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1.
Chin J Dent Res ; 24(3): 159-166, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate adhesives' enamel bonding performance utilising the traditional microtensile bond strength test (µTBST) and a new double-sided microtensile bond strength test (DµTBST) to assess the suitability of the latter. METHODS: A 'tug-of-war' direct encounter design was employed to compare the enamel bond strengths of two universal adhesives and their different application modes simultaneously under the same tensile load applied to double-sided bonded specimens. Clearfil Universal Bond (CU; Kuraray, Kurashiki, Japan) and Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (SB; 3M ESPE, St Paul, MN, USA) were applied in self-etch (S) and etch-and-rinse (E) mode on 110 human molar samples to perform two experiments. Experiment 1 compared the enamel bond strengths of the combinations of adhesive application modes utilising µTBST. The data were analysed using a Welch analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by a Games-Howell test. Experiment 2 employed DµTBST to determine the suitability of the new double-sided bonded assembly and ascertain which of the adhesive application mode combinations was superior. The data were analysed using a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, followed by pairwise comparisons with a Mantel-Cox log-rank test. The level of significance was set at P ˂ 0.05. RESULTS: The µTBST results did not show significant differences for CUE vs CUS, SBE vs SBS, CUS vs SBS and CUS vs SBE (P ˃ 0.05); however, from DµTBST, the survival distributions for the interventions were statistically significantly different (χ2(3) = 145.130, P ˂ 0.0005), indicating the superiority of universal adhesive CU over SB and application mode E over S with certainty. CONCLUSION: DµTBST was able to add more discerning outcomes to the µTBST results, indicating that the new technique could become a valuable adjunct to the conventional method.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Esmalte Dentário , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
2.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(7)2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805907

RESUMO

This study evaluated an experimental two-step self-etch adhesive (BZF-29, BZF) by comparing it with a reference two-step self-etch adhesive (Clearfil Megabond 2, MB) and a universal adhesive (G-Premio Bond, GP) for microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and resin-dentin interfacial characteristics. Twenty-four human third molars were used for the µTBS test. Bonded peripheral dentin slices were separated to observe the resin-dentin interface and measure the adhesive layer thickness with SEM. µTBS data of the central beams were obtained after 24 h and 6 months of water storage. Fracture modes were determined using a stereomicroscope and SEM. Nine additional third molars were used to determine the elastic modulus (E) employing an ultra microhardness tester. Water storage did not affect µTBS of the tested adhesives (p > 0.05). µTBS of BZF and MB were similar but significantly higher than GP (p < 0.05). BZF achieved the highest adhesive layer thickness, while GP the lowest. E of BZF and MB were comparable but significantly lower than GP (p < 0.05). Except for GP, the predominant fracture mode was nonadhesive. The superior bonding performance of BZF and MB could be attributed to their better mechanical property and increased adhesive thickness imparting better stress relief at the interface.

3.
J Dent ; 107: 103609, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610589

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to present the results of a consensus meeting on the threshold property requirements for the clinical use of conventional glass-ionomer cements (GICs) for restorative indications. METHODS: Twenty-one experts on GICs evaluated the results of tests on mechanical and optical properties of 18 different brands of restorative GICs: Bioglass R [B], Chemfil Rock [CR], Equia Forte [EF], Gold Label 2 [GL2], Gold Label 9 [GL9], Glass Ionomer Cement II [GI], Ionglass [IG], Ion Z [IZ], Ionomaster [IM], Ionofil Plus [IP], Ionostar Plus [IS], Ketac Molar Easymix [KM], Magic Glass [MG], Maxxion R [MA], Riva Self Cure [R], Vidrion R [V], Vitro Fil [VF] and Vitro Molar [VM]. All experiments were carried out by a team of researchers from Brazil and England following strict protocols, under the same laboratory conditions throughout, and maintaining data integrity. RESULTS: There was consensus on: determining as primary properties of the material: compressive strength, microhardness, acid erosion and fluoride release, and as secondary properties: contrast ratio and translucency parameter, in order to rank the materials. Seven brands were below the thresholds for restorative indications: IZ, IM, IG, MA, VF, B and MG. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the primary properties adopted as being essential for restorative indications, the conventional restorative GICs that met the thresholds and could be considered suitable as long-term restorative materials were: EF, GI, GL9, KM, IP, GL2, IS, CR, V, VM and R. A decision-making process to select the best GIC must also include results from clinical trials. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This study provides a ranking of GICs that could be considered suitable as long-term restorative materials based on their main properties.


