Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 27
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4976, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404790

RESUMO

To construct a superior microbial cell factory for chemical synthesis, a major challenge is to fully exploit cellular potential by identifying and engineering beneficial gene targets in sophisticated metabolic networks. Here, we take advantage of CRISPR interference (CRISPRi) and omics analyses to systematically identify beneficial genes that can be engineered to promote free fatty acids (FFAs) production in Escherichia coli. CRISPRi-mediated genetic perturbation enables the identification of 30 beneficial genes from 108 targets related to FFA metabolism. Then, omics analyses of the FFAs-overproducing strains and a control strain enable the identification of another 26 beneficial genes that are seemingly irrelevant to FFA metabolism. Combinatorial perturbation of four beneficial genes involving cellular stress responses results in a recombinant strain ihfAL--aidB+-ryfAM--gadAH-, producing 30.0 g L-1 FFAs in fed-batch fermentation, the maximum titer in E. coli reported to date. Our findings are of help in rewiring cellular metabolism and interwoven intracellular processes to facilitate high-titer production of biochemicals.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados/biossíntese , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Fermentação , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Engenharia Metabólica , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , Transcriptoma
2.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660223

RESUMO

Genomic variants libraries are conducive to obtain dominant strains with desirable phenotypic traits. The non-homologous end joining (NHEJ), which enables foreign DNA fragments to be randomly integrated into different chromosomal sites, shows prominent capability in genomic libraries construction. In this study, we established an efficient NHEJ-mediated genomic library technology in Yarrowia lipolytica through regulation of NHEJ repair process, employment of defective Ura marker and optimization of iterative transformations, which enhanced genes integration efficiency by 4.67, 22.74 and 1.87 times, respectively. We further applied this technology to create high lycopene producing strains by multi-integration of heterologous genes of CrtE, CrtB and CrtI, with 23.8 times higher production than rDNA integration through homologous recombination (HR). The NHEJ-mediated genomic library technology also achieved random and scattered integration of loxP and vox sites, with the copy number up to 65 and 53, respectively, creating potential for further application of recombinase mediated genome rearrangement in Y. lipolytica. This work provides a high-efficient NHEJ-mediated genomic library technology, which enables random and scattered genomic integration of multiple heterologous fragments and rapid generation of diverse strains with superior phenotypes within 96 h. This novel technology also lays an excellent foundation for the development of other genetic technologies in Y. lipolytica.

3.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(1): 1-14, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33501785

RESUMO

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a bioelectrochemical device, that enables simultaneous wastewater treatment and energy generation. However, a few issues such as low output power, high ohmic internal resistance, and long start-up time greatly limit MFCs' applications. MFC anode is the carrier of microbial attachment, and plays a key role in the generation and transmission of electrons. High-quality bioelectrodes have developed into an effective way to improve MFC performance. Conjugated polymers have advantages of low cost, high conductivity, chemical stability and good biocompatibility. The use of conjugated polymers to modify bioelectrodes can achieve a large specific surface area and shorten the charge transfer path, thereby achieving efficient biological electrochemical performance. In addition, bacteria can be coated with nano-scale conjugated polymer and effectively transfer the electrons generated by cells to electrodes. This article reviews the recently reported applications of conjugated polymers in microbial fuel cells, focusing on the MFC anode materials modified by conjugated polymers. This review also systematically analyzes the advantages and limitations of conjugated polymers, and how these composite hybrid bioelectrodes solve practical issues such as low energy output, high inner resistance, and long starting time.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Purificação da Água , Bactérias , Eletricidade , Eletrodos , Polímeros
4.
Biotechnol Adv ; : 107682, 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326817

RESUMO

Electroactive microorganisms (EAMs) are ubiquitous in nature and have attracted considerable attention as they can be used for energy recovery and environmental remediation via their extracellular electron transfer (EET) capabilities. Although the EET mechanisms of Shewanella and Geobacter have been rigorously investigated and are well characterized, much less is known about the EET mechanisms of other microorganisms. For EAMs, efficient EET is crucial for the sustainable economic development of bioelectrochemical systems (BESs). Currently, the low efficiency of EET remains a key factor in limiting the development of BESs. In this review, we focus on the EET mechanisms of different microorganisms, (i.e., bacteria, fungi, and archaea). In addition, we describe in detail three engineering strategies for improving the EET ability of EAMs: (1) enhancing transmembrane electron transport via cytochrome protein channels; (2) accelerating electron transport via electron shuttle synthesis and transmission; and (3) promoting the microbe-electrode interface reaction via regulating biofilm formation. At the end of this review, we look to the future, with an emphasis on the cross-disciplinary integration of systems biology and synthetic biology to build high-performance EAM systems.

5.
Biotechnol Biofuels ; 13: 133, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760447

RESUMO

Background: Lupeol exhibits novel physiological and pharmacological activities, such as anticancer and immunity-enhancing activities. However, cytotoxicity remains a challenge for triterpenoid overproduction in microbial cell factories. As lipophilic and relatively small molecular compounds, triterpenes are generally secreted into the extracellular space. The effect of increasing triterpene efflux on the synthesis capacity remains unknown. Results: In this study, we developed a strategy to enhance triterpene efflux through manipulation of lipid components in Y. lipolytica by overexpressing the enzyme Δ9-fatty acid desaturase (OLE1) and disturbing phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAH1) and diacylglycerol kinase (DGK1). By this strategy combined with two-phase fermentation, the highest lupeol production reported to date was achieved, where the titer in the organic phase reached 381.67 mg/L and the total production was 411.72 mg/L in shake flasks, exhibiting a 33.20-fold improvement over the initial strain. Lipid manipulation led to a twofold increase in the unsaturated fatty acid (UFA) content, up to 61-73%, and an exceptionally elongated cell morphology, which might have been caused by enhanced membrane phospholipid biosynthesis flux. Both phenotypes accelerated the export of toxic products to the extracellular space and ultimately stimulated the capacity for triterpenoid synthesis, which was proven by the 5.11-fold higher ratio of extra/intracellular lupeol concentrations, 2.79-fold higher biomass accumulation and 2.56-fold higher lupeol productivity per unit OD in the modified strains. This strategy was also highly efficient for the biosynthesis of other triterpenes and sesquiterpenes, including α-amyrin, ß-amyrin, longifolene, longipinene and longicyclene. Conclusions: In conclusion, we successfully created a high-yield lupeol-producing strain via lipid manipulation. We demonstrated that the enhancement of lupeol efflux and synthesis capacity was induced by the increased UFA content and elongated cell morphology. Our study provides a novel strategy to promote the biosynthesis of valuable but toxic products in microbial cell factories.

6.
ACS Synth Biol ; 9(6): 1385-1394, 2020 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396719

RESUMO

The production of the aglycosylated immunoglobulin G (IgG) in Escherichia coli has received wide interest for its analytical and therapeutic applications. To enhance the production titer of IgG, we first used synthetic sRNAs to perform a systematical analysis of the gene expression in the translational level in the glycolytic pathway (module 1) and the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle (module 2) to reveal the critical genes for the efficient IgG production. Second, to provide sufficient amino acid precursors for the protein biosynthesis, amino acid biosynthesis pathways (module 3) were enhanced to facilitate the IgG production. Upon integrated engineering of these genes in the three modules (module 1, aceF; module 2, gltA and acnA; module 3, serB) and optimization of fermentation conditions, the recombinant E. coli enabled a titer of the full-assembled IgG of 4.5 ± 0.6 mg/L in flask cultures and 184 ± 9.2 mg/L in the 5 L high cell density fed-batch fermenter, which is, as far as we know, the highest reported titer of IgG production in recombinant E. coli.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina G/metabolismo , Engenharia Metabólica/métodos , RNA não Traduzido/metabolismo , Anticorpos Monoclonais/genética , Anticorpos Monoclonais/metabolismo , Ciclo do Ácido Cítrico/genética , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Glicólise/genética , Glicosilação , Imunoglobulina G/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética
7.
Biotechnol J ; 15(5): e1900363, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034883

