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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(10)2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068879

RESUMO

The redox chemistry of copper(II) is strongly modulated by the coordination to amyloid-ß peptides and by the stability of the resulting complexes. Amino-terminal copper and nickel binding motifs (ATCUN) identified in truncated Aß sequences starting with Phe4 show very high affinity for copper(II) ions. Herein, we study the oxidase activity of [Cu-Aß4-x] and [Cu-Aß1-x] complexes toward dopamine and other catechols. The results show that the CuII-ATCUN site is not redox-inert; the reduction of the metal is induced by coordination of catechol to the metal and occurs through an inner sphere reaction. The generation of a ternary [CuII-Aß-catechol] species determines the efficiency of the oxidation, although the reaction rate is ruled by reoxidation of the CuI complex. In addition to the N-terminal coordination site, the two vicinal histidines, His13 and His14, provide a second Cu-binding motif. Catechol oxidation studies together with structural insight from the mixed dinuclear complexes Ni/Cu-Aß4-x reveal that the His-tandem is able to bind CuII ions independently of the ATCUN site, but the N-terminal metal complexation reduces the conformational mobility of the peptide chain, preventing the binding and oxidative reactivity toward catechol of CuII bound to the secondary site.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Complexos de Coordenação/metabolismo , Cobre/metabolismo , Dopamina/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cobre/química , Dopamina/química , Histidina/química , Histidina/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Oxirredução , Oxirredutases/química
2.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 10(6)2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34064062

RESUMO

Neuromelanin (NM) accumulates in catecholamine long-lived brain neurons that are lost in neurodegenerative diseases. NM is a complex substance made of melanic, peptide and lipid components. NM formation is a natural protective process since toxic endogenous metabolites are removed during its formation and as it binds excess metals and xenobiotics. However, disturbances of NM synthesis and function could be toxic. Here, we review recent knowledge on NM formation, toxic mechanisms involving NM, go over NM binding substances and suggest experimental models that can help identifying xenobiotic modulators of NM formation or function. Given the high likelihood of a central NM role in age-related human neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's, resembling such diseases using animal models that do not form NM to a high degree, e.g., mice or rats, may not be optimal. Rather, use of animal models (i.e., sheep and goats) that better resemble human brain aging in terms of NM formation, as well as using human NM forming stem cellbased in vitro (e.g., mid-brain organoids) models can be more suitable. Toxicants could also be identified during chemical synthesis of NM in the test tube.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 60(2): 606-613, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33405903

RESUMO

Interaction of copper ions with Aß peptides alters the redox activity of the metal ion and can be associated with neurodegeneration. Many studies deal with the characterization of the copper binding mode responsible for the reactivity. Oxidation experiments of dopamine and related catechols by copper(II) complexes with the N-terminal amyloid-ß peptides Aß16 and Aß9, and the Aß16[H6A] and Aß16[H13A] mutant forms, both in their free amine and N-acetylated forms show that efficient reactivity requires the oxygenation of a CuI-bis(imidazole) complex with a bound substrate. Therefore, the active intermediate for catechol oxidation differs from the proposed "in-between state" for the catalytic oxidation of ascorbate. During the catechol oxidation process, hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion are formed but give only a minor contribution to the reaction.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Catecol Oxidase/metabolismo , Complexos de Coordenação/metabolismo , Cobre/metabolismo , Imidazóis/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/síntese química , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Biocatálise , Catecol Oxidase/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cobre/química , Imidazóis/química , Cinética , Estrutura Molecular , Oxirredução
4.
J Chem Phys ; 154(1): 014501, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412881

RESUMO

The nature of bosonic excitations in disordered materials has remained elusive due to the difficulties in defining key concepts such as quasi-particles in the presence of disorder. We report on an experimental observation of phonon-polaritons in glasses, including a prominent boson peak (BP), i.e., excess of THz modes over the Debye law. A theoretical framework based on the concept of diffusons is developed to describe the broadening linewidth of the polariton due to disorder-induced scattering. It is shown here for the first time that the BP frequency and the Ioffe-Regel (IR) crossover frequency of the polariton collapse onto the same power-law decay with the diffusivity of the bosonic excitation. This analysis dismisses the hypothesis of the BP being caused by a relic of the van Hove singularity. The presented framework establishes a new methodology to analyze bosonic excitations in amorphous media, well beyond the traditional case of acoustic phonons, and establishes the IR crossover as the fundamental physical mechanism behind the BP.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440364

RESUMO

Historically, the soft mode theory of ferroelectric phase transitions has been developed for the high-temperature (paraelectric) phase, where the phonon mode softens upon decreasing the temperature. In the low-temperature ferroelectric phase, a similar phonon softening occurs, also leading to a bosonic condensation of the frozen-in mode at the transition, but in this case the phonon softening occurs upon increasing the temperature. Here we present a soft mode theory of ferroelectric and displacive phase transitions by describing what happens in the low-temperature phase in terms of phonon softening and instability. A new derivation of the generalized Lyddane-Sachs-Teller (LST) relation for materials with strong anharmonic phonon damping is also presented which leads to the expression $\varepsilon_{0}/\varepsilon_{\infty}=|\omega_{LO}|^{2}/|\omega_{TO}|^{2}$. The theory provides a microscopic expression for $T_c$ as a function of physical parameters, including the mode specific Gr\"uneisen parameter. The theory also shows that $\omega_{TO} \sim (T_{c}-T)^{1/2}$, and again specifies the prefactors in terms of Gr\"uneisen parameter and fundamental physical constants. Using the generalized LST relation, the softening of the TO mode leads to the divergence of $\epsilon_0$ and to a polarization catastrophe at $T_c$. A quantitative microscopic form of the Curie-Weiss law is derived with prefactors that depend on microscopic physical parameters.

6.
Molecules ; 25(21)2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143109

RESUMO

The peroxidase activity of hemin-peptide complexes remains a potential factor in oxidative damage relevant to neurodegeneration. Here, we present the effect of temperature, ionic strength, and pH relevant to pathophysiological conditions on the dynamic equilibrium between high-spin and low-spin hemin-Aß40 constructs. This influence on peroxidase activity was also demonstrated using 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) and dopamine (DA) oxidation rate analyses with increasing ratios of Aß16 and Aß40 (up to 100 equivalents). Interaction and reactivity studies of aggregated Aß40-hemin revealed enhanced peroxidase activity versus hemin alone. Comparison of the results obtained using Aß16 and Aß40 amyloid beta peptides revealed marked differences and provide insight into the potential effects of hemin-Aß on neurological disease progression.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Benzotiazóis/química , Dopamina/química , Hemina/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Peroxidases/química , Ácidos Sulfônicos/química , Humanos , Oxirredução
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(20)2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066163

RESUMO

We investigate the interaction of hemin with four fragments of prion protein (PrP) containing from one to four histidines (PrP106-114, PrP95-114, PrP84-114, PrP76-114) for its potential relevance to prion diseases and possibly traumatic brain injury. The binding properties of hemin-PrP complexes have been evaluated by UV-visible spectrophotometric titration. PrP peptides form a 1:1 adduct with hemin with affinity that increases with the number of histidines and length of the peptide; the following log K1 binding constants have been calculated: 6.48 for PrP76-114, 6.1 for PrP84-114, 4.80 for PrP95-114, whereas for PrP106-114, the interaction is too weak to allow a reliable binding constant calculation. These constants are similar to that of amyloid-ß (Aß) for hemin, and similarly to hemin-Aß, PrP peptides tend to form a six-coordinated low-spin complex. However, the concomitant aggregation of PrP induced by hemin prevents calculation of the K2 binding constant. The turbidimetry analysis of [hemin-PrP76-114] shows that, once aggregated, this complex is scarcely soluble and undergoes precipitation. Finally, a detailed study of the peroxidase-like activity of [hemin-(PrP)] shows a moderate increase of the reactivity with respect to free hemin, but considering the activity over long time, as for neurodegenerative pathologies, it might contribute to neuronal oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Hemina/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Proteínas Priônicas/química , Sítios de Ligação , Oxirredução , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Polimerização , Ligação Proteica
8.
Chem ; 6(3): 703-724, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201749