Assuntos
Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Brasil , Força Compressiva , Consenso , Teste de Materiais
4.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190753, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638829

RESUMO

Objectives To compare the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and depth of cure (DOC) of bulk-fill composites cured by monowave (MW) and polywave (PW) LED units using different curing times. Methodology Three composites were tested: Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill (TBF), Filtek Bulk Fill (FBF), and Tetric EvoCeram (T; control). Flat dentin surfaces treated with adhesive (AdheSE Universal®, Ivoclar Vivadent) were bonded with 4 mm cylindrical samples of each bulk-fill composite material (n=6) and cured with monowave (Satelec) or polywave (Bluephase Style) curing units for 10 or 20 seconds. After 24 hours, teeth were sectioned into individual 0.9 mm2 beams and tested for µTBS. Failure modes were analysed. Moreover, the DOC scrape test (IOS 4090) was completed (n=5) following the same curing protocols. Two-way ANOVA (a=0.05) was performed, isolating light-curing units. Results For samples cured with the MW light-curing unit, no significant effects were observed in the µTBS results between any of the resin composite brands and the curing times. Conversely, when resins were cured with a PW light unit, a significant effect was observed for TBF resin. In general, bulk-fill composites presented greater DOC and longer curing time resulted in higher DOC for all composites. Conclusion The µTBS of the composites to dentin was not affected by the curing mode of the resins, except for TBF cured with PW light unit. Bulk-fill composites exhibit greater DOC than conventional resin-based composites.


Assuntos
Luzes de Cura Dentária , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários , Resinas Compostas , Materiais Dentários , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Polimerização
5.
J Prosthodont ; 29(8): 699-706, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237048

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the linear and volumetric dimensional changes that occur throughout the fabrication process of monolithic 4.5-6% yttria-stabilized zirconia copings under the influence of different preparation designs and two sintering protocols. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A titanium master die was fabricated using Atlantis core file implant-abutment. Six copings were designed virtually according to different finish line offsets and coping thicknesses, with four equidistant occlusal posts for linear measurements. Zirconia copings were milled using IPS e.max ZirCAD LT zirconia blanks. The experimental groups according to the coping designs were the following: G1: 0.5 mm finish line offset, 0.5 mm thickness; G2: 0.5 mm finish line offset, 1.0 mm thickness; G3: 0.5 mm finish line offset, 1.5 mm thickness; G4: 1.2 mm finish line offset, 0.5 mm thickness; G5: 1.2 mm finish line offset, 1.0 mm thickness; G6: 1.2 mm finish line offset, 1.5 mm thickness. Six samples per group were sintered by standard sintering (SS) and the other six by fast sintering (FS). Linear and volumetric measurements were taken at the three fabrication stages (virtual design, milling stage, and sintering) by using an intraoral scanner and imported as the .stl file to Meshmixer software for analysis. Statistical analysis was performed by a linear mixed effect model via statistical software R (R Core team, 2018). RESULTS: There was a significant interaction between the coping design group, stage of fabrication and sintering protocol on the linear (F = 4.451, p < 0.001) and volumetric (F = 2.716; p < 0.001) dimensional changes. Standard sintering G1 showed the smallest linear and dimensional changes among the groups compared to the reference design. Sintered copings had shrunk on average 1.32% within SS and 1.54% within FS linearly and 3.82% within SS and 3.90% within FS volumetrically compared to the initial design parameters. CONCLUSION: The linear and volumetric dimensional changes did not differ significantly between standard and fast sintering protocols, and the preparation designs had more influence on the dimensional changes compared to sintering protocols.


