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1.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4955, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672989

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease that shows one of the highest mortality rates among rheumatic diseases. We perform a large genome-wide association study (GWAS), and meta-analysis with previous GWASs, in 26,679 individuals and identify 27 independent genome-wide associated signals, including 13 new risk loci. The novel associations nearly double the number of genome-wide hits reported for SSc thus far. We define 95% credible sets of less than 5 likely causal variants in 12 loci. Additionally, we identify specific SSc subtype-associated signals. Functional analysis of high-priority variants shows the potential function of SSc signals, with the identification of 43 robust target genes through HiChIP. Our results point towards molecular pathways potentially involved in vasculopathy and fibrosis, two main hallmarks in SSc, and highlight the spectrum of critical cell types for the disease. This work supports a better understanding of the genetic basis of SSc and provides directions for future functional experiments.

2.
Immunol Invest ; 48(6): 585-596, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31044631

RESUMO

Inflammation plays a central role in the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis (AP). We hypothesized that changes in the function of key components of the inflammatory cascade, caused by genetic polymorphisms, could determine the development and/or severity of AP. We studied the following polymorphisms in 269 patients: IL23R rs11209026, TNF rs1800629, RIPK2 rs42490, NOD2 rs9302752, MCP1 rs1024611 and NFKB1 rs28362491. The rs11209026 A allele was related to the presence of AP (p = 0.007261; OR = 1 .523). Epistasis analysis revealed that AP susceptibility was increased by interaction between IL23R rs11209026 and TNF rs1800629 (p = 1.205 × 10-5; ORinteraction = 4.031). The rs42490-G allele was associated with an increased risk of severe pancreatitis (p = 0.01583; OR = 2.736), severe or moderately severe pancreatitis (p = 0.04206; OR = 1.609), and death (p = 0.03226; OR = 3.010). In conclusion, these results point to a plausible role for genetic polymorphisms in IL23R and RIPK2 in the development and severity of AP.

3.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2018 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30251476

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted to shed light into the genetic background influencing the development of cardiovascular (CV) disease in patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: After quality control and imputation, a total of 6,308,944 polymorphisms across the whole genome were analysed in 2,989 RA patients from European origin. Data on subclinical atherosclerosis, obtained by carotid ultrasonography through assessment of carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and presence/absence of carotid plaques, were available for 1,355 individuals. RESULTS: A genetic variant of the RARB gene (rs116199914) was associated with cIMT values at the genome-wide level of significance (minor allele (G): beta (ß) coefficient=0.142, P=1.86E-08). Interestingly, rs116199914 overlapped with regulatory elements in tissues related to CV pathophysiology and immune cells. In addition, biological pathway enrichment and predictive protein-protein relationship analyses, including suggestive GWAS signals of potential relevance, revealed a functional enrichment of the collagen biosynthesis network related to the presence/absence of carotid plaques (GO:0032964, PFDR =4.01E-03). Furthermore, our data suggest a potential influence of the previously described candidate CV risk loci NFKB1, MSRA and ZC3HC1 (P=8.12E-04, P=5.94E-04 and P=2.46E-04, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our study strongly suggests that genetic variation within RARB contributes to the development of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with RA. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Expert Opin Ther Targets ; 22(10): 879-891, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30251905

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: PTPN22 encodes a lymphoid-specific tyrosine phosphatase (LYP) that is a master regulator of the immune response. This gene is a major susceptibility factor for a wide range of autoimmune conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for which it represents the strongest non-HLA contributor to disease risk. A missense PTPN22 allele (R620W) affecting the protein-protein interaction of LYP with other relevant players was described as the functional variant of the association. This review will focus on the role of PTPN22 in the pathogenic mechanisms underlying RA predisposition and discuss the possibility of developing LYP-based treatment strategies with a potential application in clinical practice. Areas covered: This review covers the literature showing how PTPN22 is implicated in signalling pathways involved in the autoimmune and autoinflammatory processes underlying RA. Insights obtained from studies aimed at developing novel selective LYP suppressors for treating RA are summarized. Expert opinion: Targeting key risk factors during the early steps of the disease may represent a good strategy to accomplish complete disease remission. As cumulating evidences suggest that PTPN22 R620W is a gain-of-function variant, a growing interest in developing LYP inhibitors has arisen. The potential efficacy and possible application of such compounds are discussed.

