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1.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4955, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672989

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease that shows one of the highest mortality rates among rheumatic diseases. We perform a large genome-wide association study (GWAS), and meta-analysis with previous GWASs, in 26,679 individuals and identify 27 independent genome-wide associated signals, including 13 new risk loci. The novel associations nearly double the number of genome-wide hits reported for SSc thus far. We define 95% credible sets of less than 5 likely causal variants in 12 loci. Additionally, we identify specific SSc subtype-associated signals. Functional analysis of high-priority variants shows the potential function of SSc signals, with the identification of 43 robust target genes through HiChIP. Our results point towards molecular pathways potentially involved in vasculopathy and fibrosis, two main hallmarks in SSc, and highlight the spectrum of critical cell types for the disease. This work supports a better understanding of the genetic basis of SSc and provides directions for future functional experiments.

2.
Rheumatol Int ; 39(11): 1875-1882, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522232

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of digital ulcers (DUs) in daily life of systemic sclerosis (SSc) Spanish patients. We developed a multicenter observational study to compare functional disability in SSc patients with active DUs vs. those without DUs. An additional correlation between perception of patients and physicians on disability due to DUs was performed. A total of 199 patients were enrolled, 70 (35%) with DUs. Patients with DUs were younger (48 vs. 58 years; p < 0.001) and had more frequently the diffuse subtype of SSc (45 vs. 24%; p = 0.004) than patients without DUs. Patients with DUs showed significantly higher scores in the Cochin Hand Function Scale overall (p < 0.002) and for each of its five dimensions. They also showed higher scores in the Systemic Sclerosis Health Assessment Questionnaire items related to hand function such as, dress and self-care (p < 0.013), eat (p < 0.013) and grip (p < 0.03), and higher Visual Analogic Scale scores for pain (p < 0.013), trouble related with Raynaud's Phenomenon (p < 0.001) and sense of severity (p < 0.004). Impact on daily activities was significantly higher in patients with DUs (p = 0.002), with a non-significant trend to experience higher impact on work productivity (p = 0.07). A high correlation was found between DUs patients and physicians opinion on the impact of DUs (daily life: Pearson R = 0.86; work productivity: Pearson R = 0.87). Study findings show an impaired hand function and increased disability for daily life activities and work productivity in SSc patients with DUs compared with patients without DUs in Spanish population.

3.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(7): 979-987, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30967395

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of rituximab in systemic sclerosis (SSc) in clinical practice. METHODS: We performed a prospective study including patients with SSc from the European Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) network treated with rituximab and matched with untreated patients with SSc. The main outcomes measures were adverse events, skin fibrosis improvement, lung fibrosis worsening and steroids use among propensity score-matched patients treated or not with rituximab. RESULTS: 254 patients were treated with rituximab, in 58% for lung and in 32% for skin involvement. After a median follow-up of 2 years, about 70% of the patients had no side effect. Comparison of treated patients with 9575 propensity-score matched patients showed that patients treated with rituximab were more likely to have skin fibrosis improvement (22.7 vs 14.03 events per 100 person-years; OR: 2.79 [1.47-5.32]; p=0.002). Treated patients did not have significantly different rates of decrease in forced vital capacity (FVC)>10% (OR: 1.03 [0.55-1.94]; p=0.93) nor in carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO) decrease. Patients having received rituximab were more prone to stop or decrease steroids (OR: 2.34 [1.56-3.53], p<0.0001). Patients treated concomitantly with mycophenolate mofetil had a trend for better outcomes as compared with patients receiving rituximab alone (delta FVC: 5.22 [0.83-9.62]; p=0.019 as compared with controls vs 3 [0.66-5.35]; p=0.012). CONCLUSION: Rituximab use was associated with a good safety profile in this large SSc-cohort. Significant change was observed on skin fibrosis, but not on lung. However, the limitation is the observational design. The potential stabilisation of lung fibrosis by rituximab has to be addressed by a randomised trial.

