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1.
Clin Cardiol ; 41(3): 392-399, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29569254

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is a major determinant of long-term prognosis after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). STEMI patients with reduced LVEF have a poor prognosis, despite successful reperfusion and the use of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone inhibitors. HYPOTHESIS: Intracoronary infusion of bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BMMC) may improve LVEF in STEMI patients successfully reperfused. METHODS: The main inclusion criteria for this double-blind, randomized, multicenter study were patient age 30 to 80 years, LVEF ≤50%, successful angioplasty of infarct-related artery, and regional dysfunction in the infarct-related area analyzed before cell injection. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was used to assess LVEF, left ventricular volumes, and infarct size at 7 to 9 days and 6 months post-myocardial infarction. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-one patients were included (66 patients in the BMMC group and 55 patients in the placebo group). The primary endpoint, mean LVEF, was similar between both groups at baseline (44.63% ± 10.74% vs 42.23% ± 10.33%; P = 0.21) and at 6 months (44.74% ± 12.95 % vs 43.50 ± 12.43%; P = 0.59). The groups were also similar regarding the difference between baseline and 6 months (0.11% ± 8.5% vs 1.27% ± 8.93%; P = 0.46). Other parameters of left ventricular remodeling, such as systolic and diastolic volumes, as well as infarct size, were also similar between groups. CONCLUSIONS: In this randomized, multicenter, double-blind trial, BMMC intracoronary infusion did not improve left ventricular remodeling or decrease infarct size.


Assuntos
Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco/métodos , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Remodelação Ventricular/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia
2.
Hypertension ; 71(4): 681-690, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29463627

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to compare spironolactone versus clonidine as the fourth drug in patients with resistant hypertension in a multicenter, randomized trial. Medical therapy adherence was checked by pill counting. Patients with resistant hypertension (no office and ambulatory blood pressure [BP] monitoring control, despite treatment with 3 drugs, including a diuretic, for 12 weeks) were randomized to an additional 12-week treatment with spironolactone (12.5-50 mg QD) or clonidine (0.1-0.3 mg BID). The primary end point was BP control during office (<140/90 mm Hg) and 24-h ambulatory (<130/80 mm Hg) BP monitoring. Secondary end points included BP control from each method and absolute BP reduction. From 1597 patients recruited, 11.7% (187 patients) fulfilled the resistant hypertension criteria. Compared with the spironolactone group (n=95), the clonidine group (n=92) presented similar rates of achieving the primary end point (20.5% versus 20.8%, respectively; relative risk, 1.01 [0.55-1.88]; P=1.00). Secondary end point analysis showed similar office BP (33.3% versus 29.3%) and ambulatory BP monitoring (44% versus 46.2%) control for spironolactone and clonidine, respectively. However, spironolactone promoted greater decrease in 24-h systolic and diastolic BP and diastolic daytime ambulatory BP than clonidine. Per-protocol analysis (limited to patients with ≥80% adherence to spironolactone/clonidine treatment) showed similar results regarding the primary end point. In conclusion, clonidine was not superior to spironolactone in true resistant hypertensive patients, but the overall BP control was low (≈21%). Considering easier posology and greater decrease in secondary end points, spironolactone is preferable for the fourth-drug therapy. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01643434.

3.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 34(4): 553-560, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29098525

RESUMO

Heart failure (HF) is associated with morbidity and mortality. Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) may offer additional prognostic data in patients with HF. The study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE). This is a prospective study that included 89 patients with HF and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 0.50 who were followed for 48 months. Left atrium and ventricular volumes and functions were evaluated by RT3DE. TDI and two-dimensional echocardiography parameters were also obtained. The endpoint was a composite of death, heart transplantation and hospitalization for acute decompensated HF. The mean age was 55 ± 11 years, and the LVEF was 0.32 ± 0.10. The composite endpoint occurred in 49 patients (18 deaths, 30 hospitalizations, one heart transplant). Patients with outcomes had greater left atrial volume (40 ± 16 vs. 32 ± 12 mL/m2; p < 0.01) and right ventricle diameter (41 ± 9 vs. 37 ± 8 mm, p = 0.01), worse total emptying fraction of the left atrium (36 ± 13% vs. 41 ± 11%; p = 0.03), LVEF (0.30 ± 0.09 vs. 0.34 ± 0.11; p = 0.02), right ventricle fractional area change (34.8 ± 12.1% vs. 39.2 ± 11.3%; p = 0.04), and greater E/e' ratio (19 ± 9 vs. 16 ± 8; p = 0.04) and systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) (50 ± 15 vs. 36 ± 11 mmHg; p < 0.01). In multivariate analysis, LVEF (OR 4.6; CI 95% 1.2-17.6; p < 0.01) and SPAP (OR 12.5; CI 95% 1.8-86.9; p < 0.01) were independent predictors of patient outcomes. LVEF and the SPAP were independent predictors of outcomes in patients with HF.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica , Adulto , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Razão de Chances , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Função Ventricular Esquerda
4.
Trials ; 18(1): 601, 2017 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29258572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early reperfusion of the occluded coronary artery during acute myocardial infarction is considered crucial for reduction of infarcted mass and recovery of ventricular function. Effective microcirculation and the balance between protective and harmful lymphocytes may have roles in reperfusion injury and may affect final ventricular remodeling. METHODS/DESIGN: BATTLE-AMI is an open-label, randomized trial comparing the effects of four therapeutic strategies (rosuvastatin/ticagrelor, rosuvastatin/clopidogrel, simvastatin plus ezetimibe/ticagrelor, or simvastatin plus ezetimibe/clopidogrel) on infarcted mass and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (blinded endpoints) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction submitted to fibrinolytic therapy before coronary angiogram (pharmacoinvasive strategy). All patients (n = 300, 75 per arm) will be followed up for six months. The effects of treatment on subsets of B and T lymphocytes will be determined by flow-cytometry/ELISPOT and will be correlated with the infarcted mass, LVEF, and microcirculation perfusion obtained by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. The primary hypothesis is that the combined rosuvastatin/ticagrelor therapy will be superior to other therapies (particularly for the comparison with simvastatin plus ezetimibe/clopidogrel) for the achievement of better LVEF at 30 days (primary endpoint) and smaller infarcted mass (secondary endpoint) at 30 days and six months. The trial will also evaluate the improvement in the immune/inflammatory responses mediated by B and T lymphocytes. Omics field (metabolomics and proteomics) will help to understand these responses by molecular events. DISCUSSION: BATTLE-AMI is aimed to (1) evaluate the role of subsets of lymphocytes on microcirculation improvement and (2) show how the choice of statin/antiplatelet therapy may affect cardiac remodeling after acute myocardial infarction with ST elevation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02428374 . Registered on 28 September 2014.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia Trombolítica , Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Brasil , Protocolos Clínicos , Clopidogrel , Angiografia Coronária , Quimioterapia Combinada , ELISPOT , Ezetimiba/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Metabolômica , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Proteômica , Projetos de Pesquisa , Rosuvastatina Cálcica/administração & dosagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/imunologia , Sinvastatina/administração & dosagem , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Ticagrelor , Ticlopidina/administração & dosagem , Ticlopidina/análogos & derivados , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Can J Cardiol ; 33(6): 785-791, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28545625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate respiratory muscle strength and endurance in the inpatient period in patients who recently experienced myocardial infarction (MI) and investigate the effects of a home-based walking program on respiratory strength and endurance in low-risk patients after MI. METHODS: Patients were randomized into a usual-care group (UCG) entailing regular care (n = 23) and an intervention group (IG) entailing an outpatient home-based walking program (n = 31). Healthy sex- and age-matched participants served as a control group for respiratory endurance variables. Respiratory muscle strength was evaluated through maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and endurance during the inpatient period, at 15 days, and at 60 days after MI. Submaximal functional capacity was determined by a 6-minute walk test (6MWT) at hospital discharge and 60 days after MI. RESULTS: Both groups showed impaired inspiratory muscle strength at hospital discharge. When compared with healthy individuals, after MI, patients had worse respiratory muscle endurance pressure (PTHmax = 73.02 ± 8.40 vs 44.47 ± 16.32; P < 0.05) and time (Tlim = 324.1 ± 12.2 vs 58.7 ± 93.3; P < 0.05). Only the IG showed a significant improvement in MIP and PTHmax at 15 days and 60 days after MI (P < 0.05). When comparing groups, the IG achieved higher values for MIP, PTHmax, and Tlim 15 and 60 days after MI (P < 0.01). The 60-day assessment revealed that the 6MWT distance and level of physical activity was significantly higher in the IG compared with the UCG. CONCLUSIONS: Low-risk patients recently experiencing MI demonstrate impaired MIP and respiratory endurance compared with healthy participants. A home-based walking program improved respiratory endurance and functional capacity.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Exercício/fisiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/reabilitação , Resistência Física/fisiologia , Caminhada/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Int J Cardiol ; 231: 110-114, 2017 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28082094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) precipitates the extreme manifestation of pulmonary hypertension, which leads to severe functional limitation and poor quality of life. The propose of the current study was: 1) examined the acute effects of 40% oxygen supplementation during the 6-minute walk test (6MWT); and 2) evaluate the relation between exercise capacity and clinical cardiac parameters in patients with ES. METHODS: Thirty subjects were prospectively included; all were submitted to a 6MWT with compressed air and with 40% of oxygen. Heart rate recovery at the first minute (HRR1) and perceived effort Borg scale for dyspnea and lower limb fatigue were recorded in both tests scenarios. RESULTS: The 6MWT distance was modestly, negatively associated with pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) [r=0.46, p=0.02]. Patients improved 6MWT distance (p<0.001) and exhibited a faster HRR1 (p<0.001) with 40% supplemental oxygen compared to compressed air. With 40% supplemental oxygen, subjects revealed lower dyspnea and lower limb fatigue compared to 6MWT without oxygen supplementation (p<0.001). The amount of change in the 6MWT distance from air to oxygen was moderate, positively associated with tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and right ventricular fractional area change (RVFAC) [r=0.50, p=0.03; r=0.64, p<0.001, respectively]. CONCLUSION: Acute 40% oxygen supplementation in patients with Eisenmenger syndrome led to an improvement in 6MWT distance, faster HRR1 and lower dyspnea and lower limb fatigue perception. Moreover, functional capacity was positively associated with right ventricular parameters.


Assuntos
Complexo de Eisenmenger/terapia , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Oxigenoterapia/métodos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia , Resistência Vascular/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Direita/fisiologia , Adulto , Ecocardiografia , Complexo de Eisenmenger/fisiopatologia , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
Trials ; 18(1): 601-601, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early reperfusion of the occluded coronary artery during acute myocardial infarction is considered crucial for reduction of infarcted mass and recovery of ventricular function. Effective microcirculation and the balance between protective and harmful lymphocytes may have roles in reperfusion injury and may affect final ventricular remodeling. METHODS/DESIGN: BATTLE-AMI is an open-label, randomized trial comparing the effects of four therapeutic strategies (rosuvastatin/ticagrelor, rosuvastatin/clopidogrel, simvastatin plus ezetimibe/ticagrelor, or simvastatin plus ezetimibe/clopidogrel) on infarcted mass and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (blinded endpoints) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction submitted to fibrinolytic therapy before coronary angiogram (pharmacoinvasive strategy). All patients (n = 300, 75 per arm) will be followed up for six months. The effects of treatment on subsets of B and T lymphocytes will be determined by flow-cytometry/ELISPOT and will be correlated with the infarcted mass, LVEF, and microcirculation perfusion obtained by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. The primary hypothesis is that the combined rosuvastatin/ticagrelor therapy will be superior to other therapies (particularly for the comparison with simvastatin plus ezetimibe/clopidogrel) for the achievement of better LVEF at 30 days (primary endpoint) and smaller infarcted mass (secondary endpoint) at 30 days and six months...(AU)


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Linfócitos B , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Metabolômica , Proteômica
8.
Sleep Med ; 16(8): 971-5, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26071851

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The sleep of patients admitted to coronary care unit (CCU) may be compromised. A feasible and cost-effective tool to evaluate sleep in this scenario could provide important data. The aim of this study was to evaluate sleep with a questionnaire developed specifically for the CCU and to validate it with polysomnography (PSG). METHODS: Ninety-nine patients (68% male; 56 ± 10 years old) with acute coronary syndrome were included. PSG was performed within 36 h of admission. A specific 18-question questionnaire (CCU questionnaire) was developed and applied after the PSG. Cronbach's alpha test was used to validate the questionnaire. The Spearman test was used to analyze the correlation between the PSG variables and the questionnaire, and the Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the PSG variables among patients with good, regular, or poor sleep. RESULTS: The total sleep time was 265 ± 81 min, sleep efficiency 62 ± 18%, REM sleep 10 ± 7%, apnea/hypopnea index 15 ± 23, and the arousal index 24 ± 15. Cronbach's alpha test was 0.69. The CCU questionnaire showed correlation with the sleep efficiency evaluated by PSG (r: 0.52; p < 0.001). Sleep quality was divided into three categories according to the CCU questionnaire: patients with good sleep had a sleep efficiency of 72 ± 9%, better than those with a regular or poor sleep (60 ± 16% and 53 ± 20%, respectively; p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The CCU questionnaire is a feasible and reliable tool to evaluate sleep in the CCU, showing correlation with the PSG sleep efficiency.


Assuntos
Unidades de Cuidados Coronarianos , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polissonografia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Sono REM , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas
9.
Am J Cardiol ; 115(5): 571-5, 2015 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25727080

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of a home-based walking program on erectile function and the relation between functional capacity and erectile dysfunction (ED) in patients with recent myocardial infarctions. Patients with acute myocardial infarctions deemed to be at low cardiovascular risk were randomized into 2 groups: (1) a home-based walking group (n = 41), instructed to participate in a progressive outdoor walking program, and (2) a control group (n = 45), receiving usual care. Functional capacity was determined by the 6-minute walk test and evaluation of sexual function by the International Index of Erectile Function questionnaire; the 2 tests were performed at hospital discharge and 30 days later. In the overall cohort, 84% of patients reported previous ED at hospital discharge. After 30 days, ED had increased by 9% in the control group in relation to baseline (p = 0.08). However, the home-based walking group had a significant decrease of 71% in reported ED (p <0.0001). The 6-minute walk distance was statistically significant higher in the home-based walking group compared with the control group (p = 0.01). There was a significant negative correlation between 6-minute walk distance and ED 30 days after hospital discharge (r = -0.71, p <0.01). In conclusion, an unsupervised home-based progressive walking program led to significant improvements in functional capacity in men at low cardiovascular risk after recent acute myocardial infarctions. In addition, this intervention demonstrated a link between functional capacity and exercise training and erectile function improvement.


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil/terapia , Terapia por Exercício , Infarto do Miocárdio/reabilitação , Autocuidado , Caminhada , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Deambulação Precoce , Disfunção Erétil/complicações , Tolerância ao Exercício , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Can J Cardiol ; 31(3): 308-13, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25633911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of an early cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program on health-related quality of life (HRQL) and functional capacity in patients who recently experienced an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This program was initiated in the inpatient setting and was followed by an unsupervised outpatient intervention. METHODS: After the same inpatient care plan, low-risk patients who experienced an AMI were randomized into 2 groups: (1) a control group (CG) (n = 43) entailing usual care and (2) an intervention group (IG) (n = 45) entailing outpatient (unsupervised) CR primarily centered on a progressive walking program. Initially, all patients underwent a supervised exercise program with early mobilization beginning 12 hours after an AMI. On hospital discharge, all patients were classified according to cardiovascular risk. Quality of life was evaluated by the MacNew Heart Disease HRQL questionnaire 30 days after discharge. Functional capacity was determined by a 6-minute walk test (6MWT) distance on the day of inpatient discharge as well as 30 days afterward. RESULTS: The HRQL global score was higher in the IG compared with the CG 30 days after discharge (P < 0.001); physical and emotional domain scores were both significantly higher in the IG (P < 0.001). Furthermore, the IG showed a greater 6MWT distance compared with the CG (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: A CR program based on early progressive exercises, initiated by supervised inpatient training and followed by an unsupervised outpatient program, improved HRQL and functional capacity in patients at low cardiovascular risk who recently experienced an AMI.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Pacientes Internados , Infarto do Miocárdio/reabilitação , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Qualidade de Vida , Caminhada , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/psicologia , Cooperação do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Rev Bras Fisioter ; 15(4): 291-6, 2011 Aug-Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21971724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Marfan syndrome (MS) is an autosomic dominant condition of the connective tissue that involves the ocular, cardiovascular and musculoskeletal systems. MS is caused by mutations in the fibrillin-1 gene, leading to joint ligaments flaccidity, joint hypermobility and an overgrowth of the long bones. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess anthropometry, musculoskeletal alterations and the prevalence of physical therapy treatments among patients with MS. METHODS: Twenty-six patients were included in this study [17 females (age: 13.23±2.77 years; body mass 51.5±24-68 Kg; height 1.70±1.40-1.81 m; arm span: 1.73±0.12 m) and 9 males (age: 14.44±2.18; body mass: 61.0±42-72 Kg; height: 1.83±1.66-1.97 m; arm span: 1.93±0.13 m)]. Anthropometric measurements and musculoskeletal abnormalities were determined in a standardized fashion: pectus and scoliosis were assessed through radiography and angulation (â) of the scoliosis curve using the Cobb method; arachnodactyly was assessed through the thumb sign and Walker-Murdoch test and dolichostenomelia was assessed by arm span in relation to height. Patients also responded to a questionnaire addressing participation in physical therapy. RESULTS: In comparison to values estimated for the Brazilian population, mass and height were greater among the patients with MS (females: p=0.001 e p<0.0005 e males p=0.019 e p=0.0001, respectively). The following musculoskeletal abnormalities were found: pectus in 3 patients (11%), pectus and scoliosis in 19 (73%), dolichostenomelia in 11 (42%) and arachnodactyly in 21 (80%). Eleven patients (42%) with MS had previously undergone physical therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with MS exhibit altered musculoskeleto and anthropometry and have infrequent physical therapy treatment.


