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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32181930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tacrolimus is a calcineurin inhibitor commonly used for prophylaxis of rejection in renal and liver transplantation. There are limited but favourable data regarding its possible use in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tacrolimus in patients with IBD in clinical practice. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, multicentre study in 22 centres in Spain. All adult patients who received oral tacrolimus for luminal or perianal IBD were included. Clinical response was assessed by Harvey-Bradshaw index and partial Mayo score after 3 months. Perianal disease was evaluated by fistula drainage assessment. RESULTS: One hundred and forty-three patients were included (mean age 38 years; 51% male; median disease duration 110 months). In ulcerative colitis (UC) (n = 58), the partial Mayo score decreased after 3 months from median 6 to 3 (P = 0.0001), whereas in Crohn's disease (CD) (n = 85), the Harvey-Bradshaw index decreased after 3 months from median 9 to 7 (P = 0.011). In CD patients, blood tacrolimus concentrations during induction (>10 ng/mL vs <10 ng/mL; odds ratio 0.23, 95% CI 0.05-0.87) and the concomitant use of thiopurines (odds ratio 0.18, 95% CI 0.04-0.81) were associated with lower clinical disease activity at 3 months. Of 62 patients with perianal disease, complete closure was observed in 8% (n = 5) of patients with perianal fistulas, with 34% (n = 21) showing partial response. Treatment was maintained for a median of 6 months (IQR, 2-16). After a median clinical follow-up of 24 months (IQR, 15-57), the rate of treatment-related adverse events was 34%, correlating with blood drug concentrations (P = 0.021). Finally, 120 patients (84%) discontinued tacrolimus, usually due to absence or loss of response. Three patients (2%) were subsequently diagnosed with cancer. The overall rate of surgery was 39%, with a 33% colectomy rate in UC. CONCLUSIONS: Tacrolimus shows a clinical benefit in both CD and UC after 3 months of treatment, but its long-term effectiveness and frequent adverse events remain relevant issues in clinical practice.

2.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964522

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Errors are very common in daily clinical practice; however, they can be prevented. Our aim was to identify the most common errors in the outpatient management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with IBD, being treated at our IBD Unit and who were referred for a second opinion were consecutively enrolled. Data on the strategies implemented by their previous physicians were obtained. These strategies were compared with the currently recommended diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. RESULTS: Seventy-four IBD patients were enrolled. Prior to care in our Unit, screening for tobacco use had been performed in 50% of Crohn's disease patients, while smoking cessation counselling had been provided in 29%. At the time of IBD diagnosis, the hepatitis B virus immunization status had been investigated in 16% of the patients, the hepatitis C virus status in 15%, and the varicella status in 7%. Seven percent of the patients had been vaccinated against hepatitis B virus, and 3% against influenza, tetanus and pneumococcus. Sixty-seven percent of the patients with an indication for use of 5-aminosalicylic acid and 37% of those with an indication for immunosuppressants had received the indicated drug. DISCUSSION: Errors in the outpatient management of IBD patients are very common and relevant.

5.
Surg Endosc ; 34(3): 1112-1122, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31144122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no information regarding the outcome of Crohn's disease (CD) patients treated with endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) in non-referral hospitals, nor on the efficacy of EBD in ulcerative colitis (UC). We report herein the results of the largest series published to date. AIM: To assess the efficacy and safety of EBD for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) stenosis performed in 19 hospitals with different levels of complexity and to determine factors related to therapeutic success. METHODS: We identified IBD patients undergoing EBD in the ENEIDA database. Efficacy of EBD was compared between CD and UC and between secondary and tertiary hospitals. Predictive factors of therapeutic success were assessed with multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Four-hundred dilations (41.2% anastomotic) were performed in 187 IBD patients (13 UC/Indeterminate colitis). Technical and therapeutic success per dilation was achieved in 79.5% and 55.3%, respectively. Therapeutic success per patient was achieved in 78.1% of cases (median follow-up: 40 months) with 49.7% requiring more than one dilation. No differences related to either diagnosis or hospital complexity was found. Technical success [OR 4.12 (95%CI 2.4-7.1)] and not receiving anti-TNF at the time of dilation [OR 1.7 (95% CI 1.1-2.6)] were independently related to therapeutic success per dilation. A stricture length ≤ 2 cm [HR 2.43 (95% CI 1.11-5.31)] was a predictive factor of long-term success per patient. The rate of major complications was 1.3%. CONCLUSIONS: EBD can be performed with similar efficacy and safety in hospitals with differing levels of complexity and it might be a suitable treatment for UC with short stenosis. To achieve a technical success and the short length of the stenosis seem to be critical for long-term therapeutic success.

6.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 112(1): 53-58, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880163

RESUMO

Microscopic colitis is a common cause of chronic watery diarrhea with a great impact on patient quality of life. Microscopic colitis includes two histological subtypes: collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis. Due to the increasing incidence and awareness of this disease over the last decades, several international guidelines have been recently published. However, there is still significant heterogeneity in the management of these patients, and treatments without solid scientific evidence support are often used in clinical practice. This article reviews the therapeutic role of budesonide in microscopic colitis and summarizes the current evidence regarding other treatments available for this disease, especially for the management of refractory patients. Finally, an updated treatment algorithm is proposed.

7.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of the switch to another anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agent is not known. The aim of this study was to analyze the effectiveness and safety of treatment with a second and third anti-TNF drug after intolerance to or failure of a previous anti-TNF agent in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. METHODS: We included patients diagnosed with IBD from the ENEIDA registry who received another anti-TNF after intolerance to or failure of a prior anti-TNF agent. RESULTS: A total of 1122 patients were included. In the short term, remission was achieved in 55% of the patients with the second anti-TNF. The incidence of loss of response was 19% per patient-year with the second anti-TNF. Combination therapy (hazard ratio [HR], 2.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.8-3; P < 0.0001) and ulcerative colitis vs Crohn's disease (HR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1-2.1; P = 0.005) were associated with a higher probability of loss of response. Fifteen percent of the patients had adverse events, and 10% had to discontinue the second anti-TNF. Of the 71 patients who received a third anti-TNF, 55% achieved remission. The incidence of loss of response was 22% per patient-year with a third anti-TNF. Adverse events occurred in 7 patients (11%), but only 1 stopped the drug. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately half of the patients who received a second anti-TNF achieved remission; nevertheless, a significant proportion of them subsequently lost response. Combination therapy and type of IBD were associated with loss of response. Remission was achieved in almost 50% of patients who received a third anti-TNF; nevertheless, a significant proportion of them subsequently lost response.

8.
Therap Adv Gastroenterol ; 12: 1756284819847034, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31205485

RESUMO

Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with a considerable burden to the patient and society. However, current data on IBD incidence and burden are limited because of the paucity of nationwide epidemiological studies, heterogeneous designs, and a low number of participating centers and sample size. The EpidemIBD study is a large-scale investigation to provide an accurate assessment of the incidence of IBD in Spain, as well as treatment patterns and outcomes. Methods: This multicenter, population-based incidence cohort study included patients aged >18 years with IBD (Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, or unclassified IBD) diagnosed during 2017 in 108 hospitals in Spain, covering 50% of the Spanish population. Each participating patient will attend 10 clinic visits during 5 years of follow up. Demographic data, IBD characteristics and family history, complications, treatments, surgeries, and hospital admissions will be recorded. Results: The EpidemIBD study is the first large-scale nationwide study to investigate the incidence of IBD in Spain. Enrollment is now completed and 3627 patients are currently being followed up. Conclusions: The study has been designed to overcome many of the limitations of previous European studies into IBD incidence by prospectively recruiting a large number of patients from all regions of Spain. In addition to epidemiological information about the burden of IBD, the 5-year follow-up period will also provide information on treatment patterns, and the natural history and financial burden of IBD.

9.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 25(11): 1862-1870, 2019 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anti-tumor necrosis factor agents (anti-TNFs) are efficacious at preventing the postoperative recurrence (POR) of Crohn disease, as demonstrated in 2 randomized controlled trials. However, real-life data for infliximab or adalimumab in this setting are scarce. Our aim was to assess both the efficiency of anti-TNFs at preventing early POR of Crohn disease in clinical practice and the associated risk factors for POR. METHODS: Patients in whom anti-TNFs were prescribed for the prevention of POR within 3 months after ileocolonic resection and who had an endoscopic assessment within 18 months were identified from the ENEIDA registry. Clinical and endoscopic features were collected within 18 months after surgery. RESULTS: In total, 152 patients were included (55 treated with infliximab, 97 with adalimumab, and 39% with concomitant immunosuppressants). Anti-TNF treatment was started after a median time of 29 days (IQR 13-44) after surgery. Eighty-two percent of patients had at least one risk factor for POR, and 82% had been exposed to anti-TNFs before the index surgery. Overall, 34% had endoscopic POR (as defined using a Rutgeerts endoscopic score > i1); 14% had advanced endoscopic POR (>i2); and 20% had clinical POR, with no differences between infliximab and adalimumab. In the multivariate analysis, only perianal disease (odds ratio 2.73, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.26-5.91) and rectal involvement (odds ratio 2.79, 95% CI 1.09-7.14) were independent predictors of endoscopic POR. CONCLUSIONS: In clinical practice, anti-TNFs for the prevention of POR of Crohn disease are frequently used in patients experienced with anti-TNFs and with concomitant immunosuppressants. The efficacy of infliximab and adalimumab for POR prevention is similar and in accordance with the results obtained in randomized controlled trials.

10.
J Crohns Colitis ; 11(12): 1430-1439, 2017 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28981652

RESUMO

Background and Aims: This study sought to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, to analyse the dietary beliefs and behaviours of these patients, to study their body composition, to evaluate their muscular strength and to identify the factors associated with malnutrition in these patients. Methods: This was a prospective, multicentre study. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients from 30 Spanish centres, from the outpatient clinics, were included. A questionnaire of 11 items was applied to obtain data from patients' dietary behaviour and beliefs. Patients who accepted were evaluated to assess their nutritional status using Subjective Global Assessment and body mass index. Body composition was evaluated through bioelectrical impedance. Results: A total of 1271 patients were included [51% women, median age 45 years, 60% Crohn's disease]. Of these, 333 patients underwent the nutritional evaluation. A total of 77% of patients declared that they avoided some foods to prevent disease relapse. Eighty-six per cent of patients avoided some foods when they had disease activity because of fear of worsening the flare. Sixty-seven per cent of patients modified their dietary habits after disease diagnosis. The prevalence of malnutrition was 16% [95% confidence interval = 12-20%]. In the multivariate analysis, history of abdominal surgery, active disease and avoidance of some foods during flares were associated with higher risk of malnutrition. Conclusions: The prevalence of malnutrition in inflammatory bowel disease patients was high. We identified some predictive factors of malnutrition. Most of the patients had self-imposed food restrictions, based on their beliefs.


Assuntos
Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/fisiopatologia , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Desnutrição/fisiopatologia , Estado Nutricional , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doença de Crohn , Impedância Elétrica , Feminino , Alimentos , Força da Mão , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação Nutricional , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Exacerbação dos Sintomas , Adulto Jovem
11.
Dig Liver Dis ; 49(9): 973-977, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28457904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Controlled studies show high efficacy of budesonide in inducing short-term clinical remission in collagenous colitis (CC), but relapses are common after its withdrawal. AIM: To evaluate the need for high-dose budesonide (≥6mg/d) to maintain clinical remission in CC. METHODS: Analysis of a multicentre retrospective cohort of 75 patients with CC (62.3±1.5years; 85% women) treated with budesonide in a clinical practice setting between 2013 and 2015. Frequency of budesonide (9mg/d) refractoriness and safety, and the need for high-dose budesonide to maintain clinical remission, were evaluated. Drugs used as budesonide-sparing, including azathioprine and mercaptopurine, were recorded. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the risk factors associated with the need for high-dose budesonide (≥6mg/d) to maintain clinical remission. RESULTS: Budesonide induced clinical remission in 92% of patients, with good tolerance. Fourteen of 68 patients (21%; 95% CI, 13-32%) needed high-dose budesonide to maintain remission. Only intake of NSAIDs at diagnosis (OR, 8.6; 95% CI, 1.6-44) was associated with the need for high-dose budesonide in the multivariate analysis. TREATMENT: with thiopurines was effective in 5 out of 6 patients (83%; 95% CI, 44-97%), allowing for withdrawal from or a dose decrease of budesonide. CONCLUSIONS: One fifth of CC patients, especially those with NSAID intake at diagnosis, require high-dose budesonide (≥6mg/d) to maintain clinical remission. In this setting, thiopurines might be effective as budesonide-sparing drugs.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Budesonida/administração & dosagem , Colite Colagenosa/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Mercaptopurina/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha
12.
World J Gastroenterol ; 21(7): 2260-2, 2015 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25717268

RESUMO

There are several reports of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced lung disease, especially in patients with rheumatologic diseases. Adalimumab is an anti-TNF drug used to induce and maintain remission in patients with immune-mediated diseases, such as Crohn's disease. Although pulmonary disorders could be an extra-intestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease, biologic therapy could also be a cause of lung injury. Only few cases of adalimumab-induced lung toxicity have been reported, and the majority of them were in patients with rheumatologic diseases. Lung injury secondary to anti-TNF therapy should, after ruling out other etiologies, be considered in patients who have a temporal association between the onset of respiratory symptoms and the exposure to these drugs. A compatible pattern in the biopsy and the clinical improvement after discontinuation of the anti-TNF drug would strongly support the diagnosis.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Doença de Crohn/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/efeitos adversos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/induzido quimicamente , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adalimumab , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/imunologia , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
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