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1.
J Tissue Eng Regen Med ; 13(11): 1955-1964, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31353843

RESUMO

Currently, hernia treatment involves implantation of a mesh prosthesis, usually made of polypropylene, and the primary complication is infection of the device, which leads to an exponential increase in morbidity. Three-dimensional printing offers a method of dealing with complications of this magnitude. Therefore, in this study, the bactericidal properties and effectiveness of three-dimensional-printed meshes with polycaprolactone (PCL) and gentamicin were evaluated in vitro in Escherichia coli cultures, and their histological behaviour was examined in vivo. Different PCL meshes were implanted into four groups of rats, with 10 rats in each group: PCL meshes, PCL meshes with alginate and calcium chloride, PCL meshes with gentamicin, and PCL meshes with alginate and gentamicin. Thirty-six microporous meshes were manufactured, and their bactericidal properties were assessed. When the meshes did not include an antibiotic, an inhibition halo was not observed; when the gentamicin was free, an asymmetric inhibition area of 5.65 ± 0.46 cm2 was present; when the gentamicin was encapsulated, a rectangular area of 5.40 ± 0.38 cm2 was observed. In the rats, macroporous and microporous mesh implants produced mild inflammation and substantial fibrosis with collagen and neovascular foci. A significant difference was observed in fibroblastic activity between the PCL with alginate group and the PCL with alginate and gentamicin group microporous meshes (p = .013) and in collagen deposits between the macroporous and microporous meshes in the PCL mesh group (p = .033). The feasibility of manufacturing drug-doped printed PCL meshes containing alginate and gentamicin was verified, and the meshes exhibited bactericidal effects and good histopathological behaviour.

6.
Environ Mol Mutagen ; 49(4): 249-55, 2008 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18288717

RESUMO

During sugar cane harvesting season, which occurs from May to November of each year, the crops are burnt, cut, and transported to the mills. There are reports showing that mutagenic activity and PAH content increase during harvesting season in some areas of São Paulo State in comparison with nonharvesting periods. The objective of this work was to preliminarily characterize the mutagenic activity of the total organic extracts as well as corresponding organic fractions of airborne particulate matter (PM) collected twice from two cities, Araraquara (ARQ) and Piracicaba (PRB), during sugar cane harvesting season using the Salmonella/microsome microssuspension assay. One sample collected in São Paulo metropolitan area was also included. The mutagenicity of the total extracts ranged from 55 to 320 revertants per cubic meter without the addition of S9 and from not detected to 57 revertants per cubic meter in the presence of S9 in areas with sugar cane plantations. Of the three fractions analyzed, the most polar ones (nitro and oxy) were the most potent. A comparison of the response of TA98 with YG1041 and the increased potencies without S9 indicated that nitro compounds are causing the observed effect. More studies are necessary to verify the sources of the mutagenic activity such as burning of vegetal biomass and combustion of heavy duty vehicles used to transport the sugar cane to the mills. The Salmonella/microsome assay can be an important tool to monitor the atmosphere for mutagenicity during sugar cane harvesting season.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Mutagênicos/toxicidade , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/toxicidade , Saccharum , Salmonella typhimurium/efeitos dos fármacos , Agricultura , Brasil , Microssomos , Testes de Mutagenicidade , Salmonella typhimurium/genética
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