Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 97
Filtrar
1.
Auris Nasus Larynx ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274177

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: While unknown for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), some studies assessing cervical carcinoma have shown that human papillomavirus (HPV) co-infection can be associated with its prognosis. METHODS: Through in situ hybridization (HPV and Epstein-Barr virus [EBV] probes) and immunohistochemistry (p16INK4a, cyclin D1, p53, and Ki-67 antibodies), 126 OPSCC and 109 OSCC samples were assessed. RESULTS: All patients were EBV-negative. OPSCC (25%) showed a significant association with HPV compared to OSCC (11%). Almost all HPV-associated cases were p16INK4a-positive. Regarding OPSCC and OSCC, 23 and 7 cases were positive for high-risk HPV (HRHPV) only, 6 and 3 cases for low-risk HPV (LRHPV) only, and 3 and 2 cases for HRHPV/LRHPV, respectively. HPV-associated carcinomas showed a significantly higher proliferative index than HPV-unassociated carcinomas. Both carcinomas showed a similar overall survival rate, which was not affected by the HPV status. However, when comparing HPV-associated subgroups, patients with HRHPV/LRHPV-associated carcinomas showed worse survival. CONCLUSION: LRHPV-associated and HRHPV/LRHPV-associated cases can also be detected when assessing OSCC and OPSCC. Further studies, especially in populations with a high prevalence of HPV-associated OPSCC, are necessary to understand the clinicopathological behavior of these neoplasm subgroups.

2.
Rheumatol Int ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283264

RESUMO

Focal lymphocytic sialadenitis (FLS), an important diagnostic criterion for Sjögren's syndrome (SS) diagnosis, can also be observed when assessing minor salivary gland (mSG) biopsies from healthy asymptomatic individuals (non-SS patients). Fifty cases of primary SS (pSS group) and 31 cases of oral reactive lesions (non-SS non-sicca group) containing also typical FLS features, were assessed by morphological and immunohistochemical (CD10, CD23 and Bcl-6) analysis, aiming at the detection of GCs. All pSS cases showed FLS with focus score (FS) ≥ 1. In the non-SS non-sicca group, 12, 10 and 9 cases showed FLS with FS ≥ 1, FLS with FS < 1 and FLS associated with chronic sclerosing sialadenitis with FS < 1, respectively. The morphological analysis revealed similar frequency of GCs in pSS (20%) and non-SS non-sicca group (19%). The area (p = 0.052) and largest diameter (p = 0.245) of GCs were higher in pSS than non-SS non-sicca group. The FS and number of foci were significantly higher in pSS than non-SS non-sicca group with FS < 1. Immunohistochemistry confirmed all morphological findings (GCs showing CD23 and Bcl-6 positivity, with variable CD10 expression) and additionally in 3 and 1 cases of the pSS and non-SS non-sicca group, respectively. Moreover, another 6 and 2 cases of the pSS and non-SS non-sicca group with FS ≥ 1, respectively, showed positivity only for CD23. FLS can also be observed when assessing oral reactive lesions, which showed similar frequency of GCs with those found in pSS patients. Further studies, including functional analysis of lymphocytic populations and GCs in FLS, are encouraged.

