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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202728

RESUMO

The prognosis of patients with oral squamous carcinoma (OSCC) largely depends on the stage at diagnosis, the 5-year survival rate being approximately 30% for advanced tumors. Early diagnosis, including the detection of lesions at risk for malignant transformation, is crucial for limiting the need for extensive surgery and for improving disease-free survival. Saliva has gained popularity as a readily available source of biomarkers (including cytokines) useful for diagnosing specific oral and systemic conditions. Particularly, the close interaction between oral dysplastic/neoplastic cells and saliva makes such fluid an ideal candidate for the development of non-invasive and highly accurate diagnostic tests. The present review has been designed to answer the question: "Is there evidence to support the role of specific salivary cytokines in the diagnosis of OSCC?" We retrieved 27 observational studies satisfying the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Among the most frequent cytokines investigated as candidates for OSCC biomarkers, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α are present at higher concentration in the saliva of OSCC patients than in healthy controls and may therefore serve as basis for the development of rapid tests for early diagnosis of oral cancer.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Saliva/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Biópsia Líquida/métodos , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Prognóstico
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068382

RESUMO

Who does refer patients for an orthodontic consultation? Which are the main reasons for the referral? Does the visit of the orthodontic specialist confirm these reasons or reveal undiagnosed problems? Is there the risk that only evident dental problems are addressed, while craniofacial malformations remain underdiagnosed? This cross-sectional epidemiologic study aims to answer these questions, analysing the clinical data collected during the orthodontic visits of 500 Caucasian young patients referred to a public health structure of northern Italy. All patients were visited by the same expert specialist in orthodontics. Clinical data were collected, analysing both dental and skeletal features. The reasons for the referral of the visit were analysed and compared with the specialistic diagnoses. In our sample, dentists, relatives/friends and paediatricians were the major source of the referrals, followed by family doctors and other facial specialists. In most cases, the reasons for the referral were dental irregularities, but approximately 80% of dental irregularities were associated with undiagnosed facial dysmorphism. Skeletal facial anomalies need an early diagnosis to prevent the development of severe facial malformations that would require invasive and expensive treatments. These findings reveal poor diagnostic skills regarding skeletal anomalies in dentists and paediatricians and the need for better specific training.


Assuntos
Ortodontia , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Médicos de Família
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33920674

RESUMO

This study investigates the reliability and precision of anthropometric measurements collected from 3D images and acquired under different conditions of head rotation. Various sources of error were examined, and the equivalence between craniofacial data generated from alternative head positions was assessed. 3D captures of a mannequin head were obtained with a stereophotogrammetric system (Face Shape 3D MaxiLine). Image acquisition was performed with no rotations and with various pitch, roll, and yaw angulations. On 3D images, 14 linear distances were measured. Various indices were used to quantify error magnitude, among them the acquisition error, the mean and the maximum intra- and inter-operator measurement error, repeatability and reproducibility error, the standard deviation, and the standard error of errors. Two one-sided tests (TOST) were performed to assess the equivalence between measurements recorded in different head angulations. The maximum intra-operator error was very low (0.336 mm), closely followed by the acquisition error (0.496 mm). The maximum inter-operator error was 0.532 mm, and the highest degree of error was found in reproducibility (0.890 mm). Anthropometric measurements from alternative acquisition conditions resulted in significantly equivalent TOST, with the exception of Zygion (l)-Tragion (l) and Cheek (l)-Tragion (l) distances measured with pitch angulation compared to no rotation position. Face Shape 3D Maxiline has sufficient accuracy for orthodontic and surgical use. Precision was not altered by head orientation, making the acquisition simpler and not constrained to a critical precision as in 2D photographs.


Assuntos
Face , Fotogrametria , Face/diagnóstico por imagem , Cabeça/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento Tridimensional , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Eur J Oral Sci ; 129(3): e12781, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786947