6.
PLoS One ; 13(1): e0189498, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29293537

RESUMO

Gene-level analysis of ImmunoChip or genome-wide association studies (GWAS) data has not been previously reported for systemic sclerosis (SSc, scleroderma). The objective of this study was to analyze genetic susceptibility loci in SSc at the gene level and to determine if the detected associations were shared in African-American and White populations, using data from ImmunoChip and GWAS genotyping studies. The White sample included 1833 cases and 3466 controls (956 cases and 2741 controls from the US and 877 cases and 725 controls from Spain) and the African American sample, 291 cases and 260 controls. In both Whites and African Americans, we performed a gene-level analysis that integrates association statistics in a gene possibly harboring multiple SNPs with weak effect on disease risk, using Versatile Gene-based Association Study (VEGAS) software. The SNP-level analysis was performed using PLINK v.1.07. We identified 4 novel candidate genes (STAT1, FCGR2C, NIPSNAP3B, and SCT) significantly associated and 4 genes (SERBP1, PINX1, TMEM175 and EXOC2) suggestively associated with SSc in the gene level analysis in White patients. As an exploratory analysis we compared the results on Whites with those from African Americans. Of previously established susceptibility genes identified in Whites, only TNFAIP3 was significant at the nominal level (p = 6.13x10-3) in African Americans in the gene-level analysis of the ImmunoChip data. Among the top suggestive novel genes identified in Whites based on the ImmunoChip data, FCGR2C and PINX1 were only nominally significant in African Americans (p = 0.016 and p = 0.028, respectively), while among the top novel genes identified in the gene-level analysis in African Americans, UNC5C (p = 5.57x10-4) and CLEC16A (p = 0.0463) were also nominally significant in Whites. We also present the gene-level analysis of SSc clinical and autoantibody phenotypes among Whites. Our findings need to be validated by independent studies, particularly due to the limited sample size of African Americans.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
7.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 47(6): 757-764, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29157669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IL-6 contributes significantly to the chronic inflammatory process of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Tocilizumab, a humanized anti-human IL-6 receptor antibody that blocks the signaling originated by the IL-6/IL-6R complex, is an effective treatment. However, predictors of the response to tocilizumab are still required. We aimed to combine IL-6 and soluble IL-6R (sIL-6R) levels to identify groups of responses. METHODS: Heparinized blood and clinical data from 63 RA patients were collected before treatment and after 3 and 6 months. Two-step clustering (SPSS v.18) was used to establish the relationship between IL-6 and sIL-6R. Then, we compared European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) response criteria with remission achievement in the groups of patients. RESULTS: Three statistical significant clusters of RA patients (i.e., g1, g2, and g3) were defined by serum concentrations of IL-6 and sIL-6R at baseline. All groups of RA patients had higher IL-6 and sIL-6R levels than healthy donors. The levels of IL-6 expressed as median (IQR) in g1 patients were 124(90-183)pg/ml, in g2 12.3(4.4-24)pg/ml, and in g3 60.1(30-146)pg/ml (p < 0.001). The levels of sIL-6R expressed as mean ± sd in g1 patients were 250.5 ± 72ng/ml, in g2 269.1 ± 125ng/ml, and in g3 732.7 ± 243ng/ml (p < 0.001). Disease activity score (DAS)28, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were comparable in the three groups at baseline. Disease duration in g3 was the longest (median(IQR) years: g1 = 11(5-15), g2 = 12(8-20), and g3 23(16-26); p = 0.006), with years of disease evolution being correlated with sIL-6R levels (R = 0.417, p < 0.001). Simple and Clinical Disease Activity Index (SDAI and CDAI) decreased significantly in the three groups. However, EULAR response criteria and remission achievement at 6m was different in the three groups (p = 0.03 and 0.04, respectively). In all. 17 out of the 18 patients in g1 had a good or moderate response to tocilizumab. Conversely, the percentage of patients with no response to tocilizumab was higher in g3 than in g1 and g2. We also observed different changing patterns of IL-6 and sIL-6R levels among the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: RA patients could be easily stratified prior to therapeutic intervention with two molecules related to the pathway blocked by tocilizumab. G1 patients, who had the best response to tocilizumab, had the highest level of IL-6 and the lowest level of sIL-6R.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Receptores de Interleucina-6/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
J Rheumatol ; 44(10): 1453-1457, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28668810

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a fibrotic immune-mediated disease of unknown etiology. Among its clinical manifestations, pulmonary involvement is the leading cause of mortality in patients with SSc. However, the genetic factors involved in lung complication are not well defined. We aimed to review the association of the MIF gene, which encodes a cytokine implicated in idiopathic pulmonary hypertension among other diseases, with the susceptibility and clinical expression of SSc, in addition to testing the association of this polymorphism with SSc-related pulmonary involvement. METHODS: A total of 4392 patients with SSc and 16,591 unaffected controls from 6 cohorts of European origin were genotyped for the MIF promoter variant rs755622. An inverse variance method was used to metaanalyze the data. RESULTS: A statistically significant increase of the MIF rs755622*C allele frequency compared with controls was observed in the subgroups of patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) and with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) independently (dcSSc: p = 3.20E-2, OR 1.13; PAH: p = 2.19E-02, OR 1.32). However, our data revealed a stronger effect size with the subset of patients with SSc showing both clinical manifestations (dcSSc with PAH: p = 6.91E-3, OR 2.05). CONCLUSION: We reviewed the association of the MIF rs755622*C allele with SSc and described a phenotype-specific association of this variant with the susceptibility to develop PAH in patients with dcSSc.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Hipertensão Pulmonar/genética , Oxirredutases Intramoleculares/genética , Fatores Inibidores da Migração de Macrófagos/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Esclerodermia Difusa/genética , Alelos , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Esclerodermia Difusa/complicações
9.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 19(1): 174, 2017 07 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28738907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dermatomyositis (DM) is inflammatory myopathy or myositis characterized by muscle weakness and skin manifestations. In the differential diagnosis of DM the evaluation of the muscle biopsy is of importance among other parameters. Perifascicular atrophy in the muscle biopsy is considered a hallmark of DM. However, perifascicular atrophy is not observed in all patients with DM and, conversely, perifascicular atrophy can be observed in other myositis such as antisynthetase syndrome (ASS), complicating DM diagnosis. Retinoic acid inducible-gene I (RIG-I), a receptor of innate immunity that promotes type I interferon, was observed in perifascicular areas in DM. We compared the value of RIG-I expression with perifascicular atrophy as a biomarker of DM. METHODS: We studied by immunohistochemical analysis the expression of RIG-I and the presence of perifascicular atrophy in 115 coded muscle biopsies: 44 patients with DM, 18 with myositis with overlap, 8 with ASS, 27 with non-DM inflammatory myopathy (16 with polymyositis, 6 with inclusion body myositis, 5 with immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy), 8 with muscular dystrophy (4 with dysferlinopathy, 4 with fascioscapulohumeral muscle dystrophy) and 10 healthy controls. RESULTS: We found RIG-I-positive fibers in 50% of DM samples vs 11% in non-DM samples (p < 0.001). Interestingly, RIG-I staining identified 32% of DM patients without perifascicular atrophy (p = 0.007). RIG-I sensitivity was higher than perifascicular atrophy (p < 0.001). No differences in specificity between perifascicular atrophy and RIG-I staining were found (92% vs 88%). RIG-I staining was more reproducible than perifascicular atrophy (κ coefficient 0.52 vs 0.37). CONCLUSIONS: The perifascicular pattern of RIG-I expression supports the diagnosis of DM. Of importance for clinical and therapeutic studies, the inclusion of RIG-I in the routine pathological staining of samples in inflammatory myopathy will allow us to gather more homogeneous subgroups of patients in terms of immunopathogenesis.


Assuntos
Proteína DEAD-box 58/análise , Dermatomiosite/diagnóstico , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Atrofia/patologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Miosite/diagnóstico
10.
Rheumatol Int ; 37(6): 891-896, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28258474

RESUMO

Ultrasonography (US) has shown to be more sensitive than physical examination for diagnosis and assessment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is also a useful approach for accurate monitoring and intensive treatment adjustment. However, there is limited information concerning the impact of US on therapeutic decision-making in routine daily practice. A single-center cross-sectional study in routine daily practice was conducted to determine the percentage of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in which treatment decision was modified on the basis of results of musculoskeletal ultrasonography. All consecutive patients with RA visited for the control of their disease between September and November 2014 were included. Patients were visited by their attending rheumatologist, who made a therapeutic decision according to the results of physical examination and laboratory tests. Thereafter, a musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) was performed by an independent expert sonographer. According to US findings, a change in therapeutic decision was considered, and categorized as 'negative' (maintenance of the therapeutic attitude) or 'positive' (intensification or reduction of treatment). A total of 78 patients (83% women, mean age 63.3 years) were included. In 29 patients [32%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 26.5-48.9], a change in the therapeutic decision was made, which included intensification of treatment in 18 (62.1%) and reduction of treatment in 11 (37.9%). Change of treatment was more frequent in patients with intermediate disease activity (low and moderate) than in those in clinical remission or with high activity (41.4 vs. 25%), in men than in women (53.8 vs. 33.8%), and in the presence than in the absence of bone erosions (43.6 vs. 21.7%), although differences were not statistically significant. We conclude that in patients with RA, joint US is a relevant complementary tool for treatment decisions in daily practice, particularly in patients with intermediate disease activity.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Articulações/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Doppler , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Articulações/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Espanha , Adulto Jovem
11.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 47(1): 38-45, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28259425

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of severe infection and investigate the associated factors and clinical impact in a large systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) retrospective cohort. METHODS: All patients in the Spanish Rheumatology Society Lupus Registry (RELESSER) who meet ≥4 ACR-97 SLE criteria were retrospectively investigated for severe infections. Patients with and without infections were compared in terms of SLE severity, damage, comorbidities, and demographic characteristics. A multivariable Cox regression model was built to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) for the first infection. RESULTS: A total of 3658 SLE patients were included: 90% female, median age 32.9 years (DQ 9.7), and mean follow-up (months) 120.2 (±87.6). A total of 705 (19.3%) patients suffered ≥1 severe infection. Total severe infections recorded in these patients numbered 1227. The incidence rate was 29.2 (95% CI: 27.6-30.9) infections per 1000 patient years. Time from first infection to second infection was significantly shorter than time from diagnosis to first infection (p < 0.000). Although respiratory infections were the most common (35.5%), bloodstream infections were the most frequent cause of mortality by infection (42.0%). In the Cox regression analysis, the following were all associated with infection: age at diagnosis (HR = 1.016, 95% CI: 1.009-1.023), Latin-American (Amerindian-Mestizo) ethnicity (HR = 2.151, 95% CI: 1.539-3.005), corticosteroids (≥10mg/day) (HR = 1.271, 95% CI: 1.034-1.561), immunosuppressors (HR = 1.348, 95% CI: 1.079-1.684), hospitalization by SLE (HR = 2.567, 95% CI: 1.905-3.459), Katz severity index (HR = 1.160, 95% CI: 1.105-1.217), SLICC/ACR damage index (HR = 1.069, 95% CI: 1.031-1.108), and smoking (HR = 1.332, 95% CI: 1.121-1.583). Duration of antimalarial use (months) proved protective (HR = 0.998, 95% CI: 0.997-0.999). CONCLUSIONS: Severe infection constitutes a predictor of poor prognosis in SLE patients, is more common in Latin-Americans and is associated with age, previous infection, and smoking. Antimalarials exerted a protective effect.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Antimaláricos/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Infecção/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Ácido Micofenólico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(33): e4626, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27537601

RESUMO

Shrinking lung syndrome (SLS) is a rare and less known complication mainly associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In this study, we analyze the clinical features, investigation findings, approaches to management, and outcome in a case series of 9 adult patients with SLE and SLS diagnosed during a 35-year period in 3 referral tertiary care hospitals in Spain. Additionally, we reviewed 80 additional cases previously reported (PubMed 1965-2015). These 80 cases, together with our 9 patients, form the basis of the present analysis.The overall SLS prevalence in our SLE population was 1.1% (9/829). SLS may complicate SLE at any time over its course, and it usually occurs in patients without previous or concomitant major organ involvement. More than half of the patients had inactive lupus according to SELENA-systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) scores. Typically, it presents with progressive exertional dyspnea of variable severity, accompanied by pleuritic chest pain in 76% of the cases.An important diagnostic delay is common. The diagnostic tools that showed better yield for SLS detection are the imaging techniques (chest x-ray and high-resolution computed tomography) along with pulmonary and diaphragmatic function tests. Evaluation of diaphragm dome motion by M-mode ultrasonography and phrenic nerve conduction studies are less useful.There are no standardized guidelines for the treatment of SLS in SLE. The majority of patients were treated with medium or high doses of glucocorticoids. Several immunosuppressive agents have been used in conjunction with steroids either if the patient fails to improve or since the beginning of the treatment. Theophylline and beta-agonists, alone or in combination with glucocorticoids, have been suggested with the intent to increase diaphragmatic strength.The overall long-term prognosis was good. The great majority of patients had significant clinical improvement and stabilization, or mild to moderate improvement on pulmonary function tests. The mortality rate was very low.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias/etiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pneumopatias/patologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome
13.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 12(4): 201-205, jul.-ago. 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-153623

RESUMO

Primary Sjögren syndrome (PSS) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) can be an extraglandular complication. Objective. To evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with PSS with ILD. Methods. Multicentre cohort study with 25 patients diagnosed with PSS and ILD. Data of PSS, prognostic factors, pulmonary involvement variables, complementary tests that suggest a worse diagnosis and treatment given were collected. EULAR index was measured for Sjögren's syndrome. Results. We identified 25 patients. In 15/25 the diagnosis of ILD was done before the diagnosis of PSS. The histopathological patterns found were: 12 NSIP, 5 UIP, 4 OP, 2 LIP. PFRs showed restrictive pattern. The majority of the patients received glucocorticoid therapy, antimalarial or immunosuppressive treatment. Conclusions. Patients affected with PSS must be screened to catch a precocious diagnosis of ILD. The majority of the patients were diagnosed of ILD before being diagnosed of PSS. Multicenter cohorts are increasingly demanded and a multidisciplinary management is needed (AU)


El síndrome de Sjögren primario (SSP) es una enfermedad inflamatoria autoinmune. La enfermedad pulmonar intersticial (EPI) puede ser una complicación extraglandular. Objetivo. Evaluar las características clínicas de los pacientes diagnosticados de SSP con EPI. Métodos. Estudio de cohortes multicéntrico con 25 pacientes diagnosticados de SSP y EPI. Se recopilaron datos propios del SSP, factores pronóstico, variables de medida de la afectación pulmonar, pruebas complementarias que sugieren un peor pronóstico, así como el tratamiento recibido. Se calculó el índice EULAR para el síndrome de Sjögren. Resultados. Se identificaron 25 pacientes. Quince de ellos fueron diagnosticados de EPI antes que de SSP. Los patrones histopatológicos encontrados fueron 12 con neumonía intersticial inespecífica, 5 con neumonía intersticial común, 4 con neumonía organizada, 2 con neumonía intersticial linfocítica. Las pruebas de función respiratoria mostraron un patrón restrictivo. La mayoría de los pacientes recibió un tratamiento con glucocorticoides, antipalúdicos o inmunodepresores. Conclusiones. Los pacientes afectados por SSP deben ser sometidos a pruebas para detectar un diagnóstico precoz de EPI. La mayoría de los pacientes fueron diagnosticados de EPI antes que de SSP. Los estudios de cohortes multicéntricos son cada vez más demandados y se precisa una gestión multidisciplinar (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Síndrome de Sjogren/imunologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Sjogren , Prognóstico , Bronquiolite/complicações , Bronquiectasia/complicações , Bronquiectasia , Estudos de Coortes
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(9): e2891, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26945378

