Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 129
Filtrar
1.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492027

RESUMO

Few studies have been published focusing on the differences between juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (JIIM) and adult IIM. This study aimed to describe the characteristics of JIIM main subgroups (juvenile dermatomyositis [JDM] and juvenile polymyositis [JPM]) and to compare their differences with adult IIM subgroups (adult DM and adult PM). METHODS: This study reviewed the medical records of patients from the REMICAM cohort, a multicentric longitudinal study carried out in patients with IIM, followed up between 1980 and 2014 in 12 hospitals in Madrid, Spain. Patients with definite or probable JPM, JDM, adult DM, and adult PM according to the modified Bohan and Peter criteria were selected. We compared the characteristics between JDM and JPM, and between JIIM and adult IIM. RESULTS: Eighty-six juvenile patients (75 JDMs and 11 JPMs) and 283 adult patients (133 DMs and 150 PMs) were included. Compared with patients with JDM, patients with JPM were older at diagnosis, had more fever and arthritis, and were less frequently treated with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (these differences were not statistically significant). Compared with patients with adult DM, those with JDM presented more frequently with calcinosis (33.8% vs 6.9%, p < 0.0001) and had less severe infections (4.3% vs 23.4%, p < 0.0001), malignancies (1.3% vs 25.6%, p < 0.0001), and mortality (3.5% vs 33%, p < 0.0001). Patients with JDM were treated less frequently with azathioprine (10.8% vs 44.7%, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings confirm that JIIMs are a heterogeneous group of diseases with relevant differences compared with adult IIMs.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33316070

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the prognosis and outcomes of SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with primary SS. METHODS: We searched for patients with primary SS presenting with SARS-CoV-2 infection (defined following and according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control guidelines) among those included in the Big Data Sjögren Registry, an international, multicentre registry of patients diagnosed according to the 2002/2016 classification criteria. RESULTS: A total of 51 patients were included in the study (46 women, mean age at diagnosis of infection of 60 years). According to the number of patients with primary SS evaluated in the Registry (n = 8211), the estimated frequency of SARS-CoV-2 infection was 0.62% (95% CI 0.44, 0.80). All but two presented with symptoms suggestive of COVID-19, including fever (82%), cough (57%), dyspnoea (39%), fatigue/myalgias (27%) and diarrhoea (24%), and the most frequent abnormalities included raised lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (88%), CRP (81%) and D-dimer (82%) values, and lymphopenia (70%). Infection was managed at home in 26 (51%) cases and 25 (49%) required hospitalization (five required admission to ICU, four died). Compared with patients managed at home, those requiring hospitalization had higher odds of having lymphopenia as laboratory abnormality (adjusted OR 21.22, 95% CI 2.39, 524.09). Patients with comorbidities had an older age (adjusted OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.00, 1.11) and showed a risk for hospital admission six times higher than those without (adjusted OR 6.01, 95% CI 1.72, 23.51) in the multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Baseline comorbidities were a key risk factor for a more complicated COVID-19 in patients with primary SS, with higher rates of hospitalization and poor outcomes in comparison with patients without comorbidities.

3.
Respir Med Case Rep ; 31: 101289, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33251106

RESUMO

Pneumocystis jiroveci associated pneumonia (PCP) is one of the most important opportunistic conditions affecting immunocompromised patients, especially those with rheumatic diseases, often associated with lymphopenia and high serum LDH levels. The risk of PCP correlates with immunomodulators' dosage given to control patient's underlying disease. We present a case of a PCP involving a non-lymphopenic patient with psoriatic arthritis treated with low dose of methotrexate.

4.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 257, 2020 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) have a poor prognosis. The importance of monitoring subjective measures of functioning and disability, such as the Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI), is important as dcSSc is rated by patients as worse than diabetes or hemodialysis for quality of life impairment. This European Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) database analysis was undertaken to examine the importance of impaired functionality in dcSSc prognosis. The primary objectives were to identify predictors of death and HAQ-DI score progression over 1 year. HAQ-DI score, major advanced organ involvement, and death rate were also used to develop a comprehensive model to predict lifetime dcSSc progression. METHODS: This was an observational, longitudinal study in patients with dcSSc registered in EUSTAR. Death and HAQ-DI scores were, respectively, analyzed by Cox regression and linear regression analyses in relation to baseline covariates. A microsimulation Markov model was developed to estimate/predict natural progression of dcSSc over a patient's lifetime. RESULTS: The analysis included dcSSc patients with (N = 690) and without (N = 4132) HAQ-DI score assessments from the EUSTAR database. Baseline HAQ-DI score, corticosteroid treatment, and major advanced organ involvement were predictive of death on multivariable analysis; a 1-point increase in baseline HAQ-DI score multiplied the risk of death by 2.7 (p <  0.001) and multiple advanced major organ involvement multiplied the risk of death by 2.8 (p <  0.05). Multivariable analysis showed that baseline modified Rodnan Skin Score (mRSS) and baseline HAQ-DI score were associated with HAQ-DI score progression at 1 year (p <  0.05), but there was no association between baseline organ involvement and HAQ-DI score progression at 1 year. HAQ-DI score, major advanced organ involvement, and death were successfully used to model long-term disease progression in dcSSc. CONCLUSIONS: HAQ-DI score and major advanced organ involvement were comparable predictors of mortality risk in dcSSc. Baseline mRSS and baseline HAQ-DI score were predictive of HAQ-DI score progression at 1 year, indicating a correlation between these endpoints in monitoring disease progression. It is hoped that this EUSTAR analysis may change physician perception about the importance of the HAQ-DI score in dcSSc.

5.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38 Suppl 126(4): 110-115, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025900

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Digestive involvement (DI) has been reported in 10-30% of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) patients, and few studies have systematically analysed the prevalence of DI in pSS patients. The aim of this study was to describe DI prevalence in pSS patients from the Sjögrenser Study, and to analyse its clinical associations. METHODS: All patients included in the Sjögrenser study, a Spanish multicentre randomised cohort, containing demographic, clinical and histologic data, have been analysed retrospectively. Patients were classified according to the presence of DI (oesophageal, gastric, intestinal, hepatic and pancreatic), and we have performed DI clinical associations, descriptive statistics, Student t or χ2 test, and uni and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: From 437 included patients, 95% were women, with a median age of 58 years, 71 (16.2%) presented DI: 21 (29.5%) chronic atrophic gastritis, 12 (16.9%) oesophageal motility dysfunction, 3 (4.2%) lymphocytic colitis, 18 (25.3%) primary biliary cholangitis, 15 (21.1%) autoimmune hepatitis, 7 (9.8%) pancreatic involvement and 5 (7%) coeliac disease. Half of them developed DI at the same time or after pSS diagnosis. Patients with DI were significantly older at pSS diagnosis (p=0.032), more frequently women (p=0.009), presented more autoimmune hypothyroidism and C3 hypocomplementaemia (p=0.040), and were treated more frequently with glucocorticoids, immunosuppressant and biologic therapies. Patients with pancreatic involvement presented more central nervous system and renal involvement, Raynaud's phenomenon, lymphoma and C3/C4 hypocomplementaemia. CONCLUSIONS: DI is frequent in Sjögrenser patients, mainly in the form of autoimmune disorders, and seem to be associated with a more severe phenotype. Our results suggest that DI should be evaluated in pSS patients, especially those with more severe disease.


Assuntos
Hepatite Autoimune , Síndrome de Sjogren , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia
6.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38(5): 881-890, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: TLR3 mediates skin solar injury by binding nuclear material released from apoptotic keratinocytes, resulting in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Because the TLR3 gene is located in 4q35, a known systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) susceptibility locus, we wondered whether TLR3 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with inflammatory mechanisms relevant to the development of SLE, and disease susceptibility. METHODS: Functional assays were carried out in TLR3-transfected HEK293 cells and in monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs). TLR3 and IFNß immunofluorescence studies were performed in skin samples from 7 SLE patients and 3 controls. We performed a SNP association study in a discovery cohort of 153 patients and 105 controls, followed by a confirmation study in an independent cohort of 1,380 patients and 2,104 controls. RESULTS: TLR3 and IFNß are overexpressed in SLE skin lesions. TLR3 overexpression in HEK293 cells amplifies their sensitivity to a pro-apoptotic stimulus. Taking advantage of a naturally occurring polymorphic TLR3 variant (rs3775291) that weakly versus strongly responds to poly I:C stimulation, we found that TLR3 is associated with amplified apoptotic responses, production of the Ro/SSA autoantigen and increased maturation of myeloid-derived dendritic cells (moDC) after exposure to UV irradiation. However, TLR3 SNPs are not associated with susceptibility to SLE in a large population of patients and controls. CONCLUSIONS: TLR3 is overexpressed in SLE skin lesions and amplifies apoptotic and inflammatory responses to UV-irradiation in antigen-presenting cells in vitro. However, TLR3 SNPs do not impact susceptibility to the development of the disease.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Receptor 3 Toll-Like , Células Apresentadoras de Antígenos , Apoptose , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptor 3 Toll-Like/genética
7.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(7): 1684-1694, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Racial factors play a significant role in SSc. We evaluated differences in SSc presentations between white patients (WP), Asian patients (AP) and black patients (BP) and analysed the effects of geographical locations. METHODS: SSc characteristics of patients from the EUSTAR cohort were cross-sectionally compared across racial groups using survival and multiple logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: The study included 9162 WP, 341 AP and 181 BP. AP developed the first non-RP feature faster than WP but slower than BP. AP were less frequently anti-centromere (ACA; odds ratio (OR) = 0.4, P < 0.001) and more frequently anti-topoisomerase-I autoantibodies (ATA) positive (OR = 1.2, P = 0.068), while BP were less likely to be ACA and ATA positive than were WP [OR(ACA) = 0.3, P < 0.001; OR(ATA) = 0.5, P = 0.020]. AP had less often (OR = 0.7, P = 0.06) and BP more often (OR = 2.7, P < 0.001) diffuse skin involvement than had WP. AP and BP were more likely to have pulmonary hypertension [OR(AP) = 2.6, P < 0.001; OR(BP) = 2.7, P = 0.03 vs WP] and a reduced forced vital capacity [OR(AP) = 2.5, P < 0.001; OR(BP) = 2.4, P < 0.004] than were WP. AP more often had an impaired diffusing capacity of the lung than had BP and WP [OR(AP vs BP) = 1.9, P = 0.038; OR(AP vs WP) = 2.4, P < 0.001]. After RP onset, AP and BP had a higher hazard to die than had WP [hazard ratio (HR) (AP) = 1.6, P = 0.011; HR(BP) = 2.1, P < 0.001]. CONCLUSION: Compared with WP, and mostly independent of geographical location, AP have a faster and earlier disease onset with high prevalences of ATA, pulmonary hypertension and forced vital capacity impairment and higher mortality. BP had the fastest disease onset, a high prevalence of diffuse skin involvement and nominally the highest mortality.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/imunologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/imunologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia
8.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(2): 102452, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838157

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (LcSSc) is the most common subset of SSc but it has been overlooked in the past years. At a time at which clinical trials focus on diffuse cutaneous SSc (DcSSc) we aimed at clarifying the outcomes of LcSSc and at evaluating whether potential drug positioned in DcSSc may also be used in LcSSc. METHODS: The EUSTAR database was used to investigate skin, lung and peripheral vasculopathy outcomes in LcSSc. Worsening of skin fibrosis, ILD and peripheral vasculopathy were defined by an increase in modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) > 3.5 points, a decrease of FVC > 10% in patients with ILD at baseline, and by the development of new digital ulcers (DU) in patients without DU at baseline. RESULTS: 8013 LcSSc and 4786 DcSSc patients were included. In contrast to DcSSc, skin disease was remarkably stable in the majority of LcSSc patients with >80% having a change lower than ±4 units of mRSS at 12, 24 and 36 months follow-up. Conversely, FVC changes over time were very similar between LcSSc and DcSSc. Regarding DU, numbers of patients with new DU over time seemed to be almost similar between the two subsets. CONCLUSIONS: LcSSc patients have a low mRSS at baseline with marginal changes with time. Conversely, SSc-ILD can be as progressive as in DcSSc supporting the inclusion of LcSSc patients in SSc-ILD trials and suggesting potential benefit of any anti-ILD drugs. Similarly, although slightly less common, DU should receive the same attention in the two subsets.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais , Esclerodermia Limitada/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fibrose/patologia , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/patologia , Esclerodermia Limitada/tratamento farmacológico , Esclerodermia Limitada/patologia , Pele/patologia
9.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4955, 2019 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672989

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease that shows one of the highest mortality rates among rheumatic diseases. We perform a large genome-wide association study (GWAS), and meta-analysis with previous GWASs, in 26,679 individuals and identify 27 independent genome-wide associated signals, including 13 new risk loci. The novel associations nearly double the number of genome-wide hits reported for SSc thus far. We define 95% credible sets of less than 5 likely causal variants in 12 loci. Additionally, we identify specific SSc subtype-associated signals. Functional analysis of high-priority variants shows the potential function of SSc signals, with the identification of 43 robust target genes through HiChIP. Our results point towards molecular pathways potentially involved in vasculopathy and fibrosis, two main hallmarks in SSc, and highlight the spectrum of critical cell types for the disease. This work supports a better understanding of the genetic basis of SSc and provides directions for future functional experiments.


Assuntos
Fibrose/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Doenças Vasculares/genética , Teorema de Bayes , Imunoprecipitação da Cromatina , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Análise de Sequência de DNA
10.
Rheumatol Int ; 39(11): 1875-1882, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522232

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of digital ulcers (DUs) in daily life of systemic sclerosis (SSc) Spanish patients. We developed a multicenter observational study to compare functional disability in SSc patients with active DUs vs. those without DUs. An additional correlation between perception of patients and physicians on disability due to DUs was performed. A total of 199 patients were enrolled, 70 (35%) with DUs. Patients with DUs were younger (48 vs. 58 years; p < 0.001) and had more frequently the diffuse subtype of SSc (45 vs. 24%; p = 0.004) than patients without DUs. Patients with DUs showed significantly higher scores in the Cochin Hand Function Scale overall (p < 0.002) and for each of its five dimensions. They also showed higher scores in the Systemic Sclerosis Health Assessment Questionnaire items related to hand function such as, dress and self-care (p < 0.013), eat (p < 0.013) and grip (p < 0.03), and higher Visual Analogic Scale scores for pain (p < 0.013), trouble related with Raynaud's Phenomenon (p < 0.001) and sense of severity (p < 0.004). Impact on daily activities was significantly higher in patients with DUs (p = 0.002), with a non-significant trend to experience higher impact on work productivity (p = 0.07). A high correlation was found between DUs patients and physicians opinion on the impact of DUs (daily life: Pearson R = 0.86; work productivity: Pearson R = 0.87). Study findings show an impaired hand function and increased disability for daily life activities and work productivity in SSc patients with DUs compared with patients without DUs in Spanish population.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Eficiência , Doença de Raynaud/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Úlcera Cutânea/etiologia , Local de Trabalho , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Dedos/irrigação sanguínea , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto Jovem
11.
Mol Cell ; 75(3): 590-604.e12, 2019 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230816

RESUMO

Epigenetic silencing defends against LINE-1 (L1) retrotransposition in mammalian cells. However, the mechanisms that repress young L1 families and how L1 escapes to cause somatic genome mosaicism in the brain remain unclear. Here we report that a conserved Yin Yang 1 (YY1) transcription factor binding site mediates L1 promoter DNA methylation in pluripotent and differentiated cells. By analyzing 24 hippocampal neurons with three distinct single-cell genomic approaches, we characterized and validated a somatic L1 insertion bearing a 3' transduction. The source (donor) L1 for this insertion was slightly 5' truncated, lacked the YY1 binding site, and was highly mobile when tested in vitro. Locus-specific bisulfite sequencing revealed that the donor L1 and other young L1s with mutated YY1 binding sites were hypomethylated in embryonic stem cells, during neurodifferentiation, and in liver and brain tissue. These results explain how L1 can evade repression and retrotranspose in the human body.


Assuntos
Repressão Epigenética/genética , Elementos Nucleotídeos Longos e Dispersos/genética , Retroelementos/genética , Fator de Transcrição YY1/genética , Sítios de Ligação/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Genoma Humano/genética , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única
12.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 22(8): 1393-1401, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30968571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory idiopathic myositis (IIM) comprises a heterogeneous group of systemic muscular diseases that can occur together with other connective tissue diseases (CTD), named overlap myositis (OM). The question of whether OM is a distinct entity still remains controversial. AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the clinical and prognostic differences between patients diagnosed with OM, primary polymyositis (PM) and primary dermatomyositis (DM). METHOD: The study consists of a retrospective longitudinal and multicenter series of IIM patients. Patients were classified as OM, PM and DM. Overlap myositis was defined as patients fulfilling criteria for IIM plus criteria for other CTD (namely systemic sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, mixed connective tissue disease, rheumatoid arthritis and primary Sjögren's syndrome). RESULT: A total of 342 patients were included (98 OM, 137 PM and 107 DM). Overlap myositis patients, in comparison with PM and DM, showed significant differences, with more extramuscular involvement, particularly more arthritis (66%, 34.6% and 48.1%, respectively), puffy fingers (49.5%, 11.1% and 24.3%), sclerodactyly (45.4%, 2.2% and 2%), dysphagia (41.8%, 18.2% and 26.4%), Raynaud phenomenon (65.3%, 16.9% and 19.8%), leucopenia (28.9%, 2.2% and 8.4%), thrombocytopenia (8.2%, 2.2% and 1.9%), interstitial lung disease (ILD) (48%, 35% and 30.8%), renal manifestations (13.4%, 3.7% and 1.9%), and more severe infections (41.3%, 26.7% and 21%). No significant differences were found in survival between groups in log rank test (P = 0.106). Multivariate adjusted survival analyses revealed a worse prognosis for severe infections, ILD and baseline elevation of acute phase reactants. CONCLUSION: Overlap myositis stands out as a distinct entity as compared to PM and DM, featuring more extramuscular involvement and more severe infections. Close monitoring is recommended in this subset for early detection and treatment of possible complications.


Assuntos
Dermatomiosite/diagnóstico , Polimiosite/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Dermatomiosite/classificação , Dermatomiosite/tratamento farmacológico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimiosite/classificação , Polimiosite/tratamento farmacológico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha , Terminologia como Assunto
13.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0213073, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30818333

RESUMO

Research in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is increasingly focused on the discovery of biomarkers that could enable personalized treatments. The genetic biomarkers associated with the response to TNF inhibitors (TNFi) are among the most studied. They include 12 SNPs exhibiting promising results in the three largest genome-wide association studies (GWAS). However, they still require further validation. With this aim, we assessed their association with response to TNFi in a replication study, and a meta-analysis summarizing all non-redundant data. The replication involved 755 patients with RA that were treated for the first time with a biologic drug, which was either infliximab (n = 397), etanercept (n = 155) or adalimumab (n = 203). Their DNA samples were successfully genotyped with a single-base extension multiplex method. Lamentably, none of the 12 SNPs was associated with response to the TNFi in the replication study (p > 0.05). However, a drug-stratified exploratory analysis revealed a significant association of the NUBPL rs2378945 SNP with a poor response to etanercept (B = -0.50, 95% CI = -0.82, -0.17, p = 0.003). In addition, the meta-analysis reinforced the previous association of three SNPs: rs2378945, rs12142623, and rs4651370. In contrast, five of the remaining SNPs were less associated than before, and the other four SNPs were no longer associated with the response to treatment. In summary, our results highlight the complexity of the pharmacogenetics of TNFi in RA showing that it could involve a drug-specific component and clarifying the status of the 12 GWAS-drawn SNPs.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Farmacogenômicos , Variantes Farmacogenômicos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(1): 34-42, ene.-feb. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-176075

RESUMO

Objectives: The course and long-term outcome of pure membranous lupus nephritis (MLN) are little understood. The aims of this study are to evaluate the clinical features, course, outcome and prognostic indicators in pure MLN and to determine the impact of ethnicity and the type of health insurance on the course and prognosis of pure MLN. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of 150 patients with pure MLN from Spain and the USA. Results: Mean age was 34.2±12.5 and 80% were women. Sixty-eight percent of patients had nephrotic syndrome at diagnosis. The average serum creatinine was 0.98±0.78mg/dl. Six percent of patients died and 5.3% developed end-stage renal disease (ESRD). ESRD was predicted by male sex, hypertension, dyslipidemia, high basal 24h-proteinuria, high basal serum creatinine and a low basal creatinine clearance. Age, cardiac insufficiency, peripheral artheriopathy, hemodialysis and not having received mycophenolate mofetil or antimalarials for MLN predicted death. Conclusions: Pure MLN frequently presents with nephrotic syndrome, high proteinuria and normal serum creatinine. Its prognosis is favourable in maintaining renal function although proteinuria usually persists over time. Baseline cardiovascular disease and not having a health insurance are related with poor prognosis


Objetivos: Los conocimientos sobre el curso y el desenlace a largo plazo de la nefritis lúpica membranosa (NLM) pura son todavía escasos. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar las características clínicas, curso, desenlace e indicadores pronósticos de la NLM y determinar el impacto de la etnicidad y tipo de cobertura sanitaria en el curso y pronóstico de la NLM. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión retrospectiva de las historias de 150 pacientes con NLM de España y Estados Unidos. Resultados: La edad media fue 34,2±12,5 y el 80% eran mujeres. El 68% de los pacientes tenían síndrome nefrótico al diagnóstico. La creatinina sérica media fue 0,98±0,78mg/dl. El 6% de los pacientes fallecieron y el 5,3% desarrollaron insuficiencia renal terminal (IRT). El sexo masculino, la hipertensión, la dislipemia, la alta proteinuria basal, la alta creatininemia y un aclaramiento de creatinina reducido predijeron el desarrollo de IRT. La edad, la insuficiencia cardíaca, la arteriopatía periférica, la hemodiálisis y el no haber recibido micofenolato de mofetilo o antimaláricos predijeron el fallecimiento. Conclusiones: La NLM pura suele debutar con síndrome nefrótico, alta proteinuria y creatininemia normal. Su pronóstico es favourable en términos de mantenimiento de la función renal aunque la proteinuria habitualmente persiste durante el seguimiento. La enfermedad cardiovascular basal y no tener cobertura sanitaria se relacionan con mal pronóstico


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrite Lúpica/epidemiologia , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteinúria/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/etnologia , Creatinina/sangue
15.
Reumatol Clin ; 15(1): 34-42, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28528869

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The course and long-term outcome of pure membranous lupus nephritis (MLN) are little understood. The aims of this study are to evaluate the clinical features, course, outcome and prognostic indicators in pure MLN and to determine the impact of ethnicity and the type of health insurance on the course and prognosis of pure MLN. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of 150 patients with pure MLN from Spain and the USA. RESULTS: Mean age was 34.2±12.5 and 80% were women. Sixty-eight percent of patients had nephrotic syndrome at diagnosis. The average serum creatinine was 0.98±0.78mg/dl. Six percent of patients died and 5.3% developed end-stage renal disease (ESRD). ESRD was predicted by male sex, hypertension, dyslipidemia, high basal 24h-proteinuria, high basal serum creatinine and a low basal creatinine clearance. Age, cardiac insufficiency, peripheral artheriopathy, hemodialysis and not having received mycophenolate mofetil or antimalarials for MLN predicted death. CONCLUSIONS: Pure MLN frequently presents with nephrotic syndrome, high proteinuria and normal serum creatinine. Its prognosis is favourable in maintaining renal function although proteinuria usually persists over time. Baseline cardiovascular disease and not having a health insurance are related with poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/diagnóstico , Nefrite Lúpica/diagnóstico , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/mortalidade , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/fisiopatologia , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/terapia , Humanos , Nefrite Lúpica/mortalidade , Nefrite Lúpica/fisiopatologia , Nefrite Lúpica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(3): 351-360, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30251476

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the genetic background influencing the development of cardiovascular (CV) disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in which, after quality control and imputation, a total of 6,308,944 polymorphisms across the whole genome were analyzed in 2,989 RA patients of European origin. Data on subclinical atherosclerosis, obtained through assessment of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and presence/absence of carotid plaques by carotid ultrasonography, were available for 1,355 individuals. RESULTS: A genetic variant of the RARB gene (rs116199914) was associated with CIMT values at the genome-wide level of significance (minor allele [G] ß coefficient 0.142, P = 1.86 × 10-8 ). Interestingly, rs116199914 overlapped with regulatory elements in tissues related to CV pathophysiology and immune cells. In addition, biologic pathway enrichment and predictive protein-protein relationship analyses, including suggestive GWAS signals of potential relevance, revealed a functional enrichment of the collagen biosynthesis network related to the presence/absence of carotid plaques (Gene Ontology no. 0032964; false discovery rate-adjusted P = 4.01 × 10-3 ). Furthermore, our data suggest potential influences of the previously described candidate CV risk loci NFKB1, MSRA, and ZC3HC1 (P = 8.12 × 10-4 , P = 5.94 × 10-4 , and P = 2.46 × 10-4 , respectively). CONCLUSION: The present findings strongly suggest that genetic variation within RARB contributes to the development of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with RA.


Assuntos
Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Aterosclerose/genética , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Receptores do Ácido Retinoico/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Adulto , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Masculino , Metionina Sulfóxido Redutases/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Subunidade p50 de NF-kappa B/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Fatores de Risco
17.
Clin Rheumatol ; 38(3): 803-815, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30392161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study prognostic factors in different types of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) associated with interstitial lung disease (ILD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Multicenter retrospective study of a Spanish cohort of patients diagnosed with IIM. Patients were classified into four categories: polymyositis (PM), dermatomyositis (DM), antisynthetase syndrome (ASS), and overlap myositis (OM). Sociodemographic data, clinical characteristics, antibodies, and treatments were collected. Cox regression models were calculated to identify factors associated with mortality, the necessity for long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT), and deterioration in respiratory function tests (RFT). RESULTS: The number of patients included was 478, of whom 112 (23.4%) suffered from ILD: 17% PM, 16% DM, 45% ASS, and 22% OM. Factors associated with mortality in the multivariate analysis were clinically meaningful progression of ILD after 3 months (CMP 3m) (hazard ratio (HR) 9.48, p = 0.005), severe infections (HR 6.41, p = 0.016), heliotrope erythema (HR 31.1, p = 0.002), delay in diagnosis (HR 1.29; p = 0.011), and Raynaud's phenomenon (HR 11.9, p = 0.007). However, being female (HR 0.19, p = 0.044) and positivity solely for ANAs (HR 0.08, p = 0.008) presented a protective effect. CMP 3m (HR 22.7, p = 0.027) was associated with the need for LTOT, while basal aldolase (HR 0.90; p = 0.049) had a protective effect. Likewise, joint manifestations (HR 0.04, p = 0.034) were shown to reduce risk of deterioration in RFT. CONCLUSIONS: CMP 3m, severe infections, delay in diagnosis, heliotrope erythema, and Raynaud's phenomenon were identified as factors of poor prognosis in different IIM associated with ILD.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/fisiopatologia , Mortalidade , Miosite/fisiopatologia , Oxigenoterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Antinucleares/imunologia , Diagnóstico Tardio/estatística & dados numéricos , Dermatomiosite/epidemiologia , Dermatomiosite/imunologia , Dermatomiosite/fisiopatologia , Progressão da Doença , Eritema/epidemiologia , Feminino , Frutose-Bifosfato Aldolase/metabolismo , Humanos , Infecções/epidemiologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Estudos Longitudinais , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Miosite/epidemiologia , Miosite/imunologia , Polimiosite/epidemiologia , Polimiosite/imunologia , Polimiosite/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Proteção , Capacidade de Difusão Pulmonar , Doença de Raynaud/epidemiologia , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha/epidemiologia , Capacidade Vital , Adulto Jovem
18.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36 Suppl 113(4): 68-75, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30277860

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe differences in clinical presentation between men and women in a large group of patients with early (<3 years' duration) systemic sclerosis (SSc) according to disease subsets. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of the prospective EULAR Scleroderma Trial and Research database (EUSTAR) was performed. Patients fulfilling preliminary ACR 1980 classification criteria for SSc, with less than 3 years from the first non-Raynaud's symptom at first entry, were selected. A group of patients with less than 3 years from the first SSc symptom, including Raynaud's phenomenon, was also analysed. SSc related variables, including antibodies, SSc subsets, disease activity and organ involvement were included. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: A total of 1,027 patients were included, 90% Caucasian, 80% women, and 40% with diffuse cutaneous disease. In early stages of SSc, men showed more frequently than women active disease, diffuse cutaneous subset, anti-Scl-70 antibodies, elevated acute phase reactants, muscular and pulmonary involvement. Differences between men and women were confirmed in the limited, but not in the diffuse SSc subset. The results were similar when 650 patients with less than three years from the first SSc symptom, including Raynaud's phenomenon, were analysed. CONCLUSIONS: In early stages of SSc, men present signs and symptoms of more severe disease. In the limited disease subset, men might appear with clinical features and organ involvement similar to those of the diffuse subgroup. In clinical practice, the identification of such differences might help to select the appropriate management for each particular patient.


Assuntos
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Esclerodermia Difusa/diagnóstico , Esclerodermia Limitada/diagnóstico , Proteínas da Fase Aguda/análise , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Pneumopatias/etiologia , Masculino , Proteínas Nucleares/imunologia , Prognóstico , Doença de Raynaud/diagnóstico , Doença de Raynaud/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Esclerodermia Difusa/sangue , Esclerodermia Difusa/complicações , Esclerodermia Difusa/imunologia , Esclerodermia Limitada/sangue , Esclerodermia Limitada/complicações , Esclerodermia Limitada/imunologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais
19.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 36 Suppl 113(4): 53-60, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30183603

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and its determinants in a systemic sclerosis (SSc) multinational inception cohort. We performed a meta-analysis of data from individual countries, and compared the meta-analysis to individual country results by pooling data from each of the countries. METHODS: SSc patients within 2 years of disease onset were recruited from 5 countries participating in the International Systemic Sclerosis Inception Cohort (INSYNC). Data from each country's database were exported for analysis using a harmonised platform. HRQoL was assessed using the Medical Outcomes Short Form-36 (SF-36). Multivariate linear regression assessed associations between HRQoL and predictors in cohorts separately and meta-analyzed to generate pooled estimates. The analyses were repeated using individual patient data. RESULTS: Of the 637 SSc patients recruited, the majority was female (80.2%-83.3%), aged between 52.4-56.7 years with limited cutaneous disease subtype (48.6%-66.7%). HRQoL scores were lower for SSc patients than the general population (SF-36 physical component summary (PCS) score (36.4-39.6), mental component summary (MCS) score (41.0-46.4)). Determinants of SF-36 PCS by meta-analysis included increasing age (ß=-0.1, 95%CI -0.2, -0.01), diffuse cutaneous disease subtype (ß=-8.4, 95%CI -10.6, -6.3), and pulmonary arterial hypertension (ß=-10.9, 95%CI -16.6, -5.3). Increasing age (ß=0.09, 95%CI 0.0, 0.18) was the only variable associated with SF-36 MCS. Analyses using individual patient data revealed similar results to those of the meta-analysis of cohort data. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides estimates of HRQoL in a large inception SSc cohort and provides evidence that individual patient data analysis is valid in the INSYNC dataset.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Escleroderma Sistêmico/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Austrália/epidemiologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Estudos Transversais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia
20.
Cell Rep ; 23(13): 3730-3740, 2018 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29949758

RESUMO

LINE-1 (L1) retrotransposons are a source of insertional mutagenesis in tumor cells. However, the clinical significance of L1 mobilization during tumorigenesis remains unclear. Here, we applied retrotransposon capture sequencing (RC-seq) to multiple single-cell clones isolated from five ovarian cancer cell lines and HeLa cells and detected endogenous L1 retrotransposition in vitro. We then applied RC-seq to ovarian tumor and matched blood samples from 19 patients and identified 88 tumor-specific L1 insertions. In one tumor, an intronic de novo L1 insertion supplied a novel cis-enhancer to the putative chemoresistance gene STC1. Notably, the tumor subclone carrying the STC1 L1 mutation increased in prevalence after chemotherapy, further increasing STC1 expression. We also identified hypomethylated donor L1s responsible for new L1 insertions in tumors and cultivated cancer cells. These congruent in vitro and in vivo results highlight L1 insertional mutagenesis as a common component of ovarian tumorigenesis and cancer genome heterogeneity.


Assuntos
Evolução Molecular , Elementos Nucleotídeos Longos e Dispersos/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Metilação de DNA , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glicoproteínas/genética , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Humanos , Perda de Heterozigosidade/genética , Mutagênese Insercional , Mutação , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA