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1.
Antiviral Res ; 194: 105163, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rational administration of peginterferon can remarkably reduce serum HBsAg level and improve the rate of HBsAg loss. Considering the high cost and adverse drug reaction of peginterferon, we aimed to develop a simple-to-use scoring system at early stage of treatment to predict low HBsAg level or HBsAg clearance at the end of treatment in virological suppression chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. METHODS: Non-cirrhotic CHB patients with NA (nucleoside/nucleotide analogues)-induced virological suppression initiated either by add-on or switch-to peginterferon for ≥ 48 weeks were enrolled from January 2012 to June 2017 in these two tertiary centers. The retrospective experiment identified 320 suitable patients, including 192 in training and 128 in validation cohorts. RESULTS: Using logistic regression, a simple-to-use scoring system integrating baseline HBsAg level <1000 IU/mL, HBsAg decline >0.5 log at week 12 and ALT flare at week 12 was developed in the training cohort and good for predicting HBsAg <100 IU/mL, HBsAg <10 IU/mL and HBsAg loss at the end of 48-week treatment. The area under receiver operating characteristics curve was 0.84, 0.86 or 0.78 in the training cohort and 0.88, 0.79 or 0.81 in the validation cohort, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our simple-to-use scoring system may guide for clinicians to decide whether to continue peginterferon in CHB patients to achieve low HBsAg levels or HBsAg clearance at the end of treatment, which might lead more cost-effective decision and get more patients to reach functional cures in Chinese population.

2.
Front Physiol ; 12: 642922, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33815147

RESUMO

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has become the most severe global health issue. Abnormal liver functions are frequently reported in these patients. However, liver function abnormality was often overlooked during COVID-19 treatment, and data regarding liver functions after cure of COVID-19 is limited. This study aimed to reveal the changes of liver function tests (LFTs) during hospitalization, and its clinical significance in patients with COVID-19. Methods: In this retrospective, bi-center study, a total of 158 hospitalized patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in China were included from January 22nd, 2020 to February 20th, 2020. Clinical features, laboratory parameters including LFTs, and treatment data were collected and analyzed. LFTs included alanine transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, gamma-glutamyl transferase, and total bilirubin. Patients were considered with abnormal LFTs when any value of these tests was higher than upper limit of normal. Results: Of 158 patients with COVID-19, 67 (42.41%) patients had abnormal LFTs on admission and another 50 (31.65%) patients developed abnormal LFTs during hospitalization. The incidence of LFTs abnormality in severe COVID-19 cases was significantly higher than non-severe cases. All LFTs in COVID-19 patients were correlated with oxygenation index. There was no statistical difference in treatment between the patients with or without liver test abnormalities. By the time of discharge, there were still 64 (40.50%) patients with abnormal LFTs. Logistic regression analysis identified younger age, hypertension and low lymphocyte counts as independent risk factors for persistent abnormal LFTs during hospitalization. Conclusion: Liver function tests abnormality was common in COVID-19 patients and was more prevalent in severe cases than in non-severe cases. A substantial percentage of patients still had abnormal LFTs by the time of discharge.

3.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 116(7): 1550-1551, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767112
5.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 60(1): 304-315, 2021 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32766690

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Liver damage is a common manifestation and can be life-threatening in adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD), an autoinflammatory disease. The hallmark of AOSD is activation of neutrophils, whose infiltration in liver is suspected to promote tissue injury. Here we aimed to identify a candidate biomarker and to validate its association with liver damage in AOSD. METHODS: Transcriptome analysis of neutrophils from treatment-naïve active AOSD patients and healthy donors was performed. Lipocalin-2 (LCN2) expression was assessed in neutrophils, plasma and liver biopsies of AOSD. The correlations of LCN2 with different variables and its ability to identify liver damage from AOSD patients were analysed. RESULTS: LCN2, a novel biomarker in hepatic inflammation, was found to be upregulated in AOSD neutrophils by RNA sequencing and confirmed at the mRNA and protein levels. Plasma levels of LCN2 were significantly higher in AOSD patients than healthy controls, RA and SLE patients. Plasma LCN2 levels were closely correlated with inflammatory markers, systemic score, HScore and cytokines. Moreover, LCN2 levels were increased in active AOSD with liver involvement and independently associated with liver dysfunction. Enhanced expression of LCN2 was detected in liver biopsies from three patients with ongoing liver injury. Furthermore, the area under the curve value of LCN2 for identifying AOSD with liver injury from other liver diseases was 0.9694. CONCLUSION: Our results reveal that neutrophils-derived LCN2 is higher in plasma and liver tissue in AOSD patients than in healthy controls, and it could serve as a potent biomarker for identifying AOSD with systemic inflammation, especially liver damage caused by hyperinflammation.


Assuntos
Lipocalina-2/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/metabolismo , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Lipocalina-2/sangue , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/sangue , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/diagnóstico , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/patologia
6.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 115(12): 2026-2035, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858565

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is defined by the European Association for the Study of the Liver-Chronic Liver Failure (EASL-CLIF) consortium and the North American Consortium for the Study of End-Stage Liver Disease (NACSELD) as an acute deterioration of cirrhosis with multiple organ failures and high short-term mortality. However, their diagnostic criteria differ. We aimed to compare these 2 criteria in the prediction of prognosis in hospitalized cirrhosis. METHODS: This was a prospective study of nonelectively hospitalized patients with cirrhosis (N = 468) from a single tertiary hospital between 2016 and 2018. Baseline characteristics, incidence, and types of organ failure and survival data at 7, 28, and 90 days were collected. Prognostic utilities of the 2 criteria were compared. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-seven of 468 patients (29.3%) had EASL-CLIF ACLF, and 35 of 468 (7.4%) had NACSELD ACLF. The 28-day transplant-free survival of ACLF was 58.4% using EASL-CLIF and 37.1% using the NACSELD criteria. In predicting 28-day mortality, the NACSELD criteria demonstrated significantly higher overall accuracy (92.0% vs 85.3%, P < 0.01), specificity (99.7% vs 84.0%, P < 0.001), and positive predictive value (97.1% vs 50.4%, P < 0.001) but lower sensitivity (49.3% vs 92.5%, P < 0.001) and negative predictive value (91.6% vs 98.5%, P < 0.001) than those of EASL-CLIF. The results were similar in predicting 7-day outcome. However, the overall accuracy became similar between NACSELD and EASL-CLIF ACLF criteria in predicting 90-day mortality (86.3% vs 88.7%, P = 0.27) because of the decrease of sensitivity and negative predictive value of NACSELD ACLF criteria. The prognostic performance of these 2 ACLF criteria was similar when applied to patients with or without hepatitis B virus infection as an etiology of cirrhosis. DISCUSSION: There are both caveats and utilities of NACSELD and EASL-CLIF ACLF criteria in prognosis prediction in patients with cirrhosis. NACSED criteria is highly accurate in predicting morality, whereas the EASL-CLIF criteria is more sensitive to identify patients who would benefit from liver transplantation.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/classificação , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Cirrose Hepática/classificação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
Front Physiol ; 11: 526, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32655398

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Necroptosis is a newly identified type of cell death with programmed pathways. The current study was performed to investigate necroptosis by measuring its key regulators; receptor interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3) and mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL) in patients with Hepatitis B virus (HBV) related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Methods: HBV-related ACLF (HBV-ACLF) patients (n = 90), non-ACLF patients without cirrhosis (N = 70), patients with cirrhosis (N = 40), and healthy controls (HCs; n = 70) were enrolled in the study. All patients were subject to serum RIPK3 measurement. Hepatic RIPK3 and MLKL were also determined in the livers of 18 patients and five donors, using immunohistochemistry. Results: Serum RIPK3 was significantly elevated in HBV-ACLF patients compared to that of non-ACLF patients and the HCs. Serum RIPK3 in ACLF patients at recruitment was significantly higher in non-survivors than those in survivors at the 90-day follow-up. The predictive accuracy of serum RIPK3 at the 90-day outcome was relatively good with an area under the receiver operating curve (AUROC) of 0.72 (p < 0.001), similar to that of the model of end-staged liver disease (MELD) score (0.76, p < 0.001). The combined use of RIPK3 and MELD score further increased the AUROC to 0.80. The hepatic RIPK3 and MLKL measured by immunohistochemistry, significantly increased in the patients with HBV-ACLF than in the patients without ACLF and the HCs. Conclusion: Circulating RIPK3 was significantly increased in patients with HBV-ACLF and was associated with a clinical outcome. The improved combined objective scores could offer additional prognostic value in ACLF patients, for physicians with more accurate expectations.