Assuntos
Antropometria , Síndrome de Marfan/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome de Marfan/terapia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia
12.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 15(4): 291-296, July-Aug. 2011. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-600992

RESUMO

CONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: A Síndrome de Marfan (SM) é uma doença autossômica dominante do tecido conjuntivo que envolve os sistemas ocular, cardiovascular e musculoesquelético, causada por mutações no gene da fibrilina1, gerando flacidez nos ligamentos articulares, favorecendo a hipermobilidade articular e redução na contenção do crescimento ósseo. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar as medidas antropométricas, alterações musculoesqueléticas e a frequência do tratamento fisioterapêutico nos pacientes com SM. MÉTODOS: Participaram deste estudo 26 pacientes, sendo 17 do gênero feminino, com idade de 13,23±2,77 anos, massa corpórea de 51,5±24-68 Kg, altura de 1,70±1,40-1,81 m e envergadura de 1,73±0,12 cm, e nove do gênero masculino, com idade de 14,44±2,18, massa corpórea de 61,0±42-72 Kg, altura de 1,83±1,66-1,97 m e envergadura de 1,93±0,13. Foram obtidas medidas antropométricas, alterações ME de forma padronizada, sendo o pectus e a escoliose, por avaliação radiológica, e a angulação (â) da curva escoliótica, pelo método de Cobb; a aracnodactilia, pelo sinal do polegar e teste de Walker-Murdoch, e a dolicostenomelia, pela envergadura em relação à altura. Os pacientes responderam a um questionário quanto à participação em tratamento de fisioterapia. RESULTADOS: Quando comparados com a estimativa brasileira, a massa corpórea e a altura apresentaram valores maiores no gênero feminino (p=0,001 e p<0,0005) e masculino (p=0,019 e p=0,0001). Das alterações musculoesqueléticas, encontrou-se pectus em 3 (11 por cento), pectus e escoliose em 19 (73 por cento), dolicostenomelia em 11 (42 por cento) e aracnodactilia em 21(80 por cento). Onze (42 por cento) pacientes com SM já haviam realizado tratamento de fisioterapia. CONCLUSÕES: As alterações antropométricas e musculoesqueléticas estão presentes na SM, e o tratamento fisioterapêutico é pouco frequente.


BACKGROUND: Marfan syndrome (MS) is an autosomic dominant condition of the connective tissue that involves the ocular, cardiovascular and musculoskeletal systems. MS is caused by mutations in the fibrillin-1 gene, leading to joint ligaments flaccidity, joint hypermobility and an overgrowth of the long bones. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess anthropometry, musculoskeletal alterations and the prevalence of physical therapy treatments among patients with MS. METHODS: Twenty-six patients were included in this study [17 females (age: 13.23±2.77 years; body mass 51.5±24-68 Kg; height 1.70±1.40-1.81 m; arm span: 1.73±0.12 m) and 9 males (age: 14.44±2.18; body mass: 61.0±42-72 Kg; height: 1.83±1.66-1.97 m; arm span: 1.93±0.13 m)]. Anthropometric measurements and musculoskeletal abnormalities were determined in a standardized fashion: pectus and scoliosis were assessed through radiography and angulation (â) of the scoliosis curve using the Cobb method; arachnodactyly was assessed through the thumb sign and Walker-Murdoch test and dolichostenomelia was assessed by arm span in relation to height. Patients also responded to a questionnaire addressing participation in physical therapy. RESULTS: In comparison to values estimated for the Brazilian population, mass and height were greater among the patients with MS (females: p=0.001 e p<0.0005 e males p=0.019 e p=0.0001, respectively). The following musculoskeletal abnormalities were found: pectus in 3 patients (11 percent), pectus and scoliosis in 19 (73 percent), dolichostenomelia in 11 (42 percent) and arachnodactyly in 21 (80 percent). Eleven patients (42 percent) with MS had previously undergone physical therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with MS exhibit altered musculoskeleto and anthropometry and have infrequent physical therapy treatment.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Antropometria , Síndrome de Marfan/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Síndrome de Marfan/terapia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia
13.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr ; 24(5): 526-32, 2011 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21353762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although there is anatomopathologic evidence of atrial involvement in Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCM), the impact in left atrial (LA) function is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate LA function in patients with CCM with real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) and to compare it with patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS: A total of 30 patients with CCM, 30 patients with DCM, and 20 normal subjects used as the control group were studied. With the use of RT3DE, we measured LA maximum (maxLAV), minimum, and pre-atrial contraction volumes and calculated total and active LA emptying fractions. RESULTS: Left ventricular ejection fraction and mitral regurgitation were similar in both groups. MaxLAV/m(2) was larger in the CCM group than in the DCM group (76.9 ± 21.9 mL vs. 59.1 ± 26.0 mL; P < .01), and both were significantly larger than in the control group (P < .01). Total LA emptying fraction was lower in the CCM group than in the DCM group (0.30 ± 0.10 vs. 0.40 ± 0.12; P < .01), and both were lower than in the control group (P = .01). Active LA emptying fraction was also lower in the CCM group than in the DCM group (0.22 ± 0.09 vs. 0.28 ± 0.11; P < .01), and both were lower than in the control group (P = .01). The E/e' ratio was higher in the CCM group than in the DCM group (21 ± 10 vs. 15 ± 6; P < .01), and both were greater than in the control group (P < .01). In a multiple regression model, the E/e' ratio was the only independent predictor of a worsening active LA emptying fraction. CONCLUSION: LA function is more compromised in patients with CCM than in patients with DCM. This finding indicates a more diffuse and severe myocardial impairment in Chagas disease that is probably related to increased left ventricular filling pressures and atrial myopathy.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/diagnóstico por imagem , Sistemas de Computação , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/patologia , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/patologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/patologia , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Ultrassonografia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
14.
Heart Surg Forum ; 14(1): E40-50, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21345775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) in congenital heart disease has attracted the interest of cardiac surgeons determined to alleviate the anatomic obstruction and restore RV function. METHODS: From June 1991 to September 2008, 203 consecutive patients (mean, 3.0 years; range, 2 months to 35 years) underwent operations. These patients were classified into 5 groups: group 1, tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary hypoplasia (144 cases, 70.9%); group 2, pulmonary atresia (PA) with ventricular septal defect (VSD) (32 cases, 15.7%); group 3, truncus arteriosus (12 cases, 5.9%); group 4, transposition of the great arteries with left ventricular outflow tract obstructions (8 cases, 3.9%); and group 5, PA with intact ventricular septum (7 cases, 3.4%). Remodeling surgery of the RV consisted of patch closure of the VSD (n = 176), tricuspid valvoplasty repair (n = 25), infundibulum muscle resection, and reconstruction of the RVOT (all patients). The Lecompte procedure was performed in 8 patients in group 4, and the one and a half ventricle technique was performed in 7 patients in group 5. RESULTS: There were 21 hospital deaths (10.3%); 180 patients (88.6%) survived. Patients were followed up from 4 to 206 months (mean, 98.0 months). Sixteen patients (8.8%) underwent reoperation for prosthesis dysfunction, with 2 in-hospital deaths (12.5%). The rest of the patients (164, 80.7%) remain free of reoperation. CONCLUSION: Earlier reconstruction of the pulmonary valve and the RVOT may preserve ventricular performance for a long period. Nevertheless, the porcine pulmonary prosthesis has shown satisfactory results when it has been used for the reconstruction of different types of RV obstructions.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Ventrículos do Coração/anormalidades , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 18(3): 256-262, set. 2010. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-566799

