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1.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(4): 442-452.e12, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582116

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated and compared the completeness of reporting of abstracts of orthodontics systematic reviews before and after the publication of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) extension for Abstracts Checklist (PRISMA-A). METHODS: Abstracts of systematic reviews and meta-analyses in orthodontics published in PubMed, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews databases before March 23, 2018, that met the predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria, were evaluated using the 12 items of PRISMA-A, scoring each item from 0 to 2. Abstracts were classified into 2 groups: before and after publication of the PRISMA-A checklist. Three calibrated evaluators (intraclass correlation coefficient and kappa > 0.8) assessed the scores for compliance with the checklist. The number of authors, country of affiliation of the first author, performance of meta-analysis, and topic of the article were recorded. A regression analysis was performed to assess the associations between abstract characteristics and the PRISMA-A scores. RESULTS: Of 1034 abstracts evaluated, 389 were included in the analysis. The mean PRISMA-A score was 53.39 (95% CI, 51.83-54.96). The overall score for studies published after the publication of the checklist was significantly higher than for studies published before (P ≤ 0.0001). The components returning significantly higher scores after publication of PRISMA-A were title (P = 0.024), information from databases (P = 0.026), risk of bias (P ≤ 0.0001), included studies (P ≤ 0.0001), synthesis of results (P ≤ 0.0001), interpretation of results (P = 0.035), financing and conflict of interest (P ≤ 0.0001), and registration (P ≤ 0.0001). These results showed the positive effect of PRISMA-A had on the quality of reporting of orthodontics systematic reviews. Nevertheless, the poor adherence revealed that there is still need for improvement in the quality of abstract reporting. CONCLUSIONS: The quality of reporting of abstracts of orthodontic systematic reviews and meta-analyses increased after the introduction of PRISMA-A.


Assuntos
Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Ortodontia/normas , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/normas , Editoração/normas , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Bibliometria , Lista de Checagem , Humanos , Controle de Qualidade
2.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 21(2): 88-94, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27275620

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of a finishing protocol implemented in patients treated in the Orthodontics graduate program at Universidad de Antioquia. Evaluation was carried out by means of the criteria set by the Objective Grading System (OGS) of the American Board of Orthodontics (ABO). METHODS: Cast models and panoramic radiographs of 34 patients were evaluated. The intervention group (IG) consisted of 17 patients (19.88 ± 4.4 years old) treated under a finishing protocol. This protocol included training in finishing, application of a finishing guide, brackets repositioning and patient's follow-up. Results of the IG were compared to a control group of 17 patients (21.88 ± 7.0 years old) selected by stratified randomization without finishing intervention (CG). RESULTS: The scores for both CG and IG were 38.00 ± 9.0 and 31.41 ± 9.6 (p = 0.048), respectively. The score improved significantly in the IG group, mainly regarding marginal ridges (CG: 5.59 ± 2.2; IG: 3.65 ± 1.8) (p = 0.009) and root angulation (CG: 7.59 ± 2.8; IG: 4.88 ± 2.6) (p = 0.007). Criteria that did not improve, but had the highest scores were: alignment (CG: 6.35 ± 2.7; IG: 6.82 ± 2.8) (p = 0.62) and buccolingual inclination (CG: 3.6 ± 5.88; IG: 5.29 ± 3.9) (p = 0.65). CONCLUSIONS: Standardization and implementation of a finishing protocol contributed to improve clinical performance in the Orthodontics graduate program, as expressed by occlusal outcomes. Greater emphasis should be given on the finishing phase to achieve lower scores in the ABO grading system.


Assuntos
Polimento Dentário , Estética Dentária , Ortodontia Corretiva , Resultado do Tratamento , Adolescente , Colômbia , Modelos Dentários , Oclusão Dentária , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ortodontia Corretiva/educação , Radiografia Panorâmica , Adulto Jovem
3.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 21(2): 88-94, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-782954

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the results of a finishing protocol implemented in patients treated in the Orthodontics graduate program at Universidad de Antioquia. Evaluation was carried out by means of the criteria set by the Objective Grading System (OGS) of the American Board of Orthodontics (ABO). Methods: Cast models and panoramic radiographs of 34 patients were evaluated. The intervention group (IG) consisted of 17 patients (19.88 ± 4.4 years old) treated under a finishing protocol. This protocol included training in finishing, application of a finishing guide, brackets repositioning and patient's follow-up. Results of the IG were compared to a control group of 17 patients (21.88 ± 7.0 years old) selected by stratified randomization without finishing intervention (CG). Results: The scores for both CG and IG were 38.00 ± 9.0 and 31.41 ± 9.6 (p = 0.048), respectively. The score improved significantly in the IG group, mainly regarding marginal ridges (CG: 5.59 ± 2.2; IG: 3.65 ± 1.8) (p = 0.009) and root angulation (CG: 7.59 ± 2.8; IG: 4.88 ± 2.6) (p = 0.007). Criteria that did not improve, but had the highest scores were: alignment (CG: 6.35 ± 2.7; IG: 6.82 ± 2.8) (p = 0.62) and buccolingual inclination (CG: 3.6 ± 5.88; IG: 5.29 ± 3.9) (p = 0.65). Conclusions: Standardization and implementation of a finishing protocol contributed to improve clinical performance in the Orthodontics graduate program, as expressed by occlusal outcomes. Greater emphasis should be given on the finishing phase to achieve lower scores in the ABO grading system.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar os resultados da implementação de um protocolo de finalização em pacientes tratados no programa de pós-graduação em Ortodontia da Universidad de Antioquia. A avaliação foi conduzida utilizando-se os critérios definidos pelo Objective Grading System (OGS) do American Board of Orthodontics (ABO). Métodos: modelos de gesso e radiografias panorâmicas de 34 pacientes foram avaliados. O grupo experimental (GE) consistiu de 17 pacientes (idade média = 19,88 ± 4,4 anos) submetidos a um protocolo de finalização que incluiu o treinamento para a etapa de finalização, a aplicação de um guia de finalização, o reposicionamento de braquetes e o acompanhamento dos pacientes. Os resultados obtidos para o GE foram comparados aos resultados de um grupo controle (GC), não submetido à etapa de finalização, composto por 17 pacientes (idade média = 21,88 ± 7,0 anos) selecionados por um método de amostragem aleatória estratificada. Resultados: os escores do GC e do GE foram de 38,00 ± 9,0 e 31,41 ± 9,6 (p = 0,048), respectivamente. Houve melhora significativa no escore do grupo GE, principalmente com relação às cristas marginais (GC = 5,59 ± 2,2; GE = 3,65 ± 1,8) (p = 0,009) e à angulação da raiz (GC = 7,59 ± 2,8; GE = 4,88 ± 2,6) (p = 0,007). Os critérios que não apresentaram melhora, mas obtiveram os escores mais altos, foram: alinhamento (GC = 6,35 ± 2,7; GE = 6,82 ± 2,8) (p = 0,62) e vestibularização (GC = 3,6 ± 5,88; GE = 5,29 ± 3,9) (p = 0,65). Conclusões: a implementação de um protocolo padronizado de finalização contribuiu para melhorar o desempenho clínico dos alunos em um programa de pós-graduação em Ortodontia, conforme demonstram os resultados oclusais. Maior ênfase deveria ser dada à fase de finalização, para se obter escores mais baixos no OGS do ABO.

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