8.
BMJ ; 369: m1849, 2020 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409561

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of hydroxychloroquine plus standard of care compared with standard of care alone in adults with coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19). DESIGN: Multicentre, open label, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 16 government designated covid-19 treatment centres in China, 11 to 29 February 2020. PARTICIPANTS: 150 patients admitted to hospital with laboratory confirmed covid-19 were included in the intention to treat analysis (75 patients assigned to hydroxychloroquine plus standard of care, 75 to standard of care alone). INTERVENTIONS: Hydroxychloroquine administrated at a loading dose of 1200 mg daily for three days followed by a maintenance dose of 800 mg daily (total treatment duration: two or three weeks for patients with mild to moderate or severe disease, respectively). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Negative conversion of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 by 28 days, analysed according to the intention to treat principle. Adverse events were analysed in the safety population in which hydroxychloroquine recipients were participants who received at least one dose of hydroxychloroquine and hydroxychloroquine non-recipients were those managed with standard of care alone. RESULTS: Of 150 patients, 148 had mild to moderate disease and two had severe disease. The mean duration from symptom onset to randomisation was 16.6 (SD 10.5; range 3-41) days. A total of 109 (73%) patients (56 standard of care; 53 standard of care plus hydroxychloroquine) had negative conversion well before 28 days, and the remaining 41 (27%) patients (19 standard of care; 22 standard of care plus hydroxychloroquine) were censored as they did not reach negative conversion of virus. The probability of negative conversion by 28 days in the standard of care plus hydroxychloroquine group was 85.4% (95% confidence interval 73.8% to 93.8%), similar to that in the standard of care group (81.3%, 71.2% to 89.6%). The difference between groups was 4.1% (95% confidence interval -10.3% to 18.5%). In the safety population, adverse events were recorded in 7/80 (9%) hydroxychloroquine non-recipients and in 21/70 (30%) hydroxychloroquine recipients. The most common adverse event in the hydroxychloroquine recipients was diarrhoea, reported in 7/70 (10%) patients. Two hydroxychloroquine recipients reported serious adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Administration of hydroxychloroquine did not result in a significantly higher probability of negative conversion than standard of care alone in patients admitted to hospital with mainly persistent mild to moderate covid-19. Adverse events were higher in hydroxychloroquine recipients than in non-recipients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR2000029868.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , COVID-19 , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Cancer Med ; 9(9): 3057-3069, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), routinely used for diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is limited with relatively low sensitivity and high false positivity in HBV-related HCC (HBV-HCC). Thus, an alternative approach was explored to improve specificity/sensitivity for diagnosis of HBV-HCC, using the combination of AFP, inflammatory score, and liver function. METHODS: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) (n = 510) and HBV-HCC (n = 473) patients were identified retrospectively for this study. The diagnostic value of single vs combined biomarkers for HBV-HCC was analyzed, using ROC curve. RESULTS: It was observed that elderliness, male sex, cirrhosis, HBeAg+ or no-antiviral therapy, and elevation of ALT, AST, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and AFP were associated with developing HBV-HCC. However, the cut-off ALT defined by Chinese standard, but not by AASLD, was a risk factor. Interestingly, AFP of HBeAg- HBV-HCC patients without cirrhosis was significantly higher than that of the HBeAg+ patients. AUC values for AFP, ALT, AST, or NLR were 0.84 (95% CI: 0.815-0.862), 0.533 (95% CI: 0.501-0.565), 0.696 (95% CI: 0.666-0.725), or 0.684 (95% CI: 0.654-0.713) with optimal cut-off at 7.21 ng/mL, 43 IU/mL, 38 IU/mL, or 2.61, respectively. Combination of AFP with ALT, AST, and NLR improved the diagnostic performance for HBV-HCC, compared to any of the single biomarkers or any other combinations among these patients (except no-cirrhosis). CONCLUSIONS: Elderliness, male sex, elevated ALT, AST, NLR, AFP, cirrhosis, HBeAg+ , and no-antiviral treatment were independent risk factors for HBV-HCC. AASLD standard of ALT cut-off value may not be suitable for the Chinese population. Regular monitoring of HCC among HBeAg- patients with abnormal AFP may improve the management of HBV-HCC. The diagnostic performance of AFP combined with ALT, AST, and NLR for HBV-HCC was superior to single biomarker or any other combinations among these patients, and its diagnostic equation can be used as useful tool for differentiation of HBV-HCC from CHB.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Hepatite B/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Linfócitos/patologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , alfa-Fetoproteínas/metabolismo , Adulto , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/imunologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hepatite B/virologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(6): 645-656, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32103873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reports on bacterial infection (BI) in decompensated cirrhosis (DC) is mainly from alcoholic cirrhosis. The role of BI as a trigger or complication of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) in patients with hepatitis B virus decompensated cirrhosis (HBV-DC) remains to be investigated. AIM: To investigate the impact of BI on the outcomes of the patients with HBV-DC admitted into the hospital with or without ACLF. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with HBV-DC admitted to two tertiary centers in China. In-hospital overall survival, 90-d transplant-free survival, 5-year post-discharge survival, and cumulative incidence of ACLF were evaluated. Risk factors for death were analyzed considering liver transplantation as a competing event. RESULTS: A total of 1281 hospitalized HBV-DC patients were included; 284 had ACLF at admission. The overall prevalence of BI was 28.1%. The patients with BI had a significantly lower in-hospital survival and transplant-free 90-d survival than those without, in both the patients admitted with and without ACLF. The presence of BI significantly increased the risk of developing ACLF [sub-distribution hazard ratio (sHR) = 2.52, 95%CI: 1.75-3.61, P < 0.001] in the patients without ACLF. In the patients discharged alive, those who had an episode of BI had a significantly lower 5-year transplant-free survival. BI was an independent risk factor for death in the patients admitted without ACLF (sHR = 3.28, 95%CI: 1.93-5.57), while in ACLF admissions, the presence of pneumonia, but not other type of BI, independently increased the risk of death (sHR = 1.87, 95%CI: 1.24-2.82). CONCLUSION: BI triggers ACLF in patients with HBV-DC and significantly impairs short-term survival. HBV-DC patients should be monitored carefully for the development of BI, especially pneumonia, to avoid an adverse outcome.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/mortalidade , Infecções Bacterianas/mortalidade , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica/mortalidade , Cirrose Hepática/mortalidade , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/microbiologia , Adulto , Infecções Bacterianas/complicações , China , Feminino , Hepatite B Crônica/microbiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/microbiologia , Transplante de Fígado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
11.
Liver Int ; 39(10): 1943-1953, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31206235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) flare can occur in HBV patients either naïve or have interruption to treatment. Bacterial infection (BI) is a common complication of cirrhosis with potential severe outcomes. We aimed to assess the impact of HBV flare on the outcome of patients with HBV-related decompensated cirrhosis and BI. METHODS: This was a retrospective study from 2 tertiary academic hospitals in Shanghai, China of HBV patients admitted with or developed BI during admission. The characteristics of BI, prevalence of HBV flare, its impact on organ failure, acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) and 90-day survival were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 360 hospitalized patients (median age: 50 years, male: 79%, BI: at admission: 58.6%; during admission: 41.4%) were included. All patients including those with HBV flare (21%) received antiviral therapy after admission. Patients with HBV flare and BI had significantly higher percentage of liver (93.3% vs 48.8%), coagulation (64.0% vs 39.6%), cerebral (40.0% vs 21.8%) (all P < 0.01), and kidney failure (38.7% vs 26.3%, P < 0.05) compared to BI alone, associated with a higher risk of developing ACLF with a subdistribution hazard ratio (sHR) of 2.23 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.68-2.96). Multivariate analysis showed that ACLF development was the strongest risk factor for 90-day mortality (sHR, 95%CI: 7.36, 4.12-13.16). CONCLUSIONS: In HBV-related decompensated cirrhosis patients admitted with BI, HBV flare increased the risk of additional organ failures and ACLF, raising the risk of 90-day mortality by seven-fold. Optimization of HBV treatment in these patients should minimize the risk of HBV flare with improved outcomes.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/mortalidade , Infecções Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/fisiologia , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/microbiologia , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/terapia , Adulto , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , China , DNA Viral/sangue , Feminino , Vírus da Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos , Insuficiência Renal/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Carga Viral
12.
Dig Liver Dis ; 51(9): 1323-1329, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the FibroTouch and FibroScan in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) for staging fibrosis. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 435 CLD patients between 2014 and 2017. Index tests (FibroTouch, FibroScan, APRI, and FIB-4 score) and a reference standard (liver biopsy) were performed within one week. RESULTS: The area under the receiver operating curve (AUROC) of the FibroTouch was similar with that of the FibroScan for the diagnosis of significant fibrosis, severe fibrosis, or cirrhosis; however, the AUROC of the FibroTouch was higher than that of APRI or FIB-4 (p < 0.001). There was a significant correlation (rho = 0.85, p < 0.001) between the FibroTouch and FibroScan for liver stiffness. The overall diagnostic accuracy of FibroTouch for significant fibrosis, severe fibrosis, or cirrhosis was 73.3%, 83.2%, or 84.1%, respectively. No significant differences between the FibroTouch and FibroScan were detected regarding the sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value, and accuracy. The optimal cut-off values for each stage of fibrosis were similar between the FibroTouch and FibroScan. CONCLUSION: The FibroTouch is a valuable diagnostic tool for diagnosing liver fibrosis with good diagnostic accuracy which was comparable with that of the FibroScan, but superior to that of the APRI and FIB-4.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/instrumentação , Hepatopatias/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC
13.
Biosci Trends ; 13(2): 130-135, 2019 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30930359

