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1.
Vasa ; 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543439

RESUMO

Background: The influence of diabetes mellitus (DM) on recurrent in-stent restenosis (ISR) of femoropopliteal arteries remains understudied. We investigated whether DM has an impact on recurrent restenosis after femoropopliteal stenting in patients included in the dRug-coatEd balloon angioPlasty for femoropopliteAl In-stent Restenosis (REPAIR) cooperation. Patients and methods: The REPAIR cooperation pooled the patient-level data from 3 randomized trials in which patients with ISR of femoropopliteal arteries received either drug-coated balloon (DCB) or plain balloon angioplasty. For this analysis, patients were divided in two groups based on whether they had or had not a DM diagnosis at the time of enrollment. The primary outcome was target lesion revascularization (TLR). The main secondary outcome was recurrent ISR. Other outcomes of interest were death, Rutherford class improvement and ankle-brachial index at follow-up. Results: 256 patients (DM, n=99 vs. non-DM, n=157) with 12-month follow-up were included in the analysis. Compared to non-DM patients, DM patients displayed no difference in terms of TLR [adjusted hazard ratio (95% Confidence intervals): 0.96 (0.55, 1.69), p=0.89] and recurrent ISR [1.04 (0.61, 1.77), p=0.88], whilst mortality was higher [9.38 (1.06, 83.11), p=0.044]. There were no differences between groups with respect to other secondary outcomes. The percutaneous treatment with DCB as compared to plain balloon angioplasty significantly reduced the risk of TLR and recurrent ISR without an excess risk of death irrespective of DM (p for interaction ≥0.70). Conclusions: In patients with femoropopliteal ISR, diabetes has a neutral effect on the risk of recurrence, but increases mortality at 12-month follow-up. DCB as compared to plain balloon angioplasty is associated with superior efficacy without trade-off in safety, regardless of diabetes.

2.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35437213

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The DECADE cooperation is a pooled analysis of individual patient data from drug-eluting stent (DES) trials with a 10-year follow-up. This analysis reports the risk of definite stent thrombosis (ST) through to 10 years after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients treated with early- and new-generation DES. METHODS: Individual patient data from 5 DES trials with a 10-year follow-up were pooled. The primary endpoint was definite ST up to 10 years after PCI. Patients were divided into 2 groups as per the generation of DES implanted (early and new DES). Individual participant data were analyzed using a 1-stage approach. RESULTS: We included 9700 patients, 6866 in the new DES group and 2834 in the early DES group. Through to 10 years, definite ST occurred in 69 of 6866 patients treated with new DES and in 91 of 2834 patients treated with early DES (1.0% vs 3.5%, adjusted hazard ratio, 0.32; 95%CI, 0.23-0.45). The rate of definite ST was lower in the new DES group than in the early DES group from 1 to 5 years (rate ratio, 0.14; 95%CI, 0.08-0.26) and from 5 to 10 years (rate ratio, 0.23; 95%CI, 0.08-0.61) after PCI. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of definite ST through to 10 years after PCI with new-generation DES was 1%. New-generation DES are associated with a lower 10-year incidence of definite ST than early-generation DES, particularly beyond 1 year after PCI.

3.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35476138

RESUMO

AIMS: Aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of increasing neointimal inhomogeneity and neoatherosclerosis as well as of treatment modality of in-stent restenosis (ISR) on the occurrence of periprocedural myocardial injury (PMI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with normal or stable/falling increased baseline high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-cTnT) undergoing intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) and subsequent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of ISR by means of drug-coated balloon (DCB) or drug-eluting stent (DES) were included. Overall, 128 patients were subdivided into low (n = 64) and high (n = 64) inhomogeneity groups, based on the median of distribution of non-homogeneous quadrants. No significant between-group differences were detected in terms of hs-cTnT changes (28.0 [12.0-65.8] vs. 25.5 [9.8-65.0] ng/L; p = 0.355), or the incidence of major PMI (31.2 vs. 31.2%; p = 1.000). Similarly, no differences were observed between DCB- and DES-treated groups in terms of hs-cTn changes (27.0 [10.0-64.0] vs. 28.0 [11.0-73.0] ng/L; p = 0.795), or the incidence of major PMI (28.9 vs. 35.6%; p = 0.566). Additionally, no significant interaction was present between optical neointimal characteristics and treatment modality in terms of changes in hs-cTnT (Pint = 0.432). No significant differences in PMI occurrence were observed between low and high neoatherosclerosis subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing PCI for ISR, there was no association between increasing neointimal inhomogeneity, or increasing expression of neoatherosclerotic changes and occurrence of PMI. PMI occurrence was not influenced by the treatment modality (DCB vs. DES) of ISR lesions, a finding that supports the safety of DCB treatment for ISR.

4.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 11(9): e023493, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35470682

RESUMO

Background Stent underexpansion has been known to be associated with worse outcomes. We sought to define optical coherence tomography assessed optimal stent expansion index (SEI), which associates with lower incidence of follow-up major adverse cardiac events (MACEs). Methods and Results A total of 315 patients (involving 370 lesions) who underwent optical coherence tomography-aided coronary stenting were retrospectively included. SEI was calculated separately for equal halves of each stented segment using minimum stent area/mean reference lumen area ([proximal reference area+distal reference area]/2). The smaller of the 2 was considered to be the SEI of that case. Follow-up MACE was defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and target lesion revascularization. Average minimum stent area was 6.02 (interquartile range, 4.65-7.92) mm2, while SEI was 0.79 (interquartile range, 0.71-0.86). Forty-seven (12.7%) incidences of MACE were recorded for 370 included lesions during a median follow-up duration of 557 (interquartile range, 323-1103) days. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis identified 0.85 as the best SEI cutoff (<0.85) to predict follow-up MACE (area under the curve, 0.60; sensitivity, 0.85; specificity, 0.34). MACE was observed in 40 of 260 (15.4%) lesions with SEI <0.85 and in 7 of 110 (6.4%) lesions with SEI ≥0.85 (P=0.02). Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression identified SEI <0.85 (odds ratio, 3.55; 95% CI, 1.40-9.05; P<0.01) and coronary calcification (odds ratio, 2.47; 95% CI, 1.00-6.10; P=0.05) as independent predictors of follow-up MACE. Conclusions The present study identified SEI <0.85, associated with increased incidence of MACE, as the optimal cutoff in daily practice. Along with suboptimal SEI (<0.85), coronary calcification was also found to be a significant predictor of follow-up MACE.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 34(4): E266-E273, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343914

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare 10-year clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) treated with new-generation biodegradable-polymer (BP-DES), polymer-free (PF-DES), and permanent-polymer drug-eluting stents (PPDES). METHODS: We analyzed 10-year clinical outcomes for 2042 patients with ACS enrolled in the ISAR-TEST 4 and ISAR-TEST 5 randomized controlled trials. Patients were divided into 3 groups: new-generation PP-DES, BP-DES, and PF-DES. Endpoints of interest included a device-oriented composite endpoint (DOCE) and a patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE) at 10 years. RESULTS: BP-DES as compared with PP-DES demonstrated a lower DOCE frequency, but this did not meet statistical significance (BP-DES vs PP-DES, 35.4% vs 41.5%, respectively; adjusted hazard ratio (HR), 0.83; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.68-1.00; P=.05). There was a significantly lower POCE frequency in patients treated with BP-DES compared with PP-DES (65.3% vs 69.0%, respectively; HR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.75-0.99; P=.04). The relative frequency of the DOCE (41.4% vs 41.5%; HR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.83-1.15; P=.76) and the POCE (66.8% vs 69.0%; HR, 0.99; 0.87-1.12; P=.82) were comparable in patients treated with PF-DES and PP-DES. CONCLUSION: In patients with ACS, BP-DES were associated with a lower relative frequency of a POCE compared with new-generation PP-DES at 10 years. The relative frequencies of both device- and patient-related outcomes were comparable in patients treated with PF-DES and PP-DES at 10 years.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Stents Farmacológicos , Implantes Absorvíveis , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Polímeros , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Coron Artery Dis ; 33(3): 213-221, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35102066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether bleeding and myocardial infarction (MI) improve the performance of risk prediction models for mortality in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains unknown. METHODS: This study included 3377 patients with ACS who underwent PCI in the setting of the ISAR-REACT 5 trial. Patients with bleeding, MI or those dying at 1 year after PCI were characterized in terms of baseline characteristics, risk estimates and C-statistic of the risk prediction models for these outcomes. RESULTS: Major bleeding (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium types 3-5), MI and mortality occurred in 195 patients (5.8%), 143 patients (4.3%) and 143 patients (4.3%), respectively. After adjustment, bleeding [hazard ratio = 5.08; 95% confidence interval (CI), 3.03-8.53; P < 0.001] and MI [hazard ratio = 5.90; 95% CI, (3.00-11.65); P < 0.001) remained independently associated with the risk for 1-year mortality. The C-statistic (with 95% CI) of the model for bleeding, MI and mortality was, 0.755 (0.722-0.786), 0.752 (0.717-0.789) and 0.868 (0.837-0.896), respectively. The inclusion of bleeding [C-statistic: 0.892 (0.867-0.913); delta C-statistic 0.024 (-0.014 to 0.065); P = 0.200] or MI [C-statistic: 0.878 (0.851-0.903); delta C-statistic 0.011 (-0.030 to 0.053); P = 0.635] in the risk prediction models for mortality alongside baseline demographical and clinical variables did not improve prediction for mortality. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ACS treated with PCI, mortality is the most accurately predicted outcome. Bleeding and MI did not improve risk discrimination for mortality when added in the risk prediction models for mortality suggesting that these outcomes do not provide incremental prognostic information on top of baseline demographical and clinical data.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35191982

RESUMO

AIMS: To assess whether the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor versus prasugrel in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are influenced by preadmission treatment with aspirin and/or clopidogrel. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients (n = 4018) were categorized into 2 groups: preadmission aspirin and/or clopidogrel group (n = 1455), and no preadmission aspirin or clopidogrel group (n = 2563). The primary endpoint was the composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke; the secondary safety endpoint was Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 3 to 5 bleeding, both at 1 year.Patients in the preadmission aspirin and/or clopidogrel group had a higher risk of ischemic events, but a similar risk of bleeding with patients in the no preadmission aspirin or clopidogrel group (cumulative incidences 10.5% vs. 6.7%, and 5.7% vs. 5.7%, respectively). The primary endpoint occurred in 81/717 patients assigned to ticagrelor and 69/738 patients assigned to prasugrel in the preadmission aspirin and/or clopidogrel group (11.5% vs. 9.5%; hazard ratio [HR] = 1.23; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.89-1.69), and in 103/1295 patients assigned to ticagrelor and 68/1268 patients assigned to prasugrel in the no preadmission aspirin or clopidogrel group (8.0% vs. 5.4%; HR = 1.50 [1.10-2.03]; Pint = 0.382). BARC type 3 to 5 bleeding events did not differ between ticagrelor and prasugrel in patients in the preadmission aspirin and/or clopidogrel (6.2% vs. 4.5%), or no preadmission aspirin or clopidogrel (5.3% vs. 5.1%) groups (Pint = 0.541). CONCLUSION: In patients with ACS, preadmission therapy with aspirin and/or clopidogrel has no influence on the relative efficacy and safety of ticagrelor and prasugrel.

8.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2022 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35147767

RESUMO

AIMS: To define the incidence of events related to the stented vessel (target vessel related events: TVRE) and events related to non-stented vessels (non-target vessel related events: NTVRE) through to 10-year follow-up in patients post-PCI with newer generation drug eluting stents (DES). METHODS AND RESULTS: The current study is a post-hoc analysis of patient level data from two randomised controlled trials in Germany. Patients older than 18 years with ischemic symptoms or evidence of myocardial ischemia in the presence of ≥ 50% de novo stenosis located in the native coronary vessels were considered eligible. The endpoints of interest were TVRE (a composite of first target vessel myocardial infarction or target vessel revascularization) and NTVRE (a composite of first non-target vessel MI or non-target vessel revascularization) through to 10 years post PCI. We included 4953 patients in this analysis. Through to 10-years post-PCI, TVRE occurred in 1238 of 4953 patients (cumulative incidence: 25.8%) and NTVRE occurred in 1442 of 4953 patients (cumulative incidence: 30.3%). The majority of TVRE and NTVRE were revascularization events. From 0 to 1 years, the cumulative incidence of TVRE was 15.9% and of NTVRE was 12.3%. From 1 to 10 years, the cumulative incidences of TVRE and NTVRE were 11.2% and 22.4%, respectively. CONCLUSION: At 10-year post-PCI with new generation drug eluting stents, events related to remote vessel disease progression account for a higher proportion of events than events related to the stented vessel. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISAR TEST 4 ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00598676. ISAR TEST 5 ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00598533.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35045943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether the access site influences the comparative efficacy and safety of ticagrelor and prasugrel in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing invasive treatment strategy remains unstudied. METHODS: This post-hoc analysis included ACS patients undergoing invasive treatment via radial or femoral access and randomized to either ticagrelor or prasugrel in the ISAR-REACT 5 trial. The primary efficacy endpoint was the composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke, safety endpoint was BARC 3 to 5 bleeding. Outcomes were assessed out to 12 months after randomization. RESULTS: Out of 4018 patients, 3984 underwent invasive treatment via radial or femoral access. 1479 had coronary angiography via radial access (ticagrelor, N = 748; prasugrel, N = 731) and 2505 via femoral access (ticagrelor, N = 1245; prasugrel, N = 1260). There was no interaction between access route and assignment to either ticagrelor or prasugrel regarding the primary efficacy or safety endpoints (P for interaction≥0.616). In the radial group, the primary efficacy endpoint (7.6% versus 5.8%, HR: 1.32 [0.88-1.97], P = 0.151) and the safety endpoint (4.3% versus 3.0%, HR: 1.36, [0.73-1.31], P = 0.300) were not statistically different in patients receiving either ticagrelor or prasugrel. In the femoral group, the primary efficacy endpoint occurred more frequently in patients assigned to ticagrelor as compared to prasugrel (10.3% versus 7.3%, HR: 1.44 [1.10-1.88], P = 0.006) without significant difference in terms of safety endpoint (6.4% versus 5.8%, HR: 1.14, [0.81-1.60], P = 0.470). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ACS undergoing an invasive treatment strategy, the access route does not influence the comparative efficacy and safety of ticagrelor and prasugrel. SUMMARY FOR THE ANNOTATED TABLE OF CONTENTS: The access route used during the invasive procedure did not significantly affect the relative efficacy of ticagrelor versus prasugrel in ACS patients enrolled in the ISAR-REACT 5 trial. There was also no significant difference in bleeding events between ticagrelor and prasugrel as a function of access route. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01944800.

10.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 111(1): 14-22, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33367949

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the clinical outcomes associated with an antithrombotic therapy with or without clopidogrel after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a study-level meta-analysis including all randomized trials investigating antithrombotic regimens after TAVR. The protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42020191036). We searched electronic scientific databases for eligible studies. The primary outcome was all-cause death. Main secondary outcome was major bleeding. Other outcomes were life-threatening (or disabling) bleeding, myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke. Six eligible trials randomly allocated 3056 TAVR patients to aspirin or oral anticoagulation (OAC) with clopidogrel (n = 1525) versus aspirin and/or OAC without clopidogrel (n = 1531). In the overall estimates, an antithrombotic therapy with clopidogrel versus without displayed a comparable risk of all-cause death [Risk Ratio-RR = 0.83, 95% Confidence intervals-CI (0.57-1.20); P = 0.25] and major bleeding [RR = 1.33, 95% CI (0.61-2.92); P = 0.39]. However, the combination of aspirin or OAC with clopidogrel doubled the risk of major bleeding as compared to aspirin or OAC without clopidogrel [RR = 2.08, 95% CI (1.27-3.42); P = 0.015, P for interaction = 0.021]. Treatment strategies did not differ with respect to the risk of life-threatening bleeding, MI and stroke. CONCLUSIONS: In patients receiving TAVR, a therapeutic strategy of aspirin or OAC with clopidogrel significantly increases the risk of major bleeding without impact on mortality and ischemic outcomes compared to aspirin or OAC without clopidogrel. The performance of different antithrombotic regimens in terms of long-term clinical outcomes and bioprosthesis valve function requires further investigation. Forest plots from pairwise and network meta-analyses associated with an antithrombotic therapy with or without clopidogrel Risk ratio for all outcomes of interest calculated with the pairwise meta-analysis (left side) and for main outcomes calculated with the network meta-analysis (right side) in patients allocated to an antithrombotic therapy with clopidogrel or without. The diamonds indicate the point estimate and the left and the right ends of the lines the [95% CI]. CI: Confidence intervals; OAC; oral anticoagulation.


Assuntos
Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
12.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 99(3): 754-762, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791755

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the clinical efficacy of a paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) with a novel matrix coating and reduced drug concentration in comparison with a widely used PCB with iopromide excipient. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients with restenosis in drug-eluting stents. All patients were treated with a novel low-dose PCB with citrate-based excipient (Agent PCB). Angiographic follow-up was scheduled at 6-8 months. Outcomes were compared against those of patients treated with iopromide excipient PCB (SeQuent Please PCB) enrolled in a trial with identical inclusion and exclusion criteria. The primary endpoint was percent diameter stenosis (%DS) at follow-up angiography. The primary hypothesis was that the investigational device would be non-inferior to the control device (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02367495). RESULTS: One hundred twenty-five patients with 151 lesions were enrolled. Mean age was 68.1 ± 10.2 years, 40.8% had diabetes mellitus and 80.1% had focal morphology in-stent restenosis. Follow-up angiography data at 6-8 months was available for 102 (81.6%) patients. The Agent PCB was non-inferior to the SeQuent Please PCB in terms of the primary endpoint (38.9 ± 17.5 vs. 38.1 ± 21.5%; p non-inferiority  = 0.0056). Late lumen loss was also comparable between the groups (0.35 ± 0.55 vs. 0.37 ± 0.59; p = 0.71). There was no difference between the groups in the incidence of TLR (27.7% vs. 22.1%; p = 0.31), death or myocardial infarction (4.2% vs. 4.4%; p = 0.92) or target lesion thrombosis (1.0% vs. 0.7%; p = 0.93). CONCLUSION: In patients with DES restenosis, angioplasty with a novel PCB with citrate-based excipient was non-inferior to PCB with iopromide excipient in terms of angiographic outcome.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Fármacos Cardiovasculares , Reestenose Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Constrição Patológica/induzido quimicamente , Constrição Patológica/complicações , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Stents/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 36: 99-106, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099410

