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1.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 7(4)2018 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29444774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Considering the limited accuracy of clinical examination for early diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease (RHD), echocardiography has emerged as an important epidemiological tool. The ideal setting for screening is yet to be defined. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and pattern of latent RHD in schoolchildren (aged 5-18 years) and to compare effectiveness of screening between public schools, private schools, and primary care centers in Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHODS AND RESULTS: The PROVAR (Rheumatic Valve Disease Screening Program) study uses nonexperts and portable and handheld devices for RHD echocardiographic screening, with remote interpretation by telemedicine, according to the 2012 World Heart Federation criteria. Compliance with study consent and prevalence were compared between different screening settings, and variables associated with RHD were analyzed. In 26 months, 12 048 students were screened in 52 public schools (n=10 901), 2 private schools (n=589), and 3 primary care centers (n=558). Median age was 12.9 years, and 55.4% were girls. Overall RHD prevalence was 4.0% borderline (n=486) and 0.5% definite (n=63), with statistically similar rates between public schools (4.6%), private schools (3.5%), and primary care centers (4.8%) (P=0.24). The percentage of informed consents signed was higher in primary care centers (84.4%) and private schools (66.9%) compared with public schools (38.7%) (P<0.001). Prevalence was higher in children ≥12 years (5.3% versus 3.1%; P<0.001) and girls (4.9% versus 4.0%; P=0.02). Only age (odds ratio, 1.12; 95% confidence interval, 1.09-1.17; P<0.001) was independently associated with RHD. CONCLUSIONS: RHD screening in primary care centers seems to achieve higher coverage rates. Prevalence among schoolchildren is significantly high, with rates higher than expected in private schools of high-income areas. These data are important for the formulation of public policies to confront RHD.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Setor Privado , Setor Público , Cardiopatia Reumática/epidemiologia , Serviços de Saúde Escolar
2.
Int J Cardiol ; 219: 439-45, 2016 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27372607

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate estimates of Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) burden are needed to justify improved integration of RHD prevention and screening into the public health systems, but data from Latin America are still sparse. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of RHD among socioeconomically disadvantaged youth (5-18years) in Brazil and examine risk factors for the disease. METHODS: The PROVAR program utilizes non-expert screeners, telemedicine, and handheld and standard portable echocardiography to conduct echocardiographic screening in socioeconomically disadvantaged schools in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Cardiologists in the US and Brazil provide expert interpretation according to the 2012 World Heart Federation Guidelines. Here we report prevalence data from the first 14months of screening, and examine risk factors for RHD. RESULTS: 5996 students were screened across 21 schools. Median age was 11.9 [9.0/15.0] years, 59% females. RHD prevalence was 42/1000 (n=251): 37/1000 borderline (n=221) and 5/1000 definite (n=30). Pathologic mitral regurgitation was observed in 203 (80.9%), pathologic aortic regurgitation in 38 (15.1%), and mixed mitral/aortic valve disease in 10 (4.0%) children. Older children had higher prevalence (50/1000 vs. 28/1000, p<0.001), but no difference was observed between northern (lower resourced) and central areas (34/1000 vs. 44/1000, p=0.31). Females had higher prevalence (48/1000 vs. 35/1000, p=0.016). Age (OR=1.15, 95% CI:1.10-1.21, p<0.001) was the only variable independently associated with RHD findings. CONCLUSIONS: RHD continues to be an important and under recognized condition among socioeconomically disadvantaged Brazilian schoolchildren. Our data adds to the compelling case for renewed investment in RHD prevention and early detection in Latin America.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia/economia , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatia Reumática/economia , Classe Social , Estudantes , Populações Vulneráveis , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Cardiopatia Reumática/epidemiologia , Telemedicina/economia , Telemedicina/tendências
3.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 69(10): 666-71, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25518017

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cardiology referral is common for patients admitted for non-cardiac diseases. Recommendations from cardiologists may involve complex and aggressive treatments that could be ignored or denied by other physicians. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients who were given recommendations during cardiology referrals and to examine the clinical outcomes of patients who did not follow the recommendations. METHODS: We enrolled 589 consecutive patients who received in-hospital cardiology consultations. Data on recommendations, implementation of suggestions and outcomes were collected. RESULTS: Regarding adherence of the referring service to the recommendations, 77% of patients were classified in the adherence group and 23% were classified in the non-adherence group. Membership in the non-adherence group (p<0.001; odds ratio: 10.25; 95% CI: 4.45-23.62) and advanced age (p = 0.017; OR: 1.04; 95% CI: 1.01-1.07) were associated with unfavorable outcomes. Multivariate analysis identified four independent predictors of adherence to recommendations: follow-up notes in the medical chart (p<0.001; OR: 2.43; 95% CI: 1.48-4.01); verbal reinforcement (p = 0.001; OR: 1.86; 95% CI: 1.23-2.81); a small number of recommendation (p = 0.001; OR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.80-0.94); and a younger patient age (p = 0.002; OR: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.96-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: Poor adherence to cardiology referral recommendations was associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes. Follow-up notes in the medical chart, verbal reinforcement, a limited number of recommendations and a patient age were associated with greater adherence to recommendations.


Assuntos
Cardiologia/normas , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Clinics ; 69(10): 666-671, 10/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-730466

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cardiology referral is common for patients admitted for non-cardiac diseases. Recommendations from cardiologists may involve complex and aggressive treatments that could be ignored or denied by other physicians. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients who were given recommendations during cardiology referrals and to examine the clinical outcomes of patients who did not follow the recommendations. METHODS: We enrolled 589 consecutive patients who received in-hospital cardiology consultations. Data on recommendations, implementation of suggestions and outcomes were collected. RESULTS: Regarding adherence of the referring service to the recommendations, 77% of patients were classified in the adherence group and 23% were classified in the non-adherence group. Membership in the non-adherence group (p<0.001; odds ratio: 10.25; 95% CI: 4.45-23.62) and advanced age (p = 0.017; OR: 1.04; 95% CI: 1.01-1.07) were associated with unfavorable outcomes. Multivariate analysis identified four independent predictors of adherence to recommendations: follow-up notes in the medical chart (p<0.001; OR: 2.43; 95% CI: 1.48-4.01); verbal reinforcement (p = 0.001; OR: 1.86; 95% CI: 1.23-2.81); a small number of recommendation (p = 0.001; OR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.80-0.94); and a younger patient age (p = 0.002; OR: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.96-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: Poor adherence to cardiology referral recommendations was associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes. Follow-up notes in the medical chart, verbal reinforcement, a limited number of recommendations and a patient age were associated with greater adherence to recommendations. .


Assuntos
Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cardiologia/normas , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Modelos Logísticos , Razão de Chances , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 58(4): 505-12, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22930033

RESUMO

When dealing with surgical patients, a perioperative evaluation is essential to anticipate complications and institute measures to reduce the risks. Several algorithms and exams have been used to identify postoperative cardiovascular events, which account for more than 50% of perioperative mortality. However, they are far from ideal. Some of these algorithms and exams were proposed before important advances in cardiology, at a time when pharmacological risk reduction strategies for surgical patients were not available. New biomarkers and exams, such as C-reactive protein, brain natriuretic peptide, and multislice computed tomography have been used in cardiology and have provided important prognostic information. The ankle-brachial index is another significant marker of atherosclerosis. However, specific information regarding the perioperative context of all these methods is still needed. The objective of this article is to evaluate cardiovascular risk prediction models after noncardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Assistência Perioperatória/normas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Algoritmos , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Biomarcadores/análise , Humanos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/análise , Medição de Risco
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 58(4): 505-512, July-Aug. 2012. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-646896

RESUMO

When dealing with surgical patients, a perioperative evaluation is essential to anticipate complications and institute measures to reduce the risks. Several algorithms and exams have been used to identify postoperative cardiovascular events, which account for more than 50% of perioperative mortality. However, they are far from ideal. Some of these algorithms and exams were proposed before important advances in cardiology, at a time when pharmacological risk reduction strategies for surgical patients were not available. New biomarkers and exams, such as C-reactive protein, brain natriuretic peptide, and multislice computed tomography have been used in cardiology and have provided important prognostic information. The ankle-brachial index is another significant marker of atherosclerosis. However, specific information regarding the perioperative context of all these methods is still needed. The objective of this article is to evaluate cardiovascular risk prediction models after noncardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Humanos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Assistência Perioperatória/normas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Algoritmos , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Biomarcadores/análise , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/análise , Medição de Risco
9.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 275(5): 321-30, 2007 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17219164

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide a review in the available literature about the safe fertility-preserving management in gynecological malignancies, focusing on the selection criteria of the patients, treatment options and follow-up. DESIGN: Literature survey. RESULTS: The incidence of cancer in women who still want to get pregnant is increasing significantly. An early detection in gynecological malignancies allows less aggressive approaches to cure such disorders. A more conservative management, which preserves fertility, is considered safe and an option for those who have not completed their child-bearing. CONCLUSIONS: Selected patients with cervical, endometrial and ovarian cancer may be candidates to a safe fertility-preserving management. A careful stage and follow-up of the patients is essential to achieve success with this practice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/complicações , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/terapia , Infertilidade Feminina/prevenção & controle , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Gravidez , Radioterapia Adjuvante
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