RESUMO

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) influence the outcome of antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis B patients. Interferon ß promoter stimulator 1 polymorphisms (IPS-1) regulate interferon (IFN) mediated viral clearance in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. In our study, HepG2 and HepG2.2.15 were transfected with different SNP genotype expression vectors of IPS-1 (wild-type, rs17857295, rs7262903 and rs7269320). The production of IPS-1 and IFN were evaluated in these transfected cells. IPS-1 in the HepG2.2.15 cells transfected with rs17857295 or rs7262903 was 37% or 31% lower than that with wild-type transfection (p < 0.001). IFN-ß in rs17857295 or rs7262903 transfected HepG2.2.15 cells was 5.4 or 3.7 fold higher than that of wild-type transfection (p < 0.0001). IPS-1 in rs7269320 SNP transfected HepG2.2.15 cells was 40% lower than that of wild-type transfection (p < 0.0001); no significantly different IFN-ß was observed between rs7269320 SNP and wild-type transfections. IFN-ß expression was > 2 fold higher in rs17857295 transfected HepG2.2.15 cells than HepG2 cells (p < 0.001). The data suggests that host HBV viral clearance is stronger in IPS-1 rs17857295 or rs7262903 SNP genotype patients than wild-type patients. Relatively weak inducible IFN-ß production in HBV infected patients with IPS-1 rs7269320 SNP or wild-type may contribute to chronic virus infection.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Hepatite B/genética , Interferon beta/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Vetores Genéticos/metabolismo , Genótipo , Células HEK293 , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
14.
J Viral Hepat ; 26(7): 835-845, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30974482

RESUMO

Extensive hepatocyte death leads to hepatic inflammation and contributes to systemic inflammation in decompensated cirrhosis. We aimed to investigate the prognostic value of serum cell death markers in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute decompensation (AD) of cirrhosis with and without acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). We studied two cohorts-cohort 1: 201 outpatients with stable chronic hepatitis B (49 cirrhosis); cohort 2: 232 inpatients with HBV-related cirrhosis admitted for AD. Cell death was determined with serum keratin-18 (K18) for total death and serum caspase-cleaved-K18 (cK18) for apoptosis. Survival analyses were performed using competing risk method. We found that serum K18 and cK18 were significantly (P < 0.001) higher in patients from cohort 2 than those from cohort 1. Among cohort 2, ACLF patients had significantly (P < 0.001) increased K18 and cK18 comparing to those without ACLF. Increased K18 and cK18 were mainly attributed to HBV flare and were associated with liver and coagulation failure. HBV-AD patients without ACLF who admitted with upper tertile of K18 or cK18 were at higher risk of developing ACLF during follow-up. Baseline serum K18 or cK18 was significantly associated with transplant-free 90-day survival independent of leucocytes, HBV DNA, bacterial infection, encephalopathy and severity scores. The combination of cell death biomarkers significantly improved the prognostic value of the currently established prognostic scores. The reduction of cell death level after standard treatment was associated with increased short-term survival. In conclusion, measurements of serum K18 or cK18 in HBV decompensated cirrhosis are a promising tool for predicting ACLF and risk stratification of short-term outcome.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Hepatite B Crônica/sangue , Queratina-18/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Adulto , Morte Celular , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/mortalidade , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Carga Viral
15.
Front Physiol ; 10: 1503, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31920708

RESUMO

Background: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently been tightly linked to plenty of human diseases. However, knowledge of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) related lncRNAs remains insufficient. In this work, we studied the role of the lncRNA nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) in the pathogenesis of ACLF. Methods: ACLF model was established by challenging D-galactosamine (D-GalN)/ lipopolysaccharide (LPS) i.p. in rats with cirrhosis. The serum levels of IL-1, IL-6, and HMGB1 were determined using ELISA. Quantitative real time-PCR and western blot were performed to evaluate RNA and protein levels of inflammatory response. RNA immunoprecipitation assay was performed to confirm protein that interacts with NEAT1. Findings: Over-expression of NEAT1 could interact with TRAF6 and decrease its ubiquitination level, and significantly reduced the expression levels of IL-6, IL-22. Importantly, in ACLF rat model, NEAT1 over-expression reduced several cytokines expression and alleviated the pathological status in contrast to the control group. Additionally, NEAT1 was increased and positively correlated with IL-22 and IL-6 levels in PBMCs from the ACLF patients. Interpretation: NEAT1 can suppress inflammatory response through blockade of TRAF6 ubiquitination in ACLF rat model, suggesting that lncRNA NEAT1 might play protective roles in the pathogenesis of ACLF and provide promising novel target for pharmacological intervention.

16.
Infect Drug Resist ; 11: 2001-2009, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30464542

RESUMO

Background and aims: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients rarely achieve hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) loss with nucleoside/nucleotide analog therapy. Methods: In this retrospective study, it was evaluated that the rate of HBsAg loss in the HBe antigen negative (HBeAg-) patients (n=101) treated with entecavir (ETV) for ≥24 weeks followed by switching to (n=22) or adding on (n=26) pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN), and continuing ETV (n=53). Results: HBsAg clearance rate at week 48 was 9% (2/22), 15% (4/26), and 0% (0/53) (P<0.05), in switch-to or add-on, or ETV monotherapy CHB patients, respectively. HBsAg reduction at week 48 was 1.182, 0.6614, or 0.056 log IU/mL, in switch-to, add-on, and ETV patients, respectively (P<0.001). The response rate (HBsAg reduction >1 log IU/mL at week 48) in the switch-to, add-on, and ETV monotherapy CHB patients was 60%, 40%, and 2%, respectively (P<0.001). In the switch-to and add-on patients, HBsAg reduction and clearance were associated with HBsAg titers at week 0 and HBsAg reduction at week 24. Furthermore, HBsAg reduction at week 24 was associated with the response rate at week 48 in the switch-to and add-on patients, showing that the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.904. Positive predictive value and negative predictive value for response rate was 70% and 100% with cut-off value 0.2 log IU/mL, respectively. Conclusion: In summary, we demonstrated that PEG-IFN enhanced HBsAg loss in HBeAg- CHB patients. High HBsAg clearance was achieved in the patients with HBsAg titers at baseline <1,000 IU/mL and HBsAg reduction >0.2 log IU/mL.

17.
Expert Opin Biol Ther ; 18(10): 1085-1094, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30182763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of nucleos(t)ide analogs (NAs) versus interferon (IFN) on the occurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is controversial. We assessed whether antiviral strategy affected HCC development in CHB patients at different HCC risks. METHODS: 1112 CHB patients with antiviral therapy were included in this retrospective study. Patients treated with NAs only were classified into NAs group (n = 682) while those received IFN treatment with or without NAs were defined as IFN group (n = 430). Propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to minimize baseline differences. RESULTS: Totally, 31 patients developed HCC during follow-up (median 5.41 years). The cumulative HCC incidence at 10 years was significantly lower in the IFN group than NAs group (2.7% vs 8.0%, p < 0.001). Similar results were obtained in the PSM-cohort. Patients with IFN-based treatment were less likely to develop HCC than those with NAs (Hazard ratio = 0.15; 95% CI 0.04-0.66; p = 0.012). Subgroup analyses demonstrated that this superiority of IFN in reducing HCC development was obvious in patients at high- but not low-risk of HCC. CONCLUSIONS: Reduction of HCC development was more significant in CHB patients at higher HCC risk with IFN-based therapy than NAs treatment.