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to profile those patients included in the RELESSER registry with histologically proven renal involvement in order to better understand the current state of lupus nephritis (LN) in Spain. RELESSER-TRANS is a multicenter cross-sectional registry with an analytical component. Information was collected from the medical records of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus who were followed at participating rheumatology units. A total of 359 variables including demographic data, clinical manifestations, disease activity, severity, comorbidities, LN outcome, treatments, and mortality were recorded. Only patients with a histological confirmation of LN were included. We performed a descriptive analysis, chi-square or Student's t tests according to the type of variable and its relationship with LN. Odds ratio and confidence intervals were calculated by using simple logistic regression. LN was histologically confirmed in 1092/3575 patients (30.5%). Most patients were female (85.7%), Caucasian (90.2%), and the mean age at LN diagnosis was 28.4 ±â€Š12.7 years. The risk for LN development was higher in men (M/F:47.85/30.91%, P < 0.001), in younger individuals (P < 0.001), and in Hispanics (P = 0.03). Complete response to treatment was achieved in 68.3% of patients; 10.35% developed ESRD, which required a kidney transplant in 45% of such cases. The older the patient, the greater was the likelihood of complete response (P < 0.001). Recurrences were associated with persistent lupus activity at the time of the last visit (P < 0.001) and with ESRD (P < 0.001). Thrombotic microangiopathy was a risk factor for ESRD (P = 0.04), as for the necessity of dialysis (P = 0.01) or renal transplantation (P = 0.03). LN itself was a poor prognostic risk factor of mortality (OR 2.4 [1.81-3.22], P < 0.001). Patients receiving antimalarials had a significantly lower risk of developing LN (P < 0.001) and ESRD (P < 0.001), and responded better to specific treatments for LN (P = 0.014). More than two-thirds of the patients with LN from a wide European cohort achieved a complete response to treatment. The presence of positive anti-Sm antibodies was associated with a higher frequency of LN and a decreased rate of complete response to treatment. The use of antimalarials reduced both the risk of developing renal disease and its severity, and contributed to attaining a complete renal response.


Assuntos
Nefrite Lúpica/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Nefrite Lúpica/terapia , Masculino , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reumatologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 55(7): 1243-50, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27018057

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns (clusters) of damage manifestations within a large cohort of SLE patients and evaluate the potential association of these clusters with a higher risk of mortality. METHODS: This is a multicentre, descriptive, cross-sectional study of a cohort of 3656 SLE patients from the Spanish Society of Rheumatology Lupus Registry. Organ damage was ascertained using the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics Damage Index. Using cluster analysis, groups of patients with similar patterns of damage manifestations were identified. Then, overall clusters were compared as well as the subgroup of patients within every cluster with disease duration shorter than 5 years. RESULTS: Three damage clusters were identified. Cluster 1 (80.6% of patients) presented a lower amount of individuals with damage (23.2 vs 100% in clusters 2 and 3, P < 0.001). Cluster 2 (11.4% of patients) was characterized by musculoskeletal damage in all patients. Cluster 3 (8.0% of patients) was the only group with cardiovascular damage, and this was present in all patients. The overall mortality rate of patients in clusters 2 and 3 was higher than that in cluster 1 (P < 0.001 for both comparisons) and in patients with disease duration shorter than 5 years as well. CONCLUSION: In a large cohort of SLE patients, cardiovascular and musculoskeletal damage manifestations were the two dominant forms of damage to sort patients into clinically meaningful clusters. Both in early and late stages of the disease, there was a significant association of these clusters with an increased risk of mortality. Physicians should pay special attention to the early prevention of damage in these two systems.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/mortalidade , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/mortalidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Sistema de Registros , Espanha , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Rheumatol Int ; 36(3): 365-9, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26597492