RESUMO

Production of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) receives considerable attention in the pharmaceutical industry. There has been an increasing interest in the expression of mAbs in Escherichia coli for analytical and therapeutic applications in recent years. Here, a modular synthetic biology approach is developed to rationally engineer E. coli by designing three functional modules to facilitate high-titer production of immunoglobulin G (IgG). First, a bicistronic expression system is constructed and the expression of the key genes in the pyruvate metabolism is tuned by the technologies of synthetic sRNA translational repression and gene overexpression, thus enhancing the cellular material and energy metabolism of E. coli for IgG biosynthesis (module 1). Second, to prevent the IgG biodegradation by proteases, the expression of a number of key proteases is identified and inhibited via synthetic sRNAs (module 2). Third, molecular chaperones are co-expressed to promote the secretion and folding of IgG (module 3). Synergistic integration of the three modules into the resulting recombinant E. coli results in a yield of the full-length IgG ≈150 mg L-1 in a 5L fed-batch bioreactor. The modular synthetic biology approach could be of general use in the production of recombinant mAbs.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Imunoglobulina G/genética , Engenharia Metabólica/métodos , Biologia Sintética/métodos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cultura Celular por Lotes , Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/metabolismo , Isomerases de Dissulfetos de Proteínas , Ácido Pirúvico/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo
8.
Microb Cell Fact ; 18(1): 90, 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surfactin is a cyclic lipopeptide that is of great industrial use owing to its extraordinary surfactant power and antimicrobial, antiviral, and antitumor activities. Surfactin is synthesized by a condensation reaction in microbes, which uses fatty acids and four kinds of amino acids (L-glutamate, L-aspartate, L-leucine and L-valine) as precursors. Surfactin biosynthesis could be improved by increasing the supply of fatty acids; however, the effect of the regulation of amino acid metabolism on surfactin production was not yet clear. RESULTS: In this study, we aimed to improve surfactin production in B. subtilis by repressing the genes on the branch metabolic pathways of amino acid biosynthesis using CRISPRi technology. First, 20 genes were inhibited individually, resulting in 2.5- to 627-fold decreases in transcriptional level as determined by RT-qPCR. Among the 20 recombinant strains, 16 strains obtained higher surfactin titres than that produced by the parent BS168NU-Sd strain (the surfactin production of BS168NU-Sd with only dCas9 but no sgRNA expression was 0.17 g/L). In particular, the strains in which the yrpC, racE or murC genes were inhibited individually produced 0.54, 0.41, or 0.42 g/L surfactin, respectively. All three genes are related to the metabolism of L-glutamate, whose acylation is the first step in the surfactin condensation reaction. Furthermore, these three genes were repressed in combination, and the strain with co-inhibition of yrpC and racE produced 0.75 g/L surfactin, which was 4.69-fold higher than that of the parent strain. In addition, the inhibition of bkdAA and bkdAB, which are related to the metabolism of L-leucine and L-valine, not only improved surfactin production but also increased the proportion of the C14 isoform. CONCLUSIONS: This study, to the best of our knowledge for the first time, systematically probed the regulatory effect of increasing the supply of amino acids on surfactin production. It provided an effective strategy and a new perspective for systematic studies on surfactin and other amino acid-derived chemicals.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos , Bacillus subtilis , Lipopeptídeos , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , Tensoativos/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/genética , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Bacillus subtilis/genética , Bacillus subtilis/metabolismo , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Lipopeptídeos/biossíntese , Lipopeptídeos/genética
9.
Microb Cell Fact ; 18(1): 77, 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Betulinic acid is a pentacyclic lupane-type triterpenoid and a potential antiviral and antitumor drug, but the amount of betulinic acid in plants is low and cannot meet the demand for this compound. Yarrowia lipolytica, as an oleaginous yeast, is a promising microbial cell factory for the production of highly hydrophobic compounds due to the ability of this organism to accumulate large amounts of lipids that can store hydrophobic products and supply sufficient precursors for terpene synthesis. However, engineering for the heterologous production of betulinic acid and related triterpenoids has not developed as systematically as that for the production of other terpenoids, thus the production of betulinic acid in microbes remains unsatisfactory. RESULTS: In this study, we applied a multimodular strategy to systematically improve the biosynthesis of betulinic acid and related triterpenoids in Y. lipolytica by engineering four functional modules, namely, the heterogenous CYP/CPR, MVA, acetyl-CoA generation, and redox cofactor supply modules. First, by screening 25 combinations of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (CYPs) and NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductases (CPRs), each of which originated from 5 different sources, we selected two optimal betulinic acid-producing strains. Then, ERG1, ERG9, and HMG1 in the MVA module were overexpressed in the two strains, which dramatically increased betulinic acid production and resulted in a strain (YLJCC56) that exhibited the highest betulinic acid yield of 51.87 ± 2.77 mg/L. Then, we engineered the redox cofactor supply module by introducing NADPH- or NADH-generating enzymes and the acetyl-CoA generation module by directly overexpressing acetyl-CoA synthases or reinforcing the ß-oxidation pathway, which further increased the total triterpenoid yield (the sum of the betulin, betulinic acid, betulinic aldehyde yields). Finally, we engineered these modules in combination, and the total triterpenoid yield reached 204.89 ± 11.56 mg/L (composed of 65.44% betulin, 23.71% betulinic acid and 10.85% betulinic aldehyde) in shake flask cultures. CONCLUSIONS: Here, we systematically engineered Y. lipolytica and achieved, to the best of our knowledge, the highest betulinic acid and total triterpenoid yields reported in microbes. Our study provides a suitable reference for studies on heterologous exploitation of P450 enzymes and manipulation of triterpenoid production in Y. lipolytica.


Assuntos
Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Engenharia Metabólica/métodos , Triterpenos/metabolismo , Yarrowia/enzimologia , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos
10.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 409, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30936852

RESUMO

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are eco-friendly bio-electrochemical reactors that use exoelectrogens as biocatalyst for electricity harvest from organic biomass, which could also be used as biosensors for long-term environmental monitoring. Glucose and xylose, as the primary ingredients from cellulose hydrolyzates, is an appealing substrate for MFC. Nevertheless, neither xylose nor glucose can be utilized as carbon source by well-studied exoelectrogens such as Shewanella oneidensis. In this study, to harvest the electricity by rapidly harnessing xylose and glucose from corn stalk hydrolysate, we herein firstly designed glucose and xylose co-fed engineered Klebsiella pneumoniae-S. oneidensis microbial consortium, in which K. pneumoniae as the fermenter converted glucose and xylose into lactate to feed the exoelectrogens (S. oneidensis). To produce more lactate in K. pneumoniae, we eliminated the ethanol and acetate pathway via deleting pta (phosphotransacetylase gene) and adhE (alcohol dehydrogenase gene) and further constructed a synthesis and delivery system through expressing ldhD (lactate dehydrogenase gene) and lldP (lactate transporter gene). To facilitate extracellular electron transfer (EET) of S. oneidensis, a biosynthetic flavins pathway from Bacillus subtilis was expressed in a highly hydrophobic S. oneidensis CP-S1, which not only improved direct-contacted EET via enhancing S. oneidensis adhesion to the carbon electrode but also accelerated the flavins-mediated EET via increasing flavins synthesis. Furthermore, we optimized the ratio of glucose and xylose concentration to provide a stable carbon source supply in MFCs for higher power density. The glucose and xylose co-fed MFC inoculated with the recombinant consortium generated a maximum power density of 104.7 ± 10.0 mW/m2, which was 7.2-folds higher than that of the wild-type consortium (12.7 ± 8.0 mW/m2). Lastly, we used this synthetic microbial consortium in the corn straw hydrolyzates-fed MFC, obtaining a power density 23.5 ± 6.0 mW/m2.

11.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 410, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30906287

RESUMO

Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 is a platform microorganism for understanding extracellular electron transfer (EET) with a fully sequenced and annotated genome. In comparison to other model microorganisms such as Escherichia coli, the available plasmid parts (such as promoters and replicons) are not sufficient to conveniently and quickly fine-tune the expression of multiple genes in S. oneidensis MR-1. Here, we constructed and characterized a plasmid toolkit that contains a set of expression vectors with a combination of promoters, replicons, antibiotic resistance genes, and an RK2 origin of transfer (oriT) cassette, in which each element can be easily changed by fixed restriction enzyme sites. The expression cassette is also compatible with BioBrick synthetic biology standards. Using green fluorescent protein (GFP) as a reporter, we tested and quantified the strength of promoters. The copy number of different replicons was also measured by real-time quantitative PCR. We further transformed two compatible plasmids with different antibiotic resistance genes into the recombinant S. oneidensis MR-1, enabling control over the expression of two different fluorescent proteins. This plasmid toolkit was further used for overexpression of the MtrCAB porin-c-type cytochrome complex in the S. oneidensis ΔmtrA strain. Tungsten trioxide (WO3) reduction and microbial fuel cell (MFC) assays revealed that the EET efficiency was improved most significantly when MtrCAB was expressed at a moderate level, thus demonstrating the utility of the plasmid toolkit in the EET regulation in S. oneidensis. The plasmid toolkit developed in this study is useful for rapid and convenient fine-tuning of gene expression and enhances the ability to genetically manipulate S. oneidensis MR-1.

12.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 839, 2019 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30765692

RESUMO

The original version of this Article omitted a declaration from the Competing Interests statement, which should have included the following: 'J.D.B. is a founder and Director of the following: Neochromosome, Inc., the Center of Excellence for Engineering Biology, and CDI Labs, Inc. and serves on the Scientific Advisory Board of the following: Modern Meadow, Inc., Recombinetics, Inc., and Sample6, Inc.'. This has now been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.

13.
ACS Synth Biol ; 8(1): 70-81, 2019 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30543412

RESUMO

Menaquinone-7 (MK-7), a valuable vitamin K2, plays an important role in the prevention of osteoporosis and cardiovascular calcification. We chose B. subtilis 168 as the chassis for the modular metabolic engineering design to promote the biosynthesis of MK-7. The biosynthetic pathway of MK-7 was categorized into four modules, namely, the MK-7 pathway (Module I), the shikimate (SA) pathway (Module II), the methylerythritol phosphate (MEP) pathway (Module III), and the glycerol metabolism pathway (Module IV). Overexpression of menA (Module I) resulted in 6.6 ± 0.1 mg/L of MK-7 after 120 h fermentation, which was 2.1-fold that of the starting strain BS168NU (3.1 ± 0.2 mg/L). Overexpression of aroA, aroD, and aroE (Module II) had a negative effect on the synthesis of MK-7. Simultaneous overexpression of dxs, dxr, yacM, and yacN (Module III) enabled the yield of MK-7 to 12.0 ± 0.1 mg/L. Moreover, overexpression of glpD (Module IV) resulted in an increase of the yield of MK-7 to 13.7 ± 0.2 mg/L. Furthermore, deletion of dhbB reduced the consumption of the intermediate metabolite isochorismate, thus promoting the yield of MK-7 to 15.4 ± 0.6 mg/L. Taken together, the final resulting strain MK3-MEP123-Gly2-Δ dhbB with simultaneous overexpression of menA, dxs, dxr, yacM-yacN, glpD and deletion of dhbB enabled the yield of MK-7 to 69.5 ± 2.8 mg/L upon 144 h fermentation in a 2 L baffled flask.


