Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 84
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Dent Mater J ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602588

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the pulpal responses of monkey's pulp after direct pulp capping (DPC) with the novel mineral trioxide aggregate containing phosphorylated pullulan-based material (MTAPPL). Seventy-two teeth were randomly divided into four groups: MTAPPL; Nex-Cem MTA (NX); TheraCal LC (TH); and Dycal (DY). Histopathological changes in the pulps were observed at days 3, 7 and 70. On day 3, mild inflammatory responses were observed in the MTAPPL, no to moderate inflammatory responses in the TH, whereas moderate inflammatory responses in the NX and DY. No mineralized tissue formation (MTF) was observed in all groups. On day 7, no or mild inflammatory responses were observed in all groups. Initial MTF was observed except for DY. No inflammation with complete MTF including presence of odontoblast-like cells was observed in the MTAPPL, NX and TH groups at day 70. These findings indicate that MTAPPL could be an efficient DPC material.

2.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(4): 357-365, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269546

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study evaluated whether active application of self-etching adhesives would influence their microtensile bond strength (µTBS) to dentin cut with burs of different grit sizes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-four human premolars were divided into 12 groups according to 1) two dentin surface preparations with either superfine- or regular-grit diamond burs; 2) three adhesives - Clearfil SE Bond 2 (SE2), Scotchbond Universal (SBU, 3M Oral Care) and G-Premio Bond (GPB, GC); and 3) two application modes of each adhesive (active or passive). Six bonded teeth per group were sectioned into sticks for µTBS testing. Statistical analyses were performed using 3-way ANOVA followed by Duncan's test (p < 0.05). Additional teeth were prepared to observe the interaction between the dentin smear layer obtained from each bur with adhesives under different application modes using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). RESULTS: Active application significantly increased the dentin bond strength of SE2, irrespective of the kind of bur used (p < 0.05). The highest bond strength of SBU was observed when bonded to superfine-grit diamond bur-cut dentin with the active application. There was, however, no influence of the tested factors on GPB group (p > 0.05). TEM observation showed that active application promoted dentin smear layer dissolution in all adhesive groups. CONCLUSIONS: Bond strengths of self-etching adhesives to dentin are influenced by bur-cut smear layers and mainly by application mode of adhesive materials. Active application improves µTBS of self-etching adhesives by enhancing smear layer modification and resin penetration into bur-cut dentin.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Adesivos , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
3.
Dent Mater J ; 40(2): 538-546, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33328395

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of remaining dentin thickness (RDT), different smear layers, and aging on the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of universal adhesives to dentin when applied in self-etch mode. Ninety-six human third molars were randomly allocated to 12 groups (n=8) based on adhesives: ClearfilTM SE Bond 2 (SE, control), ClearfilTM Universal Bond (CU) and ScotchBondTM Universal Adhesive (SB); smear layers: prepared either with 600-grit SiC paper (P) or regular diamond bur (B); and aging: stored in distilled water at 37ºC for 24 hours (24h) or 1 year (1y). µTBS was significantly affected by the type of adhesives, smear layers, and aging (p<0.001). A statistically significant and positive linear relationship was also observed between µTBS and RDT (p<0.05) in all the tested groups, except for SEB1y and CUB24h (p>0.05). RDT, smear layer types, and aging can influence the bonding performances of universal adhesives when applied in self-etch mode.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Camada de Esfregaço , Adesivos , Envelhecimento , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
4.
Clin Exp Dent Res ; 6(6): 700-716, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885613

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to systematically map all the factors that influence the fit and adaptation of zirconia crowns and/or copings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The investigational strategy involved carrying out an electronic search between December 1, 2009 and September 1, 2019 through the Embase and Medline databases using Boolean operators to locate appropriate articles. RESULTS: A total of 637 articles were discovered after the removal of duplicates, and 46 of these were selected for evaluation. Further, a quality assessment was performed using GRADE evaluation criteria. CONCLUSIONS: Shoulder finish line preparations had slightly better marginal fit compared to chamfer finish lines. Crowns obtained from digital impressions had comparable to superior marginal adaptation compared to conventional impressions. Increasing cement space showed to improve zirconia crown adaptation. Cementation and veneering zirconia frameworks found to increase the marginal and internal gaps. Limited information is available on the effect of the alteration of sintering time/Temperature and/or sintering techniques on the adaptation of zirconia crowns. Most of the selected studies had a moderate quality assessment evaluation. Future studies could investigate the chair-side, ultra-fast sintering effect on the marginal gap of zirconia crowns.

5.
Eur J Oral Sci ; 128(3): 246-254, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396258

RESUMO

Using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), this study investigated the characteristics of smear layers after preparation of dentin surfaces using different methods. In addition, this study analyzed, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the interactions of smear layers with the various acidic agents used subsequently to treat the dentin surface. Mid-coronal dentin surfaces were prepared according to one of five instrumentation methods: fracture; grinding with carbide bur; grinding with regular-grit diamond bur; grinding with superfine-grit diamond bur; or grinding with 600-grit silicon carbide (SiC) abrasive paper. Then, each prepared dentin surface was further divided into control (no further treatment) or treatment with one of the following agents: phosphoric acid solution (PAS); phosphoric acid gel (PAG); Clearfil SE Bond 2 Primer (SE2); or Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (SBU). Longitudinal ultra-thin sections were made for TEM observations. Dentin discs, representing each surface preparation and treatment method described above, were created, and the morphology was examined by SEM. The TEM results revealed differences in thickness and denseness of the smear layer, according to the different methods of instrumentation used to prepare the dentin surface. The two forms of phosphoric acid completely removed the smear layer in all groups. Agglomerated silica particles were observed on the top of the collagen layer after etching with PAG. For all dentin surfaces, except for that prepared with SiC, SE2 demonstrated better etching efficacy on different smear layers, whereas SBU provided only superficial interaction.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Cimentos de Resina , Camada de Esfregaço , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
6.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(3): 311-320, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32435771

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of double application of resin cement primers to dentin prepared with different diamond burs on the cement-dentin bond strengths. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty flat dentin surfaces were prepared and divided into 12 groups (n = 5) according to three experimental factors: 1. resin cements: RelyX Ultimate (RU), Multilink Automix (ML), and Panavia V5 (PV); 2. resin cement primer application: single or double; 3. dentin surface preparation with regular or superfine diamond burs. Cement-dentin sticks (1 mm2) were prepared for and underwent microtensile bond strength testing (µTBS). Statistical analysis was performed using three-way ANOVA and Duncan's test (α = 0.05). Fractured surfaces and cement-dentin interfaces were observed using SEM. Additional teeth were used to observe the demineralization effect of resin cement primers with SEM and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). RESULTS: All tested factors demonstrated significant effects on µTBS (p < 0.001). The combination of PV with superfine-grit bur and double application yielded the highest bond strengths. Surfaces prepared with superfine-grit burs demonstrated higher µTBS than did the regular-grit group, but a significant effect was not observed for all groups. The double application of primer significantly increased the bond strength for most combinations, except for PV with superfine-grit bur-prepared dentin. CONCLUSIONS: PV showed higher bond strengths than other resin cements. Double application of primer improved the bond strength of all cements to dentin. Bond strengths were higher when dentin was prepared with a superfine-grit bur.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Diamante , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
7.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180663, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596368

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) electrospun fiber mats containing different amounts of polyethylene oxide (PEO) as a doxycycline delivery system and to test antibacterial activity against an oral pathogen. METHODOLOGY: PMMA powders or PEO (mol wt 200 Kd) (10,20,30% w/w/) were dissolved in N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF) to obtain a final polymer concentration of 15% in DMF (w/v). 2% Doxycycline monohydrate was added to the solutions and submitted to vortex mixing. The solution was transferred to a plastic syringe and fit into a nanofiber electrospinning unit. The parameters applied were: voltage at 17.2 kV; distance of 20 cm between the needle tip and the collector plate; target speed at 2 m/min; and transverse speed at 1cm/min. Syringe pump speed was 0.15 mm/min. The drug release analysis was performed by removing aliquots of the drug-containing solution (in PBS) at specific periods. Doxycycline release was quantified using RP-HPLC. Fiber mats from all groups had their antibacterial action tested against S. mutans based on inhibition halos formed around the specimens. The experiments were performed in triplicate. Gravimetric analysis at specific periods was performed to determine any polymer loss. Morphological characterization of the electrospun fibers was completed under an optical microscope followed by SEM analysis. RESULTS: The addition of PEO to the PMMA fibers did not affect the appearance and diameter of fibers. However, increasing the %PEO caused higher doxycycline release in the first 24 h. Fibers containing 30% PEO showed statistically significant higher release when compared with the other groups. Doxycycline released from the fibers containing 20% or 30% of PEO showed effective against S. mutans. CONCLUSION: The incorporation of PEO at 20% and 30% into PMMA fiber mat resulted in effective drug release systems, with detected antibacterial activity against S. mutans.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacocinética , Doxiciclina/farmacocinética , Nanofibras/química , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacocinética , Polimetil Metacrilato/farmacocinética , Análise de Variância , Antibacterianos/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Doxiciclina/química , Imersão , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Peso Molecular , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Polimetil Metacrilato/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Água/química
8.
Dent Mater ; 35(11): e286-e297, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31551153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the effects of addition of polyacrilonitrile (PAN) nanofibers and nanocrystal cellulose (NCC)-containing PAN nanofibers on flexural properties of experimental dental composites. METHODS: 11wt% PAN in dimethylformamide (DMF) solution was electrospun at 17.2kVA and 20cm from the collector drum. NCC was added to the solution at 3wt%. Fiber mats were produced in triplicates and tested as-spun. Strips (5cm×0.5cm) were cut from the mat in an orientation parallel and perpendicular to the rotational direction of the collector drum. Tensile tests were performed and ultimate tensile strength (UTS), elastic modulus (E) and elongation at maximum stress (%) were calculated from stress/strain plots. Fiber mats were then infiltrated by resin monomers (50/50 BisGMA/TEGDMA wt%), stacked in a mold (2×15×25) and light-cured. Beams (2×2×25mm) were cut from the slabs and tested in a universal testing machine. Data were analyzed by multiple t-test and one-way ANOVA (α=0.05). RESULTS: Addition of 3% NCC resulted in higher tensile properties of the fibers. Fibers presented anisotropic behavior with higher UTS and E when tested in perpendicular orientation. The incorporation of 3% NCC-PAN nanofibers resulted in significant increase in work of fracture and flexural strength of experimental dental composite beams. SIGNIFICANCE: NCC was found to be a suitable nanoparticle to reinforce experimental dental composites by incorporation via nanofiber. This fundamental study warrants future investigation in the use of electrospun nanofibres as a way to reinforce dental composites.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Nanopartículas , Celulose , Resinas Compostas , Módulo de Elasticidade , Teste de Materiais , Resistência à Tração
9.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 31(5): 423-430, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140674

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: As a result of advancements in chairside technology and speed sintering techniques and increased esthetic demands of patients, efforts have been made to produce monolithic zirconia restorations that are highly translucent, strong, and dense. While methods for processing zirconia are well known, there is a tendency to modify the process parameters with the aim of decreasing the overall processing time and, in particular, the sintering time. This review provides clinicians with scientific evidence of the effects of altering sintering parameters used for dental zirconia on its microstructure, phase transformation, and mechanical and optical properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of Embase and Medline using Boolean operators was performed to locate relevant articles. RESULTS: Eleven articles were selected for this review. The following characteristics of monolithic zirconia have been confirmed to be affected by alterations in sintering: the microstructure, mechanical properties, optical properties, wear behavior, and low thermal degradation. CONCLUSIONS: The alteration of sintering parameters has been found to alter the grain size, wear behavior, and translucency of zirconia. There is a lack of clinical studies that investigate the influence of altering sintering parameters or methods on the clinical performance of monolithic zirconia restorations. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Alteration of sintering parameters alters the microstructural, mechanical, and optical properties of zirconia. This will consequently impact the clinical performance of zirconia prostheses. Future clinical investigations are encouraged to support these in vitro findings.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Materiais Dentários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Zircônio
10.
Dent Mater J ; 38(3): 361-367, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30814455

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of dehydration on the mechanical properties of adhesive resins and dentin, and on the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of adhesives. Third molars were randomly bonded with Clearfil Mega Bond (MB) or Clearfil SE Bond 2 (SE). After water-storage (37°C; 24 h), µTBS was obtained in 'wet' (tested after 5 min of removal from storage) and 'dehydrated' (tested after 10, 15 min and 24 h) conditions by a universal tester (crosshead speed: 1 mm/min). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Duncan's test. Hardness (H), Elastic modulus (E) and weight-loss of dentin beams and adhesive-resin discs were also monitored over time and analyzed by one-way repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni's test (α=0.05). Significant differences in bond strength were observed for adhesives and for conditions. Except for dentin's E, dehydration caused significant gradual changes in the H, E and weight of adhesive resins and dentin (p<0.05).


