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1.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 32(1): 40-44, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET2-3435

RESUMO

Objetivo. Determinar el impacto pronóstico de la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) en los pacientes diagnosticados de enfermedad tromboembólica venosa (ETV) en servicios de urgencias (SU) españoles. Método. Análisis secundario del registro ESPHERIA que incluyó pacientes consecutivos con ETV sintomática en 53 SU. Resultados. Se incluyeron 801 pacientes de los que 71 (9%) tenían EPOC, siendo la tromboembolia pulmonar la forma de presentación más frecuente de ETV en este subgrupo de pacientes (77,5% vs 47,1%, p < 0,001). Los pacientes con EPOC tuvieron con más frecuencia disfunción de ventrículo derecho en la angiotomografía pulmonar (18,2% vs 13,1%; p < 0,001) y necesidad de soporte ventilatorio (7% vs 0,5%; p < 0,001). Los pacientes con ETV y EPOC tuvieron mayor incidencia de reingreso o mortalidad en el seguimiento a 180 días [HR 1,52 (IC 95% 1,00-2,29; p = 0,048)], comparados con los pacientes con ETV sin EPOC. Conclusiones. La EPOC tiene impacto pronóstico en los pacientes diagnosticados de ETV en SU españoles, en términos de mortalidad y reingreso hospitalario


Objective. To determine the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on prognosis in patients diagnosed with venous thromboembolic disease (VTED) in Spanish emergency departments. Methods. Secondary analysis of data from the ESPHERIA (Spanish acronym for Risk Profile of Patients VTED Attended in Spanish Emergency Departments) registry. Results. A total of 801 patients, 71 (9%) with COPD, were included. Pulmonary thromboembolism was recorded in 77.%% of the patients with COPD (vs in 47.1% of patients without COPD; P<.001). Patients with COPD had evidence of right ventricular dysfunction on computed tomography angiography more often than other VTED patients (18.2% vs 13.1%; P<.001) and more often required ventilatory support (7% vs 0.5%; P<.001). VTED patients with COPD also had a higher rate of readmission or mortality at 180 days (hazard ratio, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.00-2.29; P = .048)] than patients without COPD. Conclusions. COPD affects the prognosis of patients diagnosed with VTED in Spanish emergency departments as evidenced by hospital readmission and mortality

2.
Emergencias ; 32(1): 40-44, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909911

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on prognosis in patients diagnosed with venous thromboembolic disease (VTED) in Spanish emergency departments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from the ESPHERIA (Spanish acronym for Risk Profile of Patients VTED Attended in Spanish Emergency Departments) registry. RESULTS: A total of 801 patients, 71 (9%) with COPD, were included. Pulmonary thromboembolism was recorded in 77.%% of the patients with COPD (vs in 47.1% of patients without COPD; P<.001). Patients with COPD had evidence of right ventricular dysfunction on computed tomography angiography more often than other VTED patients (18.2% vs 13.1%; P<.001) and more often required ventilatory support (7% vs 0.5%; P<.001). VTED patients with COPD also had a higher rate of readmission or mortality at 180 days (hazard ratio, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.00-2.29; P = .048)] than patients without COPD. CONCLUSION: COPD affects the prognosis of patients diagnosed with VTED in Spanish emergency departments as evidenced by hospital readmission and mortality.

3.
Rev Med Chil ; 147(4): 518-521, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344216

RESUMO

Klinefelter syndrome (47, XXY in most cases) is a frequently underdiagnosed chromosomal anomaly associated with multiple comorbidities in adult life. Patients with Klinefelter syndrome have a higher risk of cancer. Specifically, these patients have a higher risk for mediastinal germ cell tumors. It is estimated that 8% of male patients with mediastinal tumors have Klinefelter. We report a 42-years-old male who suffered recurrent respiratory infections. During the study, a mediastinal mass was found, whose pathological study disclosed a type B thymoma. The patient had a history of infertility, high stature, gynecomastia, obesity with gynecoid distribution of body fat and testicular atrophy. A karyotype was requested (47, XXY), confirming the diagnosis of Klinefelter syndrome.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Klinefelter/patologia , Timoma/patologia , Neoplasias do Timo/patologia , Adulto , Humanos , Síndrome de Klinefelter/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Klinefelter/genética , Masculino , Neoplasias do Mediastino/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Mediastino/patologia , Radiografia Torácica , Timoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Timo/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(4): 518-521, abr. 2019. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1014254

RESUMO

Klinefelter syndrome (47, XXY in most cases) is a frequently underdiagnosed chromosomal anomaly associated with multiple comorbidities in adult life. Patients with Klinefelter syndrome have a higher risk of cancer. Specifically, these patients have a higher risk for mediastinal germ cell tumors. It is estimated that 8% of male patients with mediastinal tumors have Klinefelter. We report a 42-years-old male who suffered recurrent respiratory infections. During the study, a mediastinal mass was found, whose pathological study disclosed a type B thymoma. The patient had a history of infertility, high stature, gynecomastia, obesity with gynecoid distribution of body fat and testicular atrophy. A karyotype was requested (47, XXY), confirming the diagnosis of Klinefelter syndrome.

5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 108(4): e100-e104, ago. 2010. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-125687

RESUMO

El síndrome de Crigler Najjar II aparece por un déficit en la conjugación de la bilirrubina debido a la deficiencia parcial de la enzima uridindifosfato-glucuronil transferasa. Por lo general, tiene un curso benigno, a diferencia del Crigler Najjar de tipo I, donde el déficit enzimático es total y los afectados mueren a edades tempranas. Se presenta el caso de una adolescente de16 años con hiperbilirrubinemia indirecta, síndrome convulsivante y parálisis cerebral. Una correcta historia clínica con estudio genealógico y pruebas funcionales apropiadas, permitieron determinar el diagnóstico definitivo. Esta enfermedad genética se transmite de forma autosómica recesiva, tiene una prevalencia muy baja a nivel mundial y constituye, en general, un reto diagnóstico para los médico.(AU)


Crigler Najjar syndrome type II is related to a defect of bilirubin conjugation due to partial deficiency of the enzyme uridine diphosphate-glucuronyl transferase. Usually has a benign course, unlike Crigler Najjar type I, where the enzyme deficiencyis total and the affected patients usually die at early ages. We present the case of a teenager with indirect hyperbilirubinemia, seizures and cerebral palsy. A good clinical historywith pedigree and appropriate functional tests allowed us to determine the definitive diagnosis. This is an autosomal recessive disorder, has a very low prevalence worldwide, and is adiagnostic challenge for physicians in general.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Feminino , Hiperbilirrubinemia Hereditária/complicações , Síndrome de Crigler-Najjar/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Crigler-Najjar/etiologia , Kernicterus
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 108(4): e100-e104, ago. 2010. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-558986

RESUMO

El síndrome de Crigler Najjar II aparece por un déficit en la conjugación de la bilirrubina debido a la deficiencia parcial de la enzima uridindifosfato-glucuronil transferasa. Por lo general, tiene un curso benigno, a diferencia del Crigler Najjar de tipo I, donde el déficit enzimático es total y los afectados mueren a edades tempranas. Se presenta el caso de una adolescente de16 años con hiperbilirrubinemia indirecta, síndrome convulsivante y parálisis cerebral. Una correcta historia clínica con estudio genealógico y pruebas funcionales apropiadas, permitieron determinar el diagnóstico definitivo. Esta enfermedad genética se transmite de forma autosómica recesiva, tiene una prevalencia muy baja a nivel mundial y constituye, en general, un reto diagnóstico para los médico.


Crigler Najjar syndrome type II is related to a defect of bilirubin conjugation due to partial deficiency of the enzyme uridine diphosphate-glucuronyl transferase. Usually has a benign course, unlike Crigler Najjar type I, where the enzyme deficiencyis total and the affected patients usually die at early ages. We present the case of a teenager with indirect hyperbilirubinemia, seizures and cerebral palsy. A good clinical historywith pedigree and appropriate functional tests allowed us to determine the definitive diagnosis. This is an autosomal recessive disorder, has a very low prevalence worldwide, and is adiagnostic challenge for physicians in general.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Feminino , Hiperbilirrubinemia Hereditária/complicações , Kernicterus , Síndrome de Crigler-Najjar/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Crigler-Najjar/etiologia
7.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 108(4): e100-4, 2010 Aug.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20672181

RESUMO

Crigler Najjar syndrome type II is related to a defect of bilirubin conjugation due to partial deficiency of the enzyme uridine diphosphate-glucuronyl transferase. Usually has a benign course, unlike Crigler Najjar type I, where the enzyme deficiency is total and the affected patients usually die at early ages. We present the case of a teenager with indirect hyperbilirubinemia, seizures and cerebral palsy. A good clinical history with pedigree and appropriate functional tests allowed us to determine the definitive diagnosis. This is an autosomal recessive disorder, has a very low prevalence worldwide, and is a diagnostic challenge for physicians in general.


Assuntos
Hiperbilirrubinemia Neonatal/genética , Adolescente , Síndrome de Crigler-Najjar/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Linhagem
8.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 108(1): e1-4, 2010 Feb.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20204225

RESUMO

Cloacal exstrophy and Gollop-Wolfgang complex are very rare pathologies and their association has been reported in only one patient. We present a case of a newborn of indeterminate sex with anomalies of the lower limbs, and an anterior abdominal wall defect. External genitalia were not observed, ectrodactyly of lower limbs, omphalocele, lipomeningocele and imperforate anus were detected. During the diagnostic and therapeutic surgery other anomalies were found, such as vesical exstrophy, cecal fistula, uterine duplication, vaginal agenesis, urethral agenesis, ectopic ureters, stenosis of the left ureter, biphid clitoris and patent urachus. The abdominal ecography showed ectopic right lower quadrant localization of right kidney. Radiographic images of lower limbs showed bifurcation of left femur and absent tibia in both limbs. Due to the findings a diagnosis of cloacal exstrophy and Gollop- Wolfgang complex was made. The patient developed sepsis, liver failure, metabolic acidosis and hyponatremia, she died at seven weeks of age.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Cloaca/anormalidades , Fêmur/anormalidades , Tíbia/anormalidades , Dedos do Pé/anormalidades , Anormalidades Múltiplas/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Múltiplas/cirurgia , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Recém-Nascido
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 108(1): 75-75, feb. 2010. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-125798

RESUMO

La extrofia cloacal y el complejo de Gollop-Wolfgang son patologías muy raras y su asociación ha sido comunicada en un solo paciente. Presentamos el caso de un neonato, de sexo indeterminado, con anormalidades de miembros inferiores y defecto en la pared abdominopélvica anterior. No se observan genitales, presenta ectrodactilia en miembros inferiores, onfalocele, lipomeningocele y ano imperforado. Se realiza cirugía diagnóstica y terapéutica que revela extrofia vesical, fístula cecal, útero doble, agenesia de vagina, agenesia de uretra, uréteres mal implantados, estenosis de uréter izquierdo, clítoris bífido y uraco persistente. La ecografía abdominal mostró riñón derecho ectópico en fosa ilíaca derecha. Radiografías de los miembros inferiores mostraron bifurcación del fémur izquierdo y ausencia de tibia en ambos miembros. Debido a los hallazgos se llega al diagnóstico de extrofia cloacal y complejo de Gollop-Wolfgang. La paciente presentó sepsis, insuficiencia hepática, acidosis metabólica e hiponatremia; falleció a las siete semanas de edad.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Extrofia Vesical , Anus Imperfurado , Ectromelia , Anormalidades Urogenitais , Anormalidades do Sistema Digestório
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 108(1): e1-e4, feb. 2010. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-542479

RESUMO

La extrofia cloacal y el complejo de Gollop-Wolfgang son patologías muy raras y su asociación ha sido comunicada en un solo paciente. Presentamos el caso de un neonato, de sexo indeterminado, con anormalidades de miembros inferiores y defecto en la pared abdominopélvica anterior. No se observan genitales, presenta ectrodactilia en miembros inferiores, onfalocele, lipomeningocele y ano imperforado. Se realiza cirugía diagnóstica y terapéutica que revela extrofia vesical, fístula cecal, útero doble, agenesia de vagina, agenesia de uretra, uréteres mal implantados, estenosis de uréter izquierdo, clítoris bífido y uraco persistente. La ecografía abdominal mostró riñón derecho ectópico en fosa ilíaca derecha. Radiografías de los miembros inferiores mostraron bifurcación del fémur izquierdo y ausencia de tibia en ambos miembros. Debido a los hallazgos se llega al diagnóstico de extrofia cloacal y complejo de Gollop-Wolfgang. La paciente presentó sepsis, insuficiencia hepática, acidosis metabólica e hiponatremia; falleció a las siete semanas de edad.


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Anus Imperfurado , Extrofia Vesical , Anormalidades do Sistema Digestório , Ectromelia , Anormalidades Urogenitais
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