Assuntos
Bacillus subtilis/metabolismo , Engenharia Metabólica/métodos , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Bacillus subtilis/genética , Vias Biossintéticas/fisiologia , Ácido Chiquímico/metabolismo , Vitamina K 2/metabolismo
14.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3637, 2018 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30194293

RESUMO

The slow rate of extracellular electron transfer (EET) of electroactive microorganisms remains a primary bottleneck that restricts the practical applications of bioelectrochemical systems. Intracellular NAD(H/+) (i.e., the total level of NADH and NAD+) is a crucial source of the intracellular electron pool from which intracellular electrons are transferred to extracellular electron acceptors via EET pathways. However, how the total level of intracellular NAD(H/+) impacts the EET rate in Shewanella oneidensis has not been established. Here, we use a modular synthetic biology strategy to redirect metabolic flux towards NAD+ biosynthesis via three modules: de novo, salvage, and universal biosynthesis modules in S. oneidensis MR-1. The results demonstrate that an increase in intracellular NAD(H/+) results in the transfer of more electrons from the increased oxidation of the electron donor to the EET pathways of S. oneidensis, thereby enhancing intracellular electron flux and the EET rate.


Assuntos
Transporte de Elétrons , Engenharia Metabólica , NAD/biossíntese , Shewanella/metabolismo , Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Biologia Sintética
15.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 1933, 2018 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29789567

RESUMO

Compatibility between host cells and heterologous pathways is a challenge for constructing organisms with high productivity or gain of function. Designer yeast cells incorporating the Synthetic Chromosome Rearrangement and Modification by LoxP-mediated Evolution (SCRaMbLE) system provide a platform for generating genotype diversity. Here we construct a genetic AND gate to enable precise control of the SCRaMbLE method to generate synthetic haploid and diploid yeast with desired phenotypes. The yield of carotenoids is increased to 1.5-fold by SCRaMbLEing haploid strains and we determine that the deletion of YEL013W is responsible for the increase. Based on the SCRaMbLEing in diploid strains, we develop a strategy called Multiplex SCRaMbLE Iterative Cycling (MuSIC) to increase the production of carotenoids up to 38.8-fold through 5 iterative cycles of SCRaMbLE. This strategy is potentially a powerful tool for increasing the production of bio-based chemicals and for mining deep knowledge.


Assuntos
Carotenoides/biossíntese , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Genoma Fúngico , Engenharia Metabólica/métodos , Ploidias , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Sequência de Bases , Cromossomos Fúngicos/química , Células Clonais , Deleção de Genes , Genes Sintéticos , Integrases/genética , Integrases/metabolismo , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , Fenótipo , Plasmídeos/química , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , Recombinação Genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/deficiência , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/genética
16.
Microb Cell Fact ; 17(1): 62, 2018 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29678175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica is a promising microbial cell factory due to their biochemical characteristics and native capacity to accumulate lipid-based chemicals. To create heterogenous biosynthesis pathway and manipulate metabolic flux in Y. lipolytica, numerous studies have been done for developing synthetic biology tools for gene regulation. CRISPR interference (CRISPRi), as an emerging technology, has been applied for specifically repressing genes of interest. RESULTS: In this study, we established CRISPRi systems in Y. lipolytica based on four different repressors, that was DNase-deactivated Cpf1 (dCpf1) from Francisella novicida, deactivated Cas9 (dCas9) from Streptococcus pyogenes, and two fusion proteins (dCpf1-KRAB and dCas9-KRAB). Ten gRNAs that bound to different regions of gfp gene were designed and the results indicated that there was no clear correlation between the repression efficiency and targeting sites no matter which repressor protein was used. In order to rapidly yield strong gene repression, a multiplex gRNAs strategy based on one-step Golden-brick assembly technology was developed. High repression efficiency 85% (dCpf1) and 92% (dCas9) were achieved in a short time by making three different gRNAs towards gfp gene simultaneously, which avoided the need of screening effective gRNA loci in advance. Moreover, two genes interference including gfp and vioE and three genes repression including vioA, vioB and vioE in protodeoxy-violaceinic acid pathway were also realized. CONCLUSION: Taken together, successful CRISPRi-mediated regulation of gene expression via four different repressors dCpf1, dCas9, dCpf1-KRAB and dCas9-KRAB in Y. lipolytica is achieved. And we demonstrate a multiplexed gRNA targeting strategy can efficiently achieve transcriptional simultaneous repression of several targeted genes and different sites of one gene using the one-step Golden-brick assembly. This timesaving method promised to be a potent transformative tool valuable for metabolic engineering, synthetic biology, and functional genomic studies of Y. lipolytica.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Expressão Gênica/genética , RNA Guia/genética , Yarrowia/genética , Yarrowia/metabolismo
17.
ACS Synth Biol ; 7(3): 885-895, 2018 03 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29429342

RESUMO

Efficient extracellular electron transfer (EET) of exoelectrogens is essentially for practical applications of versatile bioelectrochemical systems. Intracellular electrons flow from NADH to extracellular electron acceptors via EET pathways. However, it was yet established how the manipulation of intracellular NADH impacted the EET efficiency. Strengthening NADH regeneration from NAD+, as a feasible approach for cofactor engineering, has been used in regulating the intracellular NADH pool and the redox state (NADH/NAD+ ratio) of cells. Herein, we first adopted a modular metabolic engineering strategy to engineer and drive the metabolic flux toward the enhancement of intracellular NADH regeneration. We systematically studied 16 genes related to the NAD+-dependent oxidation reactions for strengthening NADH regeneration in the four metabolic modules of S. oneidensis MR-1, i.e., glycolysis, C1 metabolism, pyruvate fermentation, and tricarboxylic acid cycle. Among them, three endogenous genes mostly responsible for increasing NADH regeneration were identified, namely gapA2 encoding a NAD+-dependent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in the glycolysis module, mdh encoding a NAD+-dependent malate dehydrogenase in the TCA cycle, and pflB encoding a pyruvate-formate lyase that converted pyruvate to formate in the pyruvate fermentation module. An exogenous gene fdh* from Candida boidinii encoding a NAD+-dependent formate dehydrogenase to increase NADH regeneration in the pyruvate fermentation module was further identified. Upon assembling these four genes in S. oneidensis MR-1, ∼4.3-fold increase in NADH/NAD+ ratio, and ∼1.2-fold increase in intracellular NADH pool were obtained under anaerobic conditions without discharge, which elicited ∼3.0-fold increase in the maximum power output in microbial fuel cells, from 26.2 ± 2.8 (wild-type) to 105.8 ± 4.1 mW/m2 (recombinant S. oneidensis), suggesting a boost in the EET efficiency. This modular engineering method in controlling the intracellular reducing equivalents would be a general approach in tuning the EET efficiency of exoelectrogens.


Assuntos
Elétrons , Espaço Extracelular/metabolismo , Espaço Intracelular/metabolismo , Engenharia Metabólica/métodos , NAD/metabolismo , Shewanella/metabolismo , Ciclo do Ácido Cítrico , Eletroquímica , Transporte de Elétrons , Fermentação , Genes Bacterianos , Glicólise , Oxirredução , Piruvatos/metabolismo , Recombinação Genética/genética
18.
ACS Synth Biol ; 6(9): 1679-1690, 2017 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28616968