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Resinas Compostas , Desidratação , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
11.
J Adhes Dent ; 21(1): 59-66, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30799472

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of double application of self-etch adhesives on their microtensile bond strength (µTBS) to dentin, as well as the hardness (H) of resin-dentin interfacial structures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Midcoronal dentin surfaces (n = 45) were polished with 180-grit SiC paper and randomly allocated to 9 groups based on three adhesives - Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (SB), G Premio Bond (GP), and Clearfil Megabond 2 (MB) - and three application modes: single application (S), double application with light curing after each application (DL), and double application with light curing only at the end (D). Following composite-resin build up and water storage (37°C; 24 h), µTBS were obtained. The hardness of adhesive, resin-dentin interface and dentin were evaluated by nanoindentation. The µTBS and H data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA to demonstrate the effects of adhesive and application mode as well as their interaction, followed by Tukey's test (α = 0.05). Fracture modes were determined using a stereomicroscope. RESULTS: µTBS and H were significantly affected by the adhesives and their application modes (p ˂ 0.001). Double application significantly increased the µTBS and H of adhesive and resin-dentin interface (p ˂ 0.05). SB and MB showed significantly higher µTBS than GP (p ˂ 0.05). CONCLUSION: Double applications during bonding of dentin having clinically relevant smear layers were beneficial for three contemporary self-etch adhesives. The improvement in bonding performance is believed to be the result of increased chemical interaction, better solvent removal, and improved resin infiltration, leading to improved mechanical properties of the resin-dentin interface or thicker adhesive layers providing improved stress distribution.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Camada de Esfregaço , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
12.
J Prosthodont ; 28(3): 288-298, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30656786

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The marginal fit is an essential component for the clinical success of prosthodontic restorations. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of different abutment finish line widths and crown thicknesses on the marginal fit of zirconia crowns fabricated using either standard or fast sintering protocols. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six titanium abutments were fabricated for receiving zirconia molar crowns. Crowns were designed virtually and milled from partially sintered zirconia blanks and divided into 12 groups (n = 10/group). Crowns in groups 1 to 6 were sintered by standard sintering, while those in groups 7 to 12 were sintered by fast sintering. Groups were further categorized according to abutment finish line and crown thickness: G1/G7 (0.5 mm chamfer, 0.8 mm thick); G2/G8 (0.5 mm chamfer, 1.5 mm thick); G3/G9 (1.0 mm chamfer, 0.8 mm thick); G4/10 (1.0 mm chamfer, 1.5 mm thick); G5/G11 (1.2 mm chamfer, 0.8 mm thick); G6/G12 (1.2 mm chamfer, 1.5 mm thick). The marginal gaps were assessed at 8 locations using digital microscopy. The linear mixed effect model analysis was performed at a significance level of 0.05. RESULTS: All vertical marginal gaps were within the clinically acceptable range (∼11-52 µm). G8 (FS, 0.5 mm chamfer, 1.5 mm thick) demonstrated the largest gaps (47.95 µm, 95% CI: 44.57-51.23), whereas G3 (SS, 1.0 mm chamfer, 0.8 thick) had the smallest marginal gap (14.43 µm, 95% CI: 11.15-17.71). A linear mixed effect models showed significant differences for the interaction between finish line × crown thickness × sintering (F = 18.96, p < 0.001). The lingual surfaces showed the largest gaps in both sintering protocols, while the mesial and mesiobuccal surfaces demonstrated the smallest gaps. CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant interaction between finish line widths, crown thickness, and sintering protocol on the marginal gaps in both sintering protocols; 1.0 mm finish line preparations with either 0.8 mm or 1.5 mm occlusal reduction had better marginal fit in both sintering protocols compared to 0.5 mm or 1.2 mm finish lines. Smaller marginal discrepancies were observed for standard sintering crowns with a 0.5 mm finish line and 1.5 mm occlusal reduction. Conservative occlusal reduction should be accompanied with a 1.2 mm finish line to obtain better marginal fit for full-contoured zirconia crowns.


Assuntos
Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Zircônio
13.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(6): 2629-2635, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30327950

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of air-blowing time and storage time on microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of universal adhesives to dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety flat dentin surfaces from extracted human third molars were bonded with three universal adhesives (Clearfil Universal Bond-CU; G-Premio Bond-GP; Scotchbond Universal Adhesives-SB). Bonded dentin surfaces were air-dried for 5 s, 15 s, or 30 s followed by resin composite built-up. Resin-dentin beams were tested with µTBS test after different storage time in distilled water (24 h and 1 year). Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Duncan test at (α = 0.05). Failure mode and resin-dentin interfaces were observed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Specific features of fractured beams after µTBS were further observed using SEM at high magnification. RESULTS: Extension of air-blowing time from 5 s to 30 s increased the 24 h µTBS of CU only. Bond strength of all adhesives significantly decreased after 1-year storage except for CU at 5 s and 30 s of air-blowing time. One-year µTBS were significantly higher when air-blowing times were extended to 15 s for SB and 30 s for CU. Air-blowing time had no influence on GP. CONCLUSION: The effect of air-blowing time and storage time on resin-dentin bond was material-dependent. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Extended air-blowing time increased the bond strength and bond durability of CU. Extension of air-blowing time to 15 s and 30 s improve the long-term bond strength of SB and CU, respectively.


Assuntos
Ar , Resinas Compostas , Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Dentina , Cimentos Dentários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Dente Molar , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração , Fatores de Tempo
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180663, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1040224

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To investigate the use of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) electrospun fiber mats containing different amounts of polyethylene oxide (PEO) as a doxycycline delivery system and to test antibacterial activity against an oral pathogen. Methodology: PMMA powders or PEO (mol wt 200 Kd) (10,20,30% w/w/) were dissolved in N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF) to obtain a final polymer concentration of 15% in DMF (w/v). 2% Doxycycline monohydrate was added to the solutions and submitted to vortex mixing. The solution was transferred to a plastic syringe and fit into a nanofiber electrospinning unit. The parameters applied were: voltage at 17.2 kV; distance of 20 cm between the needle tip and the collector plate; target speed at 2 m/min; and transverse speed at 1cm/min. Syringe pump speed was 0.15 mm/min. The drug release analysis was performed by removing aliquots of the drug-containing solution (in PBS) at specific periods. Doxycycline release was quantified using RP-HPLC. Fiber mats from all groups had their antibacterial action tested against S. mutans based on inhibition halos formed around the specimens. The experiments were performed in triplicate. Gravimetric analysis at specific periods was performed to determine any polymer loss. Morphological characterization of the electrospun fibers was completed under an optical microscope followed by SEM analysis. Results: The addition of PEO to the PMMA fibers did not affect the appearance and diameter of fibers. However, increasing the %PEO caused higher doxycycline release in the first 24 h. Fibers containing 30% PEO showed statistically significant higher release when compared with the other groups. Doxycycline released from the fibers containing 20% or 30% of PEO showed effective against S. mutans. Conclusion: The incorporation of PEO at 20% and 30% into PMMA fiber mat resulted in effective drug release systems, with detected antibacterial activity against S. mutans.


Assuntos
Polietilenoglicóis/farmacocinética , Doxiciclina/farmacocinética , Polimetil Metacrilato/farmacocinética , Nanofibras/química , Antibacterianos/farmacocinética , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Água/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise de Variância , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Doxiciclina/química , Polimetil Metacrilato/química , Imersão , Antibacterianos/química , Peso Molecular
15.
J Prosthodont ; 27(2): 145-152, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28833920

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the marginal fit of lithium disilicate (LD) crowns fabricated with digital impression and manufacturing (DD), digital impression and traditional pressed manufacturing (DP), and traditional impression and manufacturing (TP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tooth #15 was prepared for all-ceramic crowns on an ivorine typodont. There were 45 LD crowns fabricated using three techniques: DD, DP, and TP. Microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) was used to assess the 2D and 3D marginal fit of crowns in all three groups. The 2D vertical marginal gap (MG) measurements were done at 20 systematically selected points/crown, while the 3D measurements represented the 3D volume of the gap measured circumferentially at the crown margin. Frequencies of different marginal discrepancies were also recorded, including overextension (OE), underextension (UE), and marginal chipping. Crowns with vertical MG > 120 µm at more than five points were considered unacceptable and were rejected. The results were analyzed by one-way ANOVA with Scheffe post hoc test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: DD crowns demonstrated significantly smaller mean vertical MG (33.3 ± 19.99 µm) compared to DP (54.08 ± 32.34 µm) and TP (51.88 ± 35.34 µm) crowns. Similarly, MG volume was significantly lower in the DD group (3.32 ± 0.58 mm3 ) compared to TP group (4.16 ± 0.59 mm3 ). The mean MG volume for the DP group (3.55 ± 0.78 mm3 ) was not significantly different from the other groups. The occurrence of underextension error was higher in DP (6.25%) and TP (5.4%) than in DD (0.33%) group, while overextension was more frequent in DD (37.67%) than in TP (28.85%) and DP (18.75%) groups. Overall, 4 out of 45 crowns fabricated were deemed unacceptable based on the vertical MG measurements (three in TP group and one in DP group; all crowns in DD group were deemed acceptable). CONCLUSION: The results suggested that digital impression and CAD/CAM technology is a suitable, better alternative to traditional impression and manufacturing.


Assuntos
Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Materiais Dentários , Porcelana Dentária , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária/métodos , Técnica de Moldagem Odontológica , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Microtomografia por Raio-X
16.
J Adhes Dent ; 19(5): 401-408, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29152618

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the effect of mechanical fatigue on the bond strength of resin composite cemented to silica-coated yttria-tetragonal zirconia polycrystal ceramic (Y-TZP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten Y-TZP blocks were polished down to 600-grit silicon carbide paper. Specimens were silica coated by airborne-particle abrasion with 30-µm silica-modified Al2O3 particles. Blocks were cleaned in an ultrasonic bath, and a dental adhesive was applied and light cured for 20 s. Pre-cured composite blocks were luted to treated Y-TZP surfaces with a dual-curing resin cement. Half of the samples (n = 5) were subjected to mechanical fatigue before trimming (fatigue group) and the other half tested 24 h after bonding procedures (control group). Forty-five beam-shaped samples with an approximately 1 mm2 cross-sectional area were prepared for each group and tested in microtensile mode at 0.5 mm/min. Fractographic analysis was performed by optical and scanning electron microscopy. Only specimens that failed at the interface area were considered for statistical analysis. Weibull distribution (95% confidence bounds) was used to determine the characteristic strength (σ0 in MPa) and Weibull modulus (m) for each group. Probability of survival was calculated over the range of loads until specimens failed. RESULTS: The control group showed σ0 = 45.91 MPa and m = 7.98, and the fatigue group σ0 = 43.94 MPa and m = 6.44 (p > 0.05). The probability of survival did not differ significantly between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Fatigue did not affect the bond strength between silica-treated Y-TZP intaglio surfaces and composite cement under these experimental conditions.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Óxido de Alumínio , Cimentos Dentários , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Cimentos de Resina , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície , Zircônio
17.
Eur J Oral Sci ; 125(6): 471-478, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29110340

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of topical fluoride application on enamel hardness after in-office bleaching. Twelve human incisors were cut along the long axis, resulting in 24 halves used in four treatment groups (n = 6 in each group): (i) untreated group (C); (ii) in-office bleaching material (B); (iii) treatment with surface reaction-type prereacted glass-ionomer varnish after in-office bleaching (B+PRG); and (iv) treatment with acidulated phosphate fluoride solution after bleaching (B+F). All specimens were subjected to pH-cycling for 4 wk. Knoop hardness was measured using a Cariotester. The decalcification of enamel was assessed quantitatively by measuring the integrated mineral loss (ΔIML). Games-Howell analysis was used to assess statistical significance of between-group differences. The Knoop hardness decreased significantly after bleaching for all groups. In treatment groups B+PRG and B+F, the Knoop hardness returned to the original unbleached values after the first pH cycle and did not change afterwards. In treatment groups C and B there was a gradual decrease in the Knoop hardness until the fourth pH cycle. The integrated mineral loss, ΔIML, was significantly higher in treatment group B+F after 2 wk than in the other treatment groups. After 4 wk, the ΔIML in treatment group B was significantly higher than in treatment group B+PRG. The application of fluoride-containing materials after bleaching results in recuperation of hardness to levels similar to those of unbleached enamel.


