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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 504-506, July-Aug. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1020507
2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 142-148, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-990566

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most frequently performed heart surgery in Brazil. Recent international guidelines recommend that national societies establish a database on the practice and results of CABG. In anticipation of the recommendation, the BYPASS Registry was introduced in 2015. Objective: To analyze the profile, risk factors and outcomes of patients undergoing CABG in Brazil, as well as to examine the predominant surgical strategy, based on the data included in the BYPASS Registry. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 2292 patients undergoing CABG surgery and cataloged in the BYPASS Registry up to November 2018. Demographic data, clinical presentation, operative variables, and postoperative hospital outcomes were analyzed. Results: Patients referred to CABG in Brazil are predominantly male (71%), with prior myocardial infarction in 41.1% of cases, diabetes in 42.5%, and ejection fraction lower than 40% in 9.7%. The Heart Team indicated surgery in 32.9% of the cases. Most of the patients underwent cardiopulmonary bypass (87%), and cardioplegia was the strategy of myocardial protection chosen in 95.2% of the cases. The left internal thoracic artery was used as a graft in 91% of the cases; the right internal thoracic artery, in 5.6%; and the radial artery in 1.1%. The saphenous vein graft was used in 84.1% of the patients, being the only graft employed in 7.7% of the patients. The median number of coronary vessels treated was 3. Operative mortality was 2.8%, and the incidence of cerebrovascular accident was 1.2%. Conclusion: CABG data in Brazil provided by the BYPASS Registry analysis are representative of our national reality and practice. This database constitutes an important reference for indications and comparisons of therapeutic procedures, as well as to propose subsequent models to improve patient safety and the quality of surgical practice in the country.

3.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(2): 142-148, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916123

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most frequently performed heart surgery in Brazil. Recent international guidelines recommend that national societies establish a database on the practice and results of CABG. In anticipation of the recommendation, the BYPASS Registry was introduced in 2015. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the profile, risk factors and outcomes of patients undergoing CABG in Brazil, as well as to examine the predominant surgical strategy, based on the data included in the BYPASS Registry. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 2292 patients undergoing CABG surgery and cataloged in the BYPASS Registry up to November 2018. Demographic data, clinical presentation, operative variables, and postoperative hospital outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Patients referred to CABG in Brazil are predominantly male (71%), with prior myocardial infarction in 41.1% of cases, diabetes in 42.5%, and ejection fraction lower than 40% in 9.7%. The Heart Team indicated surgery in 32.9% of the cases. Most of the patients underwent cardiopulmonary bypass (87%), and cardioplegia was the strategy of myocardial protection chosen in 95.2% of the cases. The left internal thoracic artery was used as a graft in 91% of the cases; the right internal thoracic artery, in 5.6%; and the radial artery in 1.1%. The saphenous vein graft was used in 84.1% of the patients, being the only graft employed in 7.7% of the patients. The median number of coronary vessels treated was 3. Operative mortality was 2.8%, and the incidence of cerebrovascular accident was 1.2%. CONCLUSION: CABG data in Brazil provided by the BYPASS Registry analysis are representative of our national reality and practice. This database constitutes an important reference for indications and comparisons of therapeutic procedures, as well as to propose subsequent models to improve patient safety and the quality of surgical practice in the country.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Brasil , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 32(3): 210-214, 2017 May-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28832800

