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PLoS One ; 14(1): e0208455, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30601814


Dengue virus (DENV) is an arbovirus responsible for a significant number of deaths in Latin America. This virus is transmitted through the bite of Aedes aegypti, the main mosquito vector, and Ae. albopictus. During blood uptake, the mosquito injects its saliva into the host to facilitate the feeding process. Mosquito saliva contains potent immunogens capable of inducing antibody production directly related to mosquito bite exposure intensity and disease risk. In this study, we first determined the DENV infection status by two different DENV non-structural protein 1 (NS1) based rapid tests and qRT-PCR, then measured the levels of IgG1 and IgG4 antibodies against salivary proteins of Ae. aegypti female mosquitoes in volunteers living in a dengue endemic area. Our results show that people with a positive DENV diagnosis present higher levels of IgG4 antibodies than people with a negative diagnostic test, and that these antibody levels were higher in people with secondary DENV infections. With this study, we show that detection of IgG4 antibodies against mosquito saliva may be a reliable method to evaluate the risk of dengue infection.

Aedes/imunologia , Dengue/epidemiologia , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Proteínas e Peptídeos Salivares/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Formação de Anticorpos/imunologia , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Glândulas Salivares/metabolismo , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
PLoS One ; 8(12): e81211, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24312537


Norte de Santander is a region in Colombia with a high incidence of dengue virus (DENV). In this study, we examined the serum concentration of anti-Aedes salivary gland extract (SGE) antibodies as a biomarker of DENV infection and transmission, and assessed the duration of anti-SGE antibody concentration after exposure to the vector ceased. We also determined whether SGE antibody concentration could differentiate between positive and negative DENV infected individuals and whether there are differences in exposure for each DENV serotype. We observed a significant decrease in the concentration of IgG antibodies at least 40 days after returning to an "Ae. aegypti-free" area. In addition, we found significantly higher anti-SGE IgG concentrations in DENV positive patients with some difference in exposure to mosquito bites among DENV serotypes. We conclude that the concentration of IgG antibodies against SGE is an accurate indicator of risk of dengue virus transmission and disease presence.

Aedes/química , Anticorpos/imunologia , Misturas Complexas/química , Vírus da Dengue , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Mordeduras e Picadas de Insetos/imunologia , Insetos Vetores/química , Glândulas Salivares/química , Adulto , Aedes/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos/sangue , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Misturas Complexas/imunologia , Dengue/sangue , Dengue/imunologia , Dengue/transmissão , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Mordeduras e Picadas de Insetos/sangue , Mordeduras e Picadas de Insetos/epidemiologia , Insetos Vetores/imunologia , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Glândulas Salivares/imunologia