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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e19061, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000455

RESUMO

To analyze whether a correlation exists between the caries status (Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth, DMFT Index) of the first permanent molars (FPMs) and that of the full permanent dentition of Mexican adolescents, and to propose its use in large epidemiological studies of dental caries.We conducted a cross-sectional study of 1538 adolescents from 12 to 15 years old. Based on a clinical oral examination, we determined the DMFT Indices of their FPMs (FPM-DMFT) and of their full permanent dentition (comprehensive DMFT Index). We explored each FPM to determine whether it was with or without caries, filled, missing or sealed. For our statistical analysis, we used Fisher exact test and Spearman correlation in Stata software.After examining a total of 6157 FPMs, we found that 56.8% of our sample of adolescents had no caries in their 4 FPMs whereas 4.9% experienced caries in all 4. No significant differences emerged by sex (P > .05); however, by age, the older adolescents experienced greater FPM-DMFT (P < .05). Analysis yielded a correlation of r = 0.8693 between the FPM-DMFT and comprehensive DMFT scores (P < .0001) of participants. The underestimation of caries prevalence (DMFT > 0) was 5.4% (48.6% vs 43.2%), while the DMFT Index was underestimated at 0.34 (1.15 vs 0.81).The strong correlation between the FPM-DMFT and comprehensive DMFT Indices suggests that overall caries status can be inferred on the basis of FPM caries status. This evidence is useful when conducting large epidemiological studies such as national surveys.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Dentição Permanente , Dente Molar , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Prevalência
2.
Int Orthod ; 18(1): 79-88, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735681

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Alveolar bone surrounding mandibular incisors dictates the range of buccolingual inclination that can be achieved with treatment. The objective of this study was to evaluate the mandibular anterior alveolar thickness and height in individuals with different sagittal and vertical skeletal relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cone beam computed tomography scans of 53 individuals (22 males and 31 females; mean age 21.19±3.7 years) were classified into 3 groups according to the sagittal skeletal relationship (class I, class II, and class III) and the vertical growth pattern (hyperdivergent, normodivergent, and hypodivergent). The alveolar thickness and height of both mandibular central incisors were measured. Group comparisons were performed with analysis of variance and post hoc Scheffé tests. Multiple linear regression was applied to evaluate the influence of all variables on the alveolar conditions. RESULTS: Alveolar thickness and height showed no significant differences among the class I, II and III groups (6 and 7mm regardless of the sagittal group, P>0.05). The middle and lower alveolar thicknesses were significantly smaller in hyperdivergent (5.76mm and 6.34mm) and normodivergent (6.29mm and 7.40mm) than hypodivergent individuals (6.63mm and 8.27mm respectively). The lingual alveolar height was smaller in hyperdivergent (6.04mm) than hypodivergent individuals (7.93mm) (P=0.029, 95%CI: 0.15-3.63) and the lingual bone height was smaller in hypodivergent (3.24mm) than hyperdivergent individuals (5.06mm) (P=0.029, 95%CI: 0.15-3.48). Multiple linear regression indicated a significant influence of the root length on the alveolar thickness and height. CONCLUSIONS: The sagittal skeletal relationship showed no influence on the alveolar thickness or height, even if dental compensation was present. Hyperdivergent individuals showed smaller alveolar thicknesses and heights than hypodivergent individuals.

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