RESUMO

Introdução: A intervenção coronária percutânea cresceu de modo expressivo nas últimas décadas. Entretanto, relatos de resultados imediatos e a longo prazo desse procedimento em instituições brasileiras são esporádicos e restritos a alguns centros. A presente proposta objetiva descrever um sistema nacional para a avaliação dos indivíduos tratados por intervenção coronária percutânea no Brasil. Método: O Registro ICP-BR foi constituído por meio de rede informatizada para a captação de dados, via web, sobre angioplastias coronárias realizadas no dia a dia da cardiologia intervencionista, sem critérios de exclusão. Em sua fase piloto, 8 centros nacionais foram selecionados para a coleta inicial de dados. Relatamos o perfil clínico e a evolução intra-hospitalar dos primeiros pacientes incluídos. Resultados: De março de 2009 a dezembro de 2009, foram incluídos 1.249 pacientes na base de dados. No total, 60 por cento foram tratados pelo Sistema Único de Saúde, 38 por cento por planos de saúde e 2 por cento eram pagantes. A média de idade era de 63,7 + ou - 11,3 anos, 36 por cento eram diabéticos, 12 por cento tinham cirúrgia prévia e 27 tinham angioplastia prévia. À admissão, 39 por cento eram estáveis e 18 por cento tinham infartro com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST. Ultrassom intracoronário...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Angioplastia/métodos , Angioplastia , Evolução Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Perfil de Saúde , Sistemas de Informação/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico
16.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 17(4): 378-85, 2010 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20215709

RESUMO

AIM: Based on evidence that ionizing radiation can ameliorate chronic and autoimmune diseases in patients and experimental animals, we investigated the effects of radiation on the induction and development of experimental atherogenesis. METHODS: Male New Zealand rabbits were divided into 5 groups and given an atherogenic diet for 90 days. Peritoneal and thoracic areas (9 Gy) were irradiated on the 1st and 45th days for groups 1 and 2, the 45th day for groups 3 and 4, and not at all for group 5. Prior to irradiation, the peritoneal cavity of animals from groups 1 and 3 was washed with buffered saline. Cells collected by peritoneal washing were reinfused into the peritoneal cavity of the same animal after irradiation. Animals from groups 2 and 4 were intraperitoneally injected with saline as a control. RESULTS: Despite similar lipid profiles among the experimental groups, the percentage of aortas covered by plaques was remarkably reduced (p<0.001) among animals submitted to irradiation (groups 2 and 4). These differences were completely abolished in irradiated animals reconstituted with their own peritoneal cells. CONCLUSIONS: These findings point to an important role of resident inflammatory peritoneal cells in experimental atherogenesis.


Assuntos
Líquido Ascítico/imunologia , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Inflamação/etiologia , Macrófagos Peritoneais/fisiologia , Monócitos/fisiologia , Cavidade Peritoneal/citologia , Animais , Citometria de Fluxo , Masculino , Cavidade Peritoneal/efeitos da radiação , Lavagem Peritoneal , Cavidade Pleural/citologia , Cavidade Pleural/efeitos da radiação , Coelhos , Radiação Ionizante
17.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 92(2): 89-99, 2009 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19360240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) are at high coronary risk and beta-cell dysfunction or insulin resistance might predict an additional risk for early cardiovascular events. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate early glucometabolic alterations in patients with MetS, but without previously known type 2 diabetes, after acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: A total of 114 patients were submitted to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) 1-3 days after hospital discharge due to myocardial infarction or unstable angina. Based on the OGTT, we defined three groups of patients: normal glucose tolerance (NGT; n=26), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT; n=39), or diabetes (DM; n=49). The homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) was used to measure insulin resistance; beta-cell responsiveness was assessed by the insulinogenic index at 30 min (DeltaI30/DeltaG30). RESULTS: Based on the HOMA-IR, patients with DM were more insulin-resistant than those with NGT or IGT (p<0.001). According to the insulinogenic index, the beta-cell responsiveness was also impaired in subjects with DM (p<0.001 vs NGT or IGT). CONCLUSION: High rates of glucometabolic alterations were found after acute coronary syndrome in patients with MetS. As these abnormalities markedly increase the risk for adverse outcomes, early OGTT among MetS patients might be used to identify those at the highest coronary risk.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/metabolismo , Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 92(2): 94-99, fev. 2009. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-511099

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: Pacientes com síndrome metabólica (SM) têm alto risco coronariano e a disfunção da célula beta ou resistência à insulina pode prever um risco adicional de eventos cardiovasculares precoces. OBJETIVO: Avaliar as alterações glicometabólicas precoces em pacientes com SM, mas sem diagnóstico de diabete tipo 2, após síndrome coronariana aguda. MÉTODOS: Um total de 114 pacientes foi submetido ao teste oral de tolerância à glicose (TOTG), 1-3 dias da alta hospitalar, após infarto agudo do miocárdio ou angina instável. Baseado no TOTG, definimos três grupos de pacientes: tolerância normal à glicose (TNG; n=26), tolerância alterada à glicose (TAG; n=39) ou diabetes mellitus (DM; n=49). O Modelo de Avaliação da Homeostase (HOMA-IR) foi usado para estimar a resistência à insulina; a responsividade da célula beta foi avaliada através do índice insulinogênico de 30 minutos (ΔI30/ΔG30). RESULTADOS: Baseado no HOMA-IR, os pacientes com DM eram mais insulino-resistentes do que aqueles com TNG ou TAG (p<0,001). De acordo com o índice insulinogênico, a responsividade da célula beta também estava alterada em indivíduos com DM (p<0,001 vs TNG ou TAG). CONCLUSÃO: Altas taxas de alterações glicometabólicas foram encontradas após síndrome coronariana aguda em pacientes com SM. Como essas anormalidades acentuadamente aumentam o risco de desfechos adversos, o TOTG precoce pode ser utilizado em pacientes com SM para identificar aqueles que apresentam maior risco coronariano.


BACKGROUND: Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) are at high coronary risk and beta-cell dysfunction or insulin resistance might predict an additional risk for early cardiovascular events. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate early glucometabolic alterations in patients with MetS, but without previously known type 2 diabetes, after acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: A total of 114 patients were submitted to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) 1-3 days after hospital discharge due to myocardial infarction or unstable angina. Based on the OGTT, we defined three groups of patients: normal glucose tolerance (NGT; n=26), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT; n=39), or diabetes (DM; n=49). The homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) was used to measure insulin resistance; beta-cell responsiveness was assessed by the insulinogenic index at 30 min (ΔI30/ΔG30). RESULTS: Based on the HOMA-IR, patients with DM were more insulin-resistant than those with NGT or IGT (p<0.001). According to the insulinogenic index, the beta-cell responsiveness was also impaired in subjects with DM (p<0.001 vs NGT or IGT). CONCLUSION: High rates of glucometabolic alterations were found after acute coronary syndrome in patients with MetS. As these abnormalities markedly increase the risk for adverse outcomes, early OGTT among MetS patients might be used to identify those at the highest coronary risk.


