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1.
Ann Hepatol ; 22: 100341, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737252

RESUMO

In 2015 the European Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (EASL) and the Asociación Latinoamericana para el Estudio del Hígado (ALEH) published a guideline for the use of non-invasive markers of liver disease. At that time, this guideline focused on the available data regarding ultrasonic-related elastography methods. Since then, much has been published, including new data about XL probe use in transient elastography, magnetic resonance elastography, and non-invasive liver steatosis evaluation. In order to draw evidence-based guidance concerning the use of elastography for non-invasive assessment of fibrosis and steatosis in different chronic liver diseases, the Brazilian Society of Hepatology (SBH) and the Brazilian College of Radiology (CBR) sponsored a single-topic meeting on October 4th, 2019, at São Paulo, Brazil. The aim was to establish specific recommendations regarding the use of imaging-related non-invasive technology to diagnose liver fibrosis and steatosis based on the discussion of evidence-based topics by an organizing committee of experts. It was submitted online to all SBH and CBR members. The present document is the final version of the manuscript that supports the use of this new technology as an alternative to liver biopsy.

2.
Arq Gastroenterol ; 57(1): 45-49, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32294735

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antivirals have revolutionized hepatitis C treatment, also for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but some controversy exists regarding the use of sofosbuvir (SOF) in patients with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <30 mL/min. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of these regimens for hepatitis C treatment of patients with CKD and after renal transplantation, as well as the impact of SOF on renal function in non-dialysis patients. METHODS: All patients with hepatitis C and CKD or renal transplant treated with direct-acting antivirals at a referral center in Brazil between January 2016 and August 2017 were included. Efficacy was evaluated based on viral load (HCV RNA) and a sustained virological response (SVR) consisting of undetectable RNA 12 and/or 24 weeks after the end of treatment (SVR12 and SVR24) was defined as cure. Safety was determined by adverse events and ribavirin, when combined, was administered in escalating doses to all patients with GFR <60 mL/min. The impact of SOF on renal function was determined by the measurement of baseline creatinine during and after the end of treatment and its increase was evaluated using the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) classification. RESULTS: A total of 241 patients (52.7% females) with a mean age of 60.72±10.47 years were included. The combination of SOF+daclatasvir was the predominant regimen in 75.6% of cases and anemia was present in 28% of patients who used ribavirin (P=0.04). The SVR12 and SVR24 rates were 99.3% and 97.1%, respectively. The treatment was well tolerated and there were no major clinically relevant adverse events, with the most prevalent being asthenia (57.7%), itching (41.1%), headache (40.7%), and irritability (40.2%). Among conservatively treated and renal transplant patients, oscillations of creatinine levels (AKIN I) were observed in 12.5% of cases during treatment and persisted in only 8.5% after the end of treatment. Of these, 2.0% had an initial GFR <30 mL/min and this percentage decreased to 1.1% after SOF use. Only 0.5% and 1.6% of the patients progressed to AKIN II and AKIN III elevation, respectively. CONCLUSION: The direct-acting antivirals were safe and efficacious in CKD patients treated with SOF-containing regimens, with the observation of high SVR rates, good tolerability and few severe adverse events. The combination with ribavirin increased the risk of anemia and the administration of escalating doses seems to be useful in patients with GFR <60 mL/min. In patients with GFR <30 mL/min, SOF had no significant renal impact, with serum creatinine returning to levels close to baseline after treatment.


Assuntos
Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Genótipo , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Imidazóis/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Ribavirina/administração & dosagem , Simeprevir/administração & dosagem , Sofosbuvir/administração & dosagem , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Viral
3.
Transplant Proc ; 52(1): 89-96, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: After renal transplantation (RTx) hepatitis C virus (HCV) is associated with higher morbidity and mortality resulting in lower patient and graft survival. Few studies have investigated the evolution of renal transplant patients with cirrhosis owing to HCV. The objectives were to evaluate the post-transplant evolution of cirrhotic patients and to compare them with noncirrhotic patients considering the outcomes, including hepatic decompensation, graft loss, and death. METHODS: The retrospective-cohort study analyzed the data of patients undergoing RTx between 1993 and 2014, positive anti-HCV, HCV-RNA before RTx, and availability of data for assessment of cirrhosis. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory variables were compared between the groups according to the outcomes. The same were made between cirrhotic patients with and without portal hypertension (PH). Survival curves were constructed by the Kaplan-Meier test and compared by the log-rank test. Variables associated with the outcomes were analyzed using Cox regression. RESULTS: This study included noncirrhotic (n = 201) and cirrhotic patients (n = 23). In cirrhotic patients, they were significantly older (49 vs 41.6 years) and mostly male (87% vs 65%), with a greater number of previous RTx (48% vs 18%), less frequent use of azathioprine (26% vs 54%), cyclosporine (13% vs 46.5%), more frequent use of tacrolimus (87% vs 55%), lower count of platelets × 1000 cells/mm3(110 vs 187), and higher pre-RTx international normalized ratio (1.20 vs 1.1).The Kaplan-Meier survival differed in cirrhotic vs noncirrhotic patients only in hepatic decompensation. Cox regression analysis identified pretransplant cirrhosis (hazard ratio 6.64, 95% confidence interval, 2.59-17.06) and tacrolimus (hazard ratio 3.17,95% confidence interval, 1.05-9.58) as variables independently associated with decompensation. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with HCV and cirrhosis exhibit higher morbidity when submitted to RTx than noncirrhotic patients, with a higher risk of hepatic decompensation. However, no difference was observed in liver-related mortality, suggesting that RTx is a feasible option in cirrhotic patients without decompensation, even if they have PH.


Assuntos
Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim/mortalidade , Cirrose Hepática/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Hepatite C/complicações , Hepatite C/virologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Cirrose Hepática/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 45-49, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098060

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antivirals have revolutionized hepatitis C treatment, also for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but some controversy exists regarding the use of sofosbuvir (SOF) in patients with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <30 mL/min. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of these regimens for hepatitis C treatment of patients with CKD and after renal transplantation, as well as the impact of SOF on renal function in non-dialysis patients. METHODS: All patients with hepatitis C and CKD or renal transplant treated with direct-acting antivirals at a referral center in Brazil between January 2016 and August 2017 were included. Efficacy was evaluated based on viral load (HCV RNA) and a sustained virological response (SVR) consisting of undetectable RNA 12 and/or 24 weeks after the end of treatment (SVR12 and SVR24) was defined as cure. Safety was determined by adverse events and ribavirin, when combined, was administered in escalating doses to all patients with GFR <60 mL/min. The impact of SOF on renal function was determined by the measurement of baseline creatinine during and after the end of treatment and its increase was evaluated using the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) classification. RESULTS: A total of 241 patients (52.7% females) with a mean age of 60.72±10.47 years were included. The combination of SOF+daclatasvir was the predominant regimen in 75.6% of cases and anemia was present in 28% of patients who used ribavirin (P=0.04). The SVR12 and SVR24 rates were 99.3% and 97.1%, respectively. The treatment was well tolerated and there were no major clinically relevant adverse events, with the most prevalent being asthenia (57.7%), itching (41.1%), headache (40.7%), and irritability (40.2%). Among conservatively treated and renal transplant patients, oscillations of creatinine levels (AKIN I) were observed in 12.5% of cases during treatment and persisted in only 8.5% after the end of treatment. Of these, 2.0% had an initial GFR <30 mL/min and this percentage decreased to 1.1% after SOF use. Only 0.5% and 1.6% of the patients progressed to AKIN II and AKIN III elevation, respectively. CONCLUSION: The direct-acting antivirals were safe and efficacious in CKD patients treated with SOF-containing regimens, with the observation of high SVR rates, good tolerability and few severe adverse events. The combination with ribavirin increased the risk of anemia and the administration of escalating doses seems to be useful in patients with GFR <60 mL/min. In patients with GFR <30 mL/min, SOF had no significant renal impact, with serum creatinine returning to levels close to baseline after treatment.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Os antivirais de ação direta revolucionaram o tratamento da hepatite C, inclusive para os pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC), porém ainda há divergências no emprego do sofosbuvir (SOF) quando taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) <30 mL/min. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a eficácia e segurança desses esquemas no tratamento da hepatite C em pacientes com DRC e pós-transplante renal, além de avaliar o impacto do SOF sobre a função renal dos não-dialíticos. MÉTODOS: Todos os pacientes com hepatite C e DRC ou transplante renal que realizaram tratamento com antivirais de ação direta em centro referenciado do Brasil no período de janeiro/2016 a agosto/2017 foram incluídos. A eficácia foi avaliada por meio da carga viral (HCV-RNA), considerando-se cura uma resposta virológica sustentada (RVS) com resultado indetectável após 12 e/ou 24 semanas do término do tratamento (RVS12 e RVS24). A segurança foi determinada pelos eventos adversos e a ribavirina, quando associada, foi introduzida de forma escalonada em todos os pacientes com TFG <60 mL/min. Para determinação do impacto do SOF sobre a função renal, foram observadas as dosagens de creatinina basal, durante e após término do tratamento com seu incremento avaliado por meio da classificação de AKIN (acute kidney injury network). RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 241 pacientes, sendo 52,7% do sexo feminino, com média de idade de 60,72±10,47 anos. A associação de SOF+daclatasvir predominou em 75,6% dos casos e anemia esteve presente em 28% dos pacientes que utilizaram ribavirina (P=0,040). As taxas de RVS12 e RVS24 foram de 99,3% e 97,1%. O tratamento foi bem tolerado, com eventos adversos pouco relevantes, sendo os mais prevalentes: astenia (57,7%), prurido (41,1%), cefaleia (40,7%) e irritabilidade (40,2%). Entre os pacientes em tratamento conservador e transplantados renais, os valores de creatinina sofreram oscilações AKIN I em 12,5% dos casos, durante o tratamento, persistindo em apenas 8,5% da amostra após o término, dos quais 2,0% apresentavam TFG <30 mL/min inicialmente, com queda para 1,1% após uso do SOF. Apenas 0,5% e 1,6% evoluíram com elevação AKIN II e AKIN III. CONCLUSÃO: Os antivirais de ação direta foram seguros e eficazes em pacientes com DRC tratados com esquemas contendo SOF, apresentando altas taxas de RVS, boa tolerabilidade e poucos eventos adversos graves. A associação com ribavirina aumentou o risco de anemia, portanto sua introdução de forma escalonada parece ser útil nos pacientes com TFG <60 mL/min. Em pacientes com TFG <30 mL/min o SOF não apresentou impacto renal significativo, com creatinina sérica retornando a valores próximos ao basal após o tratamento.

5.
Arq Gastroenterol ; 56(2): 232-241, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460591

RESUMO

New data concerning the management of autoimmune liver diseases have emerged since the last single-topic meeting sponsored by the Brazilian Society of Hepatology to draw recommendations about the diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), overlap syndromes of AIH, PBC and PSC and specific complications and topics concerning AIH and cholestatic liver diseases. This manuscript updates those previous recommendations according to the best evidence available in the literature up to now. The same panel of experts that took part in the first consensus document reviewed all recommendations, which were subsequently scrutinized by all members of the Brazilian Society of Hepatology using a web-based approach. The new recommendations are presented herein.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Doenças Autoimunes/terapia , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico , Hepatopatias/terapia , Colangite Esclerosante/diagnóstico , Colangite Esclerosante/terapia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Hepatite Autoimune/diagnóstico , Hepatite Autoimune/terapia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/terapia , Sociedades Médicas
6.
Arq Gastroenterol ; 55(3): 314-320, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30540097

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury is a common complication of cirrhosis, occurring in up to 20% of patients hospitalized with cirrhosis. This field is rapidly changing, with significant advances in classification, biomarkers and therapy over the last few years. On the behalf of the Brazilian Society of Hepatology, a panel of experts in Hepatology and Nephrology reviewed published evidence to integrate findings and develop the recommendations presented in this manuscript.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Síndrome Hepatorrenal/terapia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Lesão Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Brasil , Creatinina/sangue , Gerenciamento Clínico , Síndrome Hepatorrenal/diagnóstico , Humanos
7.
Infect Drug Resist ; 11: 1993-2000, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30464541

RESUMO

Background: Direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) permit the use of interferon (IFN)-free regimens to treat hepatitis C (HCV) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on hemo-dialysis (HD) or renal transplant (RTx) recipients, with excellent response rates and safety. However, the occurrence of basal or therapy-induced resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) to DAAs can result in treatment failure. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of RASs to NS3A, NS5A and NS5B inhibitors, and particularly the Q80K polymorphism, in CKD patients on HD and RTx recipients infected with HCV. Patients and methods: HD and RTx patients infected with HCV-genotype 1 (GT1) were subjected to sequencing of the NS3, NS5A and NS5B regions. Results: Direct sequencing of NS3 protease, NS5A and NS5B was performed in 76 patients (HD, n=37; RTx, n=39). The overall prevalence of RASs was 38.2%, but only 5.3% of the patients had mutations in more than one region. Substitutions were detected in NS3A (17.8%), NS5A (21.9%) and NS5B (8.4%). Q80K was detected in 1.5 % of the patients. Highly inhibitory RASs were uncommon (L31M, 2.6%; L159F+C316N, 2.6%). RASs were more prevalent in HCV-GT1a (42.9%) than in HCV-GT1b (32.4%), P=0.35. RASs were detected in 52.4% of treatment-naive patients and 27.8% of peg-IFN/ribavirin-experienced patients (P=0.12). The presence of RASs was associated with time of RTx (P=0.01). Conclusion: The Q80K polymorphism was uncommon in our sample of HD and RTx patients. Despite the high prevalence of naturally occurring RASs, most of the substitutions detected were associated with a low level of resistance to DAAs.

8.
Int J Artif Organs ; 41(3): 171-174, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29546807

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis B virus infection is an important cause of liver disease in hemodialysis patients and renal transplant recipients. Hepatitis Delta virus is a defective virus transmitted by the same route of hepatitis B virus, which requires the helper function of hepatitis B virus. Data about hepatitis B virus/hepatitis delta virus coinfection are scarce and there are no studies regarding the coinfection among hemodialysis patients and renal transplant in our country. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of hepatitis delta virus infection among hemodialysis patients and renal transplant recipients. METHODS: Cross-sectional study analyzing virological markers of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis delta virus infection and biochemical and clinical features of liver disease of patients infected with hepatitis B virus in hemodialysis and renal transplant. RESULTS: A total of 117 HBsAg-positive patients (46 hemodialysis and 71 renal transplant) were included. The mean age was 48.5 ± 11.8 years and 67% were males. Antiviral therapy was given to 74% of patients. Liver function tests were within the normal range. HBeAg-positive was found in 35% of patients and median hepatitis B virus DNA was 2.98 log (IU/mL). Cirrhosis was detected in 26.5% of patients. The prevalence of anti-hepatitis delta virus total antibody (+) was 1.7% (2/117). None of the 2 patients had active hepatitis delta virus infection, since all samples tested negative for hepatitis delta virus-RNA. CONCLUSION: The results suggest a low prevalence rate of coinfection B and D in hemodialysis and renal transplant recipients in this population.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B , Hepatite D , Vírus Delta da Hepatite/isolamento & purificação , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hepatite B/diagnóstico , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/análise , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite D/diagnóstico , Hepatite D/epidemiologia , Humanos , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Diálise Renal/métodos
9.
J Med Virol ; 90(3): 537-544, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29064576

RESUMO

New direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents are in development or already approved for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The effectiveness of these drugs is related to the previous existence of resistant variants. Certain clinical conditions can allow changes in immunological characteristics of the host and even modify genetic features of viral populations. The aim of this study was to perform HCV molecular characterization from samples of end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis (ESRD-HD). Nested PCR and Sanger sequencing were used to obtain genetic information from the NS5B partial region of a cohort composed by 86 treatment-naïve patients. Genomic sequences from the Los Alamos databank were employed for comparative analysis. Bioinformatics methodologies such as phylogenetic reconstructions, informational entropy, and mutation analysis were used to analyze datasets separated by geographical location, HCV genotype, and renal function status. ESRD-HD patients presented HCV genotypes 1a (n = 18), 1b (n = 16), 2a (n = 2), 2b (n = 2), and 3a (n = 4). Control subjects were infected with genotypes 1a (n = 11), 1b (n = 21), 2b (n = 4), and 3a (n = 8). Dataset phylogenetic reconstruction separated HCV subtype 1a into two distinct clades. The entropy analysis from the ESRD-HD group revealed two amino acid positions related to an epitope for cytotoxic T lymphocytes and T helper cells. Genotype 1a was found to be more diverse than subtype 1b. Also, genotype 1a ERSD-HD patients had a higher mean of amino acids changes in comparison to control group patients. The identification of specific mutations on epitopes and high genetic diversity within the NS5B HCV partial protein in hemodialysis patients can relate to host immunological features and geographical distribution patterns. This genetic diversity can affect directly the new DAA's resistance mechanisms.


Assuntos
Hepacivirus/genética , Falência Renal Crônica/virologia , Filogenia , Diálise Renal , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Biologia Computacional , Farmacorresistência Viral , Evolução Molecular , Variação Genética , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/classificação , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Mutação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/genética
10.
J MED VIROL, v. 9o, n. 3, p. 537-544, mar. 2018
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IBPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: bud-2417

RESUMO

New direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents are in development or already approved for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The effectiveness of these drugs is related to the previous existence of resistant variants. Certain clinical conditions can allow changes in immunological characteristics of the host and even modify genetic features of viral populations. The aim of this study was to perform HCV molecular characterization from samples of end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis (ESRD-HD). Nested PCR and Sanger sequencing were used to obtain genetic information from the NS5B partial region of a cohort composed by 86 treatment-naive patients. Genomic sequences from the Los Alamos databank were employed for comparative analysis. Bioinformatics methodologies such as phylogenetic reconstructions, informational entropy, and mutation analysis were used to analyze datasets separated by geographical location, HCV genotype, and renal function status. ESRD-HD patients presented HCV genotypes 1a (n=18), 1b (n=16), 2a (n=2), 2b (n=2), and 3a (n=4). Control subjects were infected with genotypes 1a (n=11), 1b (n=21), 2b (n=4), and 3a (n=8). Dataset phylogenetic reconstruction separated HCV subtype 1a into two distinct clades. The entropy analysis from the ESRD-HD group revealed two amino acid positions related to an epitope for cytotoxic T lymphocytes and T helper cells. Genotype 1a was found to be more diverse than subtype 1b. Also, genotype 1a ERSD-HD patients had a higher mean of amino acids changes in comparison to control group patients. The identification of specific mutations on epitopes and high genetic diversity within the NS5B HCV partial protein in hemodialysis patients can relate to host immunological features and geographical distribution patterns. This genetic diversity can affect directly the new DAA's resistance mechanisms.

11.
J MED VIROL ; 90(3): p. 537-544, 2018.
Artigo | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IBPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: but-ib14928

RESUMO

New direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents are in development or already approved for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The effectiveness of these drugs is related to the previous existence of resistant variants. Certain clinical conditions can allow changes in immunological characteristics of the host and even modify genetic features of viral populations. The aim of this study was to perform HCV molecular characterization from samples of end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis (ESRD-HD). Nested PCR and Sanger sequencing were used to obtain genetic information from the NS5B partial region of a cohort composed by 86 treatment-naive patients. Genomic sequences from the Los Alamos databank were employed for comparative analysis. Bioinformatics methodologies such as phylogenetic reconstructions, informational entropy, and mutation analysis were used to analyze datasets separated by geographical location, HCV genotype, and renal function status. ESRD-HD patients presented HCV genotypes 1a (n=18), 1b (n=16), 2a (n=2), 2b (n=2), and 3a (n=4). Control subjects were infected with genotypes 1a (n=11), 1b (n=21), 2b (n=4), and 3a (n=8). Dataset phylogenetic reconstruction separated HCV subtype 1a into two distinct clades. The entropy analysis from the ESRD-HD group revealed two amino acid positions related to an epitope for cytotoxic T lymphocytes and T helper cells. Genotype 1a was found to be more diverse than subtype 1b. Also, genotype 1a ERSD-HD patients had a higher mean of amino acids changes in comparison to control group patients. The identification of specific mutations on epitopes and high genetic diversity within the NS5B HCV partial protein in hemodialysis patients can relate to host immunological features and geographical distribution patterns. This genetic diversity can affect directly the new DAA's resistance mechanisms.

12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 14(3): 122-128, jul. 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-2122

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate frequency and impact of adverse events, mainly the hematological and dermatological ones, on sustained virological response, and compliance to hepatitis C treatment. Methods: Patients were treated according to the guidelines of the Brazilian Ministry of Health. Variables associated with hematological and dermatological adverse events were: age, gender, stage of fibrosis, type of Pegylated interferon, dose reductions, temporary discontinuation and early interruption of treatment. Results: Two hundred and twenty two patients were studied (58% females; age 49±11 years). Dose reductions, temporary interruptions, and early discontinuations were observed in 21%, 8% and 9.5% of patients, respectively. The main adverse events were hematological (anemia, neutropenia and thrombocytopenia) and dermatological (pruritus and alopecia). Anemia (Hemoglobin <10g/dL) was associated with female gender (p<0.001), advanced fibrosis (p=0.047) and dose reductions (p<0.001); neutropenia with advanced fibrosis (p=0.003) and temporary discontinuation (p=0.002); thrombocytopenia with advanced fibrosis (p<0.001) and pegylated interferon α2a (p=0.05). Pruritus and alopecia were associated to female gender (p=0.008 and p=0.02) and treatment interruption (p=0.029 and p=0.02).Conclusion: Hematological and dermatological adverse events are frequent in hepatitis C patients treated with pegylated interferon and ribavirin. However, despite frequent dose reductions and interruptions, these adverse events did not affect the sustained virological response.


Objetivo: Avaliar a frequência e o impacto de eventos adversos, principalmente hematológicos e dermatológicos, na resposta virológica sustentada e na aderência ao tratamento para hepatite C. Métodos: Os pacientes foram tratados de acordo com diretriz do Ministério da Saúde. Variáveis associadas com eventos adversos hematológicos e dermatológicos foram: idade, sexo, grau de fibrose, tipo de interferon peguilado, reduções de dose, descontinuação temporária e interrupção precoce do tratamento. Resultados: Foram estudados 232 pacientes (58% mulheres; idade 49±11 anos). Reduções de dose, interrupções temporárias e descontinuações precoces foram observadas em 21%, 8% e 9,5% dos pacientes, respectivamente. Os principais eventos adversos foram hematológicos (anemia, neutropenia e plaquetopenia) e dermatológicos (prurido e alopecia). Anemia (hemoglobina <10g/dL) se associou a sexo feminino (p<0,001), fibrose avançada (p=0,047) e reduções de doses (p<0,001); neutropenia com fibrose avançada (p=0,003) e interrupção temporária (p=0,002); plaquetopenia com fibrose avançada (p<0,001) e interferon peguilado α2a (p=0,05). Prurido e alopecia se associaram ao sexo feminino (p=0,008 e p=0,02) e interrupção do tratamento (p=0,029 e p=0,02). Conclusão: Eventos adversos hematológicos e dermatológicos foram frequentes em pacientes tratados com interferon peguilado e ribavirina. Entretanto, a despeito de frequentes reduções de dose e interrupções, estes eventos adversos não afetaram a resposta virológica sustentada.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/terapia , Interferon-alfa/efeitos adversos , Ribavirina/efeitos adversos , Alopecia/induzido quimicamente , Combinação de Medicamentos , Interferon-alfa/uso terapêutico , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico
13.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 52(supl.1): 15-46, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-775579

RESUMO

ABSTRACT In order to draw evidence-based recommendations concerning the management of autoimmune diseases of the liver, the Brazilian Society of Hepatology has sponsored a single-topic meeting in October 18th, 2014 at São Paulo. An organizing committee comprised of seven investigators was previously elected by the Governing Board to organize the scientific agenda as well as to select twenty panelists to make a systematic review of the literature and to present topics related to the diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune hepatitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, primary biliary cirrhosis and their overlap syndromes. After the meeting, all panelists gathered together for the discussion of the topics and the elaboration of those recommendations. The text was subsequently submitted for suggestions and approval of all members of the Brazilian Society of Hepatology through its homepage. The present paper is the final version of the reviewed manuscript organized in topics, followed by the recommendations of the Brazilian Society of Hepatology.


RESUMO Para definir as recomendações baseadas em evidências científicas sobre o diagnóstico e tratamento das doenças autoimnus do fígado, a Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia organizou em Outubro de 2014, encontro monotemático em São Paulo. Um Comitê organizador de sete investigadores foi selecionado pela Diretoria da Sociedade para organizar a agenda científica, assim como para selecionar vinte debatedores para fazer uma revisão sistemática e apresentar tópicos relacionados à hepatite autoimune, colangite esclerosante primária, cirrose biliar primária e suas síndromes de superposição (overlap). O texto inicial do submetidoo a apreciação e aprovação da Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia através de consulta a todos associados através da home page da Sociedade, O trabalho apresentado representa a versão final do trabalho original, devidamente revisado e organizado em tópicos, segundo as recomendações da Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia.


Assuntos
Humanos , Colangite Esclerosante/diagnóstico , Colangite Esclerosante/terapia , Hepatite Autoimune/diagnóstico , Hepatite Autoimune/terapia , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/terapia , Brasil , Sociedades Médicas , Síndrome
14.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 48(5): 524-31, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26516960

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Since women are frequently the minority among blood donors worldwide, studies evaluating this population usually reflect male features. We assessed the features of female blood donors with positive serology for HBV and compared them with those of men.METHODS The study comprised consecutive blood donors referred to a specialized liver disease center to be evaluated due to HBsAg- and/or anti-HBc-positive tests. RESULTS: The study encompassed 1,273 individuals, 219 (17.2%) of whom were referred due to positive HBsAg test and 1,054 (82.8%) due to reactive anti-HBc test. Subjects' mean age was 36.8±10.9 years, and 28.7% were women. Female blood donors referred for positive HBsAg screening tests demonstrated higher prevalence of healthcare workers (9.3% vs 2.5%) and lower prevalence of sexual risk behaviors (15.1% vs 41.1%) and alcohol abuse (1.9% vs 19.8%) compared to men. Women had lower ALT (0.6 vs 0.8×ULN), AST (0.6 vs 0.8×ULN), direct bilirubin (0.2 vs 0.3mg/dL), and alkaline phosphatase (0.5 vs 0.6×ULN) levels and higher platelet count (223,380±50,293 vs 195,020±53,060/mm3). Women also had a higher prevalence of false-positive results (29.6% vs 17.0%). No differences were observed with respect to liver biopsies. Female blood donors referenced for reactive anti-HBc screening tests presented similar clinical, epidemiological, and biochemical characteristics to those reported for positive HBsAg screening tests and similarly had a higher prevalence of false-reactive results. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to men, female blood donors with positive HBsAg and/or anti-HBc screening tests demonstrated higher prevalence of professional risk and false-positive results and reduced alteration of liver chemistry.


