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1.
JAMA ; 326(22): 2277-2286, 2021 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34905030

RESUMO

Importance: Patent foramen ovale (PFO)-associated strokes comprise approximately 10% of ischemic strokes in adults aged 18 to 60 years. While device closure decreases stroke recurrence risk overall, the best treatment for any individual is often unclear. Objective: To evaluate heterogeneity of treatment effect of PFO closure on stroke recurrence based on previously developed scoring systems. Design, Setting, and Participants: Investigators for the Systematic, Collaborative, PFO Closure Evaluation (SCOPE) Consortium pooled individual patient data from all 6 randomized clinical trials that compared PFO closure plus medical therapy vs medical therapy alone in patients with PFO-associated stroke, and included a total of 3740 participants. The trials were conducted worldwide from 2000 to 2017. Exposures: PFO closure plus medical therapy vs medical therapy alone. Subgroup analyses used the Risk of Paradoxical Embolism (RoPE) Score (a 10-point scoring system in which higher scores reflect younger age and the absence of vascular risk factors) and the PFO-Associated Stroke Causal Likelihood (PASCAL) Classification System, which combines the RoPE Score with high-risk PFO features (either an atrial septal aneurysm or a large-sized shunt) to classify patients into 3 categories of causal relatedness: unlikely, possible, and probable. Main Outcomes and Measures: Ischemic stroke. Results: Over a median follow-up of 57 months (IQR, 24-64), 121 outcomes occurred in 3740 patients. The annualized incidence of stroke with medical therapy was 1.09% (95% CI, 0.88%-1.36%) and with device closure was 0.47% (95% CI, 0.35%-0.65%) (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.41 [95% CI, 0.28-0.60]). The subgroup analyses showed statistically significant interaction effects. Patients with low vs high RoPE Score had HRs of 0.61 (95% CI, 0.37-1.00) and 0.21 (95% CI, 0.11-0.42), respectively (P for interaction = .02). Patients classified as unlikely, possible, and probable using the PASCAL Classification System had HRs of 1.14 (95% CI, 0.53-2.46), 0.38 (95% CI, 0.22-0.65), and 0.10 (95% CI, 0.03-0.35), respectively (P for interaction = .003). The 2-year absolute risk reduction was -0.7% (95% CI, -4.0% to 2.6%), 2.1% (95% CI, 0.6%-3.6%), and 2.1% (95% CI, 0.9%-3.4%) in the unlikely, possible, and probable PASCAL categories, respectively. Device-associated adverse events were generally higher among patients classified as unlikely; the absolute risk increases in atrial fibrillation beyond day 45 after randomization with a device were 4.41% (95% CI, 1.02% to 7.80%), 1.53% (95% CI, 0.33% to 2.72%), and 0.65% (95% CI, -0.41% to 1.71%) in the unlikely, possible, and probable PASCAL categories, respectively. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients aged 18 to 60 years with PFO-associated stroke, risk reduction for recurrent stroke with device closure varied across groups classified by their probabilities that the stroke was causally related to the PFO. Application of this classification system has the potential to guide individualized decision-making.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Forame Oval Patente/cirurgia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Forame Oval Patente/complicações , Forame Oval Patente/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Números Necessários para Tratar , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Prevenção Secundária , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between institutional volume and operative mortality following SAVR remains unclear. METHODS: From 1/2013 to 6/2018, 234,556 patients underwent isolated SAVR (n=144,177) or SAVR+CABG (n=90,379) within the STS ACSD. The association between annualized SAVR volume [Group 1 (1-25 SAVR), Group 2 (26-50 SAVR), Group 3 (51-100 SAVR), and Group 4 (>100 SAVR)] and operative mortality and composite major morbidity/mortality was assessed. Random effects models were used to evaluate whether historic (2013-2015) SAVR volume or risk-adjusted outcomes explained future (2016-2018) risk-adjusted outcomes. RESULTS: The annualized median number of SAVRs per site was 35 [IQR: 22-59, isolated AVR: 20, AVR+CABG: 13]. Among isolated SAVR cases, the mean operative mortality and composite morbidity/mortality were 1.5% and 9.7%, respectively, at the highest volume sites (Group 4); with significantly higher rates among progressively lower volume groups (p-trend<0.001). After adjustment, lower volume centers experienced increased odds of operative mortality [Group 1 vs. 4 (Ref): AOR (SAVR), 2.24 (1.91-2.64); AOR (SAVR+CABG), 1.96 (1.67-2.30)] and major morbidity/mortality [AOR (SAVR), 1.53 (1.39-1.69); AOR (SAVR+CABG), 1.46 (1.32-1.61)] compared to the highest volume institutions. Substantial variation in outcomes was observed across hospitals within each volume category and prior outcomes explained a greater proportion of hospital operative outcomes than prior volume. CONCLUSIONS: Operative outcomes following SAVR±CABG is inversely associated with institutional procedure volumes; however, prior outcomes are more predictive than prior volume of future outcomes. Given excellent outcomes observed at many lower volume hospitals, procedural outcomes may be preferable to procedural volumes as a quality metric.

