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1.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 156: 111220, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32365004

RESUMO

In Guatemala, assessment of the impacts of microplastic pollution in marine and coastal protected areas has not yet been carried out. Therefore, the main goal of this paper was to evaluate the abundance, composition, physical forms, and the possible sources of plastic debris in the El Quetzalito Beach. The area was intended for biodiversity conservation but has been excessively contaminated by plastic materials from land-based activities. The results state that plastic debris negatively impact the Caribbean coast of Guatemala and are released by storm water and riverine transport from the Motagua River. With a high abundance of 279 items/m2 (30 items/kg d.w.), composed mainly of polystyrene foam beads (66.8%) and polypropylene fragments (25.8%), the microplastic sources are the deterioration of large plastics. As these plastics are commonly used in industrial, commercial, fishing, and household activities, these findings reinforce the need to improve effective sustainable management actions of solid waste treatment and disposal in the Guatemalan cities.


Assuntos
Plásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Região do Caribe , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Microplásticos , Areia , Resíduos/análise
2.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 7(1): 137-142, 2020. ^c27 cmilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121042

RESUMO

Los florecimientos algales nocivos (FAN) son eventos naturales que ocurren cuando una o más especies de microalgas proliferan en concentraciones que pueden causar daño a los organismos acuáticos y a seres humanos que los consuman. En las últimas décadas, se ha registrado a nivel mundial un aumento de eventos de mortalidad alarmante de organismos acuáticos e intoxicaciones en seres humanos causadas por toxinas producidas por microalgas. En Guatemala existe escasa información sobre eventos FAN, no obstante, en diciembre de 2018 ocurrió un FAN en la costa Pacífico de Guatemala. La Comisión Nacional para la Vigilancia y el Control de la Marea Roja Tóxica recolectó muestras biológicas e identificó la presencia de 3,000 cel/L del dinoflagelado Pyrodinium bahamense. El bioensayo en ratón de las muestras, indica concentraciones de saxitoxina de 8,236 UR/100 g y 6,559 UR/100 g, para los días 20 y 27 de diciembre, respectivamente. Estas concentraciones no han sido reportadas previamente en Guatemala, y pueden ser potencialmente tóxicas para la salud pública. Se recomienda mantener un monitoreo de FAN para prevenir impactos negativos en la salud pública y ambiental.


Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are natural events that occur when one or more species of microalgae proliferate at concentrations that can cause damage to aquatic organisms and to those who consume them. In Guatemala very little information exists on HAB events, although in December 2018 has occurred a HABs at the Pacific Coast of Guatemala. A biological sample were collected by the National Commission for Surveillance and Control of Toxic Red Tide. The samples showed 3,000 cel/L of the dinoflagellate Pyrodinium bahamense. During the bioassay for saxitoxin, the concentrations reached 8,236 MU/100 g and 6,559 MU/100 g, for December 20th and 27th, respectively. These concentrations has not been reported previously for Guatemala, and could be a risk in the public health. This result emphasizes the importance of maintaining the HABS monitoring program to prevent negative impact on public environmental health.


Assuntos
Humanos , Dinoflagelados , Proliferação Nociva de Algas , Microalgas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fitoplâncton , Saxitoxina/envenenamento , Saúde Ambiental , Vigilância , Eutrofização
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