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1.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4027, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492837

RESUMO

Cells feel the forces exerted on them by the surrounding extracellular matrix (ECM) environment and respond to them. While many cell fate processes are dictated by these forces, which are highly synchronized in space and time, abnormal force transduction is implicated in the progression of many diseases (muscular dystrophy, cancer). However, material platforms that enable transient, cyclic forces in vitro to recreate an in vivo-like scenario remain a challenge. Here, we report a hydrogel system that rapidly beats (actuates) with spatio-temporal control using a near infra-red light trigger. Small, user-defined mechanical forces (~nN) are exerted on cells growing on the hydrogel surface at frequencies up to 10 Hz, revealing insights into the effect of actuation on cell migration and the kinetics of reversible nuclear translocation of the mechanosensor protein myocardin related transcription factor A, depending on the actuation amplitude, duration and frequency.

2.
Int J Cancer ; 137(10): 2492-503, 2015 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26059723

RESUMO

Many tumors including prostate cancer are maintained by cancer stem cells (CSCs), which might cause tumor relapse if not eradicated during the course of treatment. Specific targeting or radiosensitization of CSCs bear promise to improve tumor curability by synergistic effects in combination with radiotherapy. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can be used as promising drug delivery systems for anticancer drugs such as the flavonoid catechin. Catechin is an extensively studied active ingredient of the different plants, including green tea, and it is widely recognized as co-adjuvant in cancer therapy. Here we describe the synthesis of biocompatible, catechin-loaded and gelatin-conjugated CNTs (Gel_CT_CNTs) with anticancer properties and demonstrate their potential for the eradication of prostate CSCs in combination with X-ray irradiation. Gel_CT_CNTs showed a significant enhancement of in vitro anticancer activity as compared to catechin alone. Moreover, treatment of prostate cancer cells with Gel_CT_CNT nanohybrids inhibited the tumorigenic cell population defined by a high aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity. A combination of X-ray irradiation and treatment with Gel_CT_CNTs caused a decrease in the protein level of stem cell-related transcription factors and regulators including Nanog, Oct4 and ß-catenin and led to an increase of cancer cell radiosensitivity as demonstrated by clonogenic and spherogenic cell survival assays. Taken together, our results suggest that a combination of irradiation and Gel_CT_CNTs can be potentially used for the radiosensitization and eradication of prostate CSC populations.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Catequina/química , Gelatina/química , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Radiossensibilizantes/síntese química , Aldeído Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Composição de Medicamentos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Transplante de Neoplasias , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Radiossensibilizantes/administração & dosagem
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