FUNDAMENTO: Pacientes con síndrome metabólico (SM) tienen alto riesgo coronario y la disfunción de la célula beta o la resistencia a la insulina puede prever un riesgo adicional de eventos cardiovasculares precoces. OBJETIVO: Evaluar las alteraciones glucometabólicas precoces en pacientes con SM, pero sin diagnóstico de diabetes tipo 2, tras el síndrome coronario agudo. MÉTODOS: Un total de 114 pacientes fue sometido a la prueba oral de tolerancia a la glucosa (POTG), de un a tres días tras el alta hospitalaria, y luego de infarto agudo de miocardio o angina inestable. Basado en el POTG, definimos tres grupos de pacientes: tolerancia normal a la glucosa (TNG; n=26), tolerancia alterada a la glucosa (TAG; n=39) o diabetes mellitus (DM; n=49). Se utilizó el Modelo de Evaluación de la Homeostasis (HOMA-IR) para estimarse la resistencia a la insulina; se evaluó la responsividad de la célula beta a través del índice insulinogénico de 30 minutos (ΔI30/ΔG30). RESULTADOS: Basado en el HOMA-IR, los pacientes con DM se mostraban más insulinoresistentes que los individuos con TNG o TAG (p<0,001). De acuerdo con el índice insulinogénico, la responsividad de la célula beta también estaba alterada en individuos con DM (p<0,001 vs. TNG o TAG). CONCLUSIONES: Se encontraron altas tasas de alteraciones glucometabólicas tras el síndrome coronario agudo en pacientes con SM. Como esas anormalidades incrementan acentuadamente el riesgo de desenlaces adversos, el POTG precoz se puede utilizar en pacientes con SM para identificar a los que presentan mayor riesgo coronario.


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/metabolismo , Glicemia/análise , /metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/terapia
19.
Trials ; 9: 41, 2008 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18598362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction remains as a major cause of mortality worldwide and a high rate of survivors develop heart failure as a sequel, resulting in a high morbidity and elevated expenditures for health system resources. We have designed a multicenter trial to test for the efficacy of autologous bone marrow (ABM) mononuclear cell (MC) transplantation in this subgroup of patients. The main hypothesis to be tested is that treated patients will have a significantly higher ejection fraction (EF) improvement after 6 months than controls. METHODS: A sample of 300 patients admitted with ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) and left ventricle (LV) systolic dysfunction, and submitted to successful mechanical or chemical recanalization of the infarct-related coronary artery will be selected for inclusion and randomized to either treated or control group in a double blind manner. The former group will receive 100 x 106 MC suspended in saline with 5% autologous serum in the culprit vessel, while the latter will receive placebo (saline with 5% autologous serum). IMPLICATIONS: Many phase I/II clinical trials using cell therapy for STEMI have been reported, demonstrating that cell transplantation is safe and may lead to better preserved LV function. Patients with high risk to develop systolic dysfunction have the potential to benefit more. Larger randomized, double blind and controlled trials to test for the efficacy of cell therapies in patients with high risk for developing heart failure are required. TRIAL REGISTER: This trial is registered at the NIH registry under the number NCT00350766.

20.
Rev. bras. ecocardiogr ; 21(1): 15-21, jan.-mar. 2008. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-482373

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar o efeito a curto prazo do lasartan comparado ao enalapril sobre a função ventricular esquerda em pacientes com insuficiência valvar aórtica grave, oligo ou assintomáticos, testar a segurança do lasartan nessas condições e estudar o impacto destas drogas sobre a capacidade física. Métodos: Dez pacientes com insuficiência valvar aórtica (IAo)crônica grave e com função ventricular esquerda preservada (fração de ejeção menor ou igual 0,55), foram estudados de forma prospectiva em um estudo de intervenção medicamentosa cross-over, comparando-se duas drogas: losartan e o enalapril, através de avaliação clínico-laboratorial, ecocardiograma de repouso e teste cardiopulmonar em três momentos diferentes: sem medicação, em uso de losartan, em uso de enalapril. Resultados: Foram estudados 7 (70 por cento homens e 3 (30 por cento) mulheres com idade entre 15 e 41 anos (média de 26 anos). A dose média diária de enalapril foi de 38mg com tempo médio de 3,9 meses e a de losartan foi de 90mg com tempo médio de três meses. Não houve efeitos adversos graves....


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Enalapril/administração & dosagem , Enalapril/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Losartan/administração & dosagem , Losartan/efeitos adversos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico
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