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1.
J Card Fail ; 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785403

RESUMO

Protein pool turnover is a critically important cellular homeostatic component, yet it has been little explored in the context of heart failure (HF) pathophysiology. We employed in vivo 2H labeling/ proteome dynamics for non-biased discovery of turnover alterations involving functionally linked cardiac and plasma proteins in canine tachypacing-induced HF, an established preclinical model of dilated cardiomyopathy. Compared to control, dogs with congestive HF displayed bidirectional turnover changes of 28 cardiac proteins, i.e. reduced half-life of several key enzymes involved in glycolysis, homocysteine metabolism and glycogenesis, and increased half-life of proteins involved in proteolysis. Changes in plasma proteins were more modest: only 5 proteins, involved in various functions including proteolysis inhibition, hemoglobin, calcium and ferric-iron binding, displayed increased or decreased turnover rates. In other dogs undergoing cardiac tachypacing, we infused for 2 weeks the myokine Follistatin-like protein 1 (FSTL1), known for its ameliorative effects on HF-induced alterations. Proteome dynamics proved very sensitive in detecting the partial or complete prevention, by FSTL1, of cardiac and plasma protein turnover alterations. In conclusion, our study unveiled, for the first time in a large mammal, numerous HF-related alterations that may serve as the basis for future mechanistic research and/or as conceptually new molecular markers.

2.
Chemistry ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634149

RESUMO

Organic materials with multiple emissions tunable by external stimuli represent a great challenge. TTPyr, crystallizing in different polymorphs, shows a very rich photophyisics comprising excitation-dependent fluorescence and phosphorescence at ambient conditions, and mechanochromic and thermochromic behavior. Transformation among the different species has been followed by thermal and X-ray diffraction analyses and the emissive features interpreted through structural results and DFT/TDDFT calculations. Particularly intriguing is the polymorph TTPyr(HT), serendipitously obtained at high temperature but stable also at room temperature, whose non-centrosymmetric structure guarantees an SHG efficiency 10 times higher than that of standard urea. Its crystal packing, where only the TT units are strongly rigidified by π-π stacking interactions while the Pyr moieties possess partial conformational freedom, is responsible for the observed dual fluorescence. The potentialities of TTPyr for bioimaging have been successfully established.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 59(22): 16421-16429, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119298

RESUMO

Anion recognition by neutral hosts that function in aqueous solution is an emerging area of interest in supramolecular chemistry. The design of neutral architectures for anion recognition still remains a challenge. Among neutral anion receptor systems, urea and its derivatives are considered as "privileged groups" in supramolecular anion recognition, since they have two proximate polarized N-H bonds exploitable for anion recognition. Despite promising advancements in urea-based structures, the strong hydrogen bond drives detrimental self-association. Therefore, immobilizing urea fragments onto the rigid structures of a metal-organic framework (MOF) would prevent this self-association and promote hydrogen-bond-accepting substrate recognition. With this aim, we have synthesized two new urea-containing metal-organic frameworks, namely [Zn(bpdc)(L2)]n·nDMF (TMU-67) and [Zn2(bdc)2(L2)2]n·2nDMF (TMU-68) (bpdc = biphenyl-4,4'-dicarboxylate; bdc = terephthalate; L2 = 1,3-bis(pyridin-4-yl)urea), and we have assessed their recognition ability toward different anions in water. The two MOFs show good water stability and anion affinity, with a particular selectivity toward dihydrogen arsenate for TMU-67 and toward fluoride for TMU-68. Crystal structure characterizations reveal 3-fold and 2-fold interpenetrated 3D networks for TMU-67 and TMU-68, respectively, where all single interpenetrated networks are hydrogen bonded to each other in both cases. Despite the absence of self-quenching, the N-H urea bonds are tightly hydrogen bonded to the oxygen atoms of the dicarboxylate ligands and cannot be directly involved in the recognition process. The good performance in anion sensing and selectivity of the two MOFs can be ascribed to the network interpenetration that, shaping the void, creates monodimensional channels, decorated by exposed oxygen atom sites selective for arsenate sensing in TMU-67 and isolated cavities, covered by phenyl groups selective for fluoride recognition in TMU-68.

4.
Exp Gerontol ; 133: 110879, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061643

RESUMO

Osteopontin (OPN), a novel hepatic damage marker, as well as several non-coding RNA seem to be associated with liver aging, a little studied and not yet defined process. The aim of the study was to evaluate the expression variations of OPN and miRNA-181a, the transcriptional profiling of long non coding (lnc) RNA GAS-5/miRNA-222 axis and lncRNA NEAT-1 in liver tissue of rats. In addition, to monitor the senescence process, the telomere shortening and TERT/TERC gene expression were also measured. Three groups of male Wistar rats were studied: A (n = 6, young); B (n = 13, adult); C (n = 10, old). Total RNA, including miRNAs, was extracted from liver and analysed by Real-Time PCR. Ultrasound and biochemical evaluation were performed in all rats as well as the histological analysis. OPN mRNA resulted lower in C with respect to A and B while miRNA-181a expression was significantly increased as a function of age. An increasing of both NEAT-1 and miRNA-222 expression as a function of age in parallel with a decreasing of GAS-5 expression in young and old rats, but not in the adults, was observed. A positive correlation was detected between miRNA-181a and miRNA-222. The hepatic ultrasound analysis revealed areas of hyperechogenicity distributed as a function of age. A significant telomere shortening was measured as a function of age while the two subunits TERT and TERC expressions showed an opposite trend. This work could provide a valid starting point to better understand the physiopathological changes during aging, pinpointing in the OPN/miRNA-181a axis significant predictors of successful aging.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Fígado , MicroRNAs , Osteopontina/genética , Animais , Biomarcadores , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
5.
Peptides ; 123: 170173, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629715

RESUMO

Chronological age is considered one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease and mortality. The study aimed to evaluate the transcriptional levels of the natriuretic peptides (NP), endothelin (ET)-1, adrenomedullin (ADM), their receptors and long non-coding (Lnc) RNA MIAT, MALAT-1, CARMEN and XIST in rat cardiac tissue as cardiovascular biomarkers of aging. Three groups of male Wistar rats were studied: A (n = 6; young), B (n = 13; adult), C (n = 10; old). Total RNA was extracted from left ventricle and analyzed by Real-Time PCR. Echocardiographic and histological analyses were performed. A significant increase of Atrial NP (ANP) and Brain NP (BNP) mRNA was observed in C while C-type NP (CNP) remained in a steady-state in B and C; ET-1 mRNA increased significantly as a function of age. Any difference was observed for NP receptors. ETA expression was statistically lower in B than A while ETB were similar in all the three groups. The ADM showed an opposite trend to that of the other peptides decreasing significantly as a function of age and presenting a counter-regulation of calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CLR) and receptor activity modifying protein (RAMP)-2. LncRNA transcripts decreased significantly as a function of age except for XIST. ADM and LncRNA trend suggest that the animals are subjected to "successful aging" as also confirmed by histological analysis. Applying a multivariate logistic regression analysis, only LnANP (p = 0.003) and LnADM (p = 0.023) resulted significantly associated with aging identifying them, for the first time, as independent markers of aging. The study underlining the importance of a multi-label biomolecular approach in the evaluation of aging.


Assuntos
Adrenomedulina/biossíntese , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Endotelina-1/biossíntese , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Peptídeos Natriuréticos/biossíntese , RNA Longo não Codificante/biossíntese , Receptores de Peptídeos/biossíntese , Transcrição Genética , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
6.
Nature ; 569(7756): 418-422, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31068698

RESUMO

Prompt coronary catheterization and revascularization have markedly improved the outcomes of myocardial infarction, but have also resulted in a growing number of surviving patients with permanent structural damage of the heart, which frequently leads to heart failure. There is an unmet clinical need for treatments for this condition1, particularly given the inability of cardiomyocytes to replicate and thereby regenerate the lost contractile tissue2. Here we show that expression of human microRNA-199a in infarcted pig hearts can stimulate cardiac repair. One month after myocardial infarction and delivery of this microRNA through an adeno-associated viral vector, treated animals showed marked improvements in both global and regional contractility, increased muscle mass and reduced scar size. These functional and morphological findings correlated with cardiomyocyte de-differentiation and proliferation. However, subsequent persistent and uncontrolled expression of the microRNA resulted in sudden arrhythmic death of most of the treated pigs. Such events were concurrent with myocardial infiltration of proliferating cells displaying a poorly differentiated myoblastic phenotype. These results show that achieving cardiac repair through the stimulation of endogenous cardiomyocyte proliferation is attainable in large mammals, however dosage of this therapy needs to be tightly controlled.


Assuntos
Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , MicroRNAs/efeitos adversos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Sus scrofa/genética , Animais , Proliferação de Células/genética , Coração/fisiologia , Coração/fisiopatologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/administração & dosagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Regeneração/genética
7.
Vet Sci ; 6(1)2019 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30845635

RESUMO

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a myocardial disease of dogs and humans characterized by progressive ventricular dilation and depressed contractility and it is a frequent cause of heart failure. Conventional pharmacological therapy cannot reverse the progression of the disease and, in humans, cardiac transplantation remains the only option during the final stages of heart failure. Cytoprotective gene therapy with vascular endothelial growth factor-B167 (VEGF-B167) has proved an effective alternative therapy, halting the progression of the disease in experimental studies on dogs. The aim of this work was to test the tolerability and feasibility of intracoronary administration, under fluoroscopic guidance, of VEGF-B167 carried by adeno-associated viral vectors in canine DCM patients. Ten patients underwent the gene delivery procedure. The intraoperative phase was well tolerated by all dogs. Clinical and echocardiographic assessments at 7- and 30-days post-procedure showed stable conditions compared to the pre-procedure phase. The results of this work indicate that intracoronary VEGF-B167 gene delivery is feasible and tolerated in dogs with DCM. Further monitoring/investigations are ongoing to evaluate the effects of this therapy on disease progression.

8.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 56(51): 16302-16307, 2017 12 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29106768

RESUMO

The performance of solid luminogens depends on both their inherent electronic properties and their packing status. Intermolecular interactions have been exploited to achieve persistent room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) from organic molecules. However, the design of organic materials with bright RTP and the rationalization of the role of interchromophoric electronic coupling remain challenging tasks. Cyclic triimidazole has been shown to be a promising scaffold for such purposes owing to its crystallization-induced room-temperature ultralong phosphorescence (RTUP), which has been associated with H-aggregation. Herein, we report three triimidazole derivatives as significant examples of multifaceted emission. In particular, dual fluorescence, RTUP, and phosphorescence from the molecular and supramolecular units were observed. H-aggregation is responsible for the red RTUP, and Br substituents favor yellow molecular phosphorescence while halogen-bonded Br⋅⋅⋅Br tetrameric units are involved in the blue-green phosphorescence.

9.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(28): 18383-18388, 2017 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28678283

RESUMO

A theoretical investigation of bond lengths and bond energies for several kinds of halogen bonding interactions is carried out using the PIXEL method. The effect of different kinds of activating agents, fluoro-, nitro-, ethynyl substitution and combinations thereof, is assessed quantitatively, and is found to be fully consistent with the results of literature screenings of the corresponding strengths, as judged by the ease of formation of cocrystals. In the best combination of activators the halogen bond is comparable or superior to a strong O-HO hydrogen bond in what concerns stabilization energies and stretching force constants. At least with iodine acceptors, in our picture the halogen-bonding effect is a localized interaction arising from the detail of the electron distribution at the halogen atom, mainly of a Coulombic-polarization nature but with dispersion energies contributing significantly. Binding energies correlate with the electrostatic potential at the tip of the halogen and even with Mulliken population analysis atomic charges, providing easily accessible guidelines for crystal engineers. For one typical cocrystal structure the analysis of separate molecule-molecule energies reveals the nature of the packing forces and rank halogen bonding as the main influence, closely followed by coplanar stacking of coformers.

10.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 8(8): 1894-1898, 2017 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28388077

RESUMO

Solid-state luminescent materials with long lifetimes are the subject of ever-growing interest from both a scientific and a technological point of view. However, when dealing with organic compounds, the achievement of highly efficient materials is limited by aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) phenomena on one side and by ultrafast deactivation of the excited states on the other. Here, we report on a simple organic molecule, namely, cyclic triimidazole (C9H6N6), 1, showing crystallization-induced emissive (CIE) behavior and, in particular, ultralong phosphorescence due to strong coupling in H-aggregated molecules. Our experimental data reveal that luminescence lifetimes up to 1 s, which are several orders of magnitude longer than those of conventional organic fluorophores, can be realized under ambient conditions, thus expanding the class of organic materials for phosphorescence applications.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 56(3): 1446-1454, 2017 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28085264

RESUMO

Urea groups are known to form strong hydrogen bonds with molecules containing atom(s) that can act as hydrogen bond acceptor(s). Thus, urea is a particularly interesting building block for designing receptors for neutral or charged guests. In the quest for new sensors with enhanced performance for the detection of nitro-substituted compounds, two pillared metal-organic frameworks containing urea functional groups were synthesized and structurally characterized. The sensing properties of these frameworks toward nitro-analytes were investigated and compared to each other. The study clearly reveals the importance of urea groups orientation inside the pore cavity of MOFs, as well as the supramolecular interactions between the interpenetrated networks. This work is interesting as it represents the first example of urea-functionalized MOFs for nitro-analytes recognition.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 133(27): 10512-22, 2011 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21671624

RESUMO

Selective synthetic routes to coordination polymers [Cu(bpy)(2)(OTf)(2)](n) (bpy = 4,4'-bipyridine, OTf = trifluoromethanesulfonate) with 2- and 3-dimensionalities of the frameworks were established by properly choosing each different solvent-solution system. They show a quite similar local coordination environment around the Cu(II) centers, but these assemble in a different way leading to the 2D and 3D building-up structures. Although the two kinds of porous coordination polymers (PCPs) both have flexible frameworks, the 2D shows more marked flexibility than the 3D, giving rise to different flexibility-associated gas adsorption behaviors. All adsorption isotherms for N(2), CO(2), and Ar on the 3D PCP are of type I, whereas the 2D PCP has stepwise gas adsorption isotherms, also for CH(4) and water, in addition to these gases. The 3D structure, having hydrophilic and hydrophobic pores, shows the size-selective and quadrupole-surface electrical field interaction dependent adsorption. Remarkably, the 2D structure can accommodate greater amounts of gas molecules than that corresponding to the inherent crystallographic void volume through framework structural changes. In alcohol adsorption isotherms, however, the 2D PCP changes its framework structure through the guest accommodation, leading to no stepwise adsorption isotherms. The structural diversity of the 2D PCP stems from the breathing phenomenon and expansion/shrinkage modulation.

14.
Chemistry ; 16(41): 12328-41, 2010 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20938934

RESUMO

The modular engineering of heterometallic nanoporous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) based on novel tris-chelate metalloligands, prepared using the functionalised ß-diketone 1,3-bis(4'-cyanophenyl)-1,3-propanedione (HL), is described. The complexes [M(III)L(3)] (M=Fe(3+), Co(3+)) and [M(II)L(3)](NEt(4)) (M=Mn(2+), Co(2+), Zn(2+), Cd(2+)) have been synthesised and characterised, all of which exhibit a distorted octahedral chiral structure. The presence of six exo-oriented cyano donor groups on each complex makes it a suitable building block for networking through interactions with external metal ions. We have prepared two families of MOFs by reacting the metalloligands [M(III)L(3)] and [M(II)L(3)](-) with many silver salts AgX (X=NO(3)(-), BF(4)(-), PF(6)(-), AsF(6)(-), SbF(6)(-), CF(3)SO(3)(-), tosylate), specifically the [M(III)L(3)Ag(3)]X(3)·Solv and [M(II)L(3)Ag(3)]X(2)·Solv network species. Very interestingly, all of these network species exhibit the same type of 3D structure and crystallise in the same trigonal space group with similar cell parameters, in spite of the different metal ions, ionic charges and X(-) counteranions of the silver salts. We have also succeeded in synthesising trimetallic species such as [Zn(x)Fe(y)L(3)Ag(3)](ClO(4))((2x+3y))·Solv and [Zn(x)Cd(y)L(3)Ag(3)](ClO(4))(2)·Solv (with x+y=1). All of the frameworks can be described as sixfold interpenetrated pcu nets, considering the Ag(+) ions as simple digonal spacers. Each individual net is homochiral, containing only Δ or Λ nodes; the whole array contains three nets of type Δ and three nets of type Λ. Otherwise, taking into account the presence of weak Ag-C σ bonds involving the central carbon atoms of the ß-diketonate ligands of adjacent nets, the six interpenetrating pcu networks are joined into a unique non-interpenetrated six-connected frame with the rare acs topology. The networks contain large parallel channels of approximate hexagonal-shaped sections that represent 37-48% of the cell volume and include the anions and many guest solvent molecules. The guest solvent molecules can be reversibly removed by thermal activation with retention of the framework structure, which proved to be stable up to about 270°C, as confirmed by TGA and powder XRD monitoring. The anions could be easily exchanged in single-crystal to single-crystal processes, thereby allowing the insertion of selected anions into the framework channels.

16.
J Phys Chem B ; 110(51): 25565-7, 2006 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17181185

RESUMO

One-dimensional metal-organic compounds with cis, trans symmetry-controlled counter anions were synthesized (cis compound {[Cu(azpy)(H2O)2(OTs)2]*2H2O*(acetone)} (1) and trans compound {[Cu(H2O)4Cu(azpy)2(OTs)2(H2O)2]*2(OTs)*2H2O*2EtOH} (2)). Only 2, having trans conformation, exhibited a complete structure-restoration effect with a mechanism involving layering of molecular "bricks" of water and solvent molecules.

18.
Chemistry ; 11(1): 271-9, 2004 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15551321

RESUMO

We introduce a new approach to crystal-packing analysis, based on the study of mutual recognition modes of entire molecules or of molecular moieties, rather than a search for selected atom-atom contacts, and on the study of crystal energy landscapes over many computer-generated polymorphs, rather than a quest for the one most stable crystal structure. The computational tools for this task are a polymorph generator and the PIXEL density sums method for the calculation of intermolecular energies. From this perspective, the molecular recognition, crystal packing, and solid-state phase behavior of caffeine and several methylxanthines (purine-2,6-diones) have been analyzed. Many possible crystal structures for anhydrous caffeine have been generated by computer simulation, and the most stable among them is a thermodynamic, ordered equivalent of the disordered phase, revealed by powder X-ray crystallography. Molecular recognition energies between two caffeine molecules or between caffeine and water have been calculated, and the results reveal the largely predominant mode to be the stacking of parallel caffeine molecules, an intermediately favorable caffeine-water interaction, and many other equivalent energy minima for lateral interactions of much less stabilization power. This last indetermination helps to explain why caffeine does not crystallize easily into an ordered anhydrous structure. In contrast, the mono- and dimethylxanthines (theophylline, theobromine, and the 1,7-isomer, for which we present a single-crystal X-ray study and a lattice energy landscape) do crystallize in anhydrous form thanks to the formation of lateral hydrogen bonds.


Assuntos
Cafeína/química , Xantinas/química , Cristalografia por Raios X/métodos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Termodinâmica , Difração de Raios X/métodos
19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; (16): 1876-7, 2004 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15306928

RESUMO

The self-assembly based on 2D motifs with side arms leads to the formation of a new type of polythreaded network which exhibits a 2-fold interpenetrated 3D array if H-bonds are taken into account.

20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; (4): 380-1, 2004 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14765218

RESUMO

Co(II) sulfate reacts with the flexible ligand 1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene (bix) to yield the coordination network [Co(bix)2(H2O)2](SO4).7H2O, containing polymeric ribbons of rings which penetrate and catenate a 3D single frame of the CdSO4 topology, to produce an open-channel entangled architecture with nanoporous behaviour.

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