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the masticatory pattern in children with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) through investigation of the prevalence of reverse sequencing chewing cycles. The study group included 18 patients with CL/P (mean age: 7.4 yr, SD: 1.4 yr), 15 of whom had dental crossbite. The controls included a group of 18 non-CL/P children with the same types of crossbite as the study group (mean age: 7.2 yr, SD: 1.5 yr) and a group of 18 non-CL/P subjects with normal occlusion (mean age: 9.8 yr, SD: 1.9 yr). Mandibular movements during chewing of soft and hard bolus were recorded with a kinesiograph. Kinematic signals were analysed using a custom-made software. A statistical analysis was performed to compare the degree of reverse-sequencing chewing cycles between patients and controls (Kruskal-Wallis test with Dwass-Steel-Critchlow-Fligner pairwise comparisons post hoc test). A significant difference between patients with CL/P and non-CL/P subjects with normal occlusion was highlighted on the left side of mastication, which was the side with the higher prevalence of crossbite with both types of bolus. No statistical differences were found between CL/P patients and healthy controls with crossbite. Cleft-affected patients with posterior crossbite exhibited an anomalous masticatory pattern with increased reverse chewing cycles on the crossbite side.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Má Oclusão , Criança , Humanos , Mandíbula , Mastigação
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33406716

RESUMO

Fluorides are compounds that can be found in the minerals of soil with volcanic rocks. Different populations are exposed to high levels of fluorides through drinking water that, due to their chronic intake, cause several types of damage to health. Nails and hair, denominated as recent biomarkers, have been employed for monitoring systemic fluoride from long-term exposure to fluorides. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the use of recent biomarkers for monitoring systemic fluoride levels in exposed populations and verify their validity in the measurement of the fluorine (F-) concentration within the body. A digital search was performed in the databases PubMed/Medline, Springer Link, Cochrane, and Scopus of original articles that employed recent biomarkers for monitoring systemic F-. Seventeen articles were included in this analysis; the recorded variables were the F- amount in each assessed biomarker, source of exposure, and total daily fluoride intake (TDFI). TDFI was associated with F- in nails and hair, as well as the exposure through drinking water. In conclusion, recent biomarkers are adequate for monitoring the systemic fluoride levels by evaluating the chronic/subchronic exposure through different sources, mainly drinking water, considering nails better than hair for this purpose.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Água Potável , Fluoretos/análise , Estudos Transversais , Água Potável/análise , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Cabelo/química , Humanos , Unhas/química
7.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 25(6): e827-e833, nov. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-197193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether marsupialization treatment induces changes in the histology of odontogenic keratocyst epithelium and to compare our experience with the literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective revision of histological samples was performed. 5 patients with odontogen-ic keratocyst treated with marsupialization follow by enucleation were selected. Histologic evaluation analyzed the changes in the keratocyst epithelium after marsupialization in terms of type of keratinization, thickness of the epithelium and connective tissue, the presence of acanthosis, the presence and grade of fibrosis, the type and grade of inflammation and the presence and number of mitotic figures and daughter cysts. RESULTS: In our case series, a variation of para-keratinized into ortho-keratinized keratocyst was found in one case, and no significant increases were observed in the epithelium and capsule thickness, or even in the level of inflammation. However, we observed an increase in fibrosis and qualitative changes in inflammation type. CONCLUSIONS: Minor and major histological changes were associated with reduction in cyst volume, which resulted in a simpler and less invasive cystic enucleation after marsupialization


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cistos Odontogênicos/patologia , Cistos Odontogênicos/cirurgia , Doenças Mandibulares/patologia , Doenças Mandibulares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seguimentos , Fibrose , Inclusão em Parafina , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32178265

RESUMO

The ENAM gene is important in the formation of tooth enamel; an alteration can affect the lengthening of the crystals, and the thickness in enamel. The objective was to determine the presence of the single nucleotide variant (SNV) rs12640848 of the ENAM gene in students exposed to different concentrations of fluoride. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on students exposed to high concentrations of fluoride in the city of Durango which were divided according to the severity of fluorosis and dental caries. Genotype determination was performed by DNA sequencing. The relationship between the severity of dental fluorosis and the allele distribution was determined by the Fisher's exact and Kruskal-Wallis tests. RESULTS: Seventy-one students were included for the sequencing. In the different allelic variations, for the normal genotype AA/TT, the control group presented 75%, for the AG/TC variation, 70.8% in the TF ≤ 4 group, 65% in TF ≥ 5, and 16.7% in TF = 0; with respect to GG/CC variation, 12.5% in TF ≤ 4, 22% in TF ≥ 5, and 8.3% in TF = 0 group (p = 0.000). CONCLUSION: The ENAM gene showed an association in the population exposed to different concentrations of fluoride.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular , Fluoretos , Fluorose Dentária , Alelos , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Fluorose Dentária/genética , Humanos , Estudantes
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(3)2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019170