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Trials investigating aspirin omission in patients taking oral anticoagulation (OAC) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or acute coronary syndrome (ACS) were not powered to assess rates of major bleeding or ischemic events. METHODS: We performed an updated meta-analysis and network analysis of randomized trials comparing treatment with or without aspirin in patients taking OAC and a P2Y12-inhibitor after PCI or ACS. The primary outcome was TIMI major bleeding. RESULTS: Five trials enrolling 11,542 patients allocated to antithrombotic regimens omitting (n = 5795) or including aspirin (n = 5747) were included. Aspirin omission was associated with a lower risk of TIMI major bleeding (RR = 0.56, 95% CI [0.44-0.71]; P < 0.001) but a trend towards a higher risk of MI (RR = 1.21, 95% CI [0.99-1.47]; P = 0.06), which was significantly higher when only non-vitamin K antagonist OAC (NOAC)-based trials were considered (Pinteraction = 0.02). The risk of stent thrombosis was comparable with both strategies (RR = 1.29, 95% CI [0.87-1.90]; P = 0.20), with a trend towards a higher risk of ST with aspirin omission when only NOAC-based trials were considered (Pinteraction = 0.06). Risks of stroke and death were similar with both strategies. Network meta-analysis ranked dabigatran (low dose) without aspirin as the best strategy for bleeding reduction (P-score = 0.86) and apixaban with aspirin as the best strategy for MI reduction (P-score = 0.66). CONCLUSIONS: In patients taking OAC after PCI or ACS, aspirin omission is associated with a lower risk of TIMI major bleeding, with a numerically increased risk of MI, which is statistically significant when only NOAC-based trials are considered. This supports individualization of the treatment regimen based on patient risk.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Fibrilação Atrial , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 99(3): 541-551, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487415

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of drug eluting stent (DES) overlap on clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: While the use of overlapping bare metal stent has been associated with an increased risk of adverse clinical events, the long-term impact of DES overlap on clinical outcomes is not certain at present. Similarly, the effect of different DES generations and polymer types on DES overlap associated clinical outcomes has not previously been comprehensively elucidated. METHODS: We analyzed the angiographic and clinical outcomes of 5605 patients treated with DES in the setting of the ISAR-TEST 4 and ISAR-TEST 5 randomized control trials according to the presence or absence of stent overlap. The clinical endpoints assessed in this study were all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR), and definite or probable stent thrombosis at 10-years. We also compared rates of binary angiographic restenosis (BAR) at 6-8 months. RESULTS: At 10 years, all-cause mortality (Hazard ratios [HR] = 1.05 [0.95-1.16]; p = 0.348) did not differ between the stent overlap and no stent overlap groups. MI (8.4% vs. 5.2%; HR = 1.67 [1.35-2.07], p < 0.001) and TLR (23.7% vs. 16.3%; HR = 1.54 [1.36-1.74], p < 0.001) occurred more frequently in the stent overlap group. For MI, landmark analysis demonstrated that this increase in risk was primarily in the first 30 days post PCI. BAR at 6-8 months was also more frequent in the stent overlap group (16.0% vs. 10.3%; HR = 1.65 [1.41-1.92], p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: DES overlap is associated with an increased risk of adverse clinical events post PCI.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Stents/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34961732

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The efficacy and safety of ticagrelor vs prasugrel in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) according to body mass index (BMI) remain unstudied. We assessed the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor vs prasugrel in patients with ACS according to BMI. METHODS: Patients (n=3987) were grouped into 3 categories: normal weight (BMI <25kg/m2; n=1084), overweight (BMI ≥ 25 to <30kg/m2; n=1890), and obesity (BMI ≥ 30kg/m2; n=1013). The primary efficacy endpoint was the 1 year incidence of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. The secondary safety endpoint was the 1 year incidence of Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 3 to 5 bleeding. RESULTS: The primary endpoint occurred in 63 patients assigned to ticagrelor and 39 patients assigned to prasugrel in the normal weight group (11.7% vs 7.5%; HR, 1.62; 95%CI, 1.09-2.42; P=.018), 78 patients assigned to ticagrelor and 58 patients assigned to prasugrel in the overweight group (8.3% vs 6.2%; HR, 1.36; 95%CI, 0.97-1.91; P=.076), and 43 patients assigned to ticagrelor and 37 patients assigned to prasugrel in the obesity group (8.6% vs 7.3%; HR, 1.18; 95%CI, 0.76-1.84; P=.451). The 1-year incidence of bleeding events did not differ between ticagrelor and prasugrel in patients with normal weight (6.5% vs 6.6%; P=.990), overweight (5.6% vs 5.0%; P=.566) or obesity (4.4% vs 2.8%; P=.219). There was no significant treatment arm-by-BMI interaction regarding the primary endpoint (Pint=.578) or secondary endpoint (Pint=.596). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ACS, BMI did not significantly impact the treatment effect of ticagrelor vs prasugrel in terms of efficacy or safety. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01944800.

17.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 779807, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34970608

RESUMO

Background: Optical coherence tomography is a powerful modality to assess atherosclerotic lesions, but detecting lesions in high-resolution OCT is challenging and requires expert knowledge. Deep-learning algorithms can be used to automatically identify atherosclerotic lesions, facilitating identification of patients at risk. We trained a deep-learning algorithm (DeepAD) with co-registered, annotated histopathology to predict atherosclerotic lesions in optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: Two datasets were used for training DeepAD: (i) a histopathology data set from 7 autopsy cases with 62 OCT frames and co-registered histopathology for high quality manual annotation and (ii) a clinical data set from 51 patients with 222 OCT frames in which manual annotations were based on clinical expertise only. A U-net based deep convolutional neural network (CNN) ensemble was employed as an atherosclerotic lesion prediction algorithm. Results were analyzed using intersection over union (IOU) for segmentation. Results: DeepAD showed good performance regarding the prediction of atherosclerotic lesions, with a median IOU of 0.68 ± 0.18 for segmentation of atherosclerotic lesions. Detection of calcified lesions yielded an IOU = 0.34. When training the algorithm without histopathology-based annotations, a performance drop of >0.25 IOU was observed. The practical application of DeepAD was evaluated retrospectively in a clinical cohort (n = 11 cases), showing high sensitivity as well as specificity and similar performance when compared to manual expert analysis. Conclusion: Automated detection of atherosclerotic lesions in OCT is improved using a histopathology-based deep-learning algorithm, allowing accurate detection in the clinical setting. An automated decision-support tool based on DeepAD could help in risk prediction and guide interventional treatment decisions.

18.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(22): e021418, 2021 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Whether there are differences in the risk profile and treatment effect in patients recruited in a low recruitment center (LRC) versus patients recruited in a high recruitment center (HRC) in a randomized multicenter trial remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS This study included 4018 patients with acute coronary syndrome recruited in the ISAR-REACT 5 (Intracoronary Stenting and Antithrombotic Regimen: Rapid Early Action for Coronary Treatment 5) trial. The primary end point was a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. Overall, 3011 patients (75%) were recruited in the HRCs (7 centers recruiting 258 to 628 patients; median, 413 patients) and 1007 patients (25%) were recruited in the LRCs (16 centers recruiting 5 to 201 patients; median, 52 patients). Patients recruited in the LRCs had more favorable cardiovascular risk profiles than patients recruited in the HRCs. The primary end point occurred in 72 patients in the LRCs and 249 patients in the HRCs (cumulative incidence, 7.3% and 8.4%; P=0.267). All-cause mortality was lower among patients recruited in the LRCs (n=29) than among patients recruited in the HRCs (n=134; cumulative incidence 2.9% versus 4.5%; P=0.031). There was no significant interaction between the treatment effect of ticagrelor versus prasugrel and patient recruitment category (LRC versus HRC) regarding the primary efficacy end point (LRC: hazard ratio [HR], 1.42 [95% CI, 0.89-2.28]; HRC: HR, 1.33 [95% CI, 1.04-1.72]; P for interaction=0.800). CONCLUSIONS Patients with acute coronary syndrome recruited in a LRC appear to have more favorable cardiovascular risk profiles and lower 1-year mortality rates compared with patients recruited in a HRC. The recruitment volume did not interact with the treatment effect of ticagrelor versus prasugrel. REGISTRATION URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT01944800.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/efeitos adversos , Ticagrelor/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Inflamm Res ; 70(10-12): 1075-1087, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595552

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Circulating IL-6 levels and at least one polymorphic form of IL6 gene (IL6 -174 G/C, rs1800795) have been shown to be independently associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) by several investigators. Despite more than 12 published meta-analyses on this subject, association of -174 G/C with CAD, especially amongst distinct ancestral population groups remain unclear. We, therefore, conducted a systematic review and an updated meta-analysis to comprehensively ascertain the association of IL6 -174 G/C with CAD and circulating IL-6 levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant case-control/cohort studies investigating association of -174 G/C with CAD and circulating IL-6 levels were identified following a comprehensive online search. Association status for CAD was determined for the pooled sample, as well as separately for major ancestral subgroups. Association status for circulating IL-6 levels was assessed for the pooled sample, as well as separately for CAD cases and CAD free controls. Study-level odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were pooled using random/fixed-effects model. RESULTS: Quantitative synthesis for the CAD endpoint was performed using 55 separate qualifying studies with a collective sample size of 51,213 (19,160 cases/32,053 controls). Pooled association of -174 G/C with CAD was found to be statistically significant through dominant (OR 1.15; 95% CI 1.05-1.25, p = 0.002) as well as allelic genetic model comparisons (OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.06-1.21, p = 0.0003). This effect was largely driven by Asian and Asian Indian ancestral subgroups, which also showed significant association with CAD in both genetic model comparisons (OR range 1.29-1.53, p value range ≤ 0.02). Other ancestral subgroups failed to show any meaningful association. Circulating IL-6 levels were found to be significantly higher amongst the 'C' allele carriers in the pooled sample (Standard mean difference, SMD 0.11, 95% CI 0.01-0.22 pg/ml, p = 0.009) as well as in the CAD free control subgroup (SMD 0.10, 95% CI 0.02-0.17 pg/ml, p = 0.009), though not in the CAD case subgroup (SMD 0.17, 95% CI = - 0.02 to 0.37, p = 0.12). CONCLUSIONS: The present systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrate an overall association between IL6 -174 G/C polymorphism and CAD, which seems to be mainly driven by Asian and Asian Indian ancestral subgroups. Upregulation of plasma IL-6 levels in the 'C' allele carriers seems to be at least partly responsible for this observed association. This warrants further investigations with large, structured case-control studies especially amongst Asian and Asian Indian ancestral groups.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Interleucina-6/genética , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
20.
Eur J Clin Invest ; 51(12): e13670, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of in-hospital haemoglobin drop in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing invasive therapy remains insufficiently investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational study included 3838 patients with ACS with admission and in-hospital nadir haemoglobin values available. Haemoglobin drop was defined as a positive difference between admission and nadir haemoglobin values. The primary endpoint was one-year all-cause mortality. RESULTS: In-hospital haemoglobin drop occurred in 3142 patients (82%). Patients were categorized into 4 groups: no haemoglobin drop (n = 696 patients), <3 g/dl haemoglobin drop (n = 2703 patients), 3 to <5 g/dl haemoglobin drop (n = 344 patients) and ≥5 g/dl haemoglobin drop (n = 95 patients). The primary endpoint occurred in 156 patients: 17 patients (2.5%) in the group with no haemoglobin drop, 81 patients (3.0%) in the group with <3g/dl haemoglobin drop, 37 patients (10.9%) in the group with 3 to <5 g/dl haemoglobin drop and 21 patients (22.2%) in the group with ≥5 g/dl haemoglobin (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 1.30, 95% confidence interval 1.17 to 1.45; p < .001 for one g/dl haemoglobin drop). The association of haemoglobin drop with one-year mortality remained significant after exclusion of patients with in-hospital overt bleeding (adjusted HR = 1.27 [1.11-1.46]; p < .001 for one g/dl haemoglobin drop). The lowest haemoglobin drop associated with mortality was 1.23 g/dl in all patients (HR = 1.03 [1.02-1.04]) and 1.13 g/dl in patients without overt bleeding (HR = 1.03 [1.01-1.04]). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ACS, in-hospital haemoglobin drop was associated with higher risk of one-year mortality even in the absence of overt bleeding.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Idoso , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/induzido quimicamente , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico
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