3.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 572-586, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma with three variants (endemic, sporadic, and immunodeficiency-associated), presenting with specific epidemiological and clinical features. Burkitt lymphoma affects the head and neck region (BLHN) in approximately 10% of cases. The aim of this study was to undertake a comparative analysis of the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical (IHC) features of BLHN diagnosed in patients from Africa, Guatemala, and Brazil. METHODS: Cases diagnosed as BLHN were collected from the files of six oral pathology laboratory services (Brazil, South Africa, and Guatemala) and one Brazilian pediatric oncology hospital from 1986 to 2020. Clinicopathological and IHC data, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status by in situ hybridization data for each case were reviewed and described. RESULTS: Of the 52 cases, BLHN was predominant in pediatric patients [43 (82.69%)] and males [43 (82.69%)], with a mean age of 11.26 ± 9.68 years (range, 1-39 years). Neck and cervical lymph nodes [14 (26.92%)], and involvement of both maxilla and mandible [8 (15.38%)], were the most common anatomical sites. Clinically, tumor/swelling [40 (31.25%)], cervical lymphadenopathy [14 (10.94%)], pain [12 (9.38%)], and bone destruction [12 (9.38%)] were frequent findings. All cases showed typical morphological characteristics of BL. IHC profiles included positivity for CD20 [52 (100%)], CD10 [38 (79.17%)], Bcl6 [29 (87.88%)], and c-Myc protein [18 (81.82%)]. EBV was positive in 18 cases (62.07%). The Ki-67 index ranged from 90 to 100%. CONCLUSION: The clinicopathological and EBV profile of BLHN in South African, Guatemalan, and Brazilian patients is similar.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Burkitt/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 613-621, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasma cell neoplasms are characterized by the proliferation of a single clone of plasma cells with production of a monoclonal immunoglobulin. They can manifest as a single lesion (plasmacytoma) or as multiple lesions (multiple myeloma). METHODS: Paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of patients microscopically diagnosed with plasma cell neoplasms in the jaws were retrieved from five pathology files. Data including clinical, radiographic, microscopic and immunohistochemical findings, treatment employed and follow-up status were retrieved from the pathology reports. RESULTS: Fifty-two cases were retrieved (mean age: 59.4 years) without sex predilection. The mandible was the most affected site (67.3%), usually associated with pain and/or paresthesia (53.8%). Lesions in other bones besides the jaws were reported for 24 patients (46.2%). Radiographically, tumours usually presented as poorly defined osteolytic lesions with unilocular or multilocular images, while microscopy revealed diffuse proliferation of neoplastic plasma cells with nuclear displacement and abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. Two cases were classified as anaplastic, and amyloid deposits were found in two other cases. Immunohistochemistry was positive for plasma cell markers and negative for CD20 and CD3, and monoclonality for kappa light chain predominated. The overall survival rate after 5 years of follow-up was 26.6%. CONCLUSION: Plasma cell neoplasms are aggressive tumours with a poor prognosis and involvement of the jaws may be the first complaint of the patient. Thus, oral pathologists, head and neck surgeons and dentists should be aware of their clinical, radiographic and microscopic manifestations.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Neoplasias de Plasmócitos , Plasmocitoma , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Arcada Osseodentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Plasmócitos/diagnóstico por imagem , Plasmocitoma/diagnóstico por imagem
5.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 548-557, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial mature T/NK-cell neoplasms is challenging because of their rarity, morphological heterogeneity and complex immunophenotype with scarce available data describing their clinical and microscopic aspects. Therefore, in this study, we investigated a series of mature T/NK-cell neoplasms affecting this anatomical region and provided an updated literature review. METHODS: Cases diagnosed as mature T/NK-cell lymphomas affecting the oral and maxillofacial region were retrospectively retrieved from six pathology files and their diagnoses were confirmed using haematoxylin and eosin-stained slides, immunohistochemical reactions and in situ hybridization for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) detection. Patients' clinical data were collected from their pathology forms. RESULTS: A total of 22 cases were included in this study. Eleven (50%) consisted of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type; eight (36.4%) were peripheral T-cell lymphomas, NOS; two (9.1%) were adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphomas, and one (4.5%) was an ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Overall, males predominated, with a mean age of 55.7 years. The palate was the most affected site (50%), and tumours usually presented as destructive and painful ulcers. EBV was present in all cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal type but was absent in the other subtypes. CONCLUSION: Among mature T/NK-cell lymphomas of the oral and maxillofacial region, extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type and peripheral T-cell lymphoma, NOS predominated. Older men were the most affected patients, and this heterogeneous group of neoplasms has a very aggressive clinical behaviour.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Adulto , Idoso , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Int J Surg Pathol ; : 10668969211021966, 2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34057368

RESUMO

Oncocytic lipoadenoma (OL) is a rare salivary gland tumor characterized by the presence of oncocytic cells and mature adipose tissue. To date, only 30 cases of OL have been reported in the English-language literature. We present 3 additional OL cases involving the parotid, including a synchronous presentation with paraganglioma of the right carotid bifurcation. Microscopically, both the OLs were composed of a mixed population of oncocytes and adipocytes in varying proportions surrounded by a thin, connective tissue fibrous capsule. Oncocytes were positive for pan-cytokeratins (CKs) AE1/AE3, epithelial membrane antigen, CK5, CK7, CK14, CK18, and CK19. Calponin, p63, alpha-smooth muscle actin, and carcinoembryonic antigen were negative. Vimentin and S-100 protein were positive only in adipose cells. Despite distinctive morphologic features, OL is often misdiagnosed, given its rarity. We hope to contribute to surgeons' and pathologists' awareness and knowledge regarding the existence of this tumor and provide adequate management through conservative surgical excision.

7.
Head Neck Pathol ; 15(2): 572-587, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33415517

RESUMO

The many diverse terms used to describe the wide spectrum of changes seen in proliferative verrucous leukoplakia (PVL) have resulted in disparate clinical management. The objective of this study was to produce an expert consensus guideline for standardized assessment and reporting by pathologists diagnosing PVL related lesions. 299 biopsies from 84 PVL patients from six institutions were selected from patients who had multifocal oral leukoplakic lesions identified over several years (a minimum follow-up period of 36 months). The lesions demonstrated the spectrum of histologic features described in PVL, and in some cases, patients developed oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). An expert working group of oral and maxillofacial and head and neck pathologists reviewed microscopic features in a rigorous fashion, in combination with review of clinical photographs when available. The working group then selected 43 single slide biopsy cases for whole slide digital imaging (WSI) review by members of the consensus conference. The digital images were then reviewed in two surveys separated by a washout period of at least 90 days. Five non-PVL histologic mimics were included as controls. Cases were re-evaluated during a consensus conference with 19 members reporting on the cases. The best inter-observer diagnostic agreement relative to PVL lesions were classified as "corrugated ortho(para)hyperkeratotic lesion, not reactive" and "SCC" (chi-square p = 0.015). There was less than moderate agreement (kappa < 0.60) for lesions in the "Bulky hyperkeratotic epithelial proliferation, not reactive" category. There was ≥ moderate agreement (> 0.41 kappa) for 35 of 48 cases. This expert consensus guideline has been developed with support and endorsement from the leadership of the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and the North American Society of Head and Neck Pathologists to recommend the use of standardized histopathologic criteria and descriptive terminology to indicate three categories of lesions within PVL: (1) "corrugated ortho(para)hyperkeratotic lesion, not reactive;" (2) "bulky hyperkeratotic epithelial proliferation, not reactive;" and (3) "suspicious for," or "squamous cell carcinoma." Classification of PVL lesions based on a combination of clinical findings and these histologic descriptive categories is encouraged in order to standardize reporting, aid in future research and potentially guide clinical management.

8.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 159: 103237, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33493634

RESUMO

Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL-NT) is an aggressive malignancy associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection, with a geographic and racial predilection for some Asian and Latin American countries. ENKTCL-NT manifests as a necrotic process affecting nasal or upper aerodigestive structures and, rarely, extranasal sites such as skin, and the gastrointestinal tract. ENKTCL-NT was characterized by its poor prognosis irrespective of clinical stage and therapy. However, during the last two decades, advances in its clinicopathologic, genetic and molecular characterization have been achieved, as have changes in the chemotherapy regimens that, in combination with radiotherapy, are significantly improving the survival of these patients, especially in initial stages. For these reasons, we present an overview of the historical background of ENKTCL-NT along with an updated review of its potential etiological factors, clinicopathologic and molecular features, as well as its prognostic models, current treatment protocols, and future directions on potential promising therapeutic approaches.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/diagnóstico , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/epidemiologia , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/etiologia , Prognóstico
9.
J Med Virol ; 93(6): 3835-3840, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910471

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11 are the etiological agents of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP). We examined the prevalence and distribution of HPVs 6 and 11 genetic variants in juvenile onset (JORRP) and adult onset (AORRP) laryngeal papillomas. Cases of JORRP and AORRP were collected, retrospectively. HPV detection and genotyping were accessed by polymerase chain reaction-sequencing in 67 RRP samples. Overall, the most prevalent HPV-6 variants were from B1 (55.8%) and B3 (27.9%) sublineages, whereas among HPV-11 positive samples A2 (62.5%) variants were predominant. A higher prevalence of HPV-6 B1 was observed in JORRP (83.3% B1 and 16.7% B3), compared with AORRP cases (58.3% B1 and 41.7% B3). HPV-11 A2 variants were more prevalent both in JORRP (57.2%) and in AORRP cases (70.0%). Nevertheless, with the exception that HPV-6 B1 were significantly less likely to recur, there was a lack of association between any particular HPVs 6 or 11 variant and clinicopathological features. Our data do not support an association between HPVs 6 and 11 variability and RRP.


Assuntos
Variação Genética , Papillomavirus Humano 11/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 6/genética , Neoplasias Laríngeas/virologia , Papiloma/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Head Neck Pathol ; 15(3): 1023-1030, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089457

RESUMO

Carney complex (CNC) is a rare, autosomal dominant multiple neoplasia syndrome. Although cutaneous myxomas commonly occur in CNC patients, intraoral myxomas are extremely rare. We present a case of a palatal myxoma in a 21-year-old female patient with CNC, along with a review of the pertinent literature. She presented with a sessile nodule on the hard palate that microscopically showed a multilobulated and highly vascularized myxomatous tissue composed of loosely-arranged spindle, polygonal, and stellate cells, suggestive of myxoid neurofibroma. Six years after the oral lesion was removed, she presented with a growth hormone (GH)-producing pituitary adenoma, a cardiac myxoma, two cutaneous myxomas on the lower abdomen area, and one myxoma in the vaginal mucosa. Therefore, the final diagnosis of the palatal lesion was of a soft tissue myxoma related to CNC. The patient remains on close follow-up, with no recurrences of the palatal myxoma after 7 years.

12.
Int J Surg Pathol ; 29(3): 263-272, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734791

RESUMO

Mucosal melanomas are aggressive tumors, rarely observed in the oral cavity. The diagnosis is based on the clinical and microscopical features. Often these tumors had variable amounts of melanin pigmentation. However, when melanin is absent, the tumors are denominated amelanotic, presenting a tendency to misdiagnosis and delayed treatment. The aim of this study was to describe the clinicopathologic features of a series of oral amelanotic melanomas (OAM). Records of all cases of OAM were retrospectively retrieved from oral pathology services from January 2002 to January 2019. Data regarding the clinical features, morphological aspects, immunohistochemical reactions, treatment, and follow-up status were collected. Eight cases of OAM were included, 6 in men and 2 in women (ratio of 3:1) ranging in age from 33 to 77 years (mean 53.6 years). Clinically, the tumors presented as masses or ulcerated swellings. The most common intraoral locations of the tumors were gingiva and palate. Cervical lymph node metastasis was detected in 3 patients at the first examination. All but one patient died from complications of the tumors after a mean follow-up period of 8.5 months. In conclusion, OAM is a very aggressive malignant tumor, and when melanin is absent, an immunohistochemical panel comprising S100, melan A, HMB45, and SOX10 should be performed.


Assuntos
Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Melanoma Amelanótico/diagnóstico , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Melaninas/análise , Melanoma Amelanótico/mortalidade , Melanoma Amelanótico/patologia , Melanoma Amelanótico/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/terapia , Pescoço , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32680811

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of 105 new cases of adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT) from Brazil, Guatemala, Mexico, and South Africa. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical and radiographic data were collected from records of 5 oral pathology laboratories, and all cases were microscopically reviewed. RESULTS: This series of cases included 36 (34.2%) from South Africa; 33 (31.4%) from Brazil; 23 (21.9%) from Mexico; and 13 (12.3%) from Guatemala. Seventy-two patients (68.5%) were females and 33 patients (31.4%) were males, with an average age of 19.2 years. The tumors predominantly affected the anterior maxilla (48.5%), followed by the anterior mandible (29.5%); posterior mandible (15.2%); and posterior maxilla (6.6%). Sixty-three tumors (63.6%) were follicular, 34 (34.3%) were extrafollicular, and 2 (2%) were peripheral. In most cases, the tumors caused considerable cortical expansion (average size 3.4 cm). Microscopically, most cases showed rosette-like and duct-like structures. CONCLUSIONS: This is one of the largest case series of AOTs reported in the literature and the first multicenter study involving populations from Latin America and South Africa. In a fifth of the present cases, the posterior regions of the gnathic bones were affected and the tumors demonstrated larger sizes compared with cases occurring in other populations.


Assuntos
Ameloblastoma , Tumores Odontogênicos , Adulto , Ameloblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Ameloblastoma/epidemiologia , Dorso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Tumores Odontogênicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores Odontogênicos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988809

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of 62 cases of central odontogenic fibroma (COdF). STUDY DESIGN: Clinical and radiographic data were collected from the records of 13 oral pathology laboratories. All cases were microscopically reviewed, considering the current World Health Organization classification of tumors and were classified according to histopathologic features. RESULTS: There were 43 females and 19 males (average age 33.9 years; range 8-63 years). Clinically, COdF lesions appeared as asymptomatic swellings, occurring similarly in the maxilla (n = 33) and the mandible (n = 29); 9 cases exhibited palatal depression. Imaging revealed well-defined, interradicular unilocular (n = 27), and multilocular (n = 12) radiolucencies, with displacement of contiguous teeth (55%) and root resorption (46.4%). Microscopically, classic features of epithelial-rich (n = 33), amyloid (n = 10), associated giant cell lesion (n = 7), ossifying (n = 6), epithelial-poor (n = 3), and granular cell (n = 3) variants were seen. Langerhans cells were highlighted by CD1a staining in 17 cases. Most patients underwent conservative surgical treatments, with 1 patient experiencing recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the largest clinicopathologic study of COdF. Most cases appeared as locally aggressive lesions located in tooth-bearing areas in middle-aged women. Inactive-appearing odontogenic epithelium is usually observed within a fibrous/fibromyxoid stroma, occasionally exhibiting amyloid deposits, multinucleated giant cells, or granular cells.


Assuntos
Fibroma , Tumores Odontogênicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Fibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibroma/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Maxila , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Tumores Odontogênicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores Odontogênicos/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 12(10): e1005-e1010, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33154804

RESUMO

Peripheral odontogenic keratocyst (POKC) is a rare soft tissue entity showing the same histological characteristics of odontogenic keratocyst. Herein, we report two cases of POKC affecting the gingiva/alveolar mucosa. Case 1. A 43-year-old female was referred for evaluation of a painless well-defined nodular, sessile, non-tender swelling in the right maxillary buccal gingiva. No radiological alterations were observed. The patient was submitted to excisional biopsy and histological diagnosis was POKC. There were no signs of local recurrence after a 4-year follow-up. Case 2. A 63-year-old female was referred for evaluation of a painless well-defined nodular, sessile, yellowish swelling in the anterior mandibular alveolar mucosa. No radiological alterations were observed. The patient was submitted to excisional biopsy and histological diagnosis was POKC. Patient recovery was uneventful but she did not return for follow-up. POKC should be considered in the differential diagnosis of gingival cystic swellings and can be managed through conservative surgery. Key words:Odontogenic keratocyst, peripheral, gingiva, alveolar mucosa.

