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1.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(6): 2293-2306, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269186

RESUMO

The eating habits of pregnant women are influenced by several factors, and it is essential to understand them in order to establish nutritional interventions in prenatal care. The objective of this integrative review was to analyze the bibliographic production on the eating habits of pregnant Brazilian women. A search was conducted in the Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Scientific Electronic Library Online databases (SciELO) using the following key words: "Gestantes" or "Grávidas" and "Hábitos Alimentares" in Portuguese, and "Pregnant women" and "Eating habits" and "Brazil" in English. After the adoption of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 18 studies were analyzed. Some studies targeted specific populations such as adolescents or non-obese pregnant women. The Food Frequency Questionnaire was the instrument most often used to investigate food consumption among pregnant women. The majority of the studies revealed that the diet of pregnant women needs improvement, especially due to the low consumption of fruit, greens and vegetables, and the high consumption of sugar, sweets and fats. Most studies concluded and reinforced the importance and need for nutritional education by prenatal professionals. More studies are needed to better understand these eating habits.

2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(6): 2293-2306, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011801

RESUMO

Resumo Os hábitos alimentares das mulheres grávidas são influenciados por diversos fatores, sendo essencial conhecê-los para poder realizar intervenções nutricionais na atenção pré-natal. O objetivo desta revisão integrativa foi analisar a produção bibliográfica sobre hábitos alimentares de gestantes brasileiras. Foram buscados artigos na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science e na Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO) utilizando os seguintes descritores: "Gestantes" OR "Grávidas" AND "Hábitos Alimentares" e os termos "Pregnant women" AND "Food habits" AND "Brazil" para busca em inglês. Após a adoção dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão foram analisados 18 estudos. Alguns estudos contemplaram populações específicas como adolescentes ou gestantes não obesas. O instrumento mais utilizado para investigação do consumo alimentar de gestantes foi o Questionário de Frequência Alimentar. A maioria mostrou que a dieta das gestantes precisa de melhorias, especialmente pelo baixo consumo de frutas, verduras e hortaliças, elevado consumo de açúcares, doces e gorduras. A maioria dos estudos concluiu e reforçou a importância e a necessidade da educação nutricional pelos profissionais atuantes no pré-natal. Mais estudos são necessários para compreensão mais acurada destes hábitos alimentares.


Abstract The eating habits of pregnant women are influenced by several factors, and it is essential to understand them in order to establish nutritional interventions in prenatal care. The objective of this integrative review was to analyze the bibliographic production on the eating habits of pregnant Brazilian women. A search was conducted in the Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Scientific Electronic Library Online databases (SciELO) using the following key words: "Gestantes" or "Grávidas" and "Hábitos Alimentares" in Portuguese, and "Pregnant women" and "Eating habits" and "Brazil" in English. After the adoption of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 18 studies were analyzed. Some studies targeted specific populations such as adolescents or non-obese pregnant women. The Food Frequency Questionnaire was the instrument most often used to investigate food consumption among pregnant women. The majority of the studies revealed that the diet of pregnant women needs improvement, especially due to the low consumption of fruit, greens and vegetables, and the high consumption of sugar, sweets and fats. Most studies concluded and reinforced the importance and need for nutritional education by prenatal professionals. More studies are needed to better understand these eating habits.

3.
Matern Child Health J ; 23(5): 692-703, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30610533

RESUMO

Objectives Nutrition during pregnancy is related with many maternal and child outcomes. To investigate the consumption of ultra-processed foods is one of the newest methods to evaluate food consumption, but these studies in pregnant women are rare. Methods We conducted a non-randomized controlled educational intervention on healthy eating and physical activity during pregnancy in primary health care units of Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil. The sample comprised two groups of pregnant women with low obstetric risk, an intervention group (n = 181) and a control group (n = 172). The health professionals that assisted the pregnant women from the intervention group were trained to promote five healthy food practices during the prenatal care appointments: consumption of three fruits; two portions of vegetables; two portions of beans, at least 5 days per week; and restriction of soft drinks and industrially processed cookies. All pregnant women answered two 24-h dietary recalls per trimester, one face-to-face, another by telephone. The foods consumed by pregnant women were classified according Nova. The impact of the intervention on the ultra-processed food consumption was evaluated by multilevel linear regression analysis. Results A quarter of the energy consumed by the pregnant women provided from ultra-processed foods. The intervention reduced these percentage of energy between the first and second trimester of pregnancy by 4.6 points (p = 0.015). This effect was not observed in the third trimester of pregnancy. Conclusions for Practice Training health care professionals to promote healthy food practices is a viable and sustainable alternative to reduce ultra-processed foods during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Gestantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Metabolismo Energético , Exercício/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Estado Nutricional , Gravidez
4.
Cien Saude Colet ; 23(8): 2713-2720, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30137140

RESUMO

The main objective of this study was to identify risk factors for neonatal death in an inland region of the State of São Paulo. A case-control study was conducted using a case group of 162 child deaths that occurred in 2009 in the state's VI Regional Health Department - Bauru. The control group consisted of 324 children selected from the Live Births Information System database who shared the same birth date and city of residence. Univariate and hierarchical multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the factors associated with neonatal death by calculating crude odds ratios adjusted for potential confounders and respective 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: The likelihood of neonatal death was greater among women who had had a history of infant death (OR = 24.97, CI = 12.20 to 51.10) and who had had only up to three antenatal appointments (OR = 11.40, CI = 5, 92 to 21.93), and among infants born at less than 28 weeks of gestation (OR = 168.00, CI = 49.63 to 568.66). The influence of birth weight was also observed among newborns weighing under 1,500g. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified five independent risk factors for neonatal death, the most notable of which is maternal history of neonatal death, which has not been properly acknowledged as a risk factor by previous studies.

