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1.
Echocardiography ; 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) systolic parameters are difficult to assess in heart transplant recipients (HTRs) compared to healthy people because of discordant data, and their impact on exercise capacity remains undefined. We sought to retrospectively assess the impact of RV systolic function on exercise capacity after heart transplantation. METHODS: We analyzed data from 61 HTRs who underwent transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), and exercise capacity assessment by 6-minute walking test (6MWT) and cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) at 1- and 2-year follow-ups. RESULTS: Transthoracic echocardiography RV longitudinal systolic function including tricuspid annular plan systolic excursion (TAPSE), peak systolic S' wave tricuspid annular velocity (PSVtdi) and RV free wall longitudinal strain was decreased at 1 year (respectively, 15 ± 3 mm, 10 ± 3 cm/s, and -19 ± 5%) and at 2 years (respectively, 15 ± 3 mm, 10 ± 2 cm/s, and -20 ± 5%) with no significant difference between both evaluations; meanwhile, RV ejection fraction (RVEF) measured by CMR was preserved. Mean percentage of predicted peak oxygen consumption was altered, but improved between the first and second year (55 ± 18 vs 60 ± 18%, P = .038). PSVtdi was weakly correlated with 6MWT distance (r = .426, P = .017) and RVEF with the predicted distance at 6MWT (r = .410, P = .027) at the 1-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Despite decreasing values, RV longitudinal systolic function has a weak impact on exercise capacity of HTRs. PSVtdi and RVEF are the most pertinent parameters to assess the impact of RV systolic function on exercise capacity after heart transplantation. These results should lead to redefine normal RV systolic function thresholds for HTRs.

2.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(5): 971-981, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040684

RESUMO

To evaluate the contribution and performance of multimodal imaging in the diagnostic and therapeutic management of cardiac masses. We carried out a monocentric retrospective study on patients referred for cardiac mass assessment between 2006 and 2019, and analyzed the respective contribution of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), cardiac computed tomography (CT), cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography coupled with CT (18F-FDG PET-CT). For each test, we determined strategy before and after its completion (need for another imaging or decision-making) as well as result on benign, malignant or indeterminate nature. For the 119 patients included, all imaging modalities increased decision-making rates, which rose from 2 to 54%, 23 to 62%, 31 to 85% and 49 to 100% before and after TEE, CT, CMR and 18F-FDG PET-CT, respectively (P < 0.001 before vs. after). TEE was particularly efficient for atrial masses, especially for the left atrium, with a decision rate rising from 0 to 74% (P < 0.001). 18F-FDG PET-CT was the most efficient to differentiate benign and malignant etiologies (area under the curve 0.89 ± 0.06 and 0.94 ± 0.05 for benign and malignant, respectively, P < 0.001). A benign or undetermined result on each modality was associated with a good prognosis, compared to malignant. All modalities studied are useful for cardiac mass decision-making. First-line TEE is particularly efficient for atrial masses, whereas CT and CMR are useful for ventricular masses or suspicion of malignancy. A benign or malignant result for each modality is correlated to survival and 18F-FDG PET-CT is the most effective to define it.

3.
Clin J Sport Med ; 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809282

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Participating in either competitive or leisure sports is restrictive after surgical mitral valve repair (MVR). In this study, we examine the impact of sports on outcomes after MVR. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients aged 18 to 65 years who underwent a first-time MVR for primary mitral regurgitation (MR) in a tertiary care center. PATIENTS: One hundred twenty-one consecutive patients were included in the study. The exclusion criteria were as follows: other concomitant procedures, early perioperative death or repeat intervention, noncardiac death or endocarditis during follow-up, and general contraindications for normal physical activity. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: Participation in sports was quantified by the number of hours per week during the past 6 months, classified according to the Mitchell classification and assessed with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short form. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary composite endpoint was MVR failure defined as MR grade ≥2 or mean transmitral gradient ≥8 mm Hg, signs and symptoms of heart failure, or late-onset postoperative AF (>3 months). RESULTS: The mean age was 50 ± 11 years, and there were 85 (71%) men. The median follow-up was 34 months [interquartile range (IQR): 20-50]. Fifty-six (46%) patients participated in sports regularly (median of 3 h/wk; IQR: 2-5). Twenty (17%) patients reached the primary composite endpoint with no correlation with participation in sports (P = 0.537), IPAQ categories (P = 0.849), in any of the Mitchell classification subgroups and a high level of participation in sports ≥6 hours (P = 0.679). CONCLUSIONS: Sports seem to be unrelated to the worst outcome after MVR.