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess nailfold capillaroscopic (NC) findings in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS) with and without Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) as well as in the presence of positive anti-SSA/Ro and anti-SSB/La antibodies. Videocapillaroscopy was performed in 150 patients with PSS. Data collected included demographics, presence of RP, PSS symptoms, antinuclear antibodies, rheumatoid factor, anti-Ro, anti-La, anti-CCP, salivary scintigraphy, labial biopsy, and NC findings. RP was present in 32% of PSS, keratoconjunctivitis sicca in 91%, oral xerosis in 93%, and skin or genital xerosis in 53%. In patients with positive anti-SSA/Ro (75%) and positive anti-SSB/La (40%), NC showed normal findings in 53% of cases and non-specific in 36%. In patients with PSS, NC was normal in 51% of cases and non-specific in 34%. Scleroderma pattern was found in 14 patients. RP associated with PSS had non-specific capillaroscopy in 40% of cases (p = 0.1). Pericapillary haemorrhages (p = 0.06) and capillary thrombosis (p = 0.2) were not increased, but more dilated capillaries were detected in 48% of cases. Patients with positive anti-Ro and/or anti-La have not a distinct NC profile. Patients with RP associated with PSS had more dilated capillaries, but neither pericapillary haemorrhages nor capillary thrombosis was observed.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Microcirculação , Angioscopia Microscópica/métodos , Unhas/irrigação sanguínea , Doença de Raynaud/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Gravação em Vídeo , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Doença de Raynaud/sangue , Doença de Raynaud/imunologia , Doença de Raynaud/fisiopatologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Síndrome de Sjogren/sangue , Síndrome de Sjogren/imunologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia , Espanha
17.
Reumatol Clin ; 12(4): 201-5, 2016 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26573882

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Primary Sjögren syndrome (PSS) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) can be an extraglandular complication. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with PSS with ILD. METHODS: Multicentre cohort study with 25 patients diagnosed with PSS and ILD. Data of PSS, prognostic factors, pulmonary involvement variables, complementary tests that suggest a worse diagnosis and treatment given were collected. EULAR index was measured for Sjögren's syndrome. RESULTS: We identified 25 patients. In 15/25 the diagnosis of ILD was done before the diagnosis of PSS. The histopathological patterns found were: 12 NSIP, 5 UIP, 4 OP, 2 LIP. PFRs showed restrictive pattern. The majority of the patients received glucocorticoid therapy, antimalarial or immunosuppressive treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Patients affected with PSS must be screened to catch a precocious diagnosis of ILD. The majority of the patients were diagnosed of ILD before being diagnosed of PSS. Multicenter cohorts are increasingly demanded and a multidisciplinary management is needed.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sjogren/patologia
18.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 33(4 Suppl 91): S31-5, 2015 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26314374

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The current knowledge of the influence of systemic sclerosis (SSc) risk loci in the clinical sub-phenotypes is still limited. The main limitation lies in the low frequency of some sub-phenotypes which could be solved by replication studies in independent cohorts and meta-analysis between studies. In this regard, CCR6 gene variants have been recently associated with anti-topoisomerase I positive (ATA+) production in SSc patients in a candidate gene study. This gene has been proposed to have a critical role in IL-17-driven autoimmunity in human diseases. METHODS: In order to confirm the association between CCR6 and ATA+ SSc patients, we performed an independent replication study in populations of European ancestry. We studied two CCR6 genetic variants (rs968334 and rs3093024) in a total of 901 ATA+ SSc cases, 3,258 ATA- SSc cases and 7,865 healthy controls and compared allelic frequencies for those SNPs in ATA+ SSc with healthy controls and also with ATA- SSc patients. RESULTS: The comparison performed between ATA+ SSc patients and healthy controls showed significant association with SNP rs968334 (p=4.88x10(-2), OR=1.11). When we compared ATA+ SSc cases with ATA- SSc, both SNPs, rs3093024 and rs968334, showed significant associations (p=2.89x10(-2), OR=1.13; p=1.69x10(-2), OR=1.15). Finally, in order to increase even more sample size and statistical power, we meta-analysed our study with the previous reported and found a significant association between SNP rs3093024 and ATA+ SSc patients (p=1.00x10(-4), OR=1.16) comparing with healthy controls. CONCLUSIONS: Our work confirms the association of CCR6 gene and ATA+ SSc patients.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/imunologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores CCR6/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Europa (Continente) , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Fenótipo , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/sangue , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/etnologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 94(1): e267, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25569641

