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2.
Clin Rheumatol ; 37(4): 999-1009, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29214548

RESUMO

The objective of the study is to determine the importance of the mode of onset as prognostic factor in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Data were collected from the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE), a nationwide retrospective multicenter database created in 2006. As first symptom, we included Raynaud's phenomenon (RP), cutaneous sclerosis, arthralgia/arthritis, puffy hands, interstitial lung disease (ILD), pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and digestive hypomotility. A total of 1625 patients were recruited. One thousand three hundred forty-two patients (83%) presented with RP as first symptom and 283 patients (17%) did not. Survival from first symptom in those patients with RP mode of onset was higher at any time than those with onset as non-Raynaud's phenomenon: 97 vs. 90% at 5 years, 93 vs. 82% at 10 years, 83 vs. 62% at 20 years, and 71 vs. 50% at 30 years (p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, factors related to mortality were older age at onset, male gender, dcSSc subset, ILD, PAH, scleroderma renal crisis (SRC), heart involvement, and the mode of onset with non-Raynaud's phenomenon, especially in the form of puffy hands or pulmonary involvement. The mode of onset should be considered an independent prognostic factor in systemic sclerosis and, in particular, patients who initially present with non-Raynaud's phenomenon may be considered of poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Artralgia/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doença de Raynaud/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Avaliação de Sintomas
3.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 47(6): 849-857, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29246416

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and causes of hepatobiliary involvement (HBI) in systemic sclerosis (SSc), to investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of SSc patients with HBI (SSc-HBI) and without HBI (SSc-non-HBI), and to compare both groups according to the cutaneous SSc subsets. METHODS: In all, 1572 SSc patients were collected in the RESCLE registry up to January 2015, and all hepatobiliary disturbances were recorded. We investigated the HBI-related characteristics and survival from the entire SSc cohort and according to the following cutaneous subsets: diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc), limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc), and SSc sine scleroderma (ssSSc). RESULTS: Out of 1572, 118 (7.5%) patients had HBI. Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) was largely the main cause (n = 67, 4.3%), followed by autoimmune hepatitis (n = 19, 1.2%), and anti-mitochondrial negative PBC (n = 6, 0.4%). Other causes of HBI were as follows: secondary liver diseases (n = 11, 0.7%), SSc-related HBI (n = 7, 0.4%), nodular regenerative hyperplasia (n = 3, 0.2%), liver cirrhosis (n = 3, 0.2%), and HBI of unknown origin (n = 2, 0.1%). In multivariate analysis, HBI was independently associated to lesser risk of dcSSc (5.1% vs. 24.4%), and higher frequency of calcinosis (26% vs. 18%), left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (46% vs. 27%), sicca syndrome (51% vs. 29%), and anti-centromere antibodies (ACA, 73% vs. 44%). According to the cutaneous subsets, HBI was associated (1) in lcSSc, to longer time from SSc onset to diagnosis (10.8 ± 12.5 vs. 7.2 ± 9.3 years), sicca syndrome (54% vs. 33%), and ACA (80% vs. 56%); (2) in ssSSc, to sicca syndrome (44% vs. 19%), and (3) in dcSSc, no associations were found. HBI was the cause of death in 2.3% patients but the cumulative survival according to the presence or absence of HBI showed no differences. CONCLUSIONS: HBI prevalence in SSc is 7.5% and dcSSc is the least involved subset. PBC is the main cause of HBI. Patients with SSc-HBI exhibited specific clinical and immunologic profile. Survival is similar for SSc patients with HBI.


Assuntos
Colangite/etiologia , Hepatite Autoimune/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Colangite/mortalidade , Feminino , Hepatite Autoimune/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/mortalidade , Espanha , Taxa de Sobrevida
4.
Autoimmun Rev ; 16(8): 796-802, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28564618

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: According to the existence of subclinical organ involvement pre-scleroderma should be divided into two subsets: very early and early disease. Pre-scleroderma patients included in the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE) Cohort were reclassified into subsets. Differences were evaluated and the risk of progression to definite systemic sclerosis was estimated. METHODS: The characteristics of very early and early SSc patients were compared. A logistic regression model was used to determine the risk factors of progression. RESULTS: 1632 patients were included, 36 (2.2%) in the very early subset and 111 (6.8%) in the early subset. There were no differences in sex, age at disease onset, duration of Raynaud's phenomenon, antinuclear antibodies or capillaroscopic findings. Three (8.3%) very early SSc patients evolved to definite SSc, 2 (5.6%) of them meeting the ACR/EULAR 2013 criteria, unlike 31 (28%) early SSc patients, 20 (24%) of them meeting the criteria (p=0.034). Digestive involvement was an independent risk factor of progression (OR 17; 95% CI, 6.1-47.2). CONCLUSIONS: The classification of early forms of scleroderma identifies patients with different prognostic risk of progression. The evolution to definite SSc is more frequent in early than in very early SSc patients. Digestive involvement is a risk factor of progression. An active assessment of organ damage in preclinical stages allows a correct classification and risk stratification, with implications for monitoring and treatment.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Angioscopia Microscópica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Doença de Raynaud/epidemiologia , Doença de Raynaud/imunologia , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 46(2): 200-8, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27312381

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Digital ulcers (DU) are the most common vascular complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc). We compared the characteristics between patients with prior or current DU with those never affected and evaluated whether a history of DU may be a predictor of vascular, organ involvement, and/or death in patients with SSc. METHODS: Data from SSc patients with or without prior or current DU were collected by 19 referral centers in an ongoing registry of Spanish SSc patients, named Registro de ESCLErodermia (RESCLE). Demographics, organ involvement, autoimmunity features, nailfold capillary pattern, survival time, and causes of death were analyzed to identify DU related characteristics and survival of the entire series and according to the following cutaneous subsets-diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc), limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc), and SSc sine scleroderma (ssSSc). RESULTS: Out of 1326, 552 patients enrolled in the RESCLE registry had prior or current DU, 88% were women, the mean age was 50 ± 16 years, and the mean disease duration from first SSc symptom was 7.6 ± 9.6 years. Many significant differences were observed in the univariate analysis between patients with and without prior/current DU. Multivariate analysis identified that history of prior/current DU in patients with SSc was independently associated to younger age at SSc diagnosis, diffuse cutaneous SSc, peripheral vascular manifestations such Raynaud's phenomenon, telangiectasia, and acro-osteolysis but no other vascular features such as pulmonary arterial hypertension or scleroderma renal crisis. DU was also associated to calcinosis cutis, interstitial lung disease, as well as worse survival. Multivariate analysis performed in the cutaneous subsets showed that prior/current DU were independently associated: (1) in dcSSc, to younger age at SSc diagnosis, presence of telangiectasia and calcinosis and rarely a non-SSc pattern on nailfold capillaroscopy; (2) in lcSSc, to younger age at SSc diagnosis, presence of Raynaud's phenomenon as well as calcinosis cutis, interstitial lung disease, and higher incidence of death from all causes; and (3) in ssSSc, to younger age at first SSc symptom and greater incidence of death from all causes. CONCLUSIONS: Digital ulcers develop in patients with SSc younger at diagnosis, mainly in patients with dcSSc and lcSSc, and they are associated to other peripheral vascular manifestations such as Raynaud's phenomenon, telangiectasia, and acro-osteolysis but also to calcinosis, and interstitial lung disease. History of DU in SSc leads to worse survival, also noticeable for lcSSc and ssSSc subsets but not for dcSSc patients.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Úlcera Cutânea/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Angioscopia Microscópica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Escleroderma Sistêmico/mortalidade , Escleroderma Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Úlcera Cutânea/mortalidade , Úlcera Cutânea/fisiopatologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
6.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 75(11): 1998-2006, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26787370

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a clinically heterogeneous disease with limited reliable diagnostic biomarkers. We investigated whether gene methylation could meet sensitivity and specificity criteria for a robust biomarker. METHODS: IFI44L promoter methylation was examined using DNA samples from a discovery set including 377 patients with SLE, 358 healthy controls (HCs) and 353 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Two independent sets including 1144 patients with SLE, 1350 HCs, 429 patients with RA and 199 patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) were used for validation. RESULTS: Significant hypomethylation of two CpG sites within IFI44L promoter, Site1 (Chr1: 79 085 222) and Site2 (Chr1: 79 085 250; cg06872964), was identified in patients with SLE compared with HCs, patients with RA and patients with pSS. In a comparison between patients with SLE and HCs included in the first validation cohort, Site1 methylation had a sensitivity of 93.6% and a specificity of 96.8% at a cut-off methylation level of 75.5% and Site2 methylation had a sensitivity of 94.1% and a specificity of 98.2% at a cut-off methylation level of 25.5%. The IFI44L promoter methylation marker was also validated in an European-derived cohort. In addition, the methylation levels of Site1 and Site2 within IFI44L promoter were significantly lower in patients with SLE with renal damage than those without renal damage. Patients with SLE showed significantly increased methylation levels of Site1 and Site2 during remission compared with active stage. CONCLUSIONS: The methylation level of IFI44L promoter can distinguish patients with SLE from healthy persons and other autoimmune diseases, and is a highly sensitive and specific diagnostic marker for SLE.


Assuntos
Antígenos/genética , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Metilação de DNA , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Adulto , Antígenos/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/sangue , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Síndrome de Sjogren/sangue , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sjogren/genética
7.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 146(1): 1-7, ene. 2016. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-147352

RESUMO

Fundamento y objetivo: La hipertensión arterial pulmonar (HAP) es causa importante de morbimortalidad en la esclerosis sistémica (ES). Su evolución es peor que en la HAP idiopática, pero el pronóstico mejora si se diagnostica precozmente. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir el resultado de un programa de cribado para el diagnóstico de hipertensión pulmonar (HP) desarrollado en una cohorte de pacientes españoles con ES. Pacientes y método: Se realizó cribado de HP mediante ecocardiografía-doppler transtorácica (EDTT) en 184 pacientes con ES. Los pacientes con valor de presión arterial pulmonar sistólica estimada por EDTT > 35 mmHg se evaluaron de forma protocolizada para establecer o no el diagnóstico de certeza de HP y su tipo. Resultados: Se diagnosticó HAP en 25 pacientes (13,6%). Los pacientes con ES difusa y limitada desarrollaron HAP en proporciones semejantes: 9 de 60 (15%) frente a 16 de 100 (16%). No se registraron casos entre pacientes con ES «sine esclerodermia» o «preesclerodermia» (p < 0,001). Los únicos datos clinicoepidemiológicos que caracterizaron a los pacientes con HAP fueron una edad más avanzada (edad media de 67 años para pacientes con HAP frente a 56 años sin HAP, p = 0,007), especialmente relacionada con la ES limitada, y una tendencia hacia un menor tiempo de evolución de la enfermedad de base (mediana de 8 años para pacientes con HAP frente a 10 años sin HAP, p = 0,73) y una mayor frecuencia de positividad para anticuerpos anticentrómero: 16 (64%) pacientes con HAP frente a 70 (48,3%) sin HAP (p = 0,19). Conclusiones: La prevalencia de HAP en ES resultó elevada y apoya la implantación de programas de cribado sistemático (AU)


Background and objective: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an important cause of morbimortality in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Evolution is worse than that of subjects with idiopathic PAH, but prognosis improves when PAH is diagnosed early. The aim of this research is to describe results of a screening program for diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension (PH) carried out in a cohort of Spanish patients with SSc. Patients and method: PH screening was performed by transthoracic doppler echocardiography (TTDE) in 184 patients with SSc. Patients with systolic pulmonary arterial pressure estimated by TTDE > 35 mmHg were evaluated per protocol to confirm diagnosis and type of PH. Results: PAH was diagnosed in 25 patients (13.6%). Patients with diffuse and limited SSc developed PAH in a similar degree, 9/60 (15%) vs. 16/100 (16%), with no cases among patients with SSc 'sine scleroderma' or 'pre-scleroderma' (P < .001). The only clinical or epidemiological data characterizing patients with PAH were older age (mean age 67 years for patients with PAH vs. 56 years for those without PAH, P = .007), limited SSc, a trend toward shorter evolution of the underlying disease (median 8 years for patients with PAH vs. 10 years for those without PAH, P = .73), and a higher frequency of positive anticentromere antibodies (16 patients [64%] with PAH vs. 70 (48,3%) without PAH, P = .19). Conclusions: Prevalence of PAH in SSc was high and supports the implementation of a regular screening program (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Hipertensão Pulmonar/mortalidade , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Indicadores de Morbimortalidade , Radiografia Torácica/métodos
8.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 146(1): 1-7, 2016 Jan 01.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26169331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an important cause of morbimortality in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Evolution is worse than that of subjects with idiopathic PAH, but prognosis improves when PAH is diagnosed early. The aim of this research is to describe results of a screening program for diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension (PH) carried out in a cohort of Spanish patients with SSc. PATIENTS AND METHOD: PH screening was performed by transthoracic doppler echocardiography (TTDE) in 184 patients with SSc. Patients with systolic pulmonary arterial pressure estimated by TTDE>35 mmHg were evaluated per protocol to confirm diagnosis and type of PH. RESULTS: PAH was diagnosed in 25 patients (13.6%). Patients with diffuse and limited SSc developed PAH in a similar degree, 9/60 (15%) vs. 16/100 (16%), with no cases among patients with SSc "sine scleroderma" or "pre-scleroderma" (P<.001). The only clinical or epidemiological data characterizing patients with PAH were older age (mean age 67 years for patients with PAH vs. 56 years for those without PAH, P=.007), limited SSc, a trend toward shorter evolution of the underlying disease (median 8 years for patients with PAH vs. 10 years for those without PAH, P=.73), and a higher frequency of positive anticentromere antibodies (16 patients [64%] with PAH vs. 70 (48,3%) without PAH, P=.19). CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of PAH in SSc was high and supports the implementation of a regular screening program.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Doppler , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Programas de Rastreamento , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Espanha
9.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 33(6 Suppl 94): S96-100, 2015 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26393284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Behçet's disease (BD) is an immune-mediated and complex disease associated with HLA class I and other genes. The aim of this study was to contribute to a better understanding of the relationship of the 32-bp deletion in the CCR5 gene (CCR5Δ32) and this disease by conducting a case-control study in the Spanish population and also a meta-analysis including all the studies available to date. METHODS: A cohort composed of 348 BD Spanish patients and 477 unrelated healthy and ethnically matched individuals were genotyped in CCR5Δ32 using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and capillary electrophoresis with fluorescent detection. In the meta-analysis, data from a total of seven populations extracted from four previous studies along with data of the present study were included. RESULTS: Regarding the case-control study, no statistically significant differences were observed when the patient and control groups were compared (allelic model: 0.07 in patients vs. 0.06 in controls, p=0.303). In the meta-analysis, no evidence of association of the CCR5Δ32 polymorphism with BD was observed (pMH=0.091; OR=1.22; 95%CI 0.98 to 1.52 in the allelic model). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this meta-analysis discard a major role of the CCR5Δ32 polymorphism in BD.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Behçet/genética , Receptores CCR5/genética , Adulto , Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Behçet/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Fenótipo , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Espanha
12.
J Pineal Res ; 58(2): 219-26, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25612066

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the production of antinuclear autoantibodies. In addition, the involvement of CD4+ T-helper (Th) cells in SLE has become increasingly evident. Although the role of melatonin has been tested in some experimental models of lupus with inconclusive results, there are no studies evaluating the melatonin effect on cells from patients with SLE. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyse the role of in vitro administered melatonin in the immune response of peripheral leukocytes from treated patients with SLE (n = 20) and age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Melatonin was tested for its effect on the production of key Th1, Th2, Th9, Th17 and innate cytokines. The frequency of T regulatory (Treg) cells and the expression of FOXP3 and BAFF were also explored. Our results are the first to show that melatonin decreased the production of IL-5 and to describe the novel role of melatonin in IL-9 production by human circulating cells. Additionally, we highlighted a two-faceted melatonin effect. Although it acted as a prototypical anti-inflammatory compound, reducing exacerbated Th1 and innate responses in PHA-stimulated cells from healthy subjects, it caused the opposite actions in immune-depressed cells from patients with SLE. Melatonin also increased the number of Treg cells expressing FOXP3 and offset BAFF overexpression in SLE patient cells. These findings open a new field of research in lupus that could lead to the use of melatonin as treatment or cotreatment for SLE.


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Melatonina/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Citocinas/sangue , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 15(5): R145, 2013 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24286189

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: According to genome wide association (GWA) studies as well as candidate gene approaches, Behçet's disease (BD) is associated with human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A and HLA-B gene regions. The HLA-B51 has been consistently associated with the disease, but the role of other HLA class I molecules remains controversial. Recently, variants in non-HLA genes have also been associated with BD. The aims of this study were to further investigate the influence of the HLA region in BD and to explore the relationship with non-HLA genes recently described to be associated in other populations. METHODS: This study included 304 BD patients and 313 ethnically matched controls. HLA-A and HLA-B low resolution typing was carried out by PCR-SSOP Luminex. Eleven tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located outside of the HLA-region, previously described associated with the disease in GWA studies and having a minor allele frequency in Caucasians greater than 0.15 were genotyped using TaqMan assays. Phenotypic and genotypic frequencies were estimated by direct counting and distributions were compared using the χ(2) test. RESULTS: In addition to HLA-B*51, HLA-B*57 was found as a risk factor in BD, whereas, B*35 was found to be protective. Other HLA-A and B specificities were suggestive of association with the disease as risk (A*02 and A*24) or protective factors (A*03 and B*58). Regarding the non-HLA genes, the three SNPs located in IL23R and one of the SNPs in IL10 were found to be significantly associated with susceptibility to BD in our population. CONCLUSION: Different HLA specificities are associated with Behçet's disease in addition to B*51. Other non-HLA genes, such as IL23R and IL-10, play a role in the susceptibility to the disease.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Behçet/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Antígenos HLA/genética , Interleucina-10/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptores de Interleucina/genética , Adulto , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Genótipo , Antígenos HLA-A/genética , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Antígeno HLA-B35/genética , Antígeno HLA-B51/genética , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Espanha
15.
Hum Immunol ; 74(2): 230-3, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23127549

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Signal-transducer and activator of transcription protein 3 (STAT3) gene encodes a transducer and transcription factor that plays an important role in many cellular processes such as cell growth, apoptosis and immune response. Several STAT3 genetic variants have been associated to different autoimmune diseases. Our aim was to reveal the possible STAT3 influence in other immune-mediated diseases such as psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and Behcet disease (BD). METHODS: The STAT3 rs744166 and rs2293152 polymorphisms were genotyped using predesigned TaqMan® assays in a total of 335 PsA patients, 217 BD patients, and 1844 ethnically matched healthy controls of Spanish Caucasian origin. RESULTS: A statistically significant association of the STAT3 rs744166(∗)G allele with PsA was observed (P-value=1.36×10(-3), OR 1.35). The detected effect was more evident when the rs744166(∗)GG homozygote frequencies were compared between PsA patients and controls (genotype P-value=9.77×10(-5), OR 1.82). In contrast, the allele and genotypic distributions of rs744166 polymorphism showed no significant differences between patients with BD and control subjects (allelic P-value=0.80, OR 1.03). Additionally, no evidence of association was detected between the rs2293152 genetic variant and both studied diseases. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest for the first time that the STAT3 gene might be involved in PsA but not in Behcet's disease predisposition.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/genética , Síndrome de Behçet/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo Genético , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Alelos , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
16.
DNA Cell Biol ; 31(9): 1486-91, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22734797

RESUMO

Rituximab has become a pivotal treatment for systemic autoimmune diseases. The aim of this study was to determine whether the genetic variant -174 IL-6 contributes to differences in the response to rituximab in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), inflammatory myopathies, anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-mediated vasculitis, systemic sclerosis, Sjöegren's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and autoimmune hemolytic anemia. DNA samples from 144 Spanish patients with different systemic autoimmune diseases receiving rituximab were genotyped for -174 IL-6 (rs1800795) gene polymorphism using the TaqMan(®) allelic discrimination technology. Six months after the first infusion with rituximab, we evaluated the response to the drug: 60.4% of the patients showed a complete response, partial 27.8%, and 11.8% did not respond to the treatment. The CC genotype frequency was significantly increased in nonresponders with respect to responders (23.5% vs. 7.1%, respectively; p=0.049; odds ratio (OR)=4.03, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.78-16.97). According to the genotype distribution, rituximab was effective in 69.2% of the CC carriers, 91.9% of the CG carriers, and 88.4% of the GG carriers. A similar trend was observed when SLE patients were analyzed separately (27.3% carried CC homozygosis in nonresponders and 6.9% in responders; p=0.066; OR=5.10, 95% CI 0.65-31.73). Rituximab was effective in 62.5% of the CC carriers, 88.9% of the GC carriers, and 90% of the GG carriers. These results suggest that -174 IL-6 (rs1800795) gene polymorphism plays a role in the response to rituximab in systemic autoimmune diseases. Validation of these findings in independent cohorts is warranted.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Interleucina-6/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Rituximab , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Eur Respir J ; 40(3): 596-603, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22362843

RESUMO

A pulmonary hypertension (PH) registry (Spanish Registry of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension) was undertaken to analyse prevalence, incidence and survival of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) in Spain, and to assess the applicability of recent survival prediction equations. Voluntary reporting of previously diagnosed and incident PAH or CTEPH cases (July 2007-June 2008) was performed. Demographic, functional and haemodynamic variables were evaluated. 866 patients with PAH and 162 with CTEPH were included. PAH associated with toxic oil syndrome and pulmonary veno-occlusive disease were reported for the first time in a PAH registry. Estimated prevalences were as follows: PAH, 16 and CTEPH, 3.2 cases per million adult inhabitants (MAI). Estimated incidences were as follows: PAH, 3.7 and CTEPH, 0.9 cases per MAI per yr. 1-, 3- and 5-yr survival was 87%, 75% and 65%, respectively, with no differences between PAH and CTEPH. Male sex, right atrial pressure and cardiac index were independent predictors of death. Matching between observed survival and that predicted by different equations was closer when the characteristics of the cohorts were similar. Epidemiology and survival of PAH patients in the Spanish registry are similar to recent registries. Characteristics of the population from which survival prediction equations are derived influence their applicability to a different cohort. CTEPH is much less prevalent than PAH, although has a similar survival rate.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Biológicos , Prevalência , Pneumopatia Veno-Oclusiva/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia/epidemiologia
18.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 41(6): 789-800, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22169458

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of clinical and immunological characteristics of a large cohort of Spanish patients with scleroderma (SSc) and identifying factors associated with particular organ manifestations assessed by a nationwide cross-sectional analysis. METHODS: We classified SSc patients in 4 subsets using a modification of LeRoy and Medsger classification that included: "prescleroderma" (pre-SSc), limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc), diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc), and SSc sine scleroderma (ssSSc). Fourteen Spanish centers participated in patient recruitment. On January 2008, the database included 916 consecutive Spanish SSc patients, 801 women (87.4%) and 115 men (12.6%), all of whom fulfilled the classification criteria proposed by LeRoy and Medsger. Epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory data were collected according to a standard protocol. Mean age at diagnosis was 51.2 ± 15.1 years and mean age at disease onset was 44.9.0 ± 15.8 years. lcSSc was the most frequent subset (61.8%) followed by dcSSc (26.5%), ssSSc (7.5%), and preSSc (4%) subsets. Gender ratios were as follows: dcSSc subset, 200 women and 43 men (4.7:1); lcSSc subset, 503 women and 63 men (ratio 7.9:1), and ssSSc subset, 62 women and 7 men (ratio 8.9:1). Digital ulcers, interstitial lung disease (ILD), musculoeskeletal and esophageal involvement, and scleroderma renal crisis were more frequent in dcSSc than lcSSc and ssSSc subsets. The incidence of pulmonary arterial hypertension assessed by echocardiography was similar in all subsets but mean estimated systolic pulmonary arterial pressure was higher in ssSSc than in lcSSc subset (47.3 ± 23.9 mm Hg vs 39.6 ± 19.2 mm Hg; P < 0.03). Cardiac involvement was identified more frequently in ssSSc than in dcSSc and lcSSc subsets (49.3% vs 32.5% and 31.1%, respectively; P = 0.015 and P = 0.004 for both comparisons). Acro-osteolysis (8.2% vs 2.4%, P = 0.049), calcinosis (19.8% vs 7.2%, P < 0.05), and sicca syndrome (37.5% vs 14.5%, P < 0.0001) were more frequent in lcSSc than in ssSSc subsets. The frequency of clinical manifestations related to the presence of anticentromere antibodies or antitopoisomerase I antibodies was very similar to that identified in patients categorized to lcSSc and dcSSc, respectively. However, in multivariate studies, the ranking of the variables according to their overall explanatory effect on the model showed that the contributory effect of the antibody status was not greater than that of the clinical categorization into lcSSc and dcSSc for the majority of disease manifestations, but, in important manifestations, as ILD, absence of anticentromere antibodies was an independent predictor factor. CONCLUSIONS: The classification of SSc into dcSSc, lcSSc, and ssSSc subsets is the one that most closely reflects the natural history of the disease, as they presented clear clinical differences. The immunological profile helps to define important visceral alteration as ILD. Finally, to improve early diagnosis of SSc, patients with preSSc should be considered both to trace the true evolution of the disease and to define which patients could benefit from therapeutic measures able to prevent the appearance of visceral involvements.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fibrose Pulmonar/complicações , Fibrose Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Sistema de Registros , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Espanha/epidemiologia
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