4.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(10): 559-566, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnosing immune-mediated myocarditis is challenging because of non-specific clinical signs and symptoms. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) provides subepicardial late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in the setting of acute myocarditis, but the diagnostic value of LGE pattern for differentiating between immune-mediated and viral-related aetiologies remains unknown. AIMS: To determine the value of LGE pattern for differentiating between immune-mediated and viral-related aetiologies in patients with acute myocarditis. METHODS: One hundred and five patients with acute myocarditis who underwent CMR, including LGE variables, were included retrospectively. Viral-related aetiology was retained with a negative autoimmune and autoinflammatory assessment at diagnosis and 6-month follow-up. RESULTS: Aetiology was immune-mediated in 31 patients and viral-related in 74 patients. Patients with immune-mediated myocarditis were older (55±16 vs. 31±12years; P<0.001) and more likely to be female (52% vs. 14%; P<0.001) than those with viral-related myocarditis. There was no difference in left ventricular ejection fraction between the immune-mediated and viral-related myocarditis groups (53±15% vs. 57±8%; P=0.61). Regarding LGE, patients with viral-related myocarditis were more likely to have basal anteroseptal, mid anteroseptal, mid anterior and basal anterolateral location. Patients with immune-mediated myocarditis were more likely to have apical septal, apical inferior, apical lateral, mid anterolateral and basal inferior location. Segments with difference in prevalence of LGE between aetiologies were summed to build a score where positive significant association with immune-mediated myocarditis was quoted 1 and positive significant association with viral-related myocarditis was quoted -1. A score≥0 differentiated immune-mediated from viral-related myocarditis with 94% sensitivity and 77% specificity (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve 0.88; P<0.001). CONCLUSION: CMR provides arguments for differentiating immune-mediated from viral-related acute myocarditis by showing preferential LGE localization in apical septal, apical inferior, apical lateral and basal inferior segments.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Gadolínio DTPA/administração & dosagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Miocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/imunologia , Miocardite/virologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Nucl Cardiol ; 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201690

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quantitative assessment of valve regurgitation using volumetric method by comparing right and left ventricular stroke volumes is still under investigations. AIMS: To investigate the accuracy of tomographic equilibrium radionuclide ventriculography (t-ERV) for the quantification of tricuspid regurgitation (TR). METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-one patients (44 men; mean age 59 ± 12 years) who underwent both t-ERV and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) studies within 2 weeks for right ventricular systolic function assessment were eligible for inclusion. A sub-group of 22 patients underwent both t-ERV and CMR. Patients with mitral/aortic regurgitation by TTE were excluded of the study. TR regurgitant volume (RVol) was calculated using the proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method from TTE and the volumetric method (right ventricular stroke volume minus left ventricular stroke volume) from t-ERV. There was a significant correlation between RVol as assess by ERV and by TTE (R = 0.95, P < 0.0001). Intraclass correlation coefficient between TTE and ERV for TR quantification was 0.95 (P < 0.0001). Among patients who underwent CMR, the correlation between RVol obtained by TTE and by t-ERV and CMR were R = 0.81 and R = 0.75, respectively (all P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: TR assessment using the t-ERV correlates well with PISA from TTE in patients referred for right ventricular systolic function assessment.

6.
Amyloid ; 26(3): 128-138, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172799

RESUMO

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) commonly affects patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA). Amyloid deposition within the left atrium may be responsible for the subtype of AF in either permanent or non-permanent form. The prognostic implications of AF and its clinical subtype according to the type of CA are still controversial in this population. This study sought to investigate the prevalence, incidence and prognostic implications of AF and the clinical subtype of AF (permanent or non-permanent) in patients with CA. Methods: Two hundred and thirty-eight patients with CA and full medical records were retrospectively enrolled in the study: About 115 (48%) with light chain (AL) amyloidosis and 123 (52%) with transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR). Patient's medical records were reviewed to establish baseline prevalence, incidence and impact on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality during follow-up of AF. Results: One hundred and four (44%) patients had history of AF at the time of diagnosis: 62 (60%) permanent and 42 (40%) non-permanent. There were 30 (26%) and 74 (60%) patients with history of AF among patients with AL and ATTR (including 5 hereditary and 69 wild-type), respectively (p<.0001). During the follow-up, 48 new patients developed AF (29, 12 and 7 among patients with AL, wild-type ATTR and hereditary ATTR). After adjustment for age, survival was similar in patients with or without history of AF (HR 0.87 (95% CI, 0.60 to 1.27; p = .467). AF had no impact on cardiovascular mortality. Among the 152 patients with history of AF included in the whole study, there were 75 (49%) patients with permanent AF. After adjustment for age, survival was similar in patients with permanent and non-permanent AF: HR 1.29 (95% CI, 0.84 to 1.99; p = .251). The results were the same among patients with AL or wild-type amyloidosis. Subtype of AF had no impact on cardiovascular mortality. Conclusions: AF is common in patients with CA. However, AF and clinical subtype of AF have no impact on all-cause mortality, whatever the type of amyloidosis.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/sangue , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/complicações , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/mortalidade , Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina/sangue , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina/complicações , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pré-Albumina/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
Open Heart ; 6(1): e000980, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217996

RESUMO

Background: Estimation of left ventricular filling pressures (LVFP) is a determining factor in the follow-up of patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA). Natriuretic peptides (NPs) and tissue Doppler imaging may be used to monitor LVFP in patients with CA. The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of NPs and Doppler parameters in estimating LVFP in patients with CA. Methods: Fifty patients with biopsy-verified light chain (n=31), A protein amyloidosis (AA) (n=1), apoliporotein A2 (n=1) or bone scintigraphy-proven transthyretin (n=17) CA were retrospectively included. All patients underwent right heart catheterisation (RHC). Among them, 48 (96%) and 43 (86%) had assays of NPs (20 brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), 27 N-terminal pro-hormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and 1 both) and transthoracic echocardiography performed within 24 hours of RHC, respectively. Results: The median BNP and NT-proBNP levels were 1000 (243-1477) ng/L and 10 106 (2935-13 348) ng/L, respectively. Echocardiography demonstrated left atrial enlargement with a mean volume of 47±16 mL and low tissue Doppler lateral Ea of 5±2 cm/s. The mean early diastolic mitral inflow velocity on early lateral mitral annular diastolic velocity ratio (E/Ea) ratio was 18±7, and the mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) by RHC was 18±8 mm Hg. There was no correlation between BNP (r=0.260, p=0.774) or NT-proBNP (r=-0.103, p=0.984) levels and PCWP. There was a slight correlation between E/Ea ratio and PCWP (r=0.337, p=0.029). E/Ea ratio >14 performed poorly in differentiating elevated and low LVFP. Conclusion: In patients with CA, NPs do not accurately estimate PCWP. Tissue Doppler-derived mitral E/Ea ratio is correlated with PCWP, but the slight correlation requires to estimate LVFP in a broad clinical and imaging context to avoid diagnostic errors.

8.
Heart Rhythm ; 16(6): 853-860, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30550835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationships between hemodynamic consequences of premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) and development of premature ventricular contraction-induced cardiomyopathy (PVC-CM) have not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to correlate concealed mechanical bradycardia and/or postextrasystolic potentiation (PEP) to PVC-CM. METHODS: Invasive arterial pressure measurements from 17 patients with PVC-CM and 16 controls with frequent PVCs were retrospectively analyzed. PVCs were considered efficient (ejecting PVCs) when generating a measurable systolic arterial pressure. PEP was defined by a systolic arterial pressure of the post-PVC beat ≥5 mm Hg higher than the preceding sinus beat. Every PVC was analyzed for 10 minutes before ablation, and the electromechanical index (EMi = number of ejecting PVCs/total PVC) and postextrasystolic potentiation index (PEPi = number of PVCs with PEP/total PVC) were calculated. RESULTS: EMi was 29% ± 31% in PVC-CM and 78% ± 20% in controls (P <.0001). PEPi was 41% ± 28% in PVC-CM and 14% ± 10% in controls (P = .001). There was no control in groups of low EMi or high PEPi. EMi and PEPi were not significantly correlated to left ventricular dimensions or function in PVC-CM patients. PVC coupling interval was related to both ejecting PVCs and PEP. CONCLUSION: Patients with PVC-CM more often display nonejecting PVCs and PEP compared to controls.

9.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 111(12): 730-738, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30539734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few data are available on the application of transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) recommendations in daily practice. AIMS: To evaluate TOE practice based on echocardiography societies' guidelines, and to determine complication rates and factors associated with patient feelings. METHODS: Between April and June 2017, we prospectively included all consecutive patients referred to 14 French hospitals for a transoesophageal echocardiogram (TOE). A survey was taken just after the examination, which included questions about pre-procedural anxiety, and any pain, unpleasant feeling or breathing difficulties experienced during the examination. RESULTS: Overall, 1718 TOEs were performed, mainly for stroke evaluation. A standardized operating procedure checklist was completed in half of the patients before the examination. TOE was unpleasant for 62.4% of patients, but was stopped for agitation or intolerance in 3.5 and 1.4% of cases, respectively. We observed one severe complication (pulmonary oedema). The mean TOE duration was short (9.2±4.6minutes), but was longer with residents than with more experienced physicians (11±4.7 vs. 8.8±4.7minutes for junior physicians [P=0.0027]; vs. 8.9±4.8minutes for senior physicians [P=0.0013]; and vs. 7.5±4.1minutes for associate professors/professors [P<0.0001]). The visual analogue scale (VAS) score after TOE was good (8.3±1.7 out of 10), and was better in patients with general anaesthesia (GA) than in those without GA (9.3±0.9 vs. 8.1±1.7; P<0.0001). In patients without GA, the VAS score was similar with and without local anaesthesia (8.1±1.7 vs. 8.2±1.6; P=0.19). After multivariable adjustment, absence of anxiety before TOE and greater operator experience were consistently associated with a higher VAS score. CONCLUSIONS: TOE is safe, with a low rate of complications and few stops for intolerance. A shorter TOE duration and better patient feelings were observed for experienced operators, highlighting the importance of the learning curve, and paving the way for teaching on a TOE simulator.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/tendências , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Competência Clínica , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/efeitos adversos , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/normas , Feminino , França , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/tendências , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
Presse Med ; 47(9): 804-810, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30293850

RESUMO

Diagnosis of heart failure is too late. Symptoms of heart failure are non-specific. Brain natriuretic peptides allow the diagnosis of heart failure in pauci-symptomatic patients, with a threshold of 35pg/mL for BNP and 125pg/mL for NT-proBNP. Left ventricular dysfunction, either diastolic or systolic, remains asymptomatic for a long time. In diabetic and/or hypertensive patients, natriuretic peptides, can be used to diagnose asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction, with a threshold of 125pg/mL NT-proBNP. Treatment blocking the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in diabetic patients with NT-proBNP levels of 125pg/mL can prevent onset of heart failure. Screening of subjects at risk of heart failure (diabetics, hypertensive) is possible thanks to natriuretic peptides.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Peptídeos Natriuréticos/fisiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Medicina Comunitária , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Cardiovascular , Diagnóstico Precoce , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Testes de Função Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Peptídeos Natriuréticos/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico
11.
Amyloid ; 24(2): 101-109, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28553897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among diagnosis associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is a progressive disease with poor prognosis. Early noninvasive identification is of growing clinical importance. The objective of our study was to integrate clinical, biologic, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic parameters to build a diagnostic score in patients with LVH. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and fourteen patients with LVH underwent a cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and a 99mTc-hydroxymethylene-diphosphonate scintigraphy (99mTc-HMDP) allowing to discriminate three groups of diagnoses: CA (n = 50 including 31, 18 and 1 ATTR, AL and AA amyloidosis), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (n = 19) and unspecific cardiomyopathy (n = 45). Seven continuous variables associated with CA (systolic arterial pressure <130 mmHg; PR duration >200 ms; Sokolow index <12 mV; diastolic left ventricular posterior thickness >13 mm; E/Ea ratio >10; global longitudinal strain > -12% and sum of basal longitudinal strain > -47%) were selected and dichotomized according to the best cutoff value to build the diagnostic score, which was validated in an independent cohort of 34 patients with LVH from aortic stenosis. The area under the ROC curve for the diagnosis of CA using the score was 0.933 (95%CI 0.889-0.978). The best cut off value for the score was 3 leading to a sensitivity of 90% and specificity of 81%. Area under the ROC curve for the score was 0.932 in the validation cohort. A diagnostic score >3 was associated with a poorest prognosis. CONCLUSION: An integrated evaluation of 6 diagnostic factors including arterial blood pressure, ECG and echocardiographic parameters to build a diagnostic score is a simple and easily method to discriminate the 3 main CA in patients with LVH.


Assuntos
Amiloidose , Pressão Sanguínea , Eletrocardiografia , Imagem do Acúmulo Cardíaco de Comporta , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amiloidose/diagnóstico , Amiloidose/diagnóstico por imagem , Amiloidose/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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