3.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711394

RESUMO

Data for nearly all patients undergoing transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) and transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) with an approved device in the United States is captured in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry. All data submitted for TEER or TMVR between 2014 and March 31, 2020, are reported. A total of 37,475 patients underwent a mitral transcatheter procedure, including 33,878 TEER and 3,597 TMVR. Annual procedure volumes for TEER have increased from 1,152 per year in 2014 to 10,460 per year in 2019 at 403 sites and for TMVR from 84 per year to 1,120 per year at 301 centers. Mortality rates have decreased for TEER at 30 days (5.6%-4.1%) and 1 year (27.4%-22.0%). Early off-label use data on TMVR in mitral valve-in-valve therapy led to approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2017, and the 2019 30-day mortality rate was 3.9%. Overall improvements in outcomes over the last 6 years are apparent. (STS/ACC TVT Registry Mitral Module; NCT02245763).

4.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(23): 2326-2353, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711430

RESUMO

Data for nearly all patients undergoing transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) and transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) with an approved device in the United States is captured in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry. All data submitted for TEER or TMVR between 2014 and March 31, 2020, are reported. A total of 37,475 patients underwent a mitral transcatheter procedure, including 33,878 TEER and 3,597 TMVR. Annual procedure volumes for TEER have increased from 1,152 per year in 2014 to 10,460 per year in 2019 at 403 sites and for TMVR from 84 per year to 1,120 per year at 301 centers. Mortality rates have decreased for TEER at 30 days (5.6%-4.1%) and 1 year (27.4%-22.0%). Early off-label use data on TMVR in mitral valve-in-valve therapy led to approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2017, and the 2019 30-day mortality rate was 3.9%. Overall improvements in outcomes over the last 6 years are apparent. (STS/ACC TVT Registry Mitral Module; NCT02245763).

5.
JACC Case Rep ; 3(10): 1258-1263, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471874

RESUMO

This paper describes the case of a patient who developed refractory heart failure due to a fistula from the left ventricle to the coronary sinus that was unintentionally created after a surgical myectomy and mitral valve replacement. Advanced image guidance with a pre-procedure 3-dimensional physical model and intraprocedure echocardiography fusion facilitated transcatheter plugging of the shunt with symptom resolution. (Level of Difficulty: Advanced.).

6.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(8): 794-806, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412813

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Societal guidelines and payor coverage decisions for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) attempt to strike a balance between providing access and maintaining quality. The extent to which dissemination of TAVR has achieved these ideals remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to define patterns of TAVR dissemination in the United States and their influence on outcomes. METHODS: Using data from the TVT (Transcatheter Valvular Therapy) registry, this study identified TAVR sites from 2011 to 2018 and calculated drive-times from existing to new sites. In a contemporary cohort, this study compared site and patient characteristics by annual case volume and density of sites per million Medicare beneficiaries. Using hierarchical regression and Cox methods, this study determined the association between case volumes, site density, and changes in volume and density with patient risk profiles and outcomes. RESULTS: TAVR sites participating in the TVT registry increased from 198 to 556 from 2011 to 2018. Median drive-time from existing to new sites decreased from 403 minutes (interquartile range: 211-587 minutes) to 26 minutes (interquartile range: 17-48 minutes). In a contemporary cohort, higher site density was associated with lower procedural risk as well as with an increased hazard of 30-day risk-adjusted mortality (P = 0.017). Similarly, longitudinal increases in site density over time were associated with a higher hazard of 30-day (P = 0.011) and 1-year (P = 0.013) mortality. CONCLUSIONS: TAVR has expanded significantly over time, but with regional clustering of sites. Although procedural risk is lower at higher density sites, these sites demonstrate an increased hazard of mortality. These findings suggest that the expansion of TAVR services in the United States may have had unintended consequences on procedural quality.

7.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(14): 1538-1548, 2021 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34020928

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study reports 2-year outcomes from the multicenter, prospective, single-arm CLASP study with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) and degenerative MR (DMR) analysis. BACKGROUND: Transcatheter repair is a favorable option to treat MR. Long-term prognostic impact of the PASCAL transcatheter valve repair system in patients with clinically significant MR remains to be established. METHODS: Patients had clinically significant MR ≥3+ as evaluated by the echocardiographic core laboratory and were deemed candidates for transcatheter repair by the heart team. Assessments were performed by clinical events committee to 1 year (site-reported thereafter) and core laboratory to 2 years. RESULTS: A total of 124 patients (69% FMR, 31% DMR) were enrolled with a mean age of 75 years, 56% were male, 60% were New York Heart Association functional class III to IVa, and 100% had MR ≥3+. At 2 years, Kaplan-Meier estimates showed 80% survival (72% FMR, 94% DMR) and 84% freedom from heart failure (HF) hospitalization (78% FMR, 97% DMR), with 85% reduction in annualized HF hospitalization rate (81% FMR, 98% DMR). MR ≤1+ was achieved in 78% of patients (84% FMR, 71% DMR) and MR ≤2+ was achieved in 97% (95% FMR, 100% DMR) (all p < 0.001). Left ventricular end-diastolic volume decreased by 33 ml (p < 0.001); 93% of patients were in New York Heart Association functional class I to II (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The PASCAL repair system demonstrated sustained favorable outcomes at 2 years in FMR and DMR patients. Results showed high survival and freedom from HF rehospitalization rates with a significantly reduced annualized HF hospitalization rate. Durable MR reduction was achieved with evidence of left ventricular reverse remodeling and significant improvement in functional status. The CLASP IID/IIF randomized pivotal trial is ongoing.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Idoso , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 14(3): e007187, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health status assessment is essential for documenting the benefit of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or transcatheter mitral valve repair on patients' symptoms, function, and quality of life. Health status can also be a powerful marker for subsequent clinical outcomes, but its prognostic importance around the time of both TAVR and transcatheter mitral valve repair has not been fully defined. METHODS: Among 73 699 patients who underwent transfemoral TAVR or transcatheter mitral valve repair between 2011 and 2018 (mean age, 81.9±7.0 years, 53% men, 92% TAVR), we constructed sequential models examining the association of health status (as assessed with the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire-Overall Summary Score; KCCQ-OS) at baseline, 30 days, change from baseline to 30 days, and combinations of these assessments with death and heart failure (HF) hospitalization from 30 days to 1 year. RESULTS: Although higher baseline KCCQ-OS and 30-day KCCQ-OS scores were each associated with lower risk of death and HF hospitalization (in individual models and in a model including both measures), the 30-day KCCQ-OS was most predictive (death: hazard ratio, 0.89 per 5-point increase [95% CI, 0.89-0.90]; HF hospitalization: hazard ratio, 0.91 [95% CI, 0.90-0.91]). The 30-day KCCQ-OS also was most predictive when included in a separate model with change in KCCQ from baseline to 30 days. Similar findings were noted for the outcomes of death and of HF hospitalization, unadjusted and adjusted for patient factors. All interaction terms between procedure type and KCCQ were not significant, suggesting that health status provided similar prognostic information in both procedures. CONCLUSIONS: The patient's assessment of their health status immediately before and 30 days after TAVR and transcatheter mitral valve repair is associated with subsequent risk of death and HF hospitalization, with the 30-day assessment being most strongly associated with outcomes. Our findings support the routine use of KCCQ data as a prognostic tool.