RESUMO

Introduction:: Although it only corresponds to 2.5% of congenital heart defects, hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is responsible for more than 25% of cardiac deaths in the first week of life. Palliative surgery performed after the second week of life is considered an important risk factor in the treatment of HLHS. Objective:: The aim of this study is to describe the initial experience of a medical center in Northeastern Brazil with a modified off-pump hybrid approach for palliation of HLHS. Methods:: From November 2012 through November 2015, the medical records of 8 patients with HLHS undergoing hybrid procedure were retrospectively evaluated in a tertiary private hospital in Northeastern Brazil. The modified off-pump hybrid palliation consisted of stenting of the ductus arteriosus guided by fluoroscopy without contrast and banding of the main pulmonary artery branches. Demographic and clinical variables were recorded for descriptive analysis. Results:: Eight patients were included in this study, of whom 37.5% were female. The median age and weight at the time of the procedure was 2 days (p25% and p75% = 2 and 4.5 days, respectively) and 3150 g (p25% and p75% = 3077.5 g and 3400 g, respectively), respectively. The median length in intensive care unit stay was 6 days (p25% and p75% = 3.5% and 8 days, respectively). There were no in-hospital deaths. Four patients have undergone to the second stage of the surgical treatment of HLHS. Conclusion:: In this series, the initial experience with the modified off-pump hybrid procedure showed to be safe, allowing a low early mortality rate among children presenting HLHS.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/cirurgia , Procedimentos de Norwood/métodos , Stents , Prótese Vascular , Brasil , Cateterismo Cardíaco/mortalidade , Canal Arterial/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/mortalidade , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Ilustração Médica , Procedimentos de Norwood/mortalidade , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Politetrafluoretileno , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(3): 210-214, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-897913

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Although it only corresponds to 2.5% of congenital heart defects, hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is responsible for more than 25% of cardiac deaths in the first week of life. Palliative surgery performed after the second week of life is considered an important risk factor in the treatment of HLHS. Objective: The aim of this study is to describe the initial experience of a medical center in Northeastern Brazil with a modified off-pump hybrid approach for palliation of HLHS. Methods: From November 2012 through November 2015, the medical records of 8 patients with HLHS undergoing hybrid procedure were retrospectively evaluated in a tertiary private hospital in Northeastern Brazil. The modified off-pump hybrid palliation consisted of stenting of the ductus arteriosus guided by fluoroscopy without contrast and banding of the main pulmonary artery branches. Demographic and clinical variables were recorded for descriptive analysis. Results: Eight patients were included in this study, of whom 37.5% were female. The median age and weight at the time of the procedure was 2 days (p25% and p75% = 2 and 4.5 days, respectively) and 3150 g (p25% and p75% = 3077.5 g and 3400 g, respectively), respectively. The median length in intensive care unit stay was 6 days (p25% and p75% = 3.5% and 8 days, respectively). There were no in-hospital deaths. Four patients have undergone to the second stage of the surgical treatment of HLHS. Conclusion: In this series, the initial experience with the modified off-pump hybrid procedure showed to be safe, allowing a low early mortality rate among children presenting HLHS.

6.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 32(2): 71-76, 2017 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28492786

RESUMO

Objective: To report the early results of the BYPASS project - the Brazilian registrY of adult Patient undergoing cArdiovaScular Surgery - a national, observational, prospective, and longitudinal follow-up registry, aiming to chart a profile of patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery in Brazil, assessing the data harvested from the initial 1,722 patients. Methods: Data collection involved institutions throughout the whole country, comprising 17 centers in 4 regions: Southeast (8), Northeast (5), South (3), and Center-West (1). The study population consists of patients over 18 years of age, and the types of operations recorded were: coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), mitral valve, aortic valve (either conventional or transcatheter), surgical correction of atrial fibrillation, cardiac transplantation, mechanical circulatory support and congenital heart diseases in adults. Results: 83.1% of patients came from the public health system (SUS), 9.6% from the supplemental (private insurance) healthcare systems; and 7.3% from private (out-of -pocket) clinic. Male patients comprised 66%, 30% were diabetics, 46% had dyslipidemia, 28% previously sustained a myocardial infarction, and 9.4% underwent prior cardiovascular surgery. Patients underwent coronary artery bypass surgery were 54.1% and 31.5% to valve surgery, either isolated or combined. The overall postoperative mortality up to the 7th postoperative day was 4%; for CABG was 2.6%, and for valve operations, 4.4%. Conclusion: This first report outlines the consecution of the Brazilian surgical cardiac database, intended to serve primarily as a tool for providing information for clinical improvement and patient safety and constitute a basis for production of research protocols.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença das Coronárias/mortalidade , Doença das Coronárias/cirurgia , Feminino , Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(2): 71-76, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-843479

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To report the early results of the BYPASS project - the Brazilian registrY of adult Patient undergoing cArdiovaScular Surgery - a national, observational, prospective, and longitudinal follow-up registry, aiming to chart a profile of patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery in Brazil, assessing the data harvested from the initial 1,722 patients. Methods: Data collection involved institutions throughout the whole country, comprising 17 centers in 4 regions: Southeast (8), Northeast (5), South (3), and Center-West (1). The study population consists of patients over 18 years of age, and the types of operations recorded were: coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), mitral valve, aortic valve (either conventional or transcatheter), surgical correction of atrial fibrillation, cardiac transplantation, mechanical circulatory support and congenital heart diseases in adults. Results: 83.1% of patients came from the public health system (SUS), 9.6% from the supplemental (private insurance) healthcare systems; and 7.3% from private (out-of -pocket) clinic. Male patients comprised 66%, 30% were diabetics, 46% had dyslipidemia, 28% previously sustained a myocardial infarction, and 9.4% underwent prior cardiovascular surgery. Patients underwent coronary artery bypass surgery were 54.1% and 31.5% to valve surgery, either isolated or combined. The overall postoperative mortality up to the 7th postoperative day was 4%; for CABG was 2.6%, and for valve operations, 4.4%. Conclusion: This first report outlines the consecution of the Brazilian surgical cardiac database, intended to serve primarily as a tool for providing information for clinical improvement and patient safety and constitute a basis for production of research protocols.

8.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 31(1): 31-7, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27074272

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the child development and evaluate a possible association with the commitment by biopsychosocial factors of children with and without congenital heart disease. METHODS: Observational study of case-control with three groups: Group 1 - children with congenital heart disease without surgical correction; Group 2 - children with congenital heart disease who underwent surgery; and Group 3 - healthy children. Children were assessed by socio-demographic and clinical questionnaire and the Denver II Screening Test. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty eight children were evaluated, 29 in Group 1, 43 in Group 2 and 56 in Group 3. Of the total, 51.56% are girls and ages ranged from two months to six years (median 24.5 months). Regarding the Denver II, the children with heart disease had more "suspicious" and "suspect/abnormal" ratings and in the group of healthy children 53.6% were considered with "normal" development (P≤0.0001). The biopsychosocial variables that were related to a possible developmental delay were gender (P=0.042), child's age (P=0.001) and income per capita (P=0.019). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that children with congenital heart disease are likely to have a developmental delay with significant difference between children who have undergone surgery and those awaiting surgery under clinical follow-up.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/fisiopatologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/psicologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/psicologia , Fatores Etários , Análise de Variância , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 31(1): 31-37, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-778368

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the child development and evaluate a possible association with the commitment by biopsychosocial factors of children with and without congenital heart disease. Methods: Observational study of case-control with three groups: Group 1 - children with congenital heart disease without surgical correction; Group 2 - children with congenital heart disease who underwent surgery; and Group 3 - healthy children. Children were assessed by socio-demographic and clinical questionnaire and the Denver II Screening Test. Results: One hundred and twenty eight children were evaluated, 29 in Group 1, 43 in Group 2 and 56 in Group 3. Of the total, 51.56% are girls and ages ranged from two months to six years (median 24.5 months). Regarding the Denver II, the children with heart disease had more "suspicious" and "suspect/abnormal" ratings and in the group of healthy children 53.6% were considered with "normal" development (P≤0.0001). The biopsychosocial variables that were related to a possible developmental delay were gender (P=0.042), child's age (P=0.001) and income per capita (P=0.019). Conclusion: The results suggest that children with congenital heart disease are likely to have a developmental delay with significant difference between children who have undergone surgery and those awaiting surgery under clinical follow-up.


