in MAFLD and control groups, respectively. When compared with controls, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that patients with MAFLD had significantly lower event-free survival rate and multivariate Cox regression analysis further revealed that MAFLD group had significantly increased MACEs risk (both p < 0.05). Stratification analysis suggested that patients with MAFLD overlapped with NAFLD or MAFLD-only had 1.33-fold and 2.32-fold higher risk of MACEs respectively compared with controls (both p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study firstly showed that MAFLD was significantly associated with the risk of MACEs in patients with CCS. Moreover, this relationship remained unchanged irrespective of whether satisfying the NAFLD criteria, providing novel evidence for the good utility of MAFLD criteria in clinical practice.

2.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478392

RESUMO

Many important engineering applications involve control design for Euler-Lagrange (EL) systems. In this article, the practical prescribed time tracking control problem of EL systems is investigated under partial or full state constraints. A settling time regulator is introduced to construct a novel performance function, with which a new neural adaptive control scheme is developed to achieve pregiven tracking precision within the prescribed time. With the specific system transformation techniques, the problem of state constraints is transformed into the boundedness of new variables. The salient feature of the proposed control methods lies in the fact that not only the settling time and tracking precision are at the user's disposal but also both partial state and full state constraints can be accommodated concurrently without the need for changing the control structure. The effectiveness of this approach is further verified by the simulation results.

3.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495651

RESUMO

The dynamics of complex topological defects in ferroelectric materials is explored using automated experimentation in piezoresponse force microscopy. Specifically, a complex trigger system (i.e., "FerroBot") is employed to study metastable domain-wall dynamics in Pb0.6Sr0.4TiO3 thin films. Several regimes of superdomain wall dynamics have been identified, including smooth domain-wall motion and significant reconfiguration of the domain structures. We have further demonstrated that microscopic mechanisms of the domain-wall dynamics can be identified; i.e., domain-wall bending can be separated from irreversible domain reconfiguration regimes. In conjunction, phase-field modeling was used to corroborate the observed mechanisms. As such, the observed superdomain dynamics can provide a model system for classical ferroelectric dynamics, much like how colloidal crystals provide a model system for atomic and molecular systems.

4.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435421

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the metric properties of the Oral Health Impact Profile for Temporomandibular Disorders (OHIP-TMD) using Factor/Rasch analyses and created a short-form version of the measure. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Aggregated OHIP-TMD data were obtained from a cross-sectional study involving 844 TMD patients with diagnostic criteria for TMDs defined conditions. The dimensionality of the OHIP-TMD was first evaluated with exploratory factor analysis. An eigenvalue >1.0 and oblique oblimin rotation were applied for extracting the factors. Rasch analysis was subsequently performed on the primary dimension using the ConQuest software. RESULTS: Multi-dimensionality of the OHIP-TMD was observed with the primary dimension comprising ten items. Adequate fit to the Rasch model was noted after deleting item 8 with infit/outfit mean-square values ranging from 0.75 to 1.40 logits. Item difficulty ranged from -0.75 to 1.05 logits, while participants' ability to respond varied from -4.55 to 5.19 logits. The respondent spread was slightly skewed and satisfactory item-response targeting was present. CONCLUSIONS: The 22-item OHIP-TMD demonstrated multi-dimensionality with the primary dimension consisting of nine reliable items with adequate fit to the Rasch model. The 9-item short-form version of the OHIP-TMD (SOHIP-TMD) is a promising tool for evaluating OHRQoL.

5.
J Oral Rehabil ; 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Occlusion can be viewed as the most sensitive susceptor of the central nervous system in the oro-facial region. Its inalienable relationships to the temporomandibular joint, the muscles, the stomatognathic system and even the central nervous system are self-evident. Almost all the dental treatments inevitably change the occlusion, potentially or actually, locally or extensively, and immediately or gradually. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to present a narrative literature on occlusal disharmony and chronic oro-facial pain. METHODS: Literature reviews focusing on clinical studies about the relationship between occlusal disharmony and myofascial oro-facial pain, and related preclinical studies about the animal models of, as well as the peripheral and central mechanisms underlying this condition related to, occlusal disharmony were used as starting point and guidelines to describe the topics mentioned. A search of the PubMed database was performed mainly with the following search terms: "occlusion," "occlusal interference," "occlusal disharmony," "occlusal change," "oro-facial pain" and "myofascial pain." RESULTS: Relevant literature from the past 70 years until the present day was meticulously studied. The literature review together with three related characteristic clinical cases revealed an intimate association between occlusal disharmony and chronic oro-facial pain, involving pathological changes, extending from the peripheral tissues to the central nervous system. The patients suffered from psychological distress, sleep disturbance and poor life quality. CONCLUSION: Occlusal disharmony-related oro-facial pain is a clinical problem that deserves attention, although there are no universally accepted clinical protocols. The existing literature provides some constructive suggestions, but further research is needed.

6.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131792, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388875

RESUMO

Manganese (II) ions (Mn(II)) catalyse the oxidative degradation of Calmagite (CAL, 2-hydroxy-1-(2-hydroxy-5methylphenylazo)-4-naphthalenesulfonic acid) at room temperature using added and in situ generated hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), using 1,2-dihydroxybenzene-3,5-disulfonate, disodium salt and monohydrate (Tiron) as the co-catalyst for the in situ generation of H2O2. The percentage of CAL degradation with the in situ generated H2O2 was 91.1 % after 30 min which is lower than that in the added H2O2/Mn(II) system (96.0 %). A one-eighth-lives method was applied to investigate the kinetic parameters in the added H2O2 system, with and without Mn(II), involving phosphate, carbonate, and two biological buffers at different pHs. Percarbonate (HCO4-) was found to be the main reactive species for CAL degradation in the added H2O2 system buffered by carbonate in the absence of Mn(II). Manganese (IV) = O (Mn(IV) = O) and manganese(V) = O (Mn(V) = O) are the main reactive species in the added H2O2/Mn(II) system buffered by carbonate and non-carbonate buffers respectively. pH 8.5 was the optimum pH for CAL degradation when buffered by carbonate, while pH 10.0 is the best pH for the systems not using carbonate buffer. Using a high performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionisation mass spectrometer (HPLC/ESI-MS), the degradation intermediates of CAL were identified as 1-amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfonate ion, 1-amino-2-naphthol-4-sulfinic ion, 1-amino-2-naphthol, and 1-nitroso-2-naphthol.

7.
Anal Chem ; 93(31): 11043-11051, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319082

RESUMO

DNA circuits as one of the dynamic nanostructures can be rationally designed and show amazing geometrical complexity and nanoscale accuracy, which are becoming increasingly attractive for DNA entropy-driven amplifier design. Herein, a novel and elegant exciton-plasmon interaction (EPI)-based photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensor was developed with the assistance of a programmable entropy-driven DNA amplifier and superparamagnetic nanostructures. Low-abundance miRNA-let-7a as a model can efficiently initiate the operation of the entropy-driven DNA amplifier, and the released output DNAs can open the partially hybridized double-stranded DNA anchored on Fe3O4@SiO2 particles. The liberated Au nanoparticles (NPs)-cDNA can completely hybridize with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs)-cDNA-1 and result in proportionally decreased photocurrent of CdSe/ZnS QDs-cDNA-1. This unique entropy-driven amplification strategy is beneficial for reducing the reversibility of each step reaction, enables the base sequence invariant and the reaction efficiency improvement, and exhibits high thermal stability and specificity as well as flexible design. These features grant the PEC biosensor with ultrasensitivity and high selectivity. Also, instead of solid-liquid interface assembly for conventional EPI-based PEC biosensors, herein, DNA hybridization in the solution phase enables the improved hybridization efficiency and sensitivity. In addition, superparamagnetic Fe3O4@SiO2 particles further ensure the enhancement of the selectivity and reliability of the as-designed PEC biosensor. Particularly, this single-step electrode modification procedure evidently improves the electrode fabrication efficiency, reproducibility, and stability.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Compostos de Cádmio , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Pontos Quânticos , DNA , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Ouro , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Dióxido de Silício
8.
Atherosclerosis ; 330: 29-35, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The association of triglyceride-rich lipoprotein-cholesterol (TRL-C) with recurrent cardiovascular events (RCVEs) has not been studied. Moreover, whether inflammation can affect TRL-C-associated cardiovascular risk is unknown. This study sought to examine the association between TRL-C and RCVEs, and whether this relationship is modulated by systemic inflammation in statin-treated patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and nearly normal triglyceride. METHODS: In this study, 6723 CAD patients were consecutively enrolled, following a first CVE with triglyceride <2.3 mmol/L. Baseline lipid profile and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels were determined. All patients were searched for RCVEs. The risk of RCVEs was assessed across quartiles (Q) of baseline TRL-C and further stratified by the median of hsCRP. RESULTS: Over a mean follow-up of 58.91 ± 17.79 months, 538 RCVEs were recorded. After adjustment for potential confounders, Q4 of TRL-C was significantly associated with the risk of RCVEs, which remained unchanged after hsCRP stratification. When subjects were grouped according to both TRL-C and hsCRP levels, patients with Q4 of TRL-C and hsCRP had the highest increase of the risk of RCVEs compared with the reference group (TRL-C Q1-3 and hsCRP Q1-3; HR, 1.90; 95%CI: 1.27-2.87). Furthermore, adding TRL-C to the original predicting model led to a slight but significant improvement. CONCLUSIONS: The present analysis firstly showed that elevated TRL-C was associated with an increased RCVEs risk in statin-treated patients with CAD independent of systemic inflammation, suggesting that it might be a useful marker for risk stratification and a treatment target in this patient population.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , Proteína C-Reativa , Colesterol , LDL-Colesterol , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Lipoproteínas , Triglicerídeos
9.
J Pharmacol Sci ; 147(1): 143-155, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34294366

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic potential of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells derived exosomes (hUCMSC-Exo) in acute liver failure (ALF) in mice as well as its underlying mechanism. We found that a single tail vein administration of hucMSC-Exo effectively enhanced the survival rate, inhibited apoptosis in hepatocytes, and improved liver function in APAP-induced mouse model of ALF. Furthermore, the deletion of glutathione (GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), generation of malondialdehyde (MDA), and the over production of cytochrome P450 E1 (CYP2E1) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) caused by APAP were also inhibited by hucMSC-Exo, indicating that hucMSC-Exo inhibited APAP-induced apoptosis of hepatocytes by reducing oxidative stress. Moreover, hucMSC-Exo significantly down-regulated the levels of inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α in APAP-treated livers. Western blot showed that hucMSC-Exo significantly promoted the activation of ERK1/2 and IGF-1R/PI3K/AKT signaling pathways in APAP-injured LO2 cells, resulting in the inhibition of apoptosis of LO2 cells. Importantly, PI3K inhibitor LY294002 and ERK1/2 inhibitor PD98059 could reverse the function of hucMSC-Exo on APAP-injured LO2 cells in some extent. Our results suggest that hucMSC-Exo offer antioxidant hepatoprotection against APAP in vitro and in vivo by inhibitiing oxidative stress-induced apoptosis via upregulation of ERK1/2 and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34203300

RESUMO

Pain symptoms in temporomandibular disorders (TMD) predominantly affect reproductive women, suggesting that estrogen regulates pain perception. However, how estrogen contributes to chronic TMD pain remains largely unclear. In the present study, we performed behavioral tests, electrophysiology, Western blot and immunofluorescence to investigate the role and underlying mechanisms of estrogen in dental experimental occlusal interference (EOI)-induced chronic masseter mechanical hyperalgesia in rats. We found that long-term 17ß-estradiol (E2) replacement exacerbated EOI-induced masseter hyperalgesia in a dose-dependent manner in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings demonstrated that E2 (100 nM) treatment enhanced the excitability of isolated trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons in OVX and OVX EOI rats, and EOI increased the functional expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1). In addition, E2 replacement upregulated the protein expression of TRPV1 in EOI-treated OVX rats. Importantly, intraganglionic administration of the TRPV1 antagonist AMG-9810 strongly attenuated the facilitatory effect of E2 on EOI-induced masseter mechanical sensitivity. These results demonstrate that E2 exacerbated EOI-induced chronic masseter mechanical hyperalgesia by increasing TG neuronal excitability and TRPV1 function. Our study helps to elucidate the E2 actions in chronic myogenic TMD pain and may provide new therapeutic targets for relieving estrogen-sensitive pain.


Assuntos
Hiperalgesia/tratamento farmacológico , Neurônios Aferentes/efeitos dos fármacos , Canais de Cátion TRPV/metabolismo , Gânglio Trigeminal/metabolismo , Acrilamidas/farmacologia , Animais , Western Blotting , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Estradiol/genética , Estradiol/metabolismo , Feminino , Imunofluorescência , Hiperalgesia/metabolismo , Ovariectomia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Gânglio Trigeminal/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Org Lett ; 23(15): 5885-5890, 2021 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279973

RESUMO

A new tandem annulation of p-quinone methides (p-QMs) with ynamides is described. This cascade reaction features a unique combination of (2 + 2) annulation, retro-4π electrocyclization, and imino-Nazarov cyclization, wherein vinyl p-quinone methides (p-VQMs) as one of the key intermediates have been identified chemically. Significantly, an unusual structural reconstruction of p-QMs involving the cleavage of the C5-C6 bond and the late-stage formation of the C4-C6 bond is involved, leading to a methodology development for the construction of functionalized aminoindenes.

12.
Nanomedicine ; 37: 102434, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214684

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a multifactorial disease triggered and sustained by risk factors such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure and unhealthy lifestyle. Inflammation plays a pivotal role in atherosclerosis pathogenesis. In this study, we developed a simvastatin (STAT) loaded nanoliposomal formulation (LIPOSTAT) which can deliver the drug into atherosclerotic plaque, when administered intravenously. This formulation is easily prepared, stable, and biocompatible with minimal burst release for effective drug delivery. 2D and 3D in vitro models were examined towards anti-inflammatory effects of STAT, both free and in combination with liposomes. LIPOSTAT induced greater cholesterol efflux in the 2D foam cells and significantly reduced inflammation in both 2D and 3D models. LIPOSTAT alleviated inflammation by reducing the secretion of early and late phase pro-inflammatory cytokines, monocyte adherence marker, and lipid accumulation cytokines. Additionally, the 3D foam cell spheroid model is a convenient and practical approach in testing various anti-atherosclerotic drugs without the need for human tissue.

13.
Parasite ; 28: 54, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34180807

RESUMO

Giardia duodenalis is an important parasite with veterinary and public health significance worldwide. The presence and zoonotic assemblages of G. duodenalis have previously been reported in rabbits. In this study, to understand the infection status of G. duodenalis in rabbits from Shaanxi province, a total of 537 fecal samples were collected from two breeds of rabbits in four age groups (<30 days, 31-90 days, 91-200 days and >200 days) from four geographical origins (Fengxiang, Yangling, Tongchuan, and Shanyang). The presence of G. duodenalis in these samples was assessed using molecular assays based on beta-giardin (bg). The glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) and triosephosphate isomerase (tpi) loci were then amplified in the bg-positive samples for multi-locus genotype (MLG) analysis. The total prevalence of G. duodenalis in these rabbits was 3.54% (19/537). Giardia duodenalis infection was found in both breeds of rabbits, and in all farms and age groups, but with no statistically significant differences related to these factors (p > 0.05). Two assemblages, including B and E, were identified, with the former the predominant assemblage detected in both breeds, and in all age groups and farms. Sequence analysis revealed 2 (named as rbg1-2), 1 (named as rtpi1), and 2 (named as rgdh1-2) haplotypes at the gene loci of bg, tpi, and gdh, respectively, forming a multilocus genotype (MLG) of assemblage B (rbg1, rtpi1, and rgdh1). These findings reveal the significant zoonotic potential and genetic diversity of G. duodenalis in rabbits in Shaanxi Province, PR China.


Assuntos
Giardia lamblia , Giardíase , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Fezes , Genótipo , Giardia lamblia/genética , Giardíase/epidemiologia , Giardíase/veterinária , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Filogenia , Prevalência , Coelhos
14.
J Oral Rehabil ; 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies on temporomandibular disorder (TMD) severity in patient populations are scarce. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the psychological states and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among patients with differing TMD severity. METHODS: Adult patients (≥18 years old) with and without (controls) TMDs were recruited from the TMD/oro-facial pain centre and prosthodontics department, respectively. The presence and severity of TMDs were established with the Fonseca Anamnestic Index (FAI), and TMD diagnoses were confirmed with the Diagnostic Criteria for TMDs (DC/TMD). Psychological states and OHRQoL were examined with the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21) and Oral Health Impact Profile for TMDs (OHIP-TMD). Data were subjected to chi-square, Kruskal-Wallis/Mann-Whitney U tests and Spearman's correlation (α = .05). RESULTS: A total of 961 participants with a mean age of 32.99 ± 13.14 years (71.19% women) were assessed. Frequencies of the various TMD categories were as follows: no TMD/controls (12.07%), mild TMD (24.56%), moderate TMD (40.37%) and severe TMD (23.00%). The three most common TMD-related symptoms were TMJ noises, mouth opening difficulty and muscle pain. Participants with moderate/severe TMD presented a higher proportion of intra-articular and/or combined disorders. They reported significantly higher levels of depression, anxiety, stress and poorer OHRQoL than their counterparts with no/mild TMD (p < .001). Moderate-to-strong correlations were observed between FAI and DASS-21/OHIP-TMD scores (rs = 0.42-0.72). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with moderate/severe TMD had significantly higher levels of psychological disturbance and poorer OHRQoL. As OHRQoL and psychological states are correlated, psychological well-being must be considered when managing patients with moderate/severe TMDs.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144943

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this case-control study, we investigated the presence of differing numbers and types of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms, their association with psychological distress, and their impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). STUDY DESIGN: We recruited a total of 814 participants with TMD and 147 control subjects. The participants were instructed to complete the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders Symptom Questionnaire; the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21; and the Oral Health Impact Profile-Temporomandibular Disorders. The participants were subsequently categorized by their number and type of TMD symptoms. Data were analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis/Mann-Whitney U test (α = .05). RESULTS: The mean age of the participants (N = 961) was 32.99 ± 13.14 years, and 79.2% were women. Participants with more and all types of TMD symptoms generally exhibited significantly higher levels of psychological distress and worse OHRQoL (P < .001). Those with TMD pain plus temporomandibular joint (TMJ) sounds/dysfunction had significantly greater psychological distress, whereas those with painful symptoms and TMJ dysfunction experienced significantly more impairment in OHRQoL than individuals with only TMJ sounds. CONCLUSIONS: Psychological states and OHRQoL are influenced by the number and type of TMD symptoms. Individuals with more and all types of pain-related TMD symptoms with/without intra-articular features had greater psychological distress and OHRQoL impairment.


Assuntos
Angústia Psicológica , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Síndrome da Disfunção da Articulação Temporomandibular , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto Jovem
16.
Hypertens Res ; 44(9): 1158-1167, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34035483

RESUMO

Although emerging data suggest that circulating lipoprotein (a) [Lp (a)] could predict cardiovascular events (CVEs) in patients with cardiovascular disease, no study is currently available regarding the prognostic linkage of Lp (a) and hypertension in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). This study sought to evaluate the association of Lp (a), hypertension and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with stable CAD. A total of 8668 patients with stable CAD were consecutively enrolled. Baseline Lp (a) concentrations were measured. All subjects were categorized according to Lp (a) levels of <10 (low), 10-30 (medium) and ≥30 mg/dL (high) and were further stratified by hypertension status. They were regularly followed-up for the occurrence of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and stroke. Over an average of 54.81 ± 18.60 months of follow-up, 584 (6.7%) CVEs occurred. Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox regression analyses showed that elevated Lp (a) levels had a significant association with CVEs in hypertensive patients, regardless of the control status of blood pressure, but not in normotensive subjects. Moreover, when analyzed by subgroups according to both Lp (a) category and hypertension status, the risk of CVEs was only significantly elevated in the high Lp (a) plus hypertension group compared with the reference group with low Lp (a) levels and normotension (hazard ratio: 1.80, 95% confidence interval: 1.11-2.91). Elevated Lp (a) was associated with an increased risk of CVEs in stable CAD patients with hypertension. Moreover, the coexistence of high Lp (a) concentrations and hypertension greatly worsened the clinical prognosis in patients with CAD, which may suggest a prognostic correlation between Lp (a) and hypertension.

17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(9): 2133-2141, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047113

RESUMO

Atractylodis Rhizoma(AR) is a traditional Chinese medicinal material for food and medicine, with the functions of eli-minating dampness, strengthening the spleen, expelling wind evil and dispersing cold. AR contains a variety of compounds, including sesquiterpenoids, alkynes, triterpenoids, aromatic glycosides, polysaccharides and so on. At present, the researches on AR mainly focus on volatile components, with relatively fewer researches on non-volatile components. Polysaccharide from Atractylodis Rhizoma(ARP) is an important material basis among non-volatile components for the efficacy. Due to its many biological activities such as immunomodulatory activity, anti-tumors, anti-virus and anti-oxidation, ARP has certain research value and potential. The diversity of the polysaccharide structure is the basis for biological functions, but it also increases the difficulty of carbohydrate research. The research on the extraction, separation, purification, structure and activity of ARP is in the preliminary exploration stage, still with many shortcomings. Herein, recent advancements in the extraction, purification, structural characteristics and biological activities of ARP were summarized in this article to provide scientific reference for the in-depth systematic research of ARP and the development of AR resources.


Assuntos
Atractylodes , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Triterpenos , Polissacarídeos , Rizoma
18.
J Oral Rehabil ; 2021 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34042200

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Astrocytes in the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) contribute to descending pain modulation, but their role in oro-facial pain induced by persistent experimental dental occlusal interference (PEOI) or following EOI removal (REOI) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To explore the involvement of RVM astrocytes in PEOI-induced oro-facial hyperalgesia or its maintenance following REOI. METHODS: Male rats were randomly assigned into five groups: sham-EOI, postoperative day 6 and 14 of PEOI (PEOI 6 d and PEOI 14 d), postoperative day 6 following REOI on day 3 (REOI 3 d) and postoperative day 14 following REOI on day 8 (REOI 8 d). The nociceptive head withdrawal threshold (HWT) and activities of RVM ON- or OFF-cells were recorded before and after intra-RVM astrocyte gap junction blocker carbenoxolone (CBX) microinjection. RVM astrocytes were labelled immunohistochemically with glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and analysed semi-quantitatively. RESULTS: Persistent experimental dental occlusal interference-induced oro-facial hyperalgesia, as reflected in decreased HWTs, was partially inhibited by REOI at day 3 but not at day 8 after EOI placement. Increased GFAP-staining area occurred only in REOI 8 d group in which CBX could inhibit the maintained hyperalgesia; CBX was ineffective in inhibiting hyperalgesia in PEOI 14 d group. OFF-cell activities showed no change, but the spontaneous activity and responses of ON-cells were significantly enhanced that could be suppressed by CBX in REOI 8 d group. CONCLUSION: Rostral ventromedial medulla astrocytes may not participate in PEOI-induced oro-facial hyperalgesia or hyperalgesia inhibition by early REOI but are involved in the maintenance of oro-facial hyperalgesia by late REOI.

19.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(4)2021 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805278

RESUMO

Demands for expanded carrier screening (ECS) are growing and ECS is becoming an important part of obstetrics practice and reproductive planning. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of a small-size ECS panel in clinical implementation and investigate Chinese couples' attitudes towards ECS. An ECS panel containing 11 recessive conditions was offered to Chinese pregnant women below 16 gestational weeks. Sequential testing of their partners was recommended for women with a positive carrier status. The reproductive decision and pregnancy outcome were surveyed for at-risk couples. A total of 1321 women performed ECS successfully and the overall carrier rate was 19.23%. The estimated at-risk couple rate was 0.83%. Sequential testing was performed in less than half of male partners. Eight at-risk couples were identified and four of them performed prenatal diagnosis. Our study demonstrated that a small-size ECS panel could yield comparable clinical value to a larger-size panel when the carrier rate of the individual condition is equal or greater than 1%. In addition, more than half of male partners whose wives were carriers declined any types of sequential testing possibly due to a lack of awareness and knowledge of genetic disorders. Genetic education is warranted for the better implementation of ECS.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Triagem de Portadores Genéticos/métodos , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/diagnóstico , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/métodos , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Reprodução , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/epidemiologia , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/genética , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez
20.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 174: 104825, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838718

RESUMO

Insecticide exposure typically leads to abnormally high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative damage in insects. Superoxide dismutases (SODs) are potent antioxidant enzymes for ROS scavenging that are essential to protect insects against insecticide-induced oxidative injury. The small white butterfly, Pieris rapae, is an economically important lepidopteran pest of cruciferous crops, and the anthranilic diamide insecticide chlorantraniliprole is widely used to control this organism. However, whether chlorantraniliprole causes oxidative stress, and whether SODs are involved in ROS scavenging, remains unclear in P. rapae. In this study, an intracellular copper/zinc SOD (designated PrSOD1) gene was identified and characterised in P. rapae. The gene consists of four exons and three introns, and the PrSOD1 protein encoded by the gene has typical highly conserved features of CuZnSODs, including two signature motifs and seven Cu/Zn-interacting residues. Transcription of PrSOD1 was highest in the larval fat body and at the fifth-instar larval stage. Recombinant PrSOD1 protein expressed in Escherichia coli displayed antioxidant activity and high thermal and pH stability, confirming that PrSOD1 encodes a functional enzyme. Exposure to three sublethal doses of chlorantraniliprole for 6, 12 or 24 h resulted in significantly increased malondialdehyde concentration in P. rapae larvae, indicating insecticide-induced oxidative stress. Furthermore, both PrSOD1 transcription levels and CuZnSOD activity were quickly (6 and 12 h, respectively) upregulated in larvae subjected to chlorantraniliprole, strongly suggesting that PrSOD1 plays an important role in protecting against oxidative damage and possibly chlorantraniliprole tolerance in P. rapae.


Assuntos
Borboletas , Animais , Cobre/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Zinco , ortoaminobenzoatos
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