Assuntos
Cardiologia , Nível de Saúde , Cirurgiões , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
9.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 111(2): 701-722, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213826

RESUMO

The STS-ACC TVT Registry (Society of Thoracic Surgeons-American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry) from 2011 to 2019 has collected data on 276,316 patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) at sites in all U.S. states. Volumes have increased every year, exceeding surgical aortic valve replacement in 2019 (72,991 vs. 57,626), and it is now performed in all U.S. states. TAVR now extends from extreme- to low-risk patients. This is the first presentation on 8,395 low-risk patients treated in 2019. In 2019, for the entire cohort, femoral access increased to 95.3%, hospital stay was 2 days, and 90.3% were discharged home. Since 2011, the 30-day mortality rate has decreased (7.2% to 2.5%), stroke has started to decrease (2.75% to 2.3%), but pacemaker need is unchanged (10.9% to 10.8%). Alive with acceptable patient-reported outcomes is achieved in 8 of 10 patients at 1 year. The Registry is a national resource to improve care and analyze TAVR's evolution. Real-world outcomes, site performance, and the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 will be subsequently studied. (STS/ACC Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry [TVT Registry]; NCT01737528).


Assuntos
Sistema de Registros , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Marca-Passo Artificial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
10.
Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes ; 7(2): 208-213, 2021 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926005

RESUMO

AIMS: While complications of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) have decreased, they still occur commonly and may negatively impact both short- and long-term outcomes. We sought to examine the association of complications after TAVR with survival and health status in a real-world cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 45 884 TAVR patients from 513 US sites who survived 30 days, 21.4% had at least one major complication [stroke, bleed, vascular complication, new pacemaker, acute kidney injury (AKI), and moderate/severe paravalvular leak (PVL)]. In multivariable models, Stage 3 AKI [hazard ratio (HR) 3.43, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.64-4.45], stroke (HR 2.62, 95% CI 2.06-3.32), and bleeding (HR 1.83, 95% CI 1.55-2.16) were independently associated with significantly increased risk of early death (<3 months) with slight attenuation in these hazards between 3 and 12 months. Moderate/severe PVL (HR 1.37, 95% CI 1.21-1.55) and new pacemaker (HR 1.15, 95% CI 1.05-1.25) were associated with more modest risk of excess mortality that was consistent through 12 months. Among surviving patients, stroke (-6.1 points, 95% CI -8.4 to -3.7), moderate/severe PVL (-3.2 points, 95% CI -4.9 to -1.6), and new pacemaker (-2.3 points, 95% CI -3.2 to -1.5) were associated with less improvement in 1-year health status, as assessed by the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire. CONCLUSION: In this study of contemporary TAVR, we found that complications remain common within the first 30 days after TAVR and are associated with worse 1-year survival and health status among survivors. These findings support continued efforts to reduce major complications of TAVR and may also help define quality of care.

12.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 76(21): 2492-2516, 2020 11 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213729

RESUMO

The STS-ACC TVT Registry (Society of Thoracic Surgeons-American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry) from 2011 to 2019 has collected data on 276,316 patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) at sites in all U.S. states. Volumes have increased every year, exceeding surgical aortic valve replacement in 2019 (72,991 vs. 57,626), and it is now performed in all U.S. states. TAVR now extends from extreme- to low-risk patients. This is the first presentation on 8,395 low-risk patients treated in 2019. In 2019, for the entire cohort, femoral access increased to 95.3%, hospital stay was 2 days, and 90.3% were discharged home. Since 2011, the 30-day mortality rate has decreased (7.2% to 2.5%), stroke has started to decrease (2.75% to 2.3%), but pacemaker need is unchanged (10.9% to 10.8%). Alive with acceptable patient-reported outcomes is achieved in 8 of 10 patients at 1 year. The Registry is a national resource to improve care and analyze TAVR's evolution. Real-world outcomes, site performance, and the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 will be subsequently studied. (STS/ACC Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry [TVT Registry]; NCT01737528).


Assuntos
Sistema de Registros , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19 , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos
13.
Stroke ; 51(10): 3119-3123, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In patients with cryptogenic stroke and patent foramen ovale (PFO), the Risk of Paradoxical Embolism (RoPE) Score has been proposed as a method to estimate a patient-specific "PFO-attributable fraction"-the probability that a documented PFO is causally-related to the stroke, rather than an incidental finding. The objective of this research is to examine the relationship between this RoPE-estimated PFO-attributable fraction and the effect of closure in 3 randomized trials. METHODS: We pooled data from the CLOSURE-I (Evaluation of the STARFlex Septal Closure System in Patients With a Stroke and/or Transient Ischemic Attack due to Presumed Paradoxical Embolism through a Patent Foramen Ovale), RESPECT (Randomized Evaluation of Recurrent Stroke Comparing PFO Closure to Established Current Standard of Care Treatment), and PC (Clinical Trial Comparing Percutaneous Closure of Patent Foramen Ovale [PFO] Using the Amplatzer PFO Occluder With Medical Treatment in Patients With Cryptogenic Embolism) trials. We examine the treatment effect of closure in high RoPE score (≥7) versus low RoPE score (<7) patients. We also estimated the relative risk reduction associated with PFO closure across each level of the RoPE score using Cox proportional hazard analysis. We estimated a patient-specific attributable fraction using a PC trial-compatible (9-point) RoPE equation (omitting the neuroradiology variable), as well as a 2-trial analysis using the original (10-point) RoPE equation. We examined the Pearson correlation between the estimated attributable fraction and the relative risk reduction across RoPE strata. RESULTS: In the low RoPE score group (<7, n=912), the rate of recurrent strokes per 100 person-years was 1.37 in the device arm versus 1.68 in the medical arm (hazard ratio, 0.82 [0.42-1.59] P=0.56) compared with 0.30 versus 1.03 (hazard ratio, 0.31 [0.11-0.85] P=0.02) in the high RoPE score group (≥7, n=1221); treatment-by-RoPE score group interaction, P=0.12. The RoPE score estimated attributable fraction anticipated the relative risk reduction across all levels of the RoPE score, in both the 3-trial (r=0.95, P<0.001) and 2-trial (r=0.92, P<0.001) analyses. CONCLUSIONS: The RoPE score estimated attributable fraction is highly correlated to the relative risk reduction of device versus medical therapy. This observation suggests the RoPE score identifies patients with cryptogenic stroke who are likely to have a PFO that is pathogenic rather than incidental.


Assuntos
Embolia Paradoxal/etiologia , Forame Oval Patente/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Forame Oval Patente/cirurgia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Prevenção Secundária , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
JAMA Cardiol ; 5(9): 1006-1010, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936271

RESUMO

Importance: Geographic access to transcatheter aortic replacement (TAVR) centers varies in the United States as a result of controlled expansion through minimum volume requirements. Objective: To describe the current geographic access to TAVR centers in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: Observational study from June 1, 2015, to June 30, 2017. United States census data were used to describe access to TAVR center. Google Maps and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry were used to describe characteristics of patients undergoing successful TAVR according to proximity to implanting center. The study analyzed 47 527 537 individuals 65 years and older in the United States and 31 098 patients who underwent successful transfemoral TAVR, were linked to fee-for-service Medicare, and had a measurable driving time. Main Outcomes and Measures: Median driving distance to a TAVR center. Results: Among 40 537 zip codes in the United States, 490 (1.2%) contained a TAVR center, and among 305 hospital referral regions (HRR), 234 (76.7%) contained a TAVR center. Of the 31 749 patients who underwent successful transfemoral TAVR and were linked to fee-for-service Medicare, 31 098 had a measurable driving time. Mean (SD) age was 82.4 (6.9) years, 14 697 patients (47.3%) were women, and 7422 (23.87%) lived in a rural area. This translated to 1 232 568 of 47 527 537 individuals (2.6%) 65 years and older living in a zip code with a TAVR center and 43 789 169 (92.1%) living in an HRR with a TAVR center. Among 31 749 patients who underwent successful transfemoral TAVR and were linked to fee-for-service Medicare, 31 098 had a measurable driving time. All of these patients (100.0%) underwent their procedure in a TAVR center within their HRR, with 1350 (4.3%) undergoing TAVR in a center within their home zip code. Median driving time to implanting TAVR center was 35.0 minutes (IQR, 20.0-70.0 minutes), ranging from 2.0 minutes to 18 hours and 48 minutes. Conclusions and Relevance: Most US individuals 65 years and older live in an HRR with a TAVR center. Among patients undergoing successful transfemoral TAVR, median driving time to implanting center was 35.0 minutes. Within the context of the US health care system, where certain advanced procedures and specialized care are centralized, TAVR services have significant penetration. More studies are required to evaluate the effect of geographic location of TAVR sites on access to TAVR procedures among individuals with an indication for a TAVR within the US population.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Cardiologia , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco/métodos , Sociedades Médicas , Cirurgiões , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos
15.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 13(8): e006245, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813564

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Restricting transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) to centers based on volume thresholds alone can potentially create unintended disparities in healthcare access. We aimed to compare the influence of population density in state of Florida in regard to access to TAVR, TAVR utilization rates, and in-hospital mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 2011 to 2016, we used data from the Agency for Health Care Administration to calculate travel time and distance for each TAVR patient by comparing their home address to their TAVR facility ZIP code. Travel time and distance, TAVR rates, and mortality were compared across categories of low to high population density (population per square miles of land). Of the 6531 patients included, the mean (SD) age was 82 (9) years, 43% were female and 91% were White. Patients residing in the lowest category (<50/square miles) were younger, more likely to be men, and less likely to be a racial minority. Those residing in the lowest category density faced a longer unadjusted driving distances and times to their TAVR center (mean extra distance [miles]=43.5 [95% CI, 35.6-51.4]; P<0.001; mean extra time (minutes)=45.6 [95% CI, 38.3-52.9], P<0.001). This association persisted regardless of the methods used to determine population density. Excluding uninhabitable land, there was a 7-fold difference in TAVR utilization rates in the lowest versus highest population density regions (7 versus 45 per 100 000, P-for-pairwise-comparisons <0.001) and increase in TAVR in-hospital mortality (adjusted OR, 6.13 [95% CI, 1.97-19.1]; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Older patients living in rural counties in Florida face (1) significantly longer travel distances and times for TAVR, (2) lower TAVR utilization rates, and (3) higher adjusted TAVR mortality. These findings suggest that there are trade-offs between access to TAVR, its rate of utilization, and procedural mortality, all of which are important considerations when defining institutional and operator requirements for TAVR across the country.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Serviços de Saúde Rural/tendências , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/tendências , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Área Programática de Saúde , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Florida , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Densidade Demográfica , Características de Residência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Viagem/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(13): 1515-1525, 2020 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32535005

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to report the largest series of patients receiving a surgical reoperation after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) using the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Adult Cardiac Surgery Database. BACKGROUND: TAVR has become an effective means of treating aortic stenosis. As TAVR is used in progressively lower-risk cohorts, management of device failure will become increasingly important. METHODS: The STS Adult Cardiac Surgery Database was queried for patients with a history of prior TAVR undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement from 2011 to 2015. Observed-to-expected (O/E) mortality ratios were determined to facilitate comparison across reoperative indications and timing from index TAVR procedure. RESULTS: A total of 123 patients met inclusion criteria (median age 77 years) with an STS Predicted Risk of Mortality of 4%, 4% to 8%, and >8% in 17%, 24%, and 59%, respectively. Median time to reoperation was 2.5 (interquartile range: 0.7 to 13.0) months, and the operative mortality rate was 17.1%. Common indications for reoperation included early TAVR device failures such as paravalvular leak (15%), structural prosthetic deterioration (11%), failed repair (11%), sizing or position issues (11%), and prosthetic valve endocarditis (10%). All pre-operative risk categories were associated with an increased O/E mortality ratio (Predicted Risk of Mortality <4%: O/E 5.5; 4% to 8%: O/E 1.7; >8%: O/E 1.2). CONCLUSIONS: SAVR following early failure of TAVR, while rare, is associated with worse-than-expected outcomes as compared with similar patients initially undergoing SAVR. Continued experience with this developing technology is needed to reduce the incidence of early TAVR failure and further define optimal treatment of failed TAVR prostheses.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Falha de Prótese , Reoperação , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Reoperação/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Neurology ; 94(20): 876-885, 2020 05 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350058

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To update the 2016 American Academy of Neurology (AAN) practice advisory for patients with stroke and patent foramen ovale (PFO). METHODS: The guideline panel followed the AAN 2017 guideline development process to systematically review studies published through December 2017 and formulate recommendations. MAJOR RECOMMENDATIONS: In patients being considered for PFO closure, clinicians should ensure that an appropriately thorough evaluation has been performed to rule out alternative mechanisms of stroke (level B). In patients with a higher risk alternative mechanism of stroke identified, clinicians should not routinely recommend PFO closure (level B). Clinicians should counsel patients that having a PFO is common; that it occurs in about 1 in 4 adults in the general population; that it is difficult to determine with certainty whether their PFO caused their stroke; and that PFO closure probably reduces recurrent stroke risk in select patients (level B). In patients younger than 60 years with a PFO and embolic-appearing infarct and no other mechanism of stroke identified, clinicians may recommend closure following a discussion of potential benefits (absolute recurrent stroke risk reduction of 3.4% at 5 years) and risks (periprocedural complication rate of 3.9% and increased absolute rate of non-periprocedural atrial fibrillation of 0.33% per year) (level C). In patients who opt to receive medical therapy alone without PFO closure, clinicians may recommend an antiplatelet medication such as aspirin or anticoagulation (level C).


Assuntos
Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Forame Oval Patente/prevenção & controle , Prevenção Secundária , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Forame Oval Patente/complicações , Humanos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal/efeitos adversos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos
18.
Echocardiography ; 37(5): 769-780, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32338402

RESUMO

Increased catheter-based interventions in congenital and structural heart disease require imaging modalities to be oriented in the same visual perspective. The use of echocardiography-fluoroscopy fusion (EFF) imaging has been developed for better characterization of complex anatomy and to facilitate key steps in interventional procedures. This review will detail the technology behind EFF, the differences between the two ultrasound fusion systems, and essential features of EFF imaging in congenital and structural heart disease interventions.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Radiografia Intervencionista , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Ecocardiografia , Fluoroscopia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem Multimodal , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
19.
JAMA Neurol ; 77(7): 878-886, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282016

RESUMO

Importance: Recent epidemiologic and therapeutic advances have transformed understanding of the role of and therapeutic approach to patent foramen ovale (PFO) in ischemic stroke. Patent foramen ovale is likely responsible for approximately 5% of all ischemic strokes and 10% of those occurring in young and middle-aged adults. Observations: Randomized clinical trials have demonstrated that, to prevent recurrent ischemic stroke in patients with PFO and an otherwise-cryptogenic index ischemic stroke, PFO closure is superior to antiplatelet medical therapy alone; these trials have provided some evidence that, among medical therapy options, anticoagulants may be more effective than antiplatelet agents. Conclusions and Relevance: These new data indicate a need to update classification schemes of causative mechanisms in stroke, developed in an era in which an association between PFO and stroke was viewed as uncertain. We propose a revised general nomenclature and classification framework for PFO-associated stroke and detailed revisions for the 3 major stroke subtyping algorithms in wide use.


Assuntos
Forame Oval Patente/complicações , AVC Isquêmico/classificação , AVC Isquêmico/etiologia , Humanos , Terminologia como Assunto
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