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Comput Biol Chem ; 72: 62-76, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29414098


The genes of the NFκB pathway are involved in the control of a plethora of biological processes ranking from inhibition of apoptosis to metastasis in cancer. It has been described that Gliobastoma multiforme (GBM) patients carry aberrant NFκB activation, but the molecular mechanisms are not completely understood. Here, we present a NFκB pathway analysis in tumor specimens of GBM compared to non-neoplasic brain tissues, based on the different kind of cycles found among genes of a gene co-expression network constructed using quantized data obtained from the microarrays. A cycle is a closed walk with all vertices distinct (except the first and last). Thanks to this way of finding relations among genes, a more robust interpretation of gene correlations is possible, because the cycles are associated with feedback mechanisms that are very common in biological networks. In GBM samples, we could conclude that the stoichiometric relationship between genes involved in NFκB pathway regulation is unbalanced. This can be measured and explained by the identification of a cycle. This conclusion helps to understand more about the biology of this type of tumor.

Retroalimentação Fisiológica , Glioblastoma/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Ciclo Celular/fisiologia , Curadoria de Dados , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/fisiologia , Glioblastoma/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Análise em Microsséries , NF-kappa B/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
Cancer Lett ; 390: 176-187, 2017 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28007636


The tumor microenvironment is being increasingly recognized as a key factor in cancer aggressiveness. In this study, we characterized the inflammatory gene signatures altered in glioma cell lines and tumor specimens of differing histological and molecular subtypes. The results showed that glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) shows upregulation of a subset of inflammatory genes when compared to astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas. With molecular subtypes of GBM, the expression of inflammatory genes is heterogeneous, being enriched in mesenchymal and downregulated in Proneural/GCIMP. Other inflammation-associated processes such as tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) signatures are upregulated in mesenchymal, and a subset of 33 mesenchymal-enriched inflammatory and TAM markers showed correlation with poor survival. We found that various GBM tumor-upregulated genes such as IL6, IL8 and CCL2 are also actively expressed in glioma cell lines, playing differential and cooperative roles in promoting proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis and macrophage polarization in vitro. These genes can be stimulated by pathways typically altered in GBM, including the EGFR, PDGFR, MEK1/2-ERK1/2, PI3K/Akt and NFκB cascades. Taken together, the results presented herein depict some inflammatory pathways altered in gliomas and highlight potentially relevant targets to therapy improvement.

Neoplasias Encefálicas/fisiopatologia , Glioblastoma/fisiopatologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citocinas/imunologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Glioblastoma/imunologia , Humanos , Mesoderma/fisiopatologia , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
Mol Neurobiol ; 53(1): 423-435, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25465239


SH-SY5Y cells, a neuroblastoma cell line that is a well-established model system to study the initial phases of neuronal differentiation, have been used in studies to elucidate the mechanisms of neuronal differentiation. In the present study, we investigated alterations of gene expression in SH-SY5Y cells during neuronal differentiation mediated by retinoic acid (RA) treatment. We evaluated important pathways involving nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), nuclear E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), glycolytic, and p53 during neuronal differentiation. We also investigated the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in modulating the gene expression profile of those pathways by antioxidant co-treatment with Trolox®, a hydrophilic analogue of α-tocopherol. We found that RA treatment increases levels of gene expression of NF-κB, glycolytic, and antioxidant pathway genes during neuronal differentiation of SH-SY5Y cells. We also found that ROS production induced by RA treatment in SH-SY5Y cells is involved in gene expression profile alterations, chiefly in NF-κB, and glycolytic pathways. Antioxidant co-treatment with Trolox® reversed the effects mediated by RA NF-κB, and glycolytic pathways gene expression. Interestingly, co-treatment with Trolox® did not reverse the effects in antioxidant gene expression mediated by RA in SH-SY5Y. To confirm neuronal differentiation, we quantified endogenous levels of tyrosine hydroxylase, a recognized marker of neuronal differentiation. Our data suggest that during neuronal differentiation mediated by RA, changes in profile gene expression of important pathways occur. These alterations are in part mediated by ROS production. Therefore, our results reinforce the importance in understanding the mechanism by which RA induces neuronal differentiation in SH-SY5Y cells, principally due this model being commonly used as a neuronal cell model in studies of neuronal pathologies.

Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Glicólise/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , NF-kappa B/genética , Neurônios/citologia , Tretinoína/farmacologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo