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1.
Platelets ; : 1-13, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531175

RESUMO

Guided bone regeneration (GBR) is a process that involves the regeneration of bone defects through the application of occlusive membranes that mechanically exclude the population of non-osteogenic cells from the surrounding soft tissue. Interestingly, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) has previously been proposed as an autologous GBR membrane despite its short-term resorption period of 2-3 weeks. Recent clinical observations have demonstrated that, by heating a liquid platelet-poor plasma (PPP) layer and mixing the cell-rich buffy coat zone, the resorption properties of heated albumin gel with liquid-PRF (Alb-PRF) can be significantly improved. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inflammatory reaction, biocompatibility, and extended degradation properties of a new autologous Alb-PRF membrane in comparison to commonly utilized standard PRF after nude mice implantation, according to ISO 10993-6/2016. Two standard preparations of PRF (L-PRF and H-PRF) were compared to novel Alb-PRF following subcutaneous implantation at 7, 14, and 21 days. All groups demonstrated excellent biocompatibility owing to their autologous sources. However, it is worth noting that, while both L-PRF and H-PRF membranes demonstrated significant or complete resorption by 21 days, the Alb-PRF membrane remained volume-stable throughout the duration of the study. This study demonstrates-for the first time, to the best of our knowledge-a marked improvement in the membrane stability of Alb-PRF. This indicates its future potential for use as a biological barrier membrane for GBR procedures with a long-lasting half-life, or as a biological filler material in esthetic medicine applications. Thus, further studies are warranted to explore future clinical applications in various fields of medicine.

2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(2,supl): 1-8, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1100310

RESUMO

Background: Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) belongs to a heterogeneous group of musculoskeletal and neuromuscular conditions involving the temporomandibular joint complex, musculature and adjacent components. These conditions can generate signs and symptoms and be influenced by an altered biopsychosocial condition. Objective: This study aims to seek information to assist the patient in the presence of TMD signs and symptoms and Orofacial Pain, associated with the period of social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Material and methods: For the preparation of this manual, a bibliographic search was performed in the databases PubMed, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), BBO (BVS), Scopus, Web of Science and The Cochrane Library, using the keywords: orofacial pain, temporomandibular disorders, bruxism, stress, anxiety, biopsychosocial, diagnosis, self-care with important information on how to reduce and control the signs and symptoms of TMD and Orofacial Pain in this moment of pandemic that we are experiencing a social detachment. Results: The results show that the pandemic of COVID-19 and the need for social isolation, generates psychological impact that raises the pattern of anxiety and can directly affect patients with bruxism and TMD. Conclusion: Psychological factors associated with the pandemic can lead to an increased risk of developing, worsening and perpetuating bruxism, especially waking bruxism and TMD, so dentists should be aware of the occurrence of signs and symptoms to manage the multifactorial aspects of this condition. At that time, individual self-management strategies are advised for the patient, which consist of self-massage techniques, body education, exercise practices, sleep hygiene, meditation also the use of mobile apps and online tools that facilitate this activity. (AU)


Introdução: A Desordem Temporomandibular (DTM) pertence a um grupo heterogêneo de condições musculoesqueléticas e neuromusculares envolvendo o complexo articular temporomandibular, a musculatura e os componentes adjacentes. Essas condições podem gerar sinais e sintomas e serem influenciadas por uma condição biopsicossocial alterada. Objetivo: Esse estudo teve como objetivo buscar informações que possam auxiliar ao paciente na presença de sinais e sintomas de DTM e Dor Orofacial associado ao período de isolamento social durante a pandemia do COVID -19. Material e Métodos: Para a elaboração deste manual, foi realizada uma pesquisa bibliográfica nas bases de dados PubMed, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), BBO (BVS), Scopus, Web of Science e The Cochrane Library, utilizando as palavras-chaves: dor orofacial, desordem temporomandibular, bruxismo, estresse, ansiedade, biopsicossocial, diagnóstico e autocuidados, com informações importantes sobre como reduzir e controlar os sinais e sintomas de DTM e Dor Orofacial nesse momento de pandemia que estamos vivenciando um distanciamento social. Resultados: Os resultados mostram que a pandemia de COVID-19 e a necessidade de isolamento social, gera impacto psicológico que eleva o padrão de ansiedade e pode afetar diretamente pacientes com bruxismo e DTM. Conclusão: Fatores psicológicos associados à pandemia podem levar a um maior risco de desenvolver, piorar e perpetuar o bruxismo, principalmente bruxismo de vigília e DTM, por isso os cirurgiões-dentistas devem estar atentos a ocorrência de sinais e sintomas para gerenciar os aspectos multifatoriais dessa condição. Aconselha-se, nesse momento, estratégias individualizadas de autogerenciamento para o paciente que consistem em técnicas de automassagem, educação corporal, práticas de exercícios, higiene do sono e meditação. Além do uso de aplicativos digitais e ferramentas online facilitadores dessa atividade (AU)


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Autocuidado , Dor Facial , Bruxismo , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Infecções por Coronavirus , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Diagnóstico
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