5.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(8): 2713-2720, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-952733

RESUMO

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é identificar os fatores de risco de óbito neonatal em região do interior paulista. Estudo de casos e controles. O grupo casos foi constituído por 162 crianças/óbitos neonatais ocorridos em 2009 na região do Departamento Regional de Saúde VI- Bauru/SP. Compuseram o grupo controle 324 crianças selecionadas do Sistema de Informações de Nascidos Vivos dentre aquelas com o mesmo ano de nascimento e município de residência. Para identificar os fatores associados ao óbito neonatal, realizou-se análise de regressão logística univariada e múltipla hierarquizada, estimando-se as razões de odds (e respectivos intervalos de confiança de 95%) brutas e ajustadas para potenciais fatores de confusão. Apresentaram maior chance de óbito os neonatos cujas mães tinham história de óbito infantil, realizaram até três consultas pré-natais e idade gestacional inferior a 28 semanas. A influência do peso ao nascer foi observada apenas entre crianças com peso inferior a 1500g. Este estudo identificou, de maneira independente, cinco fatores de risco para o óbito neonatal, com destaque para a história materna de óbito infantil anterior, fator ainda não valorizado em estudos prévios.


Abstract The main objective of this study was to identify risk factors for neonatal death in an inland region of the State of São Paulo. A case-control study was conducted using a case group of 162 child deaths that occurred in 2009 in the state's VI Regional Health Department - Bauru. The control group consisted of 324 children selected from the Live Births Information System database who shared the same birth date and city of residence. Univariate and hierarchical multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the factors associated with neonatal death by calculating crude odds ratios adjusted for potential confounders and respective 95% confidence intervals. Results: The likelihood of neonatal death was greater among women who had had a history of infant death (OR = 24.97, CI = 12.20 to 51.10) and who had had only up to three antenatal appointments (OR = 11.40, CI = 5, 92 to 21.93), and among infants born at less than 28 weeks of gestation (OR = 168.00, CI = 49.63 to 568.66). The influence of birth weight was also observed among newborns weighing under 1,500g. Conclusions: This study identified five independent risk factors for neonatal death, the most notable of which is maternal history of neonatal death, which has not been properly acknowledged as a risk factor by previous studies.

6.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 31(4): 351-358, jul.-ago. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-973399

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo Investigar a prevalência e fatores de risco para sintomas depressivos maternos no puerpério imediato. Métodos Estudo transversal, realizado com 1099 puérperas. A presença de sintomas depressivos maternos foi obtida com a escala de Depressão Pós-natal de Edimburgo, aplicada no segundo dia após o parto, adotando-se como ponto de corte escore ≥10. Os dados foram coletados em Botucatu-SP, no período de janeiro a junho de 2012. Fatores associados aos sintomas depressivos foram inicialmente investigados por regressão logística múltipla e aqueles associados em nível de p<0,20 foram incluídos em modelo de regressão final, considerando-se nível crítico de significância p<0,05, com intervalo de confiança de 95%. Este estudo foi aprovado por Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa e atendeu às recomendações para pesquisas com seres humanos. Resultados A prevalência de sintomas depressivos foi de 6,7%. Uso de medicação antidepressiva na gestação, violência sofrida na gestação e cesariana associaram-se a sintomas depressivos no puerpério imediato em duas, quatro e duas vezes, respectivamente. Conclusão Especial atenção deve ser dada às mulheres usuárias de medicação antidepressiva, àquelas que sofreram violência na gestação e às que evoluíram para cesariana, visto que esses eventos foram identificados como fatores de risco de sintomas depressivos.


Resumen Objetivo Investigar la prevalencia y factores de riesgo para síntomas depresivos maternos en el período inmediatamente posterior al parto. Métodos Estudio transversal realizado con 1099 parturientas. La presencia de síntomas depresivos maternos se logró con la escala de Depresión Postnatal de Edimburgo, aplicada en el segundo día después del parto, adoptándose como punto de corte la puntuación de ≥10. Se recogieron datos en Botucatu-SP, en el período de enero a junio de 2012. Los factores asociados a los síntomas depresivos fueron investigados inicialmente por regresión logística múltiple y los asociados a nivel de p<0,20 se incluyeron en el modelo de regresión final, teniendo en cuenta el nivel crítico de significancia p<0,05 con un intervalo de confianza del 95%. Este estudio fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación y contempló las recomendaciones para investigaciones con seres humanos. Resultados La prevalencia de síntomas depresivos fue del 6,7%. El uso de medicación antidepresiva en la gestación, violencia sufrida en la gestación y cesárea, se asociaron a síntomas depresivos en el puerperio inmediato en dos, cuatro y dos veces, respectivamente. Conclusión Se debe prestar especial atención a las mujeres usuarias de medicamentos antidepresivos, a las que han sufrido violencia durante el embarazo y a las que han tenido una cesárea, ya que estos eventos fueron identificados como factores de riesgo para síntomas depresivos.