6.
PLoS One ; 13(1): e0190591, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29304122

RESUMO

Tyrosine kinase 2 (TYK2) is a member of the Janus kinases family implicated in the signal transduction of type I interferons and several interleukins. It has been described that genetic mutations within TYK2 lead to multiple deleterious effects in the immune response. In this work, we have analyzed three functional independent variants from the frequency spectrum on the TYK2 gene (common and low-frequency variants) suggested to reduce the function of the gene in mediating cytokine signaling and the susceptibility to infections by Trypanosoma cruzi and/or the development of Chagas cardiomyopathy in the Colombian population. A total of 1,323 individuals from a Colombian endemic region for Chagas disease were enrolled in the study. They were classified as seronegative (n = 445), seropositive asymptomatic (n = 336), and chronic Chagas Cardiomyopathy subjects (n = 542). DNA samples were genotyped using TaqMan probes. Our results showed no statistically significant differences between the allelic frequencies of the three analyzed variants when seropositive and seronegative individuals were compared, therefore these variants were not associated with susceptibility to Chagas disease. Moreover, when Chagas cardiomyopathy patients were compared to asymptomatic patients, no significant associations were found. Previous reports highlighted the association of this gene in immune-related disorders under an autoimmunity context, but not predisposing patients to infectious diseases, which is consistent with our findings. Therefore, according to our results, TYK2 gene variants do not seem to play an important role in Chagas disease susceptibility and/or chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/genética , Doença de Chagas/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , TYK2 Quinase/genética , Adulto , Doença de Chagas/epidemiologia , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
7.
Autoimmun Rev ; 17(3): 301-315, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29353097

RESUMO

Immunoglobulin-A vasculitis (IgAV) is classically a childhood small-sized blood vessel vasculitis with predominant involvement of the skin. Gastrointestinal and joint manifestations are common in patients diagnosed with this condition. Nephritis, which is more severe in adults, constitutes the most feared complication of this vasculitis. The molecular bases underlying the origin of IgAV have not been completely elucidated. Nevertheless, several pieces of evidence support the claim that genes play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of this disease. The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region is, until now, the main genetic factor associated with IgAV pathogenesis. Besides a strong association with HLA class II alleles, specifically HLA-DRB1 alleles, HLA class I alleles also seem to influence on the predisposition of this disease. Other gene polymorphisms located outside the HLA region, including those coding cytokines, chemokines, adhesion molecules as well as those related to T-cells, aberrant glycosylation of IgA1, nitric oxide production, neoangiogenesis, renin-angiotensin system and lipid, Pyrin and homocysteine metabolism, may be implicated not only in the predisposition to IgAV but also in its severity. An update of the current knowledge of the genetic component associated with the pathogenesis of IgAV is detailed in this review.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulina A/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch/genética , Humanos , Imunoglobulina A/imunologia
8.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 5088, 2017 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28698626

RESUMO

The genetic component of Immunoglobulin-A (IgA) vasculitis is still far to be elucidated. To increase the current knowledge on the genetic component of this vasculitis we performed the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) on this condition. 308 IgA vasculitis patients and 1,018 healthy controls from Spain were genotyped by Illumina HumanCore BeadChips. Imputation of GWAS data was performed using the 1000 Genomes Project Phase III dataset as reference panel. After quality control filters and GWAS imputation, 285 patients and 1,006 controls remained in the datasets and were included in further analysis. Additionally, the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region was comprehensively studied by imputing classical alleles and polymorphic amino acid positions. A linkage disequilibrium block of polymorphisms located in the HLA class II region surpassed the genome-wide level of significance (OR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.46-0.68). Although no polymorphic amino acid positions were associated at the genome-wide level of significance, P-values of potential relevance were observed for the positions 13 and 11 of HLA-DRB1 (P = 6.67E-05, P = 1.88E-05, respectively). Outside the HLA, potential associations were detected, but none of them were close to the statistical significance. In conclusion, our study suggests that IgA vasculitis is an archetypal HLA class II disease.