Assuntos
Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/prevenção & controle , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Interferons/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/prevenção & controle , Nucleosídeos/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Estudos de Coortes , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Vírus da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Hepatite B/fisiologia , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/epidemiologia , Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nucleosídeos/análogos & derivados , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Theranostics ; 8(15): 4170-4180, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30128045

RESUMO

Acute or acute-on-chronic liver failure is a leading cause of death in liver diseases without effective treatment. Interleukin-22 (IL-22) is currently in clinical trials for the treatment of severe alcoholic hepatitis, but the underlying mechanisms remain to be explored. Autophagy plays a critical role in alleviating liver injury. The aim of the current study is to explore the role of autophagy in IL-22-mediated hepato-protective effect against acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury. Methods: A model of acute liver injury induced by APAP was used in vivo. IL-22 was administrated to the APAP-treated mice. Hepatocytes were pre-incubated with IL-22, followed by exposure to APAP for in vitro analyses. Results: IL-22 administration significantly reduced serum ALT and AST, hepatic reactive oxygen species, and liver necrosis in APAP-challenged mice. APAP treatment increased hepatic autophagosomes, which was further intensified by IL-22 co-treatment. Hepatic LC3-II was moderately upregulated after APAP administration without obvious alteration of phosphorylation of AMP-activated kinase (p-AMPK). IL-22 pretreatment significantly upregulated hepatic LC3-II and p-AMPK in APAP-treated mice. IL-22 also alleviated APAP-induced cytotoxicity and upregulated LC3-II and p-AMPK expression in cultured hepatocytes treated with APAP in vitro. When p-AMPK was blocked with compound C (an AMPK inhibitor), IL-22-mediated LC3-II conversion and protection against APAP-induced cytotoxicity was weakened. Conclusions: Enhanced AMPK-dependent autophagy contributes to protective effects of IL-22 against APAP-induced liver injury.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/efeitos adversos , Analgésicos não Narcóticos/efeitos adversos , Autofagia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Interleucinas/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos
19.
Cell Biosci ; 8: 14, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29484170

RESUMO

Background: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) remains a global health dilemma with high morbidity and mortality. Human males absent on the first (hMOF) (a histone acetyltransferase) is responsible for DNA damage repair, tumorigenesis and cell cycle regulation. Persistence of HBV DNA contributes to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in CHB patients. Histone acetyltransferase enhances HBV replication, however the precise underlying mechanism of hMOF in HBV replication in CHB patients remains to be explored. This study aims to investigate the correlation between hepatic hMOF and HBV DNA replication in CHB patients, and may provide new insights towards the treatment of CHB patients. Methods: hMOF in liver biopsy (CHB, n = 33 HBeAg+; n = 20 HBeAg-, and three healthy controls) was determined, using immunohistochemistry, qPCR and Western blot. The correlation between hMOF and HBsAg, as well as, HBeAg were determined. Results: A positive correlation between hMOF and HBV DNA in overall CHB patients was observed. A distinct positive correlation between hMOF and HBsAg and/or HBeAg in HBeAg+ CHB patients was also detected, however not observed between hMOF and HBsAg in HBeAg- CHB patients. No correlation was observed between hMOF and hepatic inflammation severity and fibrotic stage in CHB patients. Conclusions: Hepatic hMOF might contribute to host HBV clearance in CHB patients and possible pathogenesis.

20.
Oncotarget ; 8(62): 105407-105424, 2017 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29285260

RESUMO

Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP), encoded by gene SLC10A1, is a receptor for hepatitis B virus (HBV). The aim of the current study was to investigate the role of NTCP polymorphisms in HBV susceptibility, cirrhosis and hepatocarcinogenesis. A total 1221 cases [including 866 chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 238 liver cirrhosis (LC), 117 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients] and 1232 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited, and 6 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped. Meta-analysis was executed among 14591 CHBs and 12396 HCs to determine the association between NTCP polymorphisms and HBV infection, cirrhosis or hepatocarcinogenesis. The frequency of rs2296651-GA was inversely correlated with CHB, LC or HCC patients [adjusted OR(95%CI)=0.16(0.11-0.23), p<0.001; 0.34(0.21-0.55), p=0.001; or 0.46(0.25-0.83), p=0.008], respectively, compared with HCs. Meta-analysis also showed that NTCP rs2296651-GA was inversely associated with HBV infection [OR(95%CI)=0.532(0.287-0.986), p=0.028, codominant] or HBV-related HCC [OR(95%CI)=0.701(0.564-0.872), p=0.001, recessive]. Furthermore, the frequency of rs943277-GA was positively correlated with HBV infection [adjusted OR(95%CI)=2.42(1.05-5.54), p=0.032, codominant]. Our data suggest that NTCP mutants contribute to the susceptibility of HBV infection or HBV-related HCC.

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