16.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 25(6): e728-e731, nov. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-197179

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral melanomas have some histopathological resemblance with its cutaneous counterpart; howev-er, an aggressive behavior is more common in tumors that occur in the oral cavity. Several markers have been suggested as indicative of tumoral progression and aggressiveness, such as cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and Ki67. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, we have compared the expression of COX-2 and Ki67 in a series of amelanotic (n = 7) and melanotic oral melanomas (n = 22). The cases were selected from 4 pathology laboratories and sub-mitted to the immunohistochemical (IHC) reactions. We analyzed the IHC staining based on a qualitative - using visual scores; and a computer-assisted method (quantitative) using scanned slides and software for digital analysis. RESULTS: COX-2 was expressed in all oral melanomas; however, its intensity was significantly higher in the amelanotic ones (P < 0.001). Similarly, a high Ki67-positivity index was observed in the amelanotic than melanotic ones (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Based on these results, we suggest that amelanotic oral melanomas have marked pro-inflammatory and high-proliferative phenotype, justifying their more aggressive behavior compared with the melanotic ones


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Melanoma/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/análise , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Imuno-Histoquímica , Inclusão em Parafina , Carga Tumoral , Melanoma Amelanótico/patologia
17.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 49(8): 796-802, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32492752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brown tumors are giant cell-rich lesions that result from abnormal bone metabolism in hyperparathyroidism, one of the most common endocrine disorders worldwide. Brown tumors occasionally affect the jaws and, despite well-known clinical and microscopic features, their molecular pathogenesis remains unclear. We investigated the presence of pathogenic activating mutations in TRPV4, FGFR1, and KRAS in a cohort of brown tumors since these have recently been reported in giant-cell lesions of the jaws and non-ossifying fibromas of the bones (FGFR1 and KRAS), which are histologic mimics of brown tumors. METHODS: We target sequenced 13 brown tumors of the jaws associated with primary or secondary hyperparathyroidism. As mutations in these genes are known to activate the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway, we also assessed the immunostaining of the phosphorylated form of ERK1/2 (pERK1/2) in these lesions. RESULTS: KRAS pathogenic mutations were detected in seven cases (p.G12V n = 4, p.G12D n = 1, p.G13D n = 1, p.A146T n = 1). KRAS variants of unknown significance (VUS), p.A134T and p.E37K, were also detected. All samples showed wild-type sequences for FGFR1 and TRPV4 genes. The activation of the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway was demonstrated by pERK1/2 immunohistochemical positivity of the brown tumors´ mononuclear cells. CONCLUSION: Mutations in KRAS and activation of the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway were detected in brown tumors of hyperparathyroidism of the jaws, expanding the spectrum of giant cell lesions whose molecular pathogenesis involve RAS signaling.


Assuntos
Hiperparatireoidismo , Neoplasias Maxilomandibulares , Humanos , Hiperparatireoidismo/genética , Arcada Osseodentária , Neoplasias Maxilomandibulares/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32482537

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the clinicopathologic features of a series of gnathic epithelioid osteoblastomas. As high levels of Proto-oncogene c-Fos proteins resulting from FOS-FOSB translocation were recently demonstrated in osteoblastomas, we also evaluated the immunoexpression of these proteins. STUDY DESIGN: Records of all cases of epithelioid osteoblastoma of the jaws were retrieved from oral pathology services, and their clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical data were collected. Immunohistochemistry was also performed by using anti-FOS and anti-FOSB antibodies. RESULTS: Six cases of epithelioid osteoblastomas were obtained, 4 in men and 2 in women, and they were mainly located in the posterior body of the mandible (n = 4). Radiographically, the tumors showed mixed radiolucent and radiopaque images, most with poorly defined margins. Microscopically, large epithelioid cells with eccentrically located nuclei predominated among osteoid and immature bone trabeculae. Sharp delineation from adjacent normal bone was observed in all cases. FOS immunostaining was diffuse and strong in the cytoplasm and nucleus of neoplastic cells in all cases, whereas FOSB was only focally positive, with few epithelioid osteoblasts showing nuclear staining. CONCLUSIONS: Although epithelioid osteoblastomas of the jaws are locally aggressive, widespread metastasis does not occur, and, as with conventional osteoblastomas, there is wide expression of the FOS protein.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Osteoblastoma , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos
19.
Medisan ; 24(3)mayo.-jun. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1125129

RESUMO

El análisis de los movimientos oculares permite diagnosticar enfermedades neurodegenerativas, neuropsiquiátricas y neurooftalmológicas, entre otras, que afectan el desempeño social del individuo. En este análisis ha tomado auge mundial el empleo de la videoculografía, por su simplicidad estructural, exactitud y factibilidad económica a largo plazo. Al respecto, el objetivo de la actual investigación fue desarrollar y evaluar un sistema de estimulación visual y registro de los movimientos oculares. El sistema en cuestión permitió obtener imágenes oculares con buena resolución (2 megapíxeles), nitidez y contraste que facilitaron su posterior procesamiento. De igual modo, las pruebas de estimulación mediante el uso de patrones sacádicos con amplitudes entre 30º y 60º a la frecuencia de 0,5 Hz permitieron obtener con suficiente calidad las imágenes registradas y verificar que los movimientos oculares del centro de la pupila siguen fielmente a dichos patrones.


The analysis of eye movements allows to diagnose neurodegenerative, neuropsychiatric and neuroophthalmologic diseases, among other that affect the individual social performance. In this analysis the use of videoculography is gaining in importance worldwide, due to its structural simplicity, precision and long term economic feasibility. In this respect, the objective of this investigation was to develop and evaluate a system of visual stimulation and record of the eye movements. The system in question allowed to obtain ocular images with good resolution (2 megapixels), clarity and contrast that facilitated its later processing. In a same way, the tests of stimulation by means of the sacadic patterns use with amplitudes between 30º and 60º to the 0,5Hz frequency allowed to obtain with enough quality the images recorded and to verify that the eye movements of the pupil center follow these patterns very closely.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Medições dos Movimentos Oculares , Espectrofotometria Infravermelho
20.
Head Neck Pathol ; 14(4): 1001-1012, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32462279

RESUMO

Lymphoepithelial carcinoma of salivary glands (LECSG) are rare neoplasms, reported in endemic populations (southeastern Chinese) with a strong Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) association. A retrospective series comparing EBV status within an ethnically diverse population (endemic vs. non-endemic patients) has not been reported. Sixteen LECSG were equally distributed between males (n = 8) and females (n = 8) with a median age of 54 years (range 18 to 85 years) at initial diagnosis. Ten patients were white, 4 Asian, and 2 black. The patients typically presented with swelling or mass for an average of 11.6 months. Tumors affected only major salivary glands: parotid (n = 13); submandibular (n = 3). Tumors were an average of 2.9 cm (range 1.5 to 5.8 cm). Nine of 16 (56%) patients had cervical lymph node metastases at presentation. No patients had nasopharyngeal or oropharyngeal tumors. Microscopically, the tumors were widely infiltrative, characterized by large polygonal to spindled cells arranged in a syncytial, lattice-like network in a background of lymphoplasmacytic cells. The neoplastic cells showed an open-vesicular nuclear chromatin to a more basaloid-morphology, the latter showing hyperchromatic nuclei and less cytoplasm, while nearly all of the cases had associated lymphoepithelial lesions/sialadenitis. By in situ hybridization, 8 of 16 cases had a strong, diffuse EBER expression (4 of 4 Asians; 4 of 12 non-Asians), while with immunohistochemistry all cases tested were pan-cytokeratin, CK5/6 and p63 reactive; none of the cases tested were p16 reactive. All patients were managed with wide or radical excision, 4 with concurrent chemoradiation, and 6 with radiation alone. Distant metastasis (lung, brain, and bone) developed in 2 patients. Overall follow-up (mean 3.8 years) revealed 12 patients alive and 2 dead, none with evidence of disease (mean 4.3 years); one white male alive with disease at 1.9 years, and one Asian female dead of disease at 4.2 years; both of these latter patients had Group IV stage disease. High stage (Group IV) patients had a shorter mean survival than lower stage patients: 3.1 versus 4.8 years, respectively. In conclusion, LECSG are uncommon primary neoplasms. Concurrent lymphoepithelial lesions may help suggest a primary tumor. The tumors, irrespective of race or ethnicity, may express EBER. There is an overall good survival, perhaps better for EBV-negative patients and for those with lower stage disease.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/epidemiologia , Carcinoma/virologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/epidemiologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , América Central/epidemiologia , Doenças Endêmicas , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...