10.
Sci Rep ; 7: 43953, 2017 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28277489

RESUMO

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) and Takayasu's arteritis (TAK) are major forms of large-vessel vasculitis (LVV) that share clinical features. To evaluate their genetic similarities, we analysed Immunochip genotyping data from 1,434 LVV patients and 3,814 unaffected controls. Genetic pleiotropy was also estimated. The HLA region harboured the main disease-specific associations. GCA was mostly associated with class II genes (HLA-DRB1/HLA-DQA1) whereas TAK was mostly associated with class I genes (HLA-B/MICA). Both the statistical significance and effect size of the HLA signals were considerably reduced in the cross-disease meta-analysis in comparison with the analysis of GCA and TAK separately. Consequently, no significant genetic correlation between these two diseases was observed when HLA variants were tested. Outside the HLA region, only one polymorphism located nearby the IL12B gene surpassed the study-wide significance threshold in the meta-analysis of the discovery datasets (rs755374, P = 7.54E-07; ORGCA = 1.19, ORTAK = 1.50). This marker was confirmed as novel GCA risk factor using four additional cohorts (PGCA = 5.52E-04, ORGCA = 1.16). Taken together, our results provide evidence of strong genetic differences between GCA and TAK in the HLA. Outside this region, common susceptibility factors were suggested, especially within the IL12B locus.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Arterite de Células Gigantes/genética , Antígenos HLA/genética , Arterite de Takayasu/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo Genético
11.
Am J Hum Genet ; 100(1): 64-74, 2017 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28041642

RESUMO

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common form of vasculitis in individuals older than 50 years in Western countries. To shed light onto the genetic background influencing susceptibility for GCA, we performed a genome-wide association screening in a well-powered study cohort. After imputation, 1,844,133 genetic variants were analyzed in 2,134 case subjects and 9,125 unaffected individuals from ten independent populations of European ancestry. Our data confirmed HLA class II as the strongest associated region (independent signals: rs9268905, p = 1.94 × 10-54, per-allele OR = 1.79; and rs9275592, p = 1.14 × 10-40, OR = 2.08). Additionally, PLG and P4HA2 were identified as GCA risk genes at the genome-wide level of significance (rs4252134, p = 1.23 × 10-10, OR = 1.28; and rs128738, p = 4.60 × 10-9, OR = 1.32, respectively). Interestingly, we observed that the association peaks overlapped with different regulatory elements related to cell types and tissues involved in the pathophysiology of GCA. PLG and P4HA2 are involved in vascular remodelling and angiogenesis, suggesting a high relevance of these processes for the pathogenic mechanisms underlying this type of vasculitis.


Assuntos
Alelos , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Variação Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Arterite de Células Gigantes/genética , Plasminogênio/genética , Prolil Hidroxilases/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Europa (Continente)/etnologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Risco
12.
Sci Rep ; 6: 31263, 2016 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27502545

RESUMO

Vitamin D is an important modulator of the immune response. It acts over several immune cell types where the Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is expressed. Due to the high relevance of this signaling pathway, several studies have investigated the possible influence of genes involved in the metabolism of Vitamin D and its receptor in different human diseases. Here, we analyzed whether four single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the VDR gene (rs731236, rs7975232, rs1544410 and rs2228570) are involved in the susceptibility to infection by Trypanosoma cruzi and/or to chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC) in a Colombian endemic population for this parasite. Our results showed that the rs2228570*A allele is associated with CCC development (P = 4.46E-03, OR = 1.51). In summary, the data presented in this report suggest that variation within the VDR gene may affect the immune response against T. cruzi, increasing the probability of cardiac complications in infected individuals.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/genética , Doença de Chagas/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Cardiomiopatias/complicações , Cardiomiopatias/parasitologia , Doença de Chagas/complicações , Estudos de Coortes , Colômbia , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Homeostase , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Regressão , Risco , Trypanosoma cruzi
13.
PLoS One ; 11(8): e0160270, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27490238

RESUMO

Systemic Autoimmune Diseases, a group of chronic inflammatory conditions, have variable symptoms and difficult diagnosis. In order to reclassify them based on genetic markers rather than clinical criteria, we performed clustering of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms. However naive approaches tend to group patients primarily by their geographic origin. To reduce this "ancestry signal", we developed SNPClust, a method to select large sources of ancestry-independent genetic variations from all variations detected by Principal Component Analysis. Applied to a Systemic Lupus Erythematosus case control dataset, SNPClust successfully reduced the ancestry signal. Results were compared with association studies between the cases and controls without or with reference population stratification correction methods. SNPClust amplified the disease discriminating signal and the ratio of significant associations outside the HLA locus was greater compared to population stratification correction methods. SNPClust will enable the use of ancestry-independent genetic information in the reclassification of Systemic Autoimmune Diseases. SNPClust is available as an R package and demonstrated on the public Human Genome Diversity Project dataset at https://github.com/ThomasChln/snpclust.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Genéticas , Antígenos HLA/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Projeto Genoma Humano , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/classificação
14.
J Rheumatol ; 43(7): 1376-9, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27134258

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the genetic background of systemic sclerosis (SSc) in the Turkish population. METHODS: There were 354 cases and 718 unaffected controls from Turkey genotyped for the most relevant SSc genetic markers (IRF5-rs10488631, STAT4-rs3821236, CD247-rs2056626, DNASE1L3-rs35677470, IL12A-rs77583790, and ATG5-rs9373839). Association tests were conducted to identify possible associations. RESULTS: Except for ATG5, all the analyzed genes showed either significant associations (IRF5: p = 1.32E-05, OR 1.76; CD247: p = 2.20E-03, OR 0.75) or trends of association (STAT4: p = 0.066, OR 1.21; IL12A: p = 0.079, OR 4.07; DNASE1L3: p = 0.097, OR 1.41) with the overall disease or with specific phenotypes. CONCLUSION: The genetic component of SSc seems to be similar between Turks and Europeans.


Assuntos
Alelos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Fenótipo , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Adulto , Proteína 5 Relacionada à Autofagia/genética , Complexo CD3/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Endodesoxirribonucleases/genética , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Subunidade p35 da Interleucina-12/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fator de Transcrição STAT4/genética , Turquia
15.
Expert Rev Mol Diagn ; 16(6): 663-75, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27043155

RESUMO

Important advances have occurred during the last decade in the understanding of the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, we are still far from having a clear picture of the molecular network that predisposes an individual to develop the disease, to worsen the symptoms after that, or to successfully respond to a specific treatment. In this sense, different -omics fields (including transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, genomics and epigenomics) have recently produced promising insights that could definitively help us to sharpen such picture if integrated trough a systems biology approach. In this review we will summarise and discuss the recent progress achieved in those fields and its possible impact on the discovery of suitable biomarkers for RA diagnosis, prognosis and treatment response.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Proteoma/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética , Humanos , Proteoma/genética
16.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 10(3): e0004583, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27027876