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by multiple organ involvement and pronounced racial and ethnic heterogeneity. The aims of the present work were (1) to describe the cumulative clinical characteristics of those patients included in the Spanish Rheumatology Society SLE Registry (RELESSER), focusing on the differences between patients who fulfilled the 1997 ACR-SLE criteria versus those with less than 4 criteria (hereafter designated as incomplete SLE (iSLE)) and (2) to compare SLE patient characteristics with those documented in other multicentric SLE registries.RELESSER is a multicenter hospital-based registry, with a collection of data from a large, representative sample of adult patients with SLE (1997 ACR criteria) seen at Spanish rheumatology departments. The registry includes demographic data, comprehensive descriptions of clinical manifestations, as well as information about disease activity and severity, cumulative damage, comorbidities, treatments and mortality, using variables with highly standardized definitions.A total of 4.024 SLE patients (91% with ≥4 ACR criteria) were included. Ninety percent were women with a mean age at diagnosis of 35.4 years and a median duration of disease of 11.0 years. As expected, most SLE manifestations were more frequent in SLE patients than in iSLE ones and every one of the ACR criteria was also associated with SLE condition; this was particularly true of malar rash, oral ulcers and renal disorder. The analysis-adjusted by gender, age at diagnosis, and disease duration-revealed that higher disease activity, damage and SLE severity index are associated with SLE [OR: 1.14; 95% CI: 1.08-1.20 (P < 0.001); 1.29; 95% CI: 1.15-1.44 (P < 0.001); and 2.10; 95% CI: 1.83-2.42 (P < 0.001), respectively]. These results support the hypothesis that iSLE behaves as a relative stable and mild disease. SLE patients from the RELESSER register do not appear to differ substantially from other Caucasian populations and although activity [median SELENA-SLEDA: 2 (IQ: 0-4)], damage [median SLICC/ACR/DI: 1 (IQ: 0-2)], and severity [median KATZ index: 2 (IQ: 1-3)] scores were low, 1 of every 4 deaths was due to SLE activity.RELESSER represents the largest European SLE registry established to date, providing comprehensive, reliable and updated information on SLE in the southern European population.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Espanha/epidemiologia
20.
J Rheumatol ; 42(2): 222-7, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25399393

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is an association between different capillaroscopic findings and pulmonary function tests in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: We did a retrospective observational study in a cohort of patients with SSc and early SSc. Patients with at least 1 nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) magnified 120× were included. Pathological findings were giant capillaries, angiogenesis, and density loss. Findings were compared with lung function values: percent expected value of forced vital capacity (FVC), DLCO, and FVC/DLCO ratio. Other variables collected were sex and SSc type, and the presence of digital ulcers (DU), interstitial lung disease (ILD), scleroderma renal crisis, and/or pulmonary hypertension (PH). RESULTS: Of 136 patients with SSc, 85 had undergone an NVC. The frequency of ILD, DU, and PH was 24.1%, 28.7%, and 17.2%, respectively. Data analysis showed that patients with density loss had worse FVC% (86.91 ± 19.42 vs 101.13 ± 16.06, p < 0.01) and DLCO% (71.43 ± 21.19 vs 85.9 ± 19.81, p < 0.01) compared to those without. CONCLUSION: Patients with loss of density present worse FVC and DLCO values. Prospective studies are warranted to determine whether NVC is useful for studying pulmonary function in SSc.


Assuntos
Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Unhas/irrigação sanguínea , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Angioscopia Microscópica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos
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