Assuntos
Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/fisiopatologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/psicologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/psicologia , Fatores Etários , Análise de Variância , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 24(1-4): f:53-l:58, jan.-dez. 2016.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-879031

RESUMO

O implante transcateter da valva pulmonar (ITVP) evoluiu significativamente desde sua introdução, no início dos anos 2000. Atualmente, esta técnica é uma opção segura e eficaz para o tratamento das disfunções valvares graves (estenose e/ou insuficiência) em biopróteses ou condutos cirúrgicos em posição pulmonar, em vários centros do mundo. No Brasil, os resultados iniciais com este procedimento em centros de referência foram similares àqueles observados na experiência global. O ITVP tem se demonstrado factível, seguro e eficaz em mãos treinadas na nossa realidade. Porém, antes da aplicação disseminada desta técnica em outros centros em nosso país, houve a necessidade de se estabelecerem alguns critérios para a seleção do paciente, a técnica de implante e o seguimento clínico, assim como para o treinamento e o credenciamento de novos operadores e centros. As orientações aqui descritas foram determinadas por um grupo de especialistas com experiência renomada em cardiopatias congênitas e ITVP, tendo sido encaminhadas ao Conselho Federal de Medicina (CFM). Representantes das diferentes sociedades médicas foram envolvidas na preparação deste documento, incluindo a Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia (SBC), a Sociedade Brasileira de Hemodinâmica e Cardiologia Invasiva (SBHCI) e a Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular (SBCCV). Acreditamos que a rígida aderência às recomendações listadas neste documento oficial seja crucial para a segurança do paciente e para que ótimos resultados sejam alcançados imediatamente e a longo prazo. Uma vez consolidado em nosso meio, o ITVP abrirá caminho para a introdução de novas terapias valvares em cardiopatias congênitas


Transcatheter pulmonary valve implantation (TPVI) has evolved significantly since its introduction in the early 2000s. Currently, this technique is a safe and effective option for the treatment of severe valve dysfunction (stenosis and/or regurgitation) in bioprostheses or surgical conduits in pulmonary position, in several centers worldwide. In Brazil, the initial results with this procedure in reference centers were similar to those observed in the overall experience. TPVI was proven to be feasible, safe, and effective in trained hands in Brazil. However, prior to the widespread application of this technique to other centers in this country, it was necessary to establish some criteria for patient selection, implantation technique, and clinical follow-up, as well as for the training and accreditation of new interventionists and centers. The guidelines described here were determined by a group of experts with well-known experience in congenital heart disease and TPVI, and were referred to the Conselho Federal de Medicina (CFM, portuguese for Federal Council of Medicine). Representatives of the different medical societies were involved in the creation of this document, including the Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia (SBC, portuguese for Brazilian Society of Cardiology), the Sociedade Brasileira de Hemodinâmica e Cardiologia Invasiva (SBHCI, portuguese for Brazilian Society of Hemodynamics and Invasive Cardiology), and the Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular (SBCCV, portuguese for Brazilian Society of Cardiovascular Surgery). The authors believe that strict adherence to the recommendations contained in this official document is crucial for patient safety and for optimal results to be achieved in both the short and long term. Once consolidated in Brazil, TPVI will open doors for the introduction of new valve therapies in congenital cardiopathies


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Próteses e Implantes , Valva Pulmonar , Brasil , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Acreditação de Instituições de Saúde , Diretrizes para o Planejamento em Saúde , Artéria Pulmonar , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/terapia , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/terapia , Bioprótese , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia
11.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 23(6): 1000-6, 2015 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26625989

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the analgesic efficacy of subcutaneous lidocaine and multimodal analgesia for chest tube removal following heart surgery. METHODS: Sixty volunteers were randomly allocated in two groups; 30 participants in the experimental group were given 1% subcutaneous lidocaine, and 30 controls were given a multimodal analgesia regime comprising systemic anti-inflammatory agents and opioids. The intensity and quality of pain and trait and state anxiety were assessed. The association between independent variables and final outcome was assessed by means of the Chi-squared test with Yates' correction and Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: The groups did not exhibit significant difference with respect to the intensity of pain upon chest tube removal (p= 0.47). The most frequent descriptors of pain reported by the participants were pressing, sharp, pricking, burning and unbearable. CONCLUSION: The present study suggests that the analgesic effect of the subcutaneous administration of 1% lidocaine combined with multimodal analgesia is most efficacious.


Assuntos
Analgesia , Anestésicos Locais/uso terapêutico , Tubos Torácicos , Remoção de Dispositivo/efeitos adversos , Lidocaína/uso terapêutico , Dor Processual/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 23(6): 1000-1006, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: lil-767114

RESUMO

Objective: to assess the analgesic efficacy of subcutaneous lidocaine and multimodal analgesia for chest tube removal following heart surgery. Methods: sixty volunteers were randomly allocated in two groups; 30 participants in the experimental group were given 1% subcutaneous lidocaine, and 30 controls were given a multimodal analgesia regime comprising systemic anti-inflammatory agents and opioids. The intensity and quality of pain and trait and state anxiety were assessed. The association between independent variables and final outcome was assessed by means of the Chi-squared test with Yates' correction and Fisher's exact test. Results: the groups did not exhibit significant difference with respect to the intensity of pain upon chest tube removal (p= 0.47). The most frequent descriptors of pain reported by the participants were pressing, sharp, pricking, burning and unbearable. Conclusion: the present study suggests that the analgesic effect of the subcutaneous administration of 1% lidocaine combined with multimodal analgesia is most efficacious.


Objetivo: avaliar a eficiência analgésica de lidocaína subcutânea e analgesia multimodal na remoção do dreno torácico após cirurgia cardíaca. Método: sessenta voluntários foram alocados aleatoriamente em dois grupos; 30 participantes no grupo experimental receberam lidocaína subcutânea 1%, e outros 30 do grupo controle receberam o regime de analgesia multimodal compreendendo agentes anti-inflamatórios e opióides sistêmicos. A intensidade e qualidade da dor e Ansiedade Traço Estado foram avaliados. A associação entre variáveis independentes e desfecho final foi avaliada através do Teste Qui-quadrado com correção de Yates e o Teste exato de Fisher. Resultados: os grupos não apresentaram diferenças significante, no que diz respeito à intensidade da dor na remoção do dreno torácico (p= 0,47). Os descritores de dor mais comuns relatados pelos participantes foram dor: de pressão, aguda, como uma picada, queimar/arder e intolerável. Conclusão: o presente estudo sugere que o efeito analgésico da administração de lidocaína 1% combinada com a analgesia multimodal é mais eficiente.


Objetivo: evaluar la eficacia analgésica de la lidocaína subcutánea y la analgesia multimodal para la remoción del tubo torácico después de la cirugía cardíaca. Métodos: sesenta voluntarios fueron asignados aleatoriamente en dos grupos; 30 participantes en el grupo experimental recibieron lidocaína subcutánea al 1%, y 30 controlos recibieron un régimen de analgesia multimodal que comprende agentes antiinflamatorios sistémicos y opioides. La intensidad y calidad del dolor y rasgo y estado de ansiedad se evaluaron. La asociación entre las variables independientes y el resultado final han sido evaluados por medio de la prueba de Chi-cuadrado con corrección de Yates y la prueba exacta de Fisher. Resultados: los grupos no mostraron diferencias significativas con respecto a la intensidad del dolor después de la retirada del tubo torácico (p= 0,47). Los descriptores de dolor más frecuentes informados por los participantes fueron apretado, agudo, punzante, ardiente e insoportable. Conclusión: el presente estudio sugiere que el efecto analgésico de la administración subcutánea de lidocaína al 1% combinada con la analgesia multimodal es eficaz.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Tubos Torácicos , Remoção de Dispositivo/efeitos adversos , Dor Processual/tratamento farmacológico , Analgesia , Anestésicos Locais/uso terapêutico , Lidocaína/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Medição da Dor
16.
An. paul. med. cir ; 119(4): 68-72, out.-dez. 1992. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-116594

RESUMO

O presente trabalho relata 18 casos de reoperacao de protese em posicao mitral(9), sendo 12 do sexo feminino e 6 do sexo masculino com idade variando de 23 a 47 anos, todos na primeira retroca, no periodo de agosto de 1991 a novembro de 1992. As cirurgias foram praticadas atraves de atriotomia esquerda como nos moldes habituais. As proteses foram ressecadas fazendo-se uso de bisturi eletrico, ligado apenas no corte. Ressaltamos a facilidade desta nova tecnica no intuito de encurtar o tempo de perfusao nas operacoes de retroca das proteses em posicao mitral


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 51(6): 447-50, dez. 1988.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-65515

RESUMO

Analisou-se retrospectivamente 679 casos de cirurgia cardiovascular e torácica com uso ou näo de circulaçäo extracorpórea, realizadas sob anestesia peridural contínua utilizando-se de bupivacaína 0,25% sem adrenalina no espaço epidural T3 ou T4 após assepsia no local. As doses de fentanil utilizadas para bloqueio sensorial foi de 0,1 a 0,5 mg/kg/dose para adulto e 0,1 mg/kg/dose para criança tendo entretanto, sua quantidade diminuída pela anestesia peridural. Observou=se estabilidade cardiovascular elétrica e hemodinâmica, porcentagem baixa de pacientes com dor no pós-operatório, diminuindo a necessidade de drogas morfinomiméticas para analgesia proporcionando benefícios, importantes no trans e pós-operatório. As complicaçöes foram raras e de pequena expressäo sendo mais relacionadas ao manejo do procedimento como no caso de punçäo intra-tecal ou de desencadeamento de crise convulsiva generalizada. Com base nesse estudo concluiu-se que os resultados säo excelentes e encorajadores estabelecendo-se a anestesia peridural como uma revolucionária opçäo anestésica em cirurgias cardiovasculares


Assuntos
Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Anestesia Epidural , Bupivacaína , Dor Pós-Operatória , Cirurgia Torácica , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 51(6): 447-50, dez. 1988.
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-2341

RESUMO

Analisou-se retrospectivamente 679 casos de cirurgia cardiovascular e torácica com uso ou näo de circulaçäo extracorpórea, realizadas sob anestesia peridural contínua utilizando-se de bupivacaína 0,25% sem adrenalina no espaço epidural T3 ou T4 após assepsia no local. As doses de fentanil utilizadas para bloqueio sensorial foi de 0,1 a 0,5 mg/kg/dose para adulto e 0,1 mg/kg/dose para criança tendo entretanto, sua quantidade diminuída pela anestesia peridural. Observou=se estabilidade cardiovascular elétrica e hemodinâmica, porcentagem baixa de pacientes com dor no pós-operatório, diminuindo a necessidade de drogas morfinomiméticas para analgesia proporcionando benefícios, importantes no trans e pós-operatório. As complicaçöes foram raras e de pequena expressäo sendo mais relacionadas ao manejo do procedimento como no caso de punçäo intra-tecal ou de desencadeamento de crise convulsiva generalizada. Com base nesse estudo concluiu-se que os resultados säo excelentes e encorajadores estabelecendo-se a anestesia peridural como uma revolucionária opçäo anestésica em cirurgias cardiovasculares (AU)


Assuntos
Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudo Comparativo , Anestesia Epidural , Cirurgia Torácica , Bupivacaína , Dor Pós-Operatória , Estudos Retrospectivos
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