RESUMO

Chagas disease is a parasitic disorder caused by the infection with the flagellated protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. According to the World Health Organization, more than six million people are currently infected in endemic regions. Genetic factors have been proposed to influence predisposition to infection and development of severe clinical phenotypes like chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC). Interleukin 18 (IL18) encodes a proinflammatory cytokine that has been proposed to be involved in controlling T. cruzi infection. In this study, we analyzed the possible role of six IL18 gene variants (rs5744258, rs360722, rs2043055, rs187238, rs1946518 and rs360719), which cover most of the variation within the locus, in the susceptibility to infection by T. cruzi and/or CCC. In total, 1,171 individuals from a Colombian region endemic for Chagas disease, classified as seronegative (n = 595), seropositive asymptomatic (n = 175) and CCC (n = 401), were genotyped using TaqMan probes. Significant associations with T. cruzi infection were observed when comparing seronegative and seropositive individuals for rs187238 (P = 2.18E-03, OR = 0.77), rs360719 (P = 1.49E-03, OR = 0.76), rs2043055 (P = 2.52E-03, OR = 1.29), and rs1946518 (P = 0.0162, OR = 1.22). However, dependence analyses suggested that the association was mainly driven by the polymorphism rs360719. This variant is located within the promoter region of the IL18 gene, and it has been described that it creates a binding site for the transcription factor OCT-1 affecting IL-18 expression levels. In addition, no evidence of association was observed between any of the analyzed IL18 gene polymorphisms and the development of CCC. In summary, our data suggest that genetic variation within the promoter region of IL18 is directly involved in the susceptibility to infection by T. cruzi, which provides novel insight into disease pathophysiology and adds new perspectives to achieve a more effective disease control.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/epidemiologia , Doença de Chagas/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Variação Genética , Interleucina-18/metabolismo , Alelos , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Haplótipos , Humanos , Interleucina-18/genética
17.
Expert Rev Clin Immunol ; 12(1): 57-66, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26367100

RESUMO

Giant cell arteritis is a complex immune-mediated disease that involves large blood vessels in individuals older than 50 years. Recent studies have confirmed a strong association of this form of vasculitis with the HLA region, particularly with HLA class II genes. However, other non-HLA loci, such as protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 22, may also account for the susceptibility to giant cell arteritis. In addition, genetic variants located in genes encoding proinflammatory cytokines seem to influence the phenotypic expression of the disease, including the risk of severe ischemic complications, the presence of polymyalgia rheumatica and the higher incidence of relapses observed in some patients. The identification of putative genetic markers of disease severity could have clear therapeutic implications, as it may allow us to identify patients who are potentially responders to specific treatments.


Assuntos
Arterite de Células Gigantes/imunologia , Antígenos HLA/genética , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 22/genética , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Arterite de Células Gigantes/diagnóstico , Arterite de Células Gigantes/terapia , Humanos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Polimorfismo Genético , Risco
18.
PLoS One ; 10(11): e0143153, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26571131

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the interleukin-33 (IL-33)-interleukin-1 receptor like 1 (IL-1RL1) signaling pathway is implicated in the risk of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A total of 576 Spanish RA patients from Northern Spain were genotyped for 6 well-known IL33-IL1RL1 polymorphisms (IL33 rs3939286, IL33 rs7025417, IL33 rs7044343, IL1RL1 rs2058660, IL1RL1 rs2310173 and IL1RL1 rs13015714) by TaqMan genotyping assay. The presence of subclinical atherosclerosis was determined by the assessment of carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) by carotid ultrasound (US). RESULTS: RA patients carrying the TT genotype of the IL33 rs3939286 polymorphism had lower cIMT values than those homozygous for the CC genotype (mean ± standard deviation (SD): 0.71 ± 0.14 mm versus 0.76 ± 0.16 mm, respectively) while patients carrying the CT genotype had intermediate cIMT values (mean ± SD: 0.73 ± 0.17 mm). Moreover, RA patients carrying the mutant allele T of the IL33 rs3939286 polymorphism exhibited significantly lower cIMT values than those carrying the wild allele C (mean ± SD: 0.72 ± 0.16 mm versus 0.75 ± 0.18 mm respectively; p = 0.04). The association of both genotype and allele frequencies of IL33 rs3939286 and cIMT levels remained statistically significant after adjustment for sex, age at the time of US study, follow-up and center (p = 0.006 and p = 0.0023, respectively), evidencing that the potential effect conferred by IL33 rs3939286 may be independent of confounder factors. No association with other IL33-IL1RL1 genetic variants was observed. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, our results may suggest a potential protective effect of the IL33 rs3939286 allele T in the risk of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Aterosclerose/genética , Interleucina-33/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores Tipo I de Interleucina-1/genética , Risco , Ultrassonografia
19.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 17: 306, 2015 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26538147

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prostaglandin E receptor 4 (PTGER4) is implicated in immune regulation and bone metabolism. The aim of this study was to analyze its role in radiological joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Six independent cohorts of patients with RA of European or North American descent were included, comprising 1789 patients with 5083 sets of X-rays. The Hospital Clínico San Carlos Rheumatoid Arthritis, Princesa Early Arthritis Register Longitudinal study, and Hospital Universitario de La Paz early arthritis (Spain) cohorts were used as discovery cohorts, and the Leiden Early Arthritis Clinic (The Netherlands), Wichita (United States), and National Databank for Rheumatic Diseases (United States and Canada) cohorts as replication cohorts. First, the PTGER4 rs6896969 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was genotyped using TaqMan assays and available Illumina Immunochip data and studied in the discovery and replication cohorts. Second, the PTGER4 gene and adjacent regions were analyzed using Immunochip genotyping data in the discovery cohorts. On the basis of pooled p values, linkage disequilibrium structure of the region, and location in regions with transcriptional properties, SNPs were selected for replication. The results from discovery, replication, and overall cohorts were pooled using inverse-variance-weighted meta-analysis. Influence of the polymorphisms on the overall radiological damage (constant effect) and on damage progression over time (time-varying effect) was analyzed. RESULTS: The rs6896969 polymorphism showed a significant association with radiological damage in the constant effect pooled analysis of the discovery cohorts, although no significant association was observed in the replication cohorts or the overall pooled analysis. Regarding the analysis of the PTGER4 region, 976 variants were analyzed in the discovery cohorts. From the constant and time-varying effect analyses, 12 and 20 SNPs, respectively, were selected for replication. Only the rs76523431 variant showed a significant association with radiographic progression in the time-varying effect pooled analysis of the discovery, replication, and overall cohorts. The overall pooled effect size was 1.10 (95 % confidence interval 1.05-1.14, p = 2.10 × 10(-5)), meaning that radiographic yearly progression was 10 % greater for each copy of the minor allele. CONCLUSIONS: The PTGER4 gene is a candidate risk factor for radiological progression in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Receptores de Prostaglandina E Subtipo EP4/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Radiografia , Fatores de Risco
20.
Am J Hum Genet ; 96(4): 565-80, 2015 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25817017

RESUMO

We conducted a large-scale genetic analysis on giant cell arteritis (GCA), a polygenic immune-mediated vasculitis. A case-control cohort, comprising 1,651 case subjects with GCA and 15,306 unrelated control subjects from six different countries of European ancestry, was genotyped by the Immunochip array. We also imputed HLA data with a previously validated imputation method to perform a more comprehensive analysis of this genomic region. The strongest association signals were observed in the HLA region, with rs477515 representing the highest peak (p = 4.05 × 10(-40), OR = 1.73). A multivariate model including class II amino acids of HLA-DRß1 and HLA-DQα1 and one class I amino acid of HLA-B explained most of the HLA association with GCA, consistent with previously reported associations of classical HLA alleles like HLA-DRB1(∗)04. An omnibus test on polymorphic amino acid positions highlighted DRß1 13 (p = 4.08 × 10(-43)) and HLA-DQα1 47 (p = 4.02 × 10(-46)), 56, and 76 (both p = 1.84 × 10(-45)) as relevant positions for disease susceptibility. Outside the HLA region, the most significant loci included PTPN22 (rs2476601, p = 1.73 × 10(-6), OR = 1.38), LRRC32 (rs10160518, p = 4.39 × 10(-6), OR = 1.20), and REL (rs115674477, p = 1.10 × 10(-5), OR = 1.63). Our study provides evidence of a strong contribution of HLA class I and II molecules to susceptibility to GCA. In the non-HLA region, we confirmed a key role for the functional PTPN22 rs2476601 variant and proposed other putative risk loci for GCA involved in Th1, Th17, and Treg cell function.


Assuntos
Genes MHC da Classe II/genética , Arterite de Células Gigantes/genética , Herança Multifatorial/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances
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