RESUMO

: Background: The aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been associated with several diseases, including cancer, inflammatory, and autoimmune conditions. Interest in salivary miRNAs as non-invasive tools for the diagnosis of malignancies and systemic diseases is rapidly increasing. The present systematic review was developed for answering the question: "Are salivary microRNAs reliable biomarkers for diagnosis of cancer and systemic diseases?" METHODS: The application of inclusion and exclusion criteria led to the selection of 11 papers. Critical appraisals and quality assessments of the selected studies were performed through the National Institute of Health "Study Quality Assessment Tool" and the classification of the Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine. RESULTS: Seven studies reported statistically significant correlations between one or more salivary miRNAs and the investigated disease. The critical analysis allowed us to classify only two studies (18.2%) as having "good" quality, the rest being scored as "intermediate" (8; 73%) and "poor" (1; 9%). Evidence exists that salivary miR-940 and miR-3679-5p are reliable markers for pancreatic cancer and that miR140-5p and miR301a are promising molecules for the salivary diagnosis of gastric cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Further studies, possibly avoiding the risk of bias highlighted here, are necessary to consolidate these findings and to identify new reliable salivary biomarkers.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/análise , Inflamação/diagnóstico , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Saliva/metabolismo , Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Doenças Autoimunes/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/metabolismo , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/metabolismo
10.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 47(1): 179-184, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30527381

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To quantify the surface facial asymmetry in a group of young patients with hemifacial microsomia (HFM) and to investigate differences with a homogeneous sample of healthy subjects, using a novel stereophotogrammetric method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve patients (mean age 13.1 ± 3.1 years) with different degrees of HFM and 15 healthy controls (mean age 12.2 ± 3.5 years) were imaged with a stereophotogrammetric facial scanner. The root mean square error (RMSE) of the distances between the corresponding points of each original photograph and its mirror copy was calculated for the whole face and for each trigeminal third, as defined by the innervation of trigeminal branches. A statistical analysis was performed to compare the RMSE value of all facial areas within each group and between patients and controls. RESULTS: RMSE values progressively increased from the upper to the lower third of face, both in patients and controls. The level of asymmetry was significantly higher in HFM subjects for middle third (p < 0.01), lower third (p < 0.001) and whole face (p < 0.001); no statistically significant differences were found between the groups for the upper third. CONCLUSIONS: The reported technique provides an accurate topographic analysis of the facial asymmetry, and is recommended for conditions such as HFM affecting only part of the face.


Assuntos
Assimetria Facial/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Goldenhar/complicações , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Fotogrametria/métodos , Adolescente , Pontos de Referência Anatômicos , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Criança , Face/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
11.
Minerva Stomatol ; 67(4): 165-171, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29527867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Moebius syndrome is a rare condition characterized by bilateral facial and abducens nerve paralysis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the main orthodontic features and the frequency of associated clinical characteristics in patients with Moebius syndrome (MS). METHODS: According to Terzis classifications, 58 patients with MS aged 8 months to 46 years old underwent orthodontics and clinical examination. RESULTS: Strabismus, upper and lower limb malformations, lip and palatal cleft were frequently associated with MS. Reduced TM movements were noted (48%). Cephalometric analysis did not allow identifying a typical facies and a characteristic cephalometric pattern; we have noticed a higher prevalence of Class II (56%) with micrognathia and excessive maxillary development probably due to the lack of lip seal. Early treatment is recommended, with a multidisciplinary approach to reduce the impact of sequelae on the lives of MS patients or their families. CONCLUSIONS: Early treatment is recommended, with a multidisciplinary approach to diminish the impact of sequelae on the lives of MS patients or their families.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Micrognatismo/terapia , Síndrome de Möbius/patologia , Ortodontia Corretiva/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Cefalometria , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Diagnóstico Bucal , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Deformidades Congênitas dos Membros , Masculino , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/etiologia , Micrognatismo/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome de Möbius/embriologia , Síndrome de Möbius/genética , Cooperação do Paciente , Fenótipo , Estrabismo , Adulto Jovem
12.
Oral Radiol ; 33(3): 212-218, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28890606