RESUMO

Extracellular electron transfer (EET) in Shewanella oneidensis MR-1, which is one of the most well-studied exoelectrogens, underlies many microbial electrocatalysis processes, including microbial fuel cells, microbial electrolysis cells, and microbial electrosynthesis. However, regulating the efficiency of EET remains challenging due to the lack of efficient genome regulation tools that regulate gene expression levels in S. oneidensis. Here, we systematically established a transcriptional regulation technology, i.e., clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats interference (CRISPRi), in S. oneidensis MR-1 using green fluorescent protein (GFP) as a reporter. We used this CRISPRi technology to repress the expression levels of target genes, individually and in combination, in the EET pathways (e.g., the MtrCAB pathway and genes affecting the formation of electroactive biofilms in S. oneidensis), which in turn enabled the efficient regulation of EET efficiency. We then established a translational regulation technology, i.e., Hfq-dependent small regulatory RNA (sRNA), in S. oneidensis by repressing the GFP reporter and mtrA, which is a critical gene in the EET pathways in S. oneidensis. To achieve coordinated transcriptional and translational regulation at the genomic level, the CRISPRi and Hfq-dependent sRNA systems were incorporated into a single plasmid harbored in a recombinant S. oneidensis strain, which enabled an even higher efficiency of mtrA gene repression in the EET pathways than that achieved by the CRISPRi and Hfq-dependent sRNA system alone, as exhibited by the reduced electricity output. Overall, we developed a combined CRISPRi-sRNA method that enabled the synergistic transcriptional and translational regulation of target genes in S. oneidensis. This technology involving CRISPRi-sRNA transcriptional-translational regulation of gene expression at the genomic level could be applied to other microorganisms.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/genética , Biossíntese de Proteínas/genética , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/genética , Shewanella/genética , Transcrição Genética/genética
19.
Metab Eng ; 38: 19-28, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27267408

RESUMO

Biosynthesis of alkanes in microbial foundries offers a sustainable and green supplement to traditional fossil fuels. The dynamic equilibrium of fatty aldehydes, key intermediates, played a critical role in microbial alkanes production, due to the poor catalytic capability of aldehyde deformylating oxygenase (ADO). In our study, exploration of competitive pathway together with multi-modular optimization was utilized to improve fatty aldehydes balance and consequently enhance alkanes formation in Escherichia coli. Endogenous fatty alcohol formation was supposed to be competitive with alkane production, since both of the two routes consumed the same intermediate-fatty aldehyde. Nevertheless, in our case, alkanes production in E. coli was enhanced from trace amount to 58.8mg/L by the facilitation of moderate fatty alcohol biosynthesis, which was validated by deletion of endogenous aldehyde reductase (AHR), overexpression of fatty alcohol oxidase (FAO) and consequent transcriptional assay of aar, ado and adhP genes. Moreover, alkanes production was further improved to 81.8mg/L, 86.6mg/L or 101.7mg/L by manipulation of fatty acid biosynthesis, lipids degradation or electron transfer system modules, which directly referenced to fatty aldehydes dynamic pools. A titer of 1.31g/L alkanes was achieved in 2.5L fed-batch fermentation, which was the highest reported titer in E. coli. Our research has offered a reference for chemical overproduction in microbial cell factories facilitated by exploring competitive pathway.


Assuntos
Alcanos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/fisiologia , Melhoramento Genético/métodos , Engenharia Metabólica/métodos , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , Alcanos/isolamento & purificação , Vias Biossintéticas/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/genética
20.
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 113(4): 842-51, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26461930

RESUMO

Fatty aldehydes and alcohols are valuable precursors used in the industrial manufacturing of a myriad of specialty products. Herein, we demonstrate the de novo production of odd chain-length fatty aldehydes and fatty alcohols in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by expressing a novel biosynthetic pathway involving cytosolic thioesterase, rice α-dioxygenase and endogenous aldehyde reductases. We attained production titers of ∼20 mg/l fatty aldehydes and ∼20 mg/l fatty alcohols in shake flask cultures after 48 and 60 h respectively without extensive fine-tuning of metabolic fluxes. In contrast to prior studies which relied on bi-functional fatty acyl-CoA reductase to produce even chain-length fatty alcohols, our biosynthetic route exploits α-oxidation reaction to produce odd chain-length fatty aldehyde intermediates without using NAD(P)H cofactor, thereby conserving cellular resource during the overall synthesis of odd chain-length fatty alcohols. The biosynthetic pathway presented in this study has the potential to enable sustainable and efficient synthesis of fatty acid-derived chemicals from processed biomass.


Assuntos
Vias Biossintéticas/genética , Álcoois Graxos/metabolismo , Engenharia Metabólica/métodos , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Aldeídos/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Oryza , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...