Assuntos
Coroas , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Ítrio , Zircônio
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190753, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1134782

RESUMO

Abstract Objectives To compare the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and depth of cure (DOC) of bulk-fill composites cured by monowave (MW) and polywave (PW) LED units using different curing times. Methodology Three composites were tested: Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill (TBF), Filtek Bulk Fill (FBF), and Tetric EvoCeram (T; control). Flat dentin surfaces treated with adhesive (AdheSE Universal®, Ivoclar Vivadent) were bonded with 4 mm cylindrical samples of each bulk-fill composite material (n=6) and cured with monowave (Satelec) or polywave (Bluephase Style) curing units for 10 or 20 seconds. After 24 hours, teeth were sectioned into individual 0.9 mm2 beams and tested for µTBS. Failure modes were analysed. Moreover, the DOC scrape test (IOS 4090) was completed (n=5) following the same curing protocols. Two-way ANOVA (a=0.05) was performed, isolating light-curing units. Results For samples cured with the MW light-curing unit, no significant effects were observed in the µTBS results between any of the resin composite brands and the curing times. Conversely, when resins were cured with a PW light unit, a significant effect was observed for TBF resin. In general, bulk-fill composites presented greater DOC and longer curing time resulted in higher DOC for all composites. Conclusion The µTBS of the composites to dentin was not affected by the curing mode of the resins, except for TBF cured with PW light unit. Bulk-fill composites exhibit greater DOC than conventional resin-based composites.

7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(21)2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671751

RESUMO

The removal or modification of smear layers that cover the dentin is critical to allow the penetration of adhesive molecules and to ensure a strong bond between resin and dentin. Aiming to establish a model for clinically-relevant dentin-bond testing, we evaluated the effects of smear layers created by abrasives having similar coarseness (180-grit SiC paper; fine-grit diamond bur) and application modes (single application; double application) on the microtensile bond strengths (µTBS) of two currently available universal adhesives (G-Premio Bond; Scotchbond Universal Adhesive) and a two-step self-etch adhesive (Clearfil Megabond 2). Sixty extracted human third molars were used for the µTBS test. Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). Fracture modes were determined using stereomicroscopy. An additional 24 third molars were prepared for observation of the resin-dentin interface by TEM and adhesive-smear layer interaction by SEM. µTBS was significantly affected by the adhesives and their application modes (p < 0.001), implying that the double application of universal adhesives should be recommended to improve their performance. The effect of smear layers was not significant (p > 0.05), indicating that 180-grit SiC papers could be used to prepare dentin as a substitute for fine-grit diamond burs for dentin-bond testing in laboratory settings.


Assuntos
Adesivos/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Camada de Esfregaço/química , Estresse Mecânico , Resistência à Tração , Resinas Compostas/química , Dentina/ultraestrutura , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Dente Serotino , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície
8.
J Oral Biosci ; 61(1): 37-42, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30929800

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) is a sustainable material with excellent mechanical properties and can potentially be used as a reinforcement agent. The objective of this work was to test the effects of NCC incorporation on the mechanical properties of electrospun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibers. METHODS: Eleven percent in weight of PAN (molecular weight 150 kD) in a dimethylformamide (DMF) solution was electrospun at 14.6 kV. Nonfunctionalized NCC was added to the solution at 1%, 2%, or 3 wt% (NCC/PAN). Suspensions were mixed and sonicated for 2 h before spinning. Strips (5 × 0.5 cm) were cut from the spun mat, parallel and perpendicular to the rotational direction of the fiber collection drum. Tensile tests were performed, and ultimate tensile strength (UTS), yield strength (YS; 0.3%), elastic modulus (E), and elongation at maximum stress (EMS, %) were calculated from stress-strain plots. Data were analyzed by multiple t tests and one-way ANOVA (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Among all groups, samples with 3 wt % NCC loading had significantly superior mechanical properties. The fiber mats showed anisotropic behavior. CONCLUSIONS: Regardless of concentration, the addition of NCC resulted in increased UTS, E, and YS of the nanofibers.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Resinas Acrílicas , Celulose , Resistência à Tração
9.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 94: 238-248, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30927591

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of experimental conditioners (10-3 solution - 10-3, 6.8% ferric oxalate - FOX, and 1.4% nitric acid - NI) on dentin elastic modulus, flexural strength, bond strength, failure mode, and adhesive interface morphology of two etch-and-rinse adhesives (XP Bond, Dentsply or One-Step, Bisco) applied on etched dry dentin. METHODS: Sound human third molars were used for the microtensile bond strength test (n = 8), performed at 24 h and after one year of water storage. Failure modes were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. Dentin bonding interface was analyzed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (n = 3). Adhesive systems were applied on phosphoric acid-etched, wet (positive control) and dry (negative control) dentin, and on etched and dry dentin previously treated with 10-3 (15s), FOX (60s), or NI (15s). Bovine dentin bars (n = 15) were immersed into the conditioning solutions and subjected to a three-point bending test. RESULTS: XP Bond + 10-3 or NI resulted in lower bond strength than phosphoric acid. One-Step + 10-3 or NI resulted in bond strengths equivalent to the positive control. Experimental conditioners presented no bond strength reduction after one year, regardless of the bonding agent tested. One-Step resulted in more adhesive failures than XP Bond at 24 h, and mixed failures increased after storage. All experimental conditioners promoted hybridization and resin tags formation, except FOX. Dentin elastic modulus was not affected by the conditioners, whereas flexural strength was significantly reduced by FOX. CONCLUSIONS: Adequate and stable dentin bonds were achieved when the bonding agents were applied on 10-3 or NI-treated dentin. None of the experimental conditioners reduced dentin elastic modulus, but dentin flexural strength was significantly reduced by FOX-conditioning.


Assuntos
Dentina/química , Ferro/química , Ácido Nítrico/química , Adesivos/química , Animais , Bovinos , Humanos , Soluções
10.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 90: 374-380, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30408756

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of bioactive glass (45S5 and NbG) suspensions on bond strength (µTBS), hardness, modulus of elasticity, pH and antibacterial activity of the resin-dentin interfaces after 3 months. METHODS: Groups with different concentrations (5% and 20%) of two types of glass (45S5 and NbG), and a control group (distilled water) were studied. Twenty-five extracted human third molars were etched with phosphoric acid. The data from µTBS, hardness and modulus of elasticity data were submitted to two-way ANOVA (suspension vs. time) and Holm-Sidak tests (=0.05). The antimicrobial activity data were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis test (α = 5%). RESULTS: The interactions were significant among groups for µTBS (p = 0.033). Significant reductions in µTBS were observed after 3 months storage in PBS for the Control and 5% NbG Groups. Suspensions with 5% and 20% 45S5 glass and 20% NbG resulted in stable µTBS values and increased hardness after 3 months. Both 20% suspensions (45S5 and NbG) increased the elastic modulus. A significant greater reduction in bacterial growth was observed with the use of 20% 45S5. CONCLUSION: Rewetting dentin with the suspension of 20% 45S5 glass prevented the reduction in bond strength; increased hardness; modulus of elasticity of the resin-dentin interface, and demonstrated antibacterial activity against Streptococcus mutans.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cerâmica/química , Cerâmica/farmacologia , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Vidro/química , Resistência à Tração , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Elasticidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Dureza/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistência à Tração/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Dent Mater ; 34(6): 868-878, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29555096

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Materials for pulp protection should have therapeutic properties in order to stimulate remineralization and pulp reparative processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical properties, biocompatibility, cell differentiation and bioactivity of experimental light-curable resin-based materials containing bioactive micro-fillers. METHODS: Four calcium-phosphosilicate micro-fillers were prepared and incorporated into a resin blend: 1) Bioglass 45S5 (BAG); 2) zinc-doped bioglass (BAG-Zn); 3) ßTCP-modified calcium silicate (ß-CS); 4) zinc-doped ß-CS (ß-CS-Zn). These experimental resins were tested for flexural strength (FS) and fracture toughness (FT) after 24h and 30-day storage in simulated body fluid (SBF). Cytotoxicity was evaluated using MTT assay, while bioactivity was evaluated using mineralization and gene expression assays (Runx-2 & ALP). RESULTS: The lowest FS and FT at 24h was attained with ß-CS resin, while all the other tested materials exhibited a decrease in FS after prolonged storage in SBF. ß-CS-Zn maintained a stable FT after 30-day SBF aging. Incorporation of bioactive micro-fillers had no negative effect on the biocompatibility of the experimental materials tested in this study. The inclusion of zinc-doped fillers significantly increased the cellular remineralization potential and expression of the osteogenic genes Runx2 and ALP (p<0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: The innovative materials tested in this study, in particular those containing ß-CS-Zn and BAG-Zn may promote cell differentiation and mineralization. Thus, these materials might represent suitable therapeutic pulp protection materials for minimally invasive and atraumatic restorative treatments.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cerâmica/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Agentes de Capeamento da Polpa Dentária e Pulpectomia/farmacologia , Cimentos de Resina/farmacologia , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas , Cerâmica/química , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Vidro , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Técnicas In Vitro , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários , Teste de Materiais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Agentes de Capeamento da Polpa Dentária e Pulpectomia/química , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Cimentos de Resina/química , Silicatos/farmacologia , Análise Espectral Raman , Propriedades de Superfície
12.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 25(6): 700-707, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29211292

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Due to increasing of aesthetic demand, ceramic crowns are widely used in different situations. However, to obtain long-term prognosis of restorations, a good conversion of resin cement is necessary. To evaluate the degree of conversion (DC) of one light-cure and two dual-cure resin cements under a simulated clinical cementation of ceramic crowns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prepared teeth were randomly split according to the ceramic's material, resin cement and curing protocol. The crowns were cemented as per manufacturer's directions and photoactivated either from occlusal suface only for 60 s; or from the buccal, occlusal and lingual surfaces, with an exposure time of 20 s on each aspect. After cementation, the specimens were stored in deionized water at 37°C for 7 days. Specimens were transversally sectioned from occlusal to cervical surfaces and the DC was determined along the cement line with three measurements taken and averaged from the buccal, lingual and approximal aspects using micro-Raman spectroscopy (Alpha 300R/WITec®). Data were analyzed by 3-way ANOVA and Tukey test at =5%. RESULTS: Statistical analysis showed significant differences among cements, curing protocols and ceramic type (p<0.001). The curing protocol 3x20 resulted in higher DC for all tested conditions; lower DC was observed for Zr ceramic crowns; Duolink resin cement culminated in higher DC regardless ceramic composition and curing protocol. CONCLUSION: The DC of resin cement layers was dependent on the curing protocol and type of ceramic.


Assuntos
Luzes de Cura Dentária , Cimentos Dentários/química , Porcelana Dentária/química , Estética Dentária , Cimentos de Resina/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(6): 700-707, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-893664

RESUMO

Abstract Due to increasing of aesthetic demand, ceramic crowns are widely used in different situations. However, to obtain long-term prognosis of restorations, a good conversion of resin cement is necessary. Objective: To evaluate the degree of conversion (DC) of one light-cure and two dual-cure resin cements under a simulated clinical cementation of ceramic crowns. Material and Methods: Prepared teeth were randomly split according to the ceramic's material, resin cement and curing protocol. The crowns were cemented as per manufacturer's directions and photoactivated either from occlusal suface only for 60 s; or from the buccal, occlusal and lingual surfaces, with an exposure time of 20 s on each aspect. After cementation, the specimens were stored in deionized water at 37°C for 7 days. Specimens were transversally sectioned from occlusal to cervical surfaces and the DC was determined along the cement line with three measurements taken and averaged from the buccal, lingual and approximal aspects using micro-Raman spectroscopy (Alpha 300R/WITec®). Data were analyzed by 3-way ANOVA and Tukey test at =5%. Results: Statistical analysis showed significant differences among cements, curing protocols and ceramic type (p<0.001). The curing protocol 3x20 resulted in higher DC for all tested conditions; lower DC was observed for Zr ceramic crowns; Duolink resin cement culminated in higher DC regardless ceramic composition and curing protocol. Conclusion: The DC of resin cement layers was dependent on the curing protocol and type of ceramic.


Assuntos
Humanos , Luzes de Cura Dentária , Cimentos Dentários/química , Porcelana Dentária/química , Estética Dentária , Cimentos de Resina/química , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
14.
Dent Mater ; 33(10): 1093-1102, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28779890

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of conditioning solutions containing ferric chloride (FeCl3) on resin-dentin bond strength; on protection of dentin collagen against enzymatic degradation and on cathepsin-K (CT-K) activity. METHODS: Conditioning solutions were prepared combining citric acid (CA) and anhydrous ferric chloride (FeCl3) in different concentrations. The solutions were applied to etch flat dentin surfaces followed by bonding with adhesive resin. Phosphoric acid (PA) gel etchant was used as control. The microtensile bond strength (µTBS) was tested after 24h of storage in water and after 9 months of storage in phosphate buffer saline. Dentin slabs were demineralized in 0.5M EDTA, pre-treated or not with FeCl3 and incubated with CT-K. The collagenase activity on dentin collagen matrix was examined and characterized by SEM. Additional demineralized dentin slabs were treated with the conditioning solutions, and the amount of Fe bound to collagen was determined by EDX. The activity of CT-K in the presence of FeCl3 was monitored fluorimetrically. Data were analyzed by ANOVA followed by post-hoc tests as required (α=5%). RESULTS: Slightly higher bond strengths were obtained when dentin was conditioned with 5% CA/0.6% FeCl3 and 5% CA-1.8%FeCl3 regardless of storage time. Bond strengths reduced significantly for all tested conditioners after 9 months of storage. Treating dentin with 1.8% FeCl3 was effective to preserve the structure of collagen against CT-K. EDX analysis revealed binding of Fe-ions to dentin collagen after 15s immersion of demineralized dentin slabs into FeCl3 solutions. FeCl3 at concentration of 0.08% was able to suppress CT-K activity. SIGNIFICANCE: This study shows that FeCl3 binds to collagen and offers protection against Cat-K degradation. Mixed solutions of CA and FeCl3 may be used as alternative to PA to etch dentin in resin-dentin bonding with the benefits of preventing collagen degradation.


Assuntos
Cloretos , Colágeno/metabolismo , Adesivos Dentinários , Compostos Férricos , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Colagem Dentária , Dentina , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
15.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 22(4): 287-93, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25141200

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Composite resin and metallic posts are the materials most employed for reconstruction of teeth presenting partial or total destruction of crowns. Resin-based cements have been widely used for cementation of ceramic crowns. The success of cementation depends on the achievement of adequate cement curing. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the microhardness of Variolink® II (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein), used for cementing ceramic crowns onto three different coronal substrate preparations (dentin, metal, and composite resin), after 7 days and 3 months of water storage. The evaluation was performed along the cement line in the cervical, medium and occlusal thirds on the buccal and lingual aspects, and on the occlusal surface. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty molars were distributed in three groups (N=10) according to the type of coronal substrate: Group D- the prepared surfaces were kept in dentin; Groups M (metal) and R (resin)- the crowns were sectioned at the level of the cementoenamel junction and restored with metallic cast posts or resin build-up cores, respectively. The crowns were fabricated in ceramic IPS e.max® Press (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) and luted with Variolink II. After 7 days of water storage, 5 specimens of each group were sectioned in buccolingual direction for microhardness measurements. The other specimens (N=5) were kept stored in deionized water at 37ºC for three months, followed by sectioning and microhardness measurements. RESULTS: Data were first analyzed by three-way ANOVA that did not reveal significant differences between thirds and occlusal surface (p=0.231). Two-way ANOVA showed significant effect of substrates (p<0.001) and the Tukey test revealed that microhardness was significantly lower when crowns were cemented on resin cores and tested after 7 days of water storage (p=0.007). CONCLUSION: The type of material employed for coronal reconstruction of preparations for prosthetic purposes may influence the cement properties.


Assuntos
Cimentação/métodos , Cerâmica/química , Coroas , Cimentos de Resina/química , Água/química , Análise de Variância , Testes de Dureza , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Ilustração Médica , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 22(4): 287-293, Jul-Aug/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-718285

RESUMO

Composite resin and metallic posts are the materials most employed for reconstruction of teeth presenting partial or total destruction of crowns. Resin-based cements have been widely used for cementation of ceramic crowns. The success of cementation depends on the achievement of adequate cement curing. Objectives: To evaluate the microhardness of Variolink® II (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein), used for cementing ceramic crowns onto three different coronal substrate preparations (dentin, metal, and composite resin), after 7 days and 3 months of water storage. The evaluation was performed along the cement line in the cervical, medium and occlusal thirds on the buccal and lingual aspects, and on the occlusal surface. Material and Methods: Thirty molars were distributed in three groups (N=10) according to the type of coronal substrate: Group D- the prepared surfaces were kept in dentin; Groups M (metal) and R (resin)- the crowns were sectioned at the level of the cementoenamel junction and restored with metallic cast posts or resin build-up cores, respectively. The crowns were fabricated in ceramic IPS e.max® Press (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) and luted with Variolink II. After 7 days of water storage, 5 specimens of each group were sectioned in buccolingual direction for microhardness measurements. The other specimens (N=5) were kept stored in deionized water at 37ºC for three months, followed by sectioning and microhardness measurements. Results: Data were first analyzed by three-way ANOVA that did not reveal significant differences between thirds and occlusal surface (p=0.231). Two-way ANOVA showed significant effect of substrates (p<0.001) and the Tukey test revealed that microhardness was significantly lower when crowns were cemented on resin cores and tested after 7 days of water storage (p=0.007). Conclusion: The type of material employed for coronal reconstruction of preparations ...


Assuntos
Humanos , Coroas , Cimentação/métodos , Cerâmica/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Água/química , Análise de Variância , Testes de Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Ilustração Médica , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Dent Mater ; 30(7): 735-41, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24815823

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of the combined use of chlorhexidine and ethanol on the durability of resin-dentin bonds. METHODS: Forty-eight flat dentin surfaces were etched (32% phosphoric acid), rinsed (15 s) and kept wet until bonding procedures. Dentin surfaces were blot-dried with absorbent paper and re-wetted with water (water, control), 1% chlorhexidine diacetate in water (CHD/water), 100% ethanol (ethanol), or 1% chlorhexidine diacetate in ethanol (CHD/ethanol) solutions for 30 s. They were then bonded with All Bond 3 (AB3, Bisco) or Excite (EX, Ivoclar-Vivadent) using a smooth, continuous rubbing application (10 s), followed by 15 s gentle air stream to evaporate solvents. The adhesives were light-cured (20 s) and resin composite build-ups constructed for the microtensile method. Bonded beams were obtained and tested after 24-h, 6-months and 15-months of water storage at 37°C. Storage water was changed every month. Effects of treatment and testing periods were analyzed (ANOVA, Holm-Sidak, p<0.05) for each adhesive. RESULTS: There were no interactions between factors for both etch-and-rinse adhesives. AB3 was significantly affected only by storage (p=0.003). Excite was significantly affected only by treatments (p=0.048). AB3 treated either with ethanol or CHD/ethanol resulted in reduced bond strengths after 15 months. The use of CHD/ethanol resulted in higher bond strengths values for Excite. CONCLUSIONS: Combined use of ethanol/1% chlorhexidine diacetate did not stabilize bond strengths after 15 months.


Assuntos
Clorexidina/química , Colagem Dentária , Dentina/química , Etanol/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Resistência à Tração
18.
J Prosthet Dent ; 110(1): 56-60, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23849614

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Resin cements are widely used to cement intraradicular posts, but bond strength is significantly influenced by the technique and material used for cementation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bond strength of 3 self-adhesive cements used to cement intraradicular glass fiber posts. The cements all required different application and handling techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-five human maxillary canines were selected and randomly divided into 3 groups n= 15 by drawing lots: Group BIS - Biscem, Group BRE - Breeze, and Group MAX - Maxcem. Each group was divided into 3 subgroups according to application and handling techniques: Sub-group A - Automix/Point tip applicator, Sub-group L - Handmix/Lentulo, and Sub-group C - Handmix/Centrix. Cementation of the posts was performed according to the manufacturers' instructions. The push-out test was performed with a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min, and bond strength was expressed in megapascals. The results were evaluated by 2-way ANOVA and the all pairwise multiple comparison procedures (Tukey test) (α=.05). RESULTS: Breeze cement showed the highest average for the subgroups A, L, and C when compared to the Biscem cement and Maxcem Elite (P<.05). Statistically significant differences among the subgroups were only observed for Biscem. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that application and handling techniques may influence the bond strength of different self-adhesive cements when used for intraradicular post cementation.


Assuntos
Cimentação/métodos , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular/instrumentação , Cimentos de Resina/química , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Adesividade , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/química , Cimentação/instrumentação , Resinas Compostas/química , Colagem Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário/instrumentação , Vidro/química , Humanos , Metacrilatos/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/química , Poliuretanos/química , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície
19.
Tex Dent J ; 130(4): 321-32, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23767161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify the methods that dentists in The Dental Practice-based Research Network (DPBRN) use to diagnose dental caries; (2) quantify their frequency of use, and (3) test the hypothesis that certain dentist and dental practice characteristics are significantly associated with their use. METHODS: A questionnaire about methods used for caries diagnosis was sent to DPBRN dentists who reported doing some restorative dentistry; 522 dentists participated. Questions included the use of dental radiographs, the dental explorer, laser fluorescence, air-drying and fiber-optic devices and magnification as used when diagnosing primary, secondary/recurrent or non-specific caries lesions. Variations on the frequency of their use were tested using multivariate analysis and Bonferroni tests. RESULTS: Overall, the dental explorer was the instrument most commonly used to detect primary occlusal caries and caries at the margins of existing restorations. In contrast, laser fluorescence was rarely used to help diagnose occlusal primary caries. For proximal caries, radiographs were used to help diagnose 75%-100% of lesions by 96% of the DPBRN dentists. Dentists who use radiographs most often to assess proximal surfaces of posterior teeth were significantly more likely to also report providing a higher percentage of patients with individualized caries prevention (p = .040) and seeing a higher percentage of pediatric patients (p = .001). CONCLUSION: The use of specific diagnostic methods varied substantially. The dental explorer and radiographs are still the most commonly used diagnostic methods.

20.
Am J Dent ; 26(1): 44-50, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23724549

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the microtensile bond strengths (microTBS) of six 1-step and one 2-step self-etch systems to dentin and ground enamel. METHODS: Resin composite buildups were bonded to buccal and lingual ground enamel surfaces, and to occlusal dentin of third molars using the following 1-step adhesives: Xeno IV (XE), GBond (GB), Clearfil S3 Bond (CS3); Adper Prompt L-Pop (AD); Go (GO) and All Bond SE (1-step; ABSE), in comparison to the 2-steps (All Bond SE; (2-step ABSE) and Clearfil SE Bond (CSE). After storage in water (24 hour/37 degrees C), the bonded specimens were sectioned into beams approximately 0.9 mm2. These beams were tested until failure at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/minute. Data were subjected to appropriate statistical analysis (alpha = 0.05). RESULTS: The total number of specimens/premature debonding specimens (PDS) for each adhesive were, respectively, in enamel: XE (59/36), GB (63/33), CS3 (62/29), AD (47/19), GO (53/14), 1-step ABSE (61/29), 2-step ABSE (57/14) and CSE (58/13); and in dentin: XE (51/24), GB (50/7), CS3 (53/13), ADP (51/1), GO (43/8), 1-step ABSE (59/2), 1-step ABSE (56/0) and CSE (47/0). The fracture pattern was predominantly adhesive/mixture for all adhesives in dentin (51.5 to 99%) and in enamel (34.8 to 75.4%), however XE (61.2) and GB (52.5) had more than 50% PDS. For ground enamel, no significant difference was detected among materials in the same subgroup (with or without PDS). However, there was a significant difference for all adhesives when subgroups (with and without PDS, respectively) were tested against each other: XE (7.9/10.5 double dagger 19.7/5.5), GB (8.6/10.5 double dagger 17.2/7.4), CS3 (8.8/10.3 double dagger 15.7/5.6), AD (13.0/12.0 = 20.3/8.9), Go (18.2/13.8 = 25.1/10.0), 1-step ABSE (15.9/11.4 = 16.2/5.4), 2-step ABSE (8.4/9.1 double dagger 25.3/7.9) and CSE (17.6/16.3 = 19.9/7.8). For dentin, no difference was found when subgroups for the same adhesive were tested against each other (with or without PDS). However, significantly higher resin-dentin bond strength was observed for adhesives in the following order: CSE (38.5/6.5 = 38.5/6.5) > or = 2-step ABSE (41.4/16.3 double dagger 42.4/19.3) = 1-step ABSE (43.9/17.7 = 44.2/17.1) = AD (34.4/14.2 = 35.2/13.3) < or = CS3 (31.9/19.4 = 40.1/13.4) double dagger GB (14.3/6.3 = 16.3/5.9) = Go (14.2/13.9 = 22.4/12.6) double dagger XE (7.1/5.4 = 9.5/5.1), respectively for with PDS and without PDS. All materials showed similar performance on ground enamel. The performance of one-step self-etch systems to dentin appears to be material-dependent. Adper Prompt L-Pop, Clearfil S3 Bond and the 1-step All Bond SE had microTBS similar to Clearfil SE Bond and the 2-step All Bond SE, while Xeno IV and GBond had significantly lower microTBS values. Go had an intermediate performance.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos Dentários/química , Esmalte Dentário/ultraestrutura , Dentina/ultraestrutura , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente/métodos , Adesividade , Resinas Compostas/química , Materiais Dentários/química , Análise do Estresse Dentário/instrumentação , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura , Resistência à Tração , Fatores de Tempo , Água/química
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