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1.
BMC Surg ; 19(1): 146, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Simulation in laparoscopic surgery is nowadays recognized as a valid instrument for learning and training surgeons in different procedures. However, its role as evaluation test and self-assessment tool to verify basic surgical skills is still under discussion. METHODS: Thirty-three residents in obstetrics and gynecology at University of Pisa, Italy were recruited, and they received a simulation program consisting of 5 tasks. They had to perform basic laparoscopic surgery maneuvers as creating pneumoperitoneum, positioning trocars under vision, demonstrating the appropriate use of dominant and non-dominant hand and making single stitch and knot. They were evaluated with a modified OSATs scale. RESULTS: Senior trainees had better score than junior trainees (p value< 0,005) and after different sessions of simulation scores of both groups significantly improved (p < 0,001), especially for the junior group. All the trainees reported self-assessments that matched with the evaluation of external observers demonstrating the importance of simulation also as auto-evaluation test. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrated the role of simulation as powerful tool to evaluate and to self-assess surgical technical skills and to improve own capacities, with the use of a modified OSATs scale adapted to specific exercises.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/educação , Internato e Residência , Laparoscopia/educação , Treinamento por Simulação , Competência Clínica , Ginecologia/educação , Humanos , Itália , Cirurgiões/educação
2.
Maturitas ; 128: 1-3, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561815

RESUMO

Sleep disorders increase in prevalence during the menopausal transition and they constitute a complex phenomenon. Insomnia, the main sleep disorder, can be a primary disorder or it can be secondary to hot flushes (HF), mood disorders, psychosocial factors, medical conditions, and other sleep disturbances, such as obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) or restless legs syndrome (RLS). Menopausal women complaining of persistent sleep disorders should be referred to a sleep specialist for comprehensive sleep management because unrecognized and untreated sleep disorders can have dramatic health-related consequences. Women suffering from insomnia related to vasomotor symptoms (VMS) can be treated with hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Primary insomnia will be preferentially improved with cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT-I) or with non-benzodiazepine hypnotics or melatonin. CBT-I is a highly efficacious treatment for postmenopausal women with insomnia. Using antidepressants to treat sleep disruption in the absence of depression is not recommended; instead, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved paroxetine as the first non-hormonal treatment for HF. Sleep disorders in menopausal women should not be underestimated. It is necessary to diagnose the specific causal disorder and then to provide treatment to improve sleep quality and quality of life.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Fogachos/complicações , Menopausa , Transtornos do Humor/complicações , Qualidade de Vida , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Sono , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia
3.
J Robot Surg ; 13(4): 585-588, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31062181

RESUMO

Uterine fibromatosis is common in women, with an estimated prevalence of up to 15-50% after 35 years. About 80% of women affected by fibromatosis have symptoms and require medical or surgical treatment. Nowadays, the gold standard for the surgical treatment of uterine fibromatosis is the use of minimally invasive surgery. The surgical skills and improvements offered by robotic approach can be relevant in reproductive surgery, in particular in minimally invasive myomectomy. However, the lack of tactile feedback of robotic platform is an important technical drawback that can reduce the accuracy of surgical procedures. Here, we present the design and the preliminary test of the wearable fabric, yielding display wearable haptic interfaces able to generate a real-time tactile feedback in terms of stiffness for applications in gynecologic robotic surgery. We preliminarily tested the device in the simulation of a real scenario of conservative myomectomy with the final purpose of increasing the accuracy and precision during surgery. The future goal is the integration of a haptic device with the commercially available robotic surgical systems with the purpose of improving the precision and accuracy of the surgical operation, thus allowing a better understanding concerning the anatomical relationship of the target structures. This in turn could determine a change in the surgical strategy in some cases, letting some patients selected for a demolitive approach retaining their uterus. This could improve surgical outcomes in fertile women enrolled for minimally invasive surgery for uterine fibroids and may be a facilitation for young gynecological surgeons or during residency teaching plans and learning programs.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/instrumentação , Miomectomia Uterina/métodos , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Feminino , Fibroma/cirurgia , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Percepção do Tato , Miomectomia Uterina/instrumentação , Neoplasias Uterinas/cirurgia , Útero/cirurgia
4.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 9185059, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30886867

RESUMO

Introduction: Umbilical cord milking is a procedure in which clamped or unclamped umbilical cord is grasped, and blood is pushed ("stripped") two to four times towards the newborn, in a rapid time frame, usually within 20 seconds. The target of umbilical cord milking is to provide infants with their whole potential blood volume-of which they are deprived when early cord clamping is carried out-completing placental transfusion in a shorter time than delayed cord clamping. The aim of this narrative review is to analyse the literature regarding umbilical cord milking in term and late-preterm infants and to assess all possible benefits and limits of this procedure in clinical practice, especially in comparison to immediate and delayed cord clamping. Methods: We analysed literature data concerning maternal, as well as neonatal, outcomes for term and late-preterm (gestational age ≥ 34 weeks) newborns who received umbilical cord milking. Results: Most studies show comparable benefits for both umbilical cord milking and delayed cord clamping, especially in terms of haematological parameters when compared to immediate cord clamping. Umbilical cord milking may be a feasible procedure also for newborns requiring resuscitation. Conclusions: Literature data concerning positive effects of umbilical cord milking are encouraging and suggest that umbilical cord milking may be a quick and effective method to provide placental transfusions to depressed infants. However, the lack of standardised procedures and the variation in evaluated outcomes as well as the limited number of patients enrolled in trials, along with the retrospective nature of some of them, prevent recommending umbilical cord milking as a routine procedure.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro/sangue , Nascimento Prematuro/sangue , Cordão Umbilical/irrigação sanguínea , Transfusão de Sangue , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/fisiopatologia , Nascimento a Termo , Cordão Umbilical/patologia
6.
Maturitas ; 99: 43-46, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28364867

RESUMO

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common bacterial infections in women, and increase in incidence after the menopause. It is important to uncover underlying abnormalities or modifiable risk factors. Several risk factors for recurrent UTIs have been identified, including the frequency of sexual intercourse, spermicide use and abnormal pelvic anatomy. In postmenopausal women UTIs often accompany the symptoms and signs of the genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM). Antimicrobial prophylaxis has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing the risk of recurrent UTIs in women, but this may lead to drug resistance of both the causative microorganisms and the indigenous flora. The increasing prevalence of Escherichia coli (the most prevalent uropathogen) that is resistant to antimicrobial agents has stimulated interest in novel non-antibiotic methods for the prevention of UTIs. Evidence shows that topical estrogens normalize vaginal flora and greatly reduce the risk of UTIs. The use of intravaginal estrogens may be reasonable in postmenopausal women not taking oral estrogens. A number of other strategies have been used to prevent recurrent UTIs: probiotics, cranberry juice and d-mannose have been studied. Oral immunostimulants, vaginal vaccines and bladder instillations with hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulfate are newer strategies proposed to improve urinary symptoms and quality of life. This review provides an overview of UTIs' prophylaxis without antibiotics, focusing on a practical clinical approach to women with UTIs.


Assuntos
Estrogênios/uso terapêutico , Manose/uso terapêutico , Menopausa , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Infecções Urinárias/prevenção & controle , Vaccinium macrocarpon , Administração Intravaginal , Coito , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Microbiota , Qualidade de Vida , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Vagina/microbiologia
7.
Mol Biosyst ; 11(6): 1668-83, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25909245

RESUMO

A top-down/bottom-up integrated proteomic approach based on LC-MS and 2-DE analysis was applied for comparative characterization of medulloblastoma and pilocytic astrocytoma posterior cranial fossa pediatric brain tumor tissues. Although rare, primary brain tumors are the most frequent solid tumors in the pediatric age. Among them the medulloblastoma is the prevalent malignant tumor in childhood while pilocytic astrocytoma is the most common, rarely showing a malignant progression. Due to the limited availability of this kind of sample, the study was applied to pooled tumor tissues for a preliminary investigation. The results showed different proteomic profiles of the two tumors and evidenced interesting differential expression of several proteins and peptides. Top-down proteomics of acid-soluble fractions of brain tumor homogenates ascribed a potential biomarker role of malignancy to ß- and α-thymosins and their truncated proteoforms and to C-terminal truncated (des-GG) ubiquitin, resulting exclusively detected or over-expressed in the highly malignant medulloblastoma. The bottom-up proteomics of the acid-soluble fraction identified several proteins, some of them in common with 2-DE analysis of acid-insoluble pellets. Peroxiredoxin-1, peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase A, triosephosphate isomerase, pyruvate kinase PKM, tubulin beta and alpha chains, heat shock protein HSP-90-beta and different histones characterized the medulloblastoma while the Ig kappa chain C region, serotransferrin, tubulin beta 2A chain and vimentin the pilocytic astrocytoma. The two proteomic strategies, with their pros and cons, well complemented each other in characterizing the proteome of brain tumor tissues and in disclosing potential disease biomarkers to be validated in a future study on individual samples of both tumor histotypes.


Assuntos
Astrocitoma/química , Neoplasias Encefálicas/química , Meduloblastoma/química , Proteoma/análise , Astrocitoma/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Meduloblastoma/metabolismo , Proteínas/análise , Proteínas/química , Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteoma/química , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteômica
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