Assuntos
Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Esmalte Dentário/diagnóstico por imagem , Fluoretos Tópicos/administração & dosagem , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/administração & dosagem , Microrradiografia , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Testes de Dureza , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Técnicas In Vitro , Incisivo
18.
Dent Clin North Am ; 61(4): 821-834, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28886770

RESUMO

Self-adhesive resin cements combine easy application of conventional luting materials with improved mechanical properties and bonding capability of resin cements. The presence of functional acidic monomers, dual cure setting mechanism, and fillers capable of neutralizing the initial low pH of the cement are essential elements of the material and should be understood when selecting the ideal luting material for each clinical situation. This article addresses the most relevant aspects of self-adhesive resin cements and their potential impact on clinical performance. Although few clinical studies are available to establish solid clinical evidence, the information presented provides clinical guidance in the dynamic environment of material development.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Cimentos de Resina/uso terapêutico , Autocura de Resinas Dentárias/métodos , Humanos
19.
Dent Mater ; 33(8): 895-903, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28552335

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of different air-blowing durations on the micro-tensile bond strength (µTBS) of five current one-step adhesive systems to dentin. METHODS: One hundred and five caries-free human molars and five current one-step adhesive systems were used: ABU (All Bond Universal, Bisco, Inc.), CUB (CLEARFIL™ Universal Bond, Kuraray), GPB (G-Premio BOND, GC), OBA (OptiBond All-in-one, Kerr) and SBU (Scotchbond Universal, 3M ESPE). The adhesives were applied to 600 SiC paper-flat dentin surfaces according to each manufacturer's instructions and were air-dried with standard, oil-free air pressure of 0.25MPa for either 0s, 5s, 15s or 30s before light-curing. Bond strength to dentin was determined by using µTBS test after 24h of water storage. The fracture pattern on the dentin surface was analyzed by SEM. The resin-dentin interface of untested specimens was visualized by panoramic SEM image. Data from µTBS were analyzed using two-way ANOVA (adhesive vs. air-blowing time), and Games-Howell (a=0.05). RESULTS: Two-way ANOVA revealed a significant effect of materials (p=0.000) and air-blowing time (p=0.000) on bond strength to dentin. The interaction between factors was also significantly different (p=0.000). Maximum bond strength for each system were recorded, OBA/15s (76.34±19.15MPa), SBU/15s (75.18±12.83MPa), CUB/15s (68.23±16.36MPa), GPB/30s (55.82±12.99MPa) and ABU/15s (44.75±8.95MPa). The maximum bond strength of OBA and SUB were significantly higher than that of GPB and ABU (p<0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: The bond strength of the current one-step adhesive systems is material-dependent (p=0.000), and was influenced by air-blowing duration (p=0.000). For the current one-step adhesive systems, higher bond strengths could be achieved with prolonged air-blowing duration between 15-30s.


Assuntos
Luzes de Cura Dentária , Colagem Dentária , Dentina , Adesivos , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
20.
J Dent ; 47: 63-70, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26855030

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effects of surface preparation and the application time of adhesives on the resin-dentine bond strengths with universal adhesives. METHODS: Sixty molars were cut to exposed mid-coronal dentine and divided into 12 groups (n=5) based on three factors; (1) adhesive: G-Premio Bond (GP, GC Corp., Tokyo, Japan), Clearfil Universal Bond (CU, Kuraray Noritake Dental Inc., Okayama, Japan) and Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (SB, 3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA); (2) smear layer preparation: SiC paper ground dentine or bur-cut dentine; (3) application time: shortened time or as manufacturer's instruction. Fifteen resin-dentine sticks per group were processed for microtensile bond strength test (µTBS) according to non-trimming technique (1mm(2)) after storage in distilled water (37 °C) for 24h. Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Dunnett T3 tests (α=0.05). Fractured surfaces were observed under scanning electron microscope (SEM). Another 12 teeth were prepared and cut into slices for SEM examination of bonded interfaces. RESULTS: µTBS were higher when bonded to SiC-ground dentine according to manufacturer's instruction. Bonding to bur-cut dentine resulted in significantly lower µTBS (p<0.000). Shortening the application time resulted in significantly lower bond strength for CU on SiC and GP on bur-cut dentine. SEM of fractured surfaces revealed areas with a large amount of porosities at the adhesive resin interface. This was more pronounced when adhesives were bonded with a reduced application time and on bur cut dentine. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The performance of universal adhesives can be compromised on bur cut dentine and when applied with a reduced application time.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária/métodos , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Dentina/química , Preparo do Dente/métodos , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente/métodos , Adesivos , Equipamentos Odontológicos de Alta Rotação , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesivos Dentinários/farmacologia , Humanos , Dente Serotino/efeitos dos fármacos , Dente Serotino/ultraestrutura , Distribuição Aleatória , Camada de Esfregaço/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Fraturas dos Dentes/terapia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...