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1.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 28(3): 395-402, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411314

RESUMO

Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii. In cetaceans, T. gondii infection is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Despite the worldwide range and broad cetacean host record of T. gondii infection, there is limited information on toxoplasmosis in cetaceans from the Southern hemisphere. We investigated the occurrence of T. gondii by histopathology and immunohistochemistry in tissue samples of 185 animals comprising 20 different cetacean species from Brazil. Three out of 185 (1.6%) animals presented T. gondii-associated lesions: a captive killer whale Orcinus orca, a free-ranging common bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus and a free-ranging Guiana dolphin Sotalia guianensis. The main lesions observed in these animals were necrotizing hepatitis, adrenalitis and lymphadenitis associated with protozoal cysts or extracellular tachyzoites presenting immunolabeling with anti-T. gondii antibodies. This study widens the spectrum of species and the geographic range of this agent in Brazil, and provides the first reports of T. gondii infection in a captive killer whale and in a free-ranging common bottlenose dolphin in South America.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/sangue , Cetáceos/parasitologia , Toxoplasma/imunologia , Toxoplasmose Animal/epidemiologia , Animais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cetáceos/classificação , Imuno-Histoquímica , Toxoplasmose Animal/diagnóstico , Toxoplasmose Animal/patologia
2.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(suppl 3): e20190325, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460594

RESUMO

The West Indian (Trichechus manatus) and Amazonian (T. inunguis) manatees have a sympatric occurrence at the mouth of the Amazon River. A result of this interspecific encounter is the occurrence of hybrids, which are frequently found along the coasts of Amapá state in Brazil, French Guiana and Guyana. Here we present new genetic evidence indicating the occurrence of a hybrid swarm along the Guianas Shield coastline, which is an interspecific hybrid zone that also separates T. manatus populations located east (Brazil) and west (Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, Florida and Antilles). In addition, we suggest that this hybrid population occupies a peculiar mangrove-rich environment under strong influence of the Amazon River plume, which requires an independent management and should be considered a special conservation area.


Assuntos
Variação Genética/genética , Hibridização Genética , Especificidade da Espécie , Trichechus inunguis/genética , Trichechus manatus/genética , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , Brasil , Região do Caribe , Guiana , Filogenia , Dinâmica Populacional , Rios , Trichechus inunguis/fisiologia , Trichechus manatus/fisiologia
3.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 28(3): 395-402, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1042518

RESUMO

Abstract Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii. In cetaceans, T. gondii infection is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Despite the worldwide range and broad cetacean host record of T. gondii infection, there is limited information on toxoplasmosis in cetaceans from the Southern hemisphere. We investigated the occurrence of T. gondii by histopathology and immunohistochemistry in tissue samples of 185 animals comprising 20 different cetacean species from Brazil. Three out of 185 (1.6%) animals presented T. gondii-associated lesions: a captive killer whale Orcinus orca, a free-ranging common bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus and a free-ranging Guiana dolphin Sotalia guianensis. The main lesions observed in these animals were necrotizing hepatitis, adrenalitis and lymphadenitis associated with protozoal cysts or extracellular tachyzoites presenting immunolabeling with anti-T. gondii antibodies. This study widens the spectrum of species and the geographic range of this agent in Brazil, and provides the first reports of T. gondii infection in a captive killer whale and in a free-ranging common bottlenose dolphin in South America.


Resumo Toxoplasmose é uma doença parasitária causada pelo protozoário Toxoplasma gondii. A infecção por T. gondii é uma causa significativa de morbidade e mortalidade, nos cetáceos. Apesar da abrangência mundial e amplo registro de espécies de cetáceos infectadas por T. gondii, informações sobre toxoplasmose em cetáceos do hemisfério sul são limitadas. Neste estudo pesquisou-se por meio de histopatologia e imuno-histoquímica a ocorrência de T. gondii em amostras de tecido de 185 animais, compreendendo 20 diferentes espécies de cetáceos que ocorrem no Brasil. Três dos 185 (1,6%) animais apresentaram lesões associadas a T. gondii: uma orca Orcinus orca mantida em cativeiro, um golfinho-nariz-de-garrafa Tursiops truncatus e um boto-cinza Sotalia guianensis de vida livre. As principais lesões observadas nesses animais foram hepatite, adrenalite e linfadenite necrotizantes associadas a cistos protozoários ou taquizoítos extracelulares, marcados com anticorpos anti-T. gondii. O presente estudo amplia o espectro de espécies susceptíveis a esse agente e o seu alcance geográfico no Brasil, fornecendo o primeiro relato da infecção por T. gondii em uma orca mantida em cativeiro e em um golfinho-nariz-de-garrafa de vida livre na América do Sul.

4.
PLoS One ; 13(5): e0194872, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29768405

RESUMO

This study describes the pathologic findings of 24 humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) found stranded along the Brazilian coast from 2004 to 2016. Eighteen (75%) animals evaluated were found stranded alive. From these, 13 died naturally on shore and five were euthanized. Six died at sea and were washed ashore. Of the 24, 19 (79.2%) were calves, four (16.7%) were juveniles, and one (4.2%) was an adult. The most probable cause of stranding and/or death (CSD) was determined in 23/24 (95.8%) individuals. In calves, CSD included neonatal respiratory distress (13/19; 68.4%), infectious disease (septicemia, omphaloarteritis and urachocystitis; 3/19; 15.8%), trauma of unknown origin (2/19; 10.5%), and vehicular trauma (vessel strike; 1/19; 5.3%). In juveniles and adult individuals, CSD was: emaciation (2/5; 40%), sunlight-thermal burn shock (1/5; 20%); and discospondylitis (1/5; 20%). In one juvenile, the CSD was undetermined (1/5; 20%). This study integrates novel findings and published case reports to delineate the pathology of a South-western Atlantic population of humpback whales. This foundation will aid in the assessment of the population health and establish a baseline for development of conservation policies.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas/veterinária , Causas de Morte , Doenças Transmissíveis/veterinária , Jubarte/anormalidades , Insuficiência Respiratória/veterinária , Animais , Doenças Ósseas/mortalidade , Doenças Ósseas/patologia , Brasil , Doenças Transmissíveis/mortalidade , Doenças Transmissíveis/patologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/mortalidade , Insuficiência Respiratória/patologia
5.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 126(1): 25-31, 2017 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28930082

RESUMO

Cryptosporidium and Giardia are protozoans that can infect humans and wild and domestic animals. Due to the growing importance of diseases caused by protozoan parasites in aquatic species, we aimed to evaluate the frequency of infection by Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia sp. in aquatic and marine mammals in the northern and northeastern regions of Brazil. We collected 553 fecal samples from 15 species of wild-ranging and captive aquatic mammals in northern and northeastern Brazil. All samples were analyzed by the Kinyoun technique for identification of Cryptosporidium spp. oocysts. Giardia sp. cysts were identified by means of the centrifugal-flotation technique in zinc sulfate solution. Subsequently, all samples were submitted for direct immunofluorescence testing. The overall frequency of infection was 15.55% (86/553) for Cryptosporidium spp. and 9.04% (50/553) for Giardia sp. The presence of Cryptosporidium spp. was detected in samples from 5 species: neotropical river otter Lontra longicaudis (15.28%), giant otter Pteronura brasiliensis (41.66%), Guiana dolphin Sotalia guianensis (9.67%), Amazonian manatee Trichechus inunguis (16.03%), and Antillean manatee T. manatus (13.79%). Giardia sp. was identified in L. longicaudis (9.23%), P. brasiliensis (29.16%), pygmy sperm whale Kogia breviceps (100%), dwarf sperm whale K. sima (25%), S. guianensis (9.67%), T. inunguis (3.81%), and T. manatus (10.34%). This is the first report of Cryptosporidium spp. in L. longicaudis, P. brasiliensis, and S. guianensis, while the occurrence of Giardia sp., in addition to the 2 otter species, was also identified in manatees, thus extending the number of hosts susceptible to these parasitic agents.


Assuntos
Organismos Aquáticos , Criptosporidiose/parasitologia , Cryptosporidium/isolamento & purificação , Giardia/isolamento & purificação , Giardíase/veterinária , Mamíferos/parasitologia , Animais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criptosporidiose/epidemiologia , Giardíase/epidemiologia , Giardíase/parasitologia
6.
J Zoo Wildl Med ; 48(1): 217-219, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28363040

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to report the use of an oral combination of ivermectin plus praziquantel in the treatment of a Pulmonicola cochleotrema in an Antillean manatee ( Trichechus manatus manatus). A female manatee was found exhibiting respiratory changes and the presence of parasites in the nares. Based on clinical manifestations presented by the manatee, a symptomatic therapeutic protocol was employed, which included an anthelmintic treatment using a combination of ivermectin plus praziquantel. The parasites retrieved were identified as P. cochleotrema. The fourth day after the onset of the therapeutic protocol, the clinical signs declined and on the seventh day posttreatment no clinical signs were observed. This is the first time a therapeutic protocol of ivermectin plus praziquantel has been used in the treatment of P. cochleotrema in manatees.


Assuntos
Ivermectina/uso terapêutico , Praziquantel/uso terapêutico , Trematódeos/classificação , Infecções por Trematódeos/veterinária , Trichechus manatus , Animais , Anti-Helmínticos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Helmínticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Ivermectina/administração & dosagem , Praziquantel/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Trematódeos/tratamento farmacológico
7.
Ecohealth ; 13(2): 328-38, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26813966

RESUMO

This work aimed at evaluating the antifungal susceptibility and production of virulence factors by Candida spp. isolated from sirenians in Brazil. The isolates (n = 105) were recovered from the natural cavities of Amazonian and West Indian manatees and were tested for the susceptibility to amphotericin B, itraconazole, and fluconazole and for the production of phospholipases, proteases, and biofilm. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for amphotericin B ranged from 0.03 to 1 µg/mL, and no resistant isolates were detected. Itraconazole and fluconazole MICs ranged from 0.03 to 16 µg/mL and from 0.125 to 64 µg/mL, respectively, and 35.2% (37/105) of the isolates were resistant to at least one of these azole drugs. Concerning the production of virulence factors, phospholipase activity was observed in 67.6% (71/105) of the isolates, while protease activity and biofilm production were detected in 50.5% (53/105) and 32.4% (34/105) of the isolates, respectively. Since the natural cavities of manatees are colonized by resistant and virulent strains of Candida spp., these animals can act as sources of resistance and virulence genes for the environment, conspecifics and other animal species, demonstrating the potential environmental impacts associated with their release back into their natural habitat.


Assuntos
Candida/patogenicidade , Trichechus manatus/parasitologia , Animais , Brasil , Saúde Ambiental , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Virulência
8.
Can J Microbiol ; 61(10): 763-9, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26308797

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to characterize the yeast microbiota of natural cavities of manatees kept in captivity in Brazil. Sterile swabs from the oral cavity, nostrils, genital opening, and rectum of 50 Trichechus inunguis and 26 Trichechus manatus were collected. The samples were plated on Sabouraud agar with chloramphenicol and incubated at 25 °C for 5 days. The yeasts isolated were phenotypically identified by biochemical and micromorphological tests. Overall, 141 strains were isolated, of which 112 were from T. inunguis (Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis sensu stricto, Candida orthopsilosis, Candida metapsilosis, Candida guilliermondii, Candida pelliculosa, Candida tropicalis, Candida glabrata, Candida famata, Candida krusei, Candida norvegensis, Candida ciferri, Trichosporon sp., Rhodotorula sp., Cryptococcus laurentii) and 29 were from T. manatus (C. albicans, C. tropicalis, C. famata, C. guilliermondii, C. krusei, Rhodotorula sp., Rhodotorula mucilaginosa, Rhodotorula minuta, Trichosporon sp.). This was the first systematic study to investigate the importance of yeasts as components of the microbiota of sirenians, demonstrating the presence of potentially pathogenic species, which highlights the importance of maintaining adequate artificial conditions for the health of captive manatees.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Trichechus/microbiologia , Animais , Brasil , Candida/isolamento & purificação , Candida/fisiologia , Cryptococcus/isolamento & purificação , Cryptococcus/fisiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Rhodotorula/isolamento & purificação , Rhodotorula/fisiologia , Trichechus inunguis/microbiologia , Trichechus manatus/microbiologia , Trichosporon/isolamento & purificação , Trichosporon/fisiologia
9.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 113(1): 69-73, 2015 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25667338

RESUMO

Phaeohyphomycoses are emerging and opportunistic diseases caused by dematiaceous fungi that infect many animal species. This paper describes a case of cutaneous phaeohyphomycosis in an Antillean manatee Trichechus manatus manatus caused by Bipolaris hawaiiensis. Blackish skin lesions were observed in an Antillean manatee calf held captive in Brazil. Direct examination of skin scraping from the affected areas revealed the presence of dematious hyphae. Culture of skin fragments led to the isolation and subsequent identification of B. hawaiiensis as the etiologic agent. Treatment with itraconazole for 14 d was effective. Infections by Bipolaris spp. are rare in animals, and this is the first report of B. hawaiiensis in veterinary medicine.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/microbiologia , Fungos Mitospóricos/isolamento & purificação , Feoifomicose/veterinária , Trichechus manatus/microbiologia , Animais , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/epidemiologia , Feminino , Itraconazol/uso terapêutico , Fungos Mitospóricos/classificação , Feoifomicose/tratamento farmacológico , Feoifomicose/epidemiologia , Feoifomicose/microbiologia
10.
Med Mycol ; 53(2): 145-52, 2015 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25550392

RESUMO

Candida tropicalis has been associated with invasive candidiasis, being the first or second most common non-Candida albicans Candida species isolated in humans with candidemia and candiduria, as well as being frequently isolated from healthy animals. This study aimed to characterize C. tropicalis isolates (n = 64) obtained from several animal species regarding antifungal susceptibility and production of virulence factors. The isolates were obtained from the microbiota of healthy animals (goats, n = 25; sheep, n = 6; psittacines, n = 14; rheas, n = 6; horses, n = 2; sirenians, n = 5; shrimp, n = 1), as well as from aquatic mammals found dead in the environment (cetaceans, n = 5). The isolates were subjected to in vitro susceptibility testing by broth microdilution according to the CLSI M27-A3 protocol against amphotericin B, caspofungin, itraconazole, and fluconazole. We also evaluated the virulence attributes, such as proteases and phospholipases, as well as biofilm formation. Resistance to itraconazole (n = 29) and fluconazole (n = 30) was detected among isolates from every source; resistance to both azoles was detected in 24 isolates, but none of them were resistant to amphotericin B and caspofungin. Protease production was detected in the majority of the isolates (n = 59), but phospholipase was produced by only a few of them (n = 6). The isolates showed different patterns in biofilm production, being considered strong producers (n = 41), moderate producers (n = 11), weak producers (n = 9) or non-producers (n = 3). In summary, C. tropicalis isolated from animals showed high rate of resistance to azoles, expressed virulence factors and therefore may represent a potential threat to human and animal health.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Azóis/farmacologia , Candida tropicalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida tropicalis/enzimologia , Farmacorresistência Fúngica , Enzimas/análise , Fatores de Virulência/análise , Animais , Animais Domésticos , Animais Selvagens , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Candida tropicalis/isolamento & purificação , Candida tropicalis/fisiologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
11.
Anat Rec (Hoboken) ; 297(5): 939-48, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24449600

RESUMO

The morphology and location of lymph nodes from seven species of Odontocetes, of both sexes and different age groups, were described. All animals were derived from stranding events along the North and Northeastern coasts of Brazil. After the identification of lymph nodes in situ, tissue samples were analyzed for light and electron microscopy. Vascular volume density (VVD) and vascular length density (VLD) were evaluated in the mesenteric lymph nodes. Lymph nodes occurred as solitary nodules or in groups, varying in shape and size. In addition to using the nomenclature recommended by Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria, new nomenclatures were suggested based on the lymph nodes topography. Lymph nodes were covered by a highly vascularized and innervated capsule of dense connective tissue, below which muscle fibers were observed, inconsistently, in all studied species. There was no difference in VLD among different age groups. However, VVD was higher in adults. Lymph nodes parenchyma was divided into an outer cortex, containing lymph nodules and germinal centers; a paracortical region, transition zone with dense lymphoid tissue; and an inner medulla, composed of small irregular cords of lymphatic tissue, blood vessels, and diffuse lymphoid tissue. Abundant collagen fibers were observed around arteries and arterioles. Germinal centers were more evident and developed in calves and young animals, being more discrete and sparse in adults. The morphology of lymph nodes in Odontocetes was typical of that observed in other terrestrial mammals. However, new groups of lymph nodes were described for seven species occurring in the Brazilian coast.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/anatomia & histologia , Tecido Linfoide/anatomia & histologia , Animais , Brasil , Cetáceos , Feminino , Masculino
12.
Vet Parasitol ; 173(1-2): 116-22, 2010 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20638793

RESUMO

This study represents the first survey of the parasitic fauna of cetaceans off the northeastern coast of Brazil. Parasites were collected from 82 animals rescued from the states of Ceará to Bahia, including the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha. A total of 14 species of cetaceans were evaluated: Sotalia guianensis, Stenella sp., Stenella clymene, Stenella longirostris, Stenella coeruleoalba, Stenella frontalis, Megaptera novaeangliae, Peponocephala electra, Steno bredanensis, Kogia breviceps, Kogia sima, Globicephala macrorhynchus, Tursiops truncatus, Physeter macrocephalus and Lagenodelphis hosei. The parasites were fixed and preserved in 70% ethanol or alcohol-formalin-acetic acid solution (AFA), clarified in phenol and mounted on slides for morphological identification. In total, 11 species and 8 genera of endo- and ectoparasites were identified: Halocercus brasiliensis, Halocercus kleinenbergi, Stenurus globicephalae, Halocercus sp., Anisakis sp., Crassicauda sp. (Nematoda), Phyllobothrium delphini, Monorygma grimaldii, Scolex pleuronectis, Strobicephalus triangularis, Tetrabothrius forsteri, Tetrabothrius sp., Trigonocotyle sp., Diphyllobothrium sp. (Cestoda), Campula sp. (Trematoda), Bolbosoma sp. (Acanthocephala), Cyamus boopis, Syncyamus pseudorcae and Xenobalanus globicipitis (Crustacea). The identification of some species represented novel records for the country and increased the occurrence of some parasites to new hosts. The use of standardized methodologies for collecting and evaluating a larger number of animals is essential for a better understanding of host-parasite relationships in cetaceans and their use as biological indicators in the region.


Assuntos
Cetáceos , Ectoparasitoses/veterinária , Helmintíase Animal/epidemiologia , Animais , Oceano Atlântico/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cestoides , Crustáceos , Ectoparasitoses/epidemiologia , Ectoparasitoses/parasitologia , Feminino , Helmintíase Animal/parasitologia , Masculino , Nematoides , Trematódeos
13.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 46(3): 188-198, 2009. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-536856

RESUMO

O trabalho objetivou avaliar o efeito da substituição da proteína da clara de ovo por proteína de soja crua na dieta de ratos em crescimento sobre o ganho de peso, consumo de ração, eficiência alimentar e parâmetros séricos (proteínas totais, albumina, aminotransferases, uréia, creatinina e amilase pancreática), visando estabelecer limites biologicamente seguros para inclusão de soja crua na dieta dos animais por períodos de curta duração. Foram utilizados 24 ratos divididos aleatoriamente em seis grupos de quatro animais e alimentados com dietas contendo cinco percentuais de substituição de proteína da clara de ovo por proteína de soja (0, 25, 50, 75 e 100%) e um grupo com dieta aprotéica. Os animais foram mantidos por 10 dias com fornecimento de água e alimento ad libitum. Os resultados obtidos revelaram que não houve diferença significativa no consumo entre os tratamentos testados. O ganho de peso e a eficiência alimentar observados no tratamento com 25% de substituição foram equivalentes aos obtidos com clara do ovo como única fonte de proteína. Albumina sérica, aminotransferases e creatinina não foram afetadas pelo aumento do percentual de soja crua, mas houve aumento da concentração de uréia no soro a partir de 50% de substituição. Proteínas totais e amilase pancreática sérica foram afetadas pela proteína da soja crua somente acima de 75% de substituição. Análises de regressão demonstraram que a substituição da proteína da clara de ovo por proteína de soja crua em até 30% foi inócua para o desempenho e parâmetros séricos de ratos em crescimento.


This work aimed to evaluate the replacement of egg white protein for raw soybean protein in diets for weaned rats on feed intake, body weight gain, feed efficiency and serum parameters (total protein,albumin, aminotransferases, urea, creatinine and pancreatic amylase). Twenty four weaned rats were randomly assigned to six groups of four animals which were fed diets containing five percentages of soybean protein (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%), plus a non-proteic diet group. Animals were kept for 10 days with food and water ad libitum. Results showed that feed intake did not differ significantly among treatments tested. Body weight gain and feed efficiency of rats treated with 25% substitution diets did not differ from the control group. Serum albumin, aminotransferases and creatinine were not affected by increased amounts of soybean in rations, whilst serum urea was affected by inclusion of soybean in diets in values equal or above 50%. Total protein and pancreatic amylase were affected when soybean was present at 75% or more. Regression analysis showed that egg white protein replacement by soybean protein at up to 30% did not affect the tested traits of the growing rats.


Assuntos
Animais , Alimentos de Soja/análise , Valor Nutritivo , Proteínas do Ovo/análise , Ratos , Ração Animal/análise , Ganho de Peso
14.
Biota neotrop. (Online, Ed. port.) ; 8(2)Apr.-June 2008. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-489034

RESUMO

The gastric compartments of ten cetaceans stranded on the coast of Ceará State, Northeast Brazil were analyzed in this study. Gastric Anisakis spp. was diagnosed in all individuals involved in this study. Parasites and tissue samples were collected during necropsy. The presence of Anisakis parasites showed similar distribution across the three gastric compartments and the majority was free within the gastric lumen. Macroscopically, the lesions were predominantly characterized by the presence of ulcers (60 percent, 6/10) within the gastric mucosa, occasionally associated with edema and hemorrhage (30 percent, 3/10). Eight cetaceans (8/10 - 80 percent) presented gastric microscopic alterations and in 75 percent (6/8) of these animals, chronic lymphoplasmocytic gastritis was observed with varying degrees of distribution and severity. Additionally, eosinophilic and granulomatous inflammation with giant cells, hemosiderosis, fibrosis and areas of necrosis were associated with location of parasites within the gastric mucosa. In this study, it was shown that the majority of cetaceans with the presence of Anisakis parasites presented macro and microscopic gastric alterations. These nematodes are probably associated with the development of these alterations; however, more pathological approaches are still required.


Neste estudo, foram analisados os compartimentos gástricos de dez cetáceos encalhados na costa do Ceará, região nordeste do Brasil. Parasitos do gênero Anisakis foram diagnosticados em todos os indivíduos estudados. As amostras parasitárias e teciduais foram coletadas durante o procedimento de necropsia. A presença de Anisakis demonstrou distribuição similar nos três compartimentos gástricos, estando a maior parte dos parasitos livre na mucosa gástrica. Macroscopicamente, as lesões se caracterizaram principalmente pela presença de úlceras (60 por cento, 6/10) gástricas, associadas ocasionalmente a edema e hemorragia (30 por cento, 3/10). Oito cetáceos (8/10 - 80 por cento) apresentaram alterações gástricas microscópicas e em 75 por cento (6/8) destes animais, foi observada uma gastrite crônica linfoplasmocitária com vários graus de distribuição e severidade. Foram constatados ainda, focos de inflamação granulomatosa com a presença de eosinófilos, células gigantes e a formação de hemossiderose, fibrose e de necrose em torno dos parasitos. Neste estudo, a maioria dos cetáceos com a presença de parasitos do gênero Anisakis apresentaram alterações gástricas macro e microscópicas. Estes nematóides estão provavelmente associados ao desenvolvimento destas alterações, entretanto, mais estudos são ainda necessários.


Assuntos
Anisakis/patogenicidade , Cetáceos/lesões , Mamíferos , Nematoides/parasitologia , Nematoides/patogenicidade , Doenças Parasitárias , Parasitos/patogenicidade
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