Abstract Objective Investigate the prevalence and risk factors for maternal depressive symptoms in the immediate postpartum period. Methods Cross-sectional study, involving 1099 postpartum women. The presence of maternal depressive symptoms was measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, applied on the second day after birth, adopting ≥10 as a cut-off point. The data were collected in Botucatu-SP between January and June 2012. Factors associated with the depressive symptoms were initially investigated using multiple logistic regression, and those associated at the level of p<0.20 were included in the final regression model, significance being set as p<0.05, with a 95% confidence level. This study received approval from a Research Ethics Committee and complied with the recommendations for research involving human beings. Results The prevalence of depressive symptoms amounted to 6.7%. Use of antidepressants during pregnancy, violence suffering during pregnancy and cesarean section were associated with the depressive symptoms in the immediate postpartum two, four and two times, respectively. Conclusion Women taking antidepressants, who were victims of violence during pregnancy and who gave birth through a cesarean section need particular attention, considering that these events were identified as risk factors for depressive symptoms.

7.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 64(2): 133-139, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29641662

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess body composition status and its association with inflammatory profile and extent of intestinal damage in ulcerative colitis patients during clinical remission. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study in which body composition data (phase angle [PhA], fat mass [FM], triceps skin fold thickness [TSFt], mid-arm circumference [MAC], mid-arm muscle circumference [MAMC], adductor pollicis muscle thickness [APMt]), inflammatory profile (C-reactive protein [CRP], a1-acid glycoprotein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR]) and disease extent were recorded. RESULTS: The mean age of the 59 patients was 48.1 years; 53.3% were women. Most patients were in clinical remission (94.9%) and 3.4% was malnourished according to body mass index. PhA was inversely correlated with inflammatory markers such as CRP (R=-0.59; p<0.001) and ESR (R=-0.46; p<0.001) and directly correlated with lean mass: MAMC (R=0.31; p=0.01) and APMt (R=0.47; p<0.001). Lean mass was inversely correlated with non-specific inflammation marker (APMt vs. ESR) and directly correlated with hemoglobin values (MAMC vs. hemoglobin). Logistic regression analysis revealed that body cell mass was associated with disease extent (OR 0.92; 95CI 0.87-0.97; p<0.01). CONCLUSION: PhA was inversely correlated with inflammatory markers and directly correlated with lean mass. Acute inflammatory markers were correlated with disease extent. Body cell mass was associated with disease extent.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Colite Ulcerativa/fisiopatologia , Estado Nutricional/fisiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Avaliação Nutricional , Orosomucoide/análise
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(2): 133-139, Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-896425

RESUMO

Summary Objective: The aim of our study was to assess body composition status and its association with inflammatory profile and extent of intestinal damage in ulcerative colitis patients during clinical remission. Method: This is a cross-sectional study in which body composition data (phase angle [PhA], fat mass [FM], triceps skin fold thickness [TSFt], mid-arm circumference [MAC], mid-arm muscle circumference [MAMC], adductor pollicis muscle thickness [APMt]), inflammatory profile (C-reactive protein [CRP], a1-acid glycoprotein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR]) and disease extent were recorded. Results: The mean age of the 59 patients was 48.1 years; 53.3% were women. Most patients were in clinical remission (94.9%) and 3.4% was malnourished according to body mass index. PhA was inversely correlated with inflammatory markers such as CRP (R=-0.59; p<0.001) and ESR (R=-0.46; p<0.001) and directly correlated with lean mass: MAMC (R=0.31; p=0.01) and APMt (R=0.47; p<0.001). Lean mass was inversely correlated with non-specific inflammation marker (APMt vs. ESR) and directly correlated with hemoglobin values (MAMC vs. hemoglobin). Logistic regression analysis revealed that body cell mass was associated with disease extent (OR 0.92; 95CI 0.87-0.97; p<0.01). Conclusion: PhA was inversely correlated with inflammatory markers and directly correlated with lean mass. Acute inflammatory markers were correlated with disease extent. Body cell mass was associated with disease extent.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a composição corporal de pacientes portadores de retocolite ulcerativa em remissão clínica e sua associação com o perfil inflamatório e a extensão da lesão intestinal. Método: Foi realizado um estudo transversal. Os dados relacionados à composição corporal foram ângulo de fase (AF), massa adiposa (MA), dobra cutânea triciptal (DCT), circunferência do braço (CB), circunferência muscular do braço (CMB) e espessura do músculo adutor do polegar (EMAP). O perfil inflamatório foi avaliado através da dosagem da proteína-C reativa (PCR), a1-glicoproteína ácida e velocidade de hemossedimentação (VHS) e a extensão da doença foi avaliada de acordo com o exame endoscópico. Resultados: Foram avaliados 59 pacientes. A média de idade foi de 48,1 anos e 53,3% eram mulheres. A maioria dos pacientes (94,9%) estava em remissão clínica da doença e 3,4% foi classificada como desnutrida de acordo com o IMC. Observou-se uma correlação inversa entre AF e marcadores inflamatórios como a PCR (R=-0,59; p<0,001) e VHS (R=-0,46; p<0,001) e uma correlação direta entre AF e os indicadores de massa magra como CMB (R=0,31; p=0,01) e EMAP (R=0,47; p<0,001). A massa magra foi inversamente correlacionada com marcadores inflamatórios não específicos, como a VHS, e diretamente correlacionada com a hemoglobina. De acordo com a análise de regressão logística, a massa celular corporal foi associada com extensão da lesão intestinal (OR 0,92; IC95% 0,87-0,97; p<0,01). Conclusão: AF foi inversamente correlacionado com marcadores inflamatórios e diretamente correlacionado com a massa magra. Marcadores inflamatórios de fase aguda e massa celular corporal foram correlacionados com extensão da lesão intestinal.

9.
Cad Saude Publica ; 32(12): e00127815, 2016 Dec 15.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27992038

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify the prevalence of inadequate calcium and vitamin D dietary intake and related factors in two cohorts of pregnant women according to trimester of pregnancy. Two 24-hour dietary recall tests were taken in each trimester, one pertaining to weekends. Variables significantly correlated with intake of these nutrients were included in a multivariate linear regression model, adjusted for energy. Prevalence of inadequate intake was estimated according to the National Cancer Institute method (United States). In cohort A, inadequate vitamin D did not differ between trimesters; in B there was a reduction: from 99.7% in the first trimester to 97.1% in the third. In cohorts A and B, inadequate calcium intake exceeded 70%, falling slightly from the first (89.2% and 81.4%) to the second (79.7% and 69.1%) and third trimesters (82.7% and 72.6%). There was no correlation between maternal variables and the intake of these micronutrients. In conclusion, intake of vitamin D and calcium is seriously inadequate and distributed homogeneously among pregnant women in the primary healthcare network.


Assuntos
Cálcio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ingestão de Energia , Comportamento Alimentar , Vitamina D/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Registros de Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Estado Nutricional , Paridade , Gravidez , Trimestres da Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
10.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 16(1): 175, 2016 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27439974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The knowledge and practices of health professionals have a recognized role in behaviors related to the health of their patients. During pregnancy, this influence can be even stronger because there is frequent contact between women and doctors/nurses at periodic antenatal visits. When trained, supported and motivated, these professionals can act as health promoters. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a focused educational intervention on improving the knowledge and practices of health professionals concerning diet and physical activity during pregnancy. METHODS: A controlled, non-randomized study was performed to assess the effects of an educational intervention on the knowledge and practices of nurses and doctors who provide primary care to pregnant women. The intervention group, doctors and nurses (n = 22) from the family health units in a medium-sized city of São Paulo State, Brazil, received 16 h of training comprising an introductory course and three workshops, whereas the control group, doctors and nurses (n = 20) from traditional basic health units in Botucatu, did not. The professionals' knowledge was assessed at two time points, 1 month prior to and 1 year after the beginning of the intervention, using an ad hoc self-report questionnaire. The increases in the knowledge scores for walking and healthy eating of the intervention and control groups were calculated and compared using Student's t-test. To analyze the professionals' practice, women in the second trimester of pregnancy were asked whether they received guidance on healthy eating and leisure-time walking; 140 of these women were cared for by professionals in the intervention group, and 141 were cared for by professionals in the control group. The percentage of pregnant women in each group that received guidance was compared using the chi-square test and the Prevalence Ratio (PR), and the corresponding 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. RESULTS: The intervention improved the professionals' knowledge regarding leisure-time walking (92 % increase in the score, p < 0.001). The women who were cared for by the intervention group were more likely to receive guidance regarding leisure-time walking (PR = 2.65; 95 % CI = 1.82-3.83) and healthy eating (PR = 1.76; 95 % CI = 1.34-2.31) when compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: It is possible to improve the knowledge and practices of health professionals through the proposed intervention aimed at primary health care teams providing antenatal care.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Educação Médica Continuada , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem , Padrões de Prática Médica , Adulto , Aconselhamento Diretivo , Feminino , Dieta Saudável , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Caminhada
11.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 19(1): 75-88, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27167650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify socio-demographic factors, characteristics and pregnancy complications associated with elective cesarean section. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. A total of 1,295 births in the first semester of 2012 in Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil, were evaluated in a large epidemiological study of maternal and child morbidity and mortality. This article compares women who had normal births (n = 405) with 214 undergoing elective cesarean section, defined as scheduled and without reference in hospital records or prenatal card of absolute, relative indication or any medical reason for that. Data were obtained from hospital records, prenatal card and interview with women, soon after parturition. Univariate analysis was conducted and evaluated by Fisher's exact or χ2 tests. Variables with p < 0.20 were grouped into three blocks and, by hierarchical multiple logistic regression model, the associated factors with elective cesarean section were identified, considering p < 0.05. RESULTS: Socio-demographic variables (age ≥ 18 years, ≥ high school education, paid work and living with a partner) were independently associated with increased odds of elective cesarean section. Regardless of these, there was an association between elective caesarean section and prenatal and place of birth, with a higher chance of birth by elective caesarean section when the woman was assisted by the supplementary health network. Taking as indicators of unfavorable socioeconomic conditions the low education, the payment of prenatal and childbirth by the Unified Health System, it can be said that there was an association between elective caesarean section and better socio-economic conditions. CONCLUSION: Actions in the supplementary health network are required to approach the cesarean delivery rate in the municipality to the international recommendations.


Assuntos
Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Parto , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 19(1): 75-88, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-781593

RESUMO

RESUMO: Objetivo: Identificar fatores sociodemográficos, características e intercorrências gestacionais associadas à realização de cesárea eletiva. Métodos: Estudo transversal. De um total de 1.295 nascimentos ocorridos no primeiro semestre de 2012 no município de Botucatu, São Paulo, avaliados em um amplo estudo epidemiológico sobre morbimortalidade materna e infantil, o presente artigo compara mulheres que tiveram partos normais (n = 405) com as 214 submetidas à cesárea eletiva, definida como agendada, sem referência no prontuário hospitalar ou cartão de pré-natal de indicação absoluta ou relativa ou a qualquer motivo de ordem médica. Os dados foram obtidos dos registros hospitalares, cartão de pré-natal e entrevista com as mulheres, logo após o parto. Realizou-se análise univariada, avaliada pelo teste exato de Fisher ou χ2. Variáveis com p < 0,20 foram então agrupadas em três blocos e, mediante modelo de regressão logística múltiplo, hierarquizado, identificaram-se fatores associados à cesárea eletiva, considerando-se p < 0,05. Resultados: Variáveis sociodemográficas (idade ≥ 18 anos, escolaridade ≥ ensino médio, trabalho remunerado e viver com companheiro) associaram-se de modo independente à maior chance de cesárea eletiva. Independente destas, houve associação entre cesárea eletiva e local de pré-natal e parto, sendo maior a chance de nascimento por cesárea eletiva quando a mulher foi assistida na rede de saúde suplementar. Tomando como indicadores de condições socioeconômicas desfavoráveis baixa escolaridade, ter pagamento do pré-natal e parto pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), pode-se afirmar que houve associação entre cesárea eletiva e melhores condições socioeconômicas. Conclusão: São necessárias ações na rede suplementar para aproximar das recomendações internacionais a taxa global de cesáreas no município.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To identify socio-demographic factors, characteristics and pregnancy complications associated with elective cesarean section. Methods: Cross-sectional study. A total of 1,295 births in the first semester of 2012 in Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil, were evaluated in a large epidemiological study of maternal and child morbidity and mortality. This article compares women who had normal births (n = 405) with 214 undergoing elective cesarean section, defined as scheduled and without reference in hospital records or prenatal card of absolute, relative indication or any medical reason for that. Data were obtained from hospital records, prenatal card and interview with women, soon after parturition. Univariate analysis was conducted and evaluated by Fisher's exact or χ2 tests. Variables with p < 0.20 were grouped into three blocks and, by hierarchical multiple logistic regression model, the associated factors with elective cesarean section were identified, considering p < 0.05. Results: Socio-demographic variables (age ≥ 18 years, ≥ high school education, paid work and living with a partner) were independently associated with increased odds of elective cesarean section. Regardless of these, there was an association between elective caesarean section and prenatal and place of birth, with a higher chance of birth by elective caesarean section when the woman was assisted by the supplementary health network. Taking as indicators of unfavorable socioeconomic conditions the low education, the payment of prenatal and childbirth by the Unified Health System, it can be said that there was an association between elective caesarean section and better socio-economic conditions. Conclusion: Actions in the supplementary health network are required to approach the cesarean delivery rate in the municipality to the international recommendations.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Parto , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Fatores Socioeconômicos
13.
Cien Saude Colet ; 21(1): 233-41, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26816180

RESUMO

This study sought to analyze the frequency of preterm births and identify the respective risk factors and their evolution over a decade (2001-2005-2010) in a city in São Paulo state. It is a time-series study using data from the Live Birth Information System. Univariate and multiple logistic regression were used to identify factors associated with preterm births, and linear regression was used to evaluate the time-series tendency of such factors in the period. To avoid underestimation, a correction factor was applied to the preterm frequencies obtained. A discrete increase in preterm birth was observed: 12.5%, 12% and 13.2%. After adjusting for confounding factors, maternal age equal to or higher than 35 years and cesarean sections were associated with higher chances for preterm births and increased over the decade. The number of births in high-risk hospitals and of women with fewer than seven prenatal consultations decreased during the period, while multiple pregnancies remained stable. Compared to vaginal births, cesarean sections doubled the chance of preterm birth. Among the five factors associated with preterm birth, three (cesarean sections, births in high-risk hospitals and fewer than seven prenatal consultations) can be modified by actions taken by health care services.


Assuntos
Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Adulto , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Nascimento Vivo , Modelos Logísticos , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
14.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 21(1): 233-241, Jan. 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-770662

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivou-se analisar a frequência de nascimentos pré-termo, identificar fatores de risco e a evolução destes em uma década (2001-20052010) em município paulista. Estudo de série temporal realizado com dados do Sistema de Informações de Nascidos Vivos. Utilizou-se a regressão logística univariada e múltipla para identificar fatores associados ao nascimento pré-termo e a regressão linear para avaliar a tendência temporal destes no período. Para evitar subestimação, às frequências de nascimento pré-termo obtidas aplicou-se fator de correção. Houve discreto aumento da taxa de nascimento pré-termo: 12,5%, 12,0% e 13,2%. Após ajuste para confundidores, associaram-se com maior chance desse desfecho e aumentaram na década: idade materna igual ou superior a 35 anos e parto cesárea; diminuíram no período: nascimento em hospital de alto risco e menos de sete consultas pré-natais, permanecendo estável a gemelaridade. Comparando ao parto vaginal, nascer de cesariana dobrou a chance de nascimento pré-termo. Dentre os cinco fatores associados à prematuridade, três (parto cesárea, nascimento em hospital de alto risco e menos de sete consultas de pré-natais) são modificáveis por ações no âmbito dos serviços de saúde.


Abstract This study sought to analyze the frequency of preterm births and identify the respective risk factors and their evolution over a decade (2001-2005-2010) in a city in São Paulo state. It is a time-series study using data from the Live Birth Information System. Univariate and multiple logistic regression were used to identify factors associated with preterm births, and linear regression was used to evaluate the time-series tendency of such factors in the period. To avoid underestimation, a correction factor was applied to the preterm frequencies obtained. A discrete increase in preterm birth was observed: 12.5%, 12% and 13.2%. After adjusting for confounding factors, maternal age equal to or higher than 35 years and cesarean sections were associated with higher chances for preterm births and increased over the decade. The number of births in high-risk hospitals and of women with fewer than seven prenatal consultations decreased during the period, while multiple pregnancies remained stable. Compared to vaginal births, cesarean sections doubled the chance of preterm birth. Among the five factors associated with preterm birth, three (cesarean sections, births in high-risk hospitals and fewer than seven prenatal consultations) can be modified by actions taken by health care services.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Adulto , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Vivo , Modelos Logísticos , Fatores de Risco
15.
Cad. saúde pública ; 32(12): e00127815, 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-828401

RESUMO

Este estudo objetivou identificar a prevalência de inadequação da ingestão, por trimestre, de cálcio e vitamina D, em duas coortes de gestantes e fatores correlacionados a esta ingestão. Foram coletados dois recordatórios alimentares de 24 horas em cada trimestre, um relativo a final de semana. Variáveis com correlação significativa com a ingestão desses nutrientes foram incluídas em modelo de regressão linear multivariada, com ajuste por energia. A frequência de inadequação foi estimada pelo método do National Cancer Institute (Estados Unidos). Na coorte A, a inadequação da ingestão de vitamina D não diferiu entre os trimestres; na B, houve redução: 99,7% no 1º para 97,1% no 3º trimestre. Nas coortes A e B, a inadequação da ingestão de cálcio esteve acima de 70%, caindo discretamente do 1º (89,2% e 81,4%) para o 2º (79,7 e 69,1%) e 3º trimestres (82,7% e 72,6%). Não houve correlação entre as variáveis maternas e a ingestão desses micronutrientes. Conclui-se que há um quadro grave de inadequação da ingestão de vitamina D e cálcio, homogeneamente distribuído entre as gestantes assistidas na rede básica de saúde.


This study aimed to identify the prevalence of inadequate calcium and vitamin D dietary intake and related factors in two cohorts of pregnant women according to trimester of pregnancy. Two 24-hour dietary recall tests were taken in each trimester, one pertaining to weekends. Variables significantly correlated with intake of these nutrients were included in a multivariate linear regression model, adjusted for energy. Prevalence of inadequate intake was estimated according to the National Cancer Institute method (United States). In cohort A, inadequate vitamin D did not differ between trimesters; in B there was a reduction: from 99.7% in the first trimester to 97.1% in the third. In cohorts A and B, inadequate calcium intake exceeded 70%, falling slightly from the first (89.2% and 81.4%) to the second (79.7% and 69.1%) and third trimesters (82.7% and 72.6%). There was no correlation between maternal variables and the intake of these micronutrients. In conclusion, intake of vitamin D and calcium is seriously inadequate and distributed homogeneously among pregnant women in the primary healthcare network.


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar la prevalencia de inadecuación en la ingestión, por trimestre, de calcio y vitamina D, en dos cohortes de gestantes, además de los factores correlacionados con esta ingestión. Se recogieron dos recordatorios alimentarios de 24 horas durante cada trimestre, uno de ellos relativo al fin de semana. Se incluyeron variables en correlación significativa con la ingestión de esos nutrientes, en el modelo de regresión lineal multivariante, con ajuste por energía. La frecuencia de inadecuación fue estimada por el método del National Cancer Institute (Estados Unidos). En la cohorte A, la inadecuación de la ingestión de vitamina D no difirió entre los trimestres; en la B, hubo reducción: un 99,7% durante el 1º, frente a un 97,1% en el 3º trimestre. En las cohortes A y B, la inadecuación en la ingestión de calcio estuvo por encima de un 70%, cayendo discretamente del 1º (89,2% y 81,4%), al 2º (79,7 y 69,1%) y 3º trimestres (82,7% e 72,6%). No hubo correlación entre las variables maternas y la ingestión de esos micronutrientes. Se concluye que existe un cuadro grave de inadecuación en la ingestión de vitamina D y calcio, homogéneamente distribuido entre las gestantes asistidas por la red básica de salud.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Cálcio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ingestão de Energia , Comportamento Alimentar , Vitamina D/administração & dosagem , Brasil , Registros de Dieta , Estado Nutricional , Paridade , Trimestres da Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
16.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 36(2): 21-7, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26334404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the health care process for women over 50 at a Family Health Unit based on the concept of programmatic vulnerability. METHOD: This study is inserted in the field of health care assessments. The framework proposed by Donabedian was used to analyze 90.5% of the 790 records of women registered at the unit. RESULTS: It was observed that none of the women that did not have a diagnosed pathology attended the recommended consultations or underwent the recommended tests. Of the total number of women with hypertension or diabetes, 20.7% were registered in the Hiperdia Programme and less than 1.0% had attended the consultations and undergone the necessary tests. Only 11.9% of the women had had a gynaecological examination, a clinical breast examination and a mammography the year before data collection. CONCLUSION: It is concluded that women over 50 are in a situation of programmatic vulnerability in terms of the indicators established in this study. Knowledge of this reality can help nurses provide care that is best suited for this group.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Populações Vulneráveis , Serviços de Saúde da Mulher/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise Química do Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/enfermagem , Diabetes Mellitus/psicologia , Eletrocardiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Doenças dos Genitais Femininos/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Genitais Femininos/prevenção & controle , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/enfermagem , Hipertensão/psicologia , Mamografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Cooperação do Paciente , Exame Físico/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/organização & administração , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde da Mulher/organização & administração
17.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 37(7): 325-32, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26247253

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the eating behavior of pregnant women assisted by primary health care and to compare it with women at childbearing age in Brazilian capitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted on 256 pregnant women in the second trimester of gestation, selected by drawing lots from those assisted by primary health care units of a municipality in the state of São Paulo in 2009/2010. Eating habits were investigated via a questionnaire adapted from the VIGITEL system, consisting of questions about eating habits in general and the frequency and consumption characteristics of food groups/specific foods. For tis comparison, we used the indicators reported by the VIGITEL system for women at childbearing age in Brazilian capitals in 2010. The analyses involved the presentation of frequency distribution and descriptive statistics with comparisons according to the age group. RESULTS: Most patients had breakfast every day (86.7%) and 45.7% habitually exchanged a main meal for a snack once or twice a week. A daily consumption of fruit, raw salad and vegetables was not reported by 48.8%, 41.8% and 55.1% of the women, respectively. Fish was reported to never or almost never be consumed by 64.4% of the pregnant women. At least once a week, 69.9% of them reported the consumption of soda, and 86.4% of wafers/cookies. The comparison between the pregnant women and women at childbearing age in capitals showed a close similar prevalence of overweight, and no difference in the regular consumption of fruit and vegetables. Meat containing excess of fat and whole milk were more consumed by pregnant women, with differences reported in all the age groups analyzed. On the other hand, the pregnant women reported a less regular intake of soft drinks. CONCLUSIONS: The actions that need to be performed in prenatal care are various and very important, promoting the consumption of specific foods and providing guidelines about eating behavior, while reinforcing healthy eating habits already present.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
18.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 37(7): 325-332, 07/2015. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-753134

RESUMO

OBJETIVOS: Conhecer o comportamento alimentar de gestantes assistidas pela atenção primária à saúde e compará-lo ao de mulheres em idade fértil das capitais brasileiras. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal realizado no segundo trimestre gestacional com 256 gestantes, sorteadas dentre as assistidas pelas unidades de atenção primária à saúde de um município do interior paulista em 2009/2010. As práticas alimentares foram investigadas utilizando questionário adaptado do sistema Vigitel, composto por questões acerca de comportamentos alimentares em geral e frequência e características de consumo de grupos alimentares/alimentos específicos. Para a comparação foram utilizados os indicadores reportados pelo sistema Vigitel para as mulheres em idade fértil das capitais brasileiras no ano de 2010. As análises envolveram a apresentação de distribuição de frequências e estatísticas descritivas (distribuição de frequências ou médias e respectivos intervalos de confiança) com comparações de acordo com faixa etária. RESULTADOS: A maioria das gestantes consumia o café da manhã todos os dias (86,7%); a troca da refeição principal por lanche uma ou duas vezes por semana era o hábito de 45,7%. O consumo diário de frutas, salada crua, verduras e legumes não ocorria, respectivamente, em 48,8, 41,8 e 55,1% das gestantes. Peixe foi relatado como nunca ou quase nunca consumido por 64,4% das gestantes. Pelo menos uma vez por semana, 69,9% delas relataram consumo de refrigerante e 86,4% de bolacha/biscoito. Comparando as gestantes e mulheres em idade fértil das capitais brasileiras, a prevalência de excesso de peso foi bastante parecida e não houve diferenças entre o consumo regular de frutas e hortaliças. Carne com excesso de gordura e leite integral foram mais consumidos pelas gestantes, com diferenças em todas as faixas etárias analisadas. Por outro lado, gestantes tiveram menor ingestão regular de refrigerantes. CONCLUSÕES: Devem ser variadas e de grande importância ...


PURPOSE: To determine the eating behavior of pregnant women assisted by primary health care and to compare it with women at childbearing age in Brazilian capitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted on 256 pregnant women in the second trimester of gestation, selected by drawing lots from those assisted by primary health care units of a municipality in the state of São Paulo in 2009/2010. Eating habits were investigated via a questionnaire adapted from the VIGITEL system, consisting of questions about eating habits in general and the frequency and consumption characteristics of food groups/specific foods. For tis comparison, we used the indicators reported by the VIGITEL system for women at childbearing age in Brazilian capitals in 2010. The analyses involved the presentation of frequency distribution and descriptive statistics with comparisons according to the age group. RESULTS: Most patients had breakfast every day (86.7%) and 45.7% habitually exchanged a main meal for a snack once or twice a week. A daily consumption of fruit, raw salad and vegetables was not reported by 48.8%, 41.8% and 55.1% of the women, respectively. Fish was reported to never or almost never be consumed by 64.4% of the pregnant women. At least once a week, 69.9% of them reported the consumption of soda, and 86.4% of wafers/cookies. The comparison between the pregnant women and women at childbearing age in capitals showed a close similar prevalence of overweight, and no difference in the regular consumption of fruit and vegetables. Meat containing excess of fat and whole milk were more consumed by pregnant women, with differences reported in all the age groups analyzed. On the other hand, the pregnant women reported a less regular intake of soft drinks. CONCLUSIONS: The actions that need to be performed in prenatal care are various and very important, promoting the consumption of specific foods and providing guidelines about eating behavior, while reinforcing ...


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Comportamento Alimentar , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , População Urbana
19.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 36(2): 21-27, Apr-Jun/2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: lil-752589

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the health care process for women over 50 at a Family Health Unit based on the concept of programmatic vulnerability. METHOD: This study is inserted in the field of health care assessments. The framework proposed by Donabedian was used to analyze 90.5% of the 790 records of women registered at the unit. RESULTS: It was observed that none of the women that did not have a diagnosed pathology attended the recommended consultations or underwent the recommended tests. Of the total number of women with hypertension or diabetes, 20.7% were registered in the Hiperdia Programme and less than 1.0% had attended the consultations and undergone the necessary tests. Only 11.9% of the women had had a gynaecological examination, a clinical breast examination and a mammography the year before data collection. CONCLUSION: It is concluded that women over 50 are in a situation of programmatic vulnerability in terms of the indicators established in this study. Knowledge of this reality can help nurses provide care that is best suited for this group. .


OBJETIVO: evaluar el proceso de atención a las mujeres a partir de los 50 años de edad en la Unidad de Salud de la Familia, tomando como referencia el concepto de vulnerabilidad del programa. MÉTODO: Estudio insertado en la evaluación de programas de salud, tuvo Donabediam como referencia, siendo analizados el 90,5% de los 790 registros médicos de mujeres inscritas en la unidad. Fueran creados indicadores de evaluación. RESULTADOS: Ninguna mujer sin patología diagnosticada realizó consultas y exámenes recomendados. De todas las hipertensas y diabéticas, 20,7% estaban inscritas en el Programa Hiperdia y menos del 1,.0% había realizado consultas y exámenes necesarios. Sólo el 11.9% de las mujeres había realizado el examen ginecológico, examen clínico de los senos y la mamografía en el año anterior a la recolección de datos. CONCLUSIÓN: Concluye que las mujeres mayores de 50 años están en situación de vulnerabilidad programática en relación con los indicadores definidos en este estudio. Por lo tanto, conocer la realidad puede resultar en la atención de enfermería más adecuada para este grupo. .


OBJETIVO: Avaliar o processo de atenção prestada a mulheres, a partir dos 50 anos de idade, em Unidade de Saúde da Família, tomando-se como referência o conceito de vulnerabilidade programática. MÉTODO: Estudo inserido no campo da avaliação de programas de saúde; utilizou-se o referencial proposto por Donabediam, sendo analisados 90.5% dos 790 prontuários de mulheres matriculadas na Unidade. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que nenhuma mulher sem patologia diagnosticada realizou consultas e exames preconizados. Do total de hipertensas e diabéticas, 20.7% estavam inscritas no Programa Hiperdia e menos de 1.0% tinha realizado as consultas e exames necessários. Apenas 11.9% das mulheres tinham realizado exame ginecológico, exame clínico das mamas e mamografia, no ano que antecedeu a coleta de dados. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que as mulheres com mais de 50 anos estão em situação de vulnerabilidade programática, relacionada aos indicadores definidos neste estudo. Logo, conhecer a realidade poderá resultar no atendimento de enfermagem mais adequado para esse grupo. .


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Promoção da Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde , Populações Vulneráveis , Serviços de Saúde da Mulher , Fatores Etários , Análise Química do Sangue , Brasil/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/enfermagem , Diabetes Mellitus/psicologia , Eletrocardiografia , Saúde da Família , Doenças dos Genitais Femininos/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Genitais Femininos/prevenção & controle , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/enfermagem , Hipertensão/psicologia , Mamografia , Cooperação do Paciente , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Exame Físico , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde da Mulher/organização & administração
20.
Rev. latinoam. enferm ; 17(6): 1-8, 2009.
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-ISPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-ISACERVO | ID: ses-30372

RESUMO

Objetivou-se avaliar conhecimentos e práticas sobre aleitamento materno de profissionais que atendem lactentes em unidades de atenção básica, ou maternidades públicas, de município do interior paulista, Brasil. É estudo epidemiológico, sendo a população composta por 89 enfermeiros e médicos...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Aleitamento Materno , Educação em Enfermagem , Capacitação em Serviço , Capacitação Profissional , Epidemiologia Descritiva
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