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1.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 92(5): 268-276, mayo 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-FGT-4109

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los conocimientos en primeros auxilios (PP. AA.) de profesorado de educación infantil y primaria y de progenitores de niños en estas etapas educativas. MÉTODOS: Se utilizó un cuestionario ya usado en publicaciones previas compuesto por 4 secciones: 1) información general; 2) valoración de los conocimientos en PP. AA.; 3) preguntas sobre PP. AA., y 4) consideraciones sobre los PP. AA. El cuestionario fue enviado a diferentes centros educativos de la Comunidad Autónoma de Galicia vía correo electrónico en formato Google Formularios. Se les solicitaba a los centros que los enviasen al claustro de profesores y progenitores del alumnado para su cumplimentación. RESULTADOS: El número total de cuestionarios analizados fue 470 (177 docentes; 242 progenitores; 51 docentes con hijos). Doscientos sesenta y ocho (57%) participantes afirmaron poseer conocimientos en PP. AA. En el caso de los docentes, se encontró asociación entre tener formación e impartir estos contenidos en el aula (p = 0,008). Solamente 4 participantes supieron ordenar la secuencia de soporte vital básico y ninguno respondió correctamente a las respuestas sobre reanimación cardiopulmonar. Más del 95% de la muestra consideraba necesario incluir formación en PP. AA. en el currículo escolar y en los planes de estudios de carreras destinadas a formar al profesorado. CONCLUSIONES: La mayoría de los docentes y progenitores tenían formación en PP. AA., aunque no supieron responder correctamente a preguntas relacionadas con el soporte vital básico. Sería recomendable la inclusión de estos contenidos en los currículos escolares, pero para ello sería preciso formar previamente al profesorado. La inclusión de estos contenidos en los planes de estudios universitarios debería ser una medida a tener en cuenta


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of first aid (FA) of primary and pre-school teachers and the parents of children in these education stages. METHODS: A questionnaire already used in previous publications was employed and consisted of 4 sections: 1) general information; 2) assessment of FA knowledge; 3) questions about FA, and 4) attitudes about FA. The questionnaire was sent by e-mail in Google Forms format to different education centres of the Autonomous Community of Galicia. The centres were asked to send them to the school staff and parents of the pupils so that they could be completed. RESULTS: A total of 470 questionnaires were analysed (177 teachers; 242 parents and 51 teachers with children). More than half (268, 57%) of the participants stated to have knowledge of FA. In the case of the teachers, a relationship was found between having this information and teaching these contained in the classroom (P=.008). Only 4 participants managed to arrange the basic life support sequence, and none of them correctly answered the questions on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. More than 95% of the sample considered it necessary to include FA in the school curriculum and in the study plans of degrees destined for teacher training. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of teachers and parents had training in FA, although none of them responded correctly to the questions related to basic life support. The inclusion of these contents in school curricula would be recommendable, but it requires training the teaching staff beforehand. The inclusion of these contents in university study plans should be a measure to take into account

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32397068

RESUMO

University students, as a result of their lifestyles, represent a section of the population that is most likely to adopt sedentary behaviours. The aim of the present study was to analyse the determining factors dictating the performance of physical activity as well as sedentary behaviour among university students. A total of 608 students (64.6% women) from the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) were selected by stratified random sampling to take part in the study, which involved completing a questionnaire on lifestyle and physical activity. Of the participating students, 69.6% indicated that they performed physical activity; the main reasons given were to maintain fitness and for health, while a lack of time and laziness were the principal reasons given for abandoning or not taking up physical exercise. Significant associations were established between not doing physical activity and the time exposed to screens, time studying, feeling low and smoking; on the other hand, associations could be seen between doing physical activity and the participation of relatives (parents, mothers, partners, older siblings and friends) in physical activity, as well as a positive sense of satisfaction relating to physical education taught in schools. In conclusion, most of the university students did some physical activity, which was associated with less sedentary behaviour, while the influence of school physical education and of the habits of relatives played an important role.

