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1.
J Vasc Surg ; 66(6): 1826-1835.e1, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28807383

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Predicting cardiac events is essential to provide patients with the best medical care and to assess the risk-benefit ratio of surgical procedures. The aim of our study was to evaluate the performance of the Revised Cardiac Risk Index (Lee) and the Vascular Study Group of New England Cardiac Risk Index (VSG) scores for the prediction of major cardiac events in unselected patients undergoing arterial surgery and to determine whether the inclusion of additional risk factors improved their accuracy. METHODS: The study prospectively enrolled 954 consecutive patients undergoing arterial vascular surgery, and the Lee and VSG scores were calculated. Receiver operating characteristic curves for each cardiac risk score were constructed and the areas under the curve (AUCs) compared. Two logistic regression models were done to determine new variables related to the occurrence of major cardiac events (myocardial infarction, heart failure, arrhythmias, and cardiac arrest). RESULTS: Cardiac events occurred in 120 (12.6%) patients. Both scores underestimated the rate of cardiac events across all risk strata. The VSG score had AUC of 0.63 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.58-0.68), which was higher than the AUC of the Lee score (0.58; 95% CI, 0.52-0.63; P = .03). Addition of preoperative anemia significantly improved the accuracy of the Lee score to an AUC of 0.61 (95% CI, 0.58-0.67; P = .002) but not that of the VSG score. CONCLUSIONS: The Lee and VSG scores have low accuracy and underestimate the risk of major perioperative cardiac events in unselected patients undergoing vascular surgery. The Lee score's accuracy can be increased by adding preoperative anemia. Underestimation of major cardiac complications may lead to incorrect risk-benefit assessments regarding the planned operation.


Assuntos
Artérias/cirurgia , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Brasil , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Suíça , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Thromb Haemost ; 117(7): 1317-1325, 2017 06 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28424821

RESUMO

Randomised controlled trials have provided important information on the efficacy and safety of the non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE), leading to registration and increasing use in clinical practice. Many questions remain to be answered, and observational studies are often more suitable for answering "real-world" questions than randomised controlled trials. Patient satisfaction, quality of life, and adherence and persistence in clinical practice with the drug regimen can only be assessed with an open-label design. Evaluation of risk for long-term sequelae of the disease requires much longer follow-up than is possible in registration trials. Treatment patterns and utilisation of health care resources can be assessed from observations in the clinical practice setting. We will review published as well as currently active observational studies with NOACs in VTE, with or without a comparator anticoagulant. These studies are based on cohorts of different sizes, registries, or administrative health care databases. We will also discuss some limitations in analysis and interpretation of observational studies.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados de Produtos Farmacêuticos , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Satisfação do Paciente , Vigilância de Produtos Comercializados , Qualidade de Vida , Sistema de Registros , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores
3.
Thromb Haemost ; 117(2): 415-421, 2017 01 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27853808

RESUMO

The therapeutic management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is rapidly evolving. Following the positive results of pivotal large-scale randomised trials, the non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) represent an important alternative to standard anticoagulation. In phase III studies, dabigatran was as effective as, and significantly safer than warfarin. Additional information on real-world data of dabigatran is now warranted. RE-COVERY DVT/PE is a multi-centre, international, observational (i. e. non-interventional) study enrolling patients with acute DVT and/or PE within 30 days after objective diagnosis. The study is designed with two phases. Phase 1 has a cross-sectional design, enrolling approximately 6000 patients independently of treatment choice, with the aim of providing a contemporary picture of the management of VTE worldwide. Phase 2 has a prospective cohort design, with follow-up of one year, enrolling 8000 patients treated with dabigatran or vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) with the aim of comparing their safety, defined by the occurrence of major bleeding, and effectiveness, defined by the occurrence of symptomatic recurrent VTE. RE-COVERY DVT/PE will complement both the results of other observational studies in this field and the results of phase III studies with dabigatran, in particular by assessing its clinical benefit in various patient subgroups treated in routine clinical practice.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Antitrombinas/uso terapêutico , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Dabigatrana/uso terapêutico , Embolia Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Aguda , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Antitrombinas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Dabigatrana/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Embolia Pulmonar/sangue , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Tromboembolia Venosa/sangue , Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/sangue , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores
4.
Vascular ; 23(4): 411-8, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25248385

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms referred to a tertiary center and to compare with individuals with abdominal aortic aneurysm found at necropsy. METHODS: We have retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 556 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm and 102 cases abdominal aortic aneurysm found at necropsy. RESULTS: At univariated analysis, hypertension, tobacco use and maximum diameter were significant risk factors for symptomatic aneurysm, while diabetes tended to be a protective factor for rupture. By logistic regression analysis, the largest transverse diameter was the only one significantly associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture (p < .0001, odds ratio 1.7, 95% confidence interval 1.481-1.951). Intact abdominal aortic aneurysm found at necropsy showed similarities with outpatients in relation to abdominal aortic aneurysm diameter and risk factors. CONCLUSION: Intact abdominal aortic aneurysm at necropsy and at outpatients setting showed similarities that confirmed that abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is less offered to women, and they died more frequently with intact abdominal aortic aneurysm from other causes.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/patologia , Ruptura Aórtica/patologia , Autopsia , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/etiologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/terapia , Ruptura Aórtica/etiologia , Ruptura Aórtica/mortalidade , Ruptura Aórtica/terapia , Brasil , Causas de Morte , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Registros Médicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Prognóstico , Fatores de Proteção , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
5.
Angiology ; 60(1): 99-103, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18504268

RESUMO

The incidence of bilateral deep venous thrombosis in patients with single limb or bilateral symptoms was determined using duplex scan examination. In a prospective study, 157 inpatients with clinical suspicion of deep venous thrombosis underwent duplex scan evaluation of the lower extremities. Demographic characteristics, physical examination data, and risk factor information were collected. In all, 57 (36.3%) patients evaluated presented echographic evidence of acute deep venous thrombosis. Forty-six individuals presented unilateral thrombosis, and 11 patients presented bilateral disease (19.3% of all thrombosis, 7.0% of all patients). Sensitivity and specificity of clinical examination in identifying bilateral thrombosis was 27.2% and 93.3%, respectively. For the risk factors evaluated, active human immunodeficiency virus disease and iliofemoral thrombosis presented an increased risk for bilateral thrombosis (P = .045 and P = .049, respectively). The high incidence of bilateral deep venous thrombosis justifies bilateral duplex scan examination. Active human immunodeficiency virus disease and proximal thrombosis were risk factors for bilateral disease.


Assuntos
Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia Doppler Dupla , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia
6.
J Vasc Surg ; 47(1): 197-200, 2008 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18178474

RESUMO

Acute ischemia due to spontaneous dissections of the superior mesenteric artery are uncommon events, with sporadic reports. Therapeutic options include clinical management, direct artery repair, bowel resection, and more recently, endovascular stenting. We present a case of abdominal pain due to superior mesenteric artery spontaneous isolated dissection treated with stent placement and with a favorable 31-month follow-up period.


Assuntos
Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Aneurisma Dissecante/terapia , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Oclusão Vascular Mesentérica/complicações , Stents , Dor Abdominal/patologia , Dor Abdominal/prevenção & controle , Aneurisma Dissecante/complicações , Aneurisma Dissecante/patologia , Angiografia Digital , Humanos , Masculino , Artéria Mesentérica Superior , Oclusão Vascular Mesentérica/etiologia , Oclusão Vascular Mesentérica/patologia , Oclusão Vascular Mesentérica/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler Dupla
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