RESUMO

The complex etiology of neurodegeneration continues to stifle efforts to develop effective therapeutics. New agents elucidating key pathways causing neurodegeneration might serve to increase our understanding and potentially lead to improved treatments. Here, we demonstrate that a water-soluble manganese(II) texaphyrin (MMn) is a suitable magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent for detecting larger amyloid beta constructs. The imaging potential of MMn was inferred on the basis of in vitro studies and in vivo detection in Alzheimer's disease C. elegans models via MRI and ICP-MS. In vitro antioxidant- and cellular-based assays provide support for the notion that this porphyrin analog shows promise as a therapeutic agent able to mitigate the oxidative and nitrative toxic effects considered causal in neurodegeneration. The present report marks the first elaboration of an MRI-active metalloantioxidant that confers diagnostic and therapeutic benefit in Alzheimer's disease models without conjugation of a radioisotope, targeting moiety, or therapeutic payload.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 59(1): 274-286, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820933

RESUMO

Tau protein is present in significant amounts in neurons, where it contributes to the stabilization of microtubules. Insoluble neurofibrillary tangles of tau are associated with several neurological disorders known as tauopathies, among which is Alzheimer's disease. In neurons, tau binds tubulin through its microtubule binding domain which comprises four imperfect repeats (R1-R4). The histidine residues contained in these fragments are potential binding sites for metal ions and are located close to the regions that drive the formation of amyloid aggregates of tau. In this study, we present a detailed characterization through potentiometric and spectroscopic methods of the binding of copper in both oxidation states to R1 and R3 peptides, which contain one and two histidine residues, respectively. We also evaluate how the redox cycling of copper bound to tau peptides can mediate oxidation that can potentially target exogenous substrates such as neuronal catecholamines. The resulting quinone oxidation products undergo oligomerization and can competitively give post-translational peptide modifications yielding catechol adducts at amino acid residues. The presence of His-His tandem in the R3 peptide strongly influences both the binding of copper and the reactivity of the resulting copper complex. In particular, the presence of the two adjacent histidines makes the copper(I) binding to R3 much stronger than in R1. The copper-R3 complex is also much more active than the copper-R1 complex in promoting oxidative reactions, indicating that the two neighboring histidines activate copper as a catalyst in molecular oxygen activation reactions.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cobre/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Proteínas tau/química , Sítios de Ligação , Humanos , Conformação Molecular
10.
Inorg Chem ; 59(1): 900-912, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31869218

RESUMO

The combination between dyshomeostatic levels of catecholamine neurotransmitters and redox-active metals such as copper and iron exacerbates the oxidative stress condition that typically affects neurodegenerative diseases. We report a comparative study of the oxidative reactivity of copper complexes with amyloid-ß (Aß40) and the prion peptide fragment 76-114 (PrP76-114), containing the high-affinity binding site, toward dopamine and 4-methylcatechol, in aqueous buffer and in sodium dodecyl sulfate micelles, as a model membrane environment. The competitive oxidative and covalent modifications undergone by the peptides were also evaluated. The high binding affinity of Cu/peptide to micelles and lipid membranes leads to a strong reduction (Aß40) and quenching (PrP76-114) of the oxidative efficiency of the binary complexes and to a stabilization and redox silencing of the ternary complex CuII/Aß40/PrP76-114, which is highly reactive in solution. The results improve our understanding of the pathological and protective effects associated with these complexes, depending on the physiological environment.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Cobre/química , Dopamina/química , Príons/química , Dodecilsulfato de Sódio/química , Sítios de Ligação , Humanos , Micelas , Conformação Molecular , Solubilidade
12.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 10(8): 3731-3739, 2019 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298828

RESUMO

The neurotoxic activity of the tryptophan metabolite 3-hydroxykynurenine (3OHKyn) in neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, is related to oxidative stress and 3OHKyn interaction with cellular proteins. The pattern of protein modification induced by 3OHKyn involves the nucleophilic side chains of Cys, His, and Lys residues, similarly to the one promoted by dopamine and other catecholamines. In the present work, we have analyzed the reactivity of 3OHKyn toward the neuronal targets α-synuclein (and its N-terminal fragments 1-6 and 1-15) and amyloid-ß peptides (1-16 and 1-28) and characterized the resulting conjugates through spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) and spectroscopic (UV-vis, fluorescence, NMR) techniques. The amino acid residues of α-synuclein and amyloid-ß peptides involved in derivatizations by 3OHKyn and its autoxidation products (belonging to the xanthommatin family) are Lys and His, respectively. The pattern of protein modification is expanded in the conjugates obtained in the presence of the metal ions copper(II) or iron(III), reflecting a more oxidizing environment that in addition to adducts with protein/peptide residues also favors the fragmentation of the protein. These results open the perspective to using the 3OHKyn-protein/peptide synthetic conjugates to explore their competence to activate microglia cell cultures as well as to unravel their role in neuroinflammatory conditions.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Cinurenina/análogos & derivados , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , alfa-Sinucleína/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Cromatografia Líquida , Humanos , Cinurenina/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Neurônios/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
13.
Inorg Chem ; 58(14): 8995-9003, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247811

RESUMO

Recently, we reported on a series of aminomethylene-phosphonate (AMP) analogues, bearing one or two heterocyclic groups on the aminomethylene moiety, as promising Zn(II) chelators. Given the strong Zn(II) binding properties of these compounds, they may find useful applications in metal chelation therapy. With a goal of inhibiting the devastating oxidative damage caused by prion protein in prion diseases, we explored the most promising ligand, {bis[(1H-imidazol-4-yl)methyl]amino}methylphosphonic acid, AMP-(Im)2, 4, as an inhibitor of the oxidative reactivity associated with the Cu(II) complex of prion peptide fragment 84-114. Specifically, we first characterized the Cu(II) complex with AMP-(Im)2 by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy and electrochemical measurements that indicated the high chemical and electrochemical stability of the complex. Potentiometric pH titration provided evidence of the formation of a stable 1:1 [Cu(II)-AMP-(Im)2]+ complex (ML), with successive binding of a second AMP-(Im)2 molecule yielding ML2 complex [Cu(II)-(AMP-(Im)2)2]+ (log K' = 15.55), and log ß' = 19.84 for ML2 complex. The CuN3O1 ML complex was demonstrated by X-ray crystallography, indicating the thermodynamically stable square pyramidal complex. Chelation of Cu(II) by 4 significantly reduced the oxidation potential of the former. CuCl2 and the 1:2 Cu:AMP-(Im)2 complex showed one-electron redox of Cu(II)/Cu(I) at 0.13 and -0.35 V, respectively. Indeed, 4 was found to be a potent antioxidant that at a 1:1:1 AMP-(Im)2:Cu(II)-PrP84-114 molar ratio almost totally inhibited the oxidation reaction of 4-methylcatechol. Circular dichroism data suggest that this antioxidant activity is due to formation of a ternary, redox inactive Cu(II)-Prp84-114-[AMP-(Im)2] complex. Future studies in prion disease animal models are warranted to assess the potential of 4 to inhibit the devastating oxidative damage caused by PrP.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Isoxazóis/química , Príons/química , Tetrazóis/química , Modelos Moleculares , Oxirredução , Conformação Proteica
14.
Inorg Chem ; 58(11): 7335-7344, 2019 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091087

RESUMO

The aim of mimicking enzyme activity represents an important motivation for the development of new catalysts. A challenging objective is the development of chiral complexes for bioinspired enantioselective oxidation reactions. Herein, we report a new chiral dinuclear copper(II) complex based on a m-xylyl-bis(histidine) ligand (mXHI) as a biomimetic catalyst for tyrosinase and catechol oxidase. The new ligand improves a previous system also containing two tridentate N3 units derived from l-histidine that were connected by a short, rigid ethanediamine bridge. In mXHI the bridge is provided by the more extended m-xylyl moiety. The dicopper(II) complex [Cu2(mXHI)]4+ was studied as a catalyst for stereoselective oxidations of enantiomeric couples of chiral catechols of biological interest (L/D-dopa, L/D-dopa methyl ester, and ( R/ S)-norepinephrine), showing excellent discrimination capability, particularly for the methyl esters of dopa enantiomers. The catechol oxidation was studied in acetate buffer as slightly acidic medium, and a role of acetate as bridging ligand between the two coppers, preorganizing the dinuclear center in a more catalytic efficient structure, could be established. The oxidation of ß-naphthol and 3,5-ditertbutylphenol was studied as a model monophenolase reaction. The oxidation proceeds stoichiometrically, and the partial incorporation of 18O into ß-naphthol when the reaction was performed using 18O2 suggests the existence of two competitive reaction pathways, a genuine monooxygenase mechanism and a radical pathway. However, the more challenging reaction on derivatives of l-/d-tyrosine did not lead to the desired monooxygenase product but only to products of radical oxidation. Complex [Cu2(mXHI)]4+ was also used for the catalytic sulfoxidation of thioanisole in the presence of hydroxylamine as cosubstrate, in a preliminary attempt to model the reaction of external monooxygenases. The reaction proceeds with 25 turnovers, but the enantiomeric excess of sulfoxide was modest.

15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(20): 6512-6527, 2019 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30536578

RESUMO

Dopamine (DA) is the most important catecholamine in the brain, as it is the most abundant and the precursor of other neurotransmitters. Degeneration of nigrostriatal neurons of substantia nigra pars compacta in Parkinson's disease represents the best-studied link between DA neurotransmission and neuropathology. Catecholamines are reactive molecules that are handled through complex control and transport systems. Under normal conditions, small amounts of cytosolic DA are converted to neuromelanin in a stepwise process involving melanization of peptides and proteins. However, excessive cytosolic or extraneuronal DA can give rise to nonselective protein modifications. These reactions involve DA oxidation to quinone species and depend on the presence of redox-active transition metal ions such as iron and copper. Other oxidized DA metabolites likely participate in post-translational protein modification. Thus, protein-quinone modification is a heterogeneous process involving multiple DA-derived residues that produce structural and conformational changes of proteins and can lead to aggregation and inactivation of the modified proteins.


Assuntos
Dopamina/uso terapêutico , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Quinonas/uso terapêutico , Dopamina/farmacologia , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo , Quinonas/farmacologia
16.
NPJ Parkinsons Dis ; 4: 17, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29900402

RESUMO

During aging, neuronal organelles filled with neuromelanin (a dark-brown pigment) and lipid bodies accumulate in the brain, particularly in the substantia nigra, a region targeted in Parkinson's disease. We have investigated protein and lipid systems involved in the formation of these organelles and in the synthesis of the neuromelanin of human substantia nigra. Membrane and matrix proteins characteristic of lysosomes were found in neuromelanin-containing organelles at a lower number than in typical lysosomes, indicating a reduced enzymatic activity and likely impaired capacity for lysosomal and autophagosomal fusion. The presence of proteins involved in lipid transport may explain the accumulation of lipid bodies in the organelle and the lipid component in neuromelanin structure. The major lipids observed in lipid bodies of the organelle are dolichols with lower amounts of other lipids. Proteins of aggregation and degradation pathways were present, suggesting a role for accumulation by this organelle when the ubiquitin-proteasome system is inadequate. The presence of proteins associated with aging and storage diseases may reflect impaired autophagic degradation or impaired function of lysosomal enzymes. The identification of typical autophagy proteins and double membranes demonstrates the organelle's autophagic nature and indicates that it has engulfed neuromelanin precursors from the cytosol. Based on these data, it appears that the neuromelanin-containing organelle has a very slow turnover during the life of a neuron and represents an intracellular compartment of final destination for numerous molecules not degraded by other systems.

17.
NPJ Parkinsons Dis ; 4: 11, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29644335

RESUMO

The diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) occurs after pathogenesis is advanced and many substantia nigra (SN) dopamine neurons have already died. Now that therapies to block this neuronal loss are under development, it is imperative that the disease be diagnosed at earlier stages and that the response to therapies is monitored. Recent studies suggest this can be accomplished by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) detection of neuromelanin (NM), the characteristic pigment of SN dopaminergic, and locus coeruleus (LC) noradrenergic neurons. NM is an autophagic product synthesized via oxidation of catecholamines and subsequent reactions, and in the SN and LC it increases linearly during normal aging. In PD, however, the pigment is lost when SN and LC neurons die. As shown nearly 25 years ago by Zecca and colleagues, NM's avid binding of iron provides a paramagnetic source to enable electron and nuclear magnetic resonance detection, and thus a means for safe and noninvasive measure in living human brain. Recent technical improvements now provide a means for MRI to differentiate between PD patients and age-matched healthy controls, and should be able to identify changes in SN NM with age in individuals. We discuss how MRI detects NM and how this approach might be improved. We suggest that MRI of NM can be used to confirm PD diagnosis and monitor disease progression. We recommend that for subjects at risk for PD, and perhaps generally for older people, that MRI sequences performed at regular intervals can provide a pre-clinical means to detect presymptomatic PD.

18.
Oncotarget ; 9(17): 13353-13365, 2018 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29568362

RESUMO

Nitric oxide (NO) exerts conflicting effect on tumor growth and progression, depending on its concentration. We aimed to characterize the anti-cancer activity of a new NO donor, Ni(SalPipNONO) belonging to the class of metal-nonoates, in epithelial derived tumor cells, finally exploring its antiangiogenic properties. Tumor epithelial cells were screened to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of Ni(SalPipNONO), which was able to inhibit cell proliferation in a dose dependent manner, being more effective than the commercial DETA/NO. The human lung carcinoma cells A549 were chosen as model to study the anti-cancer mechanisms exerted by the compound. In these cells, Ni(SalPipNONO) inhibited clonogenicity and cell invasion, while promoting apoptosis. The antitumor activity was partly due to NO-cGMP dependent pathway, contributing to reduced cell number and apoptosis, and partly to the salicylaldehyde moiety and reactive oxygen species (ROS) activated ERK1/2 signaling converging on p53 dependent caspase-3 cleavage. An additional contribution by downstream cycloxygenase-2 (COX-2) derived cyclopentenones may explain the tumor inhibitory activities. As NO has been described to affect tumor angiogenesis, we checked this activity both on tumor and endothelial cell co-cultures and in Matrigel in vivo assay. Our data document that Ni(SalPipNONO) was able to both reduce angiogenic factor expression by tumor cells acting on hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1 α) level, and endothelial cell functions related to angiogenesis. Collectively, these data confirm the potential use of NO donors and in particular Ni(SalPipNONO) acting through multiple mechanisms, as an agent to be further developed to be used alone or in combination with conventional therapy.

19.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 152: 143-152, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29588193

RESUMO

Nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) are now recognized as gaseous transmitters with many cardiovascular protective properties. The present study concerns the possibility that NO donors can also function through endogenous activation of NO and H2S pathways. Based on the previous characterization of a novel metal-nonoate, Ni(PipNONO)Cl, our aim was: 1) to study the effects of a zinc based compound, Zn(PipNONO)Cl, on vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells, and 2) to assess the role and interplay between endogenous NO and H2S promoted by the nonoate. Zn(PipNONO)Cl completely reproduced the vasodilation elicited by Ni(PipNONO)Cl. In the presence of endothelium, preincubation with Zn(PipNONO)Cl sensitized the intima to acetylcholine-induced vasodilation. When tested on cultured endothelial cells, Zn(PipNONO)Cl prompted PI-3K/Akt- and MAPK/ERK1/2-mediated survival. Nitrite levels indicated fast NO release (due to the molecule) and delayed (1-6 h) NO production linked to PI-3K/Akt-dependent eNOS activation. In the same time frame (1-6 h), significant CSE-dependent H2S levels were detected in response to Zn(PipNONO)Cl. The mechanisms responsible for H2S increase seemed to depend on the NONO moiety/sGC/cGMP pathway and zinc-associated ROS production. Our results indicate that endogenous H2S and NO were produced after fast NO release from Zn(PipNONO)Cl, contributing to the vascular endothelium protective effect. The effect was partially reproduced on smooth muscle cells, where Zn(PipNONO)Cl inhibited cell proliferation and migration. In conclusion, vasorelaxant effects, with complementary activities on endothelium and smooth muscle cells, are elicited by the novel metal-nonoate Zn(PipNONO)Cl.


Assuntos
Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Doadores de Óxido Nítrico/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Compostos de Zinco/farmacologia , Animais , Aorta/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Coelhos , Vasodilatação
20.
Inorg Chem ; 56(18): 11317-11325, 2017 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28846410

RESUMO

Copper(II) binding to prion peptides does not prevent Cu redox cycling and formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the presence of reducing agents. The toxic effects of these species are exacerbated in the presence of catecholamines, indicating that dysfunction of catecholamine vesicular sequestration or recovery after synaptic release is a dangerous amplifier of Cu induced oxidative stress. Cu bound to prion peptides including the high affinity site involving histidines adjacent to the octarepeats exhibits marked catalytic activity toward dopamine and 4-methylcatechol. The resulting quinone oxidation products undergo parallel oligomerization and endogenous peptide modification yielding catechol adducts at the histidine binding ligands. These modifications add to the more common oxidation of Met and His residues produced by ROS. Derivatization of Cu-prion peptides is much faster than that undergone by Cu-ß-amyloid and Cu-α-synuclein complexes in the same conditions.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Estresse Oxidativo , Proteínas Priônicas/química , Catálise , Catecóis/química , Cobre/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Cinética , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
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