Assuntos
Doadores de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Reações Falso-Positivas , Feminino , Hepatite B/diagnóstico , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais
15.
Rev. patol. trop ; 44(3): 343-349, out. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-912020

RESUMO

Descreve-se aqui um caso de reativação de leishmaniose cutaneomucosa durante o tratamento com alfainterferona 2b (IFN) para hepatite B crônica (HBV). Relato do caso: Paciente masculino, 52 anos, natural da Bahia, procedente de São Paulo onde vivia há 30 anos, encaminhado por HBV. Na história epidemiológica, referiu-se a uma viagem há cinco anos para Porto Seguro-BA, sem apresentar outros fatores de risco. No exame físico para admissão, não havia evidências de doença hepática crônica. Sorologias pré-tratamento: HBsAg e HBeAg positivos, biópsia A0F0 (Metavir). Foi submetido a tratamento com IFN 5 milhões de UI/dia por 24 semanas. No final, apresentava-se HBV DNA detectável, sem soroconversão de HBeAg, porém evoluiu no quarto mês de tratamento com perda ponderal de 10 kg, astenia, sinais e sintomas de sinusite sem melhora clínica após antibioticoterapia. Foi encaminhado para a otorrinolaringologia com rouquidão persistente, destruição de septo nasal, com áreas de crostas, necrose local, alargamento nasal e lesão em palato mole, cuja biópsia mostrou processo inflamatório granulomatoso com necrose caseosa, sugestivo de leishmaniose. Sorologia para leishmaniose IgG 1/80 (IFI) e intradermorreação de Montenegro de 30 mm. Indicado antimoniato de meglumina IV por 30 dias, obteve melhora da rouquidão e das lesões de palato. Conclusão: O quadro clínico sugere reativação da leishmaniose induzida pelo IFN. Acredita-se que este seja o primeiro relato na literatura de reativação de leishmaniose muco-cutânea por uso de IFN, semelhantemente ao que ocorre com a tuberculose. Screening para leishmaniose deve ser realizado em paciente de região endêmica no pré-tratamento com IFN diante da possibilidade de reativação de infecção latente


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica , Leishmaniose , Interferon-alfa
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 48(5): 524-531, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-763325

RESUMO

ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION:Since women are frequently the minority among blood donors worldwide, studies evaluating this population usually reflect male features. We assessed the features of female blood donors with positive serology for HBV and compared them with those of men.METHODS The study comprised consecutive blood donors referred to a specialized liver disease center to be evaluated due to HBsAg- and/or anti-HBc-positive tests.RESULTS: The study encompassed 1,273 individuals, 219 (17.2%) of whom were referred due to positive HBsAg test and 1,054 (82.8%) due to reactive anti-HBc test. Subjects' mean age was 36.8±10.9 years, and 28.7% were women. Female blood donors referred for positive HBsAg screening tests demonstrated higher prevalence of healthcare workers (9.3% vs 2.5%) and lower prevalence of sexual risk behaviors (15.1% vs 41.1%) and alcohol abuse (1.9% vs 19.8%) compared to men. Women had lower ALT (0.6 vs 0.8×ULN), AST (0.6 vs 0.8×ULN), direct bilirubin (0.2 vs 0.3mg/dL), and alkaline phosphatase (0.5 vs 0.6×ULN) levels and higher platelet count (223,380±50,293 vs 195,020±53,060/mm3). Women also had a higher prevalence of false-positive results (29.6% vs 17.0%). No differences were observed with respect to liver biopsies. Female blood donors referenced for reactive anti-HBc screening tests presented similar clinical, epidemiological, and biochemical characteristics to those reported for positive HBsAg screening tests and similarly had a higher prevalence of false-reactive results.CONCLUSIONS: Compared to men, female blood donors with positive HBsAg and/or anti-HBc screening tests demonstrated higher prevalence of professional risk and false-positive results and reduced alteration of liver chemistry.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doadores de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Reações Falso-Positivas , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite B/diagnóstico , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Fatores Sexuais
17.
Ann Hepatol ; 14(3): 317-24, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25864211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: HBV/HCV coinfection is a common finding among hemodialysis patients. However, there is scarce information concerning the impact of HBV coinfection on the response to treatment of HCV-infected patients on hemodialysis. AIM: We aimed to compare the rate of sustained virologic response (SVR) to treatment with interferon-alfa (IFN) between hemodialysis patients with HBV/HCV coinfection and those with HCV-monoinfection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: HCV-infected patients on hemodialysis treated with IFN were included. Patients coinfected by HBV/HCV were compared to HCV-monoinfected patients, regarding clinical and biochemical features and rates of SVR. RESULTS: One hundred and eleven patients were treated. HBV/HCV coinfection was observed in 18/111 patients (16%). Coinfected patients were younger (p = 002), had more time on dialysis (p = 0.05) and showed a tendency to present a higher prevalence of septal fibrosis (p = 0.06). The analysis by intention to treat showed SVR of 56% among coinfected patients and 18% in HCV-monoinfected patients (p = 0.004). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, end-stage renal disease patients with HBV/HCV coinfection exhibit higher rate of SVR to HCV treatment than HCV-monoinfected patients. It is possible that factors related to the host immune response and viral interaction could explain the better response observed among coinfected patients.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Coinfecção , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Diálise Renal , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Arq Gastroenterol ; 52 Suppl 1: 15-46, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26959804

RESUMO

In order to draw evidence-based recommendations concerning the management of autoimmune diseases of the liver, the Brazilian Society of Hepatology has sponsored a single-topic meeting in October 18th, 2014 at São Paulo. An organizing committee comprised of seven investigators was previously elected by the Governing Board to organize the scientific agenda as well as to select twenty panelists to make a systematic review of the literature and to present topics related to the diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune hepatitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, primary biliary cirrhosis and their overlap syndromes. After the meeting, all panelists gathered together for the discussion of the topics and the elaboration of those recommendations. The text was subsequently submitted for suggestions and approval of all members of the Brazilian Society of Hepatology through its homepage. The present paper is the final version of the reviewed manuscript organized in topics, followed by the recommendations of the Brazilian Society of Hepatology.


Assuntos
Colangite Esclerosante/diagnóstico , Colangite Esclerosante/terapia , Hepatite Autoimune/diagnóstico , Hepatite Autoimune/terapia , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/terapia , Brasil , Humanos , Sociedades Médicas , Síndrome
19.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 18(6): 625-630, Nov-Dec/2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-730412

RESUMO

Introduction: There is scarce information regarding clinical evolution of HBV infection in renal transplant patients. Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of acute exacerbation in HBV-infected renal transplant patients and its association with the time after transplantation, presence of viral replication, clinical evolution, and use of antiviral prophylaxis. Materials and methods: HBV infected renal transplant patients who underwent regular follow-up visits at 6-month intervals were included in the study. The criteria adopted to characterize exacerbation were: ALT >5 × ULN and/or >3 × baseline level. Predictive factors of exacerbation evaluated were age, gender, time on dialysis, type of donor, post-transplant time, ALT, HBeAg, HBV-DNA, HCV-RNA, immunosuppressive therapy, and use of antiviral prophylaxis. Results: 140 HBV-infected renal transplant patients were included (71% males; age 46 ±10 years; post-renal transplant time 8 ±5 years). During follow-up, 25% (35/140) of the patients presented exacerbation within 3.4 ±3 years after renal transplant. Viral replication was observed in all patients with exacerbation. Clinical and/or laboratory signs of hepatic insufficiency were present in 17% (6/35) of the patients. Three patients died as a consequence of liver failure. In univariate analysis variables associated with exacerbation were less frequent use of prophylactic/preemptive lamivudine and of mycophenolate mofetil. Lamivudine use was the only variable independently associated with exacerbation, with a protective effect. Conclusions: Acute exacerbation was a frequent and severe event in HBV-infected renal transplant patients. Prophylactic/preemptive therapy with antiviral drugs should be indicated for all HBsAg-positive renal transplant patients. .


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Doença Aguda , Replicação Viral
20.
Braz J Infect Dis ; 18(6): 625-30, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25179509

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is scarce information regarding clinical evolution of HBV infection in renal transplant patients. AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of acute exacerbation in HBV-infected renal transplant patients and its association with the time after transplantation, presence of viral replication, clinical evolution, and use of antiviral prophylaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HBV infected renal transplant patients who underwent regular follow-up visits at 6-month intervals were included in the study. The criteria adopted to characterize exacerbation were: ALT >5× ULN and/or >3× baseline level. Predictive factors of exacerbation evaluated were age, gender, time on dialysis, type of donor, post-transplant time, ALT, HBeAg, HBV-DNA, HCV-RNA, immunosuppressive therapy, and use of antiviral prophylaxis. RESULTS: 140 HBV-infected renal transplant patients were included (71% males; age 46 ± 10 years; post-renal transplant time 8 ± 5 years). During follow-up, 25% (35/140) of the patients presented exacerbation within 3.4 ± 3 years after renal transplant. Viral replication was observed in all patients with exacerbation. Clinical and/or laboratory signs of hepatic insufficiency were present in 17% (6/35) of the patients. Three patients died as a consequence of liver failure. In univariate analysis variables associated with exacerbation were less frequent use of prophylactic/preemptive lamivudine and of mycophenolate mofetil. Lamivudine use was the only variable independently associated with exacerbation, with a protective effect. CONCLUSIONS: Acute exacerbation was a frequent and severe event in HBV-infected renal transplant patients. Prophylactic/preemptive therapy with antiviral drugs should be indicated for all HBsAg-positive renal transplant patients.


Assuntos
Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Replicação Viral , Adulto Jovem
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