7.
An Pediatr (Barc) ; 92(5): 268-276, 2020 May.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of first aid (FA) of primary and pre-school teachers and the parents of children in these education stages. METHODS: A questionnaire already used in previous publications was employed and consisted of 4 sections: 1) general information; 2) assessment of FA knowledge; 3) questions about FA, and 4) attitudes about FA. The questionnaire was sent by e-mail in Google Forms format to different education centres of the Autonomous Community of Galicia. The centres were asked to send them to the school staff and parents of the pupils so that they could be completed. RESULTS: A total of 470 questionnaires were analysed (177 teachers; 242 parents and 51 teachers with children). More than half (268, 57%) of the participants stated to have knowledge of FA. In the case of the teachers, a relationship was found between having this information and teaching these contained in the classroom (P=.008). Only 4 participants managed to arrange the basic life support sequence, and none of them correctly answered the questions on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. More than 95% of the sample considered it necessary to include FA in the school curriculum and in the study plans of degrees destined for teacher training. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of teachers and parents had training in FA, although none of them responded correctly to the questions related to basic life support. The inclusion of these contents in school curricula would be recommendable, but it requires training the teaching staff beforehand. The inclusion of these contents in university study plans should be a measure to take into account.

9.
Eur J Pediatr ; 178(10): 1529-1535, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446464

RESUMO

Paediatric cardiorespiratory arrest is a rare event that requires a fast, quality intervention. High-quality chest compressions are an essential prognostic factor. The aim of this prospective, randomized and crossover study in infant manikin 2-min cardiorespiratory resuscitation scenario is to quantitatively compare the quality of the currently recommended method in infants (two-thumb-encircling hand techniques) with two new methods (the new two-thumb and the knocking-fingers techniques) using a 15:2 compression-to-ventilation ratio. Ten qualified health professionals were recruited. Variables analysed were mean rate and the ratio of compressions in the recommended rate range, mean depth and the ratio of compressions within the depth range recommendations, ratio of compressions with adequate chest release and ratio of compressions performed with the fingers in the correct position. Ratios of correct compressions for depth, rate, chest release and hand position were always above 70% regardless of the technique used. Reached mean depth and mean rate were similar to the 3 techniques. No statistically significant differences were found in any of the variables analysed.Conclusion: In an infant manikin, professionals are able to perform chest compressions with the new techniques with similar quality to that obtained with the standard method. What is Known: • Quality chest compressions are an essential prognostic factor in paediatric cardiorespiratory arrest. • It has been reported poor results when studied cardiorespiratory resuscitation quality in infants applying the recommended methods. What is New: • In a simulated scenario, quality of chest compressions performed with two new techniques (nTTT and KF) is similar to that obtained with the currently recommended method (TTHT).

13.
Am J Emerg Med ; 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911060

RESUMO

AIM: To analyse the effect of oxygen fraction reduction (O2 14%, equivalent to 3250 m) on Q-CPR and rescuers' physiological demands. METHODOLOGY: A quasi-experimental study was carried out in a sample of 9 Q-CPR proficient health care professionals. Participants, in teams of 2 people, performed 10 min CPR on a Laerdal ResusciAnne mannequin (30:2 compression/ventilation ratio and alternating roles between rescuers every 2 min) in two simulated settings: T21-CPR at sea level (FiO2 of 21%) and T14 - CPR at 3250 m altitude (FiO2 of 14%). Effort self-perception was rated from 0 (no effort) to 10 (maximum demand) points. RESULTS: Quality of chest compressions was good and similar in both conditions (T21 vs T14). However, the percentage of ventilations with adequate tidal volume was lower in altitude than at sea level conditions (35.9 ± 25.2% vs. 54.7 ± 23.2%, p = 0.035). The subjective perception of effort was significantly higher at simulated altitude (5 ± 2) than at sea level (3 ± 2) (p = 0.038). Maximum heart rate during the tests was similar in both conditions; however, mean oxygen saturation was significantly lower in altitude conditions (90.5 ± 2.5% vs. 99.3 ± 0.5%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Although performing CPR under simulated hypoxic altitude conditions significantly increases the physiological demands and subjective feeling of tiredness compared to sea level CPR, trained rescuers are able to deliver good Q-CPR in such conditions, at least in the first 10 min of resuscitation.

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