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1.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 101(6): 2202-8, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26912303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lack of a correlation between myocardial necrosis biomarkers and electrocardiographic abnormalities after revascularization procedures has resulted in a change in the myocardial infarction (MI) definition. METHODS: Patients with stable multivessel disease who underwent percutaneous or surgical revascularization were included. Electrocardiograms and concentrations of high-sensitive cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and creatine kinase (CK)-MB were assessed before and after procedures. Cardiac magnetic resonance and late gadolinium enhancement were performed before and after procedures. MI was defined as more than five times the 99th percentile upper reference limit for cTnI and 10 times for CK-MB in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), respectively, and new late gadolinium enhancement for cardiac magnetic resonance. RESULTS: Of the 202 patients studied, 69 (34.1%) underwent on-pump CABG, 67 (33.2%) off-pump CABG, and 66 (32.7%) PCI. The receiver operating characteristic curve showed the accuracy of cTnI for on-pump CABG, off-pump CABG, and PCI patients was 21.7%, 28.3%, and 52.4% and for CK-MB was 72.5%, 81.2%, and 90.5%, respectively. The specificity of cTnI was 3.6%, 9.4%, and 42.1% and of CK-MB was 73.2%, 86.8%, and 96.4%, respectively. Sensitivity of cTnI was 100%, 100%, and 100% and of CK-MB was 69.2%, 64.3%, and 44.4%, respectively. The best cutoff of cTnI for on-pump CABG, off-pump CABG, and PCI was 6.5 ng/mL, 4.5 ng/mL, and 4.5 ng/mL (162.5, 112.5, and 112.5 times the 99th percentile upper reference limit) and of CK-MB was 37.5 ng/mL, 22.5 ng/mL, and 11.5 ng/mL (8.5, 5.1, and 2.6 times the 99th percentile upper reference limit), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with cardiac magnetic resonance, CK-MB was more accurate than cTnI for diagnosing MI. These data suggest a higher troponin cutoff for the diagnosis of procedure-related MI.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida
2.
Pharmacogenomics ; 16(8): 865-76, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26050796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The main aims of the present study were to develop a pharmacogenetic-based warfarin dosing algorithm and to validate it in a highly admixed population. MATERIALS & METHODS: We included two patient cohorts treated with warfarin (first cohort, n = 832; and second cohort, n = 133). RESULTS: Our algorithm achieved a determination coefficient of 40% including the variables age, gender, weight, height, self-declared race, amiodarone use, enzyme inducers use, VKORC1 genotypes and predicted phenotypes according to CYP2C9 polymorphisms. CONCLUSION: Data suggest that our developed algorithm is more accurate than the IWPC algorithm when the application is focused on patients from the Brazilian population. Population-specific derivation and/or calibration of warfarin dosing algorithms may lead to improved performance compared with general use dosing algorithms currently available. Original submitted 26 November 2014; Revision submitted 9 April 2015.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Citocromo P-450 CYP2C9/genética , Vitamina K Epóxido Redutases/genética , Varfarina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Calibragem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Farmacogenética , Fenótipo
3.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 92(5): 372-80, 389-97, 404-12, 2009 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Mul | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19629294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cardiac troponins are highly sensitive and specific markers of myocardial injury. They have been detected in heart failure (HF) and are associated with a bad prognosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and its ranges with prognosis in decompensated HF. METHODS: A total of 70 patients with chronic HF worsening that needed hospitalization were studied. Cox model was used to evaluate the variables at admission capable of predicting the combined outcome that consisted of death or re-hospitalization due to HF worsening during a 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: During the follow-up, there were 44 deaths, 36 re-hospitalizations due to HF and 56 combined outcomes. At the multivariate analysis, the predictors of clinical events were the cTnT (cTnT > or = 0.100 ng/mL; hazard ratio [HR] 3.95 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.64-9.49, p = 0.002), left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVDD > or = 70 mm; HR 1.92, 95%CI: 1.06-3.47, p = 0.031) and serum sodium (Na < 135 mEq/L; HR 1.79, 95%CI: 1.02-3.15, p = 0.044). To evaluate the association between the cTnT increase and the prognosis in decompensated HF, the patients were stratified in three groups: low-cTnT (cTnT <0.020 ng/ml, n = 22), intermediate-cTnT (cTnT > 0.020 and < 0.100 ng/ml, n = 36), and high-cTnT (cTnT > or = 0.100 ng/ml, n = 12).The probabilities of survival and event-free survival were 54.2%, 31.5%, 16.7% (p = 0.020) and 36.4%, 11.5%, 8.3% (p = 0.005), respectively. CONCLUSION: The increase in cTnT is associated with a bad prognosis in decompensated HF and the degree of this increase can help the risk stratification.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Troponina T/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença Crônica , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 92(5): 404-412, maio 2009. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | LILACS | ID: lil-519931

RESUMO

Fundamento: As troponinas cardíacas são marcadores altamente sensíveis e específicos de lesão miocárdica. Esses marcadores foram detectados na insuficiência cardíaca (IC) e estão associadas com mau prognóstico. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação da troponina T (cTnT) e suas faixas de valores com o prognóstico na IC descompensada. Métodos: Estudaram-se 70 pacientes com piora da IC crônica que necessitaram de hospitalização. Na admissão, o modelo de Cox foi utilizado para avaliar as variáveis capazes de predizer o desfecho composto por morte ou re-hospitalização em razão de piora da IC durante um ano. Resultados: Durante o seguimento, ocorreram 44 mortes, 36 re-hospitalizações por IC e 56 desfechos compostos. Na análise multivariada, os preditores de eventos clínicos foram: cTnT (cTnT ≥ 0,100 ng/ml; hazard ratio (HR) 3,95 intervalo de confiança (IC) 95%: 1,64-9,49, p = 0,002), diâmetro diastólico final do ventrículo esquerdo (DDVE ≥70 mm; HR 1,92, IC95%: 1,06-3,47, p = 0,031) e sódio sérico (Na <135 mEq/l; HR 1,79, IC95%: 1,02-3,15, p = 0,044). Para avaliar a relação entre a elevação da cTnT e o prognóstico na IC descompensada, os pacientes foram estratificados em três grupos: cTnT-baixo (cTnT ≤ 0,020 ng/ml, n = 22), cTnT-intermediário (cTnT > 0,020 e < 0,100 ng/ml, n = 36) e cTnT-alto (cTnT ≥ 0,100 ng/ml, n = 12). As probabilidades de sobrevida e sobrevida livre de eventos foram: 54,2%, 31,5%, 16,7% (p = 0,020), e 36,4%, 11,5%, 8,3% (p = 0,005), respectivamente.Conclusão: A elevação da cTnT está associada com mau prognóstico na IC descompensada, e o grau dessa elevação pode facilitar a estratificação de risco.


Background: The cardiac troponins are highly sensitive and specific markers of myocardial injury. They have been detected in heart failure (HF) and are associated with a bad prognosis. Objective: To evaluate the association of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and its ranges with prognosis in decompensated HF. Methods: A total of 70 patients with chronic HF worsening that needed hospitalization were studied. Cox model was used to evaluate the variables at admission capable of predicting the combined outcome that consisted of death or re-hospitalization due to HF worsening during a 1-year follow-up.Results: During the follow-up, there were 44 deaths, 36 re-hospitalizations due to HF and 56 combined outcomes. At the multivariate analysis, the predictors of clinical events were the cTnT (cTnT ≥0.100 ng/mL; hazard ratio [HR] 3.95 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.64-9.49, p = 0.002), left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVDD ≥70 mm; HR 1.92, 95%CI: 1.06-3.47, p = 0.031) and serum sodium (Na <135 mEq/L; HR 1.79, 95%CI: 1.02-3.15, p = 0.044). To evaluate the association between the cTnT increase and the prognosis in decompensated HF, the patients were stratified in three groups: low-cTnT (cTnT ≤0.020 ng/ml, n = 22), intermediate-cTnT (cTnT >0.020 and <0.100 ng/ml, n = 36), and high-cTnT (cTnT ≥0.100 ng/ml, n = 12). The probabilities of survival and event-free survival were 54.2%, 31.5%, 16.7% (p = 0.020) and 36.4%, 11.5%, 8.3% (p = 0.005), respectively. Conclusion: The increase in cTnT is associated with a bad prognosis in decompensated HF and the degree of this increase can help the risk stratification.


Fundamento: Las troponinas cardíacas son marcadores altamente sensibles y específicos de lesión miocárdica. Se las detectaron en la insuficiencia cardiaca (IC) y están asociadas con mal pronóstico. Objetivo: Evaluar la relación de la troponina T (cTnT) y sus franjas de valores con el pronóstico en la IC descompensada. Métodos: Se estudiaron a 70 pacientes con empeoramiento de la IC crónica que necesitaron hospitalización. Al ingreso, se empleó el modelo de Cox para evaluar las variables capaces de predecir el desenlace conformado por muerte o rehospitalización en razón de empeoramiento de la IC durante un año.Resultados: Durante el seguimiento, ocurrieron 44 muertes, 36 rehospitalizaciones por IC y 56 desenlaces compuestos. En el análisis multivariado, los predictores de eventos clínicos fueron: cTnT (cTnT ≥ 0,100 ng/ml; hazard ratio (HR) 3,95 intervalo de confianza (IC) 95%: 1,64-9,49, p = 0,002), diámetro diastólico final del ventrículo izquierdo (DDVI ≥70 mm; HR 1,92, IC95%: 1,06-3,47, p = 0,031) y sodio sérico (Na <135 mEq/l; HR 1,79, IC95%: 1,02-3,15, p = 0,044). Para avaluar la relación entre la elevación de la cTnT y el pronóstico en la IC descompensada, se dividieron a los pacientes en tres grupos: cTnT-bajo (cTnT ≤ 0,020 ng/ml, n = 22), cTnT-intermediario (cTnT > 0,020 y < 0,100 ng/ml, n = 36) y cTnT-alto (cTnT ≥ 0,100 ng/ml, n = 12). Las probabilidades de sobrevida y sobrevida libre de eventos fueron: 54,2%, 31,5%, 16,7% (p = 0,020), y 36,4%, 11,5%, 8,3% (p = 0,005), respectivamente. Conclusão: La elevación de la cTnT está asociada con mal pronóstico en la IC descompensada, y el grado de esa elevación puede facilitar la estratificación de riesgo.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Troponina T/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença Crônica , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Prognóstico
5.
Am J Cardiol ; 101(3): 311-4, 2008 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18237591

RESUMO

Serum levels of troponin and heart-related fraction of creatine kinase (CK-MB) mass are used as diagnostic and prognostic criteria in myocardial infarction, but the relation between those levels and the necropsy-determined size of necrosis has not been tested in human beings. In this retrospective study, 1-cm-thick transverse sections of the ventricles were cut from the base to the apex in the necropsy hearts of 27 patients aged 47 to 86 years (mean 66, median 69; 19 men). Total and necrotic areas were measured using a computer-linked image analysis system. The weights of the necrotic areas were also calculated. The correlations of the areas and weights of necrotic myocardium with the highest serum values of CK-MB mass and troponin I, which had been quantified during life by chemiluminescence immunoassays, were verified by Pearson's test; results were considered significant at p

Assuntos
Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Troponina/sangue , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Necrose , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
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