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to evaluate the feasibility of noninvasive measurement of the ANB angle using photographic and ultrasonographic methods. METHODS: Twenty consecutive orthodontic patients were evaluated. The ANB angle and soft tissue thickness covering the N, A, and B cephalometric points were measured by lateral teleradiography; these measurements were made by two expert operators. The soft tissue thickness covering the N, A, and B cephalometric points was measured by ultrasonography; these measurements were also made by two expert operators. On a 1:1 photographic profile print on which the ultrasonographic points were marked, the ANB ultrasonographic angle was measured. The following comparisons were considered: averaged and single measurements of N, A, and B points by first versus second ultrasonographer; averaged and single ultrasonographic versus radiographic soft tissue thickness covering the N, A, B points; and averaged and single ultrasonographic versus radiographic measurements of ANB angle. RESULTS: High correlation and concordance of the averaged and single measurements, but no significant difference, was found between the two ultrasonographers. No statistically significant difference was found between the two methods for measuring averaged soft tissue thickness, but a 20% difference was found for the single measurements. High correlation and concordance between the ultrasonographic and radiographic measurements, but no significant difference, was found between the single and averaged ANB angle measurements. CONCLUSION: Ultrasonography seems to be a noninvasive and reliable technique for measurement of the ANB angle and may replace radiographic measurement in some cases.

13.
J Craniofac Surg ; 28(8): 2021-2026, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28891894

RESUMO

No agreement exists on the most appropriate timing of orthodontic treatment in patients with cleft lip and palate. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of early orthodontic treatment on development of the dental arches and alveolar bone.A dental casts analysis was performed on 28 children with cleft lip and palate before orthodontic treatment (T0; mean age, 6.5 ±â€Š1.7) and at the end of active treatment (T1; mean age, 9.2 ±â€Š2.1 years). The considered variables were: intercanine and intermolar distances; dental arch relationships, evaluated according to the modified Huddart/Bodenham system.The study group was divided into 2 samples according to the age at T0: Group A (age < 6 years) and Group B (age ≥ 6 years). A statistical comparison of the treatment effects between the 2 samples was performed.Patients in Group A exhibited a greater increase of intercanine distance (8 mm versus 2.7 mm; P<0.001), intermolar distance (7.2 mm versus 5 mm; P = 0.06), and Huddart/Bodenham score (7.1 versus 3; P < 0.05) when compared with patients in Group B.Early orthodontic treatment strongly improved the dental arch relationship, since subjects starting the therapy before the age of 6 had a better response in terms of anterior maxillary expansion.


Assuntos
Processo Alveolar/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fenda Labial/terapia , Fissura Palatina/terapia , Arco Dental/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Case Rep Dent ; 2017: 7275846, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28589044

RESUMO

Unilateral posterior crossbite often involves only one tooth, especially upper first molar; in these cases it is never easy to obtain an asymmetrical movement of a molar and a proper planning of the orthodontic device with its anchorage is necessary to avoid arch overexpansion. Thanks to its simplicity and efficacy, the modified Quad Helix here described represents a valid therapeutic tool in cases of isolated posterior crossbite.

15.
Case Rep Dent ; 2017: 9760789, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28630773

RESUMO

Condylar fractures are among the most frequent fractures in the context of traumatic lesions of the face. The management of condylar fractures is still controversial, especially when fractures occur in children: if overlooked or inappropriately treated, these lesions may lead to severe sequelae, both cosmetic and functional. The therapy must be careful because severe long-term complications can occur. In this case report, the authors present a case of mandibular fracture in which the decision between surgical therapy and functional therapeutic regimen may be controversial due to the particular anatomy of the fracture line and the age of the patient.

16.
Case Rep Dent ; 2017: 1484065, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28409036

RESUMO

The authors report a combined orthodontic-surgical correction of an adult patient's malocclusion affected by Moebius Syndrome (MS). The treatment was conducted at the Dentistry Unit and the Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of the University Hospital of Parma. Treatment of malocclusion was performed after the correction of facial mimic mobility with smile surgery. The postoperative stability and orthodontic results were good and the correction of the morphological problems related to the syndrome was very satisfactory.

17.
Case Rep Dent ; 2017: 7318715, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29387494

RESUMO

The aim of this paper is to report treatment effects of functional therapy in a growing patient affected by hemifacial microsomia (HM). According to Kaban's classification, the patient was classified as grade IIa as she presented all mandibular and temporomandibular joint components and a normal shaped, hypoplastic mandible. The therapeutic approach included the use of an asymmetrical functional activator (AFA) to stimulate the growth of the affected side and consequently to improve symmetry of the mandible and maxillary deficiency. Further effects were the lengthening of the mandibular ramus, restoration of occlusion, and expansion of soft tissues.

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