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Front Public Health ; 8: 562615, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072699


The pandemic caused by the new severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a worldwide public health concern. First confined in China and then disseminated widely across Europe and America, SARS-CoV-2 has impacted and moved the scientific community around the world to working in a fast and coordinated way to collect all possible information about this virus and generate new strategies and protocols to try to stop the infection. During March 2020, more than 16,000 full viral genomes have been shared in public databases that allow the construction of genetic landscapes for tracking and monitoring the viral advances over time and study the genomic variations present in geographic regions. In this work, we present the occurrence of genetic variants and lineages of SARS-CoV-2 in Chile during March to April 2020. Complete genome analysis of 141 viral samples from different regions of Chile revealed a predominance of variant D614G like in Europe and the USA and the major presence of lineage B.1. These findings could help take control measures due to the similarity of the viral variants present in Chile, compared with other countries, and monitor the dynamic change of virus variants in the country.

J Med Virol ; 92(9): 1562-1566, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222995


The current pandemic caused by the new coronavirus is a worldwide public health concern. To aboard this emergency, and like never before, scientific groups around the world have been working in a fast and coordinated way to get the maximum of information about this virus when it has been almost 3 months since the first cases were detected in Wuhan province in China. The complete genome sequences of around 450 isolates are available, and studies about similarities and differences among them and with the close related viruses that caused similar epidemics in this century. In this work, we studied the complete genome of the first four cases of the new coronavirus disease in Chile, from patients who traveled to Europe and Southeast Asia. Our findings reveal at least two different viral variants entries to Chilean territory, coming from Europe and Asia. We also sub-classified the isolates into variants according to punctual mutations in the genome. Our work contributes to global information about transmission dynamics and the importance to take control measures to stop the spread of the infection.

Int J Mol Sci ; 17(7)2016 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27347925


Arterial hypertension is a common condition worldwide and an important predictor of several complicated diseases. Arterial hypertension can be triggered by many factors, including physiological, genetic, and lifestyle causes. Specifically, molecules of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system not only play important roles in the control of blood pressure, but they are also associated with the genesis of arterial hypertension, thus constituting a need for pharmacological interventions. Chronic high pressure generates mechanical damage along the vascular system, heart, and kidneys, which are the principal organs affected in this condition. In addition to mechanical stress, hypertension-induced oxidative stress, chronic inflammation, and the activation of reparative mechanisms lead to end-organ damage, mainly due to fibrosis. Clinical trials have demonstrated that renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system intervention in hypertensive patients lowers morbidity/mortality and inflammatory marker levels as compared to placebo patients, evidencing that this system controls more than blood pressure. This review emphasizes the detrimental effects that a renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) imbalance has on health considerations above and beyond high blood pressure, such as fibrotic end-organ damage.

Hipertensão/metabolismo , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Animais , Sistema Cardiovascular/metabolismo , Sistema Cardiovascular/patologia , Fibrose , Humanos , Hipertensão/patologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia
Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; 55(10): 4735-41, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21768506


A single polypeptide of the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase that reconstituted Mg(2+)-dependent RNase H activity has been made. Using molecular modeling, the construct was designed to encode the p51 subunit joined by a linker to the thumb (T), connection (C), and RNase H (R) domains of p66. This p51-G-TCR construct was purified from the soluble fraction of an Escherichia coli strain, MIC2067(DE3), lacking endogenous RNase HI and HII. The p51-G-TCR RNase H construct displayed Mg(2+)-dependent activity using a fluorescent nonspecific assay and showed the same cleavage pattern as HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) on substrates that mimic the tRNA removal required for second-strand transfer reactions. The mutant E706Q (E478Q in RT) was purified under similar conditions and was not active. The RNase H of the p51-G-TCR RNase H construct and wild type HIV-1 RT had similar K(m)s for an RNA-DNA hybrid substrate and showed similar inhibition kinetics to two known inhibitors of the HIV-1 RT RNase H.

Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , Transcriptase Reversa do HIV/metabolismo , HIV-1/enzimologia , Inibidores da Transcriptase Reversa/farmacologia , Ribonuclease H/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Sequência de Bases , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Transcriptase Reversa do HIV/química , Transcriptase Reversa do HIV/genética , HIV-1/genética , HIV-1/metabolismo , Magnésio/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , RNA de Transferência/genética , Ribonuclease H/química , Ribonuclease H/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA