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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 573: 204-214, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32278951

RESUMO

The use of inorganic nanoparticles in biomedical and biotechnological applications requires a molecular-level understanding of interactions at nano-bio interfaces, such as cell membranes. Several recent reports have shown that gold nanoparticles (AuNP), in the presence of fluid lipid bilayers, aggregate at the lipid/aqueous interface, but the precise origin of this phenomenon is still not fully understood. Here, by challenging synthetic lipid membranes with one of the most typical classes of nanomaterials, citrate-coated AuNP, we addressed the cooperative nature of their interaction at the interface, which leads to AuNP clustering. The ensemble of optical (UV-Vis absorbance), structural (small-angle neutron and X-ray scattering) and surface (X-ray reflectivity, quartz crystal microbalance, atomic force microscopy) results, is consistent with a mechanistic hypothesis, where the citrate-lipid ligand exchange at the interface is the molecular origin of a multiscale cooperative behavior, which ultimately leads to the formation of clusters of AuNP on the bilayer. This mechanism, fully consistent with the data reported so far in the literature for synthetic bilayers, would shed new light on the interaction of engineered nanomaterials with biological membranes. The cooperative nature of ligand exchange at the AuNP-liposome interface, pivotal in determining clustering of AuNP, will have relevant implications for NP use in Nanomedicine, since NP will be internalized in cells as clusters, rather than as primary NP, with dramatic effects on their bioactivity.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 570: 340-349, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171928

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: Extracellular Vesicles (EVs) are natural nanosized lipid vesicles involved in most intercellular communication pathways. Given their nature, they represent natural cell membrane models, with intermediate complexity between real and synthetic lipid membranes. Here we compare EVs-derived (EVSLB) and synthetic Supported Lipid Bilayers (SLBs) in the interaction with cationic superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs). The aim is twofold: (i) exploit SPIONs as nanometric probes to investigate the features of EVSLBs as novel biogenic platforms; (ii) contribute at improving the knowledge on the behavior of SPIONs with biological interfaces. EXPERIMENTS: Quartz Crystal Microbalance, X-ray Reflectivity, Grazing-incidence Small-angle X-ray Scattering, Atomic Force Microscopy, Confocal Microscopy data on SPIONs-EVSLB were systematically compared to those on SPIONs challenging synthetic SLBs, taken as references. FINDINGS: The ensemble of experimental results highlights the much stronger interaction of SPIONs with EVSLBs with respect to synthetic SLBs. This evidence strongly supports the hypotheses on the peculiar structure of EVSLBs, with cushioned non-flat areas and extended exposed surface; in addition, it suggests that these features are relevant in the response of biogenic membranes to nano-objects. These findings contribute to the fundamental knowledge on EVSLBs, key for their development both as biomimetic membranes, or as platforms for biomedical applications.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(6): 2323-2327, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765512

RESUMO

Organothiol monolayers on metal substrates (Au, Ag, Cu) and their use in a wide variety of applications have been extensively studied. Here, the growth of layers of organothiols directly onto muscovite mica is demonstrated using a simple procedure. Atomic force microscopy, surface X-ray diffraction, and vibrational sum-frequency generation IR spectroscopy studies revealed that organothiols with various functional endgroups could be self-assembled into (water) stable and adaptable ultra-flat organothiol monolayers over homogenous areas as large as 1 cm2 . The strength of the mica-organothiol interactions could be tuned by exchanging the potassium surface ions for copper ions. Several of these organothiol monolayers were subsequently used as a template for calcite growth.

4.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(2): 129-137, 2019 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30563321

RESUMO

The poor understanding of the interaction of nanomaterials with biologically relevant interfaces is recognized as one of the major issues currently limiting the development of nanomedicine. The central purpose of this study is to compare experimental (confocal microscopy, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, X-ray reflectivity) and computational (molecular dynamics simulations) results to thoroughly describe the interaction of cationic gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with mixed zwitterionic/anionic lipid membranes. The adhesion of AuNPs to the lipid membrane is investigated on different length scales from a structural and dynamical point of view; with this approach, a series of complex phenomena, spanning from lipid extraction, localized membrane disruption, lateral phase separation, and slaved diffusion, are characterized and interpreted from a molecular level to macroscopic observations.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Ouro/química , Bicamadas Lipídicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Conformação Molecular , Fosfolipídeos/química
5.
Nanoscale ; 10(1): 87-92, 2017 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29210438

RESUMO

Understanding the physical properties of cholesterol-phospholipid systems is essential to gain a better knowledge of the function of each membrane constituent. We present a novel, simple and user-friendly setup that allows for the straightforward grazing incidence X-ray diffraction characterization of hydrated individual supported lipid bilayers. This configuration minimizes the scattering from the liquid and allows the detection of the extremely weak diffracted signal of the membrane, enabling the differentiation of the coexisting domains in DPPC:cholesterol single bilayers.


Assuntos
1,2-Dipalmitoilfosfatidilcolina/química , Colesterol/química , Bicamadas Lipídicas/química , Difração de Raios X
6.
Ultramicroscopy ; 182: 233-242, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28734230

RESUMO

A combined X-ray and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) instrument is presented that enables the local detection of X-ray absorption on surfaces in a gas environment. To suppress the collection of ion currents generated in the gas phase, coaxially shielded STM tips were used. The conductive outer shield of the coaxial tips can be biased to deflect ions away from the tip core. When tunneling, the X-ray-induced current is separated from the regular, 'topographic' tunneling current using a novel high-speed separation scheme. We demonstrate the capabilities of the instrument by measuring the local X-ray-induced current on Au(1 1 1) in 800 mbar Ar.

7.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 1615, 2017 05 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28487534

RESUMO

Electrochemical Atomic Layer Deposition (E-ALD) technique has demonstrated to be a suitable process for growing compound semiconductors, by alternating the under-potential deposition (UPD) of the metallic element with the UPD of the non-metallic element. The cycle can be repeated several times to build up films with sub-micrometric thickness. We show that it is possible to grow, by E-ALD, Cu2S ultra-thin films on Ag(111) with high structural quality. They show a well ordered layered crystal structure made on alternating pseudohexagonal layers in lower coordination. As reported in literature for minerals in the Cu-S compositional field, these are based on CuS3 triangular groups, with layers occupied by highly mobile Cu ions. This structural model is closely related to the one of the low chalcocite. The domain size of such films is more than 1000 Å in lateral size and extends with a high crystallinity in the vertical growth direction up to more than 10 nm. E-ALD process results in the growth of highly ordered and almost unstrained ultra-thin films. This growth can lead to the design of semiconductors with optimal transport proprieties by an appropriate doping of the intra metallic layer. The present study enables E-ALD as an efficient synthetic route for the growth of semiconducting heterostructures with tailored properties.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(12): 4532-4539, 2017 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28252295

RESUMO

The surface restructuring of Pt(111) electrodes upon electrochemical oxidation/reduction in 0.1 M HClO4 was studied by in situ grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering and complementary scanning tunneling microscopy measurements. These methods allow quantitative determination of the formation and structural evolution of nanoscale Pt islands during potential cycles into the oxidation region. A characteristic ripening behavior is observed, where these islands become more prominent and homogeneous in size with increasing number of cycles. Their characteristic lateral dimensions primarily depend on the upper potential limit of the cycle and only slightly increase with cycle number. The structural evolution of the Pt surface morphology strongly resembles that found in studies of Pt(111) homoepitaxial growth and ion erosion in ultrahigh vacuum. It can be fully explained by a microscopic model based on the known surface dynamic behavior under vacuum conditions, indicating that the same dynamics also describe the structural evolution of Pt in the electrochemical environment.

9.
Nanotechnology ; 28(15): 155602, 2017 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28221163

RESUMO

We demonstrate the controlled growth of Bi(110) and Bi(111) films on an α-Al2O3(0001) substrate by surface x-ray diffraction and x-ray reflectivity using synchrotron radiation. At temperatures as low as 40 K, unanticipated pseudo-cubic Bi(110) films are grown with thicknesses ranging from a few to tens of nanometers. The roughness at the film-vacuum as well as the film-substrate interface, can be reduced by mild heating, where a crystallographic orientation transition of Bi(110) towards Bi(111) is observed at 400 K. From 450 K onwards high quality ultrasmooth Bi(111) films form. Growth around the transition temperature results in the growth of competing Bi(110) and Bi(111) domains.

10.
Membranes (Basel) ; 6(4)2016 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27999368

RESUMO

Biological membranes mediate several biological processes that are directly associated with their physical properties but sometimes difficult to evaluate. Supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) are model systems widely used to characterize the structure of biological membranes. Cholesterol (Chol) plays an essential role in the modulation of membrane physical properties. It directly influences the order and mechanical stability of the lipid bilayers, and it is known to laterally segregate in rafts in the outer leaflet of the membrane together with sphingolipids (SLs). Atomic force microscope (AFM) is a powerful tool as it is capable to sense and apply forces with high accuracy, with distance and force resolution at the nanoscale, and in a controlled environment. AFM-based force spectroscopy (AFM-FS) has become a crucial technique to study the nanomechanical stability of SLBs by controlling the liquid media and the temperature variations. In this contribution, we review recent AFM and AFM-FS studies on the effect of Chol on the morphology and mechanical properties of model SLBs, including complex bilayers containing SLs. We also introduce a promising combination of AFM and X-ray (XR) techniques that allows for in situ characterization of dynamic processes, providing structural, morphological, and nanomechanical information.

11.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 87(11): 113705, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27910601

RESUMO

We have developed a new instrument combining a scanning probe microscope (SPM) and an X-ray scattering platform for ambient-pressure catalysis studies. The two instruments are integrated with a flow reactor and an ultra-high vacuum system that can be mounted easily on the diffractometer at a synchrotron end station. This makes it possible to perform SPM and X-ray scattering experiments in the same instrument under identical conditions that are relevant for catalysis.

12.
Langmuir ; 30(42): 12570-7, 2014 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25263250

RESUMO

Stable layers of crown ethers were grown on muscovite mica using the potassium-crown ether interaction. The multilayers were grown from solution and from the vapor phase and were analyzed with atomic force microscopy (AFM), matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry, and surface X-ray diffraction (SXRD). The results show that the first molecular layer of the three investigated dibenzo crown ethers is more rigid than the second because of the strong interaction of the first molecular layer with the potassium ions on the surface of muscovite mica. SXRD measurements revealed that for all of the investigated dibenzo crown ethers the first molecule lies relatively flat whereas the second lies more upright. The SXRD measurements further revealed that the molecules of the first layer of dibenzo-15-crown-5 are on top of a potassium atom, showing that the binding mechanism of this layer is indeed of the coordination complex form. The AFM and SXRD data are in good agreement, and the combination of these techniques is therefore a powerful way to determine the molecular orientation at surfaces.

13.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 10(31): 4555-8, 2008 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18665304

RESUMO

Nanopatterned silver substrates with highly reproducible morphologies have been fabricated